Upper Room Discourse, Part 5

Upper Room Discourse Part 5 John 13 vs 7Chapter 13 Outline:

Thus far we have:

Vs 1, The Love of Jesus Christ

Vs 2, 18, 21-30, Demon influence and possession

Vs 3, Personal Sense of Destiny – Plan of God – Dominion, Advent, Seated at the Right hand of the Father

Vs. 4, Priestly, humble servant hood of Jesus Christ – Preparation for service

Vs. 5, Humility for service

Vs. 6-7, Peter’s Objection Due to Ignorance. Doctrine of Ignorance. The Doctrine of GAP

  • John 13:6 – Peter’s Objection:

Verse 6, “So He came* to Simon Peter. He (Peter) said* to Him (Jesus), “Lord, do You wash my feet?””

The Lesson of Rebound begins with Peter objecting to the Lord’s washing of His feet. It’s funny how whenever the Lord needed to drive home a point, Peter was there with his mouth open.

On the surface, it looks like an honorable act to not let the Lord do such a menial task when someone else should have already washed their feet. Peter was a very noble, impetuous type of person. When he opened his mouth, he always made the right noises from the human point of view. Nevertheless, our Lord utilized his objection to give us the great lesson of Rebound, the confession of our sins.

“And so He came” is the conjunction OUN – οὖν (oon), meaning, “therefore, then, or (and) so,” plus the Present, Middle Deponent, Indicative of ERCHOMAI – ἔρχομαι (er’-khom-ahee), meaning, “to come.”

The Middle Deponent acts like the Active Voice. Jesus produced the action of the verb but was led to do so, because of His Personal Sense of Destiny. This too is an asterisk verb in the NASB translation, because it’s a Present Tense in the Greek, but translated as Past Tense in the English.

“To Simon Peter” is PROS – πρός (pros), plus the Direct Object Accusative SIMON PETROS –  Σίμων (see’-mone) Πέτρος (pet’-ros) that means, “face to face with Simon Peter.” PETROS literally means, “a rock.” This was the nickname given to Simon, (Mat 4:18, as was Cephas with a similar meaning), which our Lord used to distinguish between Himself as the PETRAπέτρα (pet’-ra), which means, “large rock or boulder,” which the Church would be built on, (Mat 16:18), and Peter, PETROS, a small or piece of a rock, which indicated a faith based Church. You see PETROS comes from PETRA. It’s a piece of the PETRA and Jesus Christ is the PETRA that the Church is built.

“He said to Him, Lord” is the Present, Active, Indicated of LEGO – λέγω (leg’-o) = (to say) plus the Dative Pronoun AUTOS – αὐτός (ow-tos’) = (to Him), plus the Vocative of address KURIOS – κύριος (koo’-ree-os) = (Lord).

When Peter addressed Jesus as Lord, he was acknowledging the Deity of God-man in Hypostatic Union, the Lord Jesus Christ. He acknowledges the authority of the One, High Priest, who was taking the place of a servant.

“Do you wash my feet” is the emphatic subject Nominative Pronoun SUσύ (soo) = (you), plus the possessive Genitive Pronoun MOU – μου (m-oo’) (of me, my), plus the Present, Active, Indicative NIPTOνίπτω (nip’-to) = (to wash), plus the object Accusative TOUS – τοὺς (tous) = (the), with the Accusative PODAS – πούς (pooce) = (foot or feet). This is transliterated as, “you of me wash the feet,” but comes to mean, “do you wash my feet?”

With this statement, you can almost see Peter pulling his feet back as he says this. Showing how we all from time to time pull back from the ministry of God working in our lives, because we think we know better.  Peter’s statement also shows the stupidity and fallibility of sincere people. Stupid, because they don’t know Bible Doctrine. Fallible, because they don’t know how to do a right thing in a right way.

Sincerity is not a part of the Christian way of life, it is a facade of human viewpoint, and there is no virtue in human viewpoint. The Word of God resident within your soul produces something far greater than the hypocrisy of sincerity. It produces the virtue of God in you.

So, we see that Peter is very sincere, he wants to do the right thing. However again, sincerity is no substitute for the knowledge of Bible doctrine from the Grace Apparatus for Perception (GAP).   Sincerity is no substitute for Bible doctrine in the right lobe of your soul, for the Edification Complex of your Soul (ECS), or for the discernment that comes with the super-grace life, spiritual maturity. Sincerity never accomplishes the will of God.

Principle: Sometimes it’s better to keep quite than to be overly zealous, especially when something dramatic is occurring. Let the picture unfold before jumping to conclusions. You just might learn something.

  • John 13:7a – Ignorance

Verse 7, “Jesus answered and said to him, “What I do you do not realize now, but you will understand hereafter.””

This is as if our Lord had said, “Permit me to do it now, and I will shortly explain to you the nature of this action, and my motives for doing it.”

The phrase “Jesus answered,” is ISESOUSἸησοῦς (ee-ay-sooce’), plus the verb in the Aorist, Passive Deponent, Indicative Mood of APOKRINOMAI –  ἀποκρίνομαι (ap-ok-ree’-nom-ahee), which is from APO – ἀπό (apo’), meaning, “away from,” and KRINOκρίνω (kree’-no), meaning, “to judge or to decide.”

So APOKRINOMAI comes to mean, “to begin to speak where an address is expected, to answer, reply, or respond.”

The Passive Deponent acts like the Active, and tells us that Jesus answered.

The Third Person tells us Jesus answered Peter’s question.

