The Gospel of John ~ Chapter 15 ~ Part 2
Verses 9 – 11
The Upper Room Discourse / The Gethsemane Discourse
Chapter 15 Outline: What to do with God’s Provisions.
- 1-8, Suffering for Blessing and Divine Good Production
- 6, Warning to the Unproductive Believer
- 9-10, Abiding in the Love of God
- 11, Divine Good Produces Inner Happiness
- 12-13, Impersonal Love Motivates Divine Good Production
- 14-15, Faith Application Results in Intimacy with Christ
- 16-17, Predestined to Glorify God
- 18-21, Obstructions to Divine Good Production
- 22-25, The Reason for the World’s Rejection
- 26-27, The Spirit Leads Us in Triumph
Vs. 9-10, Abiding in the Love of God
Vs. 11, Divine Good Produces Inner Happiness, the Joy of Jesus Christ
We now continue in John 15:9 with, “Just as the Father has loved Me, I have also loved you; abide in My love.”
καθὼς ἠγάπησέν με ὁ Πατήρ, κἀγὼ ὑμᾶς ἠγάπησα· μείνατε ἐν τῇ ἀγάπῃ τῇ ἐμῇ.
KATHOS EGAPESEN ME HO PATER, KAGO HUMAS EGAPESA; MEINATE EN TE AGAPE TE EME
KATHOS is a Subordinating Conjunction that means, “According as, or just as.” Subordinating is a type of conjunction that introduces a dependent clause. A dependent clause depends or relies upon a main clause. So KATHOS means an exact analogy; therefore, it should be translated “just as” or “according as.” This sets up an analogy to the family of God and the Plan of God.
EGAPESEN is from the Verb AGAPAO which means “love”. It is in the Aorist, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular. It is speaking of a mental attitude love that the Father has for His Son which we call, “impersonal and unconditional love.” Here, however, the impersonal and unconditional is not emphasized because of the perfect relationship Christ has with the Father. Remember Christ was without sin and continually resided in the Sphere of the Father and His love and vice versa. So this is a mental attitude love based on harmonious relationship.
The Constative Aorist views the action as a whole and does not focus on the beginning or end of the action. It stresses the fact of occurrence. So this is that timeless aorist that goes into eternity past, focuses on the present and speaks of the future too. There never was a time when Jesus Christ was not loved by the Father, or the Father by Jesus Christ.
The Active Voice indicates that God the Father produces love from His own essence.
The Indicative Mood is the reality of this love. To gain the full realm of this love that the Father has for his Son we will say, “has, does and will forever love.”
ME is a Pronoun from EGO that means “I or Me”. It is in the Direct Object Accusative, First Person, Singular. Jesus is speaking of Himself as the object of God’s love.
HO is the Subject Nominative, Masculine, Singular article for “the.”
PATER the Subject Nominative, Masculine, Singular article for, “Father”, speaking of God the Father as the one who expresses His love towards Jesus Christ. Once again Jesus Christ calls the first person of the Trinity “the Father” because He (the Father) is the author of the Divine Plan, i.e., Authority Orientation.
So far we have, “Just as the Father has, does and will forever love Me.”
The next phrase is, “I have also loved you”, KAGO HUMAS EGAPESA.
KAGO is a compound word from KAI “and, even or also”, and EGO, “I or me”, that means “and I, but I; I also, or I myself”. It is a Pronoun in the Subject Nominative, First Person, Singular. Now Jesus turns from discussing the Father’s love for Him to His love for those who are His disciples, see Verse 8.
Remember a disciple here means more than just “all believers”, it means only those believers who are consistently abiding in Christ.
HUMAS is the Second Person, Personal Pronoun from SU in the Object Accusative case that means “you all”. The Disciples of Christ are the object of His love. This pronoun is in the plural referring to all the Disciples of Christ.
EGAPESA is also from AGAPAO but this time it is in the Aorist, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular. Here we have the disciples brought in.
The Constative Aorist refers to all the disciples who abide in Christ and stresses the fact of occurrence not its nature.
The Active Voice, Fist Person, Singular, Jesus Christ is the one loving His disciples.
The Indicative Mood states the reality of the fact that Jesus absolutely loves those believers who are abiding in Him.
So we say, “Love (past, present and future)”. We will not translate this as the NASB does “have loved” because that would call for the Perfect, Active, Indicative, and sounds too past tense with the action being completed. Even the generic Aorist, Active Indicative calls for the word “loved”, but that too sounds too past tense. The love Christ has for His disciples is past and present and continues for all time as the Constative Aorist brings out. That is why we will simply say, “love.”
Principle: How is it possible for Jesus Christ, who is just as much God as the Father, to love any member of the human race, including the disciples? The answer is found in the principle of propitiation. God the Father loves all believers on the basis of propitiation; God the Son loves all believers on the basis of positional truth/sanctification. So both God the Father and God the Son can love impersonally and unconditionally any member of the human race who is a believer without compromise of character. This is not amplified here but this is the basis, whereby Jesus Christ makes this statement.
This passage takes it a step further, where the emphasis of Christ’s love is on the “disciple” not just all believers. The basis for His love is impersonal and unconditional but the context here brings out relational mental attitude love. It is emphasizing the love of Christ for those who are abiding in Him, those who are occupied with the person and Word of Jesus Christ.
So we translate this portion as, “I also love you all (disciples).”
Our final phrase is “abide in My love”, MEINATE EN TE AGAPE TE EME.
MEINATE is our word “abide” from MENO in the Aorist, Active, Imperative, Second Person, Plural. MENO means to, “abide or remain”.
It is also a Constative Aorist.
The Active Voice, Second Person, Plural says “you all abide”, summing up the whole. That means any believer can do it.
The Imperative Mood is an order directly from our Lord to remain in His love. So abide means to maintain the supergrace status right then and there. Whether you continue in supergrace depends on whether you abide every day in Bible Doctrine or not.
EN is a Preposition in the Dative Cause that introduces the following Dative Clause. It’s a Dative of Sphere. So we say, “In the sphere of.”
TE AGAPE is the article for “the” plus the noun for “love” which is AGAPE in the Dative of Sphere, Feminine, Singular. This too is a mental attitude love, which is free from all sinfulness; minus mental attitude sins. It is not stressing the action of love but the category of love that Jesus has which we too must possess.
TE EME is the article for “the” plus the Possessive Adjective EMOS that means “My or Mine”, in the Dative, Feminine, First Person, Singular.
So we have, “You all abide in the sphere of My love.”
Our complete translation of John 15:9 is: “Just as the Father has, does and will forever love Me, I also love you all; You all abide in the sphere of My love.”
So here we have part three of the evidence of an “abiding life.”
- As we previously noted, part one of the evidence for an “abiding life” was answered prayer, 7.
- Part two was glorification of God the Father, 8.
- Part three then is residing in the sphere of the Savior’s love, 9.
- Parts four and five come next with obedience to His Word, 10, and
- +H, joy or sharing the happiness of God, 11.
So here in Verse 10 we come back to the theme of love. How did all of this get started? Jesus gives a new commandment in John 13:34-35, “that you love one another, even as I have loved you….”
Jesus uses the word “love” 27 times in the Upper Room Discourse. This is the major emphasis in this entire discourse. The emphasis is on what it means to love one another and what it means to love Jesus Christ, with the object lesson of how the Father loves Jesus.
In this verse the love is relational, not positional. It is the experience of love.
Impersonal love is that which we exercise toward someone who may be, at the time, offensive to us, obnoxious to us, not doing what we want, but we are still going to do what is best for them. It is unconditional love.
The Father does not have that kind of love for the Son because they are in perfect harmony, perfect fellowship and perfect intimacy.
Here Christ is viewing the disciples as abiding disciples, at that point.
The pattern is the Son’s relationship to the Father. Jesus Christ has set the precedent for the spiritual life, so “abiding in My love”; therefore, indicates relationship. It indicates the relationship of the believer to the Savior.
The standard is given in Verse 10. “If (3rd class condition: maybe yes, maybe no) you keep my commandments.” “My commandments” are all the mandates and prohibitions given in the Scriptures for the spiritual life of the believer. How do we know if we love the Lord? It is measured by obedience.
