Chapter 13 Outline:
Vs 1, The Love of Jesus Christ.
Vs 2, 18, 21-30, Demon influence and possession
Vs 3, Personal Sense of Destiny – Plan of God – Dominion, Advent, Seated at the Right hand of the Father
Vs. 4, Priestly, humble servant hood of Jesus Christ – Preparation for service
Vs. 5, Humility for service
Vs. 6-7, Peter’s Objection due to Ignorance. The Doctrine of GAP
Vs. 8-11, Peter’s misguided zeal and our Lord’s Response. Washing of the feet, not salvation cleansing but experiential sanctification. He shows them the Rebound technique. 1 John 1:9
Vs. 12, Learn from this picture, Christ’s Completed Work for our Spiritual Perfection.
Vs. 13-15, Jesus is our Teacher and Lord, our Role Model.
Vs. 16-20, Five principles from Foot Washing.
Vs. 16, 1) The servant must have Authority Orientation
Vs. 17, 2) Knowledge and application of Bible Doctrine results in Happiness.
Vs. 18, 3) God’s Omniscience does not violate our human volition
Vs. 19, 4) Bible doctrine prepares the believer for shocking behavior
Vs. 20, 5) Bible doctrine is perpetuated after the death of Christ.
Vs. 21-30, Concerning His Betrayal. Grace in Action.
Vs. 31-35, Concerning His Departure. Love in Action. God’s Provision for the believer.
Vs. 31-32, God is glorified in the body of Christ.
Vs. 33, 36-38, Jesus Predicts His Resurrection, Peter’s misguided remarks
Vs. 34, A New Commandment
Vs. 35, Christ Seen in You!
Vs. 36a, Meet the Apostles
Vs 36b – 38, Ignorance of Bible Doctrine
We now turn to verse 36, “Simon Peter said to Him, “Lord, where are You going?” Jesus answered, “Where I go, you cannot follow Me now; but you will follow later.””
Here we begin what is a series of 4 questions from the disciples in the Upper Room that are answered by the Lord. It begins with Peter in verses 13:36-14:4, then Thomas in 14:5-7, then Philip in 14:8-21 and then Judas (not Iscariot) in 14:22-26. Following the Q and A session our Lord launches into the overall discourse in 14:27-16:16 followed by further questions answered by our Lord through to 16:33, then we have His intercessory prayer in chapter 17.
So before we go to the Q and A session, it would be pertinent to gain a little background on the disciples who would later become apostles. Therefore we will study the Doctrine of the Twelve apostles.
(See Doctrine of Apostles, Twelve)
We now begin what is a series of 4 questions from the disciples in the Upper Room that are answered by the Lord. It begins with Peter in verses 13:36-14:4, then Thomas in 14:5-7, then Philip in 14:8-21 and then Judas (not Iscariot – Thaddaeus) in 14:22-26.
We start with verse 36, “Simon Peter said to Him, “Lord, where are You going?” Jesus answered, “Where I go, you cannot follow Me now; but you will follow later.””
Peter’s questioning comes as a result of what our Lord just stated, specifically in verse 33, “Little children, I am with you a little while longer. You will seek Me; and as I said to the Jews, now I also say to you, ‘Where I am going, you cannot come.’”.
Peter then questions our Lord, where are you going? Our Lord does not respond directly to his question but lets him, and all the disciples, know that they cannot (OUK DUNAMAI – not able, without power) follow Him at this present time (Aorist, Active, Infinitive of AKOLOUTHEO with NUN for now) but that they will follow Him in the future (Future, Active, Indicative of AKOLOUTHEO).
The root of AKOLOUTHEO is KELEUTHOS which means a road, or a way. So AKOLOUTHEO comes to mean follow or accompany. Interestingly, this is the same word used in regards to our Lord’s call the Apostles to “follow Him”. See Mat 4:20, 22: 9:9; Mark 1:18; 2:14-15; Luke 5:11, 27-28; John 1:37-43.
The Aorist Infinitive indicates Peter’s purpose. He has the objective and purpose of keeping the Lord in sight at all times, never letting Him get out of the range of his vision, yet as our Lord stated, he is powerless to follow Him, (he cannot stop our Lord from going forward to the crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension).
The second usage being in the Future Indicative is for the absolute reality that Peter and all believers will be present with the Lord upon their death, and at the Rapture receive their resurrection body, 1 Cor 15:51-55; 1 Thes 4:16-18.
Peter’s questioning was in line with what he had previously heard our Lord say in John 10:4, “When he puts forth all his own, he goes ahead of them, and the sheep follow him because they know his voice.”
Peter wanted to continue to follow Him here on earth but was forgetting that the Lord needed to die first, and then all could ultimately follow. Peter had good intentions in the emotion of his soul; his heart was in the right place.
We gain further insight into this question as Peter previously stated in Mark 10:28, that he and the others had left all behind to follow our Lord, therefore they should be able to continue to follow him and ultimately be rewarded for it.
