Upper Room Discourse, Part 2

I. Prelude:

A. God’s Provision for salvation and the forgiveness of sins –

Chapter 13 Outline:

Vs 1, The Love of Jesus Christ

Vs 2, 18, 21-30, Demon influence and possession

Vs 3, Personal Sense of Destiny – Plan of God – Dominion, Advent, Seated at the Right hand of the Father

John 13:3 – Personal Sense of Destiny

The Eminence of Christ, God’s Plan and the session of our Lord Jesus Seated at the Right hand of the Father.

Turning to our main passage:

John 13:3, “Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands, and that He had come forth from God and was going back to God.”

We have a combination of three things. Three is the number of divine perfection and this verse tells us of the divinely perfect plan of the Father accomplished through our Lord.

The three aspects of God’s perfect plan are:

1) The Father has given all things to our Lord

2) Jesus Christ came from God

3) Jesus Christ was going back to His heavenly abode.

In this three-fold plan we see:

1) The Dominion of our Lord

2) His First Advent in Hypostatic Union

3) His Resurrection, Ascension and Session

Interestingly here in John 13:3 we have the three fold divinely perfect plan of God for man’s salvation and in our Monday morning study of Rom 10:3 we have the three fold rejection of God’s plan by unbelieving man.

Rom 10:3, “For not knowing about God’s righteousness and seeking to establish their own, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God.”

From this verse we see three things Paul refers to regarding Israel’s relationship to righteousness.

1) They did not know God’s righteousness

2) They sought to establish their own righteousness

3) They did not submit to God’s righteousness

This is the plight of all unbelievers.

In comparing these two verses, keep in mind that Jesus Christ is the “Righteous One”. Isa 24:16; Acts 3:14; 7:52; 22:14

Isa 53:11, “As a result of the anguish of His soul, He will see it and be satisfied; by His knowledge the Righteous One, my Servant, will justify the many, as He will bear their iniquities.”

So we have the threefold comparison:

1. The Comparison of Knowledge

John 13:3a, “Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands…”

Romans 10:3a, “For not knowing about God’s righteousness…”

Jesus Christ the Righteous One knew the Father’s overall Plan for righteousness (i.e. salvation). This is EPIGNOSIS.

Israelites did not know about the Fathers plan for salvation through Christ. This is GNOSIS.

2. The Comparison of Works

John 13:3b, “…that He had come forth from God…”

Romans 10:3b, “…seeking to establish their own (righteousness)…”

Jesus Christ became a man in hypostatic union to fulfill the Father’s plan of salvation. This is Divine Good: gold, silver, precious gems. 1 Cor 3:12a

Israel (i.e. unbelieving man) seeks to gain salvation through their own works and efforts. This is Human good, wood, hay and straw. 1 Cor 3:12b

3. The Comparison of Humility.

John 13:3c, “…was going back to God.”

Romans 10:3c, “…they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God.”

The culmination of Christ’s submission to the Father’s Plan for salvation at the Cross is His Resurrection, Ascension and Session, (i.e. return to His throne). This is the example of genuine humility.

Those who do not submit to the Father’s Plan for salvation end up in eternal condemnation. This is the example of enforced humility.

Isa 53:11, which we noted earlier, prophesizes the three fold accomplishment of our Lord.

Isa 53:11, “As a result of the anguish of His soul, He will see it and be satisfied; by His knowledge the Righteous One, my Servant (work), will justify the many, as He will bear their iniquities (humility).”

So the three key factors that we see in this verse are Knowledge, Works and Humility. Just as we saw in the Doctrine of the Heart, these three can be applied towards God, walking in His Plan, or they can be applied to self in arrogance, walking outside the Plan of God.

The goal is to emulate Christ during our time here on earth.

Now let’s look at this verse on it’s own.

First, the name “Jesus” is in italic here. It is not in the original Greek. By implication, referring back to the Nominative Case usage of IESOUS in verse one and the subsequent usage of the pronouns for He, His and Him in verses one and two, we understand verse three to also be referencing our Lord.

