Chapter 16 Outline:
- Vs. 1-6, The Importance of Preparedness. Persecution Foretold. Pt. 33
- Vs. 7-15, Further Instructions Regarding the Holy Spirit. The Promise of the Holy Spirit, and His Office. Pt. 34
- Vs. 16-18, Christ’s Death, Resurrection, and Ascension Reemphasized. Pt. 35
- Vs. 19-22, The Happiness of God, as a Result of Jesus’ Resurrection. Pt. 36
- Vs. 23-28, Summary on the Power Available to us through Prayer. Encouragement to Prayer. Pt. 37
- Vs. 29-33, Final Words of Encouragement. Christ’s Discoveries of Himself. Pt. 38
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John 16:7-15, “7 But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you. 8 And He, when He comes, will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment; 9 concerning sin, because they do not believe in Me; 10 and concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father and you no longer see Me; 11 and concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world has been judged. 12 “I have many more things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now. 13 But when He, the Spirit of truth, comes, He will guide you into all the truth; for He will not speak on His own initiative, but whatever He hears, He will speak; and He will disclose to you what is to come. 14 He will glorify Me, for He will take of Mine and will disclose it to you. 15 All things that the Father has are Mine; therefore I said that He takes of Mine and will disclose it to you.”
In Verses 7-15, we have a mini discourse on the Holy Spirit. This is part of the Mystery Doctrine for the Church, Rom 16:5; 1 Cor 2:7; Eph 1:9; 3:3-9; Co 1:26-27; 2:2.
This is the Doctrine of the Mystery of the Holy Spirit; the Ministry of the Holy Spirit in the Church Age. It is called a mystery, not because it is obscure today, but because nothing concerning the Church Age was revealed in Old Testament times, especially this permanent indwelling of the Holy Spirit, coupled with His teaching ministry.
Now that the Church Age has begun, we have the Canon of Scripture unfolding Bible Doctrine with regard to the Church Age, including the ministry of the Holy Spirit. So, the Doctrine of the Mystery deals with Doctrines pertaining to the Church Age, not hidden from us but hidden in the past.
The reason for the Doctrine of the Mystery is quite obvious: it was designed to keep Satan from being clued in on the Church Age until the intensification of that stage of the conflict would actually begin.
In verse 7-15, we have an introduction to the Mystery Doctrine for the Church Age of the Holy Spirit. This is now the fourth time our Lord spoke of the Holy Spirit in the Upper Room and Gethsemane.
He first mentions Him in John 14:16-17, where Jesus will ask the Father to the send the “Helper,” the “Spirit of Truth,” who will indwell every believer of the Church Age.
Then in John 14:26, the Helper is defined as our “teacher” of God’s Word / the mind of Christ, defined as the Grace Apparatus for Perception, (GAP), who will “bring to our remembrance” all the Bible Doctrine we have learned.
Then in John 15:26, the Helper’s ministry of Common Grace is defined. That is, it is His responsibility to make the gospel understandable to all. Likewise, through the filling of the Spirit, we are empowered to deliver the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
Now we have the fourth mention of the Spirit, which summarizes and expands on what Jesus had previously taught them about and the reason for the Holy Spirit.
- Vs. 7, “I will send Him to you,” which is to their and our advantage.
- Vs. 8-11, The convicting ministry of the Spirit that is part of His common grace ministry.
- Vs. 13-15, His teaching and guiding ministry, which ultimately glorifies Christ.
So, what we have in these verses is God’s provision of Divine power, God’s Power System (GPS), for the intensified stage of the Angelic Conflict. This is the first ray of hope for the disciples. Even though they have failed to learn Doctrine in the three years Jesus has been teaching them, they are going to learn Doctrine, after He has gone, by the power of God the Holy Spirit.
So, let us begin with verse 7.
John 16:7, “But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you.”
The Greek reads:
“ἀλλ’ ἐγὼ τὴν ἀλήθειαν λέγω ὑμῖν, συμφέρει ὑμῖν ἵνα ἐγὼ ἀπέλθω. ἐὰν γὰρ μὴ ἀπέλθω, ὁ Πακλητός οὐ μὴ ἔλθῃ πὅς ὑμᾶς· ἐὰν δὲ πορευθῶ, πέμψω αὐτὸν πρὸς ὑμᾶς.”
Transliterated it reads:
“ALL EGO TEN ALETHEIAN LEGO HUMIN, SUMPHEREI HUMIN HINA EGO APELTHO. EAN GAR ME APELTHO, HO PARAKLETOS OUK ELEUSETAI PROS HUMAS; EAN DE POREUTHO, PEMPSO AUTON PROS HUMAS.”
“But” – ALL is the Coordinating Conjunction ALLA – ἀλλά (al-lah’) that means, “but, rather, to the contrary.” Our Lord is contrasting the fact of the disciples’ Emotional Revolt of the Soul in verse 6 with the encouragement of sending them the Holy Spirit.
EGO is a Pronoun in the Subject Nominative, First Person, Singular that means, “I.” Jesus referring to Himself as the One speaking here.
TEN ALETHEIAN is the article HO, “the,” plus the Noun ALETHEIA – ἀλήθεια (al-ay’-thi-a) in the Object Accusative, Feminine, Singular that means, “truth, truthfulness; reality.” This is all that Jesus is capable of telling / teaching them; absolute truth, which is Doctrine in categorical form.
LEGO is a Verb in the Present, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular that means, “say, speak, or tell.”
LEGO emphasizes the content of His message formed into words in the mind. (The communication of it would be LALEO – speak). So, He is giving them doctrinal content.
HUMIN is the Pronoun SU – σύ (soo) that means, “you,” in the Dative, Second Person, Plural which means, “to you all,” referring to the disciples in the Upper Room. HUMIN is followed by a comma.
- Even though Jesus is under great pressure He is not in any way under shock and can still communicate Bible Doctrine effectively, because He has built capacity by building His own Edification Complex of the Soul (ECS) through the consistent intake and application of God’s Word, while being filled with God the Holy Spirit.
- As is the case of the disciples and us too, Bible Doctrine must displace mental attitude sins if you are to advance inside the Plan of God.
- This Doctrine, and others for that fact, will not help unless there is a structure of Doctrine in the soul (ECS). A temporary dash of Doctrine when you need it is not going to cut it or take up the slack; you must over a period of time have taken in the Doctrine to apply in times of crisis.
- When the crisis comes, you have to have more than two hours of Bible class, and more than a couple of verses that you have memorized.
- Jesus Christ as the prototype for the spiritual life has built capacity to apply Bible Doctrine while under pressure by means of the filling of God the Holy Spirit.
So, we have, “But I tell (teach) you all the truth (Bible Doctrine).” He is continuing to teach them part of the Mystery Doctrines for the Church Age that pertains to the Holy Spirit.
Our next phrase is, “it is to your advantage that I go away;”
SUMPHEREI is the Verb SUMPHERO – συμφέρω (soom-fer’-o) in the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular. It is a compound verb made up of the prefix SUN – σύν (soon) which is a primary preposition that means, “with, together with, (expressing association with),” and the root word PHERO – φέρω (fer’-o) that means, “to bear, carry, or bring forth.”
So, SUMPHERO comes to mean, “to bring together, to be profitable: advantage.” Ultimately it means, “it is advantageous, it is beneficial, it is profitable.”
The Customary Present Tense is linear aktionsart; it keeps on being to their advantage that Christ departs. It is beneficial for them.
The Active Voice in the 3rd Person Singular groups the disciples into one body. Therefore, it is beneficial for the Body of Christ that Jesus returns to the Father and sends the Holy Spirit.
The Indicative Mood is the dogmatic fact that the Holy Spirit is beneficial to all He indwells.
HUMIN is once again the Pronoun SU that means, “you,” in the Dative, Second Person, Plural which means, “to you all.”
HINA is a Coordinating Conjunction meaning, “that.” Linked with the Subjunctive Mood of the word APERCHOMAI, “depart,” below establishes the following dependent clause as a Purpose-Result clause. It tells us of Jesus’ intention to depart to the Father, and its sure accomplishment.
EGO is again the Pronoun in the Subject Nominative, First Person, Singular that means, “I.” Jesus is referring to Himself as the One who will be departing.
APELTHO is a Verb APERCHOMAI – ἀπέρχομαι (ap-erkh’-om-ahee) in the Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, First Person, Singular. It is a compound word from APO – ἀπό (apo’) a preposition and a primary particle that means, “from, away from,” and the primary verb ERCHOMAI – ἔρχομαι (er’-khom-ahee) that means, “to come.” So, APERCHOMAI comes to mean, “to go away or to depart.”
The Constative Aorist Tense views the entirety of the action of His departure in summary fashion which includes His arrest, the trials, the Cross, the burial, the resurrection, the ascension, and His session seated at the right hand of God. It stresses the fact of occurrence not its nature.
The Active Voice with the First Person, Singular: Jesus is the One who will be departing; returning to the Father.
The Subjunctive Mood: Linked with HINA above, we have a Purpose-Result clause that is a declaration of Divine Will, that is, Jesus fulfilling the will and plan of the Father. It stresses for us; what God purposes is what happens. The destination is the fulfilment of Phase One of the Plan of God for Jesus, the incarnation. His departure fulfils God’s Plan for His incarnation.
APELTHO is followed by a period ending this sentence.
So, we have, “It is (and keeps on being) advantageous to you all that I depart (return to the Father).” Compare with John 13:16b; 33c; 36b; 14:2-3, 28.
Next, we have, “for if I do not go away.”
There are two 3rd class conditions (maybe yes, maybe no) in the remainder of this verse. When there are two in the same sentence, it sets up two alternatives to a situation. The first alternative: Suppose Jesus Christ does not go through with the plan of the Father for the incarnation. This is an assumption which is not true, but it is put in the 3rd class condition to indicate alternatives.
As with all “if statements,” there is the condition “if” statement called PROTASIS, and the result or “then” statement called APODOSIS. The first alternative’s condition or if statement begins with:
EAN which is a Conditional Particle in the 3rd Class. It means, “if,” which says, maybe I will or maybe I will not. This sets up a negative hypothetical scenario.
GAR is the Subordinating Conjunction that means, “for.”
ME is a Negative Particle meaning, “not.”
APELTHO is once again the Verb APERCHOMAI in the Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, First Person, Singular that means, “to depart.” This time it is not part of a purpose-result clause, but part of an “if” clause. This gives us the conditional element of this clause.
The Constative Aorist Tense views the entirety of the action of His departure in summary fashion. Linked with the Greek negative ME, it stresses the fact of His departure not occurring.
The Active Voice with the First Person, Singular in this hypothetical scenario, Jesus is the One who will not be returning to the Father.
The Subjunctive Mood gives us the conditional element of this hypothetical scenario with the volitional responsibility of Jesus in view. So, we will say, “I do not depart.”
Combined it is, “For if I do not depart.” This is the PROTASIS.
Next, we have the “then” statement or APODOSIS, “the Helper will not come to you.”
HO PARAKLETOS is the Article “the,” and the Noun in the Subject Nominative, Masculine, Singular that means, “advocate, Helper, comforter, one who is sent to assist another, or better, one who provides beneficial services for another.” This is the One who will not come if Christ does not depart.
PARAKLETOS here refers to the Holy Spirit, as it did in John 14:16, 26; 15:26.
The same noun is used for Jesus Christ, the second person of the Trinity in 1 John 2:1, where He is called, “Advocate.”
OUK is the other Greek Negative Particle which means, “not or absolutely not.”
There is a double negative here and this is a stronger negative in the Greek.
- Christ must go up to be a PARAKLETOS; the Spirit must come down to be a PARAKLETOS.
- The Spirit is to indwell us on earth; Christ is to represent us in heaven.
- During the intensification of the Angelic Conflict, every believer is an ambassador representing the absent Christ, 2 Cor 5:20.
- An ambassador represents someone who is absent. Christ is in heaven representing us, and we are on the earth representing Him.
- But we do not have the power to represent Him without the ministry of the Holy Spirit, our PARAKLETOS.
ELEUSETAI is the Verb ERCHOMAI in the Future, Middle Deponent, Indicative, Third Person, Singular, the means, “to come.”
The Future Tense tells us that in the future, under this scenario, the Holy Spirit will not come.
The Middle Deponent in the Third Person Singular tells us the Spirit will not come Himself.
The Indicative Mood is for the reality that the Spirit will not come under this scenario.
So, we say, “will absolutely not come.”
PROS is a Preposition in the Accusative Case that means, “to; toward; for the sake or purpose of, in order to, so that.”
HUMAS is the Pronoun SU that means, “you” in the Direct Object Accusative, Second Person, Plural, meaning, “you all.” So, our Lord is now addressing each one of the disciples individually. They are the ones who will lose out in this scenario by not receiving the Holy Spirit.
- No ascension of Christ means no First Advent of the Spirit.
- No First Advent of the Spirit means no benefit for the believer priest in the Church Age.
So, we have, “the Helper will absolutely not come to you all.”
The Holy Spirit was, of course, already at work in the hearts of men, but not in the sense of witnessing as PAREKLETOS, which could only take place after Jesus had gone back to the Father.
Finally, we have the second hypothetical scenario which is actually the true scenario of what will occur, “but if I go, I will send Him to you.”
EAN is the Conditional Particle in the 3rd Class. It means, “if” which says, maybe I will or maybe I won’t. This time it is the positive scenario.
DE is a Super-Ordinating Conjunction, “but” giving us the greater scenario than what was previously spoken.
POREUTHO is a Verb POREUOMAI – πορεύομαι (por-yoo’-om-ahee) that can mean, “go, proceed; travel, journey; leave; live, conduct one’s life; or to die,” in the Aorist, Passive Deponent, Subjunctive, First Person, Singular.
Here we have a different word for departure, which basically means, to go from point A to point B. Christ is going to go from Gethsemane to the Cross, and eventually to heaven. So, POREUOMAI expresses the Plan of God the Father. It is the plan of the Father that the Son goes to the Cross.
The Aorist Tense means from point to point to point, all gathered into one entirety: Gethsemane, the Cross, resurrection, ascension, and session.
The Passive Deponent in the First Person, Singular tells us that Jesus receives the action of departure, but it is His volitional choice to actually depart. We will say, “I go.”
The Subjunctive Mood is for the potential of this hypothetical scenario.
Next, we have the APODOSIS of the positive hypothetical scenario.
PEMPSO is the Verb PEMPO – πέμπω (pem’-po) in the Future, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular. It means, “to send, commission, dispatch, appoint.” Just as the Father dispatched the Son to His First Advent, Jesus Christ will dispatch the Holy Spirit to His First Advent.
The Future Tense: Jesus Christ will send the Spirit subsequent to His departure.
The Active Voice: Jesus Christ does the sending.