Mark 10:28, “Peter began to say to Him, “Behold, we have left everything and followed You.””
Our Lord’s response was that those who do follow Him would have a great reward.
Mark 10:29-31, “Jesus said, “Truly I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or farms, for My sake and for the gospel’s sake, 30but that he will receive a hundred times as much now in the present age, houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and farms, along with persecutions; and in the age to come, eternal life. 31But many who are first will be last, and the last, first.””
In light of wanting to stay with Him and receive his rewards, Peter asks, “where are you going”? This is followed by John 13:37, “why can’t I follow you right now (ARTI vs NUN used in verse 36)”.
It would have been good for Peter to stop right there, but he does not. As we know he continues in verse 37 with his boastful ways by saying, “I will lay down (TITHEMI) my life (PSUCHE) for you”.
This is followed by our Lord’s infamous prophecy of Peter’s three denials in verse 38. This scene is also noted in Mat 26:31-38; Mark 14:26-31; Luke 22:31-34.
Peter did start out with human courage in Mat 26:51-54; Mark 14:47; Luke 22:49-51; John 18:10, trying to defend the Lord with his sword, but that too was a misguided act. He may have taken too literally our Lord’s command to buy a sword in Luke 22:36-38.
His ultimate denial would play itself out in just a few hours as noted in Mat 26:58, 69-75; Mark 14:54, 66-72; Luke 22:54-62; John 18:15-18, 25-27.
Peter followed the Lord closely, everywhere He went. The trouble with Peter was that he didn’t learn the doctrine. So following the Lord geographically is not the issue; following the Lord in the function of GAP is the issue. Your attitude toward Bible doctrine and the amount of exposure you get determines just what you would have done had you lived in Jesus’ time! It is one thing to keep Jesus in sight; it is something else to take in doctrine into the soul.
Because of his lapse of doctrine inculcation, there is absolutely no way that Peter is going to handle these things until he gets wise and gets Bible doctrine. It is a long way from Peter’s failure, as we just noted, to 2 Peter 1, where in his dying moments he says the most important thing in life is Bible doctrine, and that Bible doctrine must be more real to you than people, things, and life itself. When that is true then you have it right. He’s a long way from there during the arrest, but he will get there.
1. Sincerity plus ignorance equals disorientation to the Plan of God and malfunction within it.
2. The Plan of God is perfect, Peter’s is imperfect and the Father will not allow Peter’s plan to intrude upon His Plan. The Father never permits human viewpoint, ingenuity, or sincerity to intrude upon His Plan.
3. Peter’s sincerity and ignorance of doctrine makes him a producer of human good. There is no place in the Plan of God for human good.
4. Peter’s admirable motivation and good intentions are neutralised by ignorance of Bible doctrine (which has led him into the early stages of reversionism).
5. Ignorance is not bliss! Happiness is bliss, not ignorance. Happiness in Phase Two (the spiritual life) is based upon knowledge of Bible doctrine.
6. Peter is fearless; he is not a coward, yet his ignorance of doctrine makes his courage and noble motivation useless.
7. Ignorance of doctrine neutralises the best of motives and destroys the nobility of the individual; it disorients the believer to the grace of God.
II. Primary Teaching:
Chapter 14 Outline:
Vs. 1-7, The promise of eternal security
Vs. 8-14, The fellowship of the Father and the Son
Vs. 15-17, Promised indwelling of the Helper (God the Holy Spirit)
Vs. 18-21, The indwelling Spirit as the basis for our fellowship with the Father and the Son and understanding of the Word of God
Vs. 22-26, Summarizing the previous two topics.
Vs. 27-31, Sharing the Happiness of God – Problem Solving Device 10. This is achieved by doing the will of God even in the midst of opposition from Satan’s cosmic system.
Chapter 15 Outline:
B. What to do with God’s provisions
Vs, 1-5, Divine Good Production.
Vs. 6, Warning to the unproductive believer
Vs 7-10, Faith Application of the Word produces divine good
Vs. 11, Divine good produces inner happiness
Vs. 12-13, Impersonal Love motivates divine good production
Vs. 14-15, Faith Application results in intimacy with Christ
Vs. 16-17, Predestined to glorify God
Vs. 18-21, Obstructions to divine good production
Vs. 22 -25, The reason for the world’s rejection
Vs. 26-27, The Spirit leads us in triumph
Chapter 16 Outline:
Vs. 1-6, The Importance of preparedness.
Vs. 7-15, Further instructions regarding the Holy Spirit
Vs. 16-22, Christ’s departure and Second Coming
Vs. 23-28, Summary on the Power available to us through prayer
Vs. 29-33, Final words of encouragement
Jesus ends His discourse with a prayer in chapter 17 sealing with the Father the things He just taught while applying much of the outline prayer in Mat 6:9-12.