The Book of Ephesians ~ Chapter 6:16 ~ The Armor of God Pt. 8 ~ Shield of Faith Pt. 2

Vol. 17, No. 20 – May 20, 2018

 5 20 18 Eph 6 vs 16 Armor of God Pt 8 Shield of Faith Pt 2 The WordEph 6:10-24, Stand in Warfare!

Vs. 16

Eph 6:16, “In addition to all (the first three pieces of armor), taking up the shield of faith with which you will be able to extinguish all the flaming missiles of the evil one.”

Faith is not a passive resignation to life like fate; rather, it is confidence that God will fulfill His promises and carry out His salvation plan.

Isaiah gives us a great example of faith, using the key words “quiet” and “confidence,” Isa 30:15. Notice the volitional responsibility we have to appropriate this faith.

Isa 30:15, “For thus the Lord GOD, the Holy One of Israel, has said, ‘In repentance and rest you will be saved, in quietness and trust is your strength.’ But you were not willing.”

In the OT, just as in the New, an individual’s relationship to God was grounded upon faith in His promises of grace and salvation. This concept is of the same essence as faith / righteousness in the NT, Hab 2:1, 4; cf. Rom 1:16-17; Gal 3:11; Heb 10:38.

Hab 2:1, “I will stand on my guard post and station myself on the rampart; and I will keep watch to see what He will speak to me, and how I may reply when I am reproved.”

Hab 2:4, “Behold, as for the proud one, His soul is not right within him; but the righteous will live by his faith.”

Rom 1:17, “For in it (the gospel) the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, ‘But the righteous man shall live by faith’.”

Heb 10:38, “But my righteous one shall live by faith; and if he shrinks back, my soul has no pleasure in him.”

Jesus instructed the disciples to depend upon God. In this respect faith contrasts fear, Mark 5:36.

In the Epistles PISTIS regularly describes the life of faith worked out by the Spirit in the heart of the positive believer, Rom 1:8; 2 Cor 5:7; Gal 2:20; Eph 1:15; Col 1:4; 1 Thes 1:3; 3:5; 1 Tim 6:12.

Gal 2:20, “I have been crucified with Christ; and it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself up for me.”

2 Cor 5:6-8a, “Therefore, being always of good courage, and knowing that while we are at home in the body we are absent from the Lord –7for we walk by faith, not by sight- 8we are of good courage…”

1 Tim 6:12, “Fight the good fight of faith; take hold of the eternal life to which you were called, and you made the good confession in the presence of many witnesses.”

The believer can:

  • Become strong in the Faith, Acts 16:5; Rom 4:20.
  • Be grounded and established in faith, Col 1:23.
  • Stand firm in the faith, 1 Cor 16:13; Eph 6:16.
  • Be “full of faith,” Acts 6:5; 11:24.
  • Be on the road to deeper faith, 2 Cor 10:15; 2 Thes 1:3.

Rom 4:20, “Yet, with respect to the promise of God, he (Abraham) did not waver in unbelief but grew strong in faith, giving glory to God.”

Acts 16:5, “So the churches were being strengthened in the faith, and were increasing in number daily.”

2 Thes 1:3, “We ought always to give thanks to God for you, brethren, as is only fitting, because your faith is greatly enlarged, and the love of each one of you toward one another grows ever greater.”

In Hebrews chapter 11, we have a lengthy series on the OT models of faith, the “visible heroes” of faith. These saints believed God’s promises, in spite of the apparent hopelessness of their circumstances. Without seeing the realization of the promises, they lived and died believing that the promised Messiah and Kingdom would one day come. Faith characterized their lives. We could say that they realized that “without faith it is impossible to please God,” Heb 11:6.

Heb 11:6, “And without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is and that He is a rewarder of those who seek Him.”

1 John 5:4, “For whatever is born of God overcomes the world; and this is the victory that has overcome the world—our faith.”