This is linked to KAI – καί (kahee), LEGO –  λέγω (leg’-o), AUTO – αὐτό (ow-tos’) meaning, “and said to him.”  So, this is Jesus’ retort due to Peter’s ignorant question.

The next phrase is literally, “What I do you do not know now.”

It begins with the Pronominal Relative Adjective of HOSὅς (hos) meaning, “what.” Followed by Pronoun EGOἐγώ (eg-o’) meaning, “I.”

Then we have the Present, Active, Indicative of POIEO –  ποιέω (poy-eh’-o), meaning, “to make or do.” This is a Dramatic Present telling us that this only happened once and would never be repeated. Jesus washed their feet once, just as He paid the penalty for our sins only once upon the Cross, and we only need to confess each sin we commit post salvation only once for the cleansing of our soul.

Rom 6:10, “For the death that He died, He died to sin once for all; but the life that He lives, He lives to God.”

Then we have SU – σύ (soo), OUK – οὐκ (ook), OIDA – Οἶδα (oi’-dä), ARTI –  ἄρτι (ar’-tee), literally meaning, “you not know now.” The Perfect, Active, Indicative of OIDA, “to know or perceive,” has a Present force so it comes to mean, “you do not understand.”

This type of Perfect Tense has little distinction between the act and the results. Coupled with the negative OUK means that they, “did not learn in the past” and “still don’t understand” what Jesus is doing. Linked with adverb ARTI it means, “you do not understand now or at the present time.” So, the point here is that even though Jesus is about to wash their feet and will later on tell the disciples to go out and do some foot-washing on their own, He doesn’t mean literal feet. What it means is that because of past failure to learn Bible Doctrine, at this time they don’t understand it. They are ignorant to what is going on. But as our Lord states next, they will in the future via GAP (Grace Apparatus for Perception), once the Holy Spirit is given.

The Doctrine of Ignorance

In this passage, we see a group of believers who are ignorant to our Lord’s teachings.

John 13:7, “Jesus answered and said to him (Peter), “What I do you do not realize now, but you will understand hereafter.”

Ignorance is a potential for all of mankind whether a believer or unbeliever. Rom 10:3 addresses the ignorance of the legalistic unbeliever.

Rom 10:3, “For not knowing about God’s righteousness and seeking to establish their own, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God.”

From Romans 10:3, we see three things Paul refers to regarding Israel’s relationship to righteousness.

  • They did not know God’s righteousness.
  • They sought to establish their own righteousness.
  • They did not submit to God’s righteousness.

Isn’t it interesting that we see those same three aspects rattling in the mind of Peter during this Passover Super? So, the fact is that ignorance is still ignorance regardless of your spiritual status.

In John 13:7, the Greek for ignorance is OUK OIDA, in Romans 10:3 it is AGNOEO.

γνοέω agnoeó (ag-no-eh’-o); is from “A” (as a prefect negative) and “GINOSKO”  γινώσκω (ghin-oce’-ko); in the Present, Active, Participle, which means, “to be ignorant, not to know, have no knowledge, not to understand, unknown, to err or sin through mistake, or to be wrong.”

What was it that they were ignorant of? They were ignorant of God’s grace plan that would give them His righteousness.   Israel and Peter were ignorant of the righteousness that comes from God, and instead, they were seeking/demanding/striving for their own righteousness from the works they were performing under the Law.  They were striving to make their own righteousness stand up under the scrutiny of God’s justice. They were placing their own righteousness on the scales of God’s justice, demanding that their own righteousness outweigh their sins, thereby, gaining God’s acceptance.

The third point is that “they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God.” They did not voluntarily place themselves under or obey God’s Plan and provisions for their righteousness.

So, putting it all together we note that:

Israel and Peter were ignorant of the righteousness that comes from God, and instead, were seeking / demanding / striving for their own righteousness from the works they were performing under the Law. They were striving to make their own righteousness stand up under the scrutiny of God’s justice. But they did not voluntarily place themselves under or obey God’s plan and provisions for their righteousness.

Remember that what the righteousness of God demands, His justice satisfies. You see sinful man cannot satisfy the demands of God’s righteousness. There is nothing we can do to pay for or overcome our sins, either for bathing at salvation or cleansing post-salvation. Only God can satisfy His own perfect righteous demands. God’s perfect justice fulfilled His perfect righteous demands through the efficacious sacrifice of our Lord Jesus Christ upon the Cross. This is the great tragedy of Israel, all unbelievers and believers who do not claim the promises of God. They look to themselves to save and/or cleanse themselves, instead of receiving the gracious work of our Lord. Israel is ignorant to God’s grace plan of salvation and believers of His grace plan for cleansing. They are ignorant of the fact that only God’s perfect justice can stand up under the intense scrutiny of His perfect righteousness.

So, let us understand more about this thing called ignorance.


Definition from Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, Tenth Edition: Ignorance means, “the state or fact of being ignorant.” Therefore, we need to understand the word “ignorant.”

Ignorant means:

1) Destitute of knowledge or education, lacking knowledge or comprehension of the thing specified.

2) Resulting from or showing a lack of knowledge or intelligence, unaware, and uninformed.

3) It may imply a general condition or it may apply to a lack of knowledge or awareness of a particular thing.

4) It can be applied to illiterate, unlettered, untutored, and unlearned, which means not having knowledge.

