Chapter 13 Outline:
Vs 1, The Love of Jesus Christ.
Vs 2, 18, 21-30, Demon influence and possession
Vs 3, Personal Sense of Destiny – Plan of God – Dominion, Advent, Seated at the Right hand of the Father
Vs. 4, Priestly, humble servant hood of Jesus Christ – Preparation for service
Vs. 5, Humility for service
Vs. 6-7, Peter’s Objection due to Ignorance. The Doctrine of GAP
Vs. 8-11, Peter’s misguided zeal and our Lord’s Response. Washing of the feet, not salvation cleansing but experiential sanctification. He shows them the Rebound technique. 1 John 1:9
John 13:8, Peter’s misguided zeal
Verse 8, “Peter said* to Him, “Never shall You wash my feet!” Jesus answered him, “If I do not wash you, you have no part with Me”.”
This is another case of Peter’s thoughtless speech as also noted in Mark 8:32 and 9:5.
Mark 8:31, “And He began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again. 32And He was stating the matter plainly. And Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Him. 33But turning around and seeing His disciples, He rebuked Peter and said, “Get behind Me, Satan; for you are not setting your mind on God’s interests, but man’s.””
Mark 9:4, “Elijah appeared to them along with Moses; and they were talking with Jesus. 5Peter said* to Jesus, “Rabbi, it is good for us to be here; let us make three tabernacles, one for You, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah.” 6For he did not know (OUK OIDA) what to answer; for they became terrified.”
In John 13:8 the interjection, “never” is a double negative in the Greek OUK and ME. Combining to form an absolute negation.
It is linked with our word for ceremonial washing or hand/feet washing NIPTO in the Aorist Active Subjunctive. The aorist plus the double negative is as strong as you can get.
NIPTO does not mean a bath in regards to salvation as noted previously, but emphasizes the washing of moment by moment confession of sins, rebounding, 1 John 1:9.
The principle here is that if Peter refuses our Lord’s washing of his feet he will remain at the table with dirty feet. This is like trying to serve the Lord while you are out of fellowship, or like trying to GAP it while you are out of fellowship. When you are out of fellowship you can only produce human good at best, and cannot produce anything on the basis of Bible doctrine. That is the object lesson our Lord is teaching. This is not a salvation lesson, it is not a lesson of positional sanctification. It is a lesson of the confession of your sins, it is a lesson of experiential sanctification.
In Jesus’ reply He counters Peter’s objection using Peter’s own words by saying “if I do not (ME) wash your feet, you have no (OUK) part with Me.”
Jesus answers him with a third class conditional if, maybe yes, maybe no, by combining EAN and the Aorist Active Subjunctive of NIPTO showing that Peter does have volition. He can decide whether to allow the Lord to wash His feet or not, just as you and I decide to use the rebound technique or not.
The word for “part” is MEROS, which means (to receive one’s portion); a part, share, portion. It can mean a business, partnership, or function. The principle He is emphasizing is that rebound precedes the correct function of GAP.
Without the confession of your sins you cannot walk in the righteousness of God. You will not be in fellowship with the God the Holy Spirit and can not produce the Fruit of the Spirit, divine good production, 1 John 1:5-10; Eph 5:6-18; Gal 5:13-26.
1 John 1:5-10, “This is the message we have heard from Him and announce to you, that God is Light, and in Him there is no darkness at all. 6If we say that we have fellowship with Him and yet walk in the darkness, we lie and do not practice the truth; 7but if we walk (cleansing of the feet) in the Light as He Himself is in the Light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus His Son cleanses us from all sin. 8If we say that we have no sin, we are deceiving ourselves and the truth is not in us. 9If we confess our sins, He is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse (wash our feet) us from all unrighteousness. 10If we say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar and His word is not in us.”
The word cleanse here is KATHARIZO. Joseph Thayer defines it as:
1a) To make clean, cleanse from physical stains and dirt; of utensils, food of a leper, to cleanse by curing and to remove by cleansing.
1b) In a moral sense to free from defilement of sin and from faults; to purify from wickedness; to free from guilt of sin; to purify to consecrate by cleansing or purifying; to consecrate, dedicate
2) To pronounce clean in a levitical sense
Eph 5:6-18, “Let no one deceive you with empty words, for because of these things the wrath of God comes upon the sons of disobedience. 7Therefore do not be partakers with them; 8for you were formerly darkness, but now you are Light in the Lord; walk (cleansing of the feet) as children of Light 9(for the fruit of the Light consists in all goodness and righteousness and truth), 10trying to learn what is pleasing to the Lord. 11Do not participate in the unfruitful deeds of darkness (human good production), but instead even expose them; 12for it is disgraceful even to speak of the things which are done by them in secret. 13But all things become visible when they are exposed by the light, for everything that becomes visible is light. 14For this reason it says, “Awake, sleeper, and arise from the dead, and Christ will shine on you.” 15Therefore be careful how you walk, not as unwise men but as wise (with clean feet plus the GAP), 16making the most of your time, because the days are evil. 17So then do not be foolish, but understand what the will of the Lord is. 18And do not get drunk with wine (a category of sin), for that is dissipation (a wasteful life style), but be filled with the Spirit.”