Taking our example from the OT visible heroes, to be an invisible hero in the Church Age, we need to understand how we build and apply faith in our lives according to the following designations of faith in the NT:

  • The Word of faith, Rom 10:8, (faith is found in the Word of God).
  • The law of faith, Rom 3:27, (not of human works, but trusting in God and His Word).
  • The obedience of faith, Rom 16:26; 1:5.
  • The righteousness which is by faith, Rom 4:13f.
  • The life of faith, Gal 2:20.
  • The walk in faith, 2 Cor 5:7.
  • The prayer offered in faith, James 5:15.
  • The work produced by faith, 1 Thes 1:3.
  • The battle of faith, 1 Tim 6:12; Eph 6:16.
  • The end result of faith, 1 Peter 1:9.

Each of these always occurs within the glorious framework of Christ’s redemptive work.

1 Tim 6:12, “Fight the good fight of faith; take hold of the eternal life to which you were called, and you made the good confession in the presence of many witnesses.”

Faith is also that which justifies, Rom 3:22; Gal 3:22-23, and “to believe” or “to begin to believe” are equal to being a Christian, Rom 13:11; 1 Cor 3:5; 15:2, which is the normative expression of the Christian. In other words, the one who has faith is doing what the Father calls for and is demonstrating the Christian way of life. On the other hand, the one who lacks in faith is not, and scarcely can call themselves a Christian, because it is not Christ who they are trusting in, but something or someone else.

The Christian, who has faith, is also one who is doing things for Christ in faith. This was the message of James in his book where he complements Paul’s teaching on justification by faith, Rom 3:28; 5:1; Gal 2:16; 3:11, 24; Cf. James 2:14-26. Whereas Paul tried to prevent someone from basing salvation upon works, James tells us that works must follow as the fruit of faith and as proof of salvation. He cautioned against a “faith” that rests upon an intellectual assent to the truth but lacks a life yielded and obedient to God. He was fighting the influx of Gnosticism that continues today, in both an organized and unorganized way. I say unorganized, in that some “grace” believers rest on their laurels of having believed in Jesus Christ for salvation and then live as they like in the world, Satan’s cosmic system. They do not continue in faith with Divine good production in their lives. Yet, the “Christian” is one who not only believed in Christ for salvation, but continues to trust in Him for every aspect of their life. Their works, done by faith and in faith, demonstrate the faith they had at salvation, which continues in their daily walk with Him.

Therefore, faith described as a shield, is not just the subjective attitude, but an objective, Divinely given reality in the life of the believer, 1 Cor 13:13; 1 Thes 5:8. All the attacks of Satan are hurled back by the fellowship the believer has in faith with God.

1 Cor 13:13, “But now faith, hope, love, abide these three; but the greatest of these is love.”

1 Thes 5:8, “But since we are of the day, let us be sober, having put on the breastplate of faith and love, and as a helmet, the hope of salvation.”

1 John 5:4, “For whatever is born of God overcomes the world; and this is the victory that has overcome the world—our faith.”

1 Peter 5:9, “But resist him, firm in your faith, knowing that the same experiences of suffering are being accomplished by your brethren who are in the world.”

Psa 5:12, “For it is You who blesses the righteous man, O LORD, You surround him with favor as with a shield.”

Therefore, the shield that the Christian soldier uses inside the Angelic Conflict is faith, a present faith in the Lord Jesus Christ for victory over sin and Satan’s cosmic system.

This is the only part of the full armor of God for which Paul indicates the effect it has, as he says next, “with which you will be able,” EN HO DUNAMAI.

DUNAMAI, δύναμαι is a verb that we are familiar with that means, “to be able, have power to do, or have capacity for.” It expresses the ability and capacity to accomplish something in deed, attitude, or thought. This is indicating the inherent power or ability we will have when we operate by faith in our Christian walk. We saw this word in verses 11 and 13, for the inherent ability we have to fight and be victorious in the Angelic conflict, when we put on the full armor of God. Here, with the “shield of faith,” we have a specific ability we can exercise and effect against the attacks of our enemy to be victorious in the battle.

In our passage, DUNAMAI is in the Future, Middle, Indicative, 2nd Person, Plural.

The Future tense tells us that subsequent to picking up and utilizing the shield of faith, we will have the ability to defeat the attacks of our foes.

The Middle Deponent voice, is active in meaning. When we seize the shield of faith, we will be able to thwart the enemy’s aggression towards us.

