The Gospel of Luke ~ Chapter 17:20-37 ~ Be Prepared for the Second Coming of our Lord: Introduction & The Rapture of the Church.

Vol. 20, No. 6 – February 14, 2021

2 14 21 - Luke 17.20-37 Be Prepared for the Second Coming of our Lord, Pt. 2, The Rapture of the Church 1.The Gospel of Luke
Chapter 17

IV. The Repudiation of the Son of Man by Men, Luke 9:51-19:27.

I. Instruction in the Light of Rejection, Luke 12:1-19:27.

19. Concerning the Kingdom, Luke 17:20-37.

The fifth and final section of Chapter 17 is a discussion about the coming Kingdom. Parts of this teaching are also noted in Mat 24:15-39; Mark 13:5, 14-27. They all deal with the Second Coming of our Lord which occurs at the end of the seven year Tribulation time period. At that time the Lord will establish His 1,000 year, (Millennial), reign here on earth. (See Dispensational chart on our web site,

Luke first notes a question from the Pharisees in vs. 20-21, and then the teaching Jesus gave to his disciples, vs. 22-37. According to Matthew and Mark the teaching to the Pharisees was done at the Temple in Jerusalem, and the teaching to the disciples occurred outside of Jerusalem at the Mt. of Olives. Mark also notes that the disciples who asked the question whom Jesus responded to, included only Peter, James, John, and Andrew, Mark 13:3-4.

Mark 13:3, “As He was sitting on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter and James and John and Andrew were questioning Him privately. 4“Tell us, when will these things be, and what will be the sign when all these things are going to be fulfilled”?”

In this section, we will note:

a. The Pharisees’ question, “when is the Kingdom coming,” and Jesus’ response, vs. 20-21.
b. The warning of judgment given to the disciples, vs. 22-23.
c. The immediate sign of His 2nd Advent, vs. 24.
d. Another prophecy of His crucifixion, vs. 25.
e. It will be like the days of Noah, vs. 26-27.
f. It will be like the days of Lot, vs. 28-30.
g. The warning not to turn back, as Lot’s wife did, vs. 31-33.
h. The prophecy of the anti-rapture, vs. 34-36.
i. The prophecy of Armageddon, vs. 37.

As you can imagine, we will note a lot of Biblical information in studying these passages, as we look back to the OT for warnings regarding the coming kingdom, and see passages in the book of Revelation that give more details for the end times that Jesus mentions here. It is going to be a wonderful and exciting study of eschatology, (the study of end times).

This final teaching culminates the building blocks in Chapter 17 for the faithful believer’s soul to be complete:

1. Have a heart of forgiveness, vs. 1-4.

2. Apply the faith you have and do great things. You do not need more faith, vs. 5-6.

3. Have the heart of a servant. Serve for service sake from love showing grace, vs. 7-10.

4. Be grateful for God’s healing of your soul, (the forgiveness of your sins), and give thanks to Him, vs. 11-19.

5. Prepare for the imminent return of the Lord and the Kingdom of heaven, vs. 20-37.

This fifth teaching is a study for the preparedness of our Lord’s Second Coming predominately for the unbeliever, but also for believers still alive at the end of the seven year Tribulation time period.

It is also an encouragement for the believers of the Church Age, as it gives us the assuredness of our Lord’s imminent return, which begins with the Rapture of the Church, 1 Thes 4:13-18; 5:9-10; 1 Cor 15:52; cf. Acts 1:9-11; Dan 7:13.

1 Cor 15:51-52, “Behold, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, 52in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.”

At the Ascension of Jesus Christ, the angels prophesied how He would return, that aligns with the Rapture scriptures. Acts 1:11, “They also said, “Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into the sky? This Jesus, who has been taken up from you into heaven, will come in just the same way as you have watched Him go into heaven”.”

Daniel prophesied similarly about His return, Dan 7:13-14, “I kept looking in the night visions, and behold, with the clouds of heaven One like a Son of Man was coming, and He came up to the Ancient of Days and was presented before Him. 14And to Him was given dominion, glory and a kingdom, that all the peoples, nations and men of every language might serve Him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion which will not pass away; and His kingdom is one which will not be destroyed.”

In theology, the understanding that the Rapture of the Church will occur prior to the Tribulation time period, which occurs prior to the Millennial reign is called “Pre-Tribulational” and “Pre-Millennial.” This is the belief that the resurrection for Church Age believers happens before these other two time periods. As such, there are two phases to the Second Coming of our Lord Jesus Christ:

1. The first phase is called the Rapture of the Church; Resurrection, Phil 3:1.

Phil 3:11, “If by any means I might arrive at the resurrection (Rapture), the one from the dead.”