  • Illiterate applies to either an absolute or a relative inability to read and write.
  • Unlettered implies ignorance of the knowledge gained by reading.
  • Untutored implies lack of schooling in the arts and ways of civilization.
  • Unlearned suggests ignorance of advanced subjects.

From these definitions, we can see Israel’s, the unbeliever’s, and the immature believer’s ignorance.

Illiterate – Although many of the common citizens of the time may not have been able to read or write, the Pharisees, Scribes, and Sadducees could. They were highly educated people. With their education, they were responsible to teach the commoners what the Bible had to say about the Messiah. So, illiteracy is not the reason here for their ignorance. Some of the Apostles may have been illiterate, but the Lord was not, and He taught them His Word day and night for 3 years. So, although some may have been illiterate, they still received the Word.

Unlettered – This implies the ability to read, but due to various reasons, information is ignored and is not read or comprehended. Therefore, the knowledge available from reading is not gained. In the first sense, this is not an excuse for the Pharisees, because they did read the Bible constantly. Their problem was faith. They did not mix what they read with faith to receive the true and full knowledge found in the Word of God. So, in this sense, they were unlettered, not because they did not read, but because they did not understand what they read due to a lack of faith. This also applies to the immature believer like Peter who had knowledge [GNOSIS – γνῶσις (gno’-sis) doctrine] but did not have wisdom [EPIGNOSIS –  ἐπίγνωσις (ep-ig’-no-sis) doctrine]. For the commoner of the times of our Lord, they most likely did not read their Bible nor mix in faith. Therefore, they were unlettered in both senses of the word. They did not know what the Bible truly said.

Untutored – Again this is no excuse for the Pharisees, Scribes, or Sadducees, because they received much schooling in the Law. They had opportunity to see the truth, but due to a lack of faith, they did not see the truth. As for the commoners, they were unschooled academically but received teaching from the Pharisees. Unfortunately, the teaching they received regarding the Law was false teaching. Nevertheless, even in a system of false teaching, there is some truth between the lines. If anyone has true faith, they will see through the inaccuracies, see the truth, and seek out more truth in faith. As for the immature like Peter, he might have learned certain things but did not know how to apply them in his life. On the other hand, the information may have been presented, but for some reason, not absorbed due to some form of distraction. Therefore, He did not understand the reason for our Lord washing His feet.

Gal 3:23, “But before faith came, we were kept in custody under the law, being shut up (closed in) to the faith which was later to be revealed. 24Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, so that we may be justified by faith. 25But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor (the Law).”

Unlearned – This is the ignorance most reflective of all unbelievers. The Word of God is an advanced subject. It is the Divine thinking of our Lord Jesus Christ. It takes Divine teaching by God the Holy Spirit for us to receive Divine understanding. Everyone who desires to know the truth will receive the truth through the teaching ministry of the Spirit. Those who do not desire to know the truth will be unlearned regarding God’s Word. In the case of the immature believer, as was Peter’s case, they do not apply the Word they have learned, and instead use their human intellect. Human intellect cannot comprehend the wisdom of God; therefore, Peter did not understand at this time what our Lord was doing or why.

1 Cor 2:14-16, “But a natural man does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him; and he cannot understand them, because they are spiritually appraised. 15But he who is spiritual appraises all things, yet he himself is appraised by no one. 16For who has known the mind of the Lord, that he will instruct Him? But we have the mind of Christ.”

Rom 1:19-22, “Because that which is known about God is evident within them; for God made it evident to them. 20For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse. 21For even though they knew God, they did not honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became futile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened. 22Professing to be wise, they became fools.”

Acts 13:26-28, “Brethren, sons of Abraham’s family, and those among you who fear God, to us the message of this salvation has been sent. 27For those who live in Jerusalem, and their rulers, recognizing neither Him nor the utterances of the prophets which are read every Sabbath, fulfilled these by condemning Him28And though they found no ground for putting Him to death, they asked Pilate that He be executed.”

From the Wikipedia Encyclopedia

1) Ignorance is a lack of knowledge. Ignorance is also the state of being ignorant or uninformed. For example, “Bill lost the debate, because he was ignorant of that subject.” In such a case, the term is not pejorative (demeaning), and may even be used as a self-descriptive term, as in, “I am ignorant of English history.”

2) Ignorance is also the choice to not act or behave in accordance with regard to certain information, in order to suit one’s own needs or beliefs. For example, “I know better, but I choose to ignore that and act in a way that behooves me.”

Here again we see the ignorance of the unbeliever, especially those who read the Law or Bible, but twist its words to accomplish their desires. Likewise, the reversionistic believer will choose not to abide by what is found in the New Testament for living the spiritual life.

3) Ignorance is often misinterpreted as a synonym of stupidity, and is as thus often taken as an insult, when really it is in its correct form, not an insult at all but a criticism.

The English word “ignorant” comes from two Latin words: IN, meaning, “not,” and GNARUS, meaning, “knowing.” Just as the Greek AGNOEO. Therefore, ignorance is lack of knowledge about a thing that is capable of knowing.

A famous saying and part of American law is that “ignorance is no excuse for the law.” This means that regardless of ones’ knowledge of the laws of the land, if you break the law, you are guilty by it. Your defense can not be, “I did not know.”

The concept comes from Roman law, and is expressed in the brocard: IGNORANTIA LEGIS NON EXCUSAT (ignorance of the law is no excuse). The essential public character of a law requires that the law must apply to anyone in the jurisdiction where the law applies. Thus, no one can justify his conduct on the grounds that he was not aware of the law.