The Indicative Mood is for the reality that the Helper will be sent by Christ upon His return to the Father. We will say, “I will send.”
AUTON is the Pronoun AUTOS – αὐτός (ow-tos’) that means, “he, she, or it,” in the Direct Object Accusative, Masculine, Third Person Singular. It refers to God the Holy Spirit as the One being sent. We will say, “Him,” referring to the PARAKLETOS.
PROS HUMAS is once again, “to you all.”
So, we have, “But if I go, I will send Him to you all.”
Our complete translation of John 16:7 is, “But I tell (teach) you all the truth (Bible Doctrine), it is (and keeps on being) advantageous to you all that I depart (return to the Father). For if I do not depart then the Helper will absolutely not come to you all; but if I go, then I will send Him to you all.”
Here we see Jesus as the One sending the Holy Spirit, but He had previously told us that the Father will send the Spirit, John 14:16, 26. This again shows the unity of the Trinity.
So, we have “if,” the first alternative, not true; and “if,” the second alternative which is reality. But they are both 3rd class conditions to show alternatives to a situation. These are alternatives in the spiritual conflict.
The first: Suppose that Christ does not go to the cross: He has free will in His humanity. That would mean no resurrection, ascension, and no seating of Christ at the right hand of the Father. Therefore, the Angelic Conflict would not shift gears.
But suppose, on the other hand, that Christ goes to the cross, as He actually did, and is resurrected, ascended, seated at the right hand of the Father. Now the Angelic Conflict does shift gears, and we enter into the intensified stage of the Conflict. Therefore, we need the Holy Spirit whom the Father and Jesus will send in order to be winner believers.
No ascension of Christ means no First Advent of the Spirit. No First Advent of the Spirit means no benefit for the believer priest in the Church Age.
When the Holy Spirit is sent, He will find believers and unbelievers on the earth.
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The Lord Jesus Christ, while on earth, was a prophet concerning the Church Age. He taught many things concerning the Plan of God and one thing which He emphasized in the Upper Room and Gethsemane Discourses was the dispensation of the Church. But He had to anticipate it; it was a brand-new subject.
Everything that Jesus said about the Church Age was prophecy, and therefore He could only sketch out a few important details and certain principles connected with it. The greatest exponent of the Church Age is the apostle Paul and his letters clearly reflect the details and the design of the dispensation in which we find ourselves. Next to Paul, Peter and John had a tremendous clarification of certain areas of the Church Age. Jesus Christ Himself could not possibly have given the eleven disciples this information, because they would not have understood it. They heard Jesus Christ teach Bible Doctrine every day for three years, and yet they did not understand much of it as we have seen. But with the Holy Spirit, they would be led in understanding all the truths of the Bible.
Jesus now explains the work the Holy Spirit will do in the world. As noted in verses 8-11, we have the Ministry of the Holy Spirit to the Unbeliever. In verses 12-15, we have the Ministry of the Holy Spirit to the Believer. All of this has to do with the Church Age. So, let us begin with the Ministry to the Unbelievers of the Church Age found in verses 8-11, which is every member of the human race during this dispensation, (The Church Age or Age of Grace), because we all start out as unbelievers.
John 16:8, “And He, when He comes, will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment;”
The Greek Reads:
“καὶ ἐλθὼν ἐκεῖνος ἐλέγξει τὸν κόσμον περὶ ἁμαρτίας καὶ περὶ δικαιοσύνης καὶ περὶ κρίσεως;”
Transliterated it reads:
“KAI ELTHON EKEINOS ELEGXEI TON KOSMON PERI HAMARTIAS KAI PERI DIKAIOSUNES KAI PERI KRISEOS;”
KAI is the Coordinating Conjunction for, “and, even, or also.” Here our Lord begins to describe the positive scenario of verse 7, where He would depart and send His Spirit to indwell every believer.
ELTHON is the Verb – Participle of ERCHOMAI – ἔρχομαι (er’-khom-ahee), “to come,” in the Aorist, Active, Nominative, Masculine, Singular, meaning, “having come or coming.”
The Constative Aorist Tense simply describes the action in summary fashion as a fact of occurrence. We are not just talking about the day of Pentecost. We are talking about the entire Church Age, because every time someone believes in Christ, they are indwelt by God the Holy Spirit. So, He comes into every believer throughout the Church Age.
The Active Voice: God the Holy Spirit is the One who will come, (indwell every believer), after Jesus departs, when He along with the Father send the Spirit.
The Subject Nominative Case in this Participle gives it a noun connotation as, a “thing” that will occur, so we can say, “at His coming (i.e., throughout the Church Age).”
The Masculine Gender tells us He is male in figure, not female.
The Singular Number tells us He is a separate person, the third member of the God head (Trinity),
EKEINOS is an Emphatic, Demonstrative, Pronominal, Adjective in the Nominative, Masculine, Singular. As an adjective, it normally means, “that,” but as a Pronominal (pronoun), it means, “He, she, or it.” Here it stands as a pronoun referring to the Holy Spirit. As the Subject Nominative, the Spirit is the One who will come.
ELEGXEI is the Verb ELEGCHO – ἔλεγχος (el’-eng-khos) that means, “to expose, convict, or reprove,” in the Future, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular.
The Predictive Future Tense foretells the future ministry of the Holy Spirit, “will convict.”
The Active Voice in the Third Person, Singular: God the Holy Spirit, “He,” will be convicting the world.
The Indicative Mood is for the reality and purpose of His Advent. “He will convict.”
As a verb “convict” means, to prove someone guilty of crime in court. To prove in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime, to convince of wrongdoing or sinfulness.
It means, “to lay bare the facts, to lay them on the line.” It means, “to rebuke and to reprove,” but here it does not go quite that far. The Holy Spirit is not rebuking or reproving, He is exposing the facts. Why? Because unbelievers do not have the ability to understand the facts of the Gospel or any Spiritual Phenomena, because the unbeliever is minus the Human Spirit, 1 Cor 2:14.
1 Cor 2:14, “But a natural man does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him; and he cannot understand them, because they are spiritually appraised.”
Since the unbeliever does not have a Human Spirit, the Holy Spirit acts as a human spirit to the unbeliever whenever the Gospel is presented. But it has to be presented along the lines specified by the Lord Jesus Christ; in this particular passage; sin, righteousness and judgment.
This is convicting by proof which Jesus was already doing as noted in John 7:7 and 8:46.
John 7:7, “The world cannot hate you, but it hates Me because I testify of it, that its deeds are evil.”
But this is pre-eminently the work of the Holy Spirit, and the most needed task, especially today for our complacent age. Therefore, the Ministry of the Holy Spirit is to prove to mankind that he is guilty of sin during this appeal trial of the Angelic Conflict, and that he needs a Savior found in Jesus Christ.
As we will see, there are three aspects to the evidence the Holy Spirit will use to prove or convince us of our guilt.
TON KOSMON is the Article “the” plus the noun KOSMOS that can mean, “world, world order, mankind, etc.,” in the Object Accusative, Masculine, Singular. KOSMOS here does not stand for Satan’s Cosmic System or his world order, but for members of the human race who are unbelievers, as we all start out as unbelievers.
This is the group that the Holy Spirit will convict as being guilty before God using three pieces of evidence that all truly point to one thing: Jesus Christ! The very fact that the Spirit is in the world is an indictment against the world. Actually, Christ should be in the world, reigning as King; but the world crucified Christ. Yet, His Spirit is here, reminding mankind of its awful sin by means of the threefold conviction of the world by the Holy Spirit:
PERI is the Genitive Preposition that means, “about, concerning, of, with reference to; for, or on account of.”
HAMARTIAS is the Noun HARMATTIA – ἁμαρτία (ham-ar-tee’-ah) that means, “sin, failure, or missing the mark,” in the Genitive, Feminine, Singular. Notice it is in the singular not plural “sins.” The sin in focus is the lack of faith in Jesus Christ, the sin of unbelief.
KAI is the Coordinating Conjunction, “and,” which links the conviction of sin with, “righteousness” below.
PERI is once again the Genitive Preposition that means, “concerning.”
DIKAIOSUNES is the Noun DIKAIOSUNE – δικαιοσύνη (dik-ah-yos-oo’-nay) that means, “righteousness or justice,” in the Genitive, Feminine, Singular. It comes from the root DIKE – δίκη (dee’-kay) that means, “right.”
Righteousness is the opposite of “sin” and is part of the convicting Ministry of the Holy Spirit. Compare Rom 1:18-3:31 about the necessity of the God-kind of righteousness and the Sermon on the Mount, Mat 5-7, for Christ’s idea of righteous living for the believer.
KAI PERI the same as above, “and concerning.” This links “righteousness” with “judgment” below. And therefore, if A = B, and B = C then A = C as well. All three are part of the Spirit’s convicting ministry; sin, righteousness, and judgment. Notice that all three are preceded by PERI, “concerning,” in the Greek, giving emphasis to each individually, as well as collectively.
KRISEOS is the Noun KRISIS – κρίσις (kree’-sis) that means, “a decision, or judgment,” in the Genitive, Feminine, Singular.
Our complete translation of John 16:8 is, “And He (God the Holy Spirit), at His coming, (the Church Age), will convict the world concerning sin and concerning righteousness and concerning judgment.”
As we have noted in verses 7-8, Christ’s departure was necessary for the Helper’s (PARAKLETOS’) coming. Sending the Spirit was to be the fruit of Christ’s death, which was the reason for His going away. In fact, Christ’s bodily presence could be only in one place at one time, but His Spirit is everywhere, in all places, at all times.
So, this is the office of the Spirit: To convict or convince the world that it needs a Savior. This convincing work is the Spirit’s work, not your work; He can do it effectually.
The method the Holy Spirit takes; first, convince the unbeliever of his need for a Savior, verses 9-11, and then comfort those that do believe in Christ Jesus as their Savior, verse 13-15 with Acts 9:31; 2 Cor 1:3-8.
Acts 9:31, “So the church throughout all Judea and Galilee and Samaria enjoyed peace, being built up; and going on in the fear of the Lord and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit, it continued to increase.”
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“Concerning Sin,” John 16:9.
John 16:9, “Concerning sin, because they do not believe in Me;”
The Greek reads:
“περὶ ἁμαρτίας μέν, ὅτι οὐ πιστεύουσιν εἰς ἐμέ.”
Transliterated it reads:
“PERI HAMARTIAS MEN, HOTI OU PISTEUOUSIN EIS EME.”
PERI is once again the Genitive Preposition that means, “concerning.”
HAMARTIAS is the Noun HARMARTIA that means, “sin, failure, or missing the mark,” in the Genitive, Feminine, Singular. Notice it is in the singular not plural, “sins.” The sin in focus is the lack of faith in Jesus Christ, the sin of unbelief.
Basically, HAMARTIA means, “to miss the mark.” Sometimes this word in the plural is used for personal sins, and when that occurs, it means that basically we have failed to measure up to the perfection of God’s Essence.
But here in this verse, we do not have personal sins; we have something else which is defined for us. We have here a failure for which Christ did not and could not die on the Cross, (i.e. rejection of the Cross). When a person rejects the Cross, he stands on his own human good which has not been judged yet, but will be in the future at the last judgment, (i.e., The Great White Throne Judgement of Rev 20:11-15).
So, the very first thing about which the Holy Spirit places emphasis on is the true issue of the gospel, and this would be John 3:36 spelled out.
John 3:36, “He who believes in the Son has eternal life; but he who does not obey the Son (i.e., obey Jesus’ command to believe in Him, John 3:16), will not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.”
When presenting the gospel, it must be made clear that the issue in salvation is attitude toward Christ. To believe in Him is eternal life; to reject Him is eternal condemnation. This is the convicting message the Holy Spirit makes perspicacious for the unbeliever.
MEN is a Particle indicating contrast, emphasis or continuation. Here it indicates a contrast being made. It is linked with DE in verse 10, so we have a Correlative Conjunction. When you have MEN and DE in the same sentence, it comes to mean, “On the one hand… on the other hand…” So, we will translate MEN, “on the one hand,” and DE will be translated, “on the other hand” in verse 10, correlating two subjects, sin and righteousness, which are opposites from one another.
HOTI is a Subordinating Conjunction which means, “that or because.” HOTI establishes a causal clause.
OU is the Negative Particle OUK – οὐκ (ook) which means, “not, do not, etc.”
PISTEUOUSIN is the Verb PISTEUO – πιστεύω (pist-yoo’-o) that means, “to believe or entrust,” in the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Plural.
The Customary Present Tense describes an event that regularly or habitually occurs. They habitually do not believe in Jesus Christ as their Savior.
The Active Voice in the Third Person, Plural refers back to the KOSMOS, “the world” or unbelieving members of the human race who do not believe in Christ. Therefore, we can add “they” to identify this group.
The Indicative Mood is for the reality of fact that there are unbelievers in this world and that the Spirit works to convict the unbelieving world that Jesus Christ is their Savior.
EIS is a Preposition in the Accusative case, “into, to, in, at, on, upon, etc.”
EME is the Pronoun EGO – ἐγώ (eg-o’), “I or Me,” in the Direct Object, Accusative, First Person, Singular. Jesus Christ referring to Himself as the One the world does not believe in as its Savior, and therefore this is the sin that the Holy Spirit convicts the world of, the sin of unbelief.
Our translation of John 16:9 is, “On the one hand, concerning sin (the sin of unbelief), because they (the world), (habitually and customarily) do not believe in Me.”
There is something for which Christ cannot die: He cannot die for unbelief.
Without this conviction by the PARAKLETOS, such men actually have a pride of intellectual superiority in refusing to believe on Jesus as their Savior, Rom 1:18-25; 1 Cor 18-31; Eph 4:17-18.
Eph 4:17-18, “So this I say, and affirm together with the Lord, that you walk no longer just as the Gentiles also walk, in the futility of their mind, 18being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart.”
So, this is the sin of unbelief. The Spirit does not convict the world of individual sins; the conscience must do this, (see Acts 24:24-25). The Spirit’s presence in the world is proof that the world does not believe on Christ; otherwise, Christ would be here in the world. The sin that condemns the soul is unbelief, the rejection of Christ (see John 3:18-21).
John 12:47-50, “If anyone hears My sayings and does not keep them, I do not judge him; for I did not come to judge the world, but to save the world. 48He who rejects Me and does not receive My sayings, has one who judges him; the word I spoke is what will judge him at the last day. 49For I did not speak on My own initiative, but the Father Himself who sent Me has given Me a commandment as to what to say and what to speak. 50I know that His commandment is eternal life; therefore the things I speak, I speak just as the Father has told Me.”
John 8:23-24, “And He (Jesus) was saying to them, “You are from below, I am from above; you are of this world, I am not of this world. 24Therefore I said to you that you will die in your sins; for unless you believe that I am He, you will die in your sins.”
