Vol. 14 No. 35
Next in vs. 20 we have, “… and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places.”
“And seated him” is the Aorist, Active, Participle of KATHIZO, καθίζω which means, “to sit, sit down, set down or appoint.” It should read “and having seated.” This refers to the ascension of Jesus Christ and His session at the right hand of God the Father.
“At His right hand,” EN AUTOS DEXIOS. The phrase “right hand” means a place or position of strength and power.
“In the heavenly places,” is EN HO EROURANIOS that is literally, “in the heavenlies.”
The Session of our Lord Jesus Christ occurred after He ascended to heaven, which was 40 days after His resurrection. At that time He was seated in His resurrection body at the right hand of God the Father.
The power that resurrected Jesus Christ is the same power that seated Him, and is the same power that is available to the believer today. As we have seen in this verse, this power always operates “in Christ.” In other words, believers cannot do with this power what they choose, but its use must conform to the direction given by Christ, the head of the Church. As such, the proper exercise of this power requires continuous faith in Christ, just as we believed in Him at our conversion.
As we have noted, the resurrection of Jesus Christ was the greatest possible manifestation of God’s power. Now in “seating Him at His own right hand,” it speaks to the position of authority He has.
Notice the progression in Paul’s description of the power of God available to help believers grow in Christ. First, he made a strong appeal about realizing the necessity. He continues by saying that the power must operate through Christ. And lastly, he used the greatest example of the power of God, the resurrection and session of Jesus Christ.
This event is eternally and cosmically significant, for it demonstrates both Christ’s victory over death and His ongoing authority over all. Christ’s position at God’s right hand is one of favor, honor and power, e.g., 1 Kings 2:19; Jer 22:24; Psa 44:3.
Doctrine of the Session of Jesus Christ.
There are many passages which refer to the session of Christ at the right hand of the Father, Mat 26:64; 28:18; Mark 12:36; 14;62; Luke 20:42; 22:69; Acts 2:25, 33-34; 5:31; 7:55-56; Rom 8:34; 1 Cor 15:27; Eph 1:20; 2:6; Col 3:1-4; 1 Tim 6:15; Heb 10:12; 12:2; 1 Peter 3:22; Rev 3:21; 4:2; 17:14; 19:16.
His session began right after He ascended to Heaven, 40 days after His resurrection.
The Ascension is that doctrine of Christology pertaining to the transfer of our Lord’s true humanity from planet earth to the third heaven in a resurrection body, Acts 1:9‑11.
The Session is that doctrine of Christology pertaining to the glorification of our Lord’s humanity at the right hand of the Father.
These doctrines are closely related to and based on the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead. If Christ remained on earth, He would have a limited glory, but when He went to the third heaven He became superior to all creation and therefore had unlimited glory. These two doctrines of Ascension and Session combine to form the climax of the strategic victory of Christ in the Angelic Conflict, Heb 1:3, 13.
Heb 1:3, “And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high.”
Heb 1:13, “But to which of the angels has He ever said, “SIT AT MY RIGHT HAND, UNTIL I MAKE THINE ENEMIES A FOOTSTOOL FOR THY FEET”?”
2. Prophecy of His Session.
His Session fulfilled the prophecy of Psa 110:1, “The Lord (God the Father) said to my Lord (God the Son), `Sit down at My right hand until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.’”
The session of Christ was a fulfillment of prophecy since David prophesied that the Messiah would be seated at God’s right hand.
Our Lord repeated this prophecy to the Jews in Mat 22:44. Our Lord stated to them in vs. 45, “If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his son?’” They could not answer Him, because the answer is that David’s descendant would have to be God incarnate in order to fulfill the Davidic prophecy, which they did not want to do.
In Mat 26:64 and Mark 14:62, Jesus also said to Caiaphas, “You will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power.” This is a reference to Dan 7:13, in which Daniel sees a vision of “one like a son of man coming to the Ancient of Days.”
This prophecy is also quoted a number of other times in the New Testament, Mark 12:36; Luke 20:42-43; Acts 2:34-35; Heb 1:13, 10:12-13. It is quoted so often because it is very important.
Jesus fulfilled this prophecy when He was seated at the right hand of God the Father in heaven.