The same goes with salvation. No one will have an excuse when it comes to the Great White Throne Judgment Seat of Jesus Christ. John 15:22; Rom 1:20; Luke 14:16-21

Rom 1:20, “For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse.”

Unfortunately, many wrongly believe that they have a good excuse for not accepting the Messiah, as noted in the parable of the Dinner Invitation. Luke 14:18, “But they all alike began to make excuses.”

Ignorance does not mean that information was not made available. Ignorance means information is available, but the person chooses to ignore or reject it.

Gal 3:22, “But the Scripture has shut up (enclosed or encapsulated) everyone under sin, (all have sinned according Rom 3:23; 5:12), so that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe. 23But before faith came, we were kept in custody under the law, (our tutor teaching us about the Christ), being shut up (enclosed / encapsulated) to the faith which was later to be revealed.”

The Law told us what sin was and that we are all sinners. Therefore, we are held guilty by the law. The Law also told us that God would send YEHOSHUA – יְהוֹשׁ֫וּעַ (yeh-ho-shoo’-ah), His son to pay for our sins. The Law told us to believe in God’s promises. Therefore, rejecting YEHOSHUA, Jesus Christ as the Savior Messiah, is also in violation of the Law. The information is available to all. Therefore, ignorance is no excuse for the Law.

To further the definition; There are Three Divisions of Ignorance:

  • Ignorance of Law, when one is unaware of the existence of the law itself, or at least that a particular case is comprised under its provisions.
  • Ignorance of the Fact, when the thing itself or some circumstance is unknown. This is not speaking about the relation of something to the law, but the fact itself.
  • Ignorance of Penalty, when a person is not cognizant that a sanction has been attached to a particular crime. This is especially to be considered when there is question of more serious punishment.

These Three Divisions Apply to Every Member of the Human Race in Relationship to the Savior:

1) We already noted that some are “ignorant of the Law,” and that is no excuse. Likewise, the believer who ignores Bible Doctrine has no excuse for their lack of a spiritual life.

2) “Ignorance of facts,” speaks to the person who does not want to face their own depravity due to sin. Instead of facing his sin and total depravity to save him and be reconciled to God through belief in the Savior, he hides from his depravity and tries to ignore it. Likewise, the believer who does not apply the Word of God in faith and losses rewards in the eternal state will be without excuse.

3) Next, we have “ignorance of penalty.” This is the individual who tries to convince himself that either there is no hell or that there is nothing after death. Many wrongly accept these two alternatives as fact, thereby, never coming to understand the need of a Savior. But, as stated repeatedly throughout this doctrine, ignorance of the fact of God’s judgment, eternal condemnation in the Lake of Fire for all who reject Jesus Christ as their Savior, is no excuse and will not pardon nor commute their sentence. Likewise, the believer in reversionism who is disciplined by God, (1 Cor 11:29-32; Heb 12:6-10; Rev 3:19), can only accept the Divine discipline.

We must also note that ignorance may precede, accompany, or follow an act of our will. It is therefore said to be antecedent, concomitant, or consequent. (Catholic Encyclopedia)

  • Antecedent Ignorance is in no sense voluntary, neither is the act resulting from it; it precedes any voluntary failure to inquire. Acting without prior knowledge before obtaining knowledge. A “knee jerk reaction.
  • Concomitant (accompaniment) Ignorance is concerned with the will to act in a given contingency; it implies that the real character of what is done is unknown to the agent, but his attitude is such that, were he acquainted with the actual state of things, he would go on just the same.
  • Consequent Ignorance on the other hand, is so called because it is the result of a perverse frame of mind, choosing either directly or indirectly to be ignorant.

These three are seen in Acts 17:23 and Romans 1:21-23

Acts 17:23, “For while I was passing through and examining the objects of your worship, I also found an altar with this inscription, ‘TO AN UNKNOWN GOD.’ Therefore what you worship in ignorance (AGNOEO), this I proclaim to you.” (Antecedent Ignorance)

Rom 1:21, “For even though they knew God, they did not honor Him as God or give thanks, (Concomitant Ignorance), but they became futile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened, (Concomitant Ignorance)22Professing to be wise, they became fools, 23and exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an image in the form of corruptible man and of birds and four-footed animals and crawling creatures, (Consequent Ignorance).”

Regardless of the nature of ignorance, there is and will be no excuse for anyone who does not come to the saving knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. Rom 1:20; Rev 20:11-15

Greek Definitions and Scriptures:

AGNOEO – to be ignorant, not to know, have no knowledge, not to understand, unknown, to err or sin through mistake, or to be wrong; as used in Rom 10:3.

Mark 9:31, “For He was teaching His disciples and telling them, “The Son of Man is to be delivered into the hands of men, and they will kill Him; and when He has been killed, He will rise three days later.” 32But they did not understand this statement, and they were afraid to ask Him.” w/ Luke 9:45

Romans 2:4, “Or do you think lightly of the riches of His kindness and tolerance and patience, not knowing that the kindness of God leads you to repentance?”

Rom 6:3, “Or do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus have been baptized into His death?”

Rom 7:1, “Or do you not know, brethren (for I am speaking to those who know the law), that the law has jurisdiction over a person as long as he lives?” See also 2 Peter 2:12-15.

AGNOIA – a Noun meaning; ignorance, lack of knowledge or perception, especially of divine things or of moral blindness.

