A. God’s Provision for salvation and the forgiveness of sins –
Chapter 13 Outline:
Vs 1, The Love of Jesus Christ
Vs 2, 18, 21-30, Demon influence and possession
John 13:1 – Love
There is a rather dramatic shift in John’s vocabulary in chapter 13, which underscores the importance of “love” in chapters 13-17. A statistic regarding John’s vocabulary underscores the fact that love is a very significant term from here on in John’s Gospel. Love occurs 12 times in Chapters 1-12 and 34 times in chapters 13-17. So let us understand the Love of God and Jesus Christ.
(See the DOCTRINE OF DIVINE LOVE, Based on doctrine by R.B. Thieme Jr.)
John 13:2– Demon Influence
We now come to verse 2 of John 13, “During supper, the devil having already put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, to betray Him.”
TOU DIABOLOU EDE BELEKOTOS EIS TEN KARDIAN HINA PARADOI AUTON IOUDAS EIMONOS ISKARIOTOU
The | devil | having already | put | into | the | heart | in order to | betray | Him | Judas | the son of Simon, | Iscariot,
The first Greek word we come to is DIABOLOS, which we translate as devil. Here devil is a pronominal adjective, which resembles a pronoun by specifying a person, place or thing.
Devil = diabolos; comes from (diaballoô; which is from DIA (through, on account of, because of) and BALLO (to throw or let go of a thing without caring where it falls, to scatter or cast into.).
So DIABOLOS comes to mean to bring charges (usually with hostile intent): slanderous, accusing falsely or malicious gossips and it stands for the devil.
This word is not a name but more of a description of the one we call the Devil or Satan. This will lead us into the subtopic of Satan and his strategies followed but the topic of Demonic Influence.
(See the Doctrine of Satan and his Strategies)
Now that we have completed our study of Satan and his strategies we go back to our main verse of John 13:2, “During supper, the devil having already put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, to betray Him,”
“Having already” is the Greek word EDE that is an adverb giving description to the following verb. It means already, soon or now. It gets its voice and tense from the supporting verb which in the English is “put”. So EDE means already, as soon as, now, soon, by this time, or even now.
“Put” = BEBLEKOTOS which is the (perfect tense, passive voice, participle in the Genitive case, Masculine gender, Singular person of Ballo.
The root BALLO means to throw or cast. In the perfect passive participle it often means lying. It also means offer, give; pour; sow (seed); bring (peace); invest, deposit (money); banish (fear); shed (figs); swing (a sickle).
The perfect tense describes a process that took place in the past, with the results continuing to the present. It is usually translated in English by using the auxiliary verbs has or have. That’s why we have the word “having” before “already put”.
The passive voice says that the main subject, Judas Iscariot, receives the action of the verb.
The participle changes the verb meaning into a noun meaning in the Genitive indicating a person place or thing. Here it is something Judas received which was now his own. As a noun it is a possession of Judas that being demonic influence of thought.
That is why it is translated in the past tense as “having already put”. But with some added emphasis from the Greek we could say that Satan has cast, thrown or deposited into the heart of Judas this information.
Better yet we could say that because of Judas’ lack of acceptance of the Messiah he left himself vulnerable to demonic influence and Satan was now lying in his heart. With the double meaning of the word lying we could say that Satan placed lies or falsehoods in Judas’ heart or that Satan was lying (as on a bed) in the heart of Judas feeling right at home.
This second meaning speaks to demonic possession, which is actually the case as verse 27 tells us, but at this time in verse 2 he was not possessing Judas. Satan was only influencing him.
From this statement we note that Judas was demonically influenced, which led him to carry out his act of betrayal against Christ. So we will note the doctrine of demonic influence.
(See Doctrine of Demon Influence)
The next word we have in John 13:2 is the Greek word KARDIA that is translated heart.
This leads us to another important doctrine, the Doctrine of the Heart. We are studying this topic because it is the place of influence inside a man’s soul. The old saying is, “For as he thinketh in his heart, so is he, Prov 23:7. Well the fact is we do our thinking through what the Bible calls the heart.
As you know, we have already study Satan and his tactics in the deception of man and we have noted Demon Influence. So with this doctrine we will understand the place within man that is the target of Satan’s tactics and demon influence. But let us also not forget that the heart of the soul is the place that God targets too. Our heart is the place where we store and retain the Word of God that gives us functionality in the spiritual life and protection from Satan’s tactics and demon influence.
(See Doctrine of the Heart 2007)
In relation to our verse, John 13:2 in the Upper Room Discourse, we understand why it is so important to fill the Heart of our Soul with the Word of God, so that we are not deceived and influence by demons and doctrines of demons. When we fill our heart with the Word we have protection while at the same time we glorify God by applying His wisdom to life.