3. Jesus Christ had to be Seated to Resolve the Angelic Conflict.
The session of Jesus Christ came with His strategic victory in the Angelic Conflict, when He returned from Hades 1 Peter 3:18-22, “For Christ also died for sins once for all, the just for the unjust, in order that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit; in which also He went and made proclamation to the spirits now in prison, who once were disobedient, when the patience of God kept waiting in the days of Noah, during the construction of the ark, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through the water. And corresponding to that, baptism now saves you-not the removal of dirt from the flesh, but an appeal to God for a good conscience-through the resurrection of Jesus Christ, who is at the right hand of God, having gone into heaven, after angels and authorities and powers had been subjected to Him.”
His victory over sin and death at the Cross led to all powers and authorities (fallen angels and unbelieving man) being subjected to Him.
4. His Session is Related to the Efficacy of His Sacrifice on the Cross.
Act 5:31, “He is the One whom God exalted to His right hand as a Prince and a Savior, to grant repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.”
Heb 10:12, “But this one (Jesus Christ in contrast to the Old Testament sacrifices), when He had offered one unique sacrifice as a substitute for our sins for all time, sat down at the right hand of God.”
The work of Jesus Christ on the Cross is efficacious. When he received the imputation of our sins and God the Father judged them that settled the sin question for all time. To indicate the efficacy of His sacrifice, our Lord sat down at the right hand of God. In physical death, our Lord’s work was completed. Just before His death He said, “TETELESTAI,” which means “it is finished in the past with the result that it stands finished forever.” So the resurrection, ascension, and session are the verification of the efficacy of our Lord’s saving work on the Cross.
5. The Present Session of Jesus Christ and His Sovereign Rulership.
The session is an indication of the authority of Christ. The fact that the Lord Jesus Christ controls history is directly related to His present session, which completes the process of promoting Him as sovereign ruler of history. The Lord Jesus Christ’s session at the right hand of the Father points to His kingship, Rev 4:2.
The strategic victory of Jesus Christ in the great power experiment of the hypostatic union is related to the award of His third royal patent, “King of kings and Lord of lords.” When our Lord arrived in heaven and was seated at the right hand of God the Father, He received a new royal warrant, a third royal title as the “King of kings and the Lord of lords,” 1 Tim 6:15; Rev 19:16.
This title has been granted to Him by the Father indicating His rulership over all of creation and especially over the Church of which He is the Head, Eph 1:22; 1 Peter 3:22.
Eph 1:22, “And He (God the Father) has subordinated all (angelic creatures) under His feet. Furthermore, He appointed Him (Jesus Christ) ruler over all things to the church.”
1 Peter 3:22, “Who (Jesus Christ) is at the right hand of God, having gone into heaven after angels and authorities and powers had been subordinated to Him.”
- His first royal patent is related to His deity. His title is “Son of God.” His royal family is God the Father and God the Holy Spirit.
- His second royal patent is related to His humanity. His title is “Son of David.” His royal family is the Davidic dynasty.
- His third royal patent is related to His resurrection, ascension and session. His title is “King of kings, Lord of lords, Bright morning star.” His royal family is in the process of being completed, made up of every Church Age believer.
You are not simply a child of God; you are a royal child of God. This means that although we are now inferior to angels in our human bodies on earth, in the future, in resurrection bodies, we will be totally superior to angels. This was established with our Lord’s session.
When our Lord received His third royal patent, He did not have a royal family. Therefore, the church age was inserted into history.
With the resurrection of Jesus Christ, all angelic creatures including fallen angels, are subordinated to Him in his humanity! That fact is very important.
In His deity, Jesus Christ is the creator of angels. In His humanity, He was made lower than angels, Heb 2:7. But now in His resurrection, He is higher than angels in His humanity!
Some day in our resurrection body, we will share that same privilege experientially. Being in union with Christ, we are already positionally higher than angels. But in resurrection bodies, we will be experientially and physically higher than angels.
The Tribulational saints in heaven when singing the song of Moses proclaim our Lord as the “King of the nations,” Rev 15:3, which He will assume at His Second Advent. The session of Christ is a public affirmation that our Lord is the victor in the Angelic Conflict, Heb 1:13; 2:8.
Heb 2:8, “THOU HAST PUT ALL THINGS IN SUBJECTION UNDER HIS FEET.” For in subjecting all things to Him, He left nothing that is not subject to Him. But now we do not yet see all things subjected to Him.”