The Sin of rejecting Christ is the “unpardonable sin,” the only sin which Jesus could not pay for at the Cross.
When the Bible speaks of blaspheming the Holy Spirit, it is saying that that person or group has rejected the convicting ministry of the Holy Spirit. They have rejected His message of Christ crucified for their sins. This is the unpardonable sin; this is blaspheming the Holy Spirit.
Blasphemy is defined as: 1) Theology: The act of claiming for oneself the attributes and rights of God. 2) Judaism: Any word or deed meant to dishonor or revile the being or the work of God.
That is, claiming that through your own works, you can be saved or that you do not need a Savior and the work of Christ on the Cross for the forgiveness of your sins is foolishness.
Mat 12:31-32, “Therefore I say to you, any sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven people, but blasphemy against the Spirit shall not be forgiven. 32Whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man, it shall be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it shall not be forgiven him, either in this age or in the age to come.”
That is because the Spirit’s work is to make understandable the Cross of Jesus Christ and its effectiveness for our salvation. To reject the Spirit’s message is to reject Jesus Christ Himself.
Mark 3:28-29, “Truly I say to you, all sins shall be forgiven the sons of men, and whatever blasphemies they utter; 29but whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit never has forgiveness, but is guilty of an eternal sin.”
Luke 12:10, “And everyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him; but he who blasphemes against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him.”
The Unpardonable Sin is:
- A sin of the heart, not the lips, Mat 12:34-35. The words from the lips are the evidence of the condition of the heart; and evil words indicate an evil heart.
- A sin committed in the light of great evidence. At the time this was spoken, those men had seen Christ’s miracles and yet hardened their hearts against Him. Today the Spirit continues to illuminates all men to the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
- A sin of willful, persistent unbelief and final rejection of Jesus Christ. Adultery is not unpardonable (see John 8:1-11), nor is murder (God forgave David). But when a person persists in rejecting Christ and comes to the place where his heart is so calloused he has no concern for his eternal destiny, then it is too late.
So, we see that the Spirit shall convince the world of sin; not merely tell them of it.
The Spirit convinces of the fact of sin; of the fault of sin; of the folly of sin; of the filth of sin, that by it we become hateful toward God; of the fountain of sin, the corrupt nature of sin; and lastly, of the fruit of sin, that the end thereof is death. Therefore, the Holy Spirit proves that the entire world is guilty before God.
He also convinces the world of righteousness; that Jesus was The Christ and of Christ’s righteousness that is imparted to us for justification and salvation. Christ’s ascension proves the ransom was accepted, and the righteousness finished, through which believers were to be justified.
And finally, the Spirit will convict the world of judgment, because the prince of this world (Satan) has been judged. His power has been broken, who made all the mischief, and he is subdued by Christ which gives the believer confidence, especially in the “Day of Judgment.”
The Spirit uses witnessing Christians and the Word to convince the unbeliever of his sin of unbelief; of his need for righteousness; of the fact that since he belongs to Satan (Eph. 2:1-3), he is on the losing side. There is no salvation without Spirit led conviction, for the Spirit uses the Word to convict lost souls.
In verse 9, we saw the “Man-ward” side of the Holy Spirit’s convicting ministry to the world of unbelievers represented in “sin;” the sin of unbelief which is the unpardonable sin and the sin of blaspheming against the Holy Spirit.
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Now in verse 10, we have the “Christ-ward” side of the Holy Spirit’s convicting ministry to the world of unbelievers represented in “righteousness,” the opposite of sin, which is the righteousness found in the person and saving work of the Lord Jesus Christ.
In verse 11, we will see the “Satan-ward” side of the Holy Spirit’s convicting ministry to the world of unbelievers represented in “judgment;” the judgment of sins in the Person of Jesus Christ which defeated and condemned Satan once and for all time.
“Concerning Righteousness,” John 16:10.
John 16:10, “And concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father and you no longer see Me.”
The Greek reads: “περὶ δικαιοσύνης δέ, ὅτι πρὸς τὸν Πατέρα ὑπάγω καὶ οὐκέτι θεωρεῖτέ με·”
Transliterated it reads: “PERI DIKAIOSUNES DE, HOTI PROS TON PATERA HUPAGO KAI OUKETI THEOREITE.”
PERI is once again the Genitive Preposition that means, “concerning.”
DIKAIOSUNES is the Noun DIKAIOSUNE – δικαιοσύνη (dik-ah-yos-oo’-nay) that means, “righteousness,” and sometimes “justice,” in the Genitive, Feminine, Singular. It comes from DIKAIOS – δίκαιος (dik’-ah-yos) that means, “correct or righteous” and DIKE – δίκη (dee’-kay) that means, “right (as self-evident or dependent on custom, forensic law, or right) or justice (the principle, a decision or its execution, e.g., ‘justice has been served’).”
In the Feminine Gender, it means Biblically, “What God requires; what is right, righteousness, uprightness, justice; righting wrong; (God’s) putting (man) in a right relationship (with Himself); religious duties or acts of charity, as in Mat 6:1.
Here it speaks of the right relationship Jesus had with the Father, expressed most fully in the faithfulness Jesus had in fulfilling the Will and Plan of the Father. That is seen in this verse when He says, “I will go to the Father,” indicating His ascension which completed the Incarnation Plan of the Father for His Son.
Jesus Christ is the Righteous One who fulfilled the Father’s Plan of Salvation, James 5:6; Rev 5:2-5.
James 5:6, “You have condemned and put to death the righteous man; he does not resist you.”
True righteousness is being God-oriented which Jesus was 100% of the time. God also proves His righteousness toward man by His faithfulness, which He was to Jesus Christ 100% of the time. So, we see that the original meaning of DIKAIOSNE meant righteousness in the sense of fulfilling a Divine standard or a Divine statute. It came to mean, “fairness, mercy, charitableness,” and it eventually came to be a technical word for Grace Orientation, another way of saying God-oriented.
Therefore, the Holy Spirit convicts an unbeliever who has no grace orientation toward the Grace of God for his salvation found in the Righteous One, (the Lord Jesus Christ).
People are taught by the KOSMOS from the cradle to the grave that you have to work for it, fight for it, etc., all of which are human achievement concepts. Yet, human good has no application in the Plan of God, because grace is the complete opposite. You cannot achieve it, you cannot earn it or deserve it, God has done it all for you in Grace and Mercy. Therefore, Jesus says in essence, “righteousness will be realized in His return to the Father (completing the plan for salvation), and in the coming of the Spirit,” (the revealer of that righteousness).
This world does not have at its disposal the possibility of true righteousness apart from God’s providing it Himself via His Son and His Spirit, Mat 9:13; Mark 2:17.
Mat 9:13, “But go and learn what this means: ‘I desire compassion, and not sacrifice,’ for I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners.”
Mark 2:17, “And hearing this, Jesus said to them, “it is not those who are healthy who need a physician, but those who are sick; I did not come to call the self-righteous, but sinners.”
Christ accomplished what the Law could not do. Through His death, (God’s gift), unbelievers who believe in Christ via the convicting ministry of the Holy Spirit are made righteous, Rom 1:16-17; 5:7, 19; 8:3-4; 2 Cor 5:21; Gal 2:21; cf. Rom 10:4.
2 Cor 5:21, “He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.”
1 John 2:1, “My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.”
Rom 1:16-17, “For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. 17For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, “But the righteous man shall live by faith.””
Rom 5:7-8, “For one will hardly die for a righteous man; though perhaps for the good man someone would dare even to die. 8But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.”
Rom 5:19, “For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous.”
Because of the righteous person and work of Jesus Christ, those who are faithful will receive eternal rewards for righteousness, 2 Tim 4:8.
2 Tim 4:8, “In the future there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will award to me on that day; and not only to me, but also to all who have loved His appearing.”
The Spirit’s presence in the world is proof of the righteousness of Christ, who is now returned to the Father. While on earth, Christ was accused of being a lawbreaker and a sinner, as well as a counterfeit. But the fact that the Spirit is present on earth is proof that the Father raised the Son and received Him back to heaven.
As we noted in verse 9, DE is a Correlative Conjunction that works with MEN of verse 9. When you have MEN and DE in a sentence it can read, “on the one hand… on the other hand…,” correlating two subjects, sin and righteousness as opposites from one another. In addition, in verse 11, we have DE again, yet in a different position. There it is an Ascensive Conjunction meaning, “even,” used to express a final addition or point of focus. So, we will translate it there, “even” as the final addition to the correlation of sin and righteousness; even judgment.
HOTI is a Subordinating Conjunction which means, “that or because.” HOTI establishes a causal clause. In other words, the cause or reason the Holy Spirit convicts of righteousness is because Jesus ascended to the Father, given in the following phrase.
PROS is a Preposition in the Accusative case that means, “to; toward; for the sake or purpose of, in order to, so that.” Here is gives us position and direction, “to the Father” or literally, “face to face with My Father.”
TON PATERA is the Article HO – ὁ (ho) “the,” plus the Noun PATER – πατήρ (pat-ayr’) in the Direct Object, Accusative, Masculine, Singular that means, “Father,” referencing God the Father.
HUPAGO is a Verb in the Present, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular that means, “go, go one’s way; go away, depart; withdraw from one’s presence, go home; go back, return.” It is made up of HUPO – ὑπό (hoop-o’) that means, “by” and AGO – ἄγω (ag’-o), “to lead, bring, or carry (arrest).” So, HUPAGO comes to mean, “to lead or bring under, to lead on slowly, or to depart.”
The Completely Futuristic Present Tense is to stress the immediacy of the action of Jesus’ departing to be face to face with the Father, as though it were present.
The Active Voice in the First Person, Singular: Jesus Christ is the One who is returning to the Father. So, we can say, “I am going.”
The Indicative Mood is for the reality of Jesus’ ascension 40 days after His resurrection.
- To go to the Father Jesus Christ had to rise again. He had to ascend. He is seated at the right hand of the Father; He is glorified; and He is vindicated by the Father of His accusers. The mere fact of the Father’s acceptance of Jesus Christ into heaven demonstrates Jesus’ righteousness, and therefore Jesus is vindicated of His accusers
- The Father has accepted Him. The Father was propitiated by the Cross, and He shows His acceptance of the Son by saying to Him, “Sit down at My right hand until I make Your enemies Your footstool,” Psa 110:1; Heb 1:13.
- It is the Son who died on the Cross; it is the Son who is seated at the right hand of the Father; it is the Son who did the work, and He is the Righteous One.
- It is the Son who did the work and who is the Savior, and grace orientation at the point of witnessing is understanding who and what the Son is.
- When He says, “I go to my Father,” He is expressing the fact that His righteous work is completed, Rom 3:10, 21-30; Heb 1:8.
Rom 3:10, 21-30, “… There is none righteous, not even one;… 21But now apart from the Law the righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, 22even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all those who believe; for there is no distinction; 23for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus; 25whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed; 26for the demonstration, I say, of His righteousness at the present time, so that He would be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus. 27Where then is boasting? It is excluded. By what kind of law? Of works? No, but by a law of faith. 28For we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from works of the Law. 29Or is God the God of Jews only? Is He not the God of Gentiles also? Yes, of Gentiles also, 30since indeed God who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith is one.”
Heb 1:8-9, “But of the Son He says, “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, And the righteous scepter is the scepter of His kingdom. 9You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of gladness above Your companions.”
KAI is the Super-Ordinating Conjunction that means, “and, even, or also.” It introduces a clause that is more prominent than the one to which it relates.
OUKETI is an Adverb that means, “no longer, no more.” It is a compound word from OUK, “not,” and ETI – ἔτι (et’-ee), “still or yet,” literally, “still not or yet not.”
THEOREITE is the Verb THEOREO – θεωρέω (theh-o-reh’-o) in the Present, Active, Indicative, Second Person, Plural from THEOROS that means, “spectator,” and it comes to mean, “to look at, gaze, behold, or see as a spectator.”
The essence of the verb may be captured in its parent noun which means, “spectator.” Thus, THEOREO usually denotes an involved watching of something. Figuratively, it can mean, “to consider, to investigate, or to look into the matter.”
This is interesting because Jesus did not use BLEPO (a glance), or HORAO (panoramic view), or ATENIZO (to gaze intently at something). He uses THEOREO, which means you have to use your mind. It means to observe with the physical eyes and to understand what you observe, to have a conclusion about it.
“Spiritual perception is intended in the Johannine texts of, John 16:10, 16, 17, 19. Such perception is somehow connected to the presence of the Spirit. Just as Jesus is really a stranger to the kosmos, “world,” since He is from above, so too His followers are to have a different worldview. The natural man (the man of the kosmos) will not “see” Jesus, but His disciples will “see” Him (John 14:17, 19). The term can refer to literal sight, (Acts 17:16; 20:38), or mental perception or observation.” (Complete Biblical Library Greek-English Dictionary)
The Completely Futuristic Present Tense: An event that will occur once He ascends.
The Active Voice in the Second Person Plural: The disciples are the ones, along with the unbelieving world at that time, who had seen Him, and who will no longer see Him visibly. “Now you see me, now you don’t.”
The Indicative Mood is for the reality that they will no longer see Him. So, we say, “you all will no longer see.”
This word is also used for Stephen’s vision of the Lord at his stoning, Acts 7:55.
Acts 7:55-56, “But being full of the Holy Spirit, he gazed intently (ATENIZO) into heaven and saw (HORAO) the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God; 56and he said, “Behold, I see (THEOREO) the heavens opened up and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God”.”
ME is the Pronoun EGO, “I or Me” in the Accusative, First Person, Singular. Jesus Christ referring to Himself as the One they will no longer see.
With the bodily eyes and without the Holy Spirit, they are unable to behold Jesus physically or in the mentality of their souls. This reiterates what Jesus told them in John 14:18-19 (vs. 19, OUKETI THEOREI), where they would not see Him in bodily form, but be able to see Him spiritually, (in the mentality of their souls), as a result of sending the Holy Spirit.
Our complete translation of John 16:10 is, “On the other hand concerning righteousness, because I am going to the Father and you all will no longer see Me.”
The fact that Jesus Christ was raised on the third day, as opposed to being abandoned to Hades, Psa 16:10; Acts 2:27, and on the 40th day of His resurrection ascended into Heaven, Acts 1:9 (“lifted” is in the Passive Voice: He received the action of ascension.); thereby, being received into heaven by God the Father was a demonstration of Jesus’ personal righteousness, being accepted by God the Father into heaven.
This was also a vindication of the accusations against Him by the world, Mat 10:35; 12:24-27; Mark 3:22; Luke 11:15-19, who said that He was in fact not righteous, and instead in league with Satan, Rom 3:10, 21-30.