Then we have the word “knowing”. It is the Greek word EIDON as a verb participle in the Perfect Tense, Active Voice and Nominative Case.

This word typically means to “see” (literally or figuratively), but in the Perfect Tense only it means to “know, be aware, or behold”. It also means to “see in the mind’s eye”. It is the perfect tense of OIDA, which means, “I have seen” or “I know” and is used as a present tense.

The Perfect Tense typically tells us that Jesus had this knowledge in the past with the results continuing into the present.

The Active Voice indicates that this was knowledge produced by our Lord. He is omniscient as God and as man He learned the scriptures just as you and I have to learn them.

So Jesus is the one who performs the action here. He held knowledge in the past that continues to be in His thinking at this time. He held this knowledge in hypostatic union as the God/Man. He knew the Father’s Plan for His life on earth and in Heaven.

Knowing is also a “Participle of Cause” in the Nominative case, which presents the subject of the sentence. So the subject is what Jesus knows at this time. We could say then that because Jesus knew something He did something.

What is the “knowledge” that Jesus held? There are three pieces of knowledge in view.

1) That the Father had given all things into His hands

2) He had come forth from God

3) He was going back to God

Jesus knew about His Dominion, First Advent, and His resurrection, ascension and session. In other words He knew intimately the Plan of God for His life in time and eternity.

Eph 4:10, “He who descended is Himself also He who ascended far above all the heavens, so that He might fill all things.”

1) The Dominion of Jesus Christ.

John 13:3a says, “Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands”.

The phrase “had given” is the Greek verb EDOKEN – in the Aorist Tense, Active Voice and Indicated Mood of DIDOMI.

DIDOMI means to give; grant, allow, permit; place, put; appoint; establish; give out, pay; produce, yield, cause; entrust; bring (offerings); or inflict (punishment).

The Aorist Tense is a Constative Aorist in the Indicative Mood, which indicates something that occurred in past time but it also references the time of speaking. That is why the word “had” is added. Something occurred in the past that continues to have meaning at the present. The Constative places stress on the fact of the occurrence not its nature. This also carries the thought and meaning of the Proleptic / Futuristic Aorist, which describes an event that is not yet past as though it were already completed. We will see this as we understand more about “all things” given to Him.

Now, Jesus Christ is the creator of all things and all things have been given to Him and belong to Him. This is stated in both the Old and New Testament. References in the New Testament at times also indicate that this does not occur until after Jesus’ resurrection, ascension and session. To understand this we must understand the Hypostatic Union of our Lord.

Jesus Christ was God in eternity past. As God all things are His. He is coequal, co-infinite and coeternal with God the Father and God the Holy Spirit. As God Jesus Christ became man without losing any portion of His deity.

However, as a man all things were not His upon His birth.

In Hypostatic Union during His first advent all things belonged to the deity of Christ but all things did not belong to the humanity of Christ.

As a result of completing the Father’s Plan upon the Cross in His humanity, as a reward, all things were given to His humanity.

The Bible also indicates that the giving of all things in subjection to Him will be realized after His Second Advent.

So there is different emphasis in scriptures regarding “all things” given to Him. Nevertheless, Jesus knew of the times and manners of the Father’s Plan and utilized them all as the Problem Solving Device of a Personal Sense of Destiny when facing His betrayal and subsequent crucifixion.

Let’s see what the various scriptures tell us about “all things”.

Psa 8:6, “You make Him to rule over the works of Your hands; You have put all things under his feet.”

Here we have a futuristic past tense understanding of the dominion of our Lord. In His deity He created all things and as God He will give them to His humanity.

Psa 103:22, “Bless the LORD, all you works of His, in all places of His dominion; bless the LORD, O my soul!”

Here it is noted that every divine good production of man is glorifying to our Lord because it is done in His dominion, which is already established.

Now let’s review some N.T. references.

Mat 11:27, “All things have been handed over to Me by My Father.” w/ Luke 10:22

Mat 28:18, “And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth”.”

John 3:35, “The Father loves the Son and has given all things into His hand.”

