The Gospel of John ~ Chapter16, Part 1
Introduction & Verses 1 – 5
The Upper Room Discourse / Gethsemane Discourse
Chapter 16 Outline:
- 1-6, The Importance of Preparedness. Persecution Foretold.
- 7-15, Further Instructions Regarding the Holy Spirit. The Promise of the Holy Spirit, and His Office.
- 16-18, Christ’s Death, Resurrection and Ascension Reemphasized.
- 19-22, The Happiness of God as a Result of Jesus’ Resurrection.
- 23-28, Summary on the Power Available to us through Prayer. Encouragement to Prayer.
- 29-33, Final Words of Encouragement. Christ’s Discoveries of Himself.
In this chapter Christ continues to warn His disciples of impending persecutions, and foretells of the persecutions they will receive from the Jews in vs 1-4.
He then foretells of His own death, and promises to send them the Comforter, vs. 5-7.
Then He points out the Spirit’s operations among the Jews, and in the world, vs 8-11.
Next He speaks of the Spirit’s peculiar influences on the souls of the disciples, vs 12-15.
Jesus then speaks figuratively of His death and resurrection, at which His disciples are puzzled, vs 16-18.
He explains and illustrates all of this by a similitude, vs 19-22.
He then shows Himself to be the Mediator between God and man, and that all prayers must be given in His name, vs 23-28.
Then because the disciples clearly comprehend His meaning, they express their strong faith in Him, vs 29-30.
And finally, He again foretells of their persecution, and promises them His peace and support, vs 31-33.
As we study this chapter, we will see a gradual change from the “admonition” of Chapter 15 to “prediction” as the dominate theme. With this we will see the Future Tense used extensively; indicating what is going to happen to the disciples of Christ.
In Chapter 14 “comfort” was the predominant theme.
As noted above, the first part of Chapter 16 is really a continuation of Chapter 15 and its warnings of cosmic persecution.
We also note that this is a continuation of the Gethsemane discourse. It continues the study of the Angelic Conflict from the standpoint of the ministry of the Holy Spirit in vs 1-15, and the ministry of God the Son in vs 16-33.
The Lord Jesus Christ is anticipating the coming of the Church Age, the dispensation in which He is glorified at the right hand of the Father, absent from the earth. It is the dispensation in which the intensification of the Angelic Conflict begins.
The Intensification of the Angelic Conflict
The angelic conflict has existed prior to man’s creation and it shifts gears at various times. The resurrection and ascension of the Lord Jesus Christ caused a shift in gears in the Angelic Conflict.
- Man was created in order to resolve the Angelic Conflict.
- Man’s fall caused a change in the conflict, the promise of the Savior.
Until the ascension of Christ, the line of Christ and the person of Christ were the target in the Angelic Conflict. From the fall of man until the ascension of Jesus Christ, the Lord Jesus Himself was the primary target in the Angelic Conflict.
Once Christ was glorified at the right hand of the Father, the strategic victory of the Angelic Conflict was won and from that point forward the Angelic Conflict becomes intensified beginning with the Church Age.
Once Jesus Christ is seated at the right hand of the Father and the Cross is a historical reality it is no longer possible for Satan to personally attack the incarnate Christ. Consequently we now have believers on the earth as the target of Satan in the Angelic Conflict. Every believer is now a target, and because of this God has made special provisions for every believer in the Church Age (your very own Portfolio of Invisible Assets).
Knowing this, Jesus continues the discussion of the latter part of Chapter 15 with the first four verses of Chapter 16 (the persecution of the Church by Satan’s Cosmic System).
As noted above in Chapter 16, there is a different degree of emphasis. In Chapter 15 the disciples were told what they should do.
Now in Chapter 16 Jesus predicts what the Triune God is going to do for the disciples in view of this spirit of hatred and persecution.
As part of this, Chapter 16 tells us that:
- The Holy Spirit will convict the world, and lead the Church into all truth.
- Likewise, the Son will impart joy (+H) to the hearts of His disciples (via His resurrection and the sending of the Spirit).
- In addition, the Father will continue to love them.
All of this tells the disciple that victory in the Angelic Conflict is certain. These verses are preparing the disciples for opposition so that they are prepared when the trial comes. The world is no friend to the Christian. Christ warned His own of coming persecution, lest when it came, they should stumble and fall. If He had not made the disciples ready for the onslaught of the powers of darkness, His death might have completely crushed their confidence in Him.
So He tells them what He had often apprised them of; that they would be subject to great persecutions and trials. He was also Himself about to be removed by death, and they were to go into an unfriendly world. These persecutions, as all persecutions, were in themselves designed by Satan to shake their faith, and to expose them to the danger of apostasy. Compare Luke 24:21-25.
If they had not been apprised of this, if they had not known why Jesus was about to die, and if they had not been encouraged with the promised aid of the Holy Spirit, they would have sunk under these trials, and forsaken Him and His cause. So we too learn:
- That if believers were left to themselves, they would fall away and perish.
- That God affords means and helps beforehand to keep you in the path of duty.
- That the instructions of the Bible and the help of the Holy Spirit are all granted to keep you from apostasy.
- That Jesus beforehand secured their loyalty and made certain of their continuance in faith, seeing all their dangers and knowing all their enemies. And, in like manner, we should be persuaded that “He is able to guard what I have entrusted to Him until that day”, 2 Tim 1:12.
The Greek word for “stumbling” in John 16:1 is SKANDALIZOS from which we get our English word “scandal”. It means one who causes a scandal, that is the one who has stumbled (i.e., sinned). The word refers to being caught in a trap or a snare, or to stumble over a block in one’s path. The noun is used for the bait or trigger-stick of a trap.
Persecution is the trap that Jesus did not want His disciples to fall into and potentially fall away in the spiritual life.
Paul, in his unconverted state, is a good picture of the trap, the kind of person talked about in v. 2.
The reason Christ did not tell them this fact sooner was because He was with them to protect them. Now that He was going to leave them, He gave them this Word to encourage them.
We know that Christ had already spoken to them about persecution, Mat 5:10-12, but He did not explain the source in the detail He does here, (religious people), and the reason, (the world’s ignorance and hatred of both the Father and Son). By giving His disciples a heads up (advanced warning) of trouble, Our Lord intended for the terror to not be a surprise to them.
As Jesus in His sufferings, so His followers in theirs should look to the fulfilling of Scripture for peace, comfort, hope, and joy (+H). As a result we should not ask, “Where do the troubles come from?” or “Why?”, but instead say, “I know they work for good.” It is the common fault and stupidity of believers to look only on the dark side of the cloud, and to turn a deaf ear to the voice of joy and gladness in the midst of tribulation.
The example before us shows that the disciples’ hearts were filled with sorrow, because of their too great affection for this present life.
Nothing hinders our joy (+H) in God more than the love of the world, and the sorrow of the world which comes from it.
Christ’s words of John 14 & 15 had been truly reassuring, and His post-resurrection followers found themselves recalling these promises often (cf. Acts 1:4-8). Throughout the many centuries of Christian persecution, thousands of believers have lived and died with the promises of Jesus at their lips. And we too should find our encouragement in the Words of Jesus.
Luke 21:12, “But before all these things, they will lay their hands on you and will persecute you, delivering you to the synagogues and prisons, bringing you before kings and governors for My name’s sake.”
John 16:1-2. The disciples may have wondered why Jesus was telling them about the world’s hatred and persecution. Jesus, anticipating this question, indicated that expecting trouble beforehand would help them remain in the path of God’s will. (He gave a second reason in v. 4.) The disciples would face excommunication and even death. Remembering that Jesus was ostracized and martyred and that He had predicted the same for His apostles would help fortify them. The earliest Christians were Jews (Acts 2:11, 14, 22), but quite soon after the church began to grow and spread, it was quickly thrust outside the synagogue (ca. a.d. 90). Persecution unto death occurred in the case of Stephen (Acts 7:59), James (Acts 12:2), and others (Acts 9:1-4). Some people throughout church history have been motivated to persecute believers because of a misguided zeal for God. They think they are offering a service to God (cf. Rom. 10:2).
Principle: People are much more affected by a hardship or persecution when they are unaware of its coming. They are more apt to take offense at them and be impatient under them. This is prevented by previously being made aware.
Christ was careful to remove every occasion of stumbling from their path, as we should do the same for our brethren.
The Acts of the Foe
The Reasons for the Revelation (John 16:1). “These things have I spoken unto you, that ye should not be offended.”
That the disciples should not be caused to stumble by opposition, such as excommunication for their faith, is the first of the reasons for the prophetic fore view of their future.
The verb “to be offended” (σκανδαλισθῆτε – skandalisthēte) is formed from a word that referred to the bait-stick of a trap (σκάνδαλον – skandalon), and it often; therefore, connotes an element of surprise.
Jesus is preparing them for sudden rejection of their persons and message. “As Temple reminds us,” Morris says, “’It is hard to believe that a cause is truly God’s when it seems to meet with no success, and all power is on the other side.’ But Jesus prepares them so that they will not be taken by surprise and overcome in the collapse of a starry-eyed optimism.”12
Verse 1 – The purpose of the briefing. We have throughout the two discourses (Upper Room and Gethsemane) the phrase, “These things” – This is the Doctrinal content of the previous chapter and the Doctrine taught by Jesus Christ the night before He was betrayed, and the night before His crucifixion.
“These things” is a constant reference to what Jesus Christ has just taught. He has just taught the antagonism of cosmos diabolicus, the seven reasons why the world hates the believer. Regardless of what we may think and how we may be treated by segments of the world, the world has a permanent antagonism toward us because the ruler of the world, Satan, is antagonistic toward us.
“have I spoken” – Perfect, active, indicative of the verb “lalew”, which means to communicate Doctrine. The word legw which means to speak also means to organize information in your mind and then speak it. But lalew means to communicate Doctrine.
“These things I have communicated in the past with the result that they stand.”
“unto you” – Dative of advantage; “that” – is a purpose clause; “ye should not be offended.” The word “offended” is skandalizw. It is the basis for our English word scandal or the verb scandalise. However they are entirely different in the English.
The word skandalizw means to be shocked, to be offended, to fail because you are disillusioned with some thing or some person. So it has to do with shock and disillusionment, in other words, with the breakdown and failure in the soul. Compare with John 6:61; Mark 14:27
Jesus Christ taught Doctrine to protect the disciples. They were about to go under maximum pressure, the pressure of the crucifixion. The betrayal, seven trials and the crucifixion is going to shake them up. Jesus has given them these things so that they would not be skandalizw; they would not be shocked and disillusioned and disappointed.
Doctrine is designed to avoid frustration, shock, hurt, or disillusion in any pressure of life. The only protection that the believer has in this life against these things is Bible Doctrine in the soul. So the answer as presented in principle here is the concept of soul breathing—the inhale of Bible Doctrine under the filling of the Holy Spirit, “that you should not be shocked”
“Shocked” is in the Aorist Tense, Passive Voice and Subjunctive Mood.
Aorist Tense: point of time, pressure. The aorist takes up from the moment of betrayal to the crucifixion.
Passive Voice: Under pressure they are not to receive shock or disillusionment.
Subjunctive Mood: Such failure is potential and can be prevented by Doctrine.
When you take in Doctrine, you exhale Doctrine. The edification structure in the soul is built on residual Doctrine. The more Doctrine you take in, the greater the build-up of residual Doctrine.
Principle: The believer priest in the Church Age must be designed for the intensification of the angelic conflict. In this design he must be shock-proof.
1 Peter 4:12, “Beloved, do not be surprised at the fiery ordeal among you, which comes upon you for your testing, as though some strange thing were happening to you;”
We should not dream that the position of a disciple is one of happiness in the world.
The Recounting of the Acts (John 16:2).
It is possible for those who are real enemies to God’s service, to pretend zeal for it. This does not lessen the sin of the persecutors; villanies will never be changed by putting the name of God to them.
“They shall put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service.”
The rejection of their message will take the form of both mental and physical rebuffs. There will be religious excommunication, the loss of the fellowship of their nation’s faith or Judaism as it was practiced in the days of the apostles. Our Lord will experience that pre-eminently at His crucifixion.
Of course, in a religious state, such as Israel, that means more than in a secular state such as the United States. There it means the loss of family, friends and all social intercourse. That has persisted in the Jewish practice of having a “funeral” for one who embraces Christianity, something still done in religiously strict areas.
What is also striking about this is the fact that the ones who perpetrate the crime of murder for a religious cause will think that they are thereby doing God a service. The preaching of a sermon at the burning of Archbishop Thomas Cranmer illustrates the matter.
The historical illustrations of the fulfillment of Jesus’ words abound, from the earliest days of the church in the persecutions of men such as Athanasius and Chrysostom, through the Middle Ages and the treatment of Gottschalk and his followers, the Jansenists later, and then in the struggles of Luther and the Reformers with Rome. And the condition has continued to the present day, as missionary history clearly shows (cf. Prov. 29:27). The scorn and ridicule that present-day believers know in so many ways is simply a modern continuation of the quarrel that the world has with Christ.
I have a friend, brought up in a main-line denomination, whose sister is an unbelieving church member. The sister, by calling the believing sister by the mocking designation of “Jesus freak,” was able for a lengthy period of time to cause her sister to break into tears. It was my privilege to indicate to her that she was only experiencing what Jesus has said that we all would.
(See FF Bruces comment on Excommunication in regards to John 9:22 Pg 215)
The Reason for the Acts (John 16:3-4).