The Indicative mood is for the dogmatic reality of having this inherent power against Satan and his cosmic system, when we walk in faith.

Next is the ability or effect we have, “to extinguish,” which actually is the last word in this sentence in the Greek. It is the verb SBENNUMI, σβέννυμι that means, “to extinguish, quench, suppress, restrain, subdue, or stifle.” It is also used in Mat 12:20; 25:8; Mark 9:48, (and added in vs. 44, 46 in later copies of the gospel); 1 Thes 5:19; Heb 11:34.

The Culminative Aorist views the action as completed, “to extinguish” the flaming arrows.

The Active voice, the faithful believers are the ones who are able to extinguish these satanic arrows.

This is an Infinitive of results, indicating the results or accomplishment of putting on the Shield of Faith; you will be able to extinguish the flaming arrows.

This verb is used in three primary ways in classical Greek literature. Literally, it is used of extinguishing a fire. Similarly, it is used of liquids that “dry up,” and as a figure of speech, it can be used of anything that is checked, quenched, or quelled. We could also say “offset.” Therefore, when temptations to sin or perform human good come your way, you can offset them by walking in faith, i.e., apply God’s Word to the situation, whatever it may be.

In Mat 12:20, from the prophecy of Jesus Christ in Isa 42:3, it is said, “A battered reed He will not break off, and a smoldering wick He will not put out, until He leads justice to victory.” His faith carried Him to victory at the Cross. Regardless of the temptations hurled at Jesus, He would not be denied His faith walk in God the Father’s plan for salvation for the human race. Jesus would not waver or falter!

In Mat 25:8, regarding the foolish virgins, (i.e., unbelievers), having not enough faith, they will miss the 2nd coming of the Lord. “The foolish said to the prudent, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out’.” The unbeliever does not have faith in God or Jesus, and therefore will miss His coming.

In Mark 9:48, quoting Isa 66:24, it again speaks to the unbeliever who will be tormented for forever in the Lake of Fire, “where their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched.” Because of their rejection of Jesus Christ during their life in Him, they will spend eternity in the Lake of Fire where the sensation of burning will never stop. If they had just a little faith in Jesus Christ, they would avoid an eternity of faithlessness.

In 1 Thes 5:19, “Do not quench the Spirit,” the believer is commanded to not fall into reversionism or apostasy, which is a direct result of a lack of faith, leading to “quenching,” halting or stopping the ministry of God the Holy Spirit in their lives.

In Hebrews 11, it is used to demonstrate the power faith gave to the visible heroes of the OT.

Heb 11:33-34, “Who by faith conquered kingdoms, performed acts of righteousness, obtained promises, shut the mouths of lions, 34quenched the power of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, from weakness were made strong, became mighty in war, put foreign armies to flight.”

Like Daniel, his friends Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, received the power of God by faith to accomplish such things. The true power behind all of these was not man’s, but the power and ability (DUNAMAI) of God and His Word resident within their souls. When they appropriated by faith God and His Word in their lives, they accomplished great things. Therefore, as we see in our verse, Eph 6:16, we will be able to quench, (stop or overcome), the attacks (temptations) by Satan and his cosmic system.

In Lev 6:9 and others places, this word is used in the LXX to refer to the fire on the sacrificial altar which was never to be quenched. It was the imagery of the Christ’s sacrifice for our sins that is all sufficient and never revoked. It “burns” continually, meaning His one sacrifice endures forever and through it we have eternal security. His completed work for our salvation is what we are to trust in and rely upon for our daily walk, post-salvation.

Conversely, four times in the OT we are warned that the lamp of the wicked will be extinguished, Job 18:5-6; 21:17; Prov 13:9; 24:20. Because of their lack of faith, God will bring their lives to a conclusion.

Therefore, as we see in the usage of the word SBENNUMI, “extinguish,” throughout the Bible, we see that by faith in God, His Word, and Jesus Christ, man can extinguish the flames of hell and the flaming arrows Satan hurls at him. On the other hand, if man does not have faith in God then the flames of hell last eternally and the flaming arrows of Satan will penetrate leading to destruction of the soul.

The thing we will be able to “quench” or “stop” is, “all the flaming arrows,” which in the Greek is, PAS HO PUROO HO BELOS. In the Greek, BELOS comes first, then later comes PUROO. But we will follow the English reading.

