The Gospel of Luke ~ Chapter 16 (Part 5) ~ Summary & Conclusion

Luke 16 Pt 5 Sum and Conclud pic

Gospel of Luke ~ Chapter 16

Outline of the Book:

I. Preface: The Method and Purpose of Writing, Luke 1:1-4.

II. The Identification of the Son of Man with Men, Luke 1:5-4:13.

III. The Ministry of the Son of Man to Men, Luke 4:14-9:50.

IV. The Repudiation of the Son of Man by Men, Luke 9:51-19:27.

I. Instruction in the Light of Rejection, Luke 12:1-19:27.

14. Concerning wealth, Luke 16:1-31.

a. The unrighteous steward, vs. 1-9.

b. Principles on the righteous treatment of wealth,vs. 10-13.

c. Rebuke of the Pharisees’ love of money, vs. 14-18.

d. The rich man and Lazarus, vs. 19-31.

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Summary and Conclusion of Chapter 16

As we have noted in our outline of the Gospel of Luke, we are on the fourth major point:

IV. The Repudiation of the Son of Man by Men, Luke 9:51-19:27.

I. Instruction in the Light of Rejection, Luke 12:1-19:27.

Under that heading, Chapter 16 is the fourteenth sub-point:

14. Concerning wealth, Luke 16:1-31.

In this Chapter our Lord is teaching on the right dealing with the wealth of this world. We have broken it down into four sections:

a. The unrighteous steward, vs. 1-9.

b. Principles on the righteous treatment of wealth,vs. 10-13.

c. Rebuke of the Pharisees’ love of money, vs. 14-18.

d. The rich man and Lazarus, vs. 19-31.

Luke 16 Pt 5 pic 1
a. The Unrighteous Steward, vs. 1-8.

Vs. 1-4, deal with not gossiping, slandering, or maligning others. Yet, if we are the recipient of it, we are to trust in God and not ourselves, vs. 5-8, deal with personal faith, and vs. 9, deals with good stewards being shrewd in a good way.

In vs. 1-2, we have a warning about mishandling God’s gracious privileges and responsibilities.

In vs. 3, we noted the error of taking matters into your own hands rather than trusting in God.

In vs. 4, we noted how some are falsely trying to secure their eternal blessings.

Then, in vs. 5-8, it dealt with personal faith using a negative scenario. In this negative scenario, the steward puts his plan into action to solve his problem on his own, rather than turning to and trusting in God. Our Lord desires that we turn to Him for solutions for every problem we face in life, Psa 55:22; Mat 6:25; Luke 12:22-31; 1 Peter 5:7.

Mat 6:25, “For this reason I say to you, do not be anxious for your life, as to what you shall eat, or what you shall drink; nor for your body, as to what you shall put on. Is not life more than food, and the body than clothing?”

In addition, we are commanded to be shrewd in our dealings with the unbelievers of this world to win them over for Christ. Not in a sinful way though, but as such to be able to give them the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

This parable taught about God and Jesus Christ as the master of the house, and the Lord’s ownership. At the same time, it teaches us about our stewardship. Those who serve God are stewards or servants in His house. He is the owner, we are stewards.

Luke 16 Pt 5 pic 2
b. Principles on the righteous treatment of wealth, vs. 10-13.

These verses are concerned with our faith in God. We are to do our duty and trust in His grace for our reward. Here, we see the character we are to have in vs. 10, the consequences of our actions in vs. 11-12, and the challenge we are given in vs. 13.

In all, if we are operating faithfully in small matters, we will act faithfully in larger ones too. On the other side, if we act sinfully in small matters, we will also act sinfully in larger situations.

Luke 12:42, “And the Lord said, “Who then is the faithful and sensible steward, whom his master will put in charge of his servants, to give them their rations at the proper time?””

1 Cor 4:2, “In this case, moreover, it is required of stewards that one be found trustworthy.”

God will not bless us in time or eternity, if we are unfaithful towards Him with the things or responsibilities we have in this world. That is why in all things and matters we are to trust in Him and rely upon Him.

As believers in the Church Age, we have been given much, and therefore need to be faithful to God in handling those things. If we are not, we will have loss of reward. If we are, we will be blessed even further by God, 1 Cor 3:12-15. That is what we noted in Luke 12:48b, “From everyone who has been given much, much will be required; and to whom they entrusted much, of him they will ask all the more.”

In vs. 13, we had a “love – hate” relationship supported by a “devoted – despise,” analogy. In that, we cannot have split allegiances. We can only have one true allegiance in our lives and that should be with God. If we have sin in our lives, our allegiance is with the world, Satan’s cosmic system, which is designed to hate God. Therefore, if we love the things of this world, we will end up hating God.

1 John 2:15, “Do not love the world nor the things in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him.”

John 15:19, “If you were of the world, the world would love its own; but because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, because of this the world hates you.”

Therefore, take note as to who or what the world loves, and who or what the world hates. Then you will be able to see where your allegiances should lie regarding the people and things of this world. Yet, in all situations, our allegiance should be with God and the things of God.

Mat 16:26, “For what will it profit a man if he gains the whole world and forfeits his soul? Or what will a man give in exchange for his soul?”

We must make up our minds. Will we serve the false god of money and possessions, which amounts to idolatry, or will we serve the One true living God who owns all things?

Col 3:23-24, “Whatever you do, do your work heartily, as for the Lord rather than for men, 24knowing that from the Lord you will receive the reward of the inheritance. It is the Lord Christ whom you serve.”

Luke 16 Pt 5 pic 3
c. Rebuke of the Pharisees’ love of money, vs. 14-18,
good stewards must be obedient.