God’s Personal Love:
God’s personal love emphasizes the object of Divine love. Remember that the three members of the Trinity each have identical essence, including the same virtue (i.e., Divine righteousness and justice), and the same love. God is perfect, and therefore His personal love can only be directed toward perfect righteousness. The object of God’s infinite, eternal, unchangeable personal love must always be absolute perfection, (i.e., Divine Righteousness). God’s personal love cannot be directed toward anything less than perfect eternal righteousness. Personal love demands integrity on the part of the subject.
Therefore, God the Father loves the Divine righteousness of God the Son and the Divine righteousness of God the Holy Spirit. Personal love from a member of the Trinity demands that the object of that love be perfect.
When we believe in Christ, one of the forty things He gives to us is His righteousness. This means that all three members of the Trinity can personally love all who believe in Christ because they receive the imputation of Divine righteousness. This eliminates all our arrogance, which assumes that God loves us because of something we are or are doing. God found a way in grace to love us personally by giving us His own Divine righteousness.
Eph 2:4-10 teaches about God’s personal love for the believer:
- Verse 4, “But God, who is rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us.”
- Verse 7, “That He might show in coming ages (Millennium and Eternal state) the surpassing riches of His grace in generosity toward us in Christ Jesus.”
- Verse 10, “For we are His creation [new spiritual species], having been created in Christ Jesus for good of intrinsic value achievements, which God has prepared in advance that we might walk by means of them.”
God cannot personally love the unbeliever who is in a state of real spiritual death. Eph 1:5, “By means of love (God’s personal love for believers), He has predestined us (provision of Sovereignty of God for execution of His protocol plan) for the purpose of adopting us to Himself through Jesus Christ on the basis of the grace purpose of His will.”
There are three categories of Divine Love: Divine personal love that emphasizes the object of love; Divine impersonal love which emphasizes the subject who is loving; and Divine self-esteem which is Love for yourself.
Love in the spiritual life is patterned after Divine Love, not after human love, and therefore the believer who abides in Christ’s love must:
- Love himself first, (because of and based on God’s Word resident within his soul), before being capable of loving others.
- Always starts with Impersonal love as the basis for any relationship, which comes from the application of God’s Word within his soul.
- Have Personal love for God and others based on Divine Integrity resident within his soul.
God’s love always depends on who and what God is, never on who and what mankind is.
- God’s love exists with or without an object, since God’s love eternally exists and is unchangeable with optimum capacity.
- God’s love is never sustained by attractiveness or worthiness of an object, nor does it depend on the merit, works, sacrifices, flattery, or legalistic modus operandi of human beings.
- Divine holiness is the integrity envelope for man’s impersonal love for all mankind.
- Divine personal love always functions in compatibility with Divine integrity, which means that God’s personal love never contradicts the justice and righteousness of God.
- Divine love is always a source of God’s grace policy. This means that human works, worthiness, merit, and good are not the basis of God’s love for us.
God’s love is based on His Integrity. To understand His Love we must understand His integrity. Therefore we note that,
- Righteousness is the principle of Divine Integrity;
- Justice is the function of Divine Integrity;
- Love is the motivation of Divine Integrity,
- All of which is expressed through the grace of God.
Integrity is adherence to spiritual, moral and ethical principles related to truth and honesty (i.e., Bible Doctrine).
The believer who functions in the Integrity of God, as also noted below, will truly be able to abide in the love of Christ, which results in further personal application of Divine Integrity in their lives.
- Occupied with Christ,
- In fellowship with the Holy Spirit,
- Consistent in the perception, metabolization and application of Bible Doctrine,
- Applies the Royal Family Honor Code,
- Executes God’s Plan for their lives.
That is the sphere in which the disciple must reside, and therefore apply towards fellow members of the human race.
We must remain in Jesus’ love by exactly the same means which He has always remained in the His Father’s love. That is, obedience to the Father’s Will and Plan as now given to us in His Word. That total obedience is what Jesus testified too as noted in Verse 10, (see also John 8:29 and 14:31), and is the type of obedience we too must have in order to abide in His Love.
John 8:29, “And He who sent Me is with Me; He has not left Me alone, for I always do the things that are pleasing to Him.”
John 14:31, “But so that the world may know that I love the Father, I do exactly as the Father commanded Me.”
Abiding in the Love of Christ is a continuing communion with Him. It is maximizing your fellowship with Christ on a daily basis.
Then in John 15:10 we are given the means for capacity to love. How do we have capacity for love? “If you keep My commandments, you will abide in My love; just as I have kept My Father’s commandments and abide in His love.”
The Greek reads: ” ἐὰν τὰς ἐντολάς μου τηρήσητε, μενεῖτε ἐν τῇ ἀγάπῃ μου, καθὼς ἐγὼ τοῦ ἐντολὰς μου Πατρός μου τετήρηκα καὶ μένω αὐτοῦ ἐν τῇ ἀγάπῃ. ”
Transliterated it is: “EAN TAS ENTOLAS MOU TERESETE, MENEITE EN TE AGAPE MOU, KATHOS EGO TAS ENTOLAS TOU PATROS MOU TETEREKA KAI MENO AUTOU EN TE AGAPE.”
Our first clause is “If you keep My commandments,” which is “EAN TAS ENTOLAS MOU TERESETE.”
EAN is a Subordinating Conjunction that tied with TERESETE below in the Subjunctive mood gives us a Third Class conditional “if” statement (maybe you will and maybe you will not). This introduces the Protasis statement that answers the question as to how we “abide” in the love of Christ. It is also indicating the volition of the individual; indicating your attitude toward Bible Doctrine.
TAS is the article for “the” from HO in the Accusative, Feminine, Plural.
ENTOLAS is the Direct Object Accusative, Feminine, Plural of ENTOLE that means an injunction, order, command, or commandment. In the plural it is, “commandments” referring to the scriptures, the Mind of Jesus Christ (1Cor 2:16; 2Peter 3:18), Bible Doctrines.
MOU is a Pronoun in the Possessive Genitive, First Person, Singular of EGO that means “I or me”, or here it is “My”. Jesus is telling us that He is the source of all Bible Doctrine, especially the mystery Doctrine for the Church Age.
TERESETE is a Verb in the Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, Second Person, Plural of TEREO that means, “to keep, observe, obey, pay attention to; keep under guard, keep in custody; keep back, hold, reserve or maintain.” It means to guard something that belongs to you with the emphasis on using it. BDAG defines its usage in this passage as “to persist in obedience.”
The Constative Aorist Tense views the action as whole, describing it in summary fashion. So it’s the overall action of consistently guarding and applying the Word of God in your soul.
The Active Voice says that the disciples of Christ have volitional responsibility to persist in obedience of His Word, Bible Doctrine that is resident within his soul.
The Subjunctive Mood is for potential and volitional responsibility, maybe they will guard and apply the Doctrine in their souls or maybe they will not. Combined ENTOLE TEREO means to guard the Bible Doctrine that is resident within your soul because it belongs to you. We will translate TERESETE “you persist in obedience to”
So we have the Protasis, “if, maybe you will and maybe you will not, persist in obedience to My commandments.
Next we have the Apodosis, “you will abide in My love”, which is “MENEITE EN TE AGAPE MOU.”
MENEITE is the Verb “abide” from MENO in the Future, Active, Indicative, Second Person, Plural.
The Future Tense says that the Disciples who persist in obedience to the Word of God will in the future abide in His love.
The Active Voice, the disciple of Christ performs the action of the verb.
The Indicative Mood is for reality of the situation. If you are persistent in obedience to the Word of God you will abide in His love. So we say, “You will abide.”
EN is the Dative of Sphere Preposition for “in the sphere of.”
TE is the Dative, Feminine, Singular, Article for “the”.
AGAPE is the Dative, Feminine, Singular that means “love”. This is mental attitude love that emphasizes the subject who is expressing love inside of a personal relationship.
MOU, is the Genitive, First Person, Singular, Pronoun of EGO that means “of Me, or My”.
So the Apodosis is, “You will abide in the sphere of My love”.
Then we have, “just as I have kept My Father’s commandments and abide in His love”,
Which is: “KATHOS EGO TAS ENTOLAS TOU PATROS MOU TETEREKA KAI MENO AUTOU EN TE AGAPE.”
KATHOS is a Subordinating Conjunction that means, “According as, or just as.” Subordinating is a type of conjunction that introduces a dependent clause. A dependent clause depends or relies upon a main clause, which in this case is the preceding clause. So KATHOS means an exact analogy; therefore, “just as” is a good translation. This sets up the example of the prototype spiritual life of Jesus Christ under authority orientation to God the Father.