Yet, because the Father raised Him from the dead and received Him in heaven and seated Him at His right hand, Acts 2:33-35; 5:31-32; Eph 1:20-23; Heb 1:3; 12:2; etc., proves His righteousness and vindicates Him before His accusers.
Heb 1:3, “And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high.”
Acts 2:33-35, “Therefore having been exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He has poured forth this which you both see and hear. 34For it was not David who ascended into heaven, but he himself says: ‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, 35Until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.”’
Acts 5:31-32, “He is the one whom God exalted to His right hand as a Prince and a Savior, to grant repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins. 32And we are witnesses of these things; and so is the Holy Spirit, whom God has given to those who obey Him.”
Eph 1:20-23, “Which He brought about in Christ, when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places, 21far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come. 22And He put all things in subjection under His feet, and gave Him as head over all things to the church, 23which is His body, the fullness of Him who fills all in all.”
Jesus Christ is the Righteous One! Acts 3:14; 7:52; 22:14; Rom 5:19; 1 John 3:7; Rev 16:5.
Man realizes his unrighteousness as the Holy Spirit reveals Christ’s righteousness. Jesus’ departure to the Father and acceptance by the Father made possible the believer’s righteousness, as a result of the convicting ministry of God the Holy Spirit.
Rom 5:19, “For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous.”
1 John 3:7, “Little children, make sure no one deceives you; the one who practices righteousness is righteous, just as He (Jesus Christ) is righteous.”
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Now in verse 11, we have the Satan-ward side of the Holy Spirit’s convicting ministry to the world of unbelievers represented in “judgment.”
“Concerning Judgment,” John16:11.
John 16:11, “And concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world has been judged.”
The Greek reads:
“περὶ δὲ κρίσεως, ὅτι ὁ ἄρχων τοῦ κόσμου τούτου κέκριται.”
Transliterated it read:
“PERI DE KRISEOS, HOTI HO ARCHON TOU KOSMOU TOUTOU KEKRITAI.”
PERI is once again the Genitive Preposition that means, “concerning.”
DE is an Ascensive Conjunction. As we noted in verse 10, it is used to express a final addition or point of focus. So, we will translate it as, “even,” as the final addition to the correlation of the three-fold convicting ministry of God the Holy Spirit.
KRISEOS is the Noun KRISIS – κρίσις (kree’-sis), in the Descriptive Genitive, Feminine, Singular that means, “a decision, judgment, judging, condemnation, punishment; or justice.”
BDAG defines it as, “the legal process of judgment or judging.” Specifically, in this verse, “judgment that goes against a person, condemnation, and the sentence that follows.”
Liddell and Scott’s Greek-English Lexicon defines KRISIS as: “A decision, judgment,” Herodotus, Aeschylus; where in a legal sense, a trial, Aristophanes, Thucydides, etc.:—the result of a trial, condemnation, Xenophon.
So, we see that this is the act of judgment, “even concerning the act of judgment.”
HOTI is once again a Subordinating Conjunction which means, “that or because.” HOTI establishes a causal clause. In other words, the cause for which the Holy Spirit convicts of judgment is because Satan was judged once and for all time at the Cross of Jesus Christ, which is given in the following phrase.
HO ARCHON is the Article “the,” plus the Noun in the Subject Nominative, Masculine, Singular that means, “ruler, chief; official, or authority.” This is the one who has been judged.
TOU KOSMOU Is the Article HO – “the,” plus the Noun KOSMOS – κόσμος (kos’-mos), “world,” in the Genitive of Subordination, i.e.; it is subordinate to or under the dominion of the ARCHON. Here we are talking about planet earth. Satan has been the ruler of planet earth since the fall of Adam. Jesus Christ controls history, but Satan is the ruler of this world. So, we say, “of the world.”
TOUTOU is the Near Demonstrative Adjective, HOUTOS – οὗτος (hoo’-tos) meaning, “this,” in the Genitive, Masculine, Singular.
So, HO ARCHON TOU KOSMOU TOUTOU means, “The ruler of this world,” speaking of Satan / the Devil. Jesus has previously used this title for Satan in John 12:31 and 14:30.
KEKRITAI is the Verb KRINO – κρίνω (kree’-no) that means, “to judge or decide,” in the Perfect, Passive, Indicative, Third Person, Singular. The primary meaning is, “to set apart so as to distinguish, separate.”
BDAG defines it used in John 16:11 as, “to engage in a judicial process, judge, decide, hale before a court, condemn,” before the Divine tribunal occupied by God or Christ to administer judgment, or to judge.”
The Intensive Perfect Tense (with the Indicative Mood) places emphasis on the results of Satan’s judgment by God in eternity past. It focuses on the resultant state produced by that completed past action of judgment. Satan was judged in the past before man existed on the earth. Therefore, he was judged in eternity past and remains under that judgment today, “is judged.” He was sentenced, but the sentence was not executed and will not be until after the Millennium.
The Third Person, Singular refers to Satan who was, at the time of Christ teaching these principles, possessing the body of Judas Iscariot, and therefore was not in the room.
The Passive Voice: Satan has received the judgment, “has been judged,” and remains under that judgment today. Satan received this judgment in eternity past. It was confirmed by the Cross. Therefore, Satan is condemned.
The Indicative Mood is for the dogmatic fact that Satan was judged in eternity past and remains under that judgment forever. Satan was defeated at the Cross; his judgment is certain. Col 2:15; Heb 2:14.
Heb 2:14-15, “Therefore, since the children share in flesh and blood, He Himself likewise also partook of the same, that through death He might render powerless him who had the power of death, that is, the devil, 15and might free those who through fear of death were subject to slavery all their lives.”
Col 2:13-15, “When you were dead in your transgressions and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He made you alive together with Him, having forgiven us all our transgressions, 14having canceled out the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us, which was hostile to us; and He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross. 15When He had disarmed the rulers and authorities, He made a public display of them, having triumphed over them through Him.”
Therefore, we will say, “Is judged, (has been in eternity past and continues to be today).”
Unbelievers in time share Satan’s sentence, as do all fallen angels. The unbeliever is not and never will be grace oriented.
Our complete translation of John 16:11, “Even concerning (the act of) judgment, because the ruler of this world is (has been and continues to be) judged.”
Principles of Verse 11:
- Jesus had previously spoken of judging Satan and the world in John 12:31-32; see also Col 2:14-15.
John 12:31-32, “Now judgment is upon this world; now the ruler of this world will be cast out. 32And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to Myself.”
Col 2:13-15, “When you were dead in your transgressions and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He made you alive together with Him, having forgiven us all our transgressions, 14having canceled out the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us, which was hostile to us; and He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross. 15When He had disarmed the rulers and authorities, He made a public display of them, having triumphed over them through Him.”
- This relates the unbeliever to the angelic conflict. Satan stands condemned. The sinful world is in his grip, but he will be cast out, John 12:31. This approach is not saying that the unbeliever is judged directly, (the unbeliever here shares the judgment of Satan).
1 John 3:8, “The one who practices sin is of the devil; for the devil has sinned from the beginning. The Son of God appeared for this purpose, to destroy the works of the devil.”
- The Perfect, Passive Indicative of KRINO tells us that the judgment of Satan was completed in the past, where there is a continuance of that action today and into eternity future. This is the judgment of Satan and the Fallen Angels in eternity past that is currently under appeal.
- In eternity past, Satan was sentenced to the Eternal Lake of Fire, Mat 25:41; John 12:31; Rev 20:10. Currently, that sentence is under appeal, signified by His current freedom, Job 1:6-9; 2:17; Mat 4:3-11.
- In addition, the Cross of Jesus Christ is in view; that is the place where the penalty for Satan’s crimes (sin) was paid for, just as man’s penalty was paid for at the Cross, Col 1:20. Even though the victory was won 2000 years ago, in God’s omniscience and omnipresence, it occurred in eternity past when Satan was judged and sentenced.
Col 1:20, “And through Him (Jesus Christ) to reconcile all things to Himself, having made peace through the blood of His cross; through Him, I say, whether things on earth or things in heaven, (i.e., angels).”
- The Spirit shows man that Satan is defeated because of the Cross of Calvary. The world is convicted as to their sure judgment because their ruler, Satan, stands judged.
- Therefore, man is asked the question, do you stand with Satan under his condemnation or do you stand with Jesus Christ in eternal salvation? The Spirit will show to mankind that Christ judged Satan, and any member that stands with Satan in rejection of the Savior will receive the judgment already handed down to Satan. So, man can either stand with Christ in eternal salvation or stand with Satan in eternal condemnation.
- The sentence was complete at the Cross of Jesus Christ where He won the strategic victory of the Angelic Conflict; thereby, proving the guilt of Satan and regaining the rulership of this world, cf. Rev 11:15; 12:10.
“The death of Christ was a judgment or a condemnation of Satan. In this struggle, Jesus gained the victory and subdued the great enemy of man. This proves that God will execute judgment or justice on all his foes. If He vanquished His great enemy who had so long triumphed in this world, He will subdue all others in due time. All sinners in like manner may expect to be condemned. Of this great truth, Jesus says the Holy Spirit will convince men. God showed Himself to be just in subduing His great enemy. He showed that He was resolved to vanquish His foes, and that all His enemies in like manner must be subdued. This is deeply felt by the convicted sinner. He knows that he is guilty. He learns that God is just. He fears that he will condemn him, and trembles in the apprehension of approaching condemnation. From this state of alarm, there is no refuge but to flee to Him who subdued the great enemy of man, and who is able to deliver him from the vengeance due to his sins. Convinced, then, of the righteousness of Jesus Christ, and of His ability and willingness to save him, he flees to His cross, and seeks in Him a refuge from the coming storm of wrath.” (Barnes’ Notes on the New Testament, John 16:11).
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Our complete translation of the “convicting” ministry of God the Holy Spirit to the unbelieving world during the Church Age:
John 16:8-11, reads, “And He (God the Holy Spirit), at His coming, (the Church Age), will convict the world concerning sin and concerning righteousness and concerning judgment. 9On the one hand, concerning (the) sin (of unbelief), because they (the world), (habitually / customarily) do not believe in Me, 10on the other hand concerning righteousness, because I am going to the Father and you all will no longer see Me, 11even concerning (the act of) judgment, because the ruler of this world is, (has been and continues to be), judged.”
In these verses, we have a condensed and striking view of the work of the Holy Spirit. Operating according to what Christ has accomplished, the Spirit convicts men concerning their sin of unbelief in Christ, concerning the righteousness that is found in Christ alone, and concerning the judgment over Satan accomplished by Christ on the Cross.
These three things comprise the whole of His agency in the conversion of sinful men; and in the accomplishment of this work, He awakens, convinces, and renews in what is called Common and Efficacious Grace.
Because man is born spiritually dead, he cannot be effective at two points in his life as an unbeliever:
- At the point of gospel hearing, the unbeliever is spiritually dead. He is totally helpless and cannot have a relationship with God. He is dichotomous and cannot understand spiritual phenomena, 1 Cor 2:14. That is why the Common Grace ministry of God the Holy Spirit is necessary at the point of hearing the Gospel message.
- At the point of faith in Christ, he is spiritually dead and can do nothing to gain spiritual life, including believing on Jesus Christ. That is why the Efficacious Grace of God the Holy Spirit is necessary at the point of believing in the Gospel message.
1 Cor 2:14, “But a natural (soulish) man (unbeliever) does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him; and he cannot understand them, because it (the gospel) is spiritually appraised.”
The two enabling ministries of the Holy Spirit in evangelism are compared to breathing.
- The inhale: The unbeliever listens to the gospel, while the Holy Spirit makes it perspicuous under Common Grace.
- The exhale: The unbeliever believes in Christ, and the Holy Spirit under Efficacious Grace makes faith effective for salvation.
Common Grace is the Spirit’s universal ministry to all of mankind by making the Gospel of Jesus Christ real and understandable to them. As we have seen in our study, the three-fold ministry includes making understandable the conviction of sin, righteousness, and judgment.
In evangelism and personal witnessing, God the Holy Spirit is the sovereign executive. He will only use what is accurate and true in the field of Biblical soteriology.
Just as a living person cannot communicate with a dead person and vice versa, so a living evangelist cannot make perspicuous the gospel to the spiritually dead unbeliever unless that person is listening to him, and unless the Holy Spirit makes the content perspicuous.
In the function of Common Grace, God the Holy Spirit acts as a human spirit to enable the spiritually dead unbeliever to comprehend the gospel.
The unbeliever may hear the gospel, but he must be willing to listen to the gospel for Common Grace to function. The volition of the unbeliever provides the non‑meritorious willingness to listen, while God the Holy Spirit provides comprehension of the facts.
The first mention of common grace in the Bible is found in Gen 6:3.
Gen 6:3, “Then the Lord said, “My Spirit (Holy Spirit) shall not strive (convince) inside mankind forever. For in his going astray (total depravity), he is also flesh (spiritual death at birth). Nevertheless, his days shall be 120 years (before the flood would occur).”
The Spirit is not “striving,” (as per the KJV or NASB), but making lucid, clarifying gospel information. The Hebrew word DIYN – אָדוֹן (dēn) means, “to judge, contend, or plead.” Note the 120 years: As long as you are alive, the Spirit will “strive” with you. In other words, you have the chance to believe in Christ as long as you are alive. If you die without doing so, you will go to hell.
- “Striving” translated “convincing inside mankind” is the Spirit’s ministry of Common grace. So, we see from the beginning of mankind that God the Holy Spirit operated under His convicting ministry.
Eph 1:13 is the exegetical presentation of human volition in the Doctrine of Common Grace.
Eph 1:13, “In whom you also (when an unbeliever), when you heard (common grace) the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation, in whom also when you believed, you were sealed in Him by the Holy Spirit (Efficacious Grace).”
There are two acts of human volition in common grace: Hearing the gospel and concentrating on it. You have to want to hear the gospel and concentrate on its presentation. When you do, God the Holy Spirit will make that gospel information real in your soul, so that you now have information on which to make a decision. Therefore, God the Holy Spirit in Common Grace makes gospel information comprehensible to the spiritually dead unbeliever.
Efficacious Grace is the Holy Spirit’s ministry to those that believe on Jesus Christ. Efficacious grace is the ministry of God the Holy Spirit in making the faith of the spiritually dead person effective for eternal salvation.
The unbeliever makes a non‑meritorious decision to believe in Christ. But because this faith comes from one who is spiritually dead, God the Holy Spirit must make the faith effectual for salvation and spiritual life to be realized; this is the Doctrine of Efficacious Grace.
Without this ministry of the Holy Spirit, there is no validity in the faith of an unbeliever. There is nothing valid in what an unbeliever does or thinks as far as relationship with God is concerned. But the Holy Spirit makes this faith effectual in every case!