Eph 4:17-19, “So this I say, and affirm together with the Lord, that you walk no longer just as the Gentiles also walk, in the futility of their mind, 18being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart; 19and they, having become callous, have given themselves over to sensuality for the practice of every kind of impurity with greediness.”

1 Peter 1:14, “As obedient children, do not be conformed to the former lusts which were yours in your ignorance.”

AGNOSIA – a noun meaning ignorance, no knowing, or no knowledge. 1 Cor 15:34; 1 Per 2:15.

1 Cor 15:34, “Become sober-minded as you ought, and stop sinning; for some have no knowledge of God. I speak this to your shame.”

AGNOEMA – a noun meaning a sin of ignorance, ignorance, sins. A sin committed through ignorance or thoughtlessness. Heb 9:7

Heb 9:6-7, “Now when these things have been so prepared, the priests are continually entering the outer tabernacle performing the divine worship, but into the second, only the high priest enters once a year, not without taking blood, which he offers for himself and for the sins of the people committed in ignorance.”

In our text of John 13:7, the Greek is OUK OIDA – OUK is the Greek negative meaning, “not.” OIDA is the Perfect with Present meaning tense of EIDO, which means to see. So, OIDA comes to mean, “to have seen or perceived, hence to know.”

1 Cor 3:16, “Do you not know that you are a temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you?”

Gal 4:8, “However at that time, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those which by nature are no gods.”

1John 2:11, “But the one who hates his brother is in the darkness and walks in the darkness, and does not know where he is going because the darkness has blinded his eyes.”

Some Famous Quotes Regarding Ignorance:

  • “A truly refined mind will seem to be ignorant of the existence of anything that is not perfectly proper, placid, and pleasant.” ~ Charles Dickens, Little Dorrit
  • “An ignorant man is always a slave.” ~ Anonymous
  • “Deliberately breaking rules is fine; ignoring them is not — ignorance is bad.” ~ Anonymous
  • “If ignorance is bliss, you must be the happiest man alive.” ~ Anonymous
  • “If ignorance is bliss, then knock the smile off my face.” ~ Zack de la Rocha
  • “Ignorance is the parent of fear.” ~ Herman Melville, Moby Dick
  • “Lack of knowledge is darker than night.” ~ Anonymous
  • “Man,” I cried, “how ignorant art thou in thy pride of wisdom!” ~ Mary Shelley, Frankenstein
  • “Man is arrogant in proportion to his ignorance.” ~ Edward Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Baron Lytton
  • “The most violent element in society is ignorance.” ~ Emma Goldman
  • “To be conscious that you are ignorant is a great step to knowledge.” ~ Benjamin Disraeli, Sybil
  • “Whoever works without knowledge works uselessly.” ~ Anonymous
  • “Wonder is the foundation of all philosophy, research is the means of all learning, and ignorance is the end.” ~ Michel de Montaigne
  • “You can swim all day in the Sea of Knowledge and still come out completely dry. Most people do.” ~ Norman Juster
  • “To be ignorant of one’s ignorance is the malady of ignorance.” ~ A. Bronson Alcott
  • “Light travels faster than sound. That’s why most people seem bright until you hear them speak.” ~ Anonymous
  • “Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I’m not sure about the former.” ~ Albert Einstein
  • “Men go abroad to wonder at the heights of mountains, at the huge waves of the sea, at the long courses of the rivers, at the cast compass of the ocean, at the circular motions of the stars, and they pass by themselves without wondering.” ~ St. Augustine

“If the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch,” Matthew 15:14.

This completes the Doctrine of Ignorance. We now turn to the last statement of our Lord in John 13:7.

  • John 13:7b – The Grace Apparatus for Perception (GAP)

John 13:7b, Our Lord finishes His statement with “but you will understand hereafter.” which is GINOSKO DE META HOUTOS, literally meaning, “to come to know but this after”

DE –  δέ (deh) is the conjunction, “but,” that sets up a contrast between Peter’s present ignorance and his future understanding of the doctrine.

“You will understand” is the Future, Middle, Indicative of GINOSKO –  γινώσκω (ghin-oce’-ko) meaning, “to come to know,” “recognize,” or “perceive.” “You will learn” is the meaning here.

This is the experience of learning Bible doctrine. He will know from the experience of study. Peter will learn doctrine in the future, including the principle of GAP, how it relates to the rebound technique, and the lesson the Lord was teaching by washing his feet.

The Middle Voice tells us Peter will benefit by learning this doctrine and understanding it at a future time.

The Indicative Mood is the reality of Peter’s future knowledge of how GAP functions and how the washing of feet represents not only the confession of sins, but the communication of Bible doctrine.

You cannot communicate the Word of God until you study, until you learn, until you know it. In order to learn it, you must be clean. Likewise, in order to communicate it, you must be clean. Also, the recipients of the communicated Word must be clean as they listen in order to comprehend it.

Being clean is the Rebound technique. Rebound is for communicators. Rebound is for those who listen to the communication of Bible doctrine.

The last phrase is META HOUTOS.

META – μετά (met-ah’) that means, “with,” “among,” or “after,” and HOUTOS –  οὗτος (hoo’-tos) is the demonstrative pronominal adjective TAUTA – Ταῦτα (tow’-tah) that means, “this” or “these.” Combined they mean, “after this” or “hereafter.”

Principle: The believer who is ignorant of Bible doctrine is shocked and confused regarding the details of life because of his disorientation to the grace of God. Ignorance of Bible doctrine results in disorientation to God’s grace. It also results eventually in reversionism. Therefore, the believer must appropriate the grace of God through the rebound technique and the Grace Apparatus for Perception (GAP) in order to learn and grow spiritually, thereby being equipped for every good work, including the communication of the Bible Doctrine. As a result, we are ambassadors for Christ and God is glorified.