John 16:15, “All things that the Father has are Mine; therefore I said that He takes of Mine and will disclose it to you.”

John 17:1, “Jesus spoke these things; and lifting up His eyes to heaven, He said, “Father, the hour has come; glorify Your Son, that the Son may glorify You, 2even as You gave Him authority over all flesh, that to all whom You have given Him, He may give eternal life.”

In all of these verses Jesus Himself tells us that all things have already been given to Him.

Rom 11:36, “For from Him and through Him and to Him are all things. To Him be the glory forever. Amen.”

1 Cor 11:12, “For as the woman originates from the man, so also the man has his birth through the woman; and all things originate from God.”

In His deity all things come from Him and go back to Him in glory.

1 Cor 15:27, “For He has put all things in subjection under His feet. But when He says, “All things are put in subjection,” it is evident that He is excepted who put all things in subjection to Him. 28When all things are subjected to Him, then the Son Himself also will be subjected to the One who subjected all things to Him, so that God may be all in all.”

This is one of those passages that use coterminous language of past and future events. Verse 27 says “He has put” referencing eternity past and verse 28 says “when” and “then” referencing the Second Advent.

Eph 1:9, “He made known to us the mystery of His will, according to His kind intention which He purposed in Him 10with a view to an administration suitable to the fullness of the times, that is, the summing up of all things in Christ, things in the heavens and things on the earth, (compare with Col 1:20). In Him 11also we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to His purpose who works all things after the counsel of His will, …19These are in accordance with the working of the strength of His might 20which He brought about in Christ, when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places, 21far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come. 22And He put all things in subjection under His feet, and gave Him as head over all things to the church, 23which is His body, the fullness of Him who fills all in all.”

This passage references the giving of all things upon the completion of Jesus Christ’s work upon the Cross, in His humanity. God the Father who has all things gave them to the humanity of Christ in resurrected Hypostatic Union.

Our last verse sums it all up very nicely.

Heb 2:8, “You (God the Father) have put all things in subjection under his (The Lord Jesus Christ’s) feet.” For in subjecting all things to Him (T.L.J.C.), He (Father) left nothing that is not subject to Him (T.L.J.C.). But now we do not yet see all things subjected to Him. 9But we do see Him who was made for a little while lower than the angels, namely, Jesus, because of the suffering of death crowned with glory and honor, so that by the grace of God He might taste death for everyone. 10For it was fitting for Him (God the Father), for whom are all things, and through whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory, to perfect the author of their salvation (Jesus Christ) through sufferings.”

So to reconcile the varying passages we must understand the distinctions between positional and experiential rewards.

From eternity past the deity of Jesus Christ positionally and experientially had all things in subjection to Himself. In eternity past the humanity of Jesus Christ positionally had all things in subjection to Himself emphasizing the predestined Plan for His life. As a result of His efficacious work upon the Cross, the humanity of Jesus Christ was bequeathed the position of all things being in subjection to Him by God the Father. Upon His resurrection, ascension and session all things were experiential placed in subjection to Him emphasizing the predestination of His Second Advent. At His Second Advent all things are in subjection to Him forevermore. Rev 5:13; 19:16

What is encompassed by the phrase “all things”. Well the Bible breaks this down into various categories giving us some detail about what all things are, just incase we have any doubt what “all” really means.

John 16:15, “All things that the Father has are Mine; therefore I said that He takes of Mine and will disclose it to you.”

a) All of creation

Isa 44:24, “Thus says the LORD, your Redeemer, and the one who formed you from the womb, “I, the LORD, am the maker of all things, stretching out the heavens by Myself and spreading out the earth all alone.”

Compare with; John 1:3; Acts 17:24; Eph 3:9; Col 1:16-17; 1 Tim 6:13 (gives life to); Heb 1:2-3; 3:4; Rev 4:11; 5:13

b) All knowledge

John 21:17, “And he said to Him, “Lord, You know all things; You know that I love You.”

John 16:30, “Now we know that You know all things, and have no need for anyone to question You; by this we believe that You came from God.”

c) All kingdoms, rule, authority and power.