Therefore, the humanity of Jesus Christ in hypostatic union, is now exalted and glorified at the right hand of the Father where His posture is one of being seated and having authority, Acts 2:33; 5:31; Phil 2:9.
Acts 2:33, “Therefore, (Jesus Christ) having been exalted to the right hand of God.”
Acts 5:31, “He is the One whom God has exalted at His right hand as Prince and Savior.”
Phil 2:9, “Therefore also, God has highly exalted Him and given Him a title which is above every title, that at the title of Jesus every knee should bow and every tongue should confess that Jesus is Lord to the glory of the Father.”
This is also called Operation Footstool, 1 Cor 15:25, 27; Eph 1:22; Heb 2:8.
6. The Session and the Royal Priesthood.
Heb 8:1, “Now the main point in what has been said is this: we have such a high priest, who has taken His seat at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens.”
Our Lord was not qualified by birth to be a Levitical priest in Israel. His priesthood however, supersedes the priesthood of Israel because He is both a King and a Priest.
Our Lord’s priesthood is patterned after a royal priesthood, that of Melchizedek. Melchizedek was both a king and a priest. Our Lord is the king priest as a result of His resurrection, ascension and session, Gen 14:18; Psa 110:4; Heb 5-7.
His priesthood is superior to the Levitical priesthood in that He does not have to offer a sacrifice for Himself since He is impeccable. Instead He offered Himself as a substitute and became the Mediator of a New Covenant which was based upon His spiritual and physical death on the Cross.
The ascension and session abrogates the Levitical priesthood, replacing it with the royal priesthood, 1 Pet 2:9; Rev 1:6, 5:10, 20:6. He is a royal High Priest or king priest. Our Lord holds three offices: 1) Prophet, 2) Priest, 3) King.
His third royal warrant makes Him Lord and King over all Lords and kings. Therefore, our Lord’s entire royal family, (Church Age believers), are a part of that priesthood. One of the unique factors of the Church Age is the universal priesthood of the believer.
Our Lord’s High Priesthood is permanent, Heb 7:24. Every Church Age believer has been made a royal priest because of their union with their High Priest, the Lord Jesus Christ. Because you are in union with Christ, you are a king-priest. This means you can directly address God the Father in prayer through Jesus Christ, because he is the greatest High Priest in all of history. Therefore, we pray to God the Father in the name of Christ, and in the effectiveness of the power of the Holy Spirit which is life inside God’s Power System (GPS).
Jesus Christ is the High Priest, Heb 10:1 10, 7:25, 8:1; we are a kingdom of priests. As our High Priest, Jesus Christ makes intercession for us right now at the right hand of God the Father.
7. The Session and the Intercessory Ministry of Jesus Christ.
Rom 8:34, “Who is the one who condemns- Christ Jesus is He who died, yes, rather who was raised, who is at the right hand of God, who also intercedes for us.”
This teaches that our Lord intercedes for the believer as a part of His session at the right hand of God the Father. He intercedes for the believer in prayer and when Satan accuses the believer of sin, Rom 8:34; Heb 7:25; Rev 12:10.
Heb 7:25, “Hence, also, He is able to save forever those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them.”
The intercessory ministry of Christ is a part of His Priesthood, Heb 2:17; 8:1. He is our faithful High Priest, Heb 2:17. This could not be possible if it were not for the fact that our Lord has now been seated at the right hand of God the Father.
8. The Session of Jesus Christ and the Importance of the Church Age, Eph 1:18-23.
The first thing God ever did for us is the means of glorifying Him. Part of the mystery doctrine of the Church Age is the fact that Divine power is available to us as never before in history, i.e., the omnipotence of the Father, Son and Spirit. When Jesus Christ was seated at the right hand of the Father in the session after His ascension, that is when this plan was put into operation. The protocol plan of God and the availability of Divine power to us are unique. The uniqueness of the Church Age is reflected in the fact that it was put into operation at the point of the session of Jesus Christ, to fulfill the Plan of God by means of His Divine power working in us. So the Session becomes very important, because the power that raised Him from the dead is now delegated to the Royal Family.
9. The Session and our Position in Christ; the Christian’s Identification with Him.
Eph 2:4-7, “But God, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, even when we were dead in our transgressions, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved), and raised us up with Him, and seated us with Him in the heavenly places, in Christ Jesus, in order that in the ages to come He might show the surpassing riches of His grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus.”