EGO is the Nominative, First Person, Singular, Pronoun “I or Me”. Here Jesus is referring to Himself.
TAS is the Article in the Accusative, Feminine, Plural, of HO for “the”.
ENTOLAS is the Accusative, Feminine, Plural of ENTOLE that means “commandments, command, order, or instruction.”
TOU is the Article in the Possessive Genitive, Masculine, Singular of HO for “of the”.
PATROS is the Possessive Genitive, Masculine, Singular of PATER which means “Father”, referring to God the Father’s Commandments for Jesus Christ.
MOU is a Pronoun in the Genitive, First Person, Singular from EGO for “My, or of Me.” Once again Jesus is referring to Himself
TETEREKA is from our Verb TEREO once again, but this time it is in the Perfect, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular.
The Perfect Tense stands for completed past action where the results exist at the present time, (in relation to the time of speaking). It represents the present state of affairs as a result of past action. It also denotes the continuance of completed action.
This is an Extensive Perfect Tense that emphasizes the completed action of a past action, “persistently observed the Father’s commandments”, from which a present state emerges, “abiding in His love.”
The Active Voice, Jesus is the one who has persistently observed the Father’s commandments.
The Indicative Mood is for the dogmatic fact of occurrence. Jesus “has persistently observed” His Father’s commandments.
KAI “and, even or also”, introduces the final clause which is the result of Jesus’ persistence in observing the Father’s commandments. So we will say, “and therefore.”
MENO is our Verb for “abide” once again, this time in the Present, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular.
The Customary Present Tense indicates an ongoing state. When Jesus is observing the Father’s Commandments, He is also residing in the Father’s sphere of love.
The Active Voice, Jesus is the one residing in the Father’s love.
The Indicative Mood is for the reality that Jesus is abiding in the Father’s love.
AUTOU is a Pronoun in Genitive, Masculine, Third Person, Singular of AUTOS which is “him or self”. Here in the Genitive it is “of His”, referring to God the Father’s love.
EN TE AGAPE are all in the Dative of Sphere for “in the sphere of love.”
So we have “just as I have persistently observed the commandments of My Father, and therefore abide in the sphere of His love.”
Our complete translation of John 15:10 is: “If, maybe you will and maybe you will not, persist in obedience to My commandments, then you will abide in the sphere of My love; just as I have persistently observed the commandments of My Father and therefore abide in the sphere of His love.”
Principles of Jesus Christ as the Prototypical Spiritual Life
The humanity of Christ, during His incarnation and First Advent, utilized the prototype spiritual life that relied on Divine power in the fulfillment of the Father’s Plan for the incarnation. During the First Advent, the humanity of Christ executed God’s Plan in the filling of the Spirit and with the Word of God resident within His soul inside God’s Power System (GPS), which was the prototype spiritual life.
Our Lord demonstrated for us how the power of God can be utilized by a member of the human race to overcome and be victorious. When our Lord operated inside God’s Power System, (Bible Doctrine in the Soul and Filled with the Holy Spirit), He was abiding in the love of God the Father.
The love of God the Father means in Grace He provided everything necessary for Jesus Christ to overcome sin and be victorious all the way through the Cross. That same love and power is also available to every Church Age believer. The operational-type spiritual life is now delegated so that the same Divine power that Christ had is available to Church Age believers for the fulfillment of God’s Plan for the Church Age.
Observing God’s mandates means procedure which is doing a right thing in a right way which means that the believer has residence, function and momentum inside God’s Power System (GPS), (i.e. His grace provision for the Church Age believer to also be victorious). Residing or abiding inside GPS also implies persistent and consistent living inside God’s Love.
Eph 1:19-22, “And what is the surpassing greatness of His power toward us who believe. These are in accordance with the working of the strength of His might 20which He brought about in Christ, when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places, 21far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come. 22And He put all things in subjection under His feet, and gave Him as head over all things to the church, 23which is His body, the fullness of Him who fills all in all.”
2 Cor 3:17-18, “Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. 18But we all, with unveiled face, beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory, just as from the Lord, the Spirit.”
The Church Age believer has an unveiled face when learning the mystery Doctrine of the Church Age which was hidden from Old Testament saints. From the teaching of Bible Doctrine, Jesus Christ becomes your best friend, and you move into the status of occupation with Christ. This is seeing the glory of the Lord in the mirror-Bible Doctrine. We look into the Bible to see the glory of the Lord. We are transformed into the same image of our Lord Jesus Christ in His humanity by studying Him daily in the mirror of the Word of God. “From glory to glory” refers to going from the glory of the Spirit-filled humanity of Christ in the prototype spiritual life to the glory of the Spirit-filled mature believer who executes the Plan of God inside the operational type spiritual life. That disciple resides in the Love of Christ.
“Yes—But …!” by Oswald Chambers
“Lord, I will follow You, but …” (Luke 9:61).
Suppose God tells you to do something that is an enormous test of your common sense, totally going against it. What will you do? Will you hold back? If you get into the habit of doing something physically, you will do it every time you are tested until you break the habit through sheer determination. And the same is true spiritually. Again and again you will come right up to what Jesus wants, but every time you will turn back at the true point of testing, until you are determined to abandon yourself to God in total surrender. Yet we tend to say, “Yes, but—suppose I do obey God in this matter, what about …?” Or we say, “Yes, I will obey God if what He asks of me doesn’t go against my common sense, but don’t ask me to take a step in the dark.”
Jesus Christ demands the same unrestrained, adventurous spirit in those who have placed their trust in Him that the natural man exhibits. If a person is ever going to do anything worthwhile, there will be times when he must risk everything by his leap in the dark. In the spiritual realm, Jesus Christ demands that you risk everything you hold on to or believe through common sense, and leap by faith into what He says. Once you obey, you will immediately find that what He says is as solidly consistent as common sense.
By the test of common sense, Jesus Christ’s statements may seem mad, but when you test them by the trial of faith, your findings will fill your spirit with the awesome fact that they are the very words of God. Trust completely in God, and when He brings you to a new opportunity of adventure, offering it to you, see that you take it. We act like pagans in a crisis—only one out of an entire crowd is daring enough to invest his faith in the character of God.
Then in Verse 11 we have, “These things I have spoken to you so that My joy may be in you, and that your joy may be made full.”
The Greek reads: “ Ταῦτα λελάληκα ὑμῖν ἵνα ἡ χαρὰ ἡ ἐμὴ ἐν ὑμῖν ᾖ καὶ ἡ χαρὰ ὑμῶν πληρωθῇ. “
Transliterated it is: TAUTA LELALEKA HUMIN HINA HE CHARA HE EME EN HUMIN HE KAI HE CHARA HUMON PLEROTHE.
In Verses 9 & 10 our Lord makes an issue out of love, AGAPE, a mental attitude love which is an internal love that indicates the condition of your soul, versus an external love like PHILEO that is based on outward attractiveness. Then He pauses briefly to speak of the benefits of having His love in Verse 11, which is Joy in your soul. Then He will go back to finishing His discussion on Love.
As we noted above, (AGAPE- a)gaph) is a mental attitude love strictly in the soul. Therefore, it is a specialized love in contrast to PHILEO (filew) and its non PHILOS. PHILOS is a general love, it includes what is in the soul and what is on the outside as well. But here we have AGAPE and then we CHARA which too is a condition of the soul, that which is functioning on the inside.
Remember that Love goes back to “the abiding life” in Verse 7, where the abiding life is found in the believer who is Occupied with the Person and Word of Jesus Christ, which means making Bible Doctrine the number one priority within your soul.
Therefore, the picture is set for us:
- Having the Word in your soul, 7,
- Means you will have the AGAPE love of God in your soul, 9-10,
- That means you will also have the Joy of Jesus Christ, +H inside your soul.
So you see, it all goes back to Bible Doctrine resident within your soul. Based on the condition of your soul, you will express the love of God and as a result have the Joy or +H of God.
So we begin with, “these things I have spoken to you”.
TAUTA – is a Near Demonstrative Adjective used as a Pronoun in the Accusative, Neuter, Plural of HOUTOS that means “this”. In the Plural it is “these” regarding the Doctrines Jesus has taught the disciples up to this point in the Upper Room Discourse. So we will say, “these Doctrines”.
LELALEKA – is a Verb in the Perfect, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular of LALEO that means “to talk or say”.
The Perfect Tense is for completed past action.
The Active Voice, Jesus is the one who has taught them numerous Doctrines.