From the human viewpoint, we simply believe in Christ for salvation. From the Divine viewpoint, the very second we believe, God the Holy Spirit makes that faith effectual; He carries us into salvation.
John 3:18, “He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.”
Some will believe in Jesus Christ because of the sin issue; others because of the perfect righteousness issue. The rarest of all is the one who believes in Christ because of the judgment issue.
Efficacious grace is defined as an instant act of the power of the Holy Spirit; whereby, faith in Jesus Christ, originating from a spiritually dead person, is made effective for eternal salvation. When the spiritually dead person responds to the Divine call or the invitation to believe in Christ, the omnipotence of God the Holy Spirit causes the faith of the spiritually dead person to become effective.
The work of God in evangelism leaves no place for human works or ability. Therefore, faith and faith alone in Christ is made effective. No human works can be added to faith or included.
The unbeliever is spiritually dead from birth. Therefore, the faith of the spiritually dead person, though necessary as an expression of non-meritorious positive volition, is powerless in itself to affect anything. It is ineffective because we, the source of that faith, are spiritually dead.
Consequently, the omnipotence of God the Holy Spirit is effective as the means of producing the intended result: Eternal Salvation. So, although the message of the gospel is very simple to us, “believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and you will be saved,” little do we realize that behind the scenes God the Holy Spirit is working on our behalf, and that is grace.
- Human volition is the faith of the spiritually dead person which is a non-meritorious function. It is also ineffective because the one who is believing in Christ is spiritually dead. But in every case, without exception, the grace of God comes to the rescue.
- Divine sovereignty and the omnipotence of the Holy Spirit turns that helplessness, that faith, into effectual faith for eternal salvation.
- He thus imparts to man the blessings purchased by the death of Jesus, righteousness and eternal salvation.
These are part of the 40 things God gives to the believer at the moment of salvation.
Common and Efficacious Grace Summary:
Common Grace is the Spirit’s universal ministry to all of mankind by making the Gospel of Jesus Christ real and understandable to them where God the Holy Spirit is the sovereign executive. As a living person cannot communicate with a dead person, so a living evangelist cannot make the gospel understandable to the spiritually dead unbeliever. Therefore, God the Holy Spirit acts as a human spirit to enable the spiritually dead unbeliever to comprehend the gospel.
With understanding of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the spiritually dead person is now able to make a decision; do I believe it or not?
The faith of the spiritually dead person indicates positive volition, but the volition of the spiritually dead person has no power to produce the intended result. We were helpless in spiritual death, yet God found us in grace, saved us by grace, and provides for us by grace. Grace is the work of God, not the work of man. Grace is the policy of God after salvation for the execution of the protocol plan. Before salvation, grace is the work of God making the gospel perspicuous, making the issue clear and making our faith in Jesus Christ effective for salvation.
Efficacious Grace makes faith in Christ effective for salvation; no works are added.
- Works added to faith in Christ are dead works. Dead works are the function of human power, for dead works depend on human power.
- Efficacious grace is defined as an instant act of the power of the Holy Spirit; whereby, faith in Jesus Christ, originating from a spiritually dead person, is made effective for eternal salvation.
- Divine omnipotence and human power are mutually exclusive. Consequently, there is no efficacy in dead works added to faith in Christ for salvation.
Spiritual death causes the unbeliever to be helpless. For him to understand the gospel requires the ministry of God the Holy Spirit in common grace. For him to understand the gospel invitation requires the ministry of God the Father. For his faith to be made effective requires the ministry of God the Holy Spirit. So efficacious grace is an act of God the Holy Spirit proceeding from his omnipotence. Only God the Holy Spirit has the power to make faith effective for salvation, Eph 1:13-14.
Eph 1:13-14, “In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation—having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise, 14who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God’s own possession, to the praise of His glory.”
There are three steps in God’s ministry to the spiritually dead.
- After the ministry of God the Holy Spirit, in common grace, the spiritually dead person understands the gospel.
- After the ministry of God the Father, in the Divine invitation to believe in Christ, the spiritually dead person understands the issue of John 3:36.
John 3:36, “He who believes in the Son has eternal life; but he who does not obey the Son will not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.”
- At this point, the spiritually dead person faces the option. He can believe in Jesus Christ and God the Holy Spirit will make his faith effective for salvation. Or he can reject Jesus Christ as Savior, and there is no function of the Holy Spirit after that, except that whenever the gospel is again presented, He makes the issue clear.
The spiritually dead person remains in a state of spiritual death because he has rejected Christ as Savior. Heb 9:27, “It is appointed for (destined to) men to die once, but after that comes the judgment.” For the one who remains spiritually dead, there is a second death and judgment, because he has rejected Jesus Christ as Savior, Rev 20:14; 21:8.
John 3:18, “He who believes in him is not judged, but he who does not believe is judged already because he has not believed in the name of the uniquely-born Son of God.” (This is the first judgment; the second is the judgment of his works at the Great White Throne Judgment of Rev 20.)
After the ministry of God the Holy Spirit, in Efficacious Grace, the spiritually dead person’s non-meritorious faith is made effectual for salvation. Therefore, at the moment of salvation through faith in Christ, human volition and Divine sovereignty function together.
Sin, Righteousness, and Judgment address the past, present, and future.
- Sin entered the world, and into all mankind, at the Fall (past).
- Through self-determination, religious activity and human good (present), men attempt to lead righteous lives.
- Nevertheless, without faith in Christ only judgment (future) awaits.
In all that our Lord says here, there is an allusion to the office of an advocate in a cause, in a court of justice; who by producing witnesses and pleading upon the proof, convicts the opposite party of sin, demonstrates the righteousness of His client, and shows the necessity of passing judgment upon the accuser, Rev 12:10.
The believers’ Advocate, God the Holy Spirit, is a “prosecutor” of the unbelieving world; He convicts, as was sometimes noted in the Old Testament, Jer 50:34; 51:36; Lam 3:58-66; cf. Psa 43:1; 50:8.
Psa 43:1, “Vindicate me, O God, and plead my case against an ungodly nation; O deliver me from the deceitful and unjust man!”
The Holy Spirit proves that all the world is guilty before God. He convinces the world of its lack of perfect righteousness and that Jesus was Christ, the righteous One, and that Christ’s righteousness is imparted to the unbeliever (who believes) for justification and salvation (Efficacious Grace).
These three judgments (convictions) are applied to the individual unbeliever where the Spirit uses witnessing Christians and the Word to convince the unbeliever of his sin of unbelief, of his need for righteousness, and of the fact that since he belongs to Satan, Eph 2:1-3, he is on the losing side.
Eph 2:1-3, “And you were dead in your trespasses and sins, 2in which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience. 3Among them we too all formerly lived in the lusts of our flesh, indulging the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest.”
There is no salvation without Spirit-led conviction, for the Spirit uses the Word to convict lost souls.
On the day of Pentecost, when the Spirit was given, multitudes of Jews were convinced of their sin of unbelief, and converted to God, Acts 2:37-42.
Lewis Johnson, Jr. in his book “The Spirit and the World,” comments, “A final illustration of the work of conviction is provided by Peter’s sermon on Pentecost, for he speaks of sin (cf. Acts 2:14–23), of righteousness (2:24–32), and of judgment (2:33–36). Only two responses are possible to the Spirit’s conviction. Those who heard Stephen were cut to the heart and gnashed on him with their teeth in their resistance (cf. Acts 7:54, 51). They rejected common grace. Those who heard Peter were pricked in their heart, too, in their resistance, but three thousand of them received efficacious grace and believed, repenting and then being baptized in testimony to their faith (cf. 2:41–44). By divine grace they were enabled to sing,
My sin — oh, the bliss of this glorious thought! —
My sin, not in part, but the whole,
Is nailed to the Cross, and I bear it no more;
Praise the Lord, praise the Lord, O my soul.”
The Spirit’s prosecuting ministry proves of the necessity of being pardoned and made righteous through the blood of the Lamb, who, after being offered up for sin, went to the Father vindicated, forever to appear in His presence as our Intercessor, Rom 8:34; Heb 7:25; 9:24; 1 John 2:1-2.
Rom 8:34, “…. Christ Jesus is He who died, yes, rather who was raised, who is at the right hand of God, who also intercedes for us.”
1 John 2:1-2, “My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous; 2and He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world.”
The death and resurrection of Jesus were a condemnation of Satan, John 12:31; Col. 2:15. By Jesus’ death, He defeated the devil, who held “the power of death,” Heb. 2:14.
God’s righteous judgments are His saving justice; therefore, judgment and salvation coalesce. Yet, people in rebellion must take note of Satan’s defeat and fear the Lord who holds the power to judge, as the fact of coming judgment, both Satan’s and man’s is proclaimed in Rev 20:1-3, 10-15. Therefore, the Spirit convicts people and prepares them for salvation, cf. Acts 17:30-31, 34.
This tells us that there are three different states of man:
- Under sin, in which there is nothing but infidelity towards God, because there is no faith in Jesus Christ. The first is the general corruption of the human nature and the reign of sin until the coming of Christ.
- Under grace, in which sin is pardoned, and righteousness is acquired by faith in Christ; who is gone to the Father to carry on, by His intercession, the great work of redemption. Therefore, the second is the reparation of our nature by the Lord Jesus, and the reign of righteousness by His grace, Rom 5:20-21.
Rom 5:20-21, “The Law came in so that the transgression would increase; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more, 21so that, as sin reigned in death, even so grace would reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.”
- In the peace and glory of heaven, where Christ will reign with His members and the devil with his angels and servants being banished into the Eternal Lake of Fire by the last judgment. So, the third is the condemnation of sinners, and the total destruction of the kingdom of sin, and of all the power of the devil by the last judgment.
The role of the Spirit in the world is to “convince,” (expose, bring to light) mankind that Jesus is the only hope of salvation. He convicts men that they are sinners with no righteousness of their own, and that the wrath of God is their inevitable fate, (cf. Wescott, p.228, Complete Biblical Library Commentary).
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John 16:12, “I have many more things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now.”
The Greek reads, “Ἔτι πολλὰ ἔχω ὑμῖν λέγειν, ἀλλ’ οὐ δύνασθε βαστάζειν ἄρτι·”
Transliterated it is, “ETI POLLA ECHO HUMIN LEGEIN, ALL OU DUNASTHE BASTAZEIN ARTI.”
ETI is an Adverb that can mean, “still, yet, in addition, also, even; further, moreover.” Here linked with POLLA below adds emphasis so we will say, “more” in “many more.”
POLLA is the Pronominal Adjective POLUS – πολύς (pol-oos’) in the Accusative, Neuter, Plural that can mean, “much, many, or great.”
The Pronominal resembles a pronoun by specifying a person, place, or thing.
In the Accusative case, it stands for a thing which is Bible Doctrine that Jesus desires to teach to them. So, it refers to Doctrines pertaining to the Church Age, Doctrines pertaining to the intensification of the Angelic Conflict, the Edification Complex of the Soul (ECS), and many other things. We will say, “many things (Doctrines).”
ECHO is a Verb in the Present, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular that means, “to have, hold, or possess.”
The Instantaneous Present Tense indicates an action is complete at the moment of speaking. At that very time, Jesus wanted to teach them more things.
The Active Voice: Jesus presently has many more Doctrines He desires to teach them. So, we say, “I have.” He has a lot to teach them.
HUMIN is the Pronoun SU – σύ (soo) in the Dative of Advantage case, Second Person, Plural that means, “to you all.”
LEGEIN is the Verb LEGO – λέγω (leg’-o) in the Present, Active, Infinitive, meaning, “to say, speak, tell.” As an Infinitive, we can say, “to say or to speak or to tell.”
The Infinitive is a verbal substantive indicating the Doctrine He desires to convey to them. In the context here we will say, “to teach Bible Doctrine.”
LEGO comes from LOGOS – λόγος (log’-os). LOGOS means, “words or a word,” and words are formed in the mind and then spoken; He has a great number of words and concepts. Here indicates His purpose. It was the purpose of the Lord Jesus Christ, from the standpoint of His humanity, to do much more teaching than He did, but He was limited by His audience, the twelve.
The Active Voice: Jesus Christ Himself wanted to do the teaching.
So far, we have, “I have many more Doctrines to teach to you all.”
ALL is a Super-Ordinating Conjunction that means, “but, rather, on the contrary.” It indicates a contrast. He desires to teach them more Doctrine but they are unable to receive it due to not having the power of God the Holy Spirit, at this time, to learn and understand them.
OU is the Negative Particle OUK – οὐκ (ook) meaning, “not or do not.”
DUNASTHE is the Verb DUNAMAI – δύναμαι (doo’-nam-ahee) in the Present, Middle Deponent, Indicative, Second Person, Plural that means, “to be able, to have power.”
The Customary Present Tense with the negative means not to have the ability: “You are not able.” They keep on not being able, because, in their own human power, they cannot comprehend these things. But with the Spirit, they will be led into all the truth.
In the Middle Deponent Voice; the action is performed by the individual or in this case, with the negative OUK, it is not performed by the individual (disciple).
The Second Person Plural refers to the disciples, So, we will say, “you yourselves do not have the power,” indicating that they do not yet have the Holy Spirit who empowers and enables all Church Age believers to learn and apply God’s Word.
BASTAZEIN is the Verb BASTAZO – βαστάζω (bas-tad’-zo) in the Present, Active, Infinitive. BASTAZO means, “to take up, carry, endure, bear, tolerate, etc.” It means, “to carry a heavy weight.” From that it came to mean, “to sustain something mentally.” This word is used because they have been taught daily for three years, and they were not able to sustain it mentally.
The Present Tense means over the entire three years, they could not carry it.
The Active Voice: They themselves were exposed to it but did not carry it.
The Infinitive indicates a result. They were exposed to His teaching with the result that they learned very little or nothing at all. The presence of listeners does not guarantee their perception. Perception is based on a number of things: The filling of the Holy Spirit, positive volition toward Bible Doctrine, the ability to concentrate, (which includes more than just interest), which includes an entire concept of self-discipline in the soul, the ability to build Doctrine on Doctrine on Doctrine; which comes with the construction of the ECS. As an Infinitive we can say, “to bear them (Doctrines).”
ARTI is an Adverb that means, “now, at the present time, etc.”
Thayer defines its usage in Scripture as; 1) just now, this moment, or 2) now at this time, at this very time, this moment.
Therefore, it means, “in the present moment,” which means all is not lost. In other words, Jesus is describing something that is temporary.
Our complete translation of John 16:12 is, “I have many more Doctrines to teach to you all, but you yourselves do not have the power to bear them at this present time.”
