One of the important Doctrines of Scripture and the gospel is the substitutionary spiritual death that Jesus Christ suffered on the Cross for the entire world. His spiritual death on the Cross, signified when He cried out, “My God, My God, why have you forsaken Me”, propitiated the righteousness and justice of God the Father in regard to the penalty of sin in the human and angelic races, 2 Cor 5:21; Phil 2:8; Col 1:19-20.
Phil 2:8, “Being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross.”
2 Cor 5:21, “He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.”
Col 1:19-20, “For it was the Father’s good pleasure for all the fullness to dwell in Him, 20and through Him to reconcile all things to Himself, having made peace through the blood of His cross; through Him, I say, whether things on earth or things in heaven.”
In order to be our substitute and pay the price for our sins, Jesus had to be like us, true humanity, and as you know He became man through the virgin birth. Likewise, to be the substitute for the entire human race, Jesus had to also come in the form of the head of the human race, Adam. As Adam was created in perfection, (i.e., without sin or sin nature), Jesus too had to come into this world without sin or a sin nature, and then remain perfect to qualify as our substitute on the Cross.
It is the fact that Jesus came in the form of Adam that inspired this study. Therefore, we will note all of the instances the name “Adam” is used in the New Testament. I think you will find these fascinating in regard to the story it unfolds, as well as give you a sense of awe at the omniscience of God in regard to the Holy Spirit’s inspiration of the Scriptures.
Adam is mentioned in 7 verses in the New Testament, Luke 3:38; Rom 5:14; 1 Cor 15:22; 45; 1 Tim 2:13, 14; Jude 1:14.
The first mention of Adam in the New Testament is in Luke 3:38 where we have the genealogy of the humanity of our Lord through Mary.
I. Luke 3:23, “When He began His ministry, Jesus Himself was about thirty years of age, being, as was supposed, the son of Joseph, the son of Eli (Mary’s father)….38the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.”
The context of this passage is to prove the blood line of Jesus Christ from Adam through Mary. We not only see that Jesus Christ came in the flesh from Adam, but that God was the creator of Adam and therefore his father, so too is Jesus Christ in His humanity a son of God, just as Adam was, and just as you and I are too.
Mark 1:1, “The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.”
Mark 15:39, “When the centurion, who was standing right in front of Him, saw the way He breathed His last, he said, “Truly this man was the Son of God!””
Right away we see that Jesus Christ became true humanity in the likeness of Adam as a son of God, which is also in the likeness of every member of the human race. Therefore, He could be a substitute for the sins of the “entire world”, (i.e., every member of the human race), because He is just like Adam and you and I; a man. Being of like kind is the first qualification Jesus had to accomplish to propitiate the righteousness and justice of God the Father regarding our sin.
And interestingly when we look at numerology, the number one in Scripture represents “unity”, therefore Jesus Christ became one of us so that we could be “in union with Him.”
II. Rom 5:14, “Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of the offense of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.”
The second time Adam is mentioned is in Rom 5:14, and is mentioned two times, (the number of division). The first principle we note in this verse is that “death reigned” beginning with Adam. Here we note that as Adam chose to sin, (being disobedient to God’s Word), in the Garden of Eden, Gen 3:6, it resulted in his spiritual death, (meaning division or separation from a spiritual relationship with God), signified by 1) “knowing that he was naked”, and 2) as foretold by our Lord in Gen 2:16-17, that death would occur if he ate the forbidden fruit. This is what is called a real spiritual death. Adam actually died spiritually when he committed the first sin, eating the forbidden fruit.
The “reigning” of death means that sin is now the ruler of man’s soul, not the human spirit. This reign remains in man unless he accepts Christ as his Savior.
Notice also that Eve was not yet created, making it Adam’s responsibility to pass down the information to his wife and protect her with the Word of God, yet he failed in this area. As a result they both died, not physically, but spiritually, as noted in the facts that, 1) they remained alive after eating the forbidden fruit, and 2) the Lord clothed them with skins made from a slaughtered / sacrificed lamb, Gen 3:21, (i.e., He covered their nakedness/sin). This was the first and a beautiful picture of the substitutionary saving work of our Lord Jesus Christ on the Cross.
