The Book of Ephesians ~ Chapter 5:8-9 ~ Doctrine of Light, Pt 2 & The Fruit of the Light, Pt 1. Goodness

Vol. 16 No. 6 – February 5, 2017

 eph 5 vs 9 for 2 2 17 notesVs. 8, The contrast between our former life as an unbeliever and our present life as a believer.

Eph 5:8, “For you were formerly darkness, but now you are light in the Lord; walk as children of light.”

The Doctrine of Light, (continued).

  • Being saved by faith in Jesus Christ brings the believer out of darkness into light, just as the planet earth was brought out of darkness into light by God, Luke 1:79; Eph 5:8; 1 Peter 2:9.

Luke 1:78-79, “Because of the tender mercy of our God, with which the Sunrise from on high shall visit us, 79TO SHINE UPON THOSE WHO SIT IN DARKNESS AND THE SHADOW OF DEATH, (Isa 9:2), to guide our feet into the way of peace.”

  • To have fellowship with God we must walk in the Light, 1 John 1:5-7; 2:8-10; 1 Thes 5:5-9, cf. Isa 59:17; Eph 3:9; 5:8-13; 6:14, 17.
  • Bible doctrine in the soul through the function of GAP is portrayed by light, Psa 18:28; 119:105, 130: Prov 6:23.

Psa 119:105, “Your word is a lamp to my feet, and a light to my path.”

Psa 119:130, “The unfolding of Your words gives light; it gives understanding to the simple.”

Prov 6:23, “For the commandment is a lamp, and the teaching is light; and reproofs for discipline are the way of life.

  • The Edification Complex of the Soul is constructed from the light of Bible doctrine entering and residing in the soul of the believer, Psa 43:3; 119:130; Rom 13:12; Eph 5:8; 1 John 2:8. Therefore, light is synonymous with the spiritual life, Mat 5:16, and believers can be the source of this life for the rest of the world, Mat 5:14.

Mat 5:16, “Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.”

  • Existence in the light has ethical consequences. In order to remain in the light, your conduct must reflect a vibrant relationship with the Light. Rom 13:12, “Put on the armor of light,” is synonymous with Rom 13:14, “Put on the Lord Jesus,” as with Eph 6:11, “Put on the full armor of God.”

All three of these signify an ethical response, cf. 2 Cor 6:14; Eph 5:9, “For the fruit of light, consists in all goodness, righteousness, and truth.” Cf. 1 John 1:7; 2:10, as noted above regarding fellowship and purity.

  • Light depicts the believer’s entrance into the Supergrace life, 2 Cor 4:6; Eph 5:14-21, at which time the believer reflects the light of Bible doctrine.

2 Cor 4:6, “For God, who said, ‘Light shall shine out of darkness,’ is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.”

  • God is seen in terms of the relationship between light and life. The Light, i.e., Jesus, was the life of men, John 1:4; cf. 8:12. As the Light himself, Jesus entered the world to bring life to those living in darkness, John 3:19; 8:12. God is light, 1 John 1:5; cf. James 1:17; if we live and believe in Him, in the light, we have life, John 8:12; cf. 11:10; 12:35, 36, 46, and we are children of light, John 12:36; Eph 5:8; cf. Mat 5:14; 1 Thes 5:5.

1 Thes 5:5, “For you are all sons of light and sons of day. We are not of night nor of darkness.”

  • You should never be ashamed or embarrassed about the light. You should show it to the entire world, Mat 5:15; Luke 8:16.

Luke 8:16, “Now no one after lighting a lamp covers it over with a container, or puts it under a bed; but he puts it on a lampstand, in order that those who come in may see the light.”

  • Satan disguises himself as an angel of light, 2 Cor 11:14-15; cf. 2 Cor 4:4.

2 Cor 4:2-7, “But we have renounced the things hidden because of shame, not walking in craftiness or adulterating the word of God, but by the manifestation of truth commending ourselves to every man’s conscience in the sight of God. 3And even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing, 4in whose case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelieving, that they might not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God. 5For we do not preach ourselves but Christ Jesus as Lord, and ourselves as your bond-servants for Jesus’ sake. 6For God, who said, “Light shall shine out of darkness,” is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ. 7But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the surpassing greatness of the power may be of God and not from ourselves.”

As our passage, Eph 5:8, tells us, we are not light on our own, but we are light because we are in union with Jesus Christ, we are light, “in the Lord,” EN KURIOS, which signifies the sovereignty and authority of Jesus Christ over our lives. He is our Lord and master.  Through the saving work of Jesus Christ on the Cross, we have been removed from darkness, (sin and death), and entered into light, (holiness, righteousness, and life). Through His Word we are transformed from ignorance to that of cognizance of His plan, will, power, and strength.

