Chapter 13 Outline:
Vs 1, The Love of Jesus Christ.
Vs 2, 18, 21-30, Demon influence and possession
Vs 3, Personal Sense of Destiny – Plan of God – Dominion, Advent, Seated at the Right hand of the Father
Vs. 4, Priestly, humble servant hood of Jesus Christ – Preparation for service
Vs. 5, Humility for service
Vs. 6-7, Peter’s Objection due to Ignorance. The Doctrine of GAP
Vs. 8-11, Peter’s misguided zeal and our Lord’s Response. Washing of the feet, not salvation cleansing but experiential sanctification. He shows them the Rebound technique. 1 John 1:9
Vs. 12, Learn from this picture, Christ’s Completed Work for our Spiritual Perfection.
Vs. 13-15, Jesus is our Teacher and Lord, our Role Model.
Vs. 16-20, Five principles from Foot Washing.
Vs. 16, 1) The servant must have Authority Orientation
Vs. 17, 2) Knowledge and application of Bible Doctrine results in Happiness.
Vs. 18, 3) God’s Omniscience does not violate our human volition
Vs. 19, 4) Bible doctrine prepares the believer for shocking behavior
Vs. 20, 5) Bible doctrine is perpetuated after the death of Christ.
Vs. 21-30, Concerning His Betrayal. Grace in Action.
John 13:21, “When Jesus had said this, He became troubled in spirit, and testified and said, “Truly, truly, I say to you, that one of you will betray Me.”
The first verb of note in this passage is the word “troubled“, which is TARASSO in the Greek. It means to stir up, to trouble, to agitate, shaken, etc. Here it is in the Aorist, Passive, Indicative. Which means that Jesus received the action of the being agitated at the thought of Judas’ betrayal.
With this is the Neuter Dative of Sphere for TO PNEUMA meaning “in the sphere of his spirit”.
Jesus in His deity is not troubled. God can not be agitated. This is a reference to His humanity, so He was troubled “in spirit,” referring to His human spirit. Sometimes, though rarely, the word means life in general and sometimes the combination of soul and spirit. But the point is that the inner life of Jesus’ humanity was disturbed as would be the case in any organization that had a traitor in its midst.
So His spirit was rocked to the core, as it were, knowing what was about to happen. The betrayal begins the process that eventually results in His crucifixion.
This word is used elsewhere in describing Jesus’ emotional response to adversity.
1) John 11:33, Jesus deeply moved at the death of a dear friend Lazarus.
2) John 12:27, “Now My soul has become troubled; and what shall I say, ‘Father, save Me from this hour’? But for this purpose I came to this hour.”
3) It is also used in John 14:1 when in comforting the disciples Jesus did not want them to be distressed in spirit so He told them a Biblical promise, “in my Father’s house are many dwelling places”, also see verse 27.
4) Finally we see how others can cause us to be distressed, Gal 1:7; 5:10.
Then we have the word for “testified” which is MARTUREO in the Aorist, Active, Indicative and means to bear witness, to testify, give evidence or add testimony.
We would say that Jesus “gave evidence”. This means that He is now presenting evidence as the star witness on the witness stand in Satan’s appeal trial of the Angelic Conflict.
John 18:37, “Therefore Pilate said to Him, “So You are a king?” Jesus answered, “You say correctly that I am a king. For this I have been born, and for this I have come into the world, to testify to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth hears My voice.””
“Truly, truly“, as we noted in verse 20 is a point of Bible Doctrine, and in this case Biblical prophecy.
“One of you“, it will be Judas Iscariot as we will soon see.
Then we have “will betray” which is the Greek compound word we have noted previously under the Doctrine of Betrayal, PARADIDOMI. It is made up from PARA and DIDOMI. PARA is a preposition meaning, “from beside, by the side of, by, beside, or above”. DIDOMI meaning, “to give”. So PARADIDOMI comes to mean, “to hand over, to give or deliver over, or to betray”.
It is in the Future, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular indicating that Judas Iscariot has not betrayed Him as yet, but this will occur before the night is over. The parallel verses to this are in Mat 26:21, Mark 14:18 and Luke 22:21.
A.T. Robertson states, “Jesus had said a year ago that “one of you is a devil” (John 6:70), but it made no such stir then. Now it was a bolt from the blue sky as Jesus swept his eyes around and looked at the disciples.”
Then in verses 22-25 we see the disciple’s reaction.
John 13:22-25, “The disciples began looking at one another, at a loss to know of which one He was speaking. 23There was reclining at the height of Jesus’ chest one of His disciples, whom Jesus loved. 24So Simon Peter gestured to him, and said to him, “Tell us who it is of whom He is speaking.” 25He, leaning back again at the height of Jesus’ chest, said to Him, “Lord, who is it?””
Verse 22, The Greek for “began looking“, BLEPO, tells us there wasn’t a prolonged staring. It means a quick glance. So in bewilderment they assessed one another. APOREO means, “to be at a loss”, be perplexed, to be confused.
Verse 23, The two words ANAKEIMAI meaning reclining and KOLPOS meaning bosom come to mean, “to recline at a table during a meal“. They didn’t sit at tables in the ancient world. The Romans had a couch on which they semi-reclined, feet at one end and head at the other. It means to recline at a table during a meal with one’s head at the level of someone’s chest. There is no leaning on a chest. KOLPOS doesn’t even have to refer to the chest, it also refers to the fold formed by a loose garment so it could be the fold of the garment over the chest. So John’s head is where the garment folds over the chest.
“Whom Jesus loved“. This is John the son of Zebedee and brother of James. This is John’s description of himself of which he was particularly proud, John 19:26; 20:2; 21:7, 20. It is the Imperfect, Active, Indicative of AGAPAO. The Ingressive Imperfect is used to indicate that Jesus began to have a relaxed mental attitude love toward John that continued on afterwards. This gives us a sense that Jesus had fewer problems, as it were, from John than from any of the other disciples. He had a relaxed mental attitude towards John.
Verse 24, Peter makes of request of John to ask Jesus of whom He was talking about with a “gesture“, that is a nod of his head. Because of the close proximity of John and potentially the close relationship they had, Peter was hoping that Jesus would tell John who it was. The Greek word is NEUO, which means to nod, or to signal with a gesture. It is often used for a face signal. Since Peter knew that he himself was not the traitor he wanted to know who the traitor was.
Verse 25, John gets the signal, readjusts himself at the table, resuming the relaxed position he was in (but not with his head on Jesus’ chest, just near it or at the height of it) and confidently asks “who is it”.
Verse 26, Jesus then responds positively to the request, keeping His earlier promise of “telling them before it happens”, verse 19. He tells them, “it is the one for whom I shall dip the morsel and give it to him.”
Jesus did not blurt it out at this point to all of them. Instead he responded privately to John, which gives Judas great privacy until he acts. This is also seen in verses 28-29. This is a second grace act on the part of our Lord. The first was not hindering Judas’ volitional privacy.