1 Cor 15:24, “Then comes the end, when He hands over the kingdom to the God and Father, when He has abolished all rule and all authority and power. 25For He must reign until He has put all His enemies under His feet. 26The last enemy that will be abolished is death. 27For He has put all things in subjection under His feet.”

Eph 1:20, “Which He brought about in Christ, when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places, 21far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come.”

Col 2:10, “And in Him you have been made complete, and He is the head over all rule and authority.”

Rev 4:11, “Worthy are You, our Lord and our God, to receive glory and honor and power; for You created all things, and because of Your will they existed, and were created.”

d) All sins

Unfortunately for Christ and fortunately for us, bad comes with the good in regards to all things. All things include the sins of the entire universe. God the Father has placed all sin in subjection to our Lord Jesus Christ.

John 19:28, “After this, Jesus, knowing that all things had already been accomplished, to fulfill the Scripture, said, “I am thirsty.”” See also verse 30, “It is finished”.

Col 1:20, “And through Him to reconcile all things to Himself, having made peace through the blood of His cross; through Him, I say, whether things on earth or things in heaven.”

Heb 4:15 (tempted in all things to sin but did not); Heb 9:22

1 Cor 15:54, “Death is swallowed up in victory. 55O death, where is your victory? O death, where is your sting?” 56The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law; 57but thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.”

e) Jesus Christ in His Deity subjected all things to Himself.

Phil 3:21, “Who will transform the body of our humble state into conformity with the body of His glory, by the exertion of the power that He has even to subject all things to Himself.”

Hebrew 1:3, “And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high.”

And finally, at the completion of the Millennial Reign He will make all things new, Rev 21:5.

2) Next we have in John 13:3b, “…and that He had come forth from God….”

This is the second aspect of knowledge Christ held and was applying to solve His problems. He knew what the Word of God said about the Father’s Plan for salvation, (this is Doctrinal Orientation, PSD #3). He also knew that He was going to fulfill that Plan, (this is having a Personal Sense of Destiny, PSD #6). So the word knowledge (OIDA) coupled with the three aspects of the Plan of God for His life in this verse tell us how Christ used God’s power and provisions to solve His problems.

Keep in mind that this verse is wedged between two pressure-packed events. First, in John 13:2, He knew that one of His best friends was about to betray Him. Second, He knew that He was going to serve God and Man in the most difficult suffering the universe has ever seen. In order to demonstrate this service and suffering He was going to give an object lesson to the disciples in verses 4-10. Facing the torment of the seven trials including the crucifixion, He serves the disciples by washing their feet, (a symbol of the forgiveness of sins).

Verse three gives us the three aspects of knowledge held by our Lord, which sustained Him at this pressure filled time. Through Doctrinal Orientation and a Personal Sense of Destiny He deployed two of the Ten Problem Solving Devices to bring real solutions to the issues at hand.

In the second aspect of knowledge held by our Lord, we note that Jesus’ knowledge included not only where He came from but why. “Come forth from God” implies reason behind the fact. He knows He came from a heavenly abode, but more importantly He knows why He came from the Father, that is to fulfill His Plan. He knew the Father’s Plan of salvation for mankind and had come forth to fulfill it. That leads us into the second aspect of John 13:3 which is the First Advent of Christ.

Reasons for the First Advent of Jesus Christ.

The phrase, “…and that He had come forth from God….”, in the Greek is êár ”ôé Pð’ èåï™ dîyëèåí

We begin by noting the Greek word “from”, which is APO. It is a preposition in the Genitive Case. Its force comes from classical Greek, which held the meaning “separation from”. APO can mean from, away from, by means of, of, because of, as a result of, since, ever since, about, for, or with.

It has the sense of moving away from something and in this passage it means moving away from God and His heavenly abode. This separation is not in the negative sense but the statement of fact that Jesus Christ left His heavenly abode to become a Man in order to fulfill the Father’s Plan.

