Upper Room Discourse, Part 7

Chapter 13 Outline:

Vs 1, The Love of Jesus Christ.

Vs 2, 18, 21-30, Demon influence and possession

Vs 3, Personal Sense of Destiny – Plan of God – Dominion, Advent, Seated at the Right hand of the Father

Vs. 4, Priestly, humble servant hood of Jesus Christ – Preparation for service

Vs. 5, Humility for service

Vs. 6-7, Peter’s Objection due to Ignorance. The Doctrine of GAP

Vs. 8-11, Peter’s misguided zeal and our Lord’s Response. Washing of the feet, not salvation cleansing but experiential sanctification. He shows them the Rebound technique. 1 John 1:9

Vs. 12, Learn from this picture, Christ’s Completed Work for our Spiritual Perfection

Vs. 12, Learn from this Picture

Verse 12 states, “So when He had washed their feet, and taken His garments and reclined at the table again, He said to them, “Do you know what I have done to you?”

“So after/when He had washed their feet”.

This is the Aorist, Active, Indicative of NIPTO.

This indicates that Jesus won out! He finally convinced Peter that his feet needed to be washed in order to continue his fellowship with the Christ.

As we noted, this in effect provides cleansing for the eleven born-again believers. Now that they were clean they can take part in the last Passover; but with dirty feet they could not.

This is also the principle in the Communion Supper (Eucharist) for us today.

So the lesson has been, when we are saved, we are washed all over, 1 Cor. 6:9-11; Titus 3:5-6; ….

1 Cor 6:9-11, “Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor pedophiles, nor homosexuals, 10nor thieves, nor the covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers, will inherit the kingdom of God. 11Such were some of you; but you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God.”

Titus 3:5, “He saved us, not on the basis of deeds which we have done in righteousness, but according to His mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewing by the Holy Spirit, 6whom He poured out upon us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior.”

… When we confess our daily sins to the Lord, we have our feet washed and our “walk” is cleansed, 1 John 1:7-9.

This bathing and washing was also analogous to the ordination of the Jewish priests. They were washed all over (Ex. 29:4), which pictures our once-for-all cleansing; but God also provided the laver (Ex. 30:17-21) for them to use in the daily washing of their hands and feet.

It is this daily cleansing that keeps the believer in communion with Christ. The lesson here has nothing to do with “getting” or “losing” one’s salvation. It is strictly a matter of communion, fellowship with Christ.

As we have noted, many believers today make the same mistake Peter made in verse 9 where they want to be saved (washed) all over again when in fact all they need is to have their feet washed.

Then we have “and taken His garments”, which is the Aorist, Active, Indicative of LAMBANO and means to receive. So after washing the disciples’ feet Jesus put His garments on again and returned to His former position.

Remember that the Apostles were all dressed up, yet they had dirty feet. Jesus Christ was undressed and clean, looking like a servant ready to serve.

Back in verse four He laid aside His outer garments which represented His laying aside of His Deity so that He could be the humble priest-servant of all at the Cross.

This was also noted when He girded Himself with the towel signifying His priestly service.

So now He LAMBANO HIMATION (Him-at’-ee-on); “takes His outer garment” and puts it back on.

With this action He is resuming His position as the God/Man in Hypostatic Union.

At the Cross His humanity suffered and died for the forgiveness of our sins, not His Deity, so that we could LOUO and NIPTO.

Jesus Christ stripped off His outer clothes (did not use His deity) to do this job just as He was also physically stripped at the Cross, a picture of providing for salvation and rebound.

Now that the job was finished, He is dressed once again, just as He received His burial clothes.

Therefore, putting on His garments is a picture of operating in Hypostatic Union once again.

Likewise, putting on His garments is analogous to the resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Taking His garments off and washing the disciples feet was a picture of the Cross while putting His garments back on is a picture of His Resurrection in Hypostatic Union.

Washing the feet is the provision of Christ by His death on the cross. When He puts His clothes back on again, resurrection, it is the provision for dressing us in regeneration for eternal life coupled with the promise of our resurrection. Rom 13:12-14; 1 Cor 15:53-54; Eph 4:24; Eph 6:11-14; Col 3:10-14; 1 Thes 5:8; 2 Cor 5:2-4; John 3.

“And reclined at the table again”, is KAI ANAPIPTO PALIN. ANAPIPTO is also in the Aorist, Active, Indicative and means to fall back, lean back or sit down while PALIN means again.

So He took the seat He was previously occupying.

Ultimately this is a picture of His ascension and session, being seated at the right hand of the Father.