The next principle made of this verse is the fact that Adam’s real spiritual death would be passed down from generation to generation, “death reigned from Adam to Moses.” This is the result of Adam’s original sin in that the sin nature was now part of his flesh and would be passed down through the male from generation to generation. Therefore, at conception, the male passes down the sin nature. Then when every baby is born, God imputes Adam’s original sin to that new baby because it has a “home” or “holding place” to receive it. The result of the imputation of Adam’s original sin to the genetically passed down old sin nature is real spiritual death for all of mankind at the moment of our birth.
That is why it was so important for our Lord to be conceived, not by man, but by the Holy Spirit, Mat 1:20; Luke 1:35. The virginity of Mary was important to demonstrate that Jesus did not have a human father and therefore no genetically passed down sin nature at birth. As a result, there was no “home” for the imputation of Adam’s original sin. Therefore, Jesus was born spiritually alive, perfect and impeccable, just like Adam was created.
Interestingly, as Joseph and Mary could find “no room at the inn” for the birth of Christ, Luke 2:7, Jesus had no room for the imputation of Adam’s original sin.
The third principle of this verse tells us that Adam was “a type of Him who was to come”, (i.e., Jesus Christ). That means that just as Adam was created in perfection, Jesus was born in perfection, spiritually alive in the likeness of Adam’s creation. Jesus then entered the world as Adam did and was under the same code as he; one sin would remove that perfection and cause real spiritual death. This began the process of Jesus’ earthly walk to prove the power of the Word of God and the Holy Spirit in order to remain without sin, thereby qualifying Him to be our substitutionary sacrifice.
III. 1 Cor 15:22, “For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive.”
This is also noted in Rom 8:17, “For if by the transgression of the one, death reigned through the one, much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.”
There are two categories of spiritual death in human history, 1) the Real Spiritual Death of Adam and the human race, that means total depravity, total separation from God, and total helplessness to attain a relationship with God on the basis of any human function, and 2) the Substitutionary Spiritual Death of the humanity of Jesus Christ on the Cross being separated from God in a state of total perfection and impeccability. Only the perfect, impeccable humanity of Jesus Christ became our substitute when he received the imputation and judgment for all sins in the history of the human race, down to the last sin of the Millennium.
Rom 5:8, “But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.”
Rom 8:3, “For what the Law could not do, weak as it was through the flesh, God did: sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and as an offering for sin, He condemned sin in the flesh.”
1 Peter 2:24, “And He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, so that we might die to sin and live to righteousness; for by His wounds you were healed.”
In 1 Cor 15:22, our third comparison, (the number of Divine Perfection), between Adam and Jesus is in regard to the believer’s resurrection to eternal life, “all will be made alive.” Here we are told by whom we receive eternal resurrection life, which is Jesus Christ.
The first half of this verse tells us that “in Adam all die.” This refers to what we just noted above, the passed down sin nature coupled with the imputation of Adam’s original sin that results in our spiritual death at the moment of our physical birth. We are brought into this world spiritually dead. As long as any member of the human race remains solely in their Adamic state, by not believing in the work of Jesus Christ on the Cross, they will remain spiritually dead and not have eternal life.
Yet, in the second half of this verse we have the contrast that tells us if we are “in Christ” we will be made alive, which means born again spiritually to eternal life, John 3:3, 16-18, were one day will receive our final resurrection bodies.
To be “in Christ” is the result of your faith in the God/man Jesus Christ’s work on the Cross for the atonement and forgiveness of your sins. From the moment you believe upon Christ you are born again to a new spiritual and eternal life. As a result you will receive a resurrection body to use for all of eternity, Rom 2:21, “For since by a man came death, by a man also came the resurrection of the dead.” Cf. 1 Cor 15:51-56; 1 Thes 4:14-17.
1 Thes 4:14, “For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so God will bring with Him those who have fallen asleep in Jesus. 15For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep. 16For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord.”
IV. 1 Cor 15:45, “So also it is written, “The first MAN, Adam, BECAME A LIVING SOUL.” The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.”
The fourth, (the number of God’s creative work and material completeness), mention of “Adam” tells us of the difference between our physical (Adamic natured) bodies compare to our resurrection (Christ natured) bodies that we will receive in heaven.
The preceding three verses in 1 Cor 15:42-44 compare and contrast the two types of bodies the believer will have, natural versus spiritual. The natural human body is said to be, “perishable, dishonorable, and weak: earthy.” Whereas the resurrection body will be, “imperishable, glorified (honorable), and powerful: heavenly.”