The Complete Biblical Library gives other translations of this last phrase including, “but you are not strong enough for it now, (the Basic Bible); … but it would be too much for you now, Beck; … ye cannot comprehend now, Murdock.”
- Jesus left the full comprehension of His Doctrines to the teaching ministry of God the Holy Spirit, John 20:22; with Luke 24:13-49; Acts 1:3, 8. That is why in verse 13, He tells them that the Spirit would guide them “into all truth.” Their capacity to receive further revelations would increase when the Spirit of Truth had come.
- There were many things pertaining to the work of the Spirit and the establishment of the Church which Jesus could have taught them during the 3 ½ years. Jesus had given them the outline; He had presented to them the great Doctrines of the system, but He had not gone into details. These were the things which they could not then bear. In addition to not having the power of God the Holy Spirit, they were still full of Jewish prejudices and were not prepared for a full development of His plans. Nevertheless, the Spirit will relate Doctrine to the disciples as Jesus has, John 15:15, yet having a fuller revelation.
- The Psalms speak of God teaching and leading His people in truth, and in His way of faithfulness, Psa 25:5; 43:3; 5:8. Likewise, as verse 13 tells us, any Christian who surrenders to Christ can be taught and led by the Spirit.
- Psa 119:97-104 emphasizes how God can teach the humble Christian. It is not age, experience, or education that counts so much as being filled with the Spirit and having a willingness to learn and live the Word.
- In the post-salvation spiritual life of the believer, there must be a spiritual I.Q. which provides for each one of us equal opportunity and equal privilege to execute the Plan of God for the Church Age. This cannot be accomplished on the basis of equality from human I.Q. It can only be accomplished through an I.Q. provided by God in eternity past.
- At our physical birth, we are not born equal; but at our spiritual birth, we are born again equal.
- In our spiritual birth, God has provided for our spiritual I.Q. which leads to spiritual growth and the execution of His plan that does not depend on any form of human I.Q. Perception and metabolization of Bible Doctrine is not dependent on anything we bring from physical life.
- The unbeliever cannot understand spiritual phenomena with his six thinking skills: comprehension, memory, problem solving, decision making, creativity, awareness, 1 Cor 2:14.
1 Cor 2:14, “But the natural (soulish) man (unbeliever) does not accept the things (spiritual phenomena) from the Spirit of God; for to him, it is foolishness, furthermore he is not able to understand it, because it is spiritually appraised, (examined / comprehended in a manner caused by the filling of the Spirit).”
- From human life, there is great inequality in physical ability and human I.Q. When we are born again, the inequality related to spiritual life is wiped out and replaced by the formation of a spiritual I.Q. which is not handicapped even by the most difficult of Bible Doctrines.
- For the unbeliever, spiritual death plus whatever thinking skills are developed equal ignorance of Bible Doctrine and total inability to understand even the gospel. Therefore, the importance of God the Holy Spirit in the Ministry of Common and Efficacious Grace.
- God has provided for all believers a system of spiritual perception based on the fact we now have a human spirit and are indwelt by God the Holy Spirit. With the ministry of the filling of the Holy Spirit, the believer’s human spirit is able to metabolize Bible Doctrine.
Job 32:8, “But it is the spirit of man and the Spirit of the Almighty that gives perception.”
Rom 8:16, “The Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are the children of God.”
- The filling of the Spirit is the basis for the spiritual I.Q. and based on the principle of equality. Therefore, our Lord delineated the fact that the Holy Spirit would be our teacher during the Church Age, John 14:26; 16:12-14. Paul declared this in detail in 1 Cor 2:9-16.
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When we believe in the Lord Jesus Christ as our Savior we are born again, John 3:3-8, 12-21, as a result of the Efficacious Grace of God the Holy Spirit. In our spiritual birth, we receive the perfect righteousness of God and a regenerated Human Spirit, and we are then spiritually alive. This has been the case since the regeneration of Adam and Eve post fall.
As a result of the Human Spirit, man has the supernatural ability to learn and understand the spiritual phenomena that is the Word of God / Bible Doctrine.
In our text, Jesus is now telling the disciples about a new ability that will provide for them additional power and strength to learn and apply God’s Word. He is prophesizing the indwelling of God the Holy Spirit.
Prior to this, believers had spiritual I.Q. which was greater than their human I.Q. so that they could learn the things of God. Now, with the permanent indwelling of God the Holy Spirit, they would have even greater ability to learn and understand God’s Word, especially the mystery Doctrine for the Church Age with all of its 10 unique factors.
Therefore, God has provided for our spiritual I.Q., during the Church Age, by means of the indwelling of God the Holy Spirit which leads to spiritual growth and the execution of His Plan.
Our spiritual growth and fulfillment of the Plan of God for our lives has nothing to do with our human I.Q.; it is not dependent on any form of human I.Q. That is why the unbeliever cannot understand spiritual phenomena with his six thinking skills: comprehension, memory, problem solving, decision making, creativity, awareness. 1 Cor 2:9-16
Yet, the believer has the ability inside of them to learn the things of God. But the believer must be filled with the Holy Spirit, Eph 5:18 with 1 John 1:9, in order for the enabling power of the Holy Spirit to function. Therefore, the filling of the Spirit is the basis for your spiritual I.Q. to function.
You spiritual I.Q. is also the basis of the principle of equality amongst all believers. We have equal privilege and equal opportunity to learn and apply God’s Word because of the Indwelling of the Spirit and our resultant equal ability to excel in spiritual I.Q.
Human I.Q. is not a factor in learning Bible Doctrine as the means of fulfilling God’s will, plan, and purpose for your life. When you perceive and metabolize God’s Word in the six compartments of the stream of consciousness in the heart of your soul, it means the formation of two results.
- The semifinal result is the whole development of the Eleven Problem Solving Devices. This is God’s equal opportunity for all. No race, no sex, no culture has any advantage over any other category to learn Doctrine and fulfill God’s plan, Gal 3:23-29; Col 3:5-11.
This is all a part of being in God’s Plan. Therefore, we are held accountable by God for our very own spiritual life because we have been provided equal privilege and equal opportunity to execute His will, plan, and purpose for our lives.
- The final result is the execution of the Plan of God for our lives. Spiritual I.Q. provides the equality factor which makes possible any and every believer fulfilling the Plan of God.
This emphasizes the importance of constantly being filled with the Spirit. The filling of the Spirit, in the teaching ministry of God the Holy Spirit, converts the six thinking skills of human I.Q. into a spiritual I.Q. You use what you have by way of thinking skills, but it no longer depends on you, because in the grace of God, we all have the same equal opportunity. Some things are more difficult to others, but nothing is too great for the believer to understand.
The filling of the Holy Spirit combines with each of the thinking skills to form spiritual I.Q.
- The filling of the Spirit plus comprehension is maximum Doctrine circulating in the stream of consciousness.
- The filling of the Spirit plus memory results in the accurate recall of metabolized Doctrine as necessity dictates. You cannot use Doctrine you cannot recall.
- The filling of the Spirit plus Problem Solving Devices is designed to use the privacy of your own priesthood to resolve all the problems in your own life. God’s solutions are perfect; man’s solutions are not.
- The filling of the Spirit plus decision making fulfills the principle of the free will of man and sovereignty of God coexisting in human history to resolve the prehistoric Angelic Conflict. Decision making is a precise and correct procedure of analyzing all the circumstances of life in light of the Word of God and making decisions which are compatible with God’s plan, purpose, and will. Solutions are clarified and applied with accuracy when the Eleven Problem Solving Devices of the soul are stationed on the defense line of the soul. With the Problem-Solving Devices on the defense line of the soul, decision making is compatible with God’s will, plan, and purpose for your life.
- The filling of the Spirit plus creativity means recovery of truth based on Divine viewpoint of life and accurate interpretation of the Scripture. True Doctrine is separated from false Doctrine by independent thinking related to metabolized Doctrine in your stream of consciousness.
- The filling of the Spirit plus awareness stimulates curiosity, motivates a perpetual desire to understand the whole realm of Doctrine and to be filled, therefore with the fullness of God. Awareness causes the restructuring of your own scale of values to assign number One priority to Bible Doctrine. Awareness sees both the semifinal and final result of God’s will, plan, and purpose for your life, and it results in a personal sense of destiny.
Regeneration at our spiritual birth results in God giving us forty things at salvation. One of those things is the filling of the Spirit.
The filling of the Spirit is that Bible Doctrine; whereby, God the Holy Spirit controls the soul of the believer to provide the Divine power necessary for the function of spiritual I.Q.
The believer loses the filling of the Spirit when in a state of sin, but never the indwelling of the Spirit, which provides a temple in the human body for the indwelling of Jesus Christ as the Shekinah glory, 1 Cor 3:16.
The believer can regain the filling of the Spirit at any time by confessing their sins to God the Father as per 1 John 1:9 compared to Eph 5:18.
The filling of the Spirit is the mechanics necessary for understanding the spiritual phenomena of the Church Age, 1 Cor 2:9-16.
1 Cor 2:9 introduces the concept of the basis of reality in your life. There are three systems of perception in life in which we learn; rationalism, empiricism, and faith. “But just as it stands written, (Isa 64:4; 65:17), ‘What (spiritual phenomena) the eye has not seen (empiricism) and the ear has not heard (rationalism), furthermore it has not entered into the heart (stream of consciousness) of man, what Doctrines God has prepared for those who love Him.” This is a reference to the teaching ministry of the Holy Spirit, as per Rom 8:16-17; and our texts of John 14:26; 16:12-14.
Rom, 8:16-17, “The Spirit Himself testifies with our spirit that we are children of God, 17and if children, heirs also, heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer with Him so that we may also be glorified with Him.”
Spiritual phenomena cannot be understood apart from the teaching ministry of the Holy Spirit. This is the purpose of the filling of the Holy Spirit during the Church Age.
In spiritual death, the unbeliever lacks the necessary spiritual I.Q.
Eph 3:18 also tells us, “That you may utilize the power (filling of the Spirit) to grasp the idea with all the saints, what is the width (formation and function of the Problem-Solving Devices) and length (metabolized Doctrine circulating in the stream of consciousness) and height (the execution of the Plan of God) and depth (the portfolio of invisible assets).”
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John 16:13, “But when He, the Spirit of truth, comes, He will guide you into all the truth; for He will not speak on His own initiative, but whatever He hears, He will speak; and He will disclose to you what is to come.”
The Greek Reads, “ὅταν δὲ ἔλθῃ ἐκεῖνος, τὸ Πνεῦμα τῆς ἀληθείας, ὁδηγήσει ὑμᾶς ἐν τῇ ἀληθείᾳ πάσῃ· οὐ γὰρ λαλήσει ἀφ’ ἑαυτοῦ, ἀλλ’ ὅσα ἀκούσει λαλήσει, καὶ τὰ ἐρχόμενα ἀναγγελεῖ ὑμῖν.”
Transliterated it reads: “HOTAN DE ELTHE EKEINOS, TO PNEUMA TES ALETHEIAS, HODEGESEI HUMAS EN TE ALETHEIA PASE. OU GAR LALESEI APH HEAUTOU, ALL HOSA AKOUSEI LALESEI KAI TA ERXCHOMENA ANAGGELEI HUMIN.”
HOTAN – “When, whenever.” This is in contrast to ARTI of verse 12, and it means, “on the occasion of.”
“There is a time coming when you will not be stupid! He is telling them now that grace has found a way. ARTI = at the present time you are knuckleheads; HOTAN = in the future you are going to make it.” R.B. Thieme Jr.
DE – but a logical progression and yet a divider of thought.
ELTHE is the Verb ERCHOMAI – ἔρχομαι (er’-khom-ahee) in the Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, Third Person, Singular. It means, “to come, coming.” This is a reference to the First Advent of the Holy Spirit.
The Aorist Tense: The point of time when the Church Age begins, day of Pentecost.
The Active Voice: The Holy Spirit who is omnipresent comes in a special sense. He comes to indwell every believer during the Church Age.
The Subjunctive Mood: The First Advent of the Spirit is potential at the time that Christ speaks. It is still 50 days away.
The reason it is put in the Subjunctive Mood as potential is because Christ has not yet gone to the Cross. Once He has, then everything else will follow in its proper order. Whether Christ goes to the Cross or not depends upon His humanity’s volition.
In Gethsemane, He must face the issue of His own free will. His free will says two things: “Father, if it be Your will let this cup pass from Me.” That is negative. “Nevertheless, not My will but Yours be done.” That is positive. He will go on positive volition, and He will go to the Cross and bear the sins of the world.
When the First Advent of the Spirit occurs, one of the first responsibilities of the Holy Spirit is to start communicating and writing the Canon of Scripture. At the Cross, there is no New Testament. There is nothing in writing with regard to the Church Age. The Old Testament is minus Church Age truth.
Only Jesus Christ anticipates the Church Age and anything about the Church Age is only spoken, there is nothing in writing. When the day of Pentecost comes and the Holy Spirit comes, He must start the work; whereby, among those apostles there will be certain ones who become writers of the New Testament, just as prophets were writers of the Old Testament.
EKEINOS is the demonstrative, “that or that one,” used here as a pronoun, “His” in reference to the Holy Spirit, as noted in the following phrase. It is in the emphatic position. It means He and only He. God is impressed with the work of God, and God the Holy Spirit will make the difference.
So, we have “But on the occasion of His coming.”
This is a similar phrase to what we had in John 15:26
Then we have “TO PNEUMA TEX ALETHEIAS.”
TO PNEUMA is “the Spirit.”
TES ALETHEIAS is “the truth” in the Genitive Case. It means dogmatic, absolute information presented from the standpoint of analysis, of exegesis, and categories. It is the categorization of Bible Doctrine; truth found in the Word of God.
So, this is the third person of the Trinity, and He is called, “the Spirit of Truth.” This refers to the functional title of the Holy Spirit. The title of His person is Holy Spirit, but when you have function, then you have “Spirit of.” Here it is, “Spirit of Truth,” and the rest of this passage is going to show how the Holy Spirit is going to make the truth real; via perspicacity through the ministry of the Spirit.
The Holy Spirit operates as a teacher of truth. This is fourfold.
- First, the Holy Spirit communicates information to the writers of Scripture. They put it down in writing, and that is the Canon.
- Secondly, the Holy Spirit takes the “student,” the Pastor-Teacher, and the filling of the Holy Spirit which makes it possible for him to understand what is written.
- Then, once again, when the Pastor-Teacher communicates it to the congregation, there must be the filling of the Holy Spirit on the part of the Pastor-Teacher so that he communicates it in a lucid manner.
- Finally, there must be the filling of the Holy Spirit on the part of the congregation so that they might be the proper recipients.
“All of the way through there is something that removes “operation knucklehead”—the filling of the Spirit,” R.B. Thieme Jr.
So, we have, “the (Holy) Spirit of Truth.”