So what was this dipping of the bread all about? In ancient times there was a point in the meal when someone was given a special reward. PSOMION for “morsel” is a special piece of bread dipped in some meat sauce, and it was always kept in the center of the table. It was given between the main course and the desert. No one would touch the plate until the host picked up a piece of bread and dipped it into this delicious sauce, and then offer it to one of the guests. This was a high honor, a special honor. When the person accepted it then the others were free to dip into the sauce themselves.
“So when He had dipped the morsel (PSOMION) He took and gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot.”
1) Even unbelievers are to be given grace in the hopes of salvation. This was a very unique grace appeal. Jesus knew that Judas was a traitor and was already making arrangements to betray Him, and yet Jesus not only gave him his privacy, but also in offering him the PSOMION He offered him the highest honor from the host. In effect, whoever received the PSOMION became the guest of honor. Judas Iscariot was the honored guest at the Last Supper! That it grace!
2) Everyone is given one last chance for salvation, but unbelieving reversionism is a hard nut to crack. This was also the final invitation to salvation, the greatest of all grace appeals, but Judas Iscariot was an unbeliever in reversionism. When Judas accepted the honor of the morsel he perpetuated the hypocrisy of reversionism to the fullest. He accepted this high honor with negative volition in his soul. Jesus offered him this last chance and when he turned it down he becomes the first recorded person to be indwelt personally by Satan.
3) God’s love and grace never gives up on anyone, neither should you! God’s love and grace never gave up on Judas Iscariot, nor does it give up on anyone else. God is a gentleman and He cannot go against the volition of the individual. Judas was negative to the end and is a typical illustration of an unbeliever with scar tissue of the soul leading to emotional revolt of the soul which result in reversionism.
The Doctrine of Judas Iscariot
1. His opportunities:
a. He was from the tribe of Judah, the same tribe as our Lord Jesus Christ; in effect, the ruling tribe of Israel, John 6:71. “Iscariot” or man of Kerioth tells us he was part of the tribe of Judah, Josh 15:25. Judas was the only one of the twelve not a Galilean.
b. Judas was called by Jesus Christ, Mat 10:4; Mark 3:19; Luke 6:16.
c. He was numbered as one of the twelve, Mat 10:4.
d. He was the treasurer, John 12:6, 13:29.
e. He was also present at the Last Supper, John 13:26.
The implications are that he was present at all of the discourses of our Lord between the time of his call and the time of the Last Supper.
2. His sowing:
a. He allowed himself to fall under demonic influence, John 13:2.
b. He protested the honoring of the Lord with perfume, John 12:3-9.
c. He was covetous, John 12:4-6.
d. He was a thief, John 12:6.
e. He bargained to betray the Lord Jesus Christ, Mark 14:10-11.
f. He was bribed to become a traitor, Mat 26:14-16.
g. He opened his heart to evil resulting in Satan’s possession during the betrayal, Luke 22:3; John 13:27.
As we saw previously, Jesus dealt with Judas in absolute grace. Our Lord honored him by giving him volitional privacy and the honorable morsel to dip after the main course. Judas repays our Lord’s gracious honor by kissing Him on the cheek, not out of love or friendship but to identify Him as a criminal, Mat 26:14, 47-50, Mark 14:43-45; Luke 22:47-48. Notice Jesus’ reply, in Mat 26:50, as He still calls Judas, “friend”.
3. His reaping:
a. Because of his betrayal, his name is always listed last among the lists of apostles.
b. He was demonically influence and possessed. Luke 22:3; John 13:2; 27.
c. Our Lord knew he was of the devil and would betray Him, John 6:64; 70-71.
d. He willfully betrayed the Lord, Mat 26:20-25; John 13:26-30.
e. He had remorse for his actions yet did not come to repentant salvation, Mat 27:3-5.
1) When Judas saw that Jesus was condemned, he was conscience stricken. Judas felt sorry for what he had done.
2) He confessed his sin when returning the silver, “I have betrayed innocent blood”.
3) He was sincere in his sorrow for what he had done.
4) He made restitution and gave back the 30 pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders.
5) Confession of sin(s) is for the believer only. Repentance, confessing sins and doing good works does not save anyone and neither was Judas saved by these actions. Judas Iscariot was an unbeliever and was not forgiven just because he confessed his sin or was sorrowful or gave back the money, nor did any of these things bring him salvation. Salvation is found only one way and that is through faith in the Savior alone, Eph 2:8-9, and Judas did not believe who Jesus truly was or why He had come.
f. He committed suicide due to his remorse, Mat 27:5.
g. His failed attempt resulted in crashing down onto a rock pile, Acts 1:16-20.
h. He became a type of the antichrist, John 17:12 cf. 2 Thes 2:3
John 17:12, “While I was with them, I was keeping them in Your name which You have given Me; and I guarded them and not one of them perished (were destroyed) but the son of perdition (destruction), so that the Scripture would be fulfilled.”
2 Thes 2:3, “Let no one in any way deceive you, for it will not come unless the Rapture comes first, and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of perdition (destruction).”
i. He was assigned “to his own place”, Hades, Acts 1:25 cf. Mat 26:24.
We now turn to the first half of verse 27, “And after the morsel, Satan then entered into him.”
“And after the morsel“, KAI META in the Accusative means “and after” with HO PSOMION, “the morsel of honor“.
“Then“, is next in the Greek with the Adverb TOTE. It is an adverb of time, which means, “then”, “at which time” or “at that time”.
“Satan” is SATANAS meaning adversary, which is a title of the person we call Satan or the Devil, see verse 2. This is the only time the word Satan occurs in this Gospel. See also Luke 22:3.
Outline of Satan:
Originally, Satan was called Lucifer, the Son of Light. He was the bright and shining angel in the throne room of God, the highest ranking creature of all time, the most beautiful and attractive in appearance and personality, and became the ruler of all fallen angels Mat 8:28, 9:34, 12:26; Luke 11:18-19.
He was the most perfect and beautiful creature to come from the hand of God. He has a voice like a pipe organ. He is superior in genius, beauty, personality, persuasiveness, and is invisible. As a creature Satan had a throne, “I will raise my throne above the stars (angels) of God.”
He is a prehistoric super‑creature, Isa 14:12-17; Ezek 28:11-19. He was so brilliant in his defense during God’s trial that God created man to resolve the conflict.
Once his fall occurred in prehistoric times, he was called SATAN in the Hebrew, which means “enemy and adversary,” having greater power than we have. However, Satan’s power is not greater than God’s power.
He is the principal figure of the demonic world that is hostile to God and his will. In the Old Testament (for example, the Book of Job), Satan is presented as a distinct personality of darkness and accusation.