In 1 Cor 15:45 we have received this perishable, dishonorable and weak earthly body from Adam who was created by God and is called a “living soul”, yet from Christ we receive an imperishable, honorable and powerful heavenly resurrection body, also created by God.
Once again we see that if we remain in our Adamic nature we will only have soul life which is condemned to eternal judgment in the Lake of Fire, Rev 20:11-15, yet if we accept Jesus Christ as our Savior, (the life giving spirit), this natural body will put on a spiritual body suited for living in heaven with God for all of eternity that is “imperishable, glorified and powerful.”
Thus far we have seen in the comparison between Adam and Jesus that they both are true humanity and “sons of God.” Being just like man, Jesus was qualified to be our substitute for the payment of the penalty of our sins. Being qualified, He suffered the substitutionary spiritual death for our sins on the Cross. Because of Adam’s original sin, death reigns in man, meaning the sin nature controls his soul unless He believes in Jesus Christ and His covering substitutionary spiritual death on the Cross. In addition, through Christ we receive an eternal resurrection life, and in heaven we will receive a resurrection body that will be “imperishable, glorified (honorable), and powerful.” All of this, and the things we will note in our comparison next week, are a result of Jesus Christ being born in the likeness of Adam.
V. 1 Tim 2:13, “For it was Adam who was first created, and then Eve.”
The context of 1 Tim 2 is authority orientation. This verse tells us of Adam’s headship over the woman in marriage with the understanding that Adam was created by God first and then Eve, coming from Adam’s rib, cf. Gen 2:7, 21-23. In the typology of Adam foreshadowing Christ, we understand this verse in conjunction with Eph 5:23-24 that tells us that Jesus Christ is the head of the Church and therefore we are His bride.
Eph 5:23-24, “For the husband is the head of the wife, as Christ also is the head of the church, He Himself being the Savior of the body. 24But as the church is subject to Christ, so also the wives ought to be to their husbands in everything.”
As the previous New Testament verses about “Adam” pointed to Christ for our salvation and subsequent resurrection, these verses tell us about living the spiritual life post salvation with Christ as the authority over our lives. Five being the number of grace in scripture tells us of God’s provision for our salvation and spiritual walk post salvation.
Therefore, just as the wife is to be in subjection to her husband, if she wants to live a relatively tranquil and happy life, then all believers must place themselves in subjection to the Lord Jesus Christ if we want to have a truly tranquil and happy life too.
This means we must learn God’s Word, which is the mind of Christ, 1 Cor 2:16, and apply it, (i.e., be in subjection to it), on a consistent basis. Just as the woman should seek counsel and approval from her husband before making big decisions in life, so too should the believer seek out Christ by His Word, (and pray to the Father), before making decisions in life.
The word of God is alive and powerful and for our every need in life, giving us guidance and protection. It is our guidebook to living the unique spiritual life while here on earth; that is grace! If we are obedient to it we will have a good life, but if we step out on our own as Eve did we will have trouble.
VI. 1 Tim 2:14, “And it was not Adam who was deceived, but the woman being deceived, fell into transgression.”
This verse takes us back to our first point in Gen 2:17, where Adam was first given God’s command to not eat from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil, and was suppose to protect the woman by instructing her of the doctrine and watching over her application of it, thereby guarding her soul and well being, in which he failed.
Because of Adam’s failure, the woman was left to her own when the temptations of the serpent appeared. Because she did not have the proper protection she was easily deceived and fell into sin. This shows us the weakness of mankind when we are left to our own human resources. Without the power and protection of God’s Word in our soul we are easy prey for the temptations of Satan and our sin natures.
E..W. Bullinger, in his book, “Number in Scripture” says about the number six, “Six is either 4 plus 2, i.e., man’s world (4) with man’s enmity to God (2) brought in: or it is 5 plus 1, the grace of God made of none effect by man’s addition to it, or perversion, or corruption of it; or it is 7 minus 1, i.e. man’s coming short of spiritual perfection. In any case, therefore, it has to do with man; it is the number of imperfection; the human number; the number of MAN as destitute of God, without God, without Christ.”
And that is what happened to Adam and woman when they stepped out on their own. The principle here is that when we are left to our own ways and means, we will be tempted and easily fall into sin, which God does not want for us, and through the actions of the woman in the garden, God is warning us to NOT leave ourselves out in the cold and instead have authority orientation by picking up and putting on the full armor of God found in His Word, cf. Eph 6, so that we have protection from the evil serpent and his cosmic system, as well as our own OSN. When we do, we are exercising Faith-Rest, vs. 15, and will not fall easily into sin.