Next, we have, “HODEGESEI HUMAS EN TE ALETHEIA PASE.”
HODEGESEI is the Verb HODEGEO – ὁδηγέω (hod-ayg-eh’-o) in the Future, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular that means, “to lead, guide, or teach.” It is from HODEGOS – ὁδηγός (hod-ayg-os’), which is from HODOS – ὁδός (hod-os’) that means, “way,” and HEGEOMAI – ἡγέομαι (hayg-eh’-om-ahee) that means, “to lead.” This word originally meant, “guide,” but it eventually came to mean, “to instruct, to get someone who is off the road on the road.” The eleven disciples were off the road, and the Holy Spirit will bring them back on the road and take them down the middle of the road until the New Testament is completed. So, it means, “to instruct.”
The Future Tense is predictive of the Day of Pentecost and the Church Age, and anticipates the formation of the Canon of the New Testament.
The Active Voice: The Holy Spirit will be the director so that God’s plan will be revealed with accuracy.
The Third Person; we can add, “He” for God the Holy Spirit.
The Indicative Mood is the reality of the future Canon of Scripture, the New Testament.
EN is the Dative Preposition, “in.”
TE ALETHEIA is the Article, “the” plus the Noun in the Dative, Feminine, Singular for, “truth” once again, which stand for God’s Word or Bible Doctrine. So, we have, “in the truth,” in contrast to their present situation where they understand nothing. The Spirit of Doctrine (ALETHEIA) will guide them into Bible Doctrine (ALETHEIA).
PASE is the Adjective PAS – πᾶς (pas) in the Dative, Feminine, Singular that means, “all or every” or “all the truth.”
Christ is both the Way and the Truth (John 14:6) and the Holy Spirit is the Guide who shows the way to the Truth (John 16:14). This He does gradually. We are still learning the truth in Christ.
Psa 25:5, “Lead me in Your truth and teach me, for You are the God of my salvation; for You I wait all the day.”
So, we have “He will guide you all in all the Truth (Bible Doctrine)”
Then we have “OU GAR LALESEI APH HEAUTOU.”
OU GAR is the negative Particle plus the Conjunction – “not and for.”
LALESEI is the Verb LALEO – λαλέω (lal-eh’-o) in the Future, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular. LALEO means, “speak, talk, say; preach, proclaim; tell; be able to speak; address, converse (with).”
It continues the Future Tense speaking of the Church Age; there will be no New Testament Canon until the Holy Spirit arrives on the scene.
The 3rd Person, Active Voice regarding the Holy Spirit. “He will speak.” The Holy Spirit will communicate the message to human authors.
The Indicative Mood is the reality of the Holy Spirit’s communication and the formation of the Canon. Therefore, “to speak” here is “to communicate.”
AP is the Genitive Preposition APO – ἀπό (apo’) that means, “from; away from; by means of; of; because of.”
HEAUTOU is a Pronoun in the Genitive, Masculine, Third Person, Singular which is a possessive pronoun meaning, “His or His own.” It is literally, “from the ultimate source of Himself.” In other words, in the formation of the Canon of Scripture, the Holy Spirit communicates the Plan of God the Father and the mind of Christ. The first Person of the Trinity is the author of the Plan. The second Person of the Trinity has Doctrine in His mind. The third Person of the Trinity will come to reveal the plan of the Father and the thinking of the Son. He will not communicate from the ultimate source of Himself, He will communicate what the believer hears that comes from the ultimate source of the Father and the Son, both of whom send Him.
So, we have “For He will not communicate from the ultimate source of Himself.”
Finally, we have, “ALL HOSA AKOUSEI KAI TA ERXCHOMENA ANAGGELEI HUMIN.”
ALL is the Conjunction ALLA – ἀλλά (al-lah’) = “but.”
HOSA is the Relative Pronominal Adjective HOSOS – ὅσος (hos’-os) in the Accusative, Neuter, Plural. HOSOS means, “as much as, how much; as great as, how great; as far as, how far; whoever.” In the plural, “as many as, all, everyone, etc.” Here we will say, “whatever” regarding Bible Doctrine that is perceived in faith by the believer.
AKOUSEI is the Verb AKOUO – ἀκούω (ak-oo’-o) in the Future, Active, Indicative, Third Person Singular for, “He hears.” The Holy Spirit hears the Father’s Plan; the Holy Spirit hears the Son’s thinking. Therefore, “whatsoever he shall hear” is actually the total message of the New Testament Canon.
LALESEI same as above, “He will communicate.”
The Future Tense anticipates the formation of the Canon of the Scripture when the Holy Spirit arrives. The apostles at this point cannot remember what Christ has taught them, but in the future, it will be recorded in writing through the ministry of the Holy Spirit. They will be able to recall in the future.
So, we have, “but whatever He hears He will communicate.”
KAI – Conjunction, “and,”
TA ERXCHOMENA is the Article “the,” plus the Participle ERCHOMAI – ἔρχομαι (er’-khom-ahee), “to come,” in the Present, Passive Deponent, Accusative, Neuter, Plural.
ANAGGELEI is the Verb ANAGGELLO – ἀναγγέλλω (an-ang-el’-lo). In the Future, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular ANAGGELLO means, “to bring back word, report back, or announce.” It is a compound word from the preposition ANA – ἀνά (an-ah’), “up or upward,” and AGGELLO – ἀγγέλλω (ang-el’-lo) – “to announce or report,” from AGGELOS – ἄγγελος (ang’-el-os) – “messenger.” Jesus is saying they could not understand it at the time and the Holy Spirit is going to report back to them.
The Future Tense: In the formation of the Canon, He will report back to them.
The Active Voice: The Holy Spirit does the reporting back.
The Indicative Mood is the reality of this.
So, the Canon of Scripture is a permanent revelation of all three members of the Trinity. Now, the content of this Canon must be communicated.
HUMIN is from the Pronoun SU – σύ (soo), “you” in the Dative, Second Person, Plural, for, “to you all.”
So, we have “and will announce to you all what is to come.”
Our complete translation of John 16:13 is, “But on the occasion of His coming, the (Holy) Spirit of Truth, He will guide you all in all the Truth, (Bible Doctrine). For He will not communicate from the ultimate source of Himself, but whatever He hears He will communicate and will announce to you all what is to come.”
The coming of the Spirit would be of unspeakable advantage to the disciples. The Holy Spirit is our Guide, not only to show us the way, but to go with us by continued aids and influences. To be led into a truth is more than barely to know it; it is not only to have the notion of it in our heads, but to relish and savor it, and realize the power of it in our hearts.
He shall teach all truth, and keep back nothing profitable, for he will show things to come. All the gifts and graces of the Spirit, all the preaching, and all the writing of the apostles, under the influence of the Spirit, all the tongues, and miracles were to glorify Christ. This passage means that the Spirit will not teach whatever He pleases, but will get His leading from the Father and the Son. The Spirit teaches us truth from the Word, and in so doing, glorifies Christ.
Guy King suggests three ways in which the Spirit glorifies Christ: 1) He wrote a Book about Him; 2) He makes a believer like Him; 3) He finds a bride for Him.
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The Bible in its completed form will exist forever.
God the Holy Spirit provides the spiritual gift of Pastor-Teacher to certain male believers at the point of salvation. 1 Cor 12:11; Eph 4:11-12. This spiritual gift is designed to communicate the content of the Bible to believer priests during the Church Age. This gift will not exist after the Church Age.
This communication is accomplished in assembly, Heb 10:25. In the assembly, the believer priest has maximum privacy to learn Doctrine in fulfilment of such words as KERUSSO, which means, “public communication of Doctrine to a group.” As a result of learning Doctrine in the assembly, the believer becomes spiritually self-sustaining by the erection of an Edification Complex of the Soul (ECS).
The believer must be filled with the Spirit at the point of Bible teaching. The Pastor must also be filled with the Spirit at the point of Bible teaching. This means that the Holy Spirit is involved in all areas of transmission; from the inspiration of the Scriptures, to its interpretation by the Pastor-Teacher, to the communication of Bible teaching in the assembly, to the reception on the part of the congregation.
The highest virtue in the Christian life is knowledge of Doctrine, but knowledge of Doctrine cannot be attained apart from the filling of the Spirit. The results of learning Doctrine include spiritual growth, the ECS, and the production of Divine good in the devil’s world.
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The Greek reads: “ἐκεῖνος ἐμὲ δοξάσει, ὅτι ἐκ τοῦ ἐμοῦ λήμψεται καὶ ἀναγγελεῖ ὑμῖν.”
Transliterated it reads: “EKEINOS EME DOXASEI, HOTI EK TOU EMOU LEMPSETAI KAI ANAGGELEI HUMIN.
EKEINOS EME DOXASEI is literally, “He (the Holy Spirit), Me (Jesus Christ), will glorify” with the Demonstrative, Pronominal, Adjective of EKEINOS, “that or that one” in the Subject Nominative, Masculine, Singular. It is in the emphatic position and means, “He and only He,” referring to Third person of the Trinity, God the Holy Spirit.
EME is the Pronoun EGO – ἐγώ (eg-o’), “I or me” in the Accusative, First Person, Singular. Jesus is referring to Himself.
DOXASEI is the Verb DOXAZO – δοξάζω (dox-ad’-zo) with the “SEI” ending as we have seen in several verbs in these verses, indicating the Future, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular. DOXAZO means, “to render or esteem glorious.” It is from the root noun DOXA – δόξα (dox’-ah) that means, “praise, honor, glory.”
The Future Tense: Jesus anticipates the Church Age, with the First Advent of the Spirit, which begins His ministry of glorification of God the Son.
The Active Voice with the Indicative Mood: God the Holy Spirit will absolutely glorify the Son.
Then we have, “HOTI EK TOU EMOU LEMPSETAI.”
HOTI – Conjunction of cause, “because.”
EK – Adjective, “from or out from”
TOU EMOU, the article, “the” plus the Pronoun EMOS – ἐμός (em-os’), “Me” in the Possessive Genitive, Neuter, First Person Singular. Christ is referring to Himself, “of mine.” This refers to His thinking which He cannot communicate to them at this time, cf. verse 12. This refers to Doctrine as the mind of Christ, 1 Cor 2:16b, “But we have the mind of Christ.” The Holy Spirit takes Bible Doctrine and builds the ECS with it.
LEMPSETAI is the Verb LAMBANO – λαμβάνω (lam-ban’-o) in the Future, Middle Deponent, Indicative, Third Person, Singular. LAMBANO means, “to take or receive.”
The Future Tense is again referencing the action being completed during the Church Age.
The Middle Deponent in the 3rd Person Singular: The Holy Spirit performs the action Himself. “He Himself will take.” If this were in the Passive voice, He would “receive it,” but in the Middle Deponent, He “takes it Himself,” referring to the Sovereignty of the Holy Spirit.
The Indicative Mood is the reality of the Canon of Scriptures coming to fruition during the Church Age and the mechanics of it being backed by the ministry of the Spirit.
And finally, we have “KAI ANAGGELEI HUMIN.”
KAI is the Conjunction “and”
ANAGGELEI is the Verb ANAGGELLO – ἀναγγέλλω (an-ang-el’-lo) once again in the Future, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular, “will report back, will disclose, He will announce.”
The Future Tense: Church Age.
The Active Voice in the 3rd Person: The ministry of the Holy Spirit.
The Indicative Mood: The reality of every part of the Spirit’s ministry from inspiration to perspicacity of Bible Doctrine.
HUMIN is the Pronoun SU – σύ (soo) in the Dative, Second Person, Plural refers to the disciples and by extension, Church Age believers. So, we say, “to you all.”
Our complete translation of John 16:14 is, “He (God the Holy Spirit- and only He) will glorify Me (Jesus Christ), because He Himself will take from (what is) Mine (My thinking / Bible Doctrine) and will announce (it) to you all.”
Jesus is saying in essence, “He shall receive His commission and instructions as an ambassador from Me, to do My will and complete My work.”
- Verses 13-15 display an inspiring picture of the inner workings of the three members of the Godhead, detailing the Spirit’s function of conveying the Father and the Son to the believers, and of leading the believers in the knowledge of, and therefore fellowship with the Son and the Father, 1 John 1:3-9.
- Here the Spirit is seen in full submission to and in harmony with the Son and the Father. He does not act or speak from Himself; nothing originates from Him, for all comes from the Son and all is done to glorify the Son.
- Just as the Son did not do anything from Himself, but only that which He heard and received from the Father, compare John 5:19, 30; 8:28, 38; 14:10, 24, so the Spirit never acts independently from the Son.
- The Spirit appropriates the sum total of Christ’s person and reveals it, item by item, to believers. Yet in revealing Christ, and all that He is, the Spirit is actually revealing the Father, because all that Christ has is the Father’s. Thus, the Spirit reveals the Son, who, in turn, expresses the Father.
- The Spirit’s function throughout the Church Age has been to continue Jesus’ spoken ministry.
- The Lord through the Spirit still speaks to the Churches.
- In Rev. Chapters 2 & 3, the Lord Jesus addressed each of the seven local churches, and it is said that the churches should hear what the Spirit says to the churches, 2:1, 7, 8, 11, 12, 17, 18-29; 3:1, 6, 7, 13, 14, 22.
- The ministry of the Holy Spirit, in Common Grace, to the unbeliever continues after salvation as the teaching ministry of the Holy Spirit to the believer. It is the same (common) for all believers. We have the whole realm of the mystery Doctrine for the Church Age, and we are to master it and grow in grace by means of the Holy Spirit, (equal privilege and equal opportunity).
- Not only is the ministry of God the Holy Spirit to the Church Age believer, in the extension of Common Grace, to empower and enable him to learn and apply spiritual phenomenon by means of developing a Spiritual I.Q., but the Holy Spirit’s ministry is first and foremost designed to glorify the Person and work of our Lord Jesus Christ.
- The ministry of the Third Person of the Trinity is to glorify the Second Person of the Trinity during the Church Age and beyond.
- The Holy Spirit will glorify the Son by establishing, building, and glorifying the Church which is the Body of Christ.
- As a result of this promise of the Spirit’s guidance in interpreting Christ’s thinking for the believer’s edification, Jesus Christ is glorified.
- We only need to refer to Peter’s sermon at Pentecost, after the coming of the Holy Spirit, to Peter’s Epistles, to Paul’s Epistles, to Hebrews, to John’s Epistles, and Revelation to see how, under the tutelage of the Holy Spirit, the disciples grew into the fullness of the knowledge of God in the face of Christ.
- The Holy Spirit came on the first day of the Church Age (Pentecost), and He will leave on the last day of the Church Age (the Rapture, Feast of Trumpets). When He leaves, He leaves with the Church, 2 Thes 2:1-17, which is then presented to Christ as His bride, Rev 19:7-10. Therefore, the Spirit’s ministry is to build the Church by communicating the thinking of Jesus Christ, first to the unbeliever via the gospel, and then to believers via the totality of the Word of God.