This is the secret of all holiness. In our humanity, we are not the light and we are not expected to have light in our persons. But we have Jesus and show Him to the world. He is the light that shines from our eyes, our manners, and our tones. We are mere candlesticks to permit others to see Him. We do not stand before the people of the world and tell them we are strong. We tell them that Christ is strong and that we use His strength. We do not tell them that we are wise. We tell them that Christ is wise and we simply use His wisdom. We do not have faith, but we have Christ’s faith, and we draw from it moment by moment to glorify Him and not ourselves.

And remember the contrast. We are not to be “deceived with empty words,” as we were in our former unbelieving life. That deception and the one trying to deceive us as believers is the father of deception, Satan himself, as he disguises himself as an Angel of Light, 2 Cor 11:14-15.

Prov 13:9, “The light of the righteous rejoices, but the lamp of the wicked goes out.” Cf. Job 18:5-6.

Ecc 2:13, “And I saw that wisdom excels folly as light excels darkness.”

Vs. 9

Eph 5:9, “(For the fruit of the light consists in all goodness and righteousness and truth).”

First off, there is no verb in this sentence in the Greek, which is fairly common. So, to translate it into English we need to add one. “Consists” is the added verb in the NASB. The KJV uses “is.”

Also, this brings us back to Eph 4:24, where the New Man is to be “put on,” that is we are to walk in the New Man, (i.e., Divine Good Production (DGP), the “Fruit of the Light”).

Eph 4:24, “And put on the new man, which in the likeness of God has been created in righteousness and holiness of the truth.”

Notice that the New Man was created in “righteousness, holiness, and truth.” As such he is to walk in the same. And “holiness,” HOSIOTES meaning, “piety, holiness, devoutness, or humbly observing,” is replaced in our Eph 5:9, with “goodness,” AGATHOSUNE meaning, “goodness, or the zeal for goodness.” To be holy, means to be good too.

This verse begins with HO GAR, where GAR, “for,” always comes second in Greek but first in English. It is used here to indicate a parenthetical concept regarding “the fruit,” KARPOS “of the Light,” HO PHOS. It also tells us that the sentence which was begun in vs. 8, will be concluded in vs. 10, as this parenthetical concept interrupts.

KARPOS, καρπός can be used for literal, “fruit or produce,” but also means, “production, results, or outcome.” Sometimes it is used for offspring. Here it means Divine Good Production, and is synonymous with “the fruit of the Spirit,” Gal 5:22, which is how some ancient Greek texts read, which led the KJV to use that phrase. But a vast majority of ancient texts use PHOS and not PNEUMA, therefore we have, HO KARPOS PHOS, for “the fruit of the light.” Regardless of the translation, it means the same thing regarding man, but its emphasis in our text remains on “light” and not the Holy Spirit. That comes later in vs. 18. Therefore, in this passage we are talking about Divine Good Production as a result of having “light” in your spiritual walk. It means Divine Good Production from the source, “the Light”, which is Jesus Christ. Having God’s Word, being filled with the Spirit and living in holiness and righteous is what is in view, as stated in the last part of this passage.

Consists in” is simply the Dative Preposition EN in the Dative of Rule or Standard. As such, EN can be translated “according to the standard of.” In that “standard,” we have the production of light stated not in detail, but in three generalities which become principles of Divine Good Production (DGP), rather than the eliciting of production categorically. In other words, these three things categorize DGP rather than stating the means of DGP. Production is always a result, it is never the means, as we also see in, Gal 5:22.

Gal 5:22, “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law.”

This is the production resulting from Bible doctrine in the soul, the production of the ECS, the production of the super-grace life. It is a reference to production from experiential sanctification and/or progress in the Christian way of life.

The three general categorizations are each emphasized by the word, “all”, PAS meaning “all or every,” which encompasses the entirety of the action of producing Divine Good along with its results, but more importantly tells us of the perfection of Divine Good Production in three descriptive terms. Each one of these represents some facet of the principle of the production/fruit of light; not actual cases of production, but the principles.

The three categorizations are “goodness and righteousness and truth,” which are the Dative case of the nouns AGATHOSUNE, DIKAISOSUNE, and ALETHEIA, with the correlating or coordinating Conjunction KAI for “and,” in between.

Goodness,” AGATHOSUNE, ἀγαθωσύνη means, “goodness or the zeal for goodness.” It is used in Rom 15:14; Gal 5:22; Eph 5:9; 2 Thes 1:11. It first appears in Greek literature in the Septuagint. The word is formed from the Adjective AGATHOS, which means intrinsic good, plus the suffix SUNE, which denotes quality. It is a quality properly belonging to believers, Rom 15:14, but it comes from having a relationship with God, 2 Thes 1:11. It may also imply generosity. Therefore, it is the principle of intrinsic goodness, a goodness that is always good that is the principle of Divine Good. In other words, it is good based upon Bible doctrine.

It is why we have been made a new creature in Christ, Eph 2:10, “For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them.”

God did not give us salvation for salvation’s sake only. No! We are saved to also produce for God. In addition, while salvation is entirely of God, so are the good works that follow salvation. God has ordained the entire process and placed them in His Decree for mankind. God is behind the entirety of our salvation and our spiritual life from start to finish. As such, He gets all the glory.