Phil 2:5, “Have this attitude in yourselves which was also in Christ Jesus, 6who, although He existed in the form of God, did not regard equality with God a thing to be grasped, 7but deprived (KENOO) Himself, taking the form of a bond-servant, and being made in the likeness of men. 8Being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross. 9For this reason also, God highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name, 10so that at the name of Jesus every knee will bow, of those who are in heaven and on earth and under the earth, 11and that every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”

The underlined portion refers to this second aspect of Christ’s knowledge while verses 9 and 10 apply to the third aspect of His knowledge, as we will see later on.

APO is connected to the Greek word THEOU, the word for God, which is also in the Genitive Case. Here it is the Genitive of Relationship. It shows us the relationship that Jesus and the Father had as God. In other words Jesus Christ who was coequal, coinfinite and coeternal with God, became something more and different. He became man while maintaining His deity. Therefore the phrase “moving away from God” tells us that He took on something unique as compared to God the Father and God the Holy Spirit. He became the unique person of the Trinity as Jesus Christ the God / Man in hypostatic union.

In this passage we have a double emphasis on “moving away from” because the next word for “come forth” is EXERCHOMAI. EXERCHOMAI is a Verb in the Aorist, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular.

It is a compound word from EK meaning out from, out of, from, by, or away from. So we see the double emphasis regarding where Christ came from. The other half of this compound word is ERCHOMAI meaning to come or go and arrival. Together EXERCHOMAI means to go or come out of, come or go out or forth, get out, escape, get away, originate, descend (Heb 7:5), be gone, or disappear (Acts 16:19).

Greek scholars used this word as such:

To come out on the stage, Aristophanes.

To go away, march off, or to march out, go forth, Herodotus.

To go out on an expedition.

To go through a work, – Xenophon.

To stand forth and come to the trial, Euripides.

To turn out so and so, Sophocles.

To execute, Thucydides.

Of time, to come to an end, expire, Herodotus, Sophocles.

Of prophecies, dreams, events, to be accomplished, come true, Herodotus.

Interestingly you can see how all of these ancient secular uses apply to the “coming forth” of our Lord. The genius of God’s word is in view here once again.

EXERCHOMAI is also used in John 8:42.

John 8:42, “Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love Me, for I proceeded forth and have come from (HEKO) God, for I have not even come (ERCHOMAI) on My own initiative, but He sent Me.”

This is also stated in Heb 10:5-10 but from the viewpoint of the world receiving Him. The verses below are amplified from the NASB by myself and the works of R.B. Thieme Jr.

Heb 10:5-10, “Therefore, when He entered [EIS-ERCHOMAI = into come or came into] the world [at virgin birth], He said [Ps 40:6-8], `You [God the Father] do not desire sacrifice and offering [soteriology of the ritual plan of God for the dispensation of Israel], but You have prepared for Me a human body; You have not been propitiated by whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin [sin offering]. At that time [virgin birth] I said [from His deity], “Behold, I have arrived; (in the scroll of a book it stands written about Me [Old Testament prophecies]) to accomplish Your will, O God.”‘ After saying the above, `Sacrifices and whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin You have not desired, nor have You been propitiated by them’ (which sacrifices are offered according to the law), then He said, `Behold, I have arrived to execute Your will.’ He has abrogated [taken away] the first [the Mosaic Law] that He might establish the second [Plan of God for the Church]. By which will [purpose, plan] we [new spiritual species, royal family of God] have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once and for all.”

“I have arrived to accomplish Your will, O God” was spoken from the deity of Christ in hypostatic union. It refers to the election of Jesus Christ related to the salvation / incarnation Plan of God. That is the first event in the “moving away from God” Plan.

The culmination of that Plan is the substitutionary spiritual death of Christ on the cross and resultant efficacious unlimited atonement. That fulfilled and abrogated the ritual Plan of Salvation authorized in the Mosaic Law, thereby bringing salvation to everyone.

The following are four reasons why Jesus had to take on true humanity.

a) Jesus Christ had to become true humanity to be the Savior of the world. Phil 2:7-8; Heb 2:14-15.

