The Gospel of Luke ~ Chapter 1:68-71 ~ The Advent of John the Baptist Pt. 2 ~ Zachariah’s Great Praise ~ Redemption ~ Fulfilling His Covenant

Vol. 18, No. 4 – January 27, 2019

1 27 19 - Luke 1 vs 68-71-Advent of John the Baptist -Zachariah's Great Praise- Redemption- Fulfilling His CovenantThe Gospel of Luke
Chapter 1:68-71

a.) Praise to God for Keeping His Promise to David, (the Davidic Covenant), vs 68-71.

The Results of Redemption:

  1. Redemption propitiates God the Father, Rom 3:25.
  2. We are delivered from the curse of the Law, Gal 3:13; 4:4-7.
  3. We have the forgiveness of all sin, Isa 44:22; Eph 1:7; Col 1:14; Heb 9:15.
  4. Redemption is the basis for our Justification, Rom 3:24; 5:9.
  5. Redemption is the basis for our Sanctification, Eph 5:25-27.
  6. Redemption is the basis for Eternal Inheritance of believers, Heb 9:15.
  7. Redemption is the basis for the strategic victory of Jesus Christ in the Angelic Conflict, Col 2:14-15; Heb 2:14-15, (the passage for rendering Satan and his legions powerless).
  8. Redemption is the basis for the mediatorship of Jesus Christ, 1 Tim 2:5-6, Heb 9:14-15.
  9. Redemption of the soul in salvation results in redemption of the body in resurrection, Rom 8:23; Eph 1:14; 4:30.

Redemption views salvation from the standpoint of the complete payment of our sins, giving man the option to believe in Christ for eternal life. This is what Zachariah knew. This is what he was proclaiming!

Isa 44:22, “I have wiped out your transgressions like a thick cloud and your sins like a heavy mist. Return to Me, for I have redeemed you.”

Let us not lose the great symbolism seen in this story line. As Zachariah was under the bondage of sin within his soul, (unfaithfulness to God’s word resulting in Divine discipline – mute and deaf), he is now freed, (able to speak and hear once again), because of God’s great plan of redemption through Jesus Christ, which he praises here.

Also remember, that when we rebound and recover from sin, God will still use us in wonderful ways, as He does with Zachariah. As long as we are alive, we are never out of the potential to be in God’s directive will and plan for our lives.

Vs. 69

Luke 1:69, “And has raised up a horn of salvation for us in the house of David His servant.”

Here, Zachariah praised God for sending the Savior into the world, in similar fashion to the messianic Psalms, Psa 18:2; 132:17-18.

Psa 18:2, “The LORD is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer, My God, my rock, in whom I take refuge; My shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.”

Psa 132:17-18, “There I will cause the horn of David to spring forth; I have prepared a lamp for Mine anointed. 18His enemies I will clothe with shame, but upon himself his crown shall shine.”

It begins with, “raised,” another past tense Aorist, Active, Indicative use of the Verb EGEIRO that means, “raise, be raised, rise, appear, wake up, arouse!” It is used extensively throughout the NT. Here it is in parallel with vs. 78, “Sunrise,” in this great chiastic psalm of praise. It means bringing the Savior into the world, as noted in the Attributive Noun used as an adjective for “salvation,” SOTERIA, that means, “salvation, deliverance, preservation.”

In theology, salvation is the deliverance of man or his soul from the power or penalty of sin; redemption.  When we think about salvation, we also see the doctrines of: substitution, redemption, reconciliation, propitiation, conviction, calling, election, predestination, sovereignty, free will, grace, repentance, faith, regeneration, forgiveness, justification, sanctification, preservation, and glorification.

Salvation has two fundamental ideas inherent in the meaning of the word: on the one hand, to be saved is to be rescued from a lost estate, while on the other hand, to be saved is to be brought into a saved estate, vitally renewed, and brought close to God as a partaker of the inheritance of the saints in light.

Psa 3:8, “Salvation belongs to the LORD; Your blessing be upon Your people! Selah.” Cf. Isa 45:17; Jonah 2:9

Luke also uses the Noun KERAS in this verse that means, “horn.” He only uses it here. Otherwise, it is only used in the book of Revelation 11 times. It is a Semitic symbol of strength and power, and was used in the OT as such, cf. Psa 18:2; 132:17.

Psa 18:2, “The LORD is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer, My God, my rock, in whom I take refuge; My shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.”

Psa 132:17, “There I will cause the horn of David to spring forth; I have prepared a lamp for Mine anointed.”

It means the horn of an animal that signifies power and strength, and the four corners of the altar that point in all four directions signifying the same and its all sufficiency.

In Revelation, it is first used for Jesus Christ, Rev 5:6, then the Golden Altar in heaven, Rev 9:13, and after that for the power and reign of Satan, the antichrist, and various evil kings and nations of the Tribulation, Rev 12:3; 13:1, 11; 17:3, 7, 12, 16. It is used extensively in the OT, also literally of animal horns and symbolically of power, cf. Deut 33:17.