The chief of the fallen angels appears under at least forty designations. Of these some are descriptive titles and some are proper names. When he is called “the accuser of our brethren” (Rev. 12:10), a descriptive title appears.
In reviewing his names and tiles there is much revealed about him. For example:
Satan, adversary, resister, and is Hebrew in origin; Rev 12:9
Devil, which means accuser, or slanderer, and is Greek in origin, Mat 4:1;
Lucifer, son of the morning, which is his title in heaven before his fall, Isa 14:12;
Abaddon-Hebrew, Apollyon-Greek, destroyer, Rev 9:11;
Angel of the Abyss (bottomless Pit), leader of criminal fallen angels, Rev 9:11;
Angel of light (in disguise), 2 Cor 11:14
Accuser of the Brethren, Rev 12:10;
Adversary, 1 Peter 5:8;
Beelzebub, lord of the flies, Mat 12:24, Mark 3:22;
Rulers of demons, Mat 12:24;
Ruler of this world, John 12:31; 14:30;
Ruler of darkness, Eph 6:12;
Prince of the power of the air, Eph 2:2;
God of this world, 2 Cor 4:4
Belial, a false god, 2 Cor 6:15, 2 Sam 23:6;
Dragon, which implies his power; Rev 20:2;
Evil One, Mat 13:19;
Murderer, John 8:44;
Roaring Lion, 1 Pet 5:8;
Serpent, which implies his guile, Gen 3:4, Rev 20:2;
Tempter, Mat 4:3;
Unclean Spirit, Mat 12:43.
Because of Satan’s power, he is the source of disease, death, and miracle cures, Psa 109:6‑13. As a result of demon possession, certain abnormal activities occur. Satan uses demons to do many of the following.
1. He blinds through religion, verse 7.
2. He shortens life, verse 8a.
3. He removes people from authority, verse 8b.
4. He has the power of death, verse 9.
5. He persecutes children, verse 10.
6. He removes wealth, verse 11.
7. He turns everyone against you, verse 12.
8. He cuts off posterity to the second generation, verse 13.
9. He is a killer, Heb 2:14‑15; 1 John 3:8; Job 1:12, 18‑19; John 8:44; 1 John 3:12.
10. He executes believers under the sin unto death, 1 Cor 5:5; 1 Tim 1:19‑20.
The goal of Satan is to destroy God’s people and discredit the cause of Christ. He is not to be taken lightly. He is real. Our responsibility is to become aware of his methods but not be preoccupied by them.
We have greater power in us than Satan has. 1 John 4:4, “You are from God, little children, and have overcome them; because greater is He who is in you than he who is in the world.”
Back in verse John 13:27 the next phrase is “entered into“. It is in the Ingressive Aorist, Active, Indicative of EISERCHOMAI, which means, to go in, enter, to come inside, etc. stressing the entrance into this state of satanic possession while viewing the entirety of the action.
The word for “him” is the Demonstrative, Pronominal Adjective EKEINOS meaning, “that one”, “he” or “him”. This is a pronoun of remote reference and sets Judas apart from the company of the disciples.
So here we see the possession of Judas Iscariot’s body by Satan. This is after the indictment of the previous verse in which Judas accepted the highest honor at the dinner, while being in negative volition and in reversionism.
After the last offer, when the morsel of honor was offered to Judas, he had the greatest opportunity to accept Christ as his savior, right then and there. The token of redemption and peace (found in the bread of life) which Jesus had offered, if it did not soften his heart would harden it. Unfortunately for Judas, he took the honor but he did not take Christ as savior.
The last thing necessary for Judas Iscariot to be Satan possessed had occurred. He needed one more negative signal and he was qualified. It came when he took the morsel of honor but refused to believe in Christ as savior. As a result he left himself wide open for Satan’s possession and Satan took that opportunity.
The case of Satan’s possession noted here is quite unusual. There are only two cases of Satan possession recorded in the Word of God. The first case is here and the second is the dictator of the revived Roman Empire in 2 Thes 2:8-12.
Satan possessing members of the human race does not occur during the Church Age, only demon possession does. This is because of the restraining ministry of God the Holy Spirit during this stage of the intensified Angelic Conflict, 2 Thes 2:6-7. Demon possession, however, does continue throughout the Church Age.
Judas Iscariot surrendered not only his soul but his body also to Satan. For this reason two men in history will have maximum reversionism and live. Therefore they are called “sons of perdition (destruction)”, Judas Iscariot in John 17:12, and the dictator of the revived Roman empire in 2 Thes 2:3.
The word “perdition” is APOLEIA which means destruction or ruin. It is derived from the verb APOLLUMI (from destruction). There is another word that comes from APOLLUMI, which is Apollyon in Rev 9:11, used for Satan himself. So the word perdition indicates being alive but totally ruined because you are no longer your own master, you are controlled by Satan.
When Judas accepted the sop, he finally yielded to Satan, who entered into him, making Judas a child of the devil, John 8:44. Like the Holy Spirit, Satan works in and through human bodies and wills that are surrendered to him.
The Bible speaks of four different kinds of “spiritual children.”
1. We are born by nature children of wrath, Eph. 2:3.
2. When we reach the age of accountability and deliberately sin, we become children of disobedience, Eph 2:2.
3. When we put faith in Christ, we become the children of God, John 1:12.
4. The person who finally rejects the Savior and prefers self-righteousness (the devil’s substitute) becomes a child of the devil.
See Mat 13:24-30, 36-43, where the children of the devil are portrayed as counterfeit Christians.
Jesus pointed out the characteristics of the children of the devil in John 8:
1. They will not give place to the Word of God (v. 37).
2. They trust in the flesh, human works (v. 39).
3. They hate Christ and seek to kill Him (vv. 40, 44), Satan is a murderer and his children imitate him.
4. They do not love Christ or the things of Christ (v. 42).
5. They do not understand the Word, blinded by Satan (v. 43).
6. They are liars and love lies more than the truth (v. 44).
7. They will not hear the Word of God; they hate it (v. 47).
Remember, these “children of the devil” were not grossly immoral people; they were self-righteous religious people who rejected Christ. Many people today are deluded by Satan into an outward form of godliness that lacks the power of the Gospel, but these people think they are truly saved and going to heaven.
There are four major demon attacks on the human race.
a. The genetic attack on the antediluvian civilization in Gen 6:1-13.
b. The attack of demon influence, Cosmic viewpoint and distraction.
c. The attack of demon possession.
d. The attack of demon armies in the Tribulation, Rev 9.
Doctrine of Demon Possession
1 All demons are fallen angels under the command of Satan, in contrast to elect angels under the command of God.
2. Satan is the ruler of demons, Mat 9:34, 12:24; Mark 3:22; Luke 11:15.
3. Demons are called ministers of Satan, Luke 4:32‑36, 9:1, 4:2; John 10:21.
4. Demons are well-organized under Satan, Eph 6:10‑12. There is rank and authority in Satan’s organization. Every angel is smarter than all human beings.