Gal 5:13-26, “For you were called to freedom, brethren; only do not turn your freedom into an opportunity for the flesh, but through love serve one another. 14For the whole Law is fulfilled in one word, in the statement, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” 15But if you bite and devour one another (a category of sin), take care that you are not consumed by one another. 16But I say, walk (cleansing of the feet) by the Spirit, and you will not carry out the desire of the flesh. 17For the flesh sets its desire against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; for these are in opposition to one another, so that you may not do the things that you please. 18But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the Law. 19Now the deeds of the flesh are evident, which are: immorality, impurity, sensuality, 20idolatry, sorcery, enmities, strife, jealousy, outbursts of anger, disputes, dissensions, factions, 21envying, drunkenness, carousing, and things like these (many categories of sin), of which I forewarn you, just as I have forewarned you, that those who practice such things will not inherit the kingdom of God. 22But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law. 24Now those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires. 25If we live by the Spirit, let us also walk by the Spirit. 26Let us not become boastful, challenging one another, envying one another.”
One of the problems Peter is having in John 13 is that he is too hyped up about His faith. He is being over zealous in his mind and actions. Instead of being patient and waiting on the timing of the Lord, he always seems to jump into action without thought or knowledge.
So the principle is “think before you leap”. Having the mind of Christ resident and cycling throughout your soul through the Grace Apparatus for Perception will lead you to making good decision and performing righteous actions, the fruit of the Spirit, with the results of glorifying God.
That is the secret to not being over zealous for the Lord and ending up failing in the Plan of God.
Being over zealous was the problem with Peter early on and Israel as a whole, as noted in Romans 10:2.
Zeal without knowledge is a dangerous and lethal combination.
For the unbeliever it leads to arrogance and persistent unbelief with no positional sanctification resulting in the Eternal Lake of Fire due to rejection of Christ’s efficacious work on the Cross.
For the believer it leads to failure in executing the Plan of God for their life, no experiential sanctification, loss of rewards in the eternal state and inadequacy to glorify God.
When we are over zealous it inevitably leads to error and mistake and can result in reversionism and complete apostasy. Why, because in zeal you are acting on your emotions and feelings instead of the Word of God resident in your soul.
This was the error of Peter at this time. He wanted to do something for the Lord instead of receiving what the Lord had done for Him. Receiving what God has done for you is the key to glorification of God and producing divine good.
When Jesus states, “you have no part with me”, He is referring to walking in the Light as He himself in the Light and sharing all that the Light has for us in time and eternity. This means no experiential sanctification because we are talking about a NIPTO washing verses a LOUO washing as Jesus clarifies in verse 10.
“Christ’s words to Peter in v. 8 are important: “If I do not wash you, you have no part [communion] with Me” (NKJV). There is a difference between union and communion. Peter was in union with Christ as one of “His own” through faith, but sin can break our communion with the Lord. There is a difference between sonship and fellowship. Only as we allow Christ to cleanse us can we remain in fellowship with Him and enjoy His presence and power.” Warren Weirsbe
As we will see in verse 10, he who has been bathed by the Lord, through His Word and Baptism of the Spirit, (John 15:3; Titus 3:5; Eph 5:26), needs only to wash himself day by day from the filth and defilement (sin) which he might have accumulated by his contact with the world.
Then in verse 9 we see Peter’s third statement of over zealous ignorance when he says, John 13:9, “Lord, then wash not only my feet, but also my hands and my head.”
This is a case of sincerity plus ignorance. The sincerity is shown in Peter’s address of Jesus as Lord. Peter finally realizes that He wants what the Lord has to offer him but does not understand what is being offered to him at this time. Therefore, he has no capacity to receive what God desires to give him, at this time.
When our Lord stated in verse 8 that if He did not wash Peter’s feet Peter would have “no part with Him”, Peter thought, due to ignorance, our Lord was speaking about Peter’s eternal portion or position when if fact He was not.
Peter doesn’t need a bath, analogous for salvation / eternal life / positional sanctification, as our Lord will point out in the next verse. Peter has already achieved that in faith of Jesus Christ as his Savior. Peter even used the correct term to indicate this by addressing Christ as Lord. But Peter is not using the Word resident in his soul. He is letting his emotions run wild. So Peter continues to demonstrate his error of over zealousness.
The lesson our Lord is teaching here is that it is Peter’s feet that touched the filth of the streets as he was coming to the upper room. And it is only his feet that need to be washed and to be cleansed.