Heb 2:14, “Therefore, since the children share in flesh and blood, He Himself likewise also partook of the same, that through death He might render powerless him who had the power of death, that is, the devil, 15and might free those who through fear of death were subject to slavery all their lives.”

Only humanity could bear our sins.

So Jesus Christ had to become true humanity and perfect humanity in order to receive the imputation and judgment of our sins on the cross. 1 Pet 2:24

1 Peter 2:24, “And He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, so that we might die to sin and live to righteousness; for by His wounds you were healed.”

b) Jesus Christ had to become true humanity to be the mediator between God and man. Job 9:2, 32-33; 1 Tim 2:5-6

1 Tim 2:5, “For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, 6who gave Himself as a ransom for all, the testimony given at the proper time.”

He had to be equal with both God and mankind to be a mediator between both parties.

Therefore, Jesus Christ had to be both undiminished deity and true humanity in one person forever.

c) Jesus Christ had to become true humanity to be a priest.

A priest must be a man in order to represent man before God and God before man.

Jesus Christ became true humanity to be our high priest after the order (or pattern) of Melchizedek, Gen 14:18-20; Heb 7:4-5, 14, 28; 10:5, 10-14.

d) Jesus Christ had to become true humanity to be a King and rule forever.

He had to be the son of David to fulfill the Davidic covenant to Israel, 2 Sam 7:8-16; Ps 89:20-37.

Solomon’s line goes down to Joseph (Mat 1:6) and Nathan’s line goes down to Mary (Luke 3:31).

So we note that Jesus Christ had “moved away from God” in order to fulfill the Pre-designed Plan of the Father for His life and for the salvation of the entire human race. That is why God became a man in Hypostatic Union. It was Jesus Christ’s Doctrinal Orientation and Personal Sense of Destiny that lead Him forward in the Plan of God even under the most difficult circumstances.

3) Resurrection, Ascension and Session:

John 13:3c, “… and was going back to God.”

As we finish our study on verse three we are noting Jesus’ knowledge regarding His return to the Father. This is not new knowledge but knowledge He carried with Him throughout His ministry as noted in a discussion He had with the Pharisees in the temple.

John 8:14, “Jesus answered and said to them, “Even if I testify about Myself, My testimony is true, for I know where I came from and where I am going;”

In our previous point we saw the reason for Christ’s First Advent being His substitutionary spiritual death upon the Cross. To accomplish that, as part of the Father’s Plan, Jesus had to “move away from the Father” and take on true humanity. Prior to that Jesus recalled the Father’s Plan to make “all things in subjection to Him”. They were the first and second aspects of Christ’s knowledge referred to in verse three. We now have the third aspect of Jesus’ knowledge; the things that will occur after the Cross.

It is interesting to note here that Jesus deployed Problem Solving Device number 6, a Personal Sense of Destiny. His thought process began with the end results, rewards and blessing for all of eternity. He then moved His thinking to what He had to do to fulfill the Father’s Plan of salvation. He then concluded His thought process knowing He was going home.

You see Jesus became a man to suffer and die. Now the Father would take it from there. He had promised to raise Jesus from the dead, bring Him back to Heaven and give Him a unique position in His eternal abode.

So the logic Jesus applied under a Personal Sense of Destiny was as follows:

1) What is the ultimate glory promised by God,

2) What do I have to do to walk in the Father’s Plan, and

3) What has God promised me for fulfilling His Plan.

That is the logic the Lord Jesus Christ used in Hypostatic Union from the wisdom of the Word resident within His soul to solve His problems. Having a Personal Sense of Destiny, as Jesus Christ had, is essential to fulfilling the Father’s Plan for your lives.

We note this logic in the Lord Jesus Christ by looking again at Phil 2:5-11 specifically verse 9-11 as related to our third aspect of Jesus’ knowledge.

Phil 2:5, “Have this attitude in yourselves which was also in Christ Jesus, 6who, although He existed in the form of God, did not regard equality with God a thing to be grasped, 7but deprived (KENOO) Himself, taking the form of a bond-servant, and being made in the likeness of men. 8Being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross. 9For this reason also, God highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name, 10so that at the name of Jesus every knee will bow, of those who are in heaven and on earth and under the earth, 11and that every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”

Jesus knew what was out there, left home to obtain it and returned home victorious.