2. “Rulers of this world”= counter intelligence
3. “ Principalities” = Generals in Satan’s forces
4. “Spiritual wickedness in high place” = privates, lower rank demons to
B. Biblical nomenclature.
a. SAIR means hairy, shaggy, rough one; used for a he‑goat, or a demon; a satyr. Lev 17:7; 2 Chron 11:15; Isa 13:21, 34:14.
b. SHED means idols or demons; idols represent demons. It also means “destroyers,” a reference to human child sacrifice, Deut 32:17; Psa 106:37.
a. DAIMON means demon, Mat 8:31; Mark 5:12; Luke 8:29; Rev 16:14. This word almost always refers to a disembodied spirit, compare with Mat 12:43-45.
b. DAIMONION refers to a specific category of demons determined by the context, Mat 7:22, 9:33-34, 12:24-28; Mark 1:34, 39; Luke 4:33-35, 41, 8:27-38, 11:14-20; John 8:48-52; 1 Cor 10:20‑21.
c. DAIMONIODES means demonic, James 3:15.
d. DAIMONIZOMAI means to be demon possessed or to be tormented by a demon, Mat 8:16, 28, 33; 15:22; Mark 5:15-16, 18; or to be influenced by a demon.
C. Demon possession versus demon influence.
1. Demon possession is defined as demon invasion of the body of the unbeliever only. Generally, this occurs through the phallic cult or some form of way-out religion.
2. In contrast, demon influence is the demon invasion of the soul with satanic thought. Satanic thought isn’t just expressed in terms of evil, but in terms of improving this world, doing nice things for your fellow man, and supporting crusades. It is false thinking comprising of the policy and principles by which Satan operates.
3. All demonic activity is related to man’s free will; human consent must be involved. Demon possession never occurs apart from human consent whereby some form of bad decision is made, so that the demon can invade the body of the unbeliever only.
4. The believer is indwelt by God the Holy Spirit who makes a temple out of the body of the believer, 1 Cor 6:19-20. A demon cannot dwell in that temple.
5. The attack on the unbeliever is to line him up with Satan’s policy. The attack on the believer is to discredit him and to utilize him in some way against the Lord.
6. Decisions or methods that result in demon possession include:
a. Idolatry, 1 Cor 10:19-21. Wherever idolatry is practiced today there are demons behind the idols.
b. Drug addiction. Users of drugs are all liable to demon possession in the case of unbelievers, or demon influence in the case of those who are born again, Gal 5:20.
c. The phallic cult is a basis for contact with demons, Isa 2:6; Luke 8:2; Mark 16:9. This includes demonic orgiastic response, auto-eroticism, lesbianism, homosexuality, verbal response demons, promiscuity demons, group orgies, human sacrifice, idolatry, and unrestrained sexual lust. (In themselves, these things do not imply demon possession.)
d. Mental attitude sins carried to the extreme. Many cases of neurosis and psychosis are cases of demon influence, Mark 5, where the demon-possessed individuals had all of the characteristics of psychosis.
e. Religious reversionistic sensitivity, dabbling in the occult, playing with the Quija board, consulting mediums, the function of necromancy, Isa 8:19. This is designed to turn the body and soul over to some higher type of power, i.e. demons.
7. However, idolatry is the basic system for demon possession, as taught in Lev 17:7; Deut 32:17; Psa 96:5, 106:37-39.
8. Demon influence, by way of contrast, is the infiltration of satanic thought into the soul of a believer or unbeliever, 1 Tim 4:1; Eph 4:17, or the substitution of emotion for thought. The believer enters demon influence through the various stages of reversionism.
9. Satan uses certain demons to produce disease or physical handicaps in human beings, Job 2:6-8; Mat 12:22; Luke 13:16; Acts 10:38. Demon influence attacks the body through demon‑induced illness. When the mentality of the soul is in certain conditions, it brings on certain kinds of diseases.
D. Demonism related to idolatry and human sacrifice.
1. Sacrifice to demons is prohibited by God, Lev 17:7; Deut 32:17.
2. Heathen nations and their worship was strictly demon possessed and influenced, Psa 96:5. The idols of these nations were demons.
3. Demon worship and idolatry included the most horrible sexual practices, such as rape, homosexuality, bestiality, and the sacrifice of children, Psa 106:37‑39.
E. Two goals of Demon possession:
1.Angels of Light; They appear as servants of righteousness to deceive the weak into believing various falsehoods purported to be “true worship” or Christianity, 2 Cor 11:13-15.
a. They teach a worthless savior:
1) John warned his readers to test the spirits, for demons influence false (human) prophets, 1 John 4:1-4. A major test of orthodoxy, though not the only one, was the affirmation of the reality of the Incarnation; for if Christ had not taken on Himself a human body He could not have died and been our Savior.
2) Paul also warned of this attack on the Incarnation in the teachings of demons, 1 Tim 3:16-4:3. If 3:16 is a summary of truth contained in what was likely part of an early Christian hymn, then we may assume that demons attack not only the Incarnation, but also the historical resurrection and ascension of the Lord.
b. They teach a works salvation, 1 Tim 4:3-4: By promoting asceticism as a good work, they replace the grace of God with a works program for salvation.
c. They teach a libertine ethic: The “deep things of Satan,” undoubtedly promoted by his demons, attempt to teach people that wrong is right, Rev 2:20-24.
2. Roaring Lions, 1Peter 5:8. They are wicked, unclean, and vicious. Many passages might be quoted in proof of this statement.
Mat 8:28, “When He came to the other side into the country of the Gadarenes, two men who were demon-possessed met Him as they were coming out of the tombs. They were so extremely violent that no one could pass by that way.”
Mat 10:1, “Jesus summoned His twelve disciples and gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every kind of disease and every kind of sickness.”
3. There seem to be degrees of wickedness represented by these spirits. Mat 12:43-45 states that the demon, returning to his house, “takes with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself.”
4. Demon possession explains supernatural phenomena. Supernatural phenomena includes such things as “divine healing,” speaking in tongues, the rise of certain world rulers, certain wars, anti-Semitism, contacting the dead, etc. Demons attack both through weirdo activity and antithetically through culture and intellect.
F. Demon Possession Today:
1. The question is often raised whether demon possession exists at the present time. Although the authentic records of such control are mostly limited to the three years of the public ministry of Jesus, it is improbable that demon possession did not exist before that time, or has not existed since. It is reasonable to conclude that they like their monarch adapt their manner of activity to the culture of the age and locality. In the case of cultural recognition of God’s Divine Institutions and divine establishment principles, God will impede gross demon activity, which results in the more sublime nature of false righteousness. In the case of cultures where there is an absence of that authority orientation, the more extravagant the manifestations of demon possession. Therefore, it is evident that they are not now less inclined than before to enter and dominate a body.