2. The second phase is called the Second Advent; when Christ physically steps onto planet earth again.

The Rapture of the Church means that all believers in the Lord Jesus Christ who physically died between the day of Pentecost and the day of the Rapture have their resurrection bodies meet Jesus in the clouds of the air, 1 Thes 4:13-18; 1 Cor 15:51-58. Then all believers who are alive on the day of the Rapture are transformed in body to a resurrection body and meet Christ in the clouds, 1 Cor 6:14; 1 Thes 5:9; 1 John 3:2-3.

1 John 3:2, “Beloved, now we are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we will be. We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is.”

1 Cor 6:14, “Now God has not only resurrected the Lord, but he will raise us up through his power.”

1 Thes 5:9, “For God has not destined us for wrath, but for obtaining salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ.”

All believers in the Lord Jesus Christ will be removed from planet earth at the Rapture and are with Christ in Heaven. At that time the bride, (Church Age believers, dead or alive), receives a body like Christ’s, Phil 3:21; 1 Thes 5:23.

Anticipation of the Rapture must not overwhelm us. We need patience as the Lord prepares us for the event, Titus 2:13; James 5:7-8.

James 5:7-8, “Therefore be patient, brethren, until the coming of the Lord (Rapture). The farmer waits for the precious produce of the soil, being patient about it, until it gets the early and late rains. 8You too be patient; strengthen your hearts, for the coming of the Lord (Rapture) is near.”

Titus 2:13, “Looking for the blessed hope (Rapture) and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus.”

Between the first and second phase of His coming is a time period of 7 years called the Tribulation; Daniel’s 70th Week, Dan 9:27. Once the Rapture occurs the Church Age is ended and the Tribulation begins, Dan 12:1; Joel 2:2; Mat 24:21.

Mat 24:21, “For then there will be a great tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever will.”

The Tribulation, (a.k.a. Jacob’s trouble), has two distinct parts, the first 3 ½ years, Rev 6-11, and the last 3 ½ years, Rev 13-19. Cf. Dan 9:27. During the first 3 ½ years Antichrist will come on the scene. He will be highly intelligent and charismatic. He will appear to have all the answers that the world needs to solve the problem of the great catastrophe, which just occurred; the disappearing of millions of people. He will make treaties with all nations specifically Israel, garnering a truce between Israeli and Arab nations. At this time many previous unbelievers will have woken up to the facts of Bible prophecy and will become saved through belief in the Lord Jesus Christ. Specifically, there will be 144,000 Jews who will be the evangelists to the world, Rev 7:4; 14:1.

At the same time, God allows judgments to be poured out on mankind trying to wake up those who are still unbelievers. These judgments consist of Seven Seals with Seven Trumpets, Rev 6:1-17; 8:1-21; 11:15-19, and Seven Bowls, Rev 16:1-21. Despite Antichrist’s best efforts, he will not be able to control all that is going on in the world. People will be dissatisfied, what else is new? And He will get frustrated with them. This ushers in the second half of the Tribulation when things are greatly intensified and Antichrist unleashes horrific terror on earth, trying to stop the believer’s progression and to eradicate the Jews, Rev 13-19.

At the completion of the 7-year Tribulation, Christ will physically return to earth. This is called phase two of His coming. The second phase is called the Second Advent, when He physically comes again to planet earth to end the carnage and tyranny of Satan and to establish the Millennial reign, Zech 14:17; 12-15; Mat 24:29-31; Luke 17:20-37.

The bride, (you and I – Church Age believers), returns with Christ as a part of operation footstool, 1 Thes 3:13; Rev 19:6-8, 14; Psa 110:1, which consists of:

1. Defeating the world armies led by Satan, (this is called the War of Armageddon). Armageddon is the campaign in the last world war of history. Jesus Christ comes back to slaughter the anti-Semitic armies, Rev 19:17-21, cf. Luke 17:37.

2. Locking up Satan and his demon army for 1,000 years, Rev 20:1-3.

3. Establishing the Millennial (1,000 years) reign of Christ here on earth, Rev 20:6.

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If you would like more information on this subject, you may watch/listen to lesson:

#’s 21-014 & 21-015

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If you have never accepted Jesus Christ as your Lord and Savior, I am here to tell you that Jesus loves you. He loves you so much that He gave His life for you. God the Father also loves you. He loves you so much that He gave His only Son for you by sending Him to the Cross. At the Cross Jesus died in your place. Taking upon Himself all of your sins and all of my sins. He was judged for our sins and paid the price for our sins. Therefore, our sins will never be held against us.

Right where you are, you now have the opportunity to make the greatest decision in your life. To accept the free gift of salvation and eternal life by truly believing that Jesus Christ died for your sins and was raised on the third day as the proof of the promise of eternal life.

So right now, you can pause and reflect on what Christ has done for you and say to the Father:

“Yes Father, I believe that Your Son, Jesus Christ,
died on the cross for the forgiveness of my sins.”

If you have done that, I welcome you to the eternal Family of God!

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