“And these things will they do unto you, because they have not known the Father, nor me. But these things have I told you, that when the time shall come, ye may remember that I told you of them. And these things I said not unto you at the beginning, because I was with you.”
The reason for the response of the world includes the world’s failure to know the Father or the Son. The word rendered by “have known” (ἔγνωσαν – egnōsan) is one that refers to experiential knowledge, suggesting the knowledge of personal faith. While the world may have a lot of knowledge about Christ, it does not have this personal experiential knowledge.
In John 15:21, “but all these things will they do unto you for my name’s sake, because they know not him that sent me,” the verb know (οἴδασιν – oidasin) refers to a more objective knowledge, probably that of the fact of His incarnation and mission.
Jesus concludes with an explanation for giving the warnings at this particular time. Had the trials come while He was with them, then He would have been able to give them help at the time. But now His leaving them brings about a definite change in the situation, and He does not want them to be surprised by the hatred of the world. Thus, the trials, when they come, will not be a detriment to faith, but an aid, since He has already anticipated them for them.
“There is a dramatic fitness in the use of ‘their hour’ (NIV, “the time“). Just as Jesus’ ‘hour’ would certainly come (John 2:4), so would his enemies’ ‘hour’ certainly come. But in how different a sense!”13
One might wonder at the fact that the world does not seem so angry with the church today, as one might expect from these words of our Lord. One reason the church is simply ignored by the world is that its message is not the message of our Lord, the message of sin, guilt and condemnation, the condemnation of hell-fire. The church is often ignored because its message is innocuous. In fact, there is nothing about the visible professing church that suggests that she ought to be crucified! The church’s message is the same social gospel of man-centered salvation that the world believes. That is a far cry from Paul’s message of Jesus Christ and Him crucified (cf. 1 Cor. 2:1–2). cf. Gal. 3:1.
If to escape the world’s hostility, we drop our flags of divine truth and redemption by blood and hide our badges of the necessity of personal trust in Christ’s saving work alone for our eternal safety and welfare, then we, the true church of Christ, become like a tiger without claws. With His message we shall have hostility, but we have the confidence that we shall meet it with the love of Christ and the support of the Holy Spirit, and the end of that conflict is life.
Verses 7-15, The Ministry of the Holy Spirit.
This is the Doctrine of the mystery of the Holy Spirit, the ministry of the Holy Spirit in the Church Age. It is called a mystery not because it should be obscure today but because nothing concerning the Church Age was revealed in Old Testament times. Now that the Church Age has begun, we have the Canon of Scripture unfolding Bible Doctrine with regard to the Church Age. So the Doctrine of the mystery deals with Doctrine pertaining to the Church Age—not hidden from us but hidden in the past, hidden from people who could not teach or proclaim this information. He reason for the Doctrine of the mystery is quite obvious: it was designed to keep Satan from being clued in on the Church Age until the intensification of that stage of the conflict would actually begin.
He now explained the work the Spirit will do in the world through the church. The very fact that the Spirit is in the world is an indictment against the world. Actually, Christ should be in the world, reigning as King; but the world crucified Christ. Keep in mind that the Spirit does not come to the people of the lost world (John 14:17) but to the people of God. His Spirit is here, reminding mankind of its awful sin.
There is a Three-fold Conviction of the World by the Spirit:
Of – Sin (v. 9). And this is the sin of unbelief. The Spirit does not convict the world of individual sins; the conscience must do this (Acts 24:24-25). The Spirit’s presence in the world is proof that the world does not believe on Christ; otherwise, Christ would be here in the world. The sin that condemns the soul is unbelief, the rejection of Christ (John 3:18-21).
Of – Righteousness (v. 10). Note that this is not the same as unrighteousness, that is, the sins of lost souls. Christ is speaking of the Spirit’s conviction of the world, not of individual unbelievers, although there is a personal application. The Spirit’s presence in the world is proof of the righteousness of Christ, who is now returned to the Father. While on earth, Christ was accused of being a lawbreaker and a sinner, as well as a counterfeit. But the fact that the Spirit is present on earth is proof that the Father raised the Son and received Him back to heaven.
Of – Judgment (v. 11). Do not confuse this with Acts 24:25, “judgment to come.” Christ is speaking here of the past judgment at the cross, not a future judgment. He had spoken of judging Satan and the world (John 12:31-32; Col. 2:15). The presence of the Spirit in the world is evidence that Satan has been judged and defeated; otherwise, Satan would be controlling this world.
You may apply these three judgments to the individual unbeliever. The Spirit uses witnessing Christians and the Word to convince the unbeliever of his sin of unbelief; of his need for righteousness; of the fact that, since he belongs to Satan (Eph. 2:1-3), he is on the losing side. There is no salvation without Spirit-led conviction, for the Spirit uses the Word to convict lost souls.
Vs. 1-6, The Importance of Preparedness. Persecution Foretold.
John 16:1, “These things I have spoken to you so that you may be kept from stumbling.”
The Greek reads, “ Ταῦτα λελάληκα ὑμῖν ἵνα μὴ σκανδαλισθῆτε.”
Transliterated it reads, “TAUTA LELALEKA HUMIN HINA ME SKANDALISTHETE.”
TAUTA is the Demonstrative Pronominal Adjective HOUTOS in the Accusative, Neuter, Plural. HOUTOS means, “this, this one; he, she, it.” With the Plural we say, “these things”, the things spoken in the previous two chapters, promising them Divine aid in the face of persecutions as they execute the unique spiritual life of the Church Age.
We have throughout the two discourses (Upper Room and Gethsemane) the phrase, “These things”, this is the Doctrinal content of the previous chapters and the Doctrine taught by Jesus Christ the night before He was betrayed, the night before His crucifixion. “These things” is a constant reference to what Jesus Christ has just taught. He has just taught the antagonism of Cosmos Diabolicus: The seven reasons why the world hates the believer.
LELALEKA is the Verb LALEO in the Perfect, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular. LALEO means to “say, speak or talk.” It refers to the Bible Doctrine Jesus has taught them in the Upper Room and Gethsemane Discourses.
The word LEGO which means “to speak” also means to organize information in your mind and then speak it. But LALEO means to communicate Doctrine. “These things I have communicated in the past with the result that they stand.”
The Perfect Tense is for completed past action where the results continue into the future. He has taught them these Doctrines which will have an impact on their lives going forward.
The First Person Singular, Active Voice tells us that Jesus is the one who taught them these Doctrines. So we can add “I” in reference to Jesus as the speaker / teacher.
The Indicative Mood is for the reality of the situation. He has taught them these Doctrines. So we translate this as, “I have spoken (taught you).”
HUMIN is Second Person, Pronoun SU, “you”, in the Dative of Advantage, Plural that means, “to you all”, referring to the select few disciples who were still with Him. It is an advantage to these disciples, and us, that He has taught them these things. It is an advantage to every believer to learn the Word of God.
HINA is the Subordinating Conjunction meaning, “that, in order that, so that, etc.” This establishes a purpose clause, so we say, “In order that.”
ME is the Negative Particle that means, “not”. It is linked with the following word for stumbling.
SKANDALISTHETE is the Verb SKANDALIZO in the Aorist, Passive, Subjunctive, Second Person, Plural. SKANDALIZO means, “to put a snare (in the way), hence to cause to stumble or to give offense.” It can mean, “to cause someone to sin, or to cause someone to give up his faith.” It is the basis for our English word “scandal” or the verb “scandalise.” However, they are entirely different in the English.
BDAG defines it, “to cause to be brought to a downfall, cause to sin. The sin may consist in a breach of moral law, in unbelief, or in the acceptance of false teachings. In the Passive voice it means, ‘to be led into sin’. Specifically in John 16:1, it means, ‘to fall away’.”
It means here the same as to stumble or fall, that is, to apostatize. Compare with Mat 5:29-30 in regard to making a decision for salvation or being caught up in the world of sin and not believing.
Mat 5:29, “If your right eye makes you stumble, tear it out and throw it from you; for it is better for you to lose one of the parts of your body, than for your whole body to be thrown into hell. 30If your right hand makes you stumble, cut it off and throw it from you; for it is better for you to lose one of the parts of your body, than for your whole body to go into hell.”
A.T. Robertson states, “This is far better than the Authorized Version “Offend thee.”
Braid Scots has it rightly “ensnare ye.” It is not the notion of giving offence or provoking, but of setting a trap or snare for one. The substantive (skandalon, from skandaleôthron) means the stick in the trap that springs and closes the trap when the animal touches it. Pluck out the eye when it is a snare, cut off the hand, even the right hand. These vivid pictures are not to be taken literally, but powerfully plead for self-mastery.
Bengel says: Non oculum, sed scandalizentem oculum. It is not mutilating of the body that Christ enjoins, but control of the body against sin. The man who plays with fire will get burnt. Modern surgery finely illustrates the teaching of Jesus. The tonsils, the teeth, the appendix, to go no further, if left diseased, will destroy the whole body. Cut them out in time and the life will be saved.”
The Aorist Tense views the entirety of the action beginning with fear, anxiety and sorrow due to persecutions that leads to reversionism and apostasy. It includes the moment of betrayal to the crucifixion and beyond.
The Passive Voice means, “to give up one’s faith, be led into sin or fall into sin.” The sin they could fall into is fear and worry which leads to reversionism and apostasy. Therefore, the disciples would receive the action of reversionism as a result of their negative volition.
The Subjunctive Mood is for potential. It is a volitional choice. Jesus has given them Bible Doctrine for the purpose of edifying their souls so that they do not fall away into reversionism. Such failure is potential and can be prevented by Bible Doctrine. When you take in Doctrine, you exhale Doctrine. The Edification Complex of the soul is built on residual Doctrine. The more Doctrine you take in the greater the build-up of residual Doctrine.
The Second Person Plural continues to refer to the disciples, so we can add “you”, as in “you all do not fall into reversionism.”
The KJV translates SKANDALIZO “offended” which gives it an entirely different connotation. Offended means insulted or hurt in some way. Our Lord isn’t concerned with their feelings here. He is concerned with their souls. He is fortifying their souls with Bible Doctrine so that they would not turn as a result of persecutions and fall into sin and reversionism. Compare with John 6:61; Mark 14:27
John 6:61, “But Jesus, conscious that His disciples grumbled at this, said to them, “Does this cause you to stumble (SKANDALIZO)?”
Mark 14:27, “And Jesus said to them, “You will all fall away (SKANDALIZO), because it is written, ‘I will strike down the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered’.”
Jesus Christ taught Doctrine to protect the disciples. They were about to go under maximum pressure, the pressure of the crucifixion. The betrayal, seven trials and the crucifixion are going to shake them up. Jesus has given them these things so that they would not be SKANDLIZO, they would not be shocked and disillusioned and disappointed and as a result fall into reversionism. Doctrine is designed to avoid frustration or shock or hurt or disillusion in any pressure of life. The only protection that the believer has in this life against these things is Bible Doctrine in the soul. So the answer as presented in principle here is the concept of soul breathing: the inhale of Bible Doctrine under the filling of the Holy Spirit.
Our complete translation of John 16:1 is, “These things (pervious Doctrines), I have spoken to you all in order that you all do not fall away, (into reversionism).”
This is similar to the warning our Lord gave regarding the latter part of the Church Age and Tribulation in Luke 21:12, “But before all these things, they will lay their hands on you and will persecute you, delivering you to the synagogues and prisons, bringing you before kings and governors for My name’s sake.”
- This tells us what the purpose of this briefing was, the purpose of His teaching Bible Doctrine. This purpose was to first warn them of future persecutions and second to fortify their souls with Doctrine so that they would not fall away into reversionism.
- Regardless of what we may think and how we may be treated by segments of the world, the world has a permanent antagonism toward us because the ruler of the world, Satan, is antagonistic toward us.
- The believer priest in the Church Age must be prepared for the intensification of the Angelic Conflict. He must be shock-proof so that he does not fall away into reversionism as a result of the antagonism.
- The disciples may have wondered why Jesus was telling them about the world’s hatred and persecution. Jesus, anticipating this question, indicated that expecting trouble beforehand would help them remain in the path of God’s will. (He gave a second reason in v 4.)
- The disciples would face excommunication and even death. Remembering that Jesus was ostracized and martyred, and that He had predicted the same for His disciples would help fortify them.
- People are much more affected by a hardship or persecution when they are unaware of its coming. They are more apt to take offense at them and be impatient under them. This is prevented by previously being made aware.
- Christ was careful to remove every occasion of stumbling from their path, as He does for us too, and as we should do the same for our brethren.
- The verb SKANDALIZO is formed from a word that referred to the bait-stick of a trap (SKANDALON), and it often; therefore, connotes an element of surprise. Jesus is preparing them for sudden rejection of their persons and message so that they will not be taken by surprise and overcome in the collapse of a starry-eyed optimism as He is arrested, tried and crucified.
1 Peter 4:12-14, “Beloved, do not be surprised at the fiery ordeal among you, which comes upon you for your testing, as though some strange thing were happening to you; 13but to the degree that you share the sufferings of Christ, keep on rejoicing, so that also at the revelation of His glory you may rejoice with exultation. 14If you are reviled for the name of Christ, you are blessed, because the Spirit of glory and of God rests on you.”
We now turn to verse 2 of John 16 where the disciples are told of two forms of persecution and repeated emphasis on one reason for persecutions.
John 16:2 reads, “They will make you outcasts from the synagogue, but an hour is coming for everyone who kills you to think that he is offering service to God.”