So in this passage we see the whole picture. His humanity on the cross, His resurrection, followed by ascension and session.

Remember back in verse 3 we noted the three broad brush strokes Jesus recalled of the Father’s Plan for His life that gave Him a personal sense of destiny to push on.

What were they?

1) “Knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands”, (glorified for all of eternity seated at the right hand of the Father),

2) “and that He had come forth from God”, (became man incarnate in Hypostatic Union to face the Cross)

3) “and was going back to God”, (promise of resurrection and ascension).

As He recalled it in verse 3, He acts it out in verse 12.

Now that He is reclining at the table, seated at the right hand of the Father, God is able to do something that He has not been able to do in all of human history. Once again He will open up the floodgates of heaven. This time not with rain, but with Bible doctrine that has been held in reserve, held in secret for the entire course of the human race. Now our Lord will continue the discourse with the New Doctrines for the Church.

The point is, God the Father is now able to send the Spirit and all of this doctrine from heaven; the doctrine of the Church Age, the Mystery Doctrine for the Church, the doctrines that we have recorded in the New Testament. These things are now available to us, after Jesus Christ was seated at the right hand of the Father.

The final analogy here is that Jesus Christ, seated at the right hand of the God the Father, as our High Priest in Hypostatic Union, is our advocate before God the Father.

The picture of resuming His position after the washing, after our salvation, shows us that as a result of His sacrifice in like kind, being a man, (Heb 2:5-10; 10:1-18) He was qualified to be die in our place, be our High Priest and now be our advocate before the Father.

By no coincidence this is also the message tied to 1 John 1:9, when in Chapter 2:1-2 it says, “My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous; 2and He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world.”

So through the payment of the sins of the entire world we all have the opportunity for salvation, a bath, as well as the opportunity for daily cleansing, washing, from the sins we commit post salvation.

Then, after giving this object lesson, the Lord questioned the disciples in order to draw out the significance of the lesson.

“He said to them, ‘Do you know what I have done to you?’”

First we have the Aorist, Active, Indicative of LEGO which means, “to say” and is the verb of address. Followed by the Dative case third person plural of AUTO meaning “to them”.

Then we have the Present, Active, Imperative of GINOSKO, which means “to know or have knowledge”. This is followed by the adjective TIS meaning “what”, making this a question.

Present tense: Means do you have knowledge now and also means to keep on learning.

Active voice: He is addressing the eleven disciples who all have the gift of communication.

Imperative mood: They are commanded to keep learning what He has done.

The imperative can be a command or exhortation or probing question. In a since it can be viewed as a searching question, particularly to Simon Peter, (who didn’t understand the Washing work of our Lord at the Cross), and Judas, (who didn’t understand the Bathing work of our Lord at the Cross). But more broadly it was a command to all to learn and keep on learning, especially what He has shown them and was about to tell them.

“I have done to you” is the Perfect, Active, Indicative of POIEO meaning “to make”, “do” or “accomplish”. This is followed by the Irregular Dative case for SU meaning “to you”.

The Perfect tense of POIEO means an event that was completed in the past that has results existing in the present time. It’s the present state of affairs resulting from the past action.

Therefore, our Lord is emphasizing the completed work of the Cross that not only LOUO’s us at regeneration but provides for our NIPTO washing for fellowship and communion with Him.

In both cases it’s a one-time action, you receive Christ as your savior once through non-meritorious faith and you only need to confess each sin committed post salvation once, because the work was completed at the Cross.

When our Lord says, “what I have done to you”, what He has done is release to them the greatest doctrine the world has ever known.

Our Lord had told Peter, in the presence of the rest in verse 7, that he should afterwards know what was the intent and meaning of this washing; and now He begins to fulfill that promise. Therefore, He gives a command to learn, as He knew Himself that they did not comprehend what He had done previously. So we could translate this “CONSIDER what I have done to you”. In other words “ponder what you have just seen and know the work that I have done for you”.

As we noted previously this in sharp contrast to what Peter wanted to do. He strongly objected to our Lord’s work because he thought he should do the work for the Lord. As we have seen this is a common error in Christianity.

Oswald Chambers comments on this in relationship to Acts 26:15, Paul’s defense witness to King Agrippa regarding his own ignorance at his conversion.

“How Could Someone Be So Ignorant!

“Who are You, Lord?” (Acts 26:15).

“The Lord spoke thus to me with a strong hand …” (Isaiah 8:11).