The first time “horns” is used in the Bible is in Gen 22:13, for the ram’s horns that were caught in the thicket that Abraham would sacrifice in the place of his son Isaac. That was a wonderful type of what our Lord would do for all of mankind.

The first time “horn” is used in Exodus is in Ex 19:13, for the Lord calling the people to assemble before Him; the Gathering together of His people.

It is used for both the corners of the Altar of Sacrifice, Ex 29:12, and the Altar of Incense, Ex 37:25. So, it symbolically means, Christ’s sacrifice for redemption leading to salvation and His intercessory mediatorship in our prayer life, cf. Rom 8:32-34.

Lev 16:18, “Then he shall go out to the altar that is before the LORD and make atonement for it, and shall take some of the blood of the bull and of the blood of the goat, and put it on the horns of the altar on all sides.”

It also symbolized a place of refuge, 1 King 1:50-51; 2:28, which is the result of redemption and salvation for those who receive it.

Therefore, “horn of salvation” could be translated as, “powerful deliverer,” and speaks to the power of Jesus Christ to save, with the subsequent refuge and relationship we have with God in Him. That is why Paul stated in Rom 1:16, “For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.”

And, in Heb 7:25, we see the dual nature of the “horn of salvation,” for saving us from our sins and mediation. Heb 7:25, “Hence, also, He is able to save forever those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them.”

Finally, this “salvation” is both from sin and the world, i.e., Satan’s cosmic system. In Christ’s First Advent, He defeated sin. As a result, in His Second Advent, He will culminate the victory by literally defeating Satan and his cosmic system, i.e., world governments like Rome. Israel was looking for both. But unfortunately, many confused the Scriptures and their need, and where looking for Jesus to defeat Rome in His First Advent, thereby missing His “visitation,” Luke 19:44.

This salvation and position of power is related to “the house of David His servant,” which speaks to the fulfillment of the Davidic Covenant through the arising Messiah, as Jesus would be born in the line of David to fulfill the Covenant promise, Luke 3:31; Mat 1:1, 6. Therefore, the reference to the house of David identifies this horn of salvation as the Messiah.

Vs. 70

Luke 1:70, “As He spoke by the mouth of His holy prophets from of old.”

Here, Zachariah indicates that this “horn of salvation” that would provide “redemption,” was prophesied by the ancient writers of the Scriptures and others called, “the prophets,” PROPHETES, προφήτης. Cf. Acts 3:21; Rom 1:2.

Of old,” is the Greek Preposition APO, “from, out of,” and the Noun AION that means, “long period of time, eternity, earliest times, age, era,” cf. Luke 1:33, 55. In other words, this is not new information; it has been around for generations, and that which was unfolding was not something unforeseen; it was part of the eternal plan of God.

Vs. 71

Luke 1:71, “Salvation from our enemies, and from the hand of all who hate us.”

This phrase uses the political implications of deliverance (SOTERIA) from worldly “enemies.” But remember, that our greatest enemy, as was Israel’s, was sin and Satan, as the Greek Adjective here indicates. It is ECHTHROS ἐχθρός that means, “hated, hostile, an enemy, or the enemy (Satan).” Cf. vs. 74; 2 Sam 22:18; Psa 18:17; 106:10; Mat 13:39.

2 Sam 22:18 and Psa 18:17, “He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from those who hated me, for they were too mighty for me.”

This reminds us of the great Messianic Psalm of David, Psa 110:1, “The LORD says to my Lord: ‘Sit at My right hand until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet’.” Cf. Luke 20:42-43.

Hate,” is the Verb MISEO, μισέω that means, “hate, detest, abhor, or prefer against.”

Therefore, it references what Christ would accomplish in His Second Advent, based on what He would complete in His First Advent.

Psa 106:10, “So He saved them from the hand of the one who hated them, and redeemed them from the hand of the enemy.”

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If you would like more information on this subject, you may watch/listen to lesson:

#19-007 & 19-008

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If you have never accepted Jesus Christ as your Lord and Savior, I am here to tell you that Jesus loves you. He loves you so much that He gave His life for you. God the Father also loves you. He loves you so much that He gave His only Son for you by sending Him to the Cross. At the Cross Jesus died in your place. Taking upon Himself all of your sins and all of my sins. He was judged for our sins and paid the price for our sins. Therefore, our sins will never be held against us.

Right where you are, you now have the opportunity to make the greatest decision in your life. To accept the free gift of salvation and eternal life by truly believing that Jesus Christ died for your sins and was raised on the third day as the proof of the promise of eternal life. So right now, you can pause and reflect on what Christ has done for you and say to the Father:

“Yes Father, I believe that Your Son, Jesus Christ,
died on the cross for the forgiveness of my sins.”

If you have done that, I welcome you to the eternal Family of God!

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