The Greek reads, “ ἀποσυναγώγους ποιήσουσιν ὑμᾶς· ἀλλ’ ἔρχεται ὥρα ἵνα πᾶς ὁ ἀποκτείνας ὑμᾶς δόξῃ λατρείαν προσφέρειν τῷ Θεῷ. “
Transliterated it reads, “APOSUNAGOGOUS POIESOUSIN HUMAS ALL ERCHETAI HORA HINA PAS HO APOKTEINAS HUMAS DOXE LATREIAN PROSPHEREIN TO THEO.”
We Begin with the First Form of Persecution – Excommunication.
APOSUNAGOGOUS is the Predicate Accusative of the compound Adjective APOSUNAGOGOS in the Masculine, Plural that tells us the first form of persecution in this sentence. APOSUNAGOGOS is a compound word from the Preposition APO that means, “from, or away from”, used here for separation. With this is the noun SUNAGOGE that means, “a bringing together”, and by extension “an assembling”, hence “a synagogue” when transliterated or “a local assembly.” Therefore, APOSUNAGOGOS comes to mean “expelled from the congregation, outcasts from the synagogue, put out of the synagogue” that is, “excommunicated”, or “banished from the synagogue.”
This word is used in John 9:22; 12:42.
John 9:22, “His parents said this because they were afraid of the Jews; for the Jews had already agreed that if anyone confessed Him to be Christ, he was to be put out of the synagogue.”
John 12:42, “Nevertheless many even of the rulers believed in Him, but because of the Pharisees they were not confessing Him, for fear that they would be put out of the synagogue; 43for they loved the approval of men rather than the approval of God.”
POIESOUSIN is the Verb POIEO, “to make, do, cause, effect, bring about, accomplish, perform, provide, etc.”, in the Future, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Plural.
The Future Tense is prophetic of another form of persecution that the disciples of Christ “will” receive.
The Third Person, Plural with the Active Voice tells us that “they”, those who have authority over the synagogue or local assembly are the ones expelling the true believers. So we have “they will make.”
HUMAS Second Person Pronoun SU, “you”, in the Direct Object Accusative, Plural. The disciples of Jesus are the ones who will be cast out of the local assemblies. It was the Jewish synagogues in the early church and it was the established political legalistic catholic churches of the Dark Ages and beyond.
So we have, “They will make you outcasts from the local assemblies.”
- The rejection of their message will take the form of both mental and physical rebuke.
- There will be religious excommunication, the loss of the fellowship of their nation’s faith, or Judaism as it was practiced in the days of the Apostles.
- Our Lord will experience that pre-eminently at His crucifixion.
- In a religious state, such as Israel, it means more than in a secular state such as the United States. There it means the loss of family, friends, and all social intercourse.
- That has persisted in the Jewish practice of having a “funeral” for one who embraces Christianity, something still done in religiously strict areas.
Then we have the added emphasis for the time frame of the prophetic statement, “but an hour is coming.”
ALL is the Coordinating Conjunction ALLA that means, “but, rather, or on the contrary.”
ERCHETAI is the Verb ERCHOMAI that means, “to come, or go”, in the Present, Middle or Passive Deponent, Indicative, Third Person, Singular.
The Completely Futuristic Present Tense links with POIEO above to describe the future event of being made outcasts with the connotation of immediacy and certainty, therefore anticipation.
The Middle Deponent refers to the time frame given in our next word HORA (an hour). It’s as if saying, “Time marches on”.
The Indicative Mood is for the reality that this type of persecution will inevitably occur at a future time. So we can say, “is coming.”
HORA is a Noun in the Subject Nominative, Feminine, Singular that means “a time or period, an hour.”
So we have “but an hour is coming.”
Next We Have the Second Form of Persecution, “for everyone who kills you.”
HINA is translated as, “for” in the NASB but typically means “that, in order that, etc.” Linked with the Subjunctive Verb DOKEO below it tells us the purpose or rationale of those who persecute the disciples of Christ, as John 12:23 tell us of God’s purpose.
John 12:23, “The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified.”
PAS is the Nominative Masculine Singular Adjective that means, “all, every, everyone, or everything.” Here referring to all those who persecute disciples of Christ as one group because they are all part of Satan’s Cosmic System. In the Singular we will say, “Anyone.”
HO is the article for “the” in the Nominative, Masculine, Singular that is linked closely with the following Participle Verb and is used like a pronoun so we can say, “who” identifying those who kill true disciples of Christ,
APOKTEINAS is the Participle Verb APOKTEINO in the Aorist, Active, Nominative, Masculine, Singular. It is a compound word from the Preposition APO that means, “from or away from”, (it’s the ultimate source), plus the verb KTEINO that means, “to kill.” It was used of judges, “to condemn to death” or metaphorically, “to weary to death,” It has come to mean, “kill, put to death or murder.”
As a Participle it causes this verb to act like a noun in identifying those who persecute disciples of Christ by their actions, (i.e. murderers), while retaining the action itself, murder.
The Gnomic Aorist Tense views the entirety of the action of this type of persecution as a timeless general fact that this will happen.
The Active Voice identifies the self-righteous, legalistic, arrogant, religious types who condemn true believers in Christ to death.
HUMAS is the Second Person Pronoun SU, “you”, in the Accusative, Plural for, “you all.” Jesus tells His disciples that they are the objects of this form of persecution.
So we have “that anyone who puts you to death.”
And finally we have the Reason for These Persecutions which is repeated from John 15:21 with added emphasis.
DOXE is the Verb DOKEO in the Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, Third Person, Singular. DOKEO is from DOKOS (opinion) and comes to mean, “to have an opinion, to seem or deem.” In the transitive use it means, “think, suppose, consider, or imagine.”
DOKEO is subjective thinking (NOEO is objective thinking). All subjective thinking assumes, and so the word DOKEO comes to mean to presume or to conclude on a false basis, or to presume in the mind. All subjective thinking is wrong thinking. These religious types in killing Christians are assuming subjectively that they are doing a great service for God.
The Aorist Tense views the overall mental attitude of those who persecute Christians. It is something began in the past with result continuing in the present mentality of their soul.
The Active Voice, those murders and excommunicators have this wrong form of mentality.
The Subjunctive Mood is part of this purpose clause regarding the thinking that goes on in the mind of those who kill true believers of Christ. This is the purpose or rationale or thinking as to why they persecute.
The Third Person, Singular, continues to identify the persecutors as those from Satan’s Cosmic System in singular fashion “he”. Continuing the future Tense of this phrase we will say, “will think he.”
LATREIAN is the Noun LATREIA in the Accusative, Feminine, Singular that means, “service, that is, Divine worship or service.” It is also used in Rom 9:4; Heb 9:1, 6 in regard to Israelites service to God in the temple.
PROSPHEREIN is the Verb PROSPHERO in the Infinitive Present, Active. It is a compound word from PROS a primary Preposition that means “advantageous for, at (denotes local proximity – (face to face), or of direction; forward to, that is, toward), and the primary Verb PHERO that means, “to bear, carry or bring forth.” So PROSPHERO comes to mean, “to bring to, (i.e., to offer).”
The Infinitive of Indirect Discourse is used after verbs of perception or communication, (i.e., thinking), to express the content of the thought process of these persecutors. The direct discourse of the persecutors would be “I am offering service to God.” Here Jesus describes their thinking in this Indirect Discourse, “they will think that he is offering service to God.”
The Present Tense, at the time of persecution they will justify their actions in their own mind by thinking it is service to God.
The Active Voice, the self-righteous, legalistic, arrogant, religious type has this type of mentality in their soul; they think they are bringing God a sacrifice that He likes. This comes from subjective thinking.
TO THEO is the Article HO for “the”, plus the Noun THEOS in the Dative, Masculine, Singular. In the Dative of Recipient we say “to God.”
So we have “will think he is offering service to God.”
This tells us that they destroy from the ultimate source of their religious mental attitude.
Our complete translation of John 16:2 is, “They will make you outcasts from the local assemblies, but an hour is coming that anyone who puts you to death will think he is offering service to God.”
- The Satanic objective is to remove the body of Christ in total from his domain. The fact that there is one Christian alive on the earth today infuriates Satan and he does everything he can to neutralize Christianity, both as to the body on the earth and as to the effectiveness of operating in the spiritual life, phase two. Satan and his system cannot stand grace.
- To eliminate Christianity and its effectiveness Satan has designed a counterfeit called religion.
- Religion is the Devil’s weapon for neutralizing Bible Doctrine and religion will persecute the grace-oriented believer priest in the Church Age.
- The religious crowd is identified in 2 Tim 3:1-7. Vs. 7, “Always learning and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth.”
- The antagonism of religion is developed in 2 Tim 3:8-14. It is countered by the Edification Complex of the Soul, the ECS.
- Religion is the result of negative volition toward Bible Doctrine which in turn puts scar tissue on the soul.
- This negative volition and resultant scar tissue blocks the lungs of the soul, opening up a vacuum, MATAIOTES. Satan brings thoughts through the MATAIOTES into the soul of unbelievers and the reversionistic born again believer.
- Through this vacuum comes darkness, pseudo-edification, false Doctrines, Eph 4:17-19.
- The soul in darkness is both blind and stupid with regard to the grace of God.
- Mental attitude sins such as hatred, jealousy, vindictiveness, and implacability motivate religious types to be active in persecution, even killing.
- These acts of persecution include murder which is rationalized as a service toward God.
- In this way the religious killer has no guilt complex for his sins.
- The religious man assumes that the end justifies the means. The end is the removal of Christianity from the earth; the means is rationalized murder.
- Those who are religious, being sincere, always think they are doing God a great favor by wiping you out.
- Jesus is anticipating the hostility of religion toward grace. It is ruthless and senseless and inexcusable, diabolical.
- Religious opposition is going to continue throughout the Church Age. He is saying that religion will gain such ascendancy during the Church Age.
- Religion always seeks to destroy the truth. It is like a weed; it grows when it has something to prey on.
- In any country where you have maximum negative volition toward Bible Doctrine, religion infiltrates that area.
- Religion has restraints and until religion gains control of a state, it is restrained. Religion gains control of a state only when there is negative volition toward Bible Doctrine.
The earliest Christians were Jews (Acts 2:11, 14, 22), but quite soon after the church began to grow and spread, it was quickly thrust outside the synagogue (ca. a.d. 90). Persecution unto death occurred in the case of Stephen (Acts 7:59), James (Acts 12:2), and others (Acts 9:1-4). Some people throughout church history have been motivated to persecute believers because of a misguided zeal for God. They think they are offering a service to God (cf. Rom. 10:2). The historical illustrations of the fulfillment of Jesus’ words abound, from the earliest days of the church in the persecutions of men such as Athanasius and Chrysostom, through the Middle Ages and the treatment of Gottschalk and his followers, the Jansenists later, and then in the struggles of Luther and the Reformers with Rome. And the condition has continued to the present day, as missionary history clearly shows (cf. Prov. 29:27). (See FF Bruces comment on Excommunication in regards to John 9:22, Pg 215)
Summary of John 16:1-2
John 16:1, “These things (pervious Doctrine of Chapters 13-15), I have spoken (taught) to you all in order that you all do not fall way, (into reversionism).”
John 16:2, “They will make you outcasts from the local assemblies, but an hour is coming that anyone who puts you to death will think he is offering service to God.”
Our Lord continues to warn the disciples of specific forms of persecutions so that the disciples of Christ would not be shocked when these things would occur and thereby lose faith and hope being discouraged to the point of rejecting their own faith leading to reversionism and apostasy.
He does not want them to stumble due to the antagonisms of Satan and His Cosmic System.
The fact that Jesus is warning His disciples indicates to us that it is a real possibility for a disciple of Christ, (a true believer, born again Christian), to fall into reversionism. How can this be?
At the same time we are told that those who are the antagonists towards true Christians believe that their persecutions are for the worship and service of God. How can this be?
Interestingly enough, both questions have the same answer, which is, they have built up scar tissue on their souls, causing black out of the soul which has lead them into rejection of all things that are of Christ.
Of the believer it is noted in Mark 6:47-52; 8:14-18; Eph 4:17-18:
Of the unbeliever it is noted in John 12:37-43; Jude 10-13; Rom 1:18-32:
Doctrine of Scar Tissue and Black Out of the Soul.
Scar tissue of the soul, also known as hardness of the heart, is the result of prolonged residence and function inside Satan’s Cosmic System.
The soul has “lunges” for breathing in and out the Word of God, which is the inhale and exhale of Bible Doctrine. The PNEUMA, God the Holy Spirit, breathes Bible Doctrine into your human spirit as you learn the Word, 2 Tim 3:16; Eph 4:23.
2 Tim 3:16, “All Scripture is inspired by God (God-breathed) and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness; 17so that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for every good work.”
Eph 4:23, “And that you be renewed in the spirit of your mind.”
The soul has two “lungs”; hereafter, they will be called the left bank and the right bank. Each lung has five breathing apparatuses. The left bank is used for the inhale of Bible Doctrine. The right lobe is used for the exhale of EPIGNOSIS Doctrine.
- Volition – with Bible Doctrine the volition responds to God’s will.
- Mentality – with Bible Doctrine you are able to think Divine viewpoint; without Bible Doctrine the best you will achieve is human viewpoint.
- Self-Consciousness – with Bible Doctrine you will be occupied with Christ; without Bible Doctrine you will be occupied with self and the world.
- Conscience (norms and standards) – with Bible Doctrine you will have the Divine nature of norms and standards; without Bible Doctrine at best you will have human norms and standards.