As our Lord alluded, Peter would not accomplish this until a later point, that being the Day of Pentecost, when he and the other disciples received the grace of God, when they received the permanent indwelling of God the Holy Spirit. Now what was done in ignorance can be turned into wisdom via the grace of God.

This leads us to understanding the:

Doctrine of The Grace Apparatus for Perception


At the beginning of the believer’s spiritual life, he is ignorant of the thoughts of God. That is why the Grace Apparatus for Perception (GAP) was given to us.  If a believer is consistently distracted, indifferent, or negative towards God’s Word, he will remain in a state of ignorance regarding God’s thoughts.

Learning the mind of Christ calls for two categories of faith:  Faith perception and faith application which are part of the three stages of the Faith-Rest Drill.  When you learn Bible doctrine, faith perception applies. When you utilize doctrinal rationales and come to doctrinal conclusions (the second and third stages of the faith-rest drill), faith application applies.

To go from ignorance to cognizance of Bible doctrine begins with what is called GNOSIS – γνῶσις (gno’-sis) knowledge in the Greek.  GNOSIS is achieved through teaching from the pulpit that is heard and understood in your NOUS – νοῦς (nooce), (the Greek word for “mind” or the “left lobe of the soul”). GNOSIS is knowledge of Bible doctrine, which resides is in the left lobe and cannot be applied or used in spiritual growth yet. GNOSIS must be transferred to the right lobe as EPIGNOSIS –  ἐπίγνωσις (ep-ig’-no-sis) – (the Greek word for “full knowledge” or “wisdom,” doctrine in the right lobe of the soul), in order for you to grow in the spiritual life. This is accomplished through faith perception or being positive to the doctrine taught.

When a person understands something but does not believe it, that is called negative faith perception. When a person understands and believes, that is being positive at faith perception.   When GNOSIS is converted to EPIGNOSIS, you have formed categorical knowledge of God’s Word, and you can now apply that knowledge into doctrinal rationales for faith application. As a result, spiritual growth occurs.

There are Three Primary Systems of Perception in Life:

Rationalism relies on reason as the source of knowledge, claiming that reason is superior to and independent of any sensory perception. It believes that reality is what you think. Rationalism subjects Bible doctrine and Scriptural interpretation to the test of human reason. Therefore, rationalism always rejects dogmatic authority.

Empiricism is the scientific system of learning by observation and experimentation. Empiricism holds that reality lies in the function of your sensory system relaying information to the brain.

Both of these systems are dependent upon human I.Q. Therefore, if God made either one the criteria for learning His Word, He would be arbitrary and unfair, which is impossible.

Faith is a system of learning by accepting the authority of the criterion. Faith is learning by accepting words as vocabulary, or by accepting the authority of the one teaching. Faith is a non‑meritorious system of thinking. Therefore, faith is the only system God could use to be consistent with His policy of grace toward the human race. The validity of faith depends on the object of faith. Heb 11:1 calls faith, “the reality of the unseen.”

Faith Application:

The application of Bible doctrine to experience (reverse concentration) is faith application in contrast to faith perception.

Faith perception converts GNOSIS doctrine into EPIGNOSIS doctrine. Faith application is the second stage of the faith-rest drill, in which The Word is applied to circumstances by reversing our focus away from the problem or issue and onto Bible Doctrine.   This is the difference between having the mind of Christ and having the mind of the flesh, the difference between Divine viewpoint and human viewpoint.

The Three stages in the Faith-Rest Drill are:

Stage One – Claiming a promise from God, which is the means of reverse concentration away from the problem or situation and onto the Word of God. This will stabilize the mentality of your soul for calm and organized thinking.

Stage Two – Applying the promise(s) of God to the situation with the result of arriving at a Biblical rationale in regards to the situation. This is the dynamics of reverse concentration gained from claiming a promise of God.

Stage Three – Reaching a Biblical conclusion, which is the result of reverse concentration. This is the doctrine and mode of operation you will apply in faith to the problem or situation.

The dynamics of the faith-rest drill depend on the second stage of the faith-rest drill. Claiming promises is the means to the end, but is not the end.  The ultimate is the second stage of the faith-rest drill or reverse concentration, which is the application of doctrinal rationales to one’s environment and circumstances.

The first stage of the faith-rest drill, claiming promises, can only stabilize the believer for the dynamics of applying doctrinal rationales in the second stage. The real issue of the faith-rest drill is reverse concentration. Claiming promises will not apply doctrine to the situation. Therefore, without reverse concentration, the believer cannot utilize EPIGNOSIS doctrine. The believer must learn to think in terms of Divine viewpoint.

The Mechanics of GAP:

Stage One is the communication of Bible doctrine from your right Pastor-Teacher primarily via face to face.

The congregation is placed under a system of spiritual humility for perception and reception of Bible doctrine. Spiritual humility requires the filling of the Holy Spirit and the existence of humility, whether organized (in the local church), enforced (by the authority of the Pastor), or genuine (from your own positive reception of doctrine).

The believer must be motivated through their Personal love for God the Father, which results in positive volition to hear His Word. (When you lose your motivation, you lose your spiritual growth.) This leads to concentration and self-discipline. Therefore, learning the Rebound rationale and applying it while listening to Bible teaching is very important.