2. Demon possession in the present time is often unsuspected because of the generally unrecognized fact that demons are capable of inspiring a moral and exemplary life. This is further disguised by appearing as the dominating spirit of a “spiritist” or “medium”.
3. Missionaries observing conditions in heathen lands record the grosser manifestations of demon possession. These demons too, like their king, sometimes appear as “angels of light” but more often as “roaring lions”.
One description of voodoo possession in the country of Haiti is as follows. “The subject enters a trance like state (usually after undergoing convulsions), during which one of the loas enters his or her body and ‘rides’ it. The human personality is displaced by the superhuman, the human features take on the characteristics of the spirit’s desire (masculine or feminine, good or evil, old or young, crafty or honest), and the human throat utters the Ion’s words, some of them in wholly unintelligible ‘tongues.’ The possession may last minutes or hours or sometimes days, during which time the person invaded by the spirit is fed the spirit’s favorite food and drink (often quite impossible for unpossessed humans to consume) and offered his favorite diversions. Afterward, the human remembers nothing of his behavior as a god” (Carter Harman, “The West Indies,” Life World Library [New York: Time, Inc., 1963], pp. 53-4).
4. The characteristics of demon-possession can be as varied as the activities of demons, ranging from mild to severe and even bizarre. A few specific symptoms of demon-possession are described in the Bible, which includes the following physical and mental abnormalities like:
a) Dumbness, blindness, and convulsions, Mat 9:32-33; 12:22, 17:15-18; Mark 1:26, 9:20; Luke 9:39
b) Tendencies to self-destruction, Mat 17:15; Mark 5:5; Luke 9:42
c) Abnormally violent, Mat 8:28
d) Inflict suffering, illnesses and deformities, Mark 9:20; Luke 9:29, 13:11-17
e) Insanity, Mark 5:5; Luke 8:26-35, John 10:20
f) Nakedness in public, Luke 8:27
g) Grinding the teeth, Mark 9:18
h) Living among dead bodies, Mark 5:3
i) Superhuman strength, Mark 5:3-4; Luke 8:29; Acts 19:15-16
j) Occult powers, Acts 16:16-18
Satan uses healers in his false system of religion. Satan orders the removal of a demon induced illness and the person appears to be cured. He also “heals” in certain strategic times, like during the tribulation, Mat 24:24; Acts 19:13-14; 2 Thes 2:9; Rev 16:14.
Though demons can do these things in people, this does not mean that all illness comes from demon activity. The Bible clearly distinguishes demon-induced diseases from illnesses due to other more natural causes, Mat 4:24; Mark 1:32-42; Luke 7:21; 9:1; Acts 5:16.
Mat 4:24, “The news about Him spread throughout all Syria; and they brought to Him all who were ill, those suffering with various diseases and pains, demoniacs, epileptics, paralytics; and He healed them.”
G. Demonism and judgment:
1. Demonism and possession was the basis for the administration of capital punishment, Lev 20:27. Authority Orientation is necessary to restrain demonism.
2. Jesus Christ controls history by the restraint of demonism.
a. An example of his control was the first-born judgment on Egypt, Ex 12:12. At the same time, demons were also judged, Num 33:4. Without the judgment of demons in Egypt, Israel would not have become a nation. Conversely, demons are powerless to change the course of history, Isa 19:3.
3. The nations of Canaan were destroyed because of their demon activity, Deut 18:9‑12. The same is true of Athens, Persia, Assyria, and the Mycenaeans. Military disaster can occur because of demon influenced leadership.
4. The practice of necromancy was the cause of personal judgment to Saul and Manasseh, 1 Chron 10:13‑14; 2 Kings 21:2‑9. The Jews reached the lowest form of apostasy because of demon activity.
5. Demonism brings the fifth cycle of discipline to a nation, Isa 47; Jer 27:6‑10.
6. Nebuchadnezzar came to Jerusalem on the basis of divination, Ezek 21:21ff.
H. Demon possession is a source of the present tongues movement:
1. Tongues was a sign to warn the Jews of the coming of the fifth cycle of discipline. They were warned by being evangelized in foreign languages for forty years. Isa 28:9‑13 is said to be fulfilled in 1 Cor 14:21‑22.
1 Corinthians 1:22-24, “For indeed Jews ask for signs and Greeks search for wisdom; but we preach Christ crucified, to Jews a stumbling block and to Gentiles foolishness, but to those who are the called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.”
2. The first historical reference in Acts 2:1‑11 states that the purpose is to turn cursing into blessing.
3. Tongues was given to the Gentiles in the early church at or just after salvation as part of the sign to Israel. To show that the Gentiles were also partakers of the gifts of the Holy Spirit entering them into the Royal Family of God for the Church Age, Acts 10:27-48. It also demonstrated the beginning of the change over of client nation status from Jews to Gentiles, Rom 12:11-25, 30.
4. After the fall of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. and the completion of the canon of scriptures, the gift was removed, 1 Cor 13:8‑10.
5. Tongues continues to be perpetuated by Satan for his use in the Tribulation, 2 Thes 2:7‑12.
6. The mechanics of tongues is related to the Engastramuthos (ventriloquist) demons, Isa 8:19, 29:4; Rev 16:13‑14.
7. Tongues is a satanic cheap substitute for doctrine, 2 Cor 6:11‑16; Rom 16:17‑20.
8. Tongues becomes an authorized spiritual function again only in the millennium, Joel 2:28‑29.
I. Should we be afraid of Demon Possession or the Demon Possessed? 1 John 4:4; 2 Tim 1:7
“At times I hear people talking about demons, and I am amazed at the great power they ascribe to the devil and his cohorts. While I certainly believe in demonic power, I don’t quake at the thought of it. I am in union with One who is so far greater than all the demons of hell put together that there truly is no comparison. The devil is a creature, made by God and always under God’s dominion. He exists only because God allows him to exist. He has no authority over God, no ability to win a victory over God, and no power equal to that of God. As believers, we should give very little credit to the devil and demons. They exist, they exert influence, but they are totally within the confines of God’s authority. The Bible states very clearly that the Holy Spirit resident in us is far superior to any power manifested by evil. John wrote, “You are of God, little children, and have overcome them (the false teachers, antichrists that reject the Person of Christ), because He who is in you is greater than he who is in the world” (1 John 4:4)”. (Charles Stanley on Satan, Our Unmet Needs, page 33)
1. Demon possession can only occur to an unbeliever.
2. Demon possession never occurs apart from human consent, either consciously or unwittingly.
3. Some bad decision is made which results in demon invasion of the body of the unbeliever.
4. These decisions are related to cosmic involvement, idolatry, the occult, drugs, etc.
5. The phallic cult uses human sacrifice, idolatry, and unrestrained sexual lust.
6. Idolatry is a basic system for demon possession.
7. Passive submission to demons is accomplished through drug addiction, idolatry, the phallic cult, the deliberate development of emotional revolt of the soul, the satanic mass, and any prolonged involvement in the cosmic system.