There is no escape when our Lord speaks. He always comes using His authority and taking hold of our understanding. Has the voice of God come to you directly? If it has, you cannot mistake the intimate insistence with which it has spoken to you. God speaks in the language you know best—not through your ears, but through your circumstances.

God has to destroy our determined confidence in our own convictions. We say, “I know that this is what I should do”—and suddenly the voice of God speaks in a way that overwhelms us by revealing the depths of our ignorance. We show our ignorance of Him in the very way we decide to serve Him. We serve Jesus in a spirit that is not His, and hurt Him by our defense of Him. We push His claims in the spirit of the devil; our words sound all right, but the spirit is that of an enemy. “He … rebuked them, and said, ‘You do not know what manner of spirit you are of’ ” (Luke 9:55). The spirit of our Lord in His followers is described in 1 Corinthians 13.

Have I been persecuting Jesus by an eager determination to serve Him in my own way? If I feel I have done my duty, yet have hurt Him in the process, I can be sure that this was not my duty. MY WAY will not be to foster a meek and quiet spirit, only the spirit of self-satisfaction. We presume that whatever is unpleasant is our duty! Is that anything like the spirit of our Lord—“I delight to do Your will, O my God …” (Psalm 40:8).”

That is a great message from the late Chambers. To follow up on his word, this type of ignorance and rebuke is also seen in Mat 16:21-23 and Mark 8:26 where Jesus foretold His Death.

Mat 16:21-23, “From that time Jesus began to show His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised up on the third day. 22Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Him, saying, “God forbid it, Lord! This shall never happen to You.” 23But He turned and said to Peter, “Get behind Me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to Me; for you are not setting your mind on God’s interests, but man’s.””

So in John 13:12 when our Lord asks, “Do you know what I have done for you”, He is saying learn and keep on learning these principles of washing (NIPTO) and bathing (LOUO), confession of sin and salvation.

Now an interesting fact here is that this is our seventh grouping of three actions. As you may know, in Scripture seven is the number of “spiritual perfection”, while three is the number for completeness, that which is solid, real, and substantial and comes to mean “divine perfection”. Combined it means “divinely completed for spiritual perfection”.

But that is not the only thing we take away from these groupings. We also see in analogy the complete picture of Christ’s Work for our Spiritual Perfection.

So let’s take a closer look at these groupings to see what these actions are telling us.

In Verse 1, (Knew His hour had come, Depart out of this world to the Father, Loved His own)

In Verse 3, (Father given Him all things, Come from God, Going back to God)

In Verse 4, (Rose from table, Laid aside garments, Girded Himself with towel)

In Verse 5, (Poured water, Washed feet, Dried feet)

In Verse 6-10, Peter’s three objections, (Don’t wash, Never wash, Wash hands and head)

In Verse 6-10, Christ’s three lessons, (Ignorance and understanding, Our portion with Him, Rebound not salvation)

In Verse 12, (Completed washing, Took garment again, Sat down), or (Took garment, Sat down, Command to learn)

So let’s see the significance of these events based on what we have noted about each and as we do view them also in the order of 1) Blessing(s), 2) Action, and 3) Result(s).

In other words 1) what is the blessing that is in view, 2) what action is performed to acquire the blessing, and 3) what is the end result of the blessing and action.

1) In Verse 1, (the number in Scripture for unity), Jesus Christ (Knew His hour had come, Depart out of this world to the Father, Loved His own).

Here we noted that Jesus had a Personal Sense of Destiny, in the fact that He “knew” the broad-brush strokes of the Plan of God for His life.

a) He came to go to the cross and pay the penalty for our sins.

b) He was going back to be with the Father so His Resurrection, Ascension and Session (R.A.S.) are in view.

c) Finally, He knew of His love for the believer.

So the three facts from verse one are; (Cross, R.A.S., and Love).

2) Then in Verse 3, (the number of divine perfection), we have more of Jesus’ Personal Sense of Destiny in knowing that the (Father given all things into His hands, Come forth out from God, Going back to God).

He recalls the three broad-brush strokes of knowledge as part of His Personal Sense of Destiny:

a) Glorification seated at the right hand of the Father therefore His eternal Session is in view.

b) Came out from God as the God / Man in hypostatic Union to go to the Cross, His incarnation is in view.

c) Going back to God via His Resurrection and Ascension.

So the three facts from verse three are; (Glorification, Incarnation, and Resurrection).

3) Then in Verse 4, (the number for material completeness), we see our Lord moving from thought to action by completing the following, (Rose from supper, Laid aside garments, girded Himself with towel). The number 4 is important because it represents the material matter or our Lord, His humanity. In other word He temporarily laid aside His deity to perform the task solely in His humanity.