- Emotions (response of the soul) – with Bible Doctrine you will have the ability to respond and appreciate God; without Bible Doctrine at best you will appreciate your self and Satan’s Cosmos.
The Old Sin Nature is the distorter of the soul but is not in the soul. With Bible Doctrine the Old Sin Nature is frustrated; without Bible Doctrine the Old Sin Nature is satisfied. Rom 6:6; 7:7-18
The left bank is designed for relationship with God, inhale, 2 Tim 2:15; James 1:5. While the right bank is designed for relationship with mankind, that is the exhale, 2 Cor 5:20; James 2:8. (Ambassador = exhale towards man).
Scar tissue is built up on the left bank of the soul by means of neglecting Bible Doctrine, i.e., showing negative volition towards God’s Word. This automatically switches on the “MATAIOTES” (emptiness or vanity) vacuum into which KOSMOS evil (Satan’s system) and arrogant words of vanity flow, Eph 4:17.
Scar tissue is built up on the right bank of the soul (lunges) by:
- Adultery Pro 6:32, Eph 4:19
- Mental Attitude Sins: bitterness, pride, jealousy, hate, vindictiveness (revenge), implacability (hostile anger), guilty, worrying, etc. 1 John 2:9, 11
- Drunkenness and drugs cause scar tissue. (There is nothing wrong with alcohol but there is something wrong with being drunk.) Rom 13:13; Eph 5:18
Scar tissue is built up when you have emotional revolt of the soul. When your emotions revolt, any Bible Doctrine stored in the heart of your soul shuts down and your emotions begin to run your soul instead of responding to the Doctrine in your heart. Emotions contain no Doctrine and do not have conscience. This is apostasy, if you have negative volition toward Bible Doctrine, it is inevitable you will have emotional revolt of the soul and have misery. As a result you no longer inhale or exhale Bible Doctrine in either the left or right lobe.
Scar tissue can build up on the soul of the believer as well as the unbeliever. All that is necessary is the rejection of the Word of God, either post-salvation for the believer or pre-salvation for the unbeliever, towards the gospel of Jesus Christ.
2 Peter 2:22, “It has happened to them according to the true proverb, “A dog returns to its own vomit,” and, “A sow, after washing, returns to wallowing in the mire”.”
Blackout of the soul and scar tissue of the soul combine to reject all forms of truth. “Vomit” here includes: socialism, communism, the welfare state, redistribution of wealth, social equality, and being saved by anything except faith in Christ
John 12:40, “He has blinded their eyes (blackout of the soul), He has hardened their heart (right lobe), (scar tissue of the soul), lest they should see with their eyes, and perceive by means of their heart (right lobe), and receive conversion, and I restore them (Israel as a client nation).”
2 Thes 2:10-12, “…and with all deception of maladjustment (rejection of Jesus Christ) for those who perish, because they did not receive the love of the truth, so as to be saved. And for this reason, God sends them a deluding influence (blackout of the soul, scar tissue of the soul), so that they might believe a lie, in order that they might all be condemned who do not believe the truth, but take pleasure in unrighteousness.”
Scar tissue can finally choke out the soul.
- Believers: Ananias and Sapphira (Sin Unto Death), Acts 5:1-11; 1 John 5:16-17.
- Unbelievers: Judas Iscariot, Mat 27:3-10, and the Pharaoh of Egypt, Ex 7-14. After so many chances at salvation, Judas finally went to the ultimate in arrogance: suicide. The scar tissue of the soul built up in his soul until he expressed it in maximum arrogance.
How is scar tissue removed?
- For the unbelievers, at the point of salvation all scar tissue is removed, Isa 43:25; 44:22.
- For believers:
- Rebound (naming your sins to God the Father – 1 John 1:9) provides the filling of the Holy Spirit but it does not remove scar tissue
- Crash program on Doctrine, Heb 6, which build your Edification Complex of the Soul.
- Exhale of residual Doctrine (EPIGNOSIS) from the Edification Complex of the Soul built upon your human spirit.
The Edification Complex of the Soul (ECS).
The antithesis of scar tissue in the Christian life is the existence of an Edification Complex of the Soul. That is the building up of Bible Doctrine in your soul which has tremendous benefits to you in life.
The Edification Complex of the Soul is technical nomenclature found in the epistles of the New Testament for the attainment of spiritual maturity.
Synonyms for the Edification Complex of the Soul.
- “Light”, Rom 13:12; Eph 5:8-10; 1 John 1:7,, is used for God’s Power System and sometimes for the Edification Complex of the Soul.
- “Christ formed in you”, Gal 4:19, connotes both the Edification Complex of the Soul and Spiritual Self-Esteem.
- “The new self (man)”, Eph 4:24; Col 3:10, refers to both the Edification Complex of the Soul and God’s Power System.
- “The perfect man”, Phil 3:12-16; James 1:4; 3:2, is used for the attainment of spiritual adulthood and the ECS.
- “Imitators of God,” Eph 5:1, is used for Occupation with Jesus Christ and the development of your ECS.
The consistent function of GAP under one’s right Pastor-Teacher is the only way to construct an Edification Complex of the Soul.
The mature believer possesses a completed Edification Complex in his soul.
Doctrine perceived must feed both the human spirit and the human soul for capacity for both human and eternal life. The Edification Complex of the Soul is the result.
Eccl 10:2 (NIV), “The heart of the wise inclines to the right, but the heart of the fool to the left.”
The Benefits of an ECS Include:
- It produces confidence in time, Job 5:24-27; 2 Cor 5:6-8; Heb 10:35.
- It produces Divine viewpoint of life and establishes right priorities in the soul of the believer, Isa 55:7-9; 2 Cor 10:5.
- It orients the believer to the Plan of God, Isa 26:3-4; Rom 8:28.
- It produces stability of mind, as opposed to the instability of the double-minded, James 1:8.
- It is the basis for divine guidance and the execution of the will of God, Rom 12:2-3.
- It leads to Occupation with Christ and the capacity and ability to love God and appreciate Him as the source of blessing when it comes, Phil 3:10; Eph 3:19; Heb12:1-2.
- It attains eternal grace blessing, 1 Cor 3:10-15; Heb 11:9-10, 13; James 1:25; 2:12-13.
Now we turn to John 16:3, “And these things they will do because they have not known the Father or Me.”
The Greek is, “ καὶ ταῦτα ποιήσουσιν ὅτι οὐκ ἔγνωσανm τὸν Πατέρα οὐδὲ ἐμέ. “
Transliterated it reads, “KAI TAUTA POINSOUSIN HOTI OUK EGNOSAN TON PATERA OUDE EME.”
We begin with: KAI which is a Coordinating Conjunction, “and, even, also, etc.” This ties together what was said in v 2 as another reason for persecutions, which was also noted in John 15:21, “because they do not know the One who sent Me.”
TAUTA is the Demonstrative Pronominal Adjective HOUTOS in the Accusative, Neuter, Plural. HOUTOS once again that means, “this, this one; he, she, it.” With the Plural we say, “these things.” This time it is specifically referring to the persecutions noted in v 2, excommunication and martyrdom.
POINSOUSIN is the verb POIEO in the Future, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Plural. POIEO meaning, “to make, or do.”
The Future Tense is predicative of impending persecution and the reasoning for them.
The Third Person, Plural, Active Voice is for those who will be persecuting true believers. Those who are of the arrogant, self-righteous, legalistic, religious crowd, as Saul (a.k.a. Paul), was prior to his conversion, Acts 7:58; 8:1-3; 9:1-5. In Acts 9:5 we see Saul saying “who are you Lord”, demonstrating the principle of this verse, “they do not know the Father or Me.”
The Indicative Mood is for the reality of future persecutions and their reasoning. So we say, “they will do.”
HOTI Subordinating Conjunction that means, “that, or because.” It generally introduces the subjective opinion of the writer and is translated, “because, or for since.” This introduces the reasoning or rationale of the persecutors.
OUK is the Negative Particle that means, “not or do not.”
EGNOSAN is the Verb GINOSKO in the Aorist, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Plural. GINOSKO means, “To come to know, recognize, perceive, etc.” This is referring to experiential knowledge.
The Aorist Tense is for simple past tense and views the entirety of the action, coupled with the negative OUK for a lack of understanding or knowledge in the past that will lead them to future persecutions.
The Third Person, Plural, Active Voice, tells us that these persecutors have a lack of knowledge; they are ignorant as to knowing God the Father and the Son on a personal basis.
The Indicative Mood is for the reality of not having experiential knowledge of God nor His Son. So we say, “They have not known.”
- GINOSKO refers to experiential knowledge, suggesting the knowledge of personal faith.
- While the world may have a lot of knowledge about Christ, it does not have this personal experiential knowledge of Him because it does not have faith in Him.
- In John 15:21, “because they do not know the One who sent me,” utilized OUK plus the verb OIDA for “they do not know”, which refers to a more objective knowledge, probably that of the fact of His incarnation, ministry and mission in comparison to Old Testament prophecy concerning the Messiah.
- In John 15:21 it was the perfect idea of “possessed knowledge”, rather than the present aspect of “acquiring knowledge.”
- It had the sense of a continued completed state, “I know”, versus, “I have come to know”, (through experience or event).
- In John 16:3 GINOSKO refers to that experiential knowledge which comes from continued intake and application of God’s Word in faith.
- Therefore, these persecutors have neither objective nor experiential knowledge of God or Jesus Christ.
- They are ignorant on two fronts; objectively and experientially.
Continuing in John 16:3, we have:
TON PATERA which is the Article HO, “the”, and the noun PATER in the Direct Object Accusative, Masculine, Singular, that means “Father”, referring to God the Father. The Father is one of two objects the persecutors do not know.
OUDE is another Coordinating Conjunction from OUK, “not”, and DE, “and, or, but.” So literally it is “and not” It is translated as, “and not, but not, neither, nor, not even, etc.” Because of the previous negative OUK this would create a double negative which is not appropriate for English. The first negative prevails and we simply say, “or”, tying in the first object the Father, with the upcoming second, Jesus.
EME is the First Person Singular Personal Pronoun of EGO “I or me”, in the Accusative Case. This is our second object of the persecutors ignorance, Jesus Christ. They have not and do not know the Father or Jesus Christ.
Our complete translation of John 16:3 is, “And these things they will do because they have not known the Father or Me.”
- Here, just as in John 15:21, Jesus indicates that these persecutions would come out of the world’s ignorance and hatred.
- “They” here specifically refers to unbelieving, religious Jews; the ones who would put believers out of synagogues and / or put them to death.
- John’s Gospel speaks often of the relationship between obedient faith and knowing God. It was “His own,” the Jews, who are spoken of as “the world” that knew not Jesus because they “received Him not”.
John 1:10-11, “He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him. 11He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him.”
- Jesus explained to Nicodemus why those who did not believe on Him were condemned. Their rejection of Him placed them under God’s condemnation, John 3.
- They rejected Him because He was the Light; they loved darkness, (self-righteous deeds), because the Light revealed the true evilness of their deeds, John 3:18-19.
- Logically, all Jews should have recognized Jesus and believed on Him since they knew the prophecies, John 15:21.
- We see here the principle that it is not only intellectual knowledge that brings the knowledge of God. Knowing God is the result of faith, an attitude of humble obedience to His Word.
- They were not necessarily ignorant nor passively ignorant. They voluntarily, actively and freely chose to ignore the righteousness of God, Rom 10:2-3.
Rom 10:2-4, “For I testify about them that they have a zeal for God, but not in accordance with knowledge. 3For not knowing about God’s righteousness and seeking to establish their own, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God. 4For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.”
- In rejecting Jesus they proved that they did not “know” the God they spoke about with such zeal, either objectively or experientially.
- Religion does not possess category #1 love.
- If you do not know God, you cannot love God. You have to know God to love God. You know God by studying and having faith in His Word.
- Religion is blinded toward God and totally without category #1 love. The religious type assumes that what pleases God is the elimination of grace, which is actually His plan for man’s salvation and the execution of the spiritual life.
- Therefore, religion superimposes its own darkness, (self-righteous legalism), upon the Plan of God, which has led and will continue to lead them to persecute true grace believing Christians.
In John 16:4 we note that Bible Doctrine prepares the believer priest for any such traumatic experience (such as religious persecution and martyrdom). Jesus briefs His disciples before the shock breaks out so that they are fortified within their soul with Bible Doctrine to be sustained throughout the ordeal and be victorious.
John 16:4a, “But these things I have spoken to you, so that when their hour comes, you may remember that I told you of them.”
4b, “These things I did not say to you at the beginning, because I was with you.”
The Greek reads, 4a, “ ἀλλὰ ταῦτα λελάληκα ὑμῖν ἵνα ὅταν ἔλθῃ ἡ ὥρα αὐτῶν μνημονεύητε αὐτῶν, ὅτι ἐγὼ εἶπον ὑμῖν.”
4b, “ ταῦτα δὲ ὑμῖν ἐξ ἀρχῆς οὐκ εἶπον, ὅτι μεθ’ ὑμῶν ἤμην. “
Transliterated it reads, 4a, “ALLA TAUTA LELALEKA HUMIN HINA HOTAN ELTHE HE HORA AUTON MNEMONEUETE AUTON HOTI EGO EIPON HUMIN.”
4b, “TAUTA DE HUMIN EX ARCHES OUK EIPON, HOTI METH HUMON EMEN.”