At the moment of conversion the believer is placed in union with Christ through the baptism of the Spirit which identifies the believer with Christ. This means that the omnipotence of God the Holy Spirit causes the believer to become identical and united with the Lord Jesus Christ and also ascribes to the believer the qualities and characteristics of the Lord Jesus Christ. It identifies the believer with Christ in:
- His crucifixion, Rom 6:6; Gal 2:20.
- His death, Rom 6:2, 7-8; Col 2:20; 3:3.
- His burial, Rom 6:4; Col 2:12.
- His resurrection, Rom 6:5; Eph 2:6; Phil 3:10-11; Col 2:12; 3:1.
- His session, Eph 2:6; Col 3:1.
The believer can experience this victory and deliverance by appropriating, by faith, the teaching of the Word of God that he has been crucified, died, buried, raised, and seated with Christ, Rom 6:11-23; 8:1-17; Gal 2:20; Col 3:5-17.
He will permanently experience this identification with Christ at the Rapture of the Church, Rom 8:23; 1 Thes 4:13-17; Eph 4:30; 1 Cor 15:50-57. So the believer is identified with Christ as He is currently seated in heaven. The believer is now positionally higher than angels, Heb 1 and 2.
10. The Session Demands a New Mental Attitude of the Royal Family.
Col 3:1-2, “If then you were raised with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ is, sitting at the right hand of God. 2Set your mind on things above, not on things on the earth.”
Heb 12:2, “Fixing our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of faith, who for the joy set before Him endured the Cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.”
To “seek the above things” requires the utilization of Divine power inside GPS, which requires cognition of doctrine, which requires right priorities; doctrine must be first in your life.
The fact that the humanity of Christ is seated at the right hand of the Father, except for the Rapture of the Church and His permanent move at the Second Advent, is indicative of the fact that He has made the most fantastic system of power available to you.
Objective thinking about the “above things” includes cognition of your portfolio of your invisible assets, understanding the protocol plan of God in detail, perception of the unique things related to the great power experiment of the Church Age, especially the Eleven Problem Solving Devices.
The royal family’s mental attitude is to think doctrine, not good and evil. We should have a very strong, positive mental attitude no matter what our circumstances or pressures.
Heb 12:2-3, “Let us fix our eyes (concentrate) on Jesus, the author and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy that was set before him, endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God. For consider him who has endured such opposition by sinners against himself, so that you do not grow weary and faint in your souls.”
The Ascension of Jesus Christ was followed by the present Session of Jesus Christ.
- God the Father invites Jesus Christ to be seated at His right hand, Psa 110:1. This session is closely identified with His Melchizedek priesthood, Psa 110:4.
- No angel is accorded that glory, Heb 1:3, 5, 13.
- Jesus referenced The Session and the Second Coming when He asserted His Deity, Mat 26:64; Luke. 22:69.
- Jesus stood to greet Steven at his martyrdom, Acts 7:55.
- The Session of Christ provides for the Session of the Church, Eph 1:20; 2:6.
- The Session of Christ features His glorious advocacy, Rom 8:34; 1 John 2:1.
- The Session of Christ is the basis for our heavenly mindset, Col 3:1-4; Heb 12:2.
- The Session of Christ is the basis for our priesthood, Heb 3:1; 8:1; 10:12.
- The Session of Christ is the greatest testimony to the once and for all work of Calvary, Heb 10:12; 1 Peter 3:18-22.
Eph 1:21, “Far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age, but also in the one to come.”
As we noted in vs. 19-20, to explain how much power is available to believers, the apostle Paul employed four different Greek terms regarding the power of God that raised Jesus Christ from the dead and seated Him at His right hand.
1. DUNAMIS, “inherent ability, capability, potential.”
2. ENERGEIA, “operative power.”
3. KRATOS, “manifested power.”
4. ISCHUS, “possession of power to overcome.”
The fifth is also assumed from vs. 21.
5. EXOUSIA, “power, authority or freedom to do a thing.”
Vs. 21 continues to exalt Jesus Christ and indicates His position of superiority over all creatures, both in heaven and earth. Here we see the breath of the power and authority given to Jesus Christ by God the Father when He seated Him at His Right hand, beginning with the words, “far above all,” which is HUPERANO PAS in the Greek. PAS is an Adjective meaning, “all or every,” and HUPERANO is a Preposition that means “far above, above, high or over” that is used here and in Eph 4:10; Heb 9:5.