8. Active submission to demon possession can be both violent and painful, Luke 13:11-17. This woman was positive, trying to get to Jesus and apparently couldn’t speak because of the demon.
a. Whenever Jesus cast out a demon there was always some arrogant, self‑righteous, person standing around to challenge exorcism by Jesus, Mat 12:22-28; Luke 13:11-15.
b. In Mark 3:15, Jesus delegated the authority of exorcism to his disciples. In Acts 5:16, 8:7, 19:12, He delegated that authority to the apostles of the church.
9. Because demon possession involves human sacrifice, it was the basis for capital punishment under the laws of divine establishment, Lev 20:27.
10. In the control of historical trends, our Lord often judges demon activity, Ex 12:12.
11. Demons are powerless to control history, Isa 19:3.
12. Demon activity results in the administration of the fifth cycle of discipline, Deut 18:9-12.
13. Demons are often used by God for the administration of the sin unto death, 1 Cor 5:5; 1 Tim 1:19-20.
14. Demonization of a nation results in the destruction of that nation, Isa 47; Jer 27:6-10.
15. Satan uses certain demons to produce disease. Some diseases are demon induced. Healing is often Satan removing one of his demons to produce a cure.
16. Demon possession is a source of the current tongues movement.
17. The believer should not fear demon possession or the demon possessed.
18. Demon influence, like the activity of Satan, is prompted by two motives: both to hinder the purpose of God for humanity, and to extend the authority of Satan. Those demonically influenced, therefore, at the command of their king, willingly cooperate in all his God-dishonoring undertakings. Their influence is exercised both to mislead the unsaved and to wage an unceasing warfare against the believer, Eph 6:12.
John 13:2, 27, “During supper, the devil having already put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, to betray Him; (v.27) After the morsel, Satan then entered into him. Therefore Jesus said to him, “What you do, do quickly.””
The Second half of verse 27 states, “Therefore Jesus said to him, ‘What you do, do quickly’.”
Here we have LEGO OUN AUTOS HO IESOUS
OUN means therefore, then or so. It is a transitional conjunction. The transition is as follows: Satan had possessed Judas, Jesus then gives him a command to leave.
“Said” is LEGO meaning, “to say”, is in the Historical Present (with a past tense force), Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular. Here Jesus is speaking to the Satan possessed Judas Iscariot. The asterisk in the NASB indicates a past tense English usage for a word in the Greek that has a Historical Present tense force used in this case to vividly indicate the transition of topic. The Satan possessed Judas is removed from the scene.
AUTOS is the pronoun for “him” in the Third Person, Singular, Dative of Indirect Object case where the object is indirectly affected by the action of the verb. Jesus is saying something to the Satan possessed Judas. So “to him” is how it is translated.
“What you do, do quickly” – HOS POIEO POIEO TACHUS.
The first POIEO is in the Present, Active, Indicative, Second Person Singular and it should be translated, “What you are doing. In other words Jesus is saying “you are already betraying me in your soul”.
He then gives the second POIEO as a command, “do quickly!” POIEO here is in the Aorist, Active, Imperative, Second Person, Singular. This is an Ingressive Aorist meaning, “begin to do it”. The Imperative mood is used for the command.
This is linked with the comparative adverb TACHUS that means quick or swift. The comparative is between the betrayal that Judas has been doing in his heart that includes what he has previously done to set up the betrayal of our Lord, with the final act of leading the Pharisees to him in order to arrest him.
Therefore we could say, “what you are doing (betraying me in your heart), do more swiftly (overtly)”.
Jesus commands Judas who is under the personal control of the devil to act more quickly than originally planned. The original plan might have been to leave after supper or sometime the next morning, maybe while they were asleep. When Jesus commanded Judas to leave He was ultimately commanding the devil to leave.
Therefore we have a principle: the Lord Jesus Christ in His humiliation is infinitely more powerful than all of the power that Satan has or ever will have, even though at that time and right now Satan is the ruler of this world.
As we have stated previously, while Satan is absent Jesus gives chapters 14-16, the Upper Room Discourse, and Chapter 17 His prayer. Satan does not get back to the scene until Judas comes leading the Romans and the Jewish temple guard to Gethsemane in Chapter 18. That means from sundown until about midnight the Lord Jesus Christ will be alone with the disciples. Satan will not be there and neither will Judas Iscariot. Satan has to stay with his reversionist until the betrayal and therefore he stays inside Judas Iscariot during the critical time when the Lord Jesus Himself will present the whole outline of the Church Age. He will introduce the mystery doctrine and He will introduce the Church.
1) Reversionism creates a total disillusionment. In this case it caused Judas to go from psychopathic to psychotic, which eventuated in his possession and attempt to kill himself.
2) As a result of reversionism in an unbeliever they can come into direct contact with Satan or a demon(s).
3) The unbeliever can not drink the cup of the Lord and at the same time drink the cup of Satan, 1 Cor 10:21.
“Paul uses the Lord’s Supper to illustrate his point that while idols are not real (8:4-6), Satan can use idols to lead people astray. This is not superstition, for Deut. 32:17 and 21 clearly teach that demons can be worshiped through idols. Just as the believer has fellowship (communion) with Christ in partaking of the cup and loaf, and just as OT priests had fellowship with God as they feasted on the sacrifices from the altar, so an idolater has fellowship with demons in his idolatrous feast. Paul is actually describing “Satan’s communion service” here! Just as Satan has a counterfeit church and gospel, so he has a counterfeit communion service. Anthropologists may study and admire heathen worship and idols, but God says the whole system is of the devil and is actually demon worship. Wherever there are idols, there will be demons.
Christians must take care not to get involved in the devil’s religion. Not everything that passes for Christianity is scriptural. We may think we are sharing half-heartedly in a religious ceremony, when actually we are opening ourselves up to Satanic attack. The recent rise of Satanism ought to be a warning to the church.” Warren Wiersbe, Commentary on 1 Cor 10:14-22
4) The unbeliever, like Judas, rejects the cup of the Lord that represents the cross and salvation. Therefore, before the cup is served and before Jesus makes an issue out of the cup (which represents His blood) Judas must be eliminated from the Last Supper.
5) Our Lord honored Judas with the morsel, then dismissed the unbeliever and then instituted the Lord’s Supper meant for believers only.
John 13:28-29, A contrast between Grace and Evil.
John 13:28-29, “Now no one of those reclining at the table knew for what purpose He had said this to him. 29For some were supposing, because Judas had the money box, that Jesus was saying to him, “Buy the things we have need of for the feast”; or else, that he should give something to the poor.”
Principle: Jesus has a respect for the traitor’s privacy.
The phrase, “no one of those reclining at the table” indicates complete privacy for Judas Iscariot.