When our soul comes in contact with our Sin Nature, it picks up the filth of the Sin Nature that needs to be cleaned off.
The issue is not salvation, it is what comes after salvation, the cleansing of daily sins through rebound so that we “walk in the Light as Jesus Himself is in the Light”, 1 John 1:7.
What Peter wanted to do is take a second bath, and that is like doubting your salvation.
Many times even though Christians have accepted Christ as their savior they continue to respond to the call of the evangelist to come forward and commit or recommit their lives to Christ. First of all we can’t commit anything to Christ. Christ has done all the work and we need to receive God’s saving grace work for our salvation.
In addition, many are burdened by a system of works, or giving, or attendance to a church thinking they need to maintain their salvation or ensure their salvation through their works. This too is heresy. There is nothing we can do to save ourselves or ensure our salvation other than the one time none meritorious act of faith in the Person and work of the Lord Jesus Christ upon the Cross for the forgiveness of our sins. Eph 2:8-9
Peter was sincere but let his emotions get the better of him in over zealousness. That coupled with ignorance of the Word of God became a destructive force in his life at this time where he was unknowingly refusing the efficacious work of our Lord. Unknowingly refusing his daily portion with our Lord. And unknowingly refusing his experiential sanctification.
Seeing Peter’s reaction here is their little doubt as to why later that night he denied the Lord three times? You see emotion can only carry you so far. But the Word of God resident within your soul is power and strength everlasting.
Rom 1:16, “For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.” w/ 1 Cor 1:18
1 Cor 2:5, “So that your faith would not rest on the wisdom of men, but on the power of God.” w/ 1 Peter 1:5; Isa 40:31
Then we see our Lord’s response in verse 10, “Jesus said to him, “He who has bathed needs only to wash his feet, but is completely clean; …..”
As we noted previously in the statement by Warren Weirsbe, there is a difference between Union and Communion, so in Jesus’ foot washing analogy He is distinguishing between regeneration and rebound.
The words He purposefully chose to convey this difference make it clear.
“He who has bathed” is the Perfect tense, Passive voice, Participle of LOUO, which means to wash the entire body, or to take a bath.
The Perfect tense indicates that once saved, always saved.
The Passive voice tells us the believer receives salvation. He receives the bath, as it were, at the point of salvation.
The Participle sets up a concept in which the entire body is washed once. “He who has been bathed.”
The principle that we have seen before is, we are saved once yet need to rebound many times.
So LOUO is used as the illustration of salvation while NIPTO is used for rebound. Sin and carnality do not mean that a believer must be saved again.
This is the first mention of LOUO in the New Testament and draws it’s meaning here. The same meaning of bathing for salvation is also found in Acts 16:33 and Heb 10:22.
Acts 16:31, “They said, “Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved, you and your household.” 32And they spoke the word of the Lord to him together with all who were in his house. 33And he took them that very hour of the night and washed their wounds, and immediately he was baptized, he and all his household. 34And he brought them into his house and set food before them, and rejoiced greatly, having believed in God with his whole household.”
The Jailer’s act of washing Paul and Silas’ wounds was symbolic of his own salvation through faith in the Lord Jesus Christ.
Likewise in Heb 10:22, “Let us draw near with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.”
Hebrews 10:22 puts it in a matter of fact statement through the use of the Perfect tense for both “sprinkled” (RHANTIZO) and “washed” (LOUO). Our bodies were washed clean once and for all time at the moment of salvation. Therefore we don’t require another bathing.
Back in John 13:10, the phrase “needs only to” is literally, does not have a need.
Then missing in the NASB translation but in the KJV is the Greek words EI plus the negative ME which combine to mean “except.” The NASB puts this sentence in the positive even though the Greek uses two negatives to express the reality.
“He who has bathed needs only to wash his feet”, verses “He who has bathed does not have need to bath except his feet be washed.”
Then we have “to wash” which is the Aorist Tense, Middle Voice, Infinitive of NIPTO, which means to wash the extremities, i.e. the feet.
The Aorist tense is a Constative Aorist that gathers into one entirety our NIPTOing every time rebound is necessary. It places the stress on the fact of occurrence, not its nature.
The Middle voice benefits the subject. This is a reflexive middle and indicates that every believer priest must rebound for himself, and therefore is benefited.
The Infinitive expresses purpose, Rebound is part of the Plan of God.
Then we have “the feet” PODAS, which tells us there is no fellowship when the believer is defiled by sin. You cannot walk (or at the Last Supper eat) with God, while having dirty feet.
“But is completely clean” is ALLA EIMI HOLOS KATHAROS.
“Is” or EIMI in the Present, Active, Indicative and the word HOLOS means all, whole, complete or all over, while KATHAROS means pure, clean or innocent.