When you walk by faith, God has prepared a path of good works for you which He performs in and through you. This does not mean doing a work for God; instead, it is God performing His work in and through the believer, Phil 2:13, “For it is God who is at work in you, both to will and to work for His good pleasure.”

Walking in these good works which God has prepared for you implies a consistent and lifelong process. Once you are saved, the direction of your life should be to walk on the path of obedience to God in everything. When you do, it is “all goodness.”

To better understand the “goodness” we can produce, we need to better understand the “goodness” that is God. In relation to God, goodness can be defined as His benevolent concern for His creatures, Mat 5:45; Acts 14:17. It also includes that which is within God, His holiness, and that which proceeds from God, His love. The specific terms employed in setting forth the goodness of God are:

Benevolence, (kind intention, good pleasure – EUDOKIA; kindness – CHRESTOTES), is goodness in its generic sense as embracing all His creatures and securing their welfare, Eph 1:5, 9; Phil 2:13; Titus 3:4.

Mercy, is God’s goodness exercised on behalf of the need of His creatures. Mercy is everything that God has done for the sinner, Rom 11:30. God’s mercy alone goes out to every living creature.

Rom 11:30, “For just as you once were disobedient to God, but now have been shown mercy because of their disobedience.”

Grace, is God’s free action on behalf of those who are meritless; the freedom to act that has been secured through the death of Christ. It is that in God which acts freely to save because all the demands of holiness have been satisfied. It is all that God does for the believer, Isa 30:18; Eph 2:8-9.

Isa 30:18, “Therefore the LORD longs to be gracious to you, and therefore He waits on high to have compassion on you. For the LORD is a God of justice; how blessed are all those who long for Him.”

Love, it is that in God which existed before He would care to exercise mercy or grace. It is God’s motivation to save the sinner by providing a Savior, and to provide all logistical grace blessings to the believer for production of the light, cf. Eph 5:1, 8.

The terms, mercy, grace, and love appear in the context of Eph 2:4-5, cf. Ex 33:19.

Eph 2:4-5, “But God, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, 5even when we were dead in our transgressions, made us alive together with Christ, (by grace you have been saved).

Ex 33:19, “And He said, “I Myself will make all My goodness pass before you, and will proclaim the name of the LORD before you; and I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show compassion on whom I will show compassion”.”

All combined, they represent God’s goodness towards man, which is also called His “lovingkindness,” 2 Sam 2:6; Psa 118:1-29; 136:1-26.

2 Sam 2:6, “Now may the LORD show lovingkindness (CHESED) and truth to you; and I also will show this goodness (TOBAH) to you, because you have done this thing.”

Psa 118:1-4,
“Give thanks to the LORD, for He is good (TOB); for His lovingkindness (CHESED) is everlasting.

2Oh let Israel say, “His lovingkindness is everlasting.”

3Oh let the house of Aaron say, “His lovingkindness is everlasting.”

4Oh let those who fear the LORD say, “His lovingkindness is everlasting”,”

To live the spiritual life, we too must be full of the goodness, (AGATHOSUNE), of God and exercise it daily. That means we must show benevolence, mercy, grace, and love towards our fellow man, both believers and unbelievers. When we do we produce the fruit of the light, Rom 15:14; Gal 5:22; Eph 5:9; 6:7; Phil 2:13; 2 Thes 1:11; Philemon 1:14.

Rom 15:14, “And concerning you, my brethren, I myself also am convinced that you yourselves are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, and able also to admonish one another.”

2 Thes 1:11-12, “To this end also we pray for you always, that our God will count you worthy of your calling, and fulfill every desire for goodness (AGATHOSUNE) and the work of faith with power, 12so that the name of our Lord Jesus will be glorified in you, and you in Him, according to the grace of our God and the Lord Jesus Christ.”

Philemon 1:14, “But without your consent I did not want to do anything, that your goodness should not be as it were by compulsion, but of your own free will.”


If you would like more information on this subject, you may watch/listen to lesson #’s:

17-013 & 17-014



If you have never accepted Jesus Christ as your Lord and Savior, I am here to tell you that Jesus loves you. He loves you so much that He gave His life for you. God the Father also loves you. He loves you so much that He gave His only Son for you by sending Him to the Cross. At the Cross Jesus died in your place. Taking upon Himself all of your sins and all of my sins. He was judged for our sins and paid the price for our sins. Therefore, our sins will never be held against us. Right where you are, you now have the opportunity to make the greatest decision in your life.

To accept the free gift of salvation and eternal life by truly believing that Jesus Christ died for your sins and was raised on the third day as the proof of the promise of eternal life. So right now you can pause and reflect on what Christ has done for you and say to the Father:

“Yes Father, I believe that Your Son, Jesus Christ, died on the cross for the forgiveness of my sins.”

If you have done that, I welcome you to the eternal Family of God!

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