The Indicative Mood is the fact of reality that Jesus has taught them verbally these Doctrines. So we will say, “I have spoken (taught verbally).”
HUMIN – is the Second Person, Plural, Pronoun of SU in the Dative case which means “to you all” referring to the disciples.
So we have, “These Doctrines I have spoken (taught verbally) to you all.”
Then we have, “so that My joy may be in you.”
HINA – is a conjunction noting purpose, so we say “in order that.” The purpose for learning Bible Doctrine in the past is to have God’s happiness (+H) in their souls now and into the future.
HE – is the article in the Nominative, Feminine, Singular of HO for “the.”
CHARA -is in the Nominative, Feminine, Singular, “joy, gladness, happiness” and can be used to identify either the cause or object of joy. It means that having Bible Doctrine in the soul has the benefit of Sharing the Happiness of God (+H) now and into the future.
HE – is again the article in the Nominative, Feminine, Singular of HO for “the.”
EME – is a Possessive Adjective in the Subject Nominative, Feminine, First Person, Singular of EMOS that means “My or Mine”. Here Jesus is referring to Himself and the Happiness that He has which can be ours when we too learn His Word.
EN – is the Dative of Sphere Preposition for “in the sphere of”.
HUMIN – is once again the Second Person, Plural, Pronoun of SU in the Dative case, that means “you all”, referring to the disciples who Jesus desired to receive +H. Jesus Christ is God. As God He always had +H, there never was a time when He didn’t have it; as man Jesus Christ has +H from His supergrace life. He wants this +H to go to His eleven believing Disciples and by extension to all Church Age believers.
HE – is from the Verb EIMI in the Present, Active, Subjunctive, Third Person, Singular that means “to be, is, are, etc.”
The Customary Present Tense tells us that the believer who has Bible Doctrine resident within their soul keeps on having the Happiness of God in their soul too.
The Active Voice says the believer produces the action of having +H.
The Subjunctive Mood is for potential based on the believer’s volitional responsibility. So we will say, “Might keep on being.”
So we have “in order that My joy (+H) might keep on being in the sphere of you all.”
Finally we have, “and that your joy may be made full”.
KAI – is the Coordinating Conjunction, “and, even or also.”
HE – is the Article “the” in the Nominative, Feminine, Singular.
CHARA – is once again the Noun in the Nominative, Feminine, Singular that means “joy” or +H, Sharing the Happiness of God.
HUMON – is a Pronoun in the Genitive, Second Person, Plural of SU that means “you”.
In the Possessive Genitive it is referring to the disciples joy, so we say, “of you or your”.
PLEROTHE – is a Verb in the Aorist, Passive, Subjunctive, Third Person, Singular of PLEROO that means, “To make full, fill up, or to complete.”
The Ingressive Aorist stresses the entrance into a state of being filled with the Happiness of God. It is stative; that means the believer with Bible Doctrine resident within their souls receive +H and they can go even further by being filled up with +H. They are made full with the Happiness of God.
The Passive Voice says the positive believer receives the action of the verb.
The Subjunctive Mood is again for potential based on the volitional responsibility of the believer. So we will say “might be made full”.
So we have, “and your joy (+H) might be made full.”
Our complete translation of John 15:11 is: “These Doctrines I have spoken (taught verbally) to you all (disciples), in order that My joy (+H) might keep on being in the sphere of you all, and your joy (+H) might be made full.”
This verse tells us there are two stages of Joy that the believer can have from Bible Doctrine,
- Basic Joy or +H which is the purpose of learning and having Bible Doctrine in your soul. When you have Doctrine cycling through your soul, you have the happiness of God.
- Full Joy +H which is being saturated with the joy of God, the purpose of consistently applying Bible Doctrine in spiritual maturity where you are consistently residing in the Joy of God.
As Jesus states later in John 17:13, “But now I come to You (Father); and these things I speak in the world so that they may have My joy made full in themselves.” (Parenthesis mine)
Doctrine of Joy
“My Joy … Your Joy” by Oswald Chambers. “These things I have spoken to you, that My joy may be in you, and that your joy may be full” (John 15:11).
What was the joy that Jesus had? Joy should not be confused with happiness. In fact, it is almost an insult to Jesus Christ to use the word happiness in connection with Him. The joy of Jesus was His absolute self-surrender and self-sacrifice to His Father—the joy of doing that which the Father sent Him to do—“… who for the joy that was set before Him endured the cross …” (Hebrews 12:2). “I delight to do Your will, O my God …” (Psalm 40:8). Jesus prayed that our joy might continue fulfilling itself until it becomes the same joy as His. Have I allowed Jesus Christ to introduce His joy to me?
Living a full and overflowing life does not rest in bodily health, in circumstances, nor even in seeing God’s work succeed, but in the perfect understanding of God, and in the same fellowship and oneness with Him that Jesus Himself enjoyed. But the first thing that will hinder this joy is the subtle irritability caused by giving too much thought to our circumstances. Jesus said, “… the cares of this world, … choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful” (Mark 4:19). And before we even realize what has happened, we are caught up in our cares. All that God has done for us is merely the threshold—He wants us to come to the place where we will be His witnesses and proclaim who Jesus is.
Have the right relationship with God, finding your joy there, and out of you “will flow rivers of living water” (John 7:38). Be a fountain through which Jesus can pour His “living water.” Stop being hypocritical and proud, aware only of yourself, and live “your life … hidden with Christ in God” (Colossians 3:3). A person who has the right relationship with God lives a life as natural as breathing wherever he goes. The lives that have been the greatest blessing to you are the lives of those people who themselves were unaware of having been a blessing.
The concept of joy is taken from the corrected translation of Phil 2:1-2, “Therefore, if there is any encouragement in Christ (and there is), if there is any comfort from virtue love (and there is), if there is any fellowship with the Spirit (and there is), if there is any mercy and compassions (and there is), bring to completion my joy that you might be thinking the same things, having the same virtue love, united in soul, intent on one objective.”
- There is encouragement from being in union with Christ.
- There is comfort from virtue love because you have entered the door of hope on God’s agenda into the unique spiritual life. 1 Cor 13:13.
- There is fellowship with the Holy Spirit per John 14:26 and 2 Cor 13:14.
- Being merciful and compassionate is a part of joy or happiness.
- Bringing your joy to completion is thinking on the other side of the door of hope; the integrity envelope of personal love for God the Father and impersonal love for all mankind.
- Your one objective is maximum glorification of God.
- The Hebrew noun SIMCHAH means joy or gladness and is synonymous with the Greek word CHARA.
Psa 16:11, “You will make known to me the path of life; in Your presence is fullness of joy; in Your right hand there are pleasures forever.”
Psa 119:111, “I have inherited Your testimonies forever, for they are the joy of my heart.”
Psa 149:5, “Let the godly ones exult in glory; let them sing for joy on their beds.”
The Hebrew word for “sing for joy” is RANAN, a primary root verb that means, “To give a ringing cry, cries of joy, joyfully sing.” Also the Hebrew noun RINNAH means a ringing cry: joy, joyful shout(ing) or joyful singing.
CHARA comes from the Greek noun CHAIRO which is a primary verb that means, “to rejoice, or be glad.” Therefore, the noun CHARA means, “joy, gladness, or happiness.”
Joseph Thayer defines the New Testament usage of CHARA as: joy, gladness, (the joy received from you, the cause or occasion of joy or of persons who are one’s joy).
The Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, Kittel, Vol IX, page 369, notes that the “eschatological significance of joy is connected with hope.” Therefore it is part of your confident expectation of what God has awaiting for you, Col 1:9-11.
Joy is a system of thinking Doctrine and is accompanied by enthusiasm for that Doctrine. Joy is thinking not emoting (exaggerated emotions).
John 1:4, “I have no greater joy than this, to hear of my children walking in the truth.”
Joy is good thinking resulting in good emotional response to that thinking. Joy is Doctrine circulating in the seven compartments in the stream of consciousness. Then as you go through the gate of hope on God’s agenda, it eventuates in sharing the happiness of God.
This joy has a response which includes animation in the soul, enthusiasm and exultation. Exultation is a liveliness of the spiritual victories that will come to you and with these victories the proper and true Biblical elation as a response to Doctrine, as the use of Doctrine in perception, metabolization, and application.
Joy must be defined as cognition. Joy is a system of thinking related to Bible Doctrine. From this cognition we have a response. The emotion is not the joy but the response to it.