- The glorification of Jesus Christ is not dependent on man. It is totally dependent on the ministry of God the Holy Spirit. 2 Cor 6:1-13 relates the ministry of the believer in the Church Age as empowered by the Holy Spirit which glorifies the Lord Jesus Christ.
- In John 16:14, “From what is mine” not only declares ownership by Jesus Christ but also indicates a portion.
- The Bible is not the totality of the thinking of Christ, but is the total Word of God that is intended for the Family of God.
- Jesus Christ as God is infinite in all aspects including His knowledge.
- Therefore, the Spirit has taken that portion of the thinking of Christ that is meant for the Family of God, (all believers throughout history), and has announced it through the written scriptures, 2 Tim 3:16-17.
2 Tim 3:16, “All Scripture is inspired by God (God breathed) and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness; 17so that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for every good work.”
- As noted above, there are three basic ways in which the Spirit glorifies Christ: 1) He wrote a Book about Him; 2) He makes a believer like Him; 3) He finds a bride for Him.
- Jesus Christ is the LOGOS; the Spirit of Truth brings glory to Jesus as He revealed Him first to the Apostles; the things pertaining to the person and work of the LOGOS, by “taking from what is Mine and making it known to you all.” The Spirit worked in the Apostles’ minds so that they could perceive, understand, and teach about the Savior.
“If we have been truly convicted of sin and renewed by the Holy Spirit, the tendency of all His influences has been to lead us to the Savior; to show us our need of Him; to reveal to us the loveliness of His character, and the fitness of His work to our needs; and to incline us to cast our eternal interests on His almighty arm, and commit all to His hands.” (Barnes notes on the New Testament, Albert Barnes.)
- Jesus Christ is glorified when we grow in His grace and knowledge, which means achieving spiritual adulthood in all its three categories (Spiritual Self Esteem, Spiritual Autonomy, and Spiritual Maturity) through the intake and application of God’s Word by means of the enabling power of God the Holy Spirit.
- This includes passing the correlating categories of undeserved suffering for blessing, (Providential Preventative Suffering, Momentum Testing, and Evidence Testing).
- As a result, we will be rewarded maximum blessings at the BEMA seat of Christ, 1 Cor 3:10-15; whereby, Jesus Christ is glorified by the rewards we receive.
- In fact, even the rewards that are not distributed at the BEMA remain as a memorial for all of eternity as the rewards that where available because of the work and mind of Jesus Christ that were not appropriated by believers in time.
“The Holy Spirit’s distinctive role is to fulfill what we may call a floodlight ministry in relation to the Lord Jesus Christ. So far as this role was concerned, the Spirit “was not yet” (John 7:29, literal Greek) while Jesus was on earth; only when the Father had glorified Him (John 17:1, 5) could the Spirit’s work of making men aware of Jesus’ glory begin.
I remember walking to church one winter evening to preach on the words, “He will glorify me” (John 16:14), seeing the building floodlit as I turned a corner, and realizing that this was exactly the illustration my message needed. When floodlighting is well done, the floodlights are placed so that you do not see them; in fact, you are not supposed to see where the light is coming from; what you are meant to see is just the building on which the floodlights are trained. The intended effect is to make it visible when otherwise it would not be seen for the darkness, and to maximize its dignity by throwing all its details into relief so that you can see it properly. This perfectly illustrated the Spirit’s new covenant role. He is, so to speak, the hidden floodlight shining on the Savior.
Or think of it this way. It is as if the Spirit stands behind us, throwing light over our shoulder on to Jesus who stands facing us. The Spirit’s message to us is never, “Look at me; listen to me; come to me; get to know me”, but always, “Look at Him, and see His glory; listen to Him and hear His word; go to Him and have life; get to know Him and taste His gift of joy and peace.” The Spirit, we might say, is the matchmaker, the celestial marriage broker, whose role it is to bring us and Christ together and ensure that we stay together.” (Your Father Loves You by James Packer, Harold Shaw Publishers, 1986)
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The Greek reads: “πάντα ὅσα ἔχει ὁ Πατὴρ ἐμά ἐστιν· διὰ τοῦτο εἶπον ὅτι ἐκ τοῦ ἐμοῦ λαμβάνει καὶ ἀναγγελεῖ ὑμῖν.”
Transliterated it reads: “PANTA HOSA ECHEI HO PATER EMA ESTIN; DIA TOUTO EIPON HOTI EK TOU EMOU LAMBANEI KAI ANAGGELEI HUMIN.”
The first section, “All things that the Father has are Mine;”
“PANTA HOSA ECHEI HO PATER EMA ESTIN;”
PANTA is the Pronominal Adjective PAS meaning, “all or every,” in the Nominative, Neuter, Plural. This once again shows the unity of the Trinity. One God in three persons have all and share all things equally, infinitely, and eternally. We will say, “Everything.”
HOSA is the Relative Pronominal Adjective, in the Direct Object Accusative, Neuter, Plural. It can mean, “as great, as far, as long, as much as; how great, how far, how long, how much, whatever, whatsoever, etc.”
Therefore, “everything whatsoever,” is everything, but specifically includes here God the Father’s Plan in eternity past to glorify the humanity of Christ, which is the intensification of the Angelic Conflict in the change of dispensation to the Church Age. This Plan to glorify Christ requires that the Mystery Doctrine for the Church Age be communicated to Church Age believers so that they can walk in that plan by the enabling power of the Holy Spirit which glorifies the Lord Jesus Christ.
ECHEI is the Verb ECHO – ἔχω (ekh’-o) that means, “to have and to hold,” here meaning, “possession or ownership.” It is in the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular.
The Present Tense is referencing what the Father “has” as the creator and owner of all things.
The Active Voice: God the Father owns all this just as the Son and Spirit do as well.
The Third Person, Singular is a reference to God the Father as noted in the next word PATER.
HO PATER is the Article, “the” plus the Noun in the Subject Nominative, Masculine, Singular, that means, “Father” referring to God the Father.
EMA is the Adjective EMOS – ἐμός (em-os’) from the oblique cases of EGO – ἐγώ (eg-o’), “I or me,” that means, “My or Mine” in the Nominative, Neuter, First Person, Plural. Here it is used like a Genitive indicating first person possession. Jesus is speaking of Himself as also owning all that the Father owns.
ESTIN is the Verb EIMI – εἰμί (i-mee’), “to be, exist, is, etc.” in the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular.
So far, we have “Everything whatsoever the Father has is mine.”
Next, we have, “therefore I said that He takes of Mine and will disclose it to you.”
“DIA TOUTO EIPON HOTI EK TOU EMOU LAMBANEI KAI ANAGGELEI HUMIN.”
DIA is a Preposition in the Accusative Case that means, “because of, on account of, for the sake of or through.”
TOUTO is the Pronominal Demonstrative Adjective HOUTOS – οὗτος (hoo’-tos) in the Accusative, Neuter, Singular that means, “this, this one, or he, she, it.”
When we have DIA TOUTO it is translated, “therefore,” which introduces the conclusion of the statement.
EIPON is the Verb LEGO – λέγω (leg’-o) “to say,” in the Aorist, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular.
The Aorist Tense is for simple past action.
The Active Voice in the First-Person Singular: Jesus produces the action, “I said.”
HOTI is a Coordinating Conjunction, “that.”
EK is the Genitive Preposition that means, “from, out from.”
TOU EMOU is the Article, “the” plus the Pronominal Adjective EMOS – ἐμός (em-os’) in the Genitive, Neuter, First Person, Singular that means, “my or mine.”
LAMBANEI is the Verb LAMBANO – λαμβάνω (lam-ban’-o) in the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular, which means, “take or receive.”
The Third Person, Singular, Active tells us that God the Holy Spirit is the One taking from Jesus that which is the Father’s, “He takes.”
KAI is the Coordinating Conjunction, “and, even, or also.”
ANAGGELEI is the Verb ANAGGELLO – ἀναγγέλλω (an-ang-el’-lo) once again, in the Future, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular, “will report back, will disclose, He will announce.”
The Future Tense: The Holy Spirit will announce to the Church Age believers the Father’s Plan found in the Word of God, the mind of Christ.
The Active Voice in the 3rd Person: This continues to be the ministry of the Holy Spirit.
The Indicative Mood: The reality of the Spirit is to disclose the Father’s Plan to believers of the Church Age.
HUMIN is the Pronoun SU – σύ (soo) in the Dative Case, Second Person, Plural that means, “to you all.”
Our complete translation of John 16:15 is, “Everything whatsoever the Father has is Mine, therefore I said He takes from mine (Bible Doctrine pertaining to the Father’s Plan to glorify Christ), and will announce it to you all.”
The authority Jesus possesses is shown to be that of one and the same as the Father.
Mat 28:18, “And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.”
Likewise, all that the Father has is also the Sons.
Mat 11:27, “All things have been handed over to Me by My Father; and no one knows the Son except the Father; nor does anyone know the Father except the Son, and anyone to whom the Son wills to reveal Him.”
Therefore, the Spirit’s ministry is to take from both the Father and the Son and teach it to the Church Age believer.
John 17:10, “And all things that are Mine are Yours, and Yours are Mine; and I have been glorified in them.”
Jesus Christ is glorified through the fulfillment of the Father’s Plan of Salvation and Experiential Sanctification for the believer of the Church Age.
No one could make these statements who was not equal or One with the Father. Therefore, we see that the union between Jesus and the Father was so intimate, though mysterious, that it might with propriety be said that whatever was done in relation to the Son, was also done in regard to the Father.
And likewise, whatever the Father does, the Son does, and whatever the Son does, the Father does, John 5:19-24.
It is the job or Ministry of God the Holy Spirit to reveal and teach these things to man, especially to the believer.
Just as the Son, His ministry on earth brought glory to His Father, John 7:18; 17:4, so the PARAKLETOS, by His ministry, brings glory to Jesus which is His central aim. He does so by unfolding the person and work of our Lord Jesus Christ.
The Father’s objective is also to glorify the Son, John 5:23, just as the Son’s objective to glorify the Father, John 14:13; 17:1, 5.
As Jesus said in John 14:9, “Have I been so long with you, and yet you have not come to know Me, Philip? He who has seen Me has seen the Father; how can you say, ‘Show us the Father’?”
Jesus explains how and why the Holy Spirit can and will reveal to the disciples what they need to know further concerning Him.
Amos 3:7, “Surely the Lord GOD does nothing unless He reveals His secret counsel to His servants the prophets.”
As Christ is represented as the Ambassador of the Father, so the Holy Spirit is represented as the Ambassador of the Son. He has become vested with His authority and as the interpreter and executor of the Father’s will. This displays a sublime picture of the inner workings of the three members of the Godhead, and special detail is given to describe the Spirit’s function of conveying the Father and the Son to the believers, and of leading the believers into the Son and the Father.
Remember, the disciples had failed thus far to understand Christ’s words about His death, resurrection, and departure. Therefore, the Holy Spirit as Guide and Teacher will teach them what they can only receive and understand after the resurrection and ascension of Jesus. He does the same for you and me today.
The reason Jesus has sent His Spirit is to fulfill that last phrase of Heb 13:5, “I will never desert you, nor will I ever forsake you”, which is a quote from Deut 31:6.
With such a great promise and empowerment given to us to faith rest in that promise, we have to ask ourselves, “What do you think about that statement?”
Do you turn to what God says or to your own fears?
Do you simply repeat what God says, or do you learn to truly hear Him and then to respond after you have heard what He says?
Heb 13:5b-6, “…For He Himself has said, ‘I will never desert (leave) you nor forsake you.’ 6So we may boldly say: ‘The Lord is my helper; I will not fear. What can man do to me?’”
The first part, “I will never leave you …” God will never leave you for any reason; not your sin, selfishness, stubbornness, nor waywardness. Not for any reason! Therefore, we have a promise, and we have to ask ourselves the question, “Have you really let God say to you that He will never leave you?”
If you have not truly heard this assurance of God, then listen again.
“I will never … I will never forsake you.”
Sometimes it is not the difficulty of life but the drudgery of it that makes us think God will forsake us. When there is no major difficulty to overcome, no vision from God, nothing wonderful or beautiful – just the everyday activities of life – do you hear God’s assurance even in these?
We have the idea that God is going to do some exceptional thing; that He is preparing and equipping us for some extraordinary work in the future. But as we grow in His grace, we find that God is glorifying Himself here and now, at this very moment.
Therefore, if we have God’s assurance behind us, His most amazing strength becomes ours, and we learn to sing, glorifying Him even in the ordinary days and ways of life. This is the main reason why both; the Father sent the Son, and the Father and Son sent us the Holy Spirit, so that we could have His strength each and every day.
Therefore, the Spirit is sent to empower and enable us to learn and understand and apply God’s Word on a consistent basis, so that we have the strength of God, and Jesus Christ is glorified through us by the Father and the Spirit.
With the filling of God the Holy Spirit, we have the ability through our spiritual I.Q. to learn the Plan of God the Father and continued thoughts of our Lord Jesus Christ. With that we learn all the different ways God does not leave us nor forsake us.
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Complete Translation of John 16:7-15
John 16:7, “But I tell (teach) you all the truth (Bible Doctrine), it is and keeps on being advantageous to you all that I depart (return to the Father). For if I do not depart then the Helper will absolutely not come to you all; but if I go, then I will send Him to you all.”
John 16:8, “And He (God the Holy Spirit), at His coming, (the Church Age), will convict the world concerning sin and concerning righteousness and concerning judgment.”
John 16:9, “On the one hand, concerning sin (the sin of unbelief), because they (the world), (habitually and customarily) do not believe in Me.”
John 16:10, “On the other hand concerning righteousness, because I am going to the Father and you all will no longer see Me.”
John 16:11, “Even concerning the act of judgment, because the ruler of this world is, (has been and continues to be), judged.”
John 16:12, “I have many more Doctrines to teach to you all, but you yourselves do not have the power to bear them at this present time.”
John 16:13, “But on the occasion of His coming, the (Holy) Spirit of Truth, He will guide you all in all the Truth, (Bible Doctrine). For He will not communicate from the ultimate source of Himself, but whatever He hears He will communicate and will announce to you all what is to come.”
John 16:14, “He (God the Holy Spirit) (and only He) will glorify Me (Jesus Christ), because He Himself will take from (what is) Mine (My thinking / Bible Doctrine) and will announce (it) to you all.”
John 16:15, “Everything whatsoever the Father has is Mine, therefore I said He takes from mine (Bible Doctrine pertaining to the Father’s Plan to glorify Christ), and will announce it to you all.”