The word “knew” is a Constative Aorist, Active, Indicative of GINOSKO, which means to understand the action, to perceive what is going on. Apart from Peter and John the disciples did not know from the observation of the morsel dipping exactly what was going on, and they didn’t have any clue that Judas was a traitor at this time. Jesus respected both the volition and the privacy of Judas even though he was a traitor, and He did not publicly rebuke him nor condemn him.
“For what purpose” is the Interrogative TIS for “what” plus the Accusative Preposition PROS that means for the sake or purpose of, literally “for what reason”.
“He said this” is the Culminative Aorist, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of LEGO, a reference to the command given early to leave, “he had said this”.
“To him” is the Pronoun AUTOS in the Dative of Indirect Object.
Then in verse 29 we have “for some were supposing“. We start with GAR and TIS, this time as an indefinite meaning some or someone, “for some”.
The word for “supposing” is the Imperfect, Active Indicative of DOKEO, which means, think, suppose, consider, or imagine. It is used for subjective thinking, to have an opinion, or to seem. The disciples themselves were trying to stick their noses into it and became subjective. The Ingressive Imperfect means they began to have this subjective thinking and it continued for some time.
“Because Judas had the money box that Jesus was saying to him“, this was the basis for their subjective thinking. Judas was the treasurer and kept the ministry’s purse.
They came to two conclusions, that he was instructed to “buy in the market place the things we have need of for the feast, or else that he should give something to the poor“. This is what they thought Jesus had said. In other words, they are trying to intrude and to speculate.
“The feast” is the Feast of Unleavened Bread beginning after the Passover meal and lasting eight days.
Principles of the contrast between Grace and Evil:
1. Jesus washed the feet of the unbeliever – vs. 5-12 (lesson of forgiveness).
2. He taught the unbeliever about sacrifice and service – vs. 12-17.
3. He gave the unbeliever privacy to make his own decisions – vs. 18-26, 28-29.
4. He openly warned him, thus giving Judas every opportunity to change his mind – vs. 10, 18, 20, 21, 26.
5. He honored the unbeliever – vs. 26.
1. The unbeliever received without gratitude. He accepted the material blessings but not the spiritual blessings – vs. 30).
2. Satan did not allow the unbeliever to make his own decisions – vs. 2 & 27.
3. Evil forces decisions and actions.
4. Evil operates at night – vs. 30 with Luke 22:53; 1 Thes 5:4-10
Continuing in John 13:30, “So after receiving the morsel he went out immediately; and it was night.”
“After receiving the morsel” is the Aorist, Active, Participle of LAMBANO. It is a Culminative Aorist, showing that the action had been completed, “he had received it”. It also precedes the action of the main verb, “he went out” – EXERCHOMAI. He first received the highest honor and then he departed to betray the Lord Jesus Christ.
The word for “he” is the same as used in verse 27, EKEINOS, literally meaning “that one”. It signifies the difference between Judas and the other disciples.
This shows us a principle of separation. Judas made the final decision to leave, albeit that he was at this time possessed by Satan. Ultimately, it was his choice to sever himself from the group of believers.
It is a dangerous thing to be a person like Judas. In Mark 14:21 Jesus said, “It were good for that man if he had never been born!” Judas pretended to be a Christian; he played with sin; he put off salvation; and any person who does these things may end up wishing he or she had never been born. We don’t know everything about Judas but we know that he made a deliberate choice when he betrayed Christ.
Then we have “immediately”, which is the Adverb meaning straight away, forthwith or immediately.
The passage ends with “and it was night”, which is EIMI DE NUX. It begins with the Imperfect, Active, Indicative of EIMI, which means “it kept on being”. The conjunction DE usually means but, yet here it means “and”. Finally, NUX is the Nominative noun meaning night. So together it means “and it kept on being night”.
Although it was night, that did not hinder Judas making his way to Jerusalem and the Chief Priests. There were many perils at night but that did not hinder him, in fact it is the choicest of times for those performing evil.
Doctrine of Night / Darkness in relation to Evil
1) John 13:30, “it kept on being night”, symbolically signifies the darkness of Judas’ heart, his soul was black as night. This then was the hour for the power of darkness to perform, Luke 22:53.
Luke 22:53, “While I was with you daily in the temple, you did not lay hands on Me; but this hour and the power of darkness are yours.”
Eph 6:12, “For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the powers, against the world forces of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places.”
Judas knew the significance of the morsel, yet he chose to continue in his rejection of the Messiah and instead desired 30 pieces of silver. Therefore, he rushed down the road of sin. He was drawn away by his lusts and ambition. Once his lust had conceived it brought forth sin. When the sin was complete or full (PLEROO), it brought forth his death, James 1:14-15 cf. Mat 27:5; Acts 1:18.
James 1:14, “But each one is tempted when he is carried away and enticed by his own lust. 15Then when lust has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is accomplished, it brings forth death. 16Do not be deceived, my beloved brethren. 17Every good thing given and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shifting shadow.”
2) As Judas, the unbeliever, became like the night in darkness in his betrayal, our Lord is the Light come into the world, Psa 104:20; cf. John 8:12; 9:5.
Psa 104:20, “You appoint darkness and it becomes night, in which all the beasts of the forest prowl about.”
John 8:12, “Then Jesus again spoke to them, saying, ‘I am the Light of the world; he who follows Me will not walk in the darkness, but will have the Light of life’.”
John 9:5, “While I am in the world, I am the Light of the world.”
3) The contrast between light and darkness is first noted in the restoration of planet earth, Gen 1:2-5.
Gen 1:2-5, “The earth was [TOHU WAW BOHU] formless and void (waste and emptiness), and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving (hovering) over the surface of the waters. 3Then God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light. 4God saw that the light was good; and God separated the light from the darkness. God called the light day, and the darkness He called night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day.”
a) The restoration of light to creation typifies the incarnation of the Son of God who is the Light of the world, John 12:35-36, 46.
John 12:35, “So Jesus said to them, “For a little while longer the Light is among you. Walk while you have the Light, so that darkness will not overtake you; he who walks in the darkness does not know where he goes. 36While you have the Light, believe in the Light, so that you may become sons of Light.””
John 12:46, “I have come as Light into the world, so that everyone who believes in Me will not remain in darkness.”
4) The believer in Christ is also the light of the world, Mat 5:14-16.
a) The believer is reflecting the Light of the world, the Lord Jesus Christ when he is in fellowship with God by obeying the Father’s will as it is revealed by the Spirit through the communication of the Word of God, Phil 2:15.
Philippians 2:15, “So that you will prove yourselves to be blameless and innocent, children of God above reproach in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom you appear as lights in the world.”
5) Light and darkness are used as an analogy of separation, Gen 1:14-19, (there we also see the analogy of the believer as reflecting the light of Christ).
a) Likewise, the believer is to be separated from evil, Rom 13:12; 2 Cor 6:14; Eph 5:8-17; Col 1:13; 1 Thes 5:4-10; 1 Peter 2:9; 1 John 1:5-6; 2:9-11.