Eph 4:10, “He who descended is Himself also He who ascended far above all the heavens, that He might fill all things.”
It tells us that Jesus Christ is “over and above all.” The “all” here is defined for us in the following five categories of fallen angels. Therefore, Jesus Christ is superior to all fallen angles.
This verse is an example of Paul’s method of piling up expressions in order to prove the point that Christ is superior to all these beings, and He will be superior also to whatever authorities will exist in the coming age. So this verse describes the rank and scope of responsibility Jesus now has seated at the right hand of the Father, described for us in five, (the number of grace), ways, as we have five Genitive Singular Nouns with four KAI Coordinating Conjunctions.
The five areas of superior rank that Jesus, in resurrected hypostatic union, now holds includes:
- Rule – ARCHE, ἀρχή, meaning, “Beginning, origin, authority, rule, domain, or sphere of influence.”
- Authority – EXOUSIA, ἐξουσία, meaning, “Authority, right or power.” It is power or authority to do a thing.
- Power – DUNAMIS, δύναμις meaning, “Power, might, ability, or force.”
- Dominion – KURIOTES, κυριότης meaning, “Lordship, dominion, authority, mastery, or magistracy.”
- Every name that is named – PAS ONOMA ONOMAZO, πᾶς ὄνομα ὀνομάζω meaning, “Fame, reputation or notable.”
Mat 28:18, “And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.”
Phil 2:9-11, “Therefore also God highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name, 10that at the name of Jesus EVERY KNEE SHOULD BOW, of those who are in heaven, and on earth, and under the earth, 11and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”
Col 1:16, “For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities– all things have been created by Him and for Him.”
The Jews of Paul’s day generally believed that angels controlled human destiny, so Paul used the normal Jewish hierarchy of terms to indicate that Christ is in control, cf. Rom 8:38; Eph 3:10; 6:12; Col 1:16; 2:10, 15. He has absolute authority because He is infinitely superior. In addition, Gnostics conceived angels as being intermediary beings between the so-called “unknowable God” and mankind. As you know, Paul did not agree with any type of Jewish or Gnostic angelic hierarchy. To the contrary, he explains Christ’s authority in the way the apostle used the very teachings of anti-biblical groups to expose the heresy inherent in them.
1. Rule – ARCHE meaning, “Beginning, origin, authority, rule, domain, sphere of influence.”
This word is typically used to indicate time with “beginning or origin.” It is used of the origin of the cosmos, the universe, and consequently it resonates with the goal of existence. Also, when linked to a Divine being, it means without beginning or end. Therefore, we see that Jesus has authority over all things from all time and into eternity without end. It equates to the Alpha of the name of Jesus Christ as the “Alpha and the Omega,” Rev 1:8; 21:6; 22:13. But as “authority, rule, domain or sphere of influence, it refers to the various powers and authorities that exist within creation from eternity past that are subordinated to Him.
This word is also used in Eph 6:12 for “rulers” or “principalities” to describe the top level of the hierarchy of fallen angels that we do battle with every day. It speaks of the generals in Satan’s forces, super demons or the leaders of the fallen angels. It is the highest ranking fallen angels, the equivalent of the archangels in the elect angel organization.
Jesus Christ is superior to this class of fallen angels.
2. Authority – EXOUSIA meaning, “Authority, right or power.” It is power or authority to do a thing.
As we noted in vs. 19, EXOUSIA means, “freedom to act, right to act, power over, license in a thing, an office, magistracy, or place or body of authority.” Therefore, the resurrected Christ has the authority of the throne of rulership and the office to officiate over all of creation. This emphasizes Jesus’ Sovereignty as well as His Omnipotence.
This word is also used in Eph 6:12 for “powers” or “authorities” to describe the second from the top level of hierarchy of fallen angels that we do battle with every day. It speaks of the commissioned officers in Satan’s angelic forces. Satan understands the importance of discipline, of authority. These officers command the millions and millions of demons in the armies of Satan.
Eph 6:12, goes on to describe the third and fourth levels of authority in Satan’s demonic forces as, “the world forces of this darkness and the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places.”