This grouping shows us,

a) The power of resurrection.

b) Temporarily putting aside His deity to operate in Hypostatic humanity as a servant.

c) Assumed His priestly position.

So the three facts from verse four are, (Resurrection, Humanity, and High Priest).

4) Then in Verse 5, (the number of Grace), He (Poured water, washed disciples’ feet, and dried feet)

These three continue the action as He demonstrates the Grace provision for the believer post salvation.

a) The washing water used by the Priest is the cross.

b) The Confession of our sins, Rebound, because of the Cross.

c) Our ability to walk clean daily as a result of His resurrection, and our new life.

So the three facts from verse 5 are (Priest washing, Rebound, Walk in Christ).

5) Then in Verses 6-10, (6-man, 7-spiritual perfection, 8-super abundant and new, 9-conclusion of a matter, 10-perfect divine order) we have Peter’s three objections, (Don’t Wash, Never Wash, and give me a bath).

Here we see man, specifically the believer, operating in the flesh objecting to the washing work of our Lord on the Cross. This shows us three errors man makes in regards to Christ’s washing work on the Cross. The three errors are:

a) Ignorance of Bible doctrine.

b) Over zealous and misguided in application.

c) False sincerity, wanting to be saved over and over again.

So we see the three facts of man’s error regarding our Lord’s NIPTO washing, the confession of our sins (ignorance, over zealousness and false sincerity).

6) Also in Verses 6-10, we have Christ’s three lessons, (Ignorance turned understanding, Our portion with Him, and Rebound not salvation).

Here our Lord shows us what we gain by receiving His grace work on our behalf. We receive:

a) Wisdom and understanding where once there was ignorance.

b) Daily fellowship with Him.

c) Daily washing since we are already saved.

So the three benefits for the believer post salvation as a result of our Lord’s work on the Cross includes, (Wisdom, Fellowship, and Daily cleansing).

7) Now we turn to the final three in verse 12, (governmental perfection). Our groupings of three are finalized in this seventh depiction which also tells us of “divine completeness for spiritual perfection”.

Being the twelfth verse doubly puts a completed stamp on the overall picture as being part of God’s perfect government or administration for the believer. Therefore, we take away the significance and importance of the confession of our sins in order to walk daily in fellowship with Him.

Without confession we can not operate inside the Plan of God or inside God’s Power System. Therefore, this message shows us God’s perfect administration for the believer in time. We must confess our sins in order to walk with God on a daily basis.

There are two potential groupings for the final three which I will show you below under 7a and 7b.

7a) In the first potential grouping we see (Completed washing, Put garment back on, Reclined again at the table).

As we have noted, putting His garment back on represents putting on His deified nature once again. Remember that He never lost it nor was it removed, He just did not use it to solve His problems including enduring the Cross. That is what “laying aside” means, He did not use His deity. Likewise, “putting on” means He is operating in deity and humanity once again.

Now reclining at the table represents His Session in heaven seated at the right hand of the Father in Hypostatic Union.

Therefore, this grouping shows the completed work of our Lord’s humanity on the Cross and His current work being performed from heaven as the God / Man. Therefore:

a) The work for daily washing, the Cross, is completed.

b) He resumes His position of Deity as the God / Man, the results of His R.A.S.

c) He is once again seated at the right of God this time in Hypostatic Union as our High Priest Advocate, 1 John 2:1.

So this grouping tells us, (Work completed, Raised as the God / Man, and Seated at the right hand of God as our High Priest Advocate).

7b) Another way to look at the last grouping is to say that the narrative of “and so when he had washed their feet” is setting the stage and the three acts are, (took garments, reclined and said, “do you know what I have done for you” where the word “done” is in the perfect tense.).

This would mean:

a) He resumes His position of Deity as the God / Man, the results of His R.A.S.

b) He is once again seated at the right of God this time in Hypostatic Union as our High Priest Advocate, 1 John 2:1.

c) God is now able to pour out His Doctrine to us and we are to keep learning about the perfectly completed work of our Lord.

So the message would be, (Raised as the God / Man, Seated at the right hand of God as our advocate, and Keep learning the doctrine poured out to us about His completed work).

Interestingly, verses 2 and 11 are not included in our groupings of 3, why?

In verse 2 we have two characters mentioned, the Devil and Judas. In the Bible two is the number of division, so we see the intention of Satan and Judas, in their betrayal, to separate out Jesus from mankind, to stop His gracious priestly work upon the Cross.