This verse is broken down into two main parts. In fact, the Greek in the “Greek New Testament”, (Fourth Revised, Corrected Edition, 1994, Edited by Barbara and Kurt Aland, Johannes Karavidopoulos, Carlo M. Martini, and Bruce M. Metzger), breaks this verse down into 4a and 4b as noted above.
The first section has to do with the recall and application of pertinent Doctrine in times of tribulation.
The second section indicates why Jesus did not earlier tell them of these things. We will address them individually.
The first part is, “4aBut these things I have spoken to you, so that when their hour comes, you may remember that I told you of them.”
ALLA is the Coordinating Conjunction of Contrast that can mean, “but, rather, on the contrary”. It ties together the thought of v 3 with v 4 but is contrasting in that Jesus is no longer speaking about the ignorance of the religious crowd. Instead He is emphasizing the power of the Word of God resident within their souls. Our Lord is also once again reminding His disciples as to why He is teaching them this information; for power and strength in times of persecutions. This is not KAI as in v 3 but ALLA, so the contrast is between the ignorance of religion and the EPIGNOSIS wisdom of Bible Doctrine in the souls of the disciples of Jesus Christ. For emphasis we will translate this “on the contrary.” Note in comparison, how Jesus used ALLA, “but”, and KAI, “and”, at the beginning of John 15:25 & 27 respectfully.
The following phrase is identical to what Jesus said at the beginning of v 1, “These things I have spoken to you that.”
TAUTA is once again the Demonstrative, Pronominal, Adjective HOUTOS in the Accusative, Neuter, Plural. HOUTOS means, “this, this one; he, she, it.” With the Plural we say, “these things.” This time it is specifically referring to the Doctrines Jesus has taught in the Upper Room and Gethsemane Discourses, just as it did in v 1. Bible Doctrine is the only power that can defeat the onslaught of Satan’s Cosmic System.
LELALEKA is the Verb LALEO in the Perfect, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular. LALEO that means to, “say, speak or talk.” LALEO means to communicate Doctrine. It refers to the Bible Doctrine Jesus has taught them in the Upper Room and Gethsemane Discourses.
The Perfect Tense is noted by the doubling of the prefix of a word. In this case “LA” of LALEO is doubled with the prefix, “LE”. The Perfect Tense is for completed past action where the results continue into the future. Jesus has taught them these Doctrines with the intention that the disciples will apply them at the time of persecution.
The First Person Singular, Active Voice tells us that Jesus is the one who taught them these Doctrines. So we can add “I” in reference to Jesus as the speaker / teacher.
The Indicative Mood is for the reality of the situation. He has taught them these Doctrines. So we could say, “These things I have communicated in the past with the result that they stand.” We translate this as “I have spoken (taught you).”
HUMIN is Second Person, Pronoun SU, “you”, in the Dative of Advantage, Plural that means, “to you all” referring to the advantage it is to receive the teaching of Jesus Christ, the mind of Christ. It is an advantage to every believer to learn the Word of God.
HINA is the Subordinating Conjunction meaning “that, in order that, so that, etc.” This establishes a results clause, so we say, “with the result that.” In other words, the intended result of these instructions is for the disciple to apply them, especially in the time of trouble.
HOTAN is the Subordinating Conjunction establishing a conditional clause that means, “when, whenever, or as often as.” It is a reference to the time frame of tribulation where Bible Doctrine must be applied.
ELTHE is the Verb ERCHOMAI in the Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, Third Person, Singular that means, “to come or go.”
The Proleptic or Futuristic Aorist Tense, views the entirety of the action of persecutions. It says that persecutions do happen in a point of time in the future, referencing them as if already completed.
The Active Voice, persecutions perform the action of coming. They come at some point in time.
The Subjunctive Mood is tied in with HINA above for the intended result of our conditional clause, “persecutions come.”
HE HORA is the Article HO, “the”, which is not translated, plus the noun HORA in the Subject Nominative, Feminine, Singular that can mean, “Hour, time, moment, instant, occasion, short indefinite period of time or hour of the day.” It is a generic reference to the future persecutions. There is a dramatic application in the use of “their hour” here. In a very contrasting sense, just as Jesus’ “hour” would certainly come, (John 2:4; 12:23; 17:1; Mat 26:45; Mark 14:35, 41), so would His enemies “hour” come. The former to save the world, the latter to destroy Christians.
AUTON is the Pronoun AUTOS in the Genitive, Neuter, Third Person, Plural. AUTOS as a third person pronoun means, “he, she, or it.” In the Plural it is “them.” As a Possessive Genitive it indicates whose “hour” this is. It’s the persecutors “hour”. Literally it would be “of them” but we say “their”.
So we have, “On the contrary, these things I have spoken to you all, for the intended result that whenever their hour (persecutions) comes.”
Next we have:
MNEMONEUETE which is the Verb MNEMONEUO (mnay-mon-yoo’-o) in the Present, Active, Subjunctive, Second Person, Plural that means, “remember, keep in mind, think of, to call to mind, to make mention of, or bearing in mind.” This is the intended result of Jesus’ teaching them.
The Tendential Present Tense is for desired action to be made in the very near future, where the action may or may not be carried out. Jesus has taught them Bible Doctrine with the desired result that they remember it to help in time of need.
The Active Voice in the Second Person, Plural, tells us that the disciples are the ones that Jesus desires to remember His teachings. So we can add “you all”.
The Subjunctive Mood is for the intended result and volitional responsibility of the disciples to recall Bible Doctrine in times of trouble. We will say, “you all may remember.”
AUTON is once again the Pronoun AUTOS in the Genitive, Neuter, Third Person, Plural. As a Genitive it is Anaphoric referring back to “these things Jesus taught them.” So we can say “them” referencing the content of Doctrine the disciples have been taught and that they should be remembering in time of persecutions. By positioning the pronoun here, after MENMONEUO (remember), it places emphasis on the Doctrines Jesus taught. If the pronoun were placed after, “I have spoken” below, the emphasis would be on the fact of Jesus teaching them rather than the content of His teaching. The content (Bible Doctrine) is what matters. Also, as the NASB and KJV translates this pronoun by placing it at the end of the sentence with, “of them”, that emphasizes the fact of occurrence of persecutions and the fact that Jesus was able to prophesy them. Yet, that too is not the emphasis here. The emphasis is on the Doctrine He taught them which is the only power to help in time of persecutions, not the fact that He taught the disciples or that He prophesied about their persecutions, but the Doctrine He gave them to sustain them.
HOTI is a Coordinating Conjunction which means, “that”, that ties in the “them” above, (which stands for Bible Doctrine previously taught), and the following repeated statement of Jesus’ teaching them. It gives us a double emphasis on the teaching of Bible Doctrine. Therefore, it emphasizes the importance of teaching and learning Bible Doctrine.
EGO is a Pronoun in the Subject Nominative, First Person, Singular that means “I or me.” Jesus is referring to Himself as the one who taught them these Doctrines.
EIPON is the Verb LEGO, in the Aorist, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular. As discussed in v 1, the word LEGO which means “to speak”, means to organize information in your mind and then speak it, where LALEO means to communicate. So LEGO here means categorical Doctrines taught by Jesus.
The Aorist Tense is for simple past action viewing the entirety of the action of Jesus’ teaching them.
The Active Voice, Jesus has taught them in the past these Doctrines.
The Indicative Mood is for the reality of the teaching Jesus has done. So we say, “have spoken, (taught).”
HUMIN is the Second Person Pronoun SU, “you” in the Dative of Advantage, Plural that means “to you all.”
So we have, “you all may remember them (the content of Doctrine) that I have spoken (categorically taught) to you all.”
Our complete translation of John 16:4 is, “To the contrary, these things I have spoken to you all are for the intended result that whenever their hour (persecutions) comes you all may remember them, (Bible Doctrines), that I have spoken (categorically taught) to you all.”
Basically Jesus is saying, “I have taught you Bible Doctrine in the past for your benefit with the result that you have these things as shock protection, and you are therefore shock proof.”
- In three years of teaching, Jesus has actually given them enough information to have an erected Edification Complex of the Soul (ECS).
- They do not have this at this time! But out of memory and out of the further ministry from the Holy Spirit they will in the future take up the slack where they have failed during the last three years, and build their very own ECS.
- Knowledge of Bible Doctrine is the only preparation, the only provision for adversity and for religious persecution.
- Real pressure in your life demands the erection of the ECS to combat its evil intentions.
- The intention of the teaching of Bible Doctrine is that when the trials may come, they will not be a detriment to your faith. Rather the Doctrine will be an aid, especially since Christ has already anticipated them for us.
- There are Four Stages involved in you building Doctrine in your soul.
Stage One, the Pastor teaches the Mystery Doctrine of the Church Age to a group of believers. This Doctrine is called LOGOS or the Word of God.
Stage Two, the enabling power and ministry of the Holy Spirit teaches the believer’s human spirit, called the PNEUMA. The believer must be filled with the Spirit for the Holy Spirit to be able to teach the human spirit. Where there is positive volition, the Holy Spirit will turn that information into PNEUMATIKOS, which means spiritual phenomena understood.
Stage Three, PNEUMATIKOS is automatically transferred down the pipeline to the left lobe of the soul, the NOUS, where it becomes GNOSIS Doctrine. In the left lobe of the soul, this information is academically understood. In psychological terms, this is called receptive comprehension.
Stage Four, GNOSIS Doctrine is transferred from the left lobe to the right lobe or KARDIA of the soul where it becomes EPIGNOSIS Doctrine. This is the equivalent to the metabolization of Doctrine, the only Doctrine beneficial to the life. GNOSIS must be converted into EPIGNOSIS before it has any spiritual value. It is your faith perception that accepts the academically understood information as spiritual phenomena, converting it into EPIGNOSIS. In psychological terms, this is called retention.
- There are Three R’s in the perception of Bible Doctrine.
- Reception, Stages 1-3.
- Retention, Stage 4.
- Recall which is application to life. 1 Cor 2:4-16
Back in John 16:4 we see that Jesus repeats the objective He had in view by forewarning the disciples of the coming trials, so that by recalling the Bible Doctrine in their souls based upon His teachings, they would not fall into reversionism. This was to be a source of encouragement. Jesus knew these things were to happen, but He also knew how to help the disciples through the persecutions in victory. Jesus told them the things that would help them to make progress in their walk with Him.
He had forewarned them of coming persecution earlier, Mat 5:10; 10:16; Luke 6:22f, but not in the same context as here.
He was at this time, (as He also does for you today), showing the coming trials in relation to:
- Their ongoing faith and ministry,
- His going away and the coming of the Holy Spirit, and
- That victory in persecution was part of producing the three stages of Divine Good (fruit, more fruit and much fruit, v 2 & 5).
John, in the book of Revelation, gives a similar warning to the church of Sardis, Rev 3:3-6. There MNEMONEUO, (mnay-mon-yoo’-o), that once again means to, “remember, keep in mind, think of, etc.”, is in the Present, Active, and Imperative Mood as a command for believers to recall the teachings they have received and apply them in order to both recover from reversionism and defend against falling into reversionism.
Now in v 5 we have an interesting eternal reward, “I will not erase his name from the book of life.” What is interesting is that there is historical evidence that in the city of Sardis a person’s name was sometimes removed from the city register before death if he had been convicted of a crime. When these messages were written, Christians were under the constant threat of being branded as social rebels and stripped of their citizenship if they refused to recant or denounce their faith in Christ. In other words, they were branded as criminals.
Just as our Lord warned the disciples of being excommunicate from the synagogues, that seems to be the case here in Sardis. As we noted it is more severe than just being kick out of the church. It would impact their entire lives.
Therefore, as a source of motivation and encouragement the Lord personally reminds the “overcomer” not only of the safety of His heavenly citizenship, but of the special acknowledgment the Lord Himself will give him before the Father and before His angels.
Blotting names from the Book of Life is never applicable to a believer in Christ because believers are secure in Him, being kept by the power of God, 1 Peter 1:5, and held secure in both the hand of the Son and of the Father, John 10:28-30. Therefore the reference shows the contrast between what occurs in Satan’s Cosmic System, being blotted out of society, to the security the believer has in the Lord.
Principles of Memory (MNEMONEUO)
- Memory is a vital function of the mentality of the soul related to your capacity for life, happiness and the absorption of Bible Doctrine.
- It is the mental capacity of retaining unconscious traces of conscious impressions and of recalling those traces to consciousness with attendant perception.
- Memory includes the power of retention and recollection. Therefore, memory is a combination of retention and recollection.
- And it is obviously a part of capacity for life. Memory is also the function of the mentality of the soul in identification and perception of what has been previously learned.
- Memory also includes the concept of “people living on” in your soul. It is the perpetuation of thinking about people you love.
- Another facet of memory is commemoration, which is the perpetuation of knowledge of people or any event.
- There are many Doctrinal principles of memory such as the Communion table. This is when we recall through the ministry of the Holy Spirit those Doctrines pertaining specifically to the uniqueness of Christ and His work on the Cross, and we relate it to our entrance into the Plan of God.
- Memory is a part of personal love toward God, Eccl 12:1. You should store good memories as a defense against reversionism, Psa 145:1‑
- Bible Doctrine in the memory center of the soul must have number one priority, 2 Peter 1:12‑
- Repeated Bible teaching produces memory of Doctrine. Stability comes from remembering the Doctrine you have learned 2 Peter 1:15.
- Doctrine in the memory center is designed to orient the believer to logistical grace, Psa 103:2, “BNote: The change to pitch (12) and font (2) must be converted manually.less the Lord, O my soul, and do not forget all His benefits.”Note: The change to pitch (12) and font (1) must be converted manually.