Stage One begins with the pastor communicating doctrine using the I.C.E. procedure.

“I” stands for ISAGOGICS, which is the interpretation of the Bible within the framework of its historical setting.

“C” stands for the categorical communication of doctrine, which fulfills the hermeneutical principle of comparing scripture to scripture to determine the classification of doctrine.

“E” stands for the exegetical communication of doctrine, which is the analysis of each verse in its context to determine the exact meaning of that verse in its relationship to the context as a whole, analyzing grammar, syntax, and etymology.

Stage Two is operation GNOSIS, in which you understand what you hear and comprehend; it in the left lobe (NOUS) of your soul.

The function of receptive comprehension means that under the ministry of the Spirit and with enough Frame of Reference, you actually understand the doctrine being taught. This is made possible under a system of enforced humility. When you understand what you have been taught, the doctrine goes to the left lobe of your soul.

The believer comes to Biblical teaching in ignorance. The objective is to turn ignorance into cognizance. If ignorance persists, it is because the believer is negative toward the doctrine being taught. If he is negative in attending class, it is because he is involved in the Cosmic System.

Other reasons for ignorance include lack of a Frame of Reference, sporadic exposure to doctrine, distractions from the pleasures of life, and an erroneous scale of values, all of which perpetuate arrogance, discipline, and failure.

Apart from the ignorance factor, a believer under the ministry of the Holy Spirit can and does learn doctrine from his right Pastor-Teacher. Once the believer understands doctrine under the principle of receptive comprehension, it is called GNOSIS and resides in his left lobe. GNOSIS information cannot yet result in spiritual growth nor can it be applied to experience. GNOSIS doctrine is waiting for the believer’s faith to convert it into EPIGNOSIS. In the GNOSIS stage, it is doctrinal thought still in the staging area. GNOSIS is fat; EPIGNOSIS is muscle.

Stage Three is the function of Faith-Perception.

When you believe (apply faith to) what you have been taught, God’s Word is cycled from your NOUS / left lobe to your human spirit.

There are two kinds of faith: Faith-Perception and Faith Application. Both are related to the Plan of God.

Faith-perception is used in learning Bible doctrine and converting GNOSIS into EPIGNOSIS.
Then faith-application can use EPIGNOSIS doctrine in application to life.

In Stage Three, GNOSIS is converted to EPIGNOSIS through the function of faith-perception. The mechanics involve volition and faith. At this time, the Word is transferred from your left lobe to your human spirit.

There are two possibilities: “I understand what you are saying, but I don’t believe it,” or “I understand and I do believe it.”

  • This stage is critical to fulfilling the Plan of God for your life, because only EPIGNOSIS doctrine can be used in application, causing your advance to Spiritual Maturity.
  • The Faith-Rest Drill has no muscle without EPIGNOSIS
  • Faith is non‑meritorious; therefore, it is a grace system of perception and does not depend on your human I.Q.

Col 1:3-14, “We give thanks to God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, praying always for you, 4since we heard of your faith in Christ Jesus and the love which you have for all the saints; 5because of the hope laid up for you in heaven, of which you previously heard in the word of truth, the gospel 6which has come to you, just as in all the world also it is constantly bearing fruit and increasing, even as it has been doing in you also since the day you heard of it and understood the grace of God in truth; 7just as you learned it from Epaphras, our beloved fellow bond-servant, who is a faithful servant of Christ on our behalf, 8and he also informed us of your love in the Spirit. 9For this reason also, since the day we heard of it, we have not ceased to pray for you and to ask that you may be filled with the knowledge of His will in all spiritual wisdom and understanding, 10so that you will walk in a manner worthy of the Lord, to please Him in all respects, bearing fruit in every good work and increasing in the knowledge of God; 11strengthened with all power, according to His glorious might, for the attaining of all steadfastness and patience; joyously 12giving thanks to the Father, who has qualified us to share in the inheritance of the saints in Light. 13For He rescued us from the domain of darkness, and transferred us to the kingdom of His beloved Son, 14in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins.”

Stage Four is the function of Faith-Application.

As a result of Faith-Perception, the doctrine cycled to your Human Spirit is then transferred to the right lobe of your soul (the heart), called KARDIA – καρδία (kar-dee’-ah) in the Greek, where it is applied to life.

1 Cor 2:13, “Which things we also speak, not in words taught by human wisdom, but in those taught by the Spirit, combining spiritual (Divine Viewpoint) with spiritual (our Human Spirit).”

Faith-Application is reverse concentration or the second stage of the Faith‑Rest Drill.  Faith-Application converts EPIGNOSIS doctrine into experience. EPIGNOSIS doctrine consists of the doctrinal rationales.

The believer with GNOSIS doctrine in the soul is only capable of anthropocentric thinking (Human viewpoint).  EPIGNOSIS doctrine is the only Divine viewpoint that can be applied to life. Claiming promises through faith is not the end; it is not a panacea. It is merely a stabilizer for thinking.

In Stage Three of the Faith-Rest Drill, you come to Doctrinal Conclusions and have gained control of the situation. Doctrine is more real to you than anything else in life.

We have studied the right lobe in the past, and noted its different compartments using the analogy of a filing cabinet in your soul for the storage and retrieval of God’s Word.