So we are to be assured of our eternal security through the bathing we received at the moment of our salvation which our Lord doubly emphasizes with the next phrase “and you are clean”.
This phrase is in the Present, Indicative of EIMI (ESTE) plus KATHAROS. It is an instantaneous Present, which means the action is completed at the moment of Christ speaking these words. In other words “you keep on being clean”. That is eternal salvation. So we could say “and you remain clean”.
“But not all of you“, is the Greek phrase ALLA OUK PANTES.
ALLA means but, rather, on the contrary.
OUK is our Greek negative, which identifies that some in the room are NOT saved.
PAS meaning every or all is a nominative pronominal adjective acting like a pronoun, therefore “of you” is added to address the entire group in the room.
Remember that this is not a picture of salvation. It is a picture of ceremonial washing for the cleansing of the filth we pick up during our day. It is a picture of the washing away of the believers daily sins, 1 John 1:9.
Yet in this message there is one exception and this refers to Judas Iscariot.
This message is not intended for him but as we will see indirectly it has purpose. In the analogy, the others came with dirty feet but Judas came without a bath. In other words, Judas is unsaved and therefore this particular message and all the messages in the Upper Room Discourse are not pertinent to Judas at all. Nor are they pertinent to the unbeliever.
Another point that is made here is that salvation is not a result of blessing by association. You can not be saved, and are not saved, just because you hang out with Christians or the fact that your family and friends are saved. As we noted in Acts 16:31-34 saying to the jailer “you and your family” was not a blessing by association passage. It was a simple prophecy that all in his family would hear the gospel message and believe, which they did.
So here too we see that it is a personal and individual decision and responsibility to believe in the Lord Jesus Christ as your savior for your very own salvation. No one else can do it for you. John 3:16; 36
Also, as we noted in the beginning of this chapter, Jesus was publicly acknowledging what He already knew, that one of them, Judas Iscariot, was an unbeliever.
Here we have a person who spent the past three years in the presence of the Lord day and night yet never came to accept Him as his savior.
Jesus knew that Judas never believed in Him and that he was filled with Satan’s Cosmic System thinking and was under demonic influence, John 13:2. His unbelief and demonic influence would eventually lead him to betray our Lord. As we will see in verse 27, Judas’ final betrayal is carried out under demon possession by Satan himself. That is the potential downward spiral of the unbeliever.
That’s why verse 11 says, “For He knew the one who was betraying Him; for this reason He said, “Not all of you are clean.””
Not everyone has taken a bath (LOUO) for salvation and become clean, therefore not everyone will receive the benefits from this type of washing (NIPTO).
“Knew” is the Greek verb in the Pluperfect, Active, Indicative of OIDA. The pluperfect of OIDA is used as an imperfect (in the English, the past perfect) to indicate that Jesus always knew that Judas Iscariot was and would remain an unbeliever.
“Who was betraying” is the Present, Active, Participle of PARADIDOMIA. It means to hand over, to give or deliver over, or to betray. This is a futuristic present tense meaning the betrayal hasn’t occurred yet, but He knows that it will.
“For this reason”, DIA HOUTOS, is literally because of this, meaning because of this knowledge Jesus did something or in this case said something. Principle: knowledge is power that leads to action, doing or saying a right thing in a right way.
“He said, ‘not all of you are clean'” is LEGO HOTI (that) OUK PAS KATHAROS EIMI meaning, “He said that not all are clean”. This again refers to Judas Iscariot as an unbeliever. Judas never came to the saving knowledge of Jesus Christ as the Messiah.
Our Lord repeats this message a third time in verse 18 making is completely understood that not everyone in the room was a believer.
The interesting fact here about Judas is that the last message he received in this Upper Room was that of the washing away of sins by our Lord. Even though the application is the forgiven of sins for the believer post salvation, the basis for this NIPTO cleansing is the same as that for the unbeliever’s LOUO salvation bathing, the Cross at Calvary.
So in grace our Lord gives Judas one last chance for salvation even though He knows Judas’ hard heart. That is a good lesson for us all. Never make up your mind about someone’s faith. Always continue to present the gospel and let God take it from there.
In addition, our Lord does not go on with the rest of the Upper Room Discourse until after Judas is dismissed. Why? Because Bible doctrine teaching is not for the unbeliever.
The only issue for the unbeliever is that portion of doctrine called the gospel, which is made up of Christology, Soteriology and some Hamartiology.
Here our Lord completed the discussion on those topics and is going to reveal some new principles regarding the Mystery Doctrine of the Church. Therefore, Judas need not be present.
Nevertheless, the main point of John 13 is not salvation but the washing of the soul of the believer who has sinned post salvation.
As a result of NIPTO washing we have a daily part / portion with Jesus Christ, vs 8, and “walk in the Light as He himself is in the Light”, 1 John 1:5-7.