Secondly, in verse 11 we have the number of disorder, disorganization, imperfection and disintegration. By no coincidence is verse 11 the second mention of Judas’ betrayal and fact that “not all of you are clean”.

Our Lord recognizes that not all members of the human race will accept His saving work for salvation. As a result they will not be able to utilize that same work for the daily cleansing through the confession of their sins post salvation that is necessary to “walk in he Light as He Himself is in the Light.” Not everyone will be able to live in the daily portion that God has for them.

Seven Groups of Three – John 13:1-12

1) Verse 1, (Unity), (Cross, R.A.S., Love).

a) He came to go to the cross and pay the penalty for our sins.

b) He also knew that He was going back to be with the Father so His Resurrection, Ascension and Session (R.A.S.) are in view.

c) He had love for the believer.

2) Verse 3, (Divine Perfection), (Glorification, Incarnation, Resurrection).

a) Glorification seated at the right hand of the Father therefore His Session is in view.

b) Came out from God as the God / Man in hypostatic Union to go to the Cross, Incarnation is in view.

c) His Resurrection and Ascension.

3) Verse 4, (Material Completeness), (Resurrection, Human, Priest).

a) The power of resurrection.

b) Putting aside His deity to operate in Hypostatic humanity as a servant.

c) Assumed His priestly position.

4) Verse 5, (Grace), (Priest washing, Rebound, Walk in Christ).

a) The washing water used by the Priest is the cross.

b) The Confession of our sins, Rebound, because of the Cross

c) Our ability to walk clean daily as a result of His resurrection, and our new life.

Verses 6-10, (6-Man, 7-Spiritual Perfection, 8-Super Abundant and New, 9-Conclusion of a Matter, 10-Perfect Divine Order)

5) Verse 6-10, Peter, (Ignorance, Over zealousness and False sincerity).

a) Ignorant of Bible doctrine

b) Over zealous and misguided in application

c) False sincerity: wanting to be saved again.

6) Verse 6-10, Jesus, (Wisdom, Fellowship, Daily Cleansing).

a) Wisdom and understanding where once there was ignorance

b) Daily Fellowship with Him

c) The Grace provision of daily washing since we are already saved.

7) Verse 12, (Governmental Perfection),

(Work completed, Raised as the God / Man, Seated at the right hand of God as our High Priest Advocate).

a) The work for daily washing, the Cross, is completed.

b) He resumes His position of Deity as the God / Man.

c) He is once again seated at the right of God this time in Hypostatic Union as our High Priest Advocate, 1 John 2:1.

or,

(Raised as the God / Man, Seated at the right hand of God as our High Priest Advocate, Keep learning about His completed work).

a) He resumes His position of Deity as the God / Man.

b) He is once again seated at the right of God this time in Hypostatic Union as our High Priest Advocate, 1 John 2:1.

c) God is now able to pour our His Doctrine to us and we are to keep learning about the perfectly completed work of our Lord.

In conclusion the message is:

John 13:1, “He came to go to the cross and pay the penalty for our sins, knowing that He was going back to be with the Father by means of His Resurrection, Ascension and Session (R.A.S.), because He loved us, (only believers are in view here). 3He is glorified from eternity past seated at the right hand of the Father in session as a result of His incarnation as the God / Man in Hypostatic Union who would go to the Cross, be raised, (on the third day), and ascend to heaven to be with God forever. 4The power that raised Him will also raise mankind because He put aside His deity and operated humbly in His humanity the servant High Priest. 5The washing water used by the Priest is the Cross which provides for the confession of our sins, (rebound), giving us the ability to daily walk clean in Him because of His resurrection, and our new life. 6-10In wrong application man shows his ignorance of Bible doctrine, over zealousness leading to misguided application, and displays a false sincerity desiring to be saved repeatedly. 6-10In Jesus, there is wisdom and understanding where once there was ignorance, daily fellowship with Him, because of the grace provision of daily washing post salvation. 12The work for daily washing (the Cross), is completed once and for all. Therefore, Christ resumed His position (emphasizing His deity) as the God / Man and is seated at the right of God in Hypostatic Union as our High Priest Advocate.

Alternate ending:

12Christ resumed His position (emphasizing His deity) as the God / Man and is seated at the right of God in Hypostatic Union as our High Priest Advocate. Now God is able to pour out His doctrine on us and we are commanded to keep learning about and applying the completed work of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.

All of this speaks to God’s perfect Plan for the administration of the believer’s life during the Church Age so that we can achieve daily Spiritual Perfection to the glory of God.