- The importance of Doctrine in the memory center is taught in Psa 119:16, 83, 93, 109, 141; Prov 4:5.
- You can not apply Bible Doctrine unless you remember it. Acquire Doctrine, but don’t forget it.
- Memory is also used as an anthropopathism. Memory is ascribed to God to encourage the believer about divine faithfulness. God has not forgotten you, Lev 26:45; Judges 16:28; 1 Sam 1:11; Psa 10:12; 25:6-7; Isa 38:3, Heb 6:10;
Psa 25:6-7, “Remember, O LORD, Your compassion and Your lovingkindnesses, for they have been from of old. 7Do not remember the sins of my youth or my transgressions; according to Your lovingkindness remember me, for Your goodness’ sake, O LORD.”
The Process of Storing and Recalling Bible Doctrine in Your Soul:
The soul is composed of five invisible but real parts:
- Mentality, Prov 19:2; 23:7; John 20:27; 1 Cor 3:18; James 1:26.
- Self‑consciousness, Job 10:15; Acts 20:10.
- Conscience; Rom 9:1.
- Volition, Gen 3:6; Acts 3:23.
- Emotion, Luke 12:19; Phil 3:19.
The mentality of the soul is divided into two parts: the left and right lobes. The left lobe is called in the Bible the mind or NOUS in the Greek, Eph 4:17-24. This is the place of perception where we receive GNOSIS information. The left lobe is your place of assimilating information and the area where your talent functions. The right lobe is called the heart or KARDIA in the Greek, Eph 5:18-19; Rom 10:1. This is where you do your thinking, analyzing, applying of knowledge, and is the seat of common sense.
Rom 10:1, “Brethren, my heart’s desire and my prayer to God for them is for their salvation.”
The Bible says the heart (KARDIA) is part of the essence of the soul; it is the thinking, reasoning part. It is designed to dominate the soul. Therefore, it must be the target for Doctrinal teaching, 1 Kings 3:9, 12; Psa 19:14; 119:11.
Psa 19:14, “Let the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart be acceptable in Your sight, O LORD, my rock and my Redeemer.”
Psa 119:11, “Your word I have treasured in my heart, that I may not sin against You.”
To reach the target, Bible Doctrine must pass through two staging areas: the left lobe and the human spirit. Therefore, the heart of our soul is the place where we store and retain Bible Doctrine. It is also the place from which we apply God’s Word to life’s situations, Eph 1:18-19; 5:19; 6:5-6; 1 Peter 3:3-4; 1 John 3:17-21.
Eph 1:18, “I pray that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened, so that you will know what is the hope of His calling, what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints, 19and what is the surpassing greatness of His power toward us who believe.”
1 Peter 3:3, “You- adornment must not be merely external—braiding the hair, and wearing gold jewelry, or putting on dresses; 4but let it be the hidden person of the heart, with the imperishable quality of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is precious in the sight of God.”
The Essence of the Biblical Heart has 6 compartments; The Frame of Reference, the Memory Center, Vocabulary Storage, Categorical Storage, Conscience and Launching Pad. To describe the heart and the functionality of its six compartments, we use the analogy of a “filing cabinet” to explain how the KARDIA / heart of the soul works. The overall Heart is the filing cabinet. It’s the central resource center of your soul where you store and recall Bible Doctrine.
- The Frame of Reference are the various drawers within the filing cabinet that provide first access to the central resource center for storing and finding information within our souls.
- The Memory Center are the actual files or file folders you place within the filing cabinet. It is the actual storage of information within your soul.
- Vocabulary Storage is analogous to the tabs or headings we put on files or file folders as a technical reference to the information within the file giving us easy access and recall.
- Categorical Storage is the systematic grouping of reference material for application. How you arrange the files or file folders.
- The Conscience is the scanning of information within a file to use as a basis of reference regarding the situations of life. It stores the Norms and Standards of life.
- Finally we arrive at the Launching Pad. The Launching Pad is the gathering together of things stored within the filing cabinet. It is the animated process of removing a file and utilizing what is in that file.
Faith Resting: We need to faith rest when storing Doctrinal information. We must faith rest when applying Bible Doctrine to the details of life.
Cosmic Chaos: The believer who does not faith rest will instead have chaos in their soul.
1 Tim 1:5, “But the goal of our instruction is love from a pure heart and a good conscience and a sincere faith.”
The Memory Center.
We have noted the six compartments of the heart of the soul in summary fashion, now we will focus on the second compartments of the Heart, the Memory Center and the importance of its proper function for the execution of the spiritual life. As noted in our analogy of a “filing cabinet” to explain how the KARDIA / heart of the soul works, the overall Heart is the filing cabinet. Then there is the Frame of Reference which are the various drawers within the filing cabinet that provide first access to the central resource center for storing and finding information within our souls. The Frame of Reference is the location for the classification of Bible Doctrine.
The Memory Center is the second compartment where the actual files of information are placed within a filing cabinet of your soul. It is the actual storage of information, (in our case Bible Doctrine), within your soul. The Memory Center is also the place of recall within our soul. It is the place where we bring back into remembrance all of the Bible Doctrine we have learned and stored within our souls. All of this, of course, is accomplished through the power and filling of God the Holy Spirit. This is analogous to taking out a file within the filing cabinet and reading what is in the file.
Similar to John 15 &16, Hebrews 12:3-4 commands us to recall the sufferings Jesus endured on our behalf, and to use His example as strength when we ourselves face various persecutions.
Heb 12:3, “Think of Him who has endured such hostility by sinners against Himself, so that you will not grow weary in your heart (PSUCHE = soul) and give up. 4You have not yet resisted to the point of shedding blood in your striving against sin.”
After all, Jesus is the prototype of our spiritual life. Therefore, if we are unable to recall what Christ has endured, we will not have the designed power to stand firm when we face the adversities of life. Therefore, we see the importance of learning and recalling God’s Word.
Recall is necessary for the application of the Word of God to experience for worship, training the Christian reflexes and the function of the Problem Solving Devices, (Rebound, Filling of the Spirit, Doctrinal Orientation, Faith Rest, Grace Orientation, Personal Sense of Destiny, Personal Love for God, Impersonal / Unconditional Love for all of mankind, Sharing the Happiness of God, Occupation with Christ, Authority Orientation).
The Memory Center circulates Bible Doctrine into the various parts of the right lobe producing recall. It recalls information like a computer. You associate things in your Frame of Reference and then remember them from the function of the Memory Center. After a lot of repetition, the Memory Center stores the Doctrines you have learned so that you can recall them in the future. Recall is synonymous with the application of Bible Doctrine to experience and is therefore a part of wisdom (EPIGNOSIS and SOPHIA).
For example, recall becomes the basis for structuring the Problem Solving Devices within your soul. It may take only one verse to apply recall of a Doctrine such as 1 John 1:9, or one word such as Rebound, or several verses and words combined to recall a Biblical principle of application.
More complex recall occurs after we learn much Bible Doctrine which means we have learned about the Plan of God, including our Portfolio of Invisible Assets, the Unique Spiritual Life, Suffering for Blessing, and the Life Beyond GNOSIS. It all depends on how your Frame of Reference is developed.
Recall is the basis for the function of all three stages of the Faith-Rest Drill (FRD).
- Stage 1, Claim a promise(s) of God and establish a Relaxed Mental Attitude.
- Stage 2, Concentrate on pertinent Doctrine in a logical order (Doctrinal Rationale).
- Stage 3, Reach Doctrinal conclusions and apply them in faith.
You can not apply faith without information to believe in. When we recall information from the Word of God, we now have the opportunity to apply the faith rest drill (FRD) towards that information with a resultant Relaxed Mental Attitude. But without information we have no basis for applying faith.
Recall is the application of Doctrinal Rationales, in faith, to the circumstances of life.
The principle of Doctrinal Rationale is when you combine various bits of knowledge from the Word of God together to form categories of Doctrines in your soul. Once you have the Doctrines stored in your soul, you can then recall them and come to a conclusion where you apply them logically and rationally to the situations of life. Therefore, stage three is Doctrinal Conclusions which is the recall and application, in faith, of the Word of God to your life.
Examples of Doctrinal Rationales include; the Essence of God Rationale, the Plan of God Rationale, the POLITEUMA Rationale, the Grace of God Rationale, the Logistical Grace Rationale, etc.
A Doctrinal Conclusion is when you make application of the Doctrines you have recalled and rationalized by putting them into action either mentally, verbally or overtly.
Recall has nothing to do with whether or not you have a good memory as a human being. It has everything to do with the consistent intake of the Word of God and the building of our Spiritual I.Q. by God the Holy Spirit.
Concentration and repetition are the keys. You must hear a Doctrine over and over again. The more you hear a Doctrine, the quicker your spiritual I.Q. is built up and the sooner you will apply it to life.
You have not learned a Doctrine until you cannot forget it! You cannot use what you cannot recall. You can not look up the pertinent principles and Doctrines in your notebook when you are being tested. It must already be in your Memory Center. You can only apply what you have learned.
Therefore, recall is the application of EPIGNOSIS Doctrine in the right lobe to the circumstances of life. When EPIGNOSIS Doctrine is applied, it is called wisdom (SOPHIA).
Lam 3:20‑25, “Surely my soul remembers and is bowed down (humbled) within me. 21 This I recall to my mind, therefore I have hope (Stage 1 FRD). 22 The LORD’S lovingkindnesses indeed never cease, for His compassions never fail. 23 They are new every morning; great is Your faithfulness (Stage 2 FRD). 24’The LORD is my portion,’ says my soul, (Frame of Reference and Memory Center); ‘Therefore I have hope in Him’ (Stage 3 FRD).”
In v 21 we see that the memory of Bible Doctrine brings about humility as the basis for function in the spiritual life. That is having a Relaxed Mental Attitude (RMA) which allows you to cycle deeper through the Doctrine resident in your soul.
In vs 22 & 23 is your ability to cycle deeper into God’s Word and arrive at a Doctrinal Rationale, (e.g., God’s grace and mercy never fails because He is always faithful – Essence of God Rationale).
Then in v 24 we have the Doctrinal Conclusion, the Logistical Grace of God will provide for my every need; therefore, I will be confident in my daily walk.
In Jeremiah’s case, he demonstrated having Doctrinal Orientation, Faith Rest, Grace Orientation, Personal Sense of Destiny, and Personal Love for God, operating in his soul because he saturated his Memory Center with the Word of God.
Psa 119:16, “This was Font/Pitch 2,12 – On.I delight in your statutes (Doctrines); I shall not forget Your word.”
Psalm 119 was the thinking of those young people on that long march from Jerusalem to Babylon as they were terribly treated and abused. They had learned much about the Word of God and recalled it under the most awful circumstances.
Psa 119:109, “This was Font/Pitch 2,12 – On.My life is continually in my hand (an idiom for “in constant danger”), yet I do not forget Your law (Doctrines).”
The Frame of Reference plus the Memory Center equals the recall of Bible Doctrine.
2 Cor 10:4‑6, “For the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh, but divinely powerful for the destruction of fortresses. 5We are destroying speculations and every lofty thing raised up against the knowledge of God, and we are taking every thought captive to the obedience of Christ, 6and we are ready to punish all disobedience, whenever your obedience is complete.”
The context of this passage is the Angelic Conflict, and the issue is your weaponry. You must have the right weapons. You come to Bible class to arm yourself spiritually. God provides the weaponry which is all in one arsenal, God’s Power System (GPS).
The phrase in v 6, “we are ready” is better translated “holding in readiness” and refers to EPIGNOSIS Doctrine in the Frame of Reference and in the Memory Center.
Now that we understand the Biblical Heart with its six compartments and the importance of the Memory Center to recall and apply Biblical principles and Doctrines, we will focus on the Application of Bible Doctrine to everyday life.
Doctrine of the Importance of Application of Bible Doctrine.
There are three ways in which believers reject Bible Doctrine.
- Refusing to hear the teaching of the Word of God on a consistent basis from their right Pastor Teacher.
- Hearing the teaching of Bible Doctrine but refusing to metabolize it; hence, the failure to convert GNOSIS into EPIGNOSIS.
- Metabolizing Doctrine so that it exists in the heart of your soul’s stream of consciousness, yet the Doctrine becomes unusable, blocked out or over run with Cosmic viewpoint, or there is a lack of faith rest on the application side.
When the believer, under one or more of these three conditions, has rejected Bible Doctrine, two things happen.
- There is the accumulation of scar tissue formed in the six compartments of heart. This means that soon the things you have learned are forgotten or set aside, so that when stress and adversity occurs you fall flat on your face.
- Dissociation occurs resulting in the accumulation of garbage in the subconscious resulting in Cosmic viewpoint. This means you remove yourself from the application of Bible Doctrine and the spiritual life.
When a believer has too much garbage in the subconscious and maximum scar tissue of the soul, that believer is extremely vulnerable to the functions of his sin nature, and he enters into a state of confusion. This state of confusion overflows from Cosmos Diabolicus, so that the thinking of the believer involved cannot be distinguished from the thinking of the human viewpoint of the unbeliever. Such believers add the emotional complex of sins plus the arrogance complex of sins to their state of confusion.
Confusion demands concentration. If you have not been concentrating under the filling of the Spirit in Bible class, do not expect to be able to concentrate when faced with the confusion created by Satan’s Cosmic Systems. A thought can make or break you. What you really are is what you think, Prov 23:7.
- Application of B.D. is Necessary to Overcome the Confusion of Satan’s Cosmic System.