Flaming” or “fiery,” is the Verb PUROO, πυρόω that means, “set on fire or burn.” Figuratively, it means, “to burn with desire, glow with heat, test, etc.” It is the 2nd to last word in the Greek sentence. It is in the Perfect, Passive, Participle, Accusative, Plural.

The New Testament uses PUROO only in the passive, “to be set on fire, burn up, to be ignited, kindled, to burn, or flame.” It is used in 1 Cor 7:9; 2 Cor 11:29; 2 Peter 3:12; Rev 1:15; 3:18. It is closely related to the noun PUR, which from the time of Homer (8th Century B.C.), refers to “fire” in its various forms whether in nature or produced by man. In our passage, it is used to describe the intensity of the temptations Satan and His cosmic system hurl at you.

The Intensive Perfect tense, is for completed past action where the results continue to the present. In other words, these arrows have already been set on fire by Satan and continue to burn. It is part of his overall master plan to thwart God’s overall Plan for mankind and His plan for your life. He set his evil plan in motion long ago, and when it involves you, it is just as intense as it was at the foundation of the world. In this we see Satan’s master plan of temptation of “appetite, beauty, and ambitious pride,” 1 John 2:16; cf. Mat 4:1-11; Gen 3:6.

The Passive voice, means the arrows received the burning fire by another, in this case, Satan.

In the OT, PUROO is used in the LXX, usually referring to the process of smelting or refining by fire, e.g., Psa 12:6; Zech 13:9. The smelting or testing process establishes the product as approved and makes it more pure. So, this PUROO in regard to “flaming arrows,” alludes to being tempted by Satan, which in fact, is a testing by fire. When these flaming arrows come at us, our soul is refined by their fire when we apply faith, either reproved or purified, 1 Peter 1:6f; 4:12; 5:10; cf. James 1:2

1 Peter 4:12, “Beloved, do not be surprised at the fiery ordeal among you, which comes upon you for your testing, as though some strange thing were happening to you.”

1 Peter 1:6, “In this you greatly rejoice, even though now for a little while, if necessary, you have been distressed by various trials.”

1 Peter 5:10, “After you have suffered for a little while, the God of all grace, who called you to His eternal glory in Christ, will Himself perfect, confirm, strengthen and establish you.”

Therefore, the flaming arrows hurled at us by Satan are a testing process for our souls, to refine it to be purer and purer as God draws us closer to Himself. This was the case of the humanity of our Lord, as seen in the results of Rev 1:15, which also should be ours, Rev 3:18.

Rev 1:15, “His feet were like burnished bronze, when it has been made to glow in a furnace, and His voice was like the sound of many waters.”

Rev 3:18, “I advise you to buy from Me gold refined (PUROO) by fire (PUR) so that you may become rich, and white garments so that you may clothe yourself, and that the shame of your nakedness will not be revealed; and eye salve to anoint your eyes so that you may see.”

As Psa 119:140 tells us, we should love the Word of God because it has already been made pure, and therefore becomes power and strength for us when we are tempted by Satan.

Psa 119:140, “Your word is very pure, therefore Your servant loves it.”

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If you would like more information on this subject, you may watch/listen to lesson:
#18-052 & 18-053 & 18-054

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If you have never accepted Jesus Christ as your Lord and Savior, I am here to tell you that Jesus loves you. He loves you so much that He gave His life for you. God the Father also loves you. He loves you so much that He gave His only Son for you by sending Him to the Cross. At the Cross Jesus died in your place. Taking upon Himself all of your sins and all of my sins. He was judged for our sins and paid the price for our sins. Therefore, our sins will never be held against us.

Right where you are, you now have the opportunity to make the greatest decision in your life. To accept the free gift of salvation and eternal life by truly believing that Jesus Christ died for your sins and was raised on the third day as the proof of the promise of eternal life. So right now, you can pause and reflect on what Christ has done for you and say to the Father:

“Yes Father, I believe that Your Son, Jesus Christ,
died on the cross for the forgiveness of my sins.”

If you have done that, I Welcome You to the Eternal Family of God !!!

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