Paul also wrote how the love of money is the root of all kinds of evil, and has a negative effect on the soul, 1 Tim 6:10, “For the love of money is a root of all sorts of evil, and some by longing for it have wandered away from the faith and pierced themselves with many griefs.” Remember, the scriptures do not say “money is the root of all evil,” it states “the love of money is….”

As we noted, money cannot buy everything, especially salvation, (the spiritual death of our Lord was the purchase price for our salvation). Money cannot buy love, it is not a means of happiness, nor is it a means of security, Mat 6:24‑33. There are many other things that money cannot buy, such as security, perfect happiness from God, stability of soul, or peace of mind.

Some questions we can ask ourselves to see if we are lovers of money or not:

  1. Does my pursuit of money interfere with obeying God?
  2. Do I always look for something that will benefit me financially, regardless of how it affects others?
  3. Am I more concerned with what my cost will be instead of allowing myself to be moved by compassion?

Money related to right perspective and mental attitude is taught in 1 Tim 6:3-11, 17-19.

We also noted the principle that even though we may hide our thoughts from man, there is no hiding of our thoughts before God, as He knows every one of them. God knows our attitudes, our motives, our feelings, and everything else that is under the surface regarding the thoughts of our souls. Our problem is our heart. As Jer 17:9 says, “The heart is more deceitful than all else, and is desperately sick; who can understand it?”

We may fool ourselves and others, but we will not fool God. God knows who we are all the way down to the bottom of our souls. As such, we should not try to fool God, as we try to fool others and even ourselves. Therefore, knowing that God knows your every thought should lead you to have great honesty and integrity in your thoughts and your actions. If you have been putting on a façade for others, stop what you have been doing and start operating in the integrity of God with great faith as His Word flows through your soul.

In vs. 15, we understand that loving money is one of the “detestable things / abominations” to God.

Vs. 16, showed us that the Gospel has been, is, and always will be available to man to believe for salvation. But, unfortunately, due to the love of money, many people reject the gospel and try to find their own way or means to salvation. This is what Jesus meant by “forcing their way into it.” Rather than trusting in God’s plan for salvation, they try their own way, typically through human good works.

Vs. 17, notes that the Word of God is everlasting and will never diminish or fail. God’s plan of salvation is absolute and all sufficient.

In vs. 18, the doctrine of Divorce is used to show the unchanging and everlasting nature of the Word of God. There, we noted the principles for legitimate and illegitimate divorce, and the ever endurance of the Word. Yet, it brings out the application of serving money, as people divorce themselves from God and commit adultery against Him by going after money. They are now married to the divorcée called money, (which in this case, speaks to Satan and his cosmic system as well, who was previously divorced from God, i.e., their husband). Therefore, they are now committing adultery against God, which amounts to idolatry.

Luke 16 Pt 5 pic 4
d. The rich man and Lazarus, vs. 19-31
, good stewards will be rewarded.

This true story is also sometimes entitled, “Dead men tell tales.” This true story describes the first and second compartments of Hades / Sheol during the dispensations of the OT. There are three perspectives given in this passage.

1) The perspective of life, vs. 19-21.

2) The perspective of death, vs. 22.

3) The perspective of Sheol or Hades after death, vs. 23-31.

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

1) The perspective of life, vs. 19-21.

This rich man lusted for wealth and became the slave to wealth. As a slave to money and pleasure, he had no time for the gospel until it was too late, i.e., after he died. Yet, Lazarus was a poor man both in health and wealth. This was a blessing in two ways: a) He was not distracted by worldly riches from knowing and believing in the Gospel, and b) It provided him the opportunity to go through suffering for blessing, which maximizes giving glory to God.

2) The perspective of death, vs. 22.

Here, we noted two very different endings that were really beginnings of their eternal life. They both received a complete reversal of their earthly situation. In that section, we also noted a brief study about angels.

3) The perspective of Hades / Sheol after death, vs. 23-31.

In their reversal of fortunes, we noted how the rich man remained in his self-centered arrogance, even though he was suffering greatly for all of eternity. The heart does not change in the eternal state.

In this section we noted the nature and topography of Hades, how believers went to the section in Hades called Abraham’s Bosom or Paradise, while unbelievers went to the section called the Place of Torments. Between the two is a great chasm that could not be traversed by the inhabitants on either side. This was the fact up until the death and resurrection of our Lord, when He brought those in Paradise to Heaven where they now reside for all of eternity. Yet, for the unbeliever they continue to go to the Place of Torments upon their death, and then will go to the Great White Throne Judgment of our Lord and be cast into the Lake of Fire for all of eternity, due to their rejection of Jesus Christ during their time here on planet earth, Rev 20:10-15.


Luke 16 Pt 1 vs 13 pic 3

Therefore, our Lord taught throughout this Chapter about the right and wrong treatment of wealth in this life, especially related to your relationship with God and the Lord Jesus Christ. Verse 13, is the key verse of this Chapter, Luke 16:13, “No servant can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one, and love the other, or else he will hold to one, and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon.”



If you have never accepted Jesus Christ as your Lord and Savior, I am here to tell you that Jesus loves you. He loves you so much that He gave His life for you. God the Father also loves you. He loves you so much that He gave His only Son for you by sending Him to the Cross. At the Cross Jesus died in your place. Taking upon Himself all of your sins and all of my sins. He was judged for our sins and paid the price for our sins. Therefore, our sins will never be held against us.

Right where you are, you now have the opportunity to make the greatest decision in your life. To accept the free gift of salvation and eternal life by truly believing that Jesus Christ died for your sins and was raised on the third day as the proof of the promise of eternal life.

So right now, you can pause and reflect on what Christ has done for you and say to the Father:

“Yes Father, I believe that Your Son, Jesus Christ,
died on the cross for the forgiveness of my sins.”

If you have done that, I welcome you to the eternal Family of God!

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