Confusion is a feeling that you do not understand something or cannot decide what to do. It is a situation in which things are messy, badly organized or not clear. It is mistaking one thing for another.
The environment of confusion causes stress. If there is confusion in some area of life (the home, romance, friendship), then there is stress in that area. A thought can make or break you.
Prov 23:7, “As a person thinks in his heart, so he is.”
Gal 6:3, “If anyone thinks he is something, when he is nothing, he deceives himself.”
Confusion demands concentration; bringing reality from Bible Doctrine into the stream of consciousness.
Your soul is a spiritual battlefield. What you think determines whether you are winning or losing.
Eph 4:23, “That you be renewed in the spirit of your mind, 24and put on the new self, which in the likeness of God has been created in righteousness and holiness of the truth.”
You must learn Bible Doctrine before you can think Bible Doctrine. You can not think what you do not know.
Phil 2:5, “Keep on having this mental attitude in you which was also in Christ Jesus.”
Thinking of yourself in terms of arrogance is confusion of mind, which matches the confusion of life without Bible Doctrine.
1 Cor 10:12, “Therefore, let him who thinks he stands, take heed lest he fall.”
Therefore, we have the Divine mandate of Rom 12:2-3.
Rom 12:2-3, “Stop being conformed to this world but be transformed by the renovation of your thinking, that you may prove what the will of God is, namely the divine good production, the well pleasing to God, the mature status quo. 3For I say through the grace which has been given to me to every one who is among you, stop thinking of yourself in terms of arrogance beyond what you ought to think, but think in terms of sanity for the purpose of being rational without illusion as God has assigned to each one of us a standard of thinking from Doctrine.”
“Stop being conformed to this world” means to stop being in a state of confusion. The world thinks human viewpoint which causes confusion.
Phil 3:15-16, “Therefore, as many as are mature believers, continue objective thinking. Furthermore, if you have a different mental attitude in something God will reveal that to you. 16However, let us keep living by that same standard to which we have attained.”
Concentration on Bible Doctrine in time of stress and confusion is mandated.
Col 3:2, “Keep thinking objectively about the things above (Divine Viewpoint) and not about things on the earth (Human Viewpoint).”
- Application of B.D. is Necessary to Overcome when dealing with Cosmic Believers.
When believers have too much garbage in the subconscious and when believers have maximum scar tissue of the soul, there is nothing you can do to satisfy them. From the emotional complex of sins, such a believer may become irrational and confused. From the arrogance complex of sins, such a believer becomes bitter and implacable, jealous and vindictive, and self-righteous. There is nothing you can do to please them.
Implacable believers must be treated in grace. You can not argue with an irrational person. Beware that you do not lose your own integrity or spiritual strength in interacting with such persons. Do not let people with mental attitude and verbal sins drag you down with them.
This is where three factors in your life must synchronize.
- You must have the foundation of humility. When you are criticized, there is always something you can learn from it, but you must have humility.
- You must have the professionalism of understanding the mechanics of God’s will, plan and purpose for your life, as well as the 11 Problem Solving Devices.
- You must have the spiritual strength to use the shield of faith, Eph 6, (the Faith-Rest Drill) in the environment of confusion and disaster. This is your integrity and it comes from inculcation of Bible Doctrine.
Implacable believers can only be treated by you in grace; for only God can deal with implacable believers; therefore, the importance of leaving them in the Lord’s hands. Compare 2 Cor 1:12; Heb 13:18; 1 Thes 2:10-12; 2 Tim 3:1-16 with Rom 12:9-21.
- Application of B.D. means Awareness.
Awareness denotes the status of being mentally alert from heightened perception of Doctrine, resulting in the motivation to learn and to use the eleven Problem Solving Devices (PSD) of the protocol plan of God for the Church. In eternity past, God has provided the perfect solution to every problem in life. We have a choice between God’s solutions or man’s solutions. Man’s solutions end up in disaster.
Awareness is motivation to learn followed by persistent perception of Doctrine. This includes motivation to learn the Problem Solving Devices, including the perceptive power to utilize these PSDs as circumstances dictate.
Awareness connotes a wide knowledge, accurate interpretive ability and vigilant application. This interpretive ability belongs to you as a believer as you accumulate metabolized Doctrine in your own heart (stream of consciousness).
Awareness is part of the thinking skills of the spiritual life. Thinking skills include:
Comprehension: The capacity of the human mind to function under spiritual I.Q. to enter perception, cognition and metabolization of Bible Doctrine in your stream of consciousness. Human I.Q. is not a factor in the cognition of Doctrine. The filling of the Holy Spirit makes us all equal in the ability to comprehend Doctrine.
Memory: The mental capacity to retain in the stream of consciousness and recall metabolized Doctrine for a specific circumstance of life. As the number of Doctrinal memories increase, the number of divine viewpoint thoughts also increase, resulting in the formation of Doctrinal Rationales to be applied to experience through the function of the Faith-Rest Drill. The rate of learning must exceed the rate of forgetting.
Problem Solving: The utilization of the eleven Problem Solving Devices in the soul. All Problem Solving Devices are manufactured out of EPIGNOSIS Doctrine in the stream of consciousness. The Problem Solving Devices are the only accurate and legitimate system of application of metabolized Doctrine to post salvation experience, including establishment values. The Problem Solving Devices are a grace gift from God which replace human viewpoint solutions, psychology and defence mechanisms.
Decision Making: The power and ability to understand the issues of life, to classify the solution or course of action and to make the right decision to do the will of God as revealed in the Word of God. Continuous negative decisions can go beyond the point of no return. We must understand the facts related to Bible Doctrine before we can exercise our volition to make good decisions from a position of strength.
Creativity: The function of divine viewpoint from independent thinking and accurate originality of thought related to spiritual values. Creative thinking always includes spiritual values found in the Word of God. Creative thinking is recovery of truth and brings full awareness. Creative thinkers arouse the jealousy of pseudo-thinkers. Creativity is the means of Pastors rediscovering Biblical truths such as dispensations, spiritual skills and precedence for the spiritual life from the humanity of Christ during His first advent, the origin of human life at birth, etc. We have equality in the recovery of these Doctrines and the powerful presentation of such truth in spite of all opposition.
Awareness: Extensive knowledge of Doctrine and interpretive ability from the Launch Pad of the Heart of your soul (wisdom in the stream of consciousness), resulting in accurate application to every circumstance in life. Sensitivity involves arrogance, while awareness is the application of metabolized Doctrine through the Problem Solving Devices deployed on the FLOT line of the soul. Awareness is having knowledge in the stream of consciousness, being informed, alert and knowledgeable about others, situations and circumstances. Out of true awareness comes wisdom. There is no wisdom in life without the thinking skill of awareness developed through the Problem Solving Devices. Awareness wades through all the pressures and opposition to Bible Doctrine with concentration, a self-motivation and accurate spiritual values to continue advancing toward the objective of spiritual maturity and the glorification of God. Awareness avoids all of the arrogance traps, such as pseudo-compassion.
Awareness is the motivator for the fulfillment of the four dimensions found in Eph 3:18
Eph 3:18, “That you may utilize the power to grasp the idea with all the saints what is the width and length and height and depth.”This was Font/Pitch 2,10 – Off.This was Font/Pitch 1,10 – On.
Now continuing in John 16 we have:
4b, “These things I did not say to you at the beginning, because I was with you.”
4b, “ ταῦτα δὲ ὑμῖν ἐξ ἀρχῆς οὐκ εἶπον, ὅτι μεθ’ ὑμῶν ἤμην. “
4b, “TAUTA DE HUMIN EX ARCHES OUK EIPON, HOTI METH HUMON EMEN.”
As noted above, this last sentence is actually separated out in “The Greek New Testament” (4th Revised Edition), from v 16:4a. In that book it also begins a new paragraph that runs through to v 12.
TAUTA is the Demonstrative, Pronominal, Adjective HOUTOS in the Accusative, Neuter, Plural that we have seen throughout v 1-4 that means “these things.” Each time TAUTA is used the context has to be looked at closely so as to determine what “these things” is referring to. Here it continues to refer to Jesus’ teachings to His disciples about persecutions and the importance of being prepared in the heart of their souls with Bible Doctrine so that they can be victorious in the face of persecution.
DE is the Coordinating Conjunction that means, “but, to the contrary, rather; and; now, then, so.” It is not contrasting here but coordinating 4a with 4b. It tells us that “these things” are the same things that Jesus was referring to in 4a. So we will use “and” to link the discussion of Jesus’ teachings.
HUMIN is the Second Person, Plural, Pronoun, SU in the Dative case. It means “to you all”.
EX is the Preposition EK in the Genitive of Time case. EK can mean “from, out from, away from; by, by means of, by reason of, because; for; on, at; of, etc.” EK indicates beginning from within and going forward. When it is used before a word that starts with a vowel, the K is changed to an X, as here with EX. Here it is linked with ARCHES below which means beginning, so preceded by EX it means “at the beginning,” as it should be translated in John 6:64.
ARCHES is the Noun ARCHE in the Genitive of Time, Feminine, Singular that means, “beginning.” Linked with EK above it is like a double emphasizes of the beginning of a time frame. It also stresses a kind of time, that is, the time during which Jesus was with the disciples. So Jesus is referring to the beginning of His earthly ministry when He was with the disciples and with minor emphasis then going forward up to this point in time of His speaking. That is the 3 ½ years of His earthly ministry with the disciples. He will emphasize this in the following phrase “I was with you,” (METH HUMON EMEN). We will translate this as “at the beginning” emphasizing the beginning of the ministry with lesser emphasis on the latter proportions of His time with the disciples.
OUK is the Negative Particle that means, “not, did not or cannot.”
EIPON is the Verb LEGO in the Aorist, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular. LEGO means “to say or speak, address, etc.” As noted in 4a it refers to categorical Doctrines in the Heart of your soul that are communicated. That is, the categorical Doctrines taught by Jesus, (see v 4a above for the exegesis of this word). So this once again means, “Categorically taught”. With the negative OUK it is “I did not speak (i.e., categorically teach).” There is a comma after EIPON.
- Jesus did not teach them these Doctrines at the beginning or early on because they were not yet spiritually equipped to handle them. They did not have the capacity at that time.
- Not only did they not yet have the Holy Spirit, but they did not have the foundational Doctrines in their souls.
- As spiritual babies we cannot understand the more advance Doctrines of the spiritual life because we do not yet have the capacity for them.
- The more advanced Doctrines can only be sustained by having the foundational Doctrines in the heart of your soul, 1 Cor 3:10 with Heb 6:1-2.
1 Cor 3:10, “According to the grace of God which was given to me, like a wise master builder I laid a foundation, and another is building on it. But each man must be careful how he builds on it.”
Heb 6:1, “Therefore leaving the elementary teaching about the Christ, let us press on to maturity, not laying again a foundation of repentance from dead works and of faith toward God, 2of instruction about washings and laying on of hands, and the resurrection of the dead and eternal judgment.”
- Once you have the foundational Doctrines in your soul, you now have capacity to build upon them with more advanced Doctrines. That is, once you build the basis for your Edification Complex of the Soul, you can then lay upon it the more advanced Doctrines of the spiritual life, including the Doctrine of Suffering for Blessing, (persecutions); whereby, you construct a full Edification Complex of your Soul.
- We first have capacity to learn the foundational Doctrines because of our regenerated human spirit and the indwelling of God the Holy Spirit, which are two of the 40 things we received at the moment of Salvation.
- Having learned the foundational Doctrines within our soul, we then have capacity to learn advanced Doctrines.
- With advanced Doctrines in your soul, you have constructed the ECS, and now you have capacity to fully execute the unique spiritual life of the Church Age, which means glorification of Jesus Christ.
- Salvation builds capacity for learning foundational Doctrines.
- Foundational Doctrines build capacity for learning advanced Doctrines.
- Advanced Doctrines build capacity for executing the Unique Spiritual life of the Church Age.
- Executing the Unique Spiritual Life of the Church Age builds capacity for glorifying the Lord Jesus Christ.
- Glorifying the Lord Jesus Christ is the goal for every believer.
Rom 15:4, “For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our instruction, so that through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope. 5Now may the God who gives perseverance and encouragement grant you to be of the same mind with one another according to Christ Jesus, 6so that with one accord you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.”
HOTI is a Subordinating Conjunction, that means, “that, because or since.” This gives us the main reason why Jesus did not teach them these advanced Doctrines early on. So we say, “because.”
METH is the Preposition META in the Genitive of Association case that means, “With, or in company with.”
HUMON is the Second Person, Plural, Pronoun SU in the Genitive of Association that means “with you all.”
EMEN is the Verb EIMI, “to be or is”, in the Imperfect, Middle, Indicative, First Person, Singular. It means “I was.”
The Ingressive Imperfect Tense is used for past time where it stresses the beginning of an action with the implication that it continued for some time. It portrays the action from within the event without regard for the beginning or the end, its incomplete action. That is, it portrays the action as it unfolds, (i.e., Jesus calling them to be disciples and entering into His ministry with them). It focuses on the process of the action, (i.e., being with them in the past).
The First Person, Indirect Middle Voice emphasizes the actor of the verb, Jesus, as acting in relation to Himself being with the disciples.
The Indicative Mood is for the reality that Jesus was with the disciples.
Our complete translation of John 16:4b, “and these things (categorical Doctrines related to Suffering for Blessing), I did not say (categorically teach) to you all at the beginning, because I was with you all.”