“Against world rulers,” refers to a special corps of demons who might be classified as Satan’s ambassadors. He has these in all of the ruling places of the world. These are special ambassador demons whose job is to influence earthly rulers so that Satan can control history. With this is “spiritual forces,” that speaks to the rank and file demons who carry out the day to day assignments of negatively influencing man. Therefore, all four categories of Satan’s demonic army are and will be subordinated to the Lord Jesus Christ. We will see more of this in Eph 6.
Jesus Christ is superior to this class of fallen angels.
3. Power – DUNAMIS, δύναμις meaning, “Power, might, ability, force.”
Also used in vs. 19, it means, “inherent ability, power, might, strength, ability, capability, or force.” It speaks to Jesus’ omnipotence, being the all-powerful One who can govern history. It is the power He has been given by the Father to rule all things. This also describes fallen angels, and refers to the inherent power in angels. The inherent power of demons means that they have fantastic abilities, gifts, which are greater than anything in the human race; they are gifted as wiser and as more powerful than man.
Jesus Christ is superior to this class of fallen angels.
4. Dominion – KURIOTES, κυριότης meaning, “Lordship, dominion, authority, mastery.”
This comes from the root word KURIOS that means lord or master, and means “dominion exercised by one who is in a ruling position,” such as a king or lord over his subjects. Jesus Christ is the King of kings and Lord of lords. He has authority and dominion over all.
As part of Satan’s demonic forces, these “dominions or lords” tyrannize men and women by attempting to control their fate or destiny. It is a special class of fallen angels or demons who are distinguished by exercising great authority. These are probably the demons who indwell the world rulers and influence their decisions and thinking with regard to Satanic strategy. Yet, the New Testament makes it clear that these demonic forces are subject to the Lordship of Jesus Christ.
Col 1:16, “For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities– all things have been created by Him and for Him.
Jesus Christ is superior to this class of fallen angels.
5. Every name that is named – PAS ONOMA ONOMAZO meaning, “fame, reputation or notable.” Primitive peoples believed the name provided magical power over the thing, person, god, or demon named.
In fact, demons have names which reveal their nature, Mark 5:9. The “beast” of Revelation 13 is described as having blasphemous names, 13:1, which probably refers to his claims to honor, which belong to God or Christ alone. Likewise, the beast will claim the name of God, cf. 2 Thes 2:4, but “the number of his name” is in reality “the number of a man,” Rev 13:17-18.
This is an all-encompassing catch phrase, to refer to the rank and file demons, all others not previously noted, who have any kind of reputation at all.
When we combine KURIOTES and ONOMA we see the antichrist and the many antichrists that come in falsehood with the name of the Lord, 1 John 2:18, 22; 4:3; 2 John 1:7.
Jesus Christ is superior to this class of fallen angels too.
So Jesus Christ is over above all super demons and commissioned demons and gifted demons and ruling demons and all rank and file demons.
To round out our verse it concludes with, “not only in this age, but also in the one to come,” OUK MONON EN HOUTOS HO AION, ALLA KAI EN HO MELLO.
Which refers to the Church Age and the subsequent Tribulation leading the Millennial reign of Jesus Christ, or it may refer to human history as a whole and then the eternal state.
So Paul piles up expressions in order to prove the point that Christ is superior to all these beings and there scope of authority, as He will be superior to whatever authorities will exist in the coming age.
Therefore, the power that raised Jesus Christ from the dead is the same power that was used to seat Him at the right hand of the Father that is the same power that Jesus Christ now has over all of creation in this age and the age to come, which is the same power that is available to the you and I, believers, in this Church Age, to lead us to overcome the problems, difficulties, heartaches, temptations, etc. of this life, so that we are victorious in glorifying God to the maximum.
In this verse we see the Plan of God in making us aware of the intensification of the Angelic Conflict, beginning in the Church Age. This Angelic Conflict will take a strange turn in the Tribulation, but the intensification of the Angelic Conflict begins in the Church Age and continues into the Tribulation, reaches its climax in the Second Advent and Operation Footstool of the Millennium, and terminates with an anticlimax, a demon revolution at the end of the Millennium. This all leads us to…
The Doctrine of the Angelic Conflict.
1. Definition: The Angelic Conflict refers to the prehistoric creatures in opposition to and revolt against God. The revolt began with arrogance, a system of evil as well as a combination of sins, Isa 14:12-14. Arrogance comes in many forms of mental attitude sins, and is the natural inclination of fallen creatures whether they are angelic or human. The first creature