The Greek of John 13:3c, “… and was going back to God.”, is êár ðñ’ò ô’í èå’í ›ðÜãåé.

Literally this verse reads and “and to the God goes”, but that doesn’t quite capture the importance of this phrase.

We begin with the coordinating conjunction KAI which means And, Even, Also or But. “And” is a good translation here continuing Jesus’ thought process.

Next we have PROS , a preposition that has many meanings. In the Accusative Case, as it is here, it can mean; to or toward(s), for the sake or purpose of, in order to, so that, pertaining to, with reference to, before, in the presence of or in comparison with. Here it indicates the relationship to the following noun “God”. It indicates in a directional sense Jesus movement, to or towards God. He had come “from” (APO) God and was going back “to” (PROS) God.

Then we have TON THEON. Both words are also in the Accusative Case meaning “the God”. The Accusative is the case that indicates the direct object. More broadly it may be considered the case that limits the action. So it indicates to whom or to where Jesus will return. He is returning to the God, that is the place where God lives, His heavenly abode.

In the second aspect of Christ’s knowledge He “moved away from God”. In that portion the definite article “the” did not proceed THEOU, showing the high quality of the noun. That means it was referring to the person of God. Here the article is used (TON) in the Accusative meaning it is more specifically referring to the “place of God”, His throne room. This is the place Jesus Christ is returning to; to be seated at the right hand of the Father to have all things placed in subjection to Him.

Our last Greek word encompasses the phrase “was going back”. The word is HUPAGO, which is a Verb in the Present tense, Active voice, Indicative mood, Third Person, Singular. It is a compound word made up of HUPO and AGO.

HUPO means by or under. With the accusative it means “of place” that is underneath or where (below) or time (when or at). In compounds it retains the same genitive applications, especially of inferior position or condition. With this part of the compound word we see the subordinate position of our Lord in relation to God the Father. He will go the Father submissively, that is under His power and authority. This primarily means by station but also calls to mind by the means or power of God He will go to Him.

AGO means to lead, bring or carry. By implication it means to bring or drive and reflexively “go”. So by combining these two words it could mean, “going to the place of”.

HUPAGO comes to mean to lead under, bring under, to withdraw one’s self, to go away, and depart. In our verse it has those meanings with all the connotations stated above.

  • The Present tense is a “completely futuristic” Present, which means that the event is wholly subsequent to the time of speaking and stresses the certainty of the event especially when linked with the Indicative.
  • The “simple” Active voice says that Jesus is the one experiencing the action of the verb. He will go to the place of God.
  • The “declarative” Indicative mood asserts the unqualified fact that Jesus Christ will go to the place of God.

All of this is why the word “was” is added to this passage. It is a future event spoke of as present time. Therefore we could translate this “and will (under the authority of God) go to the place of God”.

That brings us to our Lord’s third aspect of knowledge “going to the place of God”. Remember His second aspect of knowledge brought Him to death upon the Cross. However, in this third aspect He realizes that death in not the end and that He will return to His heavenly abode. Because the second aspect ended in death in order to return to His heavenly abode three things are required. 1) Resurrection, 2) Ascension and 3) Session

Once again we have the number three denoting the Divine Perfection of the Father’s Plan.

We will now note the Resurrection, Ascension and Session of our Lord Jesus Christ.

See the Doctrine of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ

Back in our main passage, John 13:3, we continue our study of the third aspect of Christ’s knowledge prior to His crucifixion. The three points of knowledge that are found in John 13:3 gave our Lord a Personal Sense of Destiny to fulfill the Father’s Plan

John 13:3, “Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands, and that He had come forth from God and was going back to God.”

In this third aspect our Lord knew He “was going back to the God” once He completed His work here on earth. He also knew that going back to God included three things Resurrection, Ascension and Session. Having completed our study on Resurrection we now turn to the last two parts Ascension and Session of our Lord.