Joy is inner liveliness caused by response to metabolized Bible Doctrine in the soul’s stream of consciousness. Joy is perception and metabolization of Bible Doctrine. Joy is animated thinking.
Joy is the reality of the spiritual life in the thinking of your soul. Joy is related to Christian fellowship in 1 John 1:3-4, because the purpose of Christian fellowship is perception of metabolization of Bible Doctrine in a Bible teaching situation under the mentorship of the Holy Spirit, “that your joy may be brought to completion.”
1 John 1:3-4, “What we have seen and heard we proclaim to you also, so that you too may have fellowship with us; and indeed our fellowship is with the Father, and with His Son Jesus Christ. These things we write, so that our joy may be made complete.”
Joy begins in spiritual childhood with the deployment of the basic Problem Solving Devices as a result of perception of basic Bible Doctrine. When the believer has confident expectation (hope) in God’s plan and purpose for his life and continues his momentum in the application of Divine integrity, he attains the objective of joy, which is synonymous with “Sharing the Happiness of God.” So joy begins in spiritual childhood but is enhanced and reaches its operational function as you move from orientation to the Word of God to confident expectation in the Plan of God into Divine integrity – Spiritual Maturity status.
Joy is both Sharing the Happiness of God (+H) and the invigorating response and lively excitement related to both the pleasure and exultation of possessing both an eternal and temporal relationship with God. Sharing the Happiness of God is joy brought to completion.
Joy is also the application of virtue and values in Occupation with Christ and rapport with God.
Rom 14:17, “For the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.”
1 Peter 1:8, “And though you have not seen Him, you love Him, and though you do not see Him now, but believe in Him, you greatly rejoice with joy inexpressible and full of glory.”
Rom 15:13, “Now may the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, so that you will abound in hope by the power of the Holy Spirit.”
Suffering for Blessing and Joy.
Mat 5:10-12; James 1:1-5, 12; 1 Peter 1:6-9
Mat 5:10, “Happy (μακάριος – MAKARIOS) are those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 11Happy are you when people insult you and persecute you, and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of Me. 12Rejoice (CHAIRO) and be glad, for your reward in heaven is great; for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.”
In the age of technology, one of the ways the Christian is insulted and persecuted is the constant bombardment of anti-Biblical view point. When the believer is called to endure persecution it does not mean to suffer physical harm with your mouth shut, but to have the mental fortitude so that the persecution does not negatively influence your thinking with the result that you give up your faith and lose the Joy of Jesus Christ that is resident within your soul. As Verse 11 states, “when people insult you and persecute you” that is both physical and mental abuse. Outside of the United States there is much of both for the believer. Inside the United State, for now, there is tremendous mental attack from Satan’s Cosmic System as the believer is continually bombarded with Cosmic Viewpoint.
“Happy are those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness” means maintaining and continuing with cognitive invincibility in the face of anti-Christical attacks that also come from our airwaves, the nightly news, the internet, radio, newspapers, etc.
If you focus too much on the messages the media is feeding you, you will succumb to Cosmic Viewpoint and fail in receiving the Joy of Jesus Christ.
James 1:2, “Consider it all joy (CHARA), my brethren, when you encounter various testings (Suffering for Blessing).”
The Greek word used here for “consider” is HEGEOMAI (Aorist, Middle Deponent, Imperative), which has two main meanings. The first is “to lead” as in having authority, and the second is “to suppose” which means to think, to consider, to regard. Both are important here as the believer is to have authority over their soul through the thinking / application of Bible Doctrine.
Thinking, considering and regarding is the liveliness of Bible Doctrine in the stream of consciousness, the stream of consciousness being operational. Therefore HEGEOMAI provides us with three explanations of joy.
- To Think means the reasoning of the conscious mind, the capability of reasoning, remembering, decision making, and application. Therefore joy means to employ the mind rationally and objectively in evaluation and application of Bible Doctrine (Divine Viewpoint). The mood of the Greek word HEGEOMAI is Imperative, which mandates the function of joy.
- To Consider means to think carefully in making decisions. Joy is the process of thinking, and careful thinking in making decisions. Joy is making a decision based on thinking in terms of Divine Viewpoint.
- To Regard means to concentrate, to value, to honor, to revere; therefore, to think in terms of high esteem, to evaluate the facts is joy.
Joy is thinking, considering and regarding.
This is an Imperative Mood, in which God makes a direct positive demand on the volition of the believer involved in Suffering for Blessing.
These verses apply only to the adult stage of the spiritual life. You are commanded to face Providential Preventative Suffering, Momentum Testing or Suffering for Blessing with joy; a system of thought based on cognitive self-confidence and the integrity envelope. This is thinking in terms of Bible Doctrine that does not use prayer as a Problem Solving Device. Instead it uses Bible Doctrine resident within your soul to stand firm (cognitive invincibility) against the attacks of anti-Biblical thinking that results in you having the Joy of Jesus Christ.
John 16:19, “Jesus knew that they wished to question Him, and He said to them, ‘Are you deliberating together about this, that I said, ‘A little while, and you will not see Me, and again a little while, and you will see Me’? 20Truly, truly, I say to you, that you will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice; you will grieve, but your grief will be turned into joy. 21Whenever a woman is in labor she has pain, because her hour has come; but when she gives birth to the child, she no longer remembers the anguish because of the joy that a child has been born into the world. 22Therefore you too have grief now; but I will see you again, and your heart will rejoice, and no one will take your joy away from you’.”
Heb 12:1-2, the power of this Joy was demonstrated on the Cross in the prototype spiritual life of our Lord Jesus Christ, “Therefore, since we have so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding us, let us also lay aside every encumbrance and the sin which so easily entangles us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, 2fixing our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of faith, who for the joy set before Him endured the cross, despising, (KATAPHRONEO – to think little of), the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God. 3For consider, (ANALOGIZOMAI – to think over, consider, ponder), Him who has endured such hostility by sinners against Himself, so that you will not grow weary and lose heart.”
- The maximum Problem Solving Device for our Lord Jesus Christ during the First Advent was Joy / Sharing the Happiness of God, which is a system of thinking. This system of thinking has been given to us during the Church Age.
- Joy / Sharing the Happiness of God and Occupation with Christ are two sides of the same coin as we have seen in John 15:7-11.
- Our Lord’s exhibited joy was the result of maximum metabolized Bible Doctrine circulating in His stream of consciousness, as a Problem Solving Device, as He endured the bearing of our sins on the Cross.
- One of the rewards Jesus received for enduring the Cross was having joy in the knowledge that He made possible reconciliation for the entire human race and that some would receive that reconciliation.
- Christ underwent all the misery and shame of the Cross that he might purchase for us everlasting life, and joy, and glory.
Joy and Emotions.
2 Cor 7:4, “Great is my confidence in you; great is my boasting on your behalf. I am filled with comfort; I am overflowing with joy in all our affliction.”
Psa 30:5, “Weeping may endure for a night, but joy comes in the morning.”
Neh 8:10, “Do not be grieved for the joy of the Lord is your strength.”
Emotion has no strength. Emotion is totally self-centered. For example, guilt is all emotion and is full of sin. It has no strength. Shame is a normal function of the soul, which is why it occurs at the judgment seat of Christ in resurrection body (1 John 2:28) and is not a sin. Shame is a normal function of understanding failure and regret of not using your time in a better way. Shame is normal and not sinful, guilt is abnormal and sinful.
How you feel is never the issue in the spiritual life. Phil 3:18-19 (appetite = emotions).
- When a person is motivated to perform works by how they feel and their emotions, they produce dead works (wood, hay and straw, 1 Cor 3:12).
- When a person is motivated to perform works by Bible Doctrine circulating in their souls, they produce Divine good works.
Lewis Sperry Chafer stated in His Systematic Theology, “It is clear, that the immaterial part of man originates not as a creation, but as a transmission.” Emotions were designed by God. In planning the creation of mankind, God said, “Let us make mankind in our shadow-image according to our likeness,” Gen 1:26. At that time Emotion was added by God to the essence of our soul as a free and gratuitous addition to the shadow-image. Therefore, mankind would have personality and would be a moral rational being. Mankind would have a soul that would be composed of volition, self-consciousness, a mentality, a conscience with the addition of emotion.
- In the Garden of Eden, perfect mankind functioned under four shadow-image principles (self-consciousness – I am, self-perception – I think, volitional options – I ought, and self-determination – I will) resulting in good emotion. Good emotion was added by God as an appreciator of the things in the soul.