 The Heart has Six Compartments Including:

  • The Frame of Reference is where EPIGNOSIS doctrine becomes the foundation for learning more advanced doctrine. Prov 4:4; 1 Cor 2:9
  • The Memory Center is the storage center for EPIGNOSIS in a manner that brings into focus what is pertinent to a given situation. Psa 119:16; 109; 2 Cor 10:4‑6
  • The Vocabulary Storage is where technical identification of EPIGNOSIS doctrine is stored. Jer 15:16; Deut 8:3
  • The Categorical Storage is where individual doctrines are formed into larger categories for rationales in application to life. Prov 2:2, 10; 3:3; 15:14‑15; 18:15
  • The Conscience is where EPIGNOSIS doctrine forms new standards for life. Acts 24:16; Rom 2:14‑15; 9:1; 13:5; 1 Cor 8:7; 2 Cor 4:2; 5:11; Titus 1:15; Heb 9:14
  • The Launching Pad is used for application of EPIGNOSIS doctrine to life, which is the function of reverse concentration. 1 Cor 1:30; 2:7-8; James 3:17; Phil 4:8.

The Heart of Your Soul Performs a Number of Functions:

  • It sets up a system for using basic doctrines as the means for learning advanced doctrines.
  • It sets up a red alert section of the soul to detect false doctrine.
  • It uses EPIGNOSIS doctrine for dealing with problems of the subconscious and guilt complex.
  • It uses EPIGNOSIS doctrine for effective communication of ideas in conversation, witnessing, and public speaking.
  • It provides capacity for life, love, and happiness.
  • It raises the believer’s spiritual I.Q., and motivates general learning and understanding of life.

Stage Five is spiritual growth in the fulfillment of the Plan of God. Only EPIGNOSIS doctrine results in Spiritual growth and Occupation with the Person of Christ.

Human I.Q. is Not an Issue in the Function of GAP:

 GAP is a grace system for perception, Col 1:9‑10; 1 Cor 3:16; 1 Thes 5:23; 1 Cor 1:19‑2:16.

God’s Grace Provision for the Perception of Bible Doctrine Includes:

  • God has provided the mechanics of inspiration for the formation and preservation of the Canon of Scripture. 2 Tim 3:16-17
  • God provides the omnipotence of God the Holy Spirit inside Gods Power System (GPS) enabling us to understand the mechanics for the execution of the Plan of God for our lives. John 14:26
  • God provides the Divine plan for the Church, the protocol plan of God for the royal family of God. James 2:8; Rom 15:13-14
  • God provides a right pastor-teacher for every member of the royal family who is positive to doctrine. There is no such thing as a self-made Christian. You must learn from someone else. 1 Peter 5:1-3
  • God provides the privacy of the royal priesthood for the perception of mystery doctrine. Every believer is given a royal priesthood for the purpose of freedom and privacy. Bible doctrine in your soul is your altar. 1 Peter 2:5, 9; cf. Heb 13:10
  • Logistical grace support, by which every member of the royal family is kept alive for equal privilege and equal opportunity, to execute God’s plan. Logistical grace includes the provision of your body, clothes, food, shelter, transportation, and other necessities of life. Psa 23:1-6; Mat 6:25‑34; 2 Cor 9:8; 12:9; Phil 4:19; 2 Peter 3:18
  • God provides spiritual freedom, in contrast to human freedom. Spiritual freedom exists only within God’s Power System. John 8:32; Gal 5:1

Human freedom is for the entire human race through the laws of Divine Establishment.

Gal 5:1, “It was for freedom that Christ set us free; therefore keep standing firm and do not be subject again to a yoke of slavery.”

  • God provides the local church as the classroom for the Royal Family to learn His Word. Worship is academic, not emotional. You must know God’s system to function under His system. God always raises up local churches where pastors are faithful in the teaching of the Word of God.
  • God provides human volition as the means of transferring Bible Doctrine from the left lobe to the right lobe of the soul.

There is no substitute for the function of GAP. Job 32:1‑9

Primary Result of the Grace Apparatus for Perception: Spiritual maturity, resulting in glorifying God as part of the tactical victory in the Angelic Conflict.

Synonyms for the Grace Apparatus for Perception found in the Bible:

  • Epignosis: Full knowledge – Language synonym.
  • More GraceSuper Grace: Spiritual Maturity – Theological synonym. James 4:6
  • Altar of the Soul – Priestly synonym. Heb 13:9-10
  • Edification Complex of the Soul (E.C.S.) – Building synonym. Eph 4:12-16
  • Redeeming of Time – Time synonym. Eph 5:16-18; Col 4:5
  • Strength in the Lord – Power synonym. Eph 6:10
  • Putting on the Whole Armor of God (Eph 6:11-17); Following the colors to the high ground (Heb 12:1-2– race = AGON – ἀγών (ag-one’), the games or a battle); Establish a command post of the soul (Col 2:5-8) – Military synonyms.
  • Take Up Your Cross and Follow Me – Crucifixion synonym. Mat 16:24; Luke 9:23
  • Salt Seasoned (sodium chloride, salt = G.A.P.) – Chemical synonym. Col 4:6
  • Godliness – Sanctification synonym. 1Tim 6:3-6, 2 Peter 1:3

 Other Results of the Grace Apparatus for Perception Include:

  • Reversion recovery.
  • Glorification of God in the Angelic Conflict.
  • Equates the royal status of the believer with his priesthood.
  • Leads to maturity and Super Grace (maturity).
  • Leads to occupation with Christ and other capacities for life.
  • Provides maximum influence in history.
  • Provides the basis for legitimate production or service (Divine good).
  • Becomes the basis for eternal rewards.