See Doctrine of Ascension and Session

In summary, we have noted the following in regards to the third portion of our Lord’s broad-brush strokes of remembrance.

1. The Ascension and Session is a doctrine of Christology pertaining to the transfer of our Lord’s true humanity from planet earth to the third heaven in a resurrection body pertaining to the glorification of our Lord’s humanity at the right hand of the Father.

2. His Ascension and Session fulfilled the prophecy of Psa 110:1.

Psa 110:1, “The Lord (God the Father) said to my Lord (God the Son), `Sit down at My right hand until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.'”

3. The doctrine of Ascension and Session combine to form the climax of the strategic victory of Jesus Christ in the Angelic Conflict.

Heb 1:3, “And He is the radiance of His (God the Father’s) glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,”

4. The work of Jesus Christ on the cross is efficacious, which means it is perfectly effective for the payment of the penalty for our sins. When He received the imputation of our sins and God the Father judged them, that settled the sin question for all time. To indicate the efficacy of His sacrifice, our Lord sat down at the right hand of God.

Heb 10:12, “But He [Jesus Christ in contrast to the Old Testament sacrifices], having offered one unique sacrifice as a substitute for our sins for all time, sat down at the right hand of God.”

a) Christ died twice on the cross. Heb 9:19-28

1) He died a substitutionary spiritual death for the sins of the world, which provided our salvation.

2) He died a unique physical death in which there was the separation of His soul, spirit, and body.

5. In relationship to the Church He is the head demonstrating the divine power available to us. Eph 1:18-23.

Eph 1:22, “And He put all things in subjection under His feet, and gave Him as head over all things to the church, 23which is His body, the fullness of Him who fills all in all.”

6. His Session is in the order of Melchizedek and we share in His Royal Priesthood. Gen 14:18; Psa 110:4; Heb 5:6-10; 6:20; 7:1-17,21-24 with 1 Peter 2:5, 9

Heb 8:1, “Now the main point in what has been said (in chapter 7) is this: we have such a high priest, who has taken His seat at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens.”

7. The Session demands a new mental attitude of the Royal Family. Col 3:1-2

Col 3:1‑2, “Therefore if you have been raised up with Christ (and you have, in Baptism of the Spirit and Current Positional Truth), keep seeking the things above (escrow blessings), where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God. 2Set your mind on the things above, not on the things that are on earth. 3For you have died and your life is hidden with Christ in God.”

8. The Ascension and Session related to the Ten Unique Factors of the Church Age.

a) The Baptism of the Spirit created us a new spiritual species and Royal Family forever.

b) The unique Predesigned Protocol Plan of God in a unique dispensation called the Age of Grace.

c) The unique equality factor related to Election and Predestination of the PPPG.

d) Your very own Portfolio of Invisible Assets.

a. Primary Assets: Escrow blessings and assets of Election and Predestination.

b. Secondary assets: Volitional assets, production assets, the assets of undeserved suffering for blessing, and invisible impact (personal, national, international, and angelic) assets.

c. Personnel Assets: Spiritual gifts.

d. Unique Assets: the Indwell of the Holy Spirit.

e) The unique Royal commissions, Royal Priest and Royal Ambassador

f) The unique mystery doctrine of the Church Age

g) The unique indwelling of all three persons of the Trinity.

h) The unique availability of divine power to every believer.

i) This is the only dispensation of no prophecy, only historical trends.

j) This is the only dispensation of invisible heroes.

9. The Ascension and Session of Christ related to the Rapture of the Church.

We now complete this doctrine with two final points:

10. The Ascension and Session related to the Authority of Christ. Rom 8:34

Jesus Christ has supreme authority over all human and angelic creatures. His eternal authority is also seen in the fact that He created the universe and holds it together by the Word of His mouth. Heb 1:1-3; Col 1:16-17; Psa 33:6-12

11. The Ascension and Session and your Spiritual Self‑EsteemHeb 12:2‑3

Whenever we feel we can’t take any more, this is too much for me, I just want to give up and quit, we are to look at Jesus and remember what He endured so that we would live.