- Emotion is what is experienced as distinguished from cognitive and volitional states of consciousness. Emotion is part of the essence of the soul. The soul resides in the brain.
- Emotion has two functions in life as a part of the soul; a normal and an abnormal function. The emotions of the soul are designed to respond to what is in the mentality of the soul.
- As a result of perception, metabolization and application of Bible Doctrine circulating in the stream of consciousness through the filling of the Holy Spirit, the believer responds in appreciation to God. That is good emotion. Good emotion came in the Garden of Eden before bad emotion, which came after the fall of man.
- Bad emotion began at the original sin and has continued throughout human history. Bad emotion was very much in evidence in the original sin of man. Bad emotion came in the form of tremendous guilt after the original sin. Bad emotion continued when Adam was afraid of the Lord, when He came looking for Adam, Gen 3:10.
Emotion is a result of cognition. Emotion is not a part of the spiritual life. It is the result of the spiritual life where in animation we express what is in our soul. We are not spiritual because we feel spiritual. The spiritual life is the cognition and function of the spiritual mechanics revealed in the Word of God, and it produces the purpose of the spiritual life; to reflect the integrity of God.
As a system of response and feeling, emotion does not contain the following.
- Emotion does not contain thought.
- Emotion does not contain the ability to reason.
- Emotion does not contain common sense.
- Emotion does not contain vocabulary as a tool for mental function.
- Emotion has no doctrinal content.
Etymology of Emotions.
The New Testament uses several Greek words for emotion.
- KOILIA is identified with the solar plexus, a part of the central nervous system. It is often translated “stomach, inner most or appetite” in scripture. Its Hebrew equivalents are MEEH, BETEN and QUEB. It originally meant some kind of hollow. Hypocrates, a physician, used this word for both the stomach and womb, but he did not correctly identify it as the solar plexus, which is often confused with the stomach. Phil 3:19, “Whose (the unbeliever’s) end is destruction, whose god is their appetite, and whose glory is in their shame, who set their minds on earthly things” (NASB). See also Prov 13:25, 18:8, 26:22; Rom 16:17-18.
- SPLAGCHNON represents the parasympathetic and sympathetic effects of emotion. It is the word for “intestines, heart, liver, or lungs”, often translated “bowels, guts or entrails” in the KJV. Its Hebrew equivalents are RACHAM and MEEH. SPLAGCHNON means feelings and affections as correctly translated in 2 Cor 6:12; Phil 1:8; 2:1, etc., in the NASB. See also 1 Kings 3:26; Jer 4:19, 31:20; Lam 1:20, 2:11; Phile 1:20.
- The noun NEPHROS is translated “minds” in Rev 2:23 in the NASB and “reins” in the KJV and is equivalent to the Hebrew KILYAH. It refers to kidneys or the fat pads of the kidneys. It is used to designate emotions, because the fat pads of the kidneys are used to protect the kidneys and the adrenal glands. The adrenal glands secrete many hormones, including adrenaline or epinephrine, which is the emotional hormone of “flight, fright and fight.” See also Psa 139:13; Prov 23:16; Jer 12:2, 20:12.
- While certain portions of the anatomy double for parts of the soul in the Bible, it is not difficult to distinguish the essence of the soul from the physiological anatomy of the body. For instance the Greek word KARDIA means heart and always refers to the area of thought in the soul. English words used in the Bible to describe the emotions include: bowels, belly, reins, etc.
The heart contains all thought and standards. The emotion, KOILIA, contains nothing, is empty, or hollow. Emotion is something empty and waiting to respond. Emotion contains no Doctrine, no thought, no common sense, and no ability to reason. If emotion controls the soul, you can not think or apply Bible Doctrine to life.
By definition, the emotions are the appreciator of the soul. By function, the emotions respond to the right lobe. The emotion is strictly a responder. It contains feeling. It is like an empty bag lined with sensitivity. It is sensitive to music, art, drama, the opposite sex, etc.
Emotion is not designed to assume authority over the soul, but is designed to be dominated by the KARDIA (right lobe of your soul).
Emotion has no ability to love. Thus, emotional revolt produces homosexuals and lesbians.
Capacity for life is related to the right lobe (KARDIA – heart of your soul), which is thought, not the emotions. You can enjoy life only by running your emotions in response to your thoughts.
The emotions of worry, anxiety and guilt all come from fear; they are the manifestation of fear. Fear is lack of thinking under pressure. Fear is the believer’s failure to apply Doctrine to the problems of life, of suffering, of disaster, and of failure. Hatred, anger, violence, and murder also come from fear. Scriptures related to fear as an illustration of sin include, Psa 56:3-4; 2 Tim 1:7; 1 John 4:18.
1 John 4:18, “There is no fear in love; but perfect love casts out fear, because fear involves punishment, and the one who fears is not perfected in love.”
Joy is far greater than emotion. It is sharing the happiness of God, a happiness that does not depend on circumstances.
Emotion Stimulates Happiness.
Prov 23:15-16, “My son, if your heart (right lobe) is wise (saturated with Bible Doctrine in application), my own heart also will be glad (+H); 16And my inmost being (KILYAH – emotions) will rejoice when your lips speak what is right.” (Italic mine)
Verse 15 says that happiness is in the right lobe and in Verse 16 the emotions respond as he becomes aware of what is in his right lobe. This is analogous to a Pastor who receives happiness and is able to expresses the happiness in his soul as joy from the knowledge that one of his students (MATHETES) is advancing and having impact in the Plan of God. Philemon 1:7, 20.
Our good emotions respond to the happiness in our soul just as a right woman responds in happiness and joy when her right man expresses joy to her.
The Frame of Reference in your Heart, (the right lobe of your soul), provides information for the Memory Center, which stimulates response in the emotions. Therefore, the emotions become a stimulus to happiness. They are not happiness; they make you aware that you are happy.
(Click Here to See Doctrine of the Heart) for more detail on the compartments of the heart and its inner-workings.
In addition, your conscience, which contains your norms and standards, also turns on your emotions. Therefore, in the spiritual life, your priesthood is stimulated to function when your emotion is turned on by your norms and standards that are based on the Word of God. Emotional response to your conscience causes you to have good emotions of pride knowing you are fulfilling the Plan of God for your life, Rom 15:17; 1 Cor 15:31; 2 Cor 7:4, 14; 11:10; Gal 6:4
Rom 15:17, “Therefore in Christ Jesus I have found reason for boasting in things pertaining to God.”
2 Cor 7:4, “Great is my confidence in you; great is my boasting on your behalf. I am filled with comfort; I am overflowing with joy in all our affliction.”
Gal 6:4, “But each one must examine his own work, and then he will have reason for boasting in regard to himself alone, and not in regard to another. 5For each one will bear his own load.”
The viewpoint in the right lobe provides stimulus or response from the emotions, as when you hear someone else speak Divine viewpoint. This stimulates a joyful response to your own viewpoint from Bible Doctrine.
Joy is Based on Having God’s Word in Your Soul with the Filling of God the Holy Spirit.
Joy is thinking God’s happiness in contrast to emotion or stimulated feelings often confused as a status of human happiness. Joy is a system of thinking based on God’s Word in your soul which elicits the response of good emotion.
The spiritual life runs on Divine power, never how you feel. Even good emotion will not get you back into fellowship.
Gal 5:22 tells us that Joy begins as the production “fruit” of the Spirit. “Joy, peace, etc.” are the reality words that describe the spiritual life. Peace is harmony with God, tranquility of soul. Joy is happiness in a system of thinking.
Rom 15:13, “Now may the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing (faith perception), that you may abound in hope (faith resting) by the power of the Holy Spirit.”
Joy and peace must be related to thinking because your fellowship is with invisible God. When you love someone you cannot see, you have a relationship with the invisible person through thinking, thinking, thinking.
The purpose of true Christian fellowship with God (the communication of Bible Doctrine) is the completion of your joy, 1 John 1:4.
1 John 1:4, “And these things we write (Bible Doctrine) that our joy may be brought to completion.”
The unbeliever cannot have joy, only the believer, because they do not receive the communication of God’s Word, John 15:11.
John 15:11, “These Doctrines I have spoken (taught verbally) to you all (disciples), in order that My joy (+H) might keep on being in the sphere of you all, and your joy (+H) might be made full.”