Therefore, when we are oriented to the authority of Jesus Christ by the intake and application of Bible Doctrine post salvation, we will not be easily deceived by the temptations of Satan’s cosmic system or our own Old Sin Nature. But with out it, operating in our human / Adamic nature, we are defenseless in the spiritual life.
VII. Jude 1:14, “And it was also about these men that Enoch, in the seventh generation from Adam, prophesied, saying, “Behold, the Lord came with many thousands of His holy ones.”
Interestingly, this discussion about Enoch and Adam is a summary and conclusion to the whole. The context of Jude is warning the believer against a sinful lifestyle, with poor examples of believers and unbelievers. It also warns against false teachers of false doctrine who keep others from believing in Christ’s saving work, leading them into sin.
Jude 1:11, “Woe to them, (false teachers)! For they have gone the way of Cain (jealousy), and for pay they have rushed headlong into the error of Balaam (lustfulness), and perished in the rebellion of Korah(no authority orientation).” In all cases we see the result of the arrogance complex of sins.
Seven is the number of “Spiritual Perfection / Completeness”, and it is very interesting what Jude says about Enoch. He was “in the seventh generation from Adam”, bringing our 7 fold mention of Adam in the New Testament to completion by reminding us of God’s judgment towards sin and the sinner, and that the first Adam brought sin into the world and that the last Adam paid the price for it, as eluded to in vs. 15.
As for Enoch’s prophecy, this is an apparent quote from the now inexistent Book of Enoch. Jude quotes Enoch to remind us of God’s judgment toward sin and false doctrines, like that of the Serpent in the Garden of Eden that led to Adam’s and woman’s sin. What is fascinating about this is that Enoch was the first member of the human race to be Raptured, Gen 5:24, “Enoch walked with God; and he was not, for God took him.”
Jude 1:15, “To execute judgment upon all, and to convict all the ungodly of all their ungodly deeds which they have done in an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.”
This judgment is done by God in the hopes that the spiritually dead, sinful, soulish, and unregenerated man in Adam who is living on earth in their perishable, dishonorable and weak physical bodies would repent from their sins by believing in the substitutionary spiritual death of Jesus Christ upon the Cross for the payment of the penalty of the sins of the entire world, with the result that they would be born again to a new, eternal, and spiritual life with its imperishable, glorified and powerful resurrection body.
Therefore, we see the principle of our Rapture or Resurrection in view, made possible by the Father judging our sin in person of Jesus Christ. And this is in regard to a discussion about the harm that false doctrines bring, causing the unsuspecting unbeliever to remain in their unregenerated state – never to be resurrected; and also in regard to the believer who walks in sin, losing out on rewards and blessings in the eternal state.
The first Adam, created in perfection, fell and brought death to the entire human race. The second Adam, Jesus Christ, was born in perfection, remained in perfection (without sin) and was qualified to be the perfect sacrifice for our sins, bringing us eternal life, (i.e., Spiritual Perfection), by God the Father judging our sins in His person upon the Cross. Adam’s spiritual death was real and was perpetuated to the entire human race through physical birth. Yet, our Lord’s spiritual death was substitutionary and provides eternal salvation at the point of faith in Him with resultant regeneration of spiritual life. Therefore, the real spiritual death of Adam in the garden resulted in the substitutionary spiritual death of Christ on the Cross, and the substitutionary spiritual death of Christ on the Cross resulted in potential salvation for the entire human race through personal faith in Him.
1 Peter 3:18, “For Christ also died for sins once for all, the just for the unjust, so that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit.” Cf. Gal 3:13.
And one last thing, off the seven passages that the name “Adam” is used in the New Testament, sometimes his name appears twice in the passage, as noted at the top of this lesson. Therefore, the word “Adam” appears 10 times in the New Testament and the number 10 in Scripture signifies the “perfection of Divine order and completeness.” So as we have seen, by the text and by number, the analogy of the first and last Adam tells the whole story; from man’s fall, to his salvation by faith in Christ’s substitutionary spiritual death on the Cross, to his resurrection to eternal life; God’s Divine Order!
Cf. 1 Cor 6:9-10, (10 sins exemplifying the unbeliever), with Rom 8:38-39, (10 assurance of eternal life for the believer).