- Jesus did not teach these things earlier because had the trials come while He was with them, He would have been able to give them help at the time. He would have solved the problem.
- Now that He is leaving them brings about a definite change in the situation, and He does not want them to be surprised by the hatred of the world and potentially fall away (stumble).
- Previously He could not teach them these principles because they did not have the capacity to understand them. Now that they have capacity, having learned many Doctrines from Him over the past 3 ½ years, He is able to teach them these principles.
- Thus, the trials, when they come, will not be a detriment to faith, but an aid, since He has already anticipated them for them and has prepared them with Doctrine and by sending His Spirit, (which we will see in vs 7-14).
- Because Jesus was present on the earth with the disciples two things could not happen while He was there:
- The intensification of the Angelic Conflict.
- The dispensation could not change.
- As long as Jesus remains on the earth and does not go to the Cross, there will be no intensification of the Angelic Conflict or change of dispensation, but because He will, these things would change.
- There are two reasons why we have an Edification Complex of the Soul (ECS),
- For the change of Dispensation and intensification of the Angelic Conflict.
- For the glorification of Christ.
- Once Jesus departs from the world through ascension, session and glorification, the disciples will face a new situation. They will no longer be able to rely on Jesus to personally protect them and answer all their questions.
- They will have to grow up quickly and stand on their own two feet by having their own Bible Doctrine in their souls in the face of intense persecutions of the Angelic Conflict. That is the definition of Spiritual Autonomy.
- Because the glorification of Christ and His absence from the earth will intensify the Angelic Conflict during the Church Age that means that every believer is the target of Satan and the demon army. Therefore, you are in full time Christian service. Every believer on the earth is an ambassador for Christ. As such he represents God on the earth; he is in full time Christian service.
- The glorification of Christ and His absence from the earth will result in the formation of the body of Christ on the earth. Every believer is in the body of Christ, every believer is a priest in the body of Christ, (2 Cor 5:20 with Eph 6:20), and every believer is an ambassador in the body of Christ, (1 Peter 2:5, 9).
- Through knowledge of Bible Doctrine you can become spiritually self-sustaining in the devil’s world. But there is only one way to be spiritually self-sustaining: the daily function of the Grace Apparatus for Perception, (GAP). The believer is not spiritually self-sustaining until there is an ECS.
- The combination of ambassadorship and priesthood, plus operation footstool, means a change in dispensation and a change in the meaning to the life of the believer.
- The hostility and persecutions from unseen forces of angels will be great but the provision from eternity past is greater. 1 John 4:4, “Greater is He that is in you than he that is in the world.”
- This provision of The Holy Spirit and Bible Doctrine becomes a reality through constant soul breathing, the erection of an ECS.
- This is the dispensation of the absence of Christ, of intensification of the Angelic Conflict, of the universal ministry of the Spirit in every believer, the universal ministry of the believer. It is the one dispensation in which the life of every believer has meaning, purpose, definition; the one dispensation in which the believer can have more happiness and blessing in life than any other dispensation.
- To be victorious in this dispensation you can not look for Jesus to personally and visibly fight your battles. You must be prepared spiritually by Jesus and His Spirit, having the categorical teaching of Jesus Christ resident in your soul via GAP; thereby, having constructed your very own ECS with daily application utilizing the Faith Rest Drill.
Jesus did not teach them previously the advanced Doctrines because they did not have capacity. Now that they have capacity, coupled with the indwelling and filling of the Holy Spirit, they have capacity to learn the advanced Doctrine, and they will be prepared to face the persecutions that come in the intensified stage of the Angelic Conflict, (the Church Age). Therefore, we too must be prepared by learning the foundational Doctrines and the advanced Doctrines of the Church Age via GAP, having built an ECS, in order to be overcomers (victorious) in this intensified stage of the Angelic Conflict; whereby, we glorify our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, Rom 8:14-18; 15:4-6; 2 Thes 1:11-12; 1 Peter 4:11-14.
We now turn to John 16:5 which says, “But now I am going to Him who sent Me; and none of you asks Me, ‘Where are You going?’”
The Greek reads, “ νῦν δὲ ὑπάγω πρὸς τὸν πέμψαντά με, καὶ οὐδεὶς ἐξ ὑμῶν ἐρωτᾷ με Ποῦ ὑπάγεις;“
Transliterated it reads, “NUN DE HUPAGO PROS TON PEMPSANTA ME, KAI OUDEIS EXHUMON EROTA ME, POU HUPAGEIS;”
NUN is a primary particle of present time that means, “at this time, the present, or now.” Jesus is referring to His imminent departure.
DE is the Superordinating Conjunction that means “but”, which bringing emphasis to the following statement. Combined with NUN above we would say, “But now.” This tells us that the Plan of God moves on. It begins the recognition of the fact that the disciples are not prepared for the advance of the Plan of God, v 6.
Principle: The Plan of God moves on whether we go along with it or not. The disciples are disoriented because they are minus Bible Doctrine, even though they have been taught for three years.
HUPAGO is a Verb in the Present, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular that means “to lead or bring under, to lead on slowly, to depart or go away.” It is a compound word that comes from the primary Preposition HUPO that means “by, under or about,” and the primary Verb AGO that means “to lead, bring, carry, go away or depart.”
The Progressive or Descriptive Present Tense is for a scene in progress. Jesus will be going away shortly. A part of His going away is this last discourse in the Garden of Gethsemane.
The First Person Singular Active Voice tells us that Jesus is the one who will be departing shortly.
The Indicative Mood is for the reality of His imminent departure. So we translate this “I am going.”
PROS is a Preposition in the Accusative case that means, “To or toward,” that is, to be “face to face” with someone. Jesus is going to be face to face with God the Father shortly.
TON PEMPSANTA is the Article “the” that is used as a First Person Pronoun here. So we say “Him”. We also have the Participle Verb PEMPO in the Aorist Tense, Active Voice, Direct Object Accusative, Masculine, Singular. PEMPO means “to send or dispatch.” We saw this verb extensively in John 13:16 regarding God the Father as the One who sent His Son, Jesus Christ.
Here the Participle Verb has emphasis on the noun while maintaining its verbal aspect. Because the Article is used like a pronoun, this Participle will bring out the verbal aspect. That is, it identifies the sending of Jesus Christ by God the Father, the Sender.
The Aorist Tense is used to view the entirety of the action of the Father sending His Son in the past, as does the …
Active Voice in that the Father produces the action of sending His Son. In the English language we do not say, “Him sent”, so we need to add the Pronoun “who”, to identify the sender as the active participant. So we will say, “Him who sent” being God the Father.
ME is the First Person, Singular, Pronoun EGO, “I or Me”, which is also in the Direct Object Accusative case. That means it is linked with the phrase PROS TON PEMPSANTA, or “to Him who sent.” The Accusative case limits the action, that is, the Sender (God the Father) sent Jesus. There is a comma after ME.
So far we have “But now I am going to Him who sent Me,”.
- This is anticipating that Jesus is going to the Cross, to the grave, resurrection, and then ascending to the right hand of the Father.
- Jesus is moving toward a goal. He is on track and He is going forward with the Plan of God, Luke 22:42 with Phil 3:14.
Phil 3:14, “I press on toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God in Christ Jesus.”
The reason that He is going forward with the Plan of God the Father is because in His humanity He has an ECS, and the humanity of Jesus Christ is reflecting the glory of the Father, John 17:1.
Jesus is going to be face to face with the One (God the Father) who sent Him. This is the ultimate goal, the objective. He is going from maximum humiliation to maximum glorification.
As a member of the human race, He will bear our sins and be our Savior, and as a member of the human race, He will be seated at the right hand of the Father in the state of glorification.
When He is glorified in His humanity a new Dispensation will begin. To understand the new dispensation and its difference from the Age of Israel the disciples should have been listening and building their own ECS, so that in this period prior to the crucifixion and immediately afterward they would have gone along for the ride. But they missed it. He points out the fact that they are disoriented to the Plan of God, because He says …
KAI is the Coordinating Conjunction that means, “and, even or also.” It is the Adversative use of KAI which means “and yet” as in John 1:10.
OUDEIS is the Cardinal (number), Pronominal (pronoun), Adjective, in the Subject Nominative, Masculine, Singular. This is a triple compound word form OUK, “not”; DE, “but”; and EIS, “one.” So it came to mean “no one, none, or not one.”
EX is the Preposition EK in the Genitive case that means, “from, out from, or of”
HUMON is the Second Person, Plural, Pronoun SU that means “you all”, in the Genitive Case. This is referring to the disciples. Typically it would be “of you or your”, but because we already have EK, we simply say “of you all.” This is in reference to the disciples not questioning Jesus as they had done before.
EROTA is the Verb EROTAO in the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular. It means, “to ask, or question” in order to gain information, i.e., interrogate or inquiry.
The Instantaneous Present is for completed action at the moment of speaking. They have not asked Him at this time, like they did previously.
The Active Voice in the Third Person Singular is addressing the broader or overall group of disciples with Him as the ones who did not ask “where are you going” at this time. Previously, in John 13:36, and 14:5, Peter and Thomas asked the questions, “Lord, where are you going”, and “Lord we do not know where you are going,” respectfully. Now Jesus is referring to the whole group of the disciples as one body that is not asking Him, “where He is going.” We will see why below.
The Indicative Mood is for the reality of the disciples not asking Jesus at this time. So we will say, “asks.”
ME is once again the First Person, Singular, Pronoun EGO, “I or Me” in the Direct Object Accusative case. That is, Jesus is the one they are not asking the question of at this time. ME ends this phrase with a comma.
So we have, “and yet not one of you asks Me,”.
- Jesus is telling them that this is their last chance to orient to the Word of God. If they asked Him here it would indicate a switch to positive volition toward Bible Doctrine. But they do not.
- In the Grace of God He always offers us multiple opportunities to be prepared by Him for future situations.
- If we do not take advantage of the opportunities when they are offered, there will be a time when there are no more chances and we will miss out, Rev 2:5; Prov 24:10.
POU is the Interrogative Adverb that means, “where, at what place, or to what place.” This is the question the disciples are not asking Him at this time.
HUPAGEIS is the Verb HUPAGO, in the Present, Active, Indicative, Second Person, Singular that once again means “go away.”
The Progressive or Descriptive Present Tense is for a scene in progress, Jesus’ departure.
The Second Person Singular Active Voice shows us from the perspective of the disciples that Jesus is the one who will be departing shortly.
The Indicative Mood is for the reality of His imminent departure. For our English ears we add the verb “are’. So from the disciples’ perspective we translate this “are you going?” HUAPGEIS is followed by a semi colon mark (;) which is a question mark in our English (?).
Our complete translation of John 16:5 is, “But now I (Jesus) am going to Him (God the Father) who sent Me, and yet not one of you (the disciples) asks Me, ‘Where are you going?”
- Why did they not ask Him this question at this time? Because now that they realize that Jesus is going, their thoughts turn to themselves and they cease asking the questions of Peter, (John 13:36) and Thomas, (John 14:5).
- With the realization that Jesus was about to leave them, they begin to be self-centered.
- Loss of leadership and/or possessions easily causes the mind to enter into self-centered and self-preservation mode. In self-preservation you take your eyes off of Jesus and put them on yourself and your condition or situation. With eyes on self, you stop having faith rest in God, His Word and His Plan.
- That is why Jesus says in v 6, “because I have said these things to you, sorrow has filled your heart.” When we are afflicted we should never yield ourselves to excessive grief. Rather than the Word and Spirit filling your heart, (right lobe of the soul), emotion has taken over. This is what we call emotional revolt of the Soul. Emotional Revolt of the Soul leads us to be disoriented to the Plan of God, 2 Cor 6:12.
2 Cor 6:12, “You are not restrained by us, but you are restrained in your own affections (emotions).”
- Rather than being filled with Bible Doctrine and having an ECS you will be filled with misery.
- Without prior study of Bible Doctrine up to the point of crisis, you cannot be prepared for the crisis. You cannot pull a verse out of the air in a disaster and orient to the grace of God if you have not previously learned it.
- The fact is had the disciples made the inquiry at this time, Jesus was ready to answer them and to comfort them. Therefore, repeating the principle, if we ask God for anything in Jesus’ name, He will answer our prayers, John 14:13; 15:7.
Completed Translation of the Gospel of John ~ Chapter 16:1-5
John 16:1, “These things (pervious Doctrines), I have spoken to you all in order that you all do not fall away, (into reversionism).”
John 16:2, “They will make you outcasts from the local assemblies, but an hour is coming that anyone who puts you to death will think he is offering service to God.”
John 16:3, “And these things they will do because they have not known the Father or Me.”
John 16:4a, “To the contrary, these things I have spoken to you all are for the intended result that whenever their hour (persecutions) comes you all may remember them, (Bible Doctrines), that I have spoken (categorically taught) to you all.”
John 16:4b, “and these things (categorical Doctrines related to Suffering for Blessing), I did not say (categorically teach) to you all at the beginning, because I was with you all.”
John 16:5 is, “But now I (Jesus) am going to Him (God the Father) who sent Me, and yet not one of you (the disciples) asks Me, ‘Where are you going?”
In John 16, Part 2, we will start with the exegesis of John 16:6 , “But because I have said these things to you, sorrow has filled your heart.” which continues our Outline of verses:
- 1-6, The Importance of Preparedness. Persecution Foretold.
Part 2 also covers Three Doctrines:
- The Doctrine of the Emotional Revolt of the Soul.
- Doctrine of Stress in your Soul
- Doctrine of Occupation with Christ