Joy based on Sharing the Happiness of God is the peak of emotional response in life. But even good emotional response is not the criterion for the spiritual life. You are never saved because you feel saved. You are never spiritual because you feel spiritual. A carnal believer cannot have a legitimate emotion related to the spiritual life. When you are out of fellowship, your emotion is not an issue. The issue is, name your sins to God in the privacy of your priesthood.
Joy is perfect happiness which produces good emotion as an appreciator of that happiness. Emotional revolt of the soul is bad emotion, Col 1:10d-11.
Col 1:10d-11, “…increasing in epignosis of God, strengthened with all power on the basis of the power of His glory, resulting in all perseverance and steadfastness associated with joy.”
Good emotions like joy always come from metabolized Bible Doctrine circulating in the stream of consciousness. Therefore, joy is the function of Sharing the Happiness of God at a point of maximum metabolized Doctrine circulating in the stream of consciousness, so that the emotions have something to appreciate that is good.
To have “the Joy of Jesus Christ” we must be imitators of the Lord and someone like Paul by use of the three spiritual skills. We do not imitate personality characteristics, because then you get into role model arrogance, and you have bad emotion. Instead we imitate the power they had within their souls from Bible Doctrine and the filling of the Holy Spirit, 1 Thes 1:6.
1 Thes 1:6, “You also became imitators of us and of the Lord, having received the word in much adversity associated with the joy of the Holy Spirit.”
Circumstances are not the issue in Sharing the perfect Happiness of God, Phil 4:4.
Phil 4:4, “Keep on rejoicing in the Lord at all times (regardless of the circumstances); again I say, keep on rejoicing!” (Italic mine.)
Maximum Bible Doctrine circulating in the stream of consciousness elicits the ultimate in good emotion, Phil 1:23-25.
Phil 1:23-25, “But I am hard-pressed from both circumstances (living or dying), having a desire to depart and be with Christ is far better; yet to remain on in the flesh is far better for your benefit, having become confident of this option (Personal Sense of Destiny), I know that I shall remain and continue with all of you resulting in your progress and joy in the faith (from Bible Doctrine).” (Italic mine.)
The Biography of Joy.
The infancy of joy is cognitive happiness related to the persistent function of the two power options (the filling of the Holy Spirit and metabolized Bible Doctrine in the stream of consciousness), the development and deployment of the basic Problem Solving Devices (Rebound, Filling of the Holy Spirit, Doctrinal Orientation, Faith Rest), and the inner soul thinking that produces a motivation and an animation to continue learning God’s Word. When you first begin to learn Doctrine, there is enthusiasm. When you first begin to understand some basic Doctrines, there is exultation; there is a liveliness in your soul. That means that Bible Doctrine has produced a spiritual animation, and this spiritual animation is the beginning of loving God.
The adulthood of joy is entering the door of hope (confident expectation) on God’s agenda through the deployment of the advanced Problem Solving Devices, (Personal Sense of Destiny, Personal Love for God, Sharing the Happiness of God, Occupation with Christ), fulfilling stages two and three of the adult spiritual life (Spiritual Autonomy and Spiritual Maturity). This is tantamount to the definition of “joy” as Sharing the Happiness of God.
Joy is not an emotion, but a system of Biblical cognition, (strength from God’s Power System – GPS), from which your emotions respond. Emotion is not a strength. Emotion comes and goes. Emotion is an appreciator, a responder, but is not the real thing. Bible Doctrine circulating in your stream of consciousness is your strength. The spiritual life is not emotion. The joy of the Lord is a strength to carry you through everything in life. The point of staying in this life after salvation is to come to love God and glorify Him. You do not even start living until you love God.
Joy is a system of cognition of Bible Doctrine. It is an integral part of the spiritual life. It is a system of thinking in terms of metabolized Bible Doctrine in the soul. It is the capacity for loving God. It is cognitive awareness of the spiritual life as you walk through and beyond the door of hope.
The Joy of Jesus Christ is truly understood in relationship to the Doctrine of Divine Love. While joy is a part of God’s agenda for entering the door of hope, it reaches its peak and completion in Sharing the Happiness of God.
The Difference Between Joy and Pleasure.
Both joy and love are thinking functions of the spiritual life in contrast to pleasure. Joy and love are thinking. Joy and love are associated with virtue righteousness and are in the soul (John 15:10-11), not in the emotions. Pleasure is emotion, it is in the emotions.
We must distinguish between joy and pleasure. Joy is a system of thinking with happiness related to love for God, while pleasure is a system of emotion.
There are some traps associated with pleasure. 2 Tim 3:4 describes the believer out of fellowship as “lovers of pleasure (PHILEDONES – PHILOS / HEDONE) rather than lovers of God (PHILOTHEOS).”
Pleasure is a state of feeling pleased, happy, delight, or satisfaction. It is a satisfaction derived from what is to one’s liking, a frivolous amusement or enjoyment which is not related to the Biblical word joy, Rom 14:17.
Rom 14:17, “For the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in (by the agency of) the Holy Spirit.”
The kingdom of God is described in terms of the word DIKAIOSUNE, which means our Lord’s permanent rule of the Church through the enactment of the unique spiritual life by which God rules the life of the believer through the power of the Holy Spirit and the formal documentation of the infallible Word of God.
Joy is the inner soul thinking that does not depend on circumstances, environment or pleasure. There is nothing wrong with most pleasures if you are in your spiritual life. But pleasure can become a very definite destruction to your spiritual life.
Joy is thinking Bible Doctrine. The result is peace, harmony, tranquility, rapport with God. Compare with 1 Thes 1:6; 1 Peter 1:8.
1 Thes 1:6, “Having received the Word of God under much pressure with the joy (from the source) of the Holy Spirit.”
Principles of 1 Thes 1:6
This joy under pressure is in contrast to pleasure. Regardless of the situation you can have the Joy of Jesus Christ in your life, Phil 4:10-13, 18-19
1 Peter 1:8, “And though you have not seen Him, you love Him, and though you do not see Him now, but believe in Him, you greatly rejoice with joy inexpressible, having been made glorious.”
Principles of 1 Peter 1:8
1 Peter 1:8 is in contrast to believers who are 2 Tim 3:4 believers, “lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God.” True joy is Occupation with Christ as a system of thinking, (“you have not seen and do not see Him, but believe in Him”), in contrast to emotion.
When 1 Peter 1:8 says, “Believe in Him” it is the actual function of the metabolization of Bible Doctrine. As a result, you rejoice to the maximum, “you greatly rejoice with joy inexpressible”.
“Having been made glorious” is the execution of the spiritual life that results in joy.
Authority Orientation and Joy.
Your authority orientation towards your Pastor/Teacher gives him great joy. It frees him from having to address various problems or situations that distract him from his main job – to study and teach, Heb 13:17.
Heb 13:7, “Remember those who led you, who spoke the word of God to you; and considering the result of their conduct, imitate their faith.”
You “remember” Pastors by attending Bible class, by praying for them, by understanding that they have an abnormal life and supporting them financially, 1 Cor 9:3-14; 1 Tim 5:17-18.
The issue of a Pastor’s way of life is their Bible Doctrine not their way of life. Are they faithful in studying and teaching the word?
Heb 13:16, “And do not neglect doing good and sharing, for with such sacrifices God is pleased.”
- We must, according to our power, give to the necessities of the body of Christ especially towards the needs of our Pastor/Teachers.
- The Pastor is totally dependent on the grace of God and the grace of the local assembly.
- We are commanded to give graciously in all aspects especially in providing for our Pastor, 2 Cor 9:7-8.
- God accepts these offerings with pleasure, and will accept and bless the offerers through Christ.
Heb 13:17, “Obey your leaders (Pastor/Teacher) and submit to them, for they keep watch over your souls as those who will give an account. Let them do this with joy and not with grief, for this would be unprofitable for you.”
“Obey” is from the Greek word PEITHO in the Present, Middle, Imperative with the Dative Case of HEGEOMIA that means “leader.” This means to abide by the teaching of your right Pastor Teacher and his delegated authority.
“Submit” is also an Imperative Mood in the Present Tense and Active Voice of HUPEIKO which is an old Greek compound that means, “to yield under, to give up or to give way to authority.” Ultimately it means, “to submit to authority.” It is used here only in the N.T. This means to humble yourself under the authority of your Pastor/Teacher. This is primarily wrapped up under his teaching authority which means you show up to class when he is teaching and in objectivity you learn from him.