Rom 13:12, “The night is almost gone, and the day is near. Therefore let us lay aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light. 13Let us behave properly as in the day, not in carousing and drunkenness, not in sexual promiscuity and sensuality, not in strife and jealousy. 14But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh in regard to its lusts.”
6) Evil loves the darkness and hates the light; Job 24:13; John 1:5; 3:16-21; 8:12:12:35, 46.
Job 24:13, “Others have been with those who rebel against the light; they do not want to know its ways nor abide in its paths. 14The murderer arises at dawn; he kills the poor and the needy, and at night he is as a thief.”
John 1:5, “The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.”
John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life. 17For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world might be saved through Him. 18He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. 19This is the judgment, that the Light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the Light, for their deeds were evil. 20For everyone who does evil hates the Light, and does not come to the Light for fear that his deeds will be exposed. 21But he who practices the truth comes to the Light, so that his deeds may be manifested as having been wrought in God.”
7) Darkness exists in the thought pattern of the soul. Evil and degeneracy start with a thought, Mat 6:23; 15:18-19.
Mat 6:23, “But if your eye is evil, the entire body is full of darkness (cosmic involvement).”
Mat 15:18-19, “But the things that proceed out of the mouth come from the heart (right lobe of the soul), and those defile the man. For out of the heart comes evil thoughts.”
8) Fear is related to Darkness, Gen 15:12, Ex 10:21-22; Job 15:22-24; John 3:19-20.
Gen 15:12, “Now when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and behold, terror and great darkness fell upon him.”
This passage is a prophecy of the darkness that would befall Israel, “sun going down”, in her decline as a people, leading to the rejection of the Messiah. “A deep sleep” is analogous to death. “Terror and great darkness” speaks to the fear of death, especially a death that results in eternity in Sheol. In comparison with Hebrews 2:15 we see that this is the mental attitude of the legalist who through fear maintain their false religious systems. Christ came to free man of that fear by bringing light to the darkness.
9) John presents the conflict between light and darkness. Light symbolizes salvation, holiness, and life; while darkness stands for condemnation, sin, and death. John speaks of four different kinds of darkness:
a) Mental darkness: John 1:5-8, 26, the minds of sinners are blinded by Satan, 2 Cor 4:3-6, and they cannot see spiritual truths.
b) Moral darkness: John 3:18-21, the unsaved love sin and hate the light.
c) Judicial darkness: John 12:35-36, if men don’t obey the light, God sends the darkness and Christ is hidden from them.
d) Eternal darkness: John 12:46, to “remain” in darkness means to live in hell forever.
In John 12:42-50, he quotes Christ and shows why many people reject the light. Some reject Christ because of the fear of man, verses 42-43. Rev. 21:8 lists the kind of people who will go to hell, and at the head of the list are the fearful.
10) Judgement is related to darkness, Deut 28:29; 1 Sam 2:9; Prov 20:20; Isa 5:20; Mat 8:12; 22:13; 25:30, (the outer darkness); 2 Peter 2:4, 17; Jude 1:6, 13.
Isa 5:20, “Woe to those who call evil good, and good evil; who substitute darkness for light and light for darkness; who substitute bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter!”
11) Light is given to overcome evil (darkness) and protect the believer, Prov 2:10-15; Acts 26:18; John 11:9; Col 1:12.
Rom 12:9, “Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor what is evil; cling to what is good.”
Acts 26:18, “To open their eyes so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the dominion of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who have been sanctified by faith in Me.’”
John 11:9, “Jesus answered, “Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day, he does not stumble, because he sees the light of this world. 10But if anyone walks in the night, he stumbles, because the light is not in him.””
Prov 2:10-15, “For wisdom will enter your heart and knowledge will be pleasant to your soul; 11discretion will guard you, understanding will watch over you, 12to deliver you from the way of evil, from the man who speaks perverse things; 13from those who leave the paths of uprightness to walk in the ways of darkness; 14Who delight in doing evil and rejoice in the perversity of evil; 15whose paths are crooked, and who are devious in their ways.”
Eccl 2:13-14, “And I saw that wisdom excels folly as light excels darkness. 14The wise man’s eyes are in his head, but the fool walks in darkness.”
12) Bible Doctrine resident in the Soul protects the believer from the evils of darkness. 2 Sam 22:29; Psa 18:28; Prov 2:10-15; 2 Cor 4:6
2 Sam 22:29 and Psa 18:28, “For You are my lamp, O LORD; and the LORD illumines my darkness.”
a) The Balance of Residency of the soul (Maximum Bible doctrine in the soul ready for application plus the filling of God the Holy Spirit; i.e., residence, function, momentum inside GPS) avoids thinking evil. It takes lots of Bible doctrine to reject evil, Prov 23:7-9.
2 Cor 4:6, “For God, who said, “Light shall shine out of darkness,” is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the Light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.”
13) There will be no night or darkness in the eternal kingdom of God, Rev 21:22-27; 22:5.
II. Primary Teaching:
A. God’s provisions for the believer
Vs. 31-33, God is glorified in the body of Christ.
Vs. 34-38, Follow My example of Love.
Chapter 14 Outline:
Vs. 1-7, The promise of eternal security
Vs. 8-14, The fellowship of the Father and the Son
Vs. 15-17, Promised indwelling of the Helper (God the Holy Spirit)
Vs. 18-21, The indwelling Spirit as the basis for our fellowship with the Father and the Son and understanding of the Word of God
Vs. 22-26, Summarizing the previous two topics.
Vs. 27-31, Sharing the Happiness of God – Problem Solving Device 10. This is achieved by doing the will of God even in the midst of opposition from Satan’s cosmic system.
Chapter 15 Outline:
B. What to do with God’s provisions
Vs, 1-5, Divine Good Production.
Vs. 6, Warning to the unproductive believer
Vs 7-10, Faith Application of the Word produces divine good
Vs. 11, Divine good produces inner happiness
Vs. 12-13, Impersonal Love motivates divine good production
Vs. 14-15, Faith Application results in intimacy with Christ
Vs. 16-17, Predestined to glorify God
Vs. 18-21, Obstructions to divine good production
Vs. 22 -25, The reason for the world’s rejection
Vs. 26-27, The Spirit leads us in triumph
Chapter 16 Outline:
Vs. 1-6, The Importance of preparedness.
Vs. 7-15, Further instructions regarding the Holy Spirit
Vs. 16-22, Christ’s departure and Second Coming
Vs. 23-28, Summary on the Power available to us through prayer
Vs. 29-33, Final words of encouragement
Jesus ends His discourse with a prayer in chapter 17 sealing with the Father the things He just taught while applying much of the outline prayer in Mat 6:9-12.