So we have the dual command to obey and submit that brings together two systems of authority in the Royal Family: The right Pastor, plus the function of your own free will in positive volition toward Bible Doctrine.
Principle: Your obedience and submission to your Pastor/Teacher has a direct correlation to your obedience and submission to God.
“Keep watch over your soul”, is the Greek verb AGRUPNEO; from AGREUO that means to catch, take by hunting and HUPNOS that means “sleep”. So AGRUPNEO literally means, “to be sleepless or wakeful”, but comes to mean “to be alert, keep on the alert or to keep watch”.
Whether you believe it or not, the Pastor is a protector of your soul under the direct authority of God. He protects your soul by teaching pertinent Doctrines from God’s Word as led by God the Holy Spirit.
Jesus Christ is the ultimate Shepherd and Guardian of your soul, 1 Peter 2:25, “For you were continually straying like sheep, but now you have returned to the Shepherd and Guardian of your souls.”
He is the capital “S” shepherd and “G” guardian while the Pastor/Teacher under the delegated authority of God is the lower case “s” and “g”.
Jesus Christ’s guardianship comes from His Word, as taught by the Pastor/Teacher, through the enabling power of God the Holy Spirit.
“Not with grief” is the Greek verb STENAZO from STENO that means, “to moan, sigh, or groan.” So STENAZO means “to groan (within oneself)”. BDAG defines its usage here as, “to express oneself involuntarily in the face of an undesirable circumstance, to sigh or groan.”
This is in contrast to the Pastor having joy. If the congregation is not submitting to his authority by; not showing up to class, not obeying his teachings, not applying it in life, not supporting him fully financially, or honoring his administrative authority within the Church, there will be grief in his soul, just as the Spirit is grieved, Eph 4:30.
“This would be unprofitable for you”, is the Adjective ALUSITELES that means “unprofitable or of no advantage or help.”
The Pastor’s job is to study diligently so that you can learn the Word of God and apply it within your life. If your Pastor has any grief at all, he is hindered in performing his job which will negatively affect your soul and your spiritual life. At best you won’t be as fruitful as you could have been. At worst you will fall into reversionism and have misery of your own with loss of reward.
Heb 13:17, “Let them do this with Joy, (CHARA)”
- Pastors do not rule over you in the sense of telling you what to do, but in the sense of teaching you what God expects from you and how to execute His Plan. (As the PT walks as an example for you Heb 13:7, 18). You submit to the Pastor’s authority by listening to their communication of Bible Doctrine. Your duty to your Pastor/Teachers is to obey and submit to them, so far as what they are teaching is agreeable to the mind and will of God, made known in His Word. Compare with Heb 13:8-9.
- The pastor’s authority is established on the basis of the teaching of Bible Doctrine. The issue is not the man’s personality but the message. However, he does have responsibility to be a righteous man with a good reputation within and outside the church, 1 Tim 3:1-7; Heb 13:7.
- Since the Pastor’s authority is Bible teaching, his ministry does not violate the privacy of the individual priesthood. Therefore, the Pastor fulfills his responsibility under the mandates of 1 Tim 4:10; 2 Tim 4:2; 1 Peter 5:2.
2 Tim 4:2, “Preach the word. Be ready in season and out of season. Reprove, rebuke, exhort (when warranted by context), and do this with all patience and teaching.”
1 Tim 4:10, “For it is for this we labor and strive, because we have fixed our hope on the living God, who is the Savior of all men, especially of believers.”
R.B. Thieme Jr. translated it as, “For because of this (communication of Bible Doctrine), we work hard to the point of exhaustion, and we hang in there tough because we have confidence in the living God who is the savior of all men.”
- The believer should never think that he is too wise, too good or too great to learn Bible Doctrine from their Pastor. Regardless of a believer’s spiritual growth he must continually search the Scriptures. So far as the Pastor teaches according to God’s Word, the congregation ought to receive his instructions as the Word of God, which works in those that believe. It is in the interest of the hearers that the account their Pastor gives of them may be with joy and not with grief.
Phil 4:1 personalizes this concept, “Therefore, my brethren, loved ones (congregation who is respected for their faithfulness), deeply desired ones, my joy and my crown, keep on standing firm in the Lord (winners of the crown of righteousness), my loved ones.”
1 Thes 2:19‑20, “For who is our hope or joy or crown of exultation? Is it not even you, in the presence of our Lord Jesus at His coming? (At the judgment seat of Christ, those who have attained spiritual maturity are the crown of glory for the pastor.) 20For you are our glory and joy.”
- Faithful Pastor will deliver their souls, but the ruin of a fruitless and faithless people will be upon their own heads; they can only blame themselves.
- The more earnestly the congregation prays for their Pastor, the more benefit they may expect from their ministry.
- A good conscience has respect for all of God’s commands and is our duty, including this one (Heb 13:17).
- The equipping / perfecting of the saints in every good work (Eph 4:2), is the great thing desired by the positive Pastor/Teacher, as well as the desire of the Pastor to be fitted for the employment and happiness of heaven. He wants to be used by God.
- There is no good thing in us except that which is made by the work of God. The delegation of authority from God to the Pastor, who is abiding in Christ for His sake and by His Spirit, is the means by which God’s good is worked in us. God’s good in the positive believer is what brings joy to the Pastor/Teacher.
We build capacity for joy through Authority Orientation. Remember that Joy is inner liveliness caused by response to metabolized Bible Doctrine in the soul’s stream of consciousness. Joy is the reality of the spiritual life in the thinking of your soul. It is animated thinking as a result of God’s Word in your Soul. So our final points regarding “Authority Orientation and Joy” have to do with building capacity within your soul for joy by applying God’s Word to life’s situations where there is authority. When you apply God’s Word in life, your soul is freed from sin and the garbage of Satan’s Cosmic System that hinders happiness, and therefore you build capacity within your soul for the Joy of Jesus Christ, John 15:11.
Psa 89:15-18, “How blessed (happy) are the people who know the joyful sound (trumpet blast = authority orientation)! O LORD, they walk in the light of Your countenance. 16In Your name they rejoice all the day, and by Your righteousness they are exalted. 17For You are the glory of their strength, and by Your favor (Grace) our horn is exalted (military victory). 18For our shield belongs to the LORD, even to our King the Holy One of Israel (Jesus Christ).”
Authority Orientation towards governing authorities frees the soul so that the joy of God can come in, Rom 13:1-7; Titus 3:1-7; 1 Peter 2:13-17; Prov 21:15.
In Rom 13:1-7 & 1 Pet 2:13-17, “to be subject to” is the Greek verb HUPOTASSO and is in the Imperative Mood which is a command in.
In Titus 3:1 the word “remind” is in the Imperative Mood where Titus is commanded to remind believers of the command “to be in subjection to authority.”
Prov 21:15, “The exercise of justice is joy for the righteous, but is terror to the workers of iniquity.”
Workers who submit to their bosses have capacity for joy, Eph 6:5-8; Col 3:22-24; 1 Peter 2:18-19, 25; with 1 Tim 6:1-2; Titus 2:9.
Wives who submit to the authority of their husbands have capacity for joy. The husband has authority over the wife. The husband’s authority over his wife provides great happiness in category two love. This stabilizes category two love, Eph 5:22-24, 33b; Col 3:18; 1 Peter 3:1-6.
Children who submit to the authority of their Parents have capacity for joy, Eph 6:1-3; Col 3:20; with Ex 20:12; Deut 5:16; Prov 6:20; 23:22-25.
Rejection of authority carries responsibility, and results in a life of misery, unhappiness, disaster, and no human or Spiritual Self-Esteem, Rom 13:5.
Rom 13:5, “Therefore it is necessary to be in subjection …for conscience’ sake.”
Giving is Related to Joy, 2 Cor 8:2; 9:7.
2 Cor 8:2, “That in a great ordeal of affliction their abundance of joy and their deep poverty overflowed in the wealth of their liberality.”
Prayer should be conducted in the “joy of Jesus Christ”, Phil 1:4.
Phil 1:4, “Always offering prayer with joy in my every prayer for you all.”
The Word of God in your soul shared with others brings joy, Prov 12:20; 15:23; Eccl 2:26a.
Prov 12:20, “Deceit is in the heart of those who devise evil, but counselors of peace have joy.”
Prov 15:23, “A man has joy in an apt (very appropriate) answer, and how delightful is a timely word!”
Eccl 2:26a, “For to a person who is good in His sight He has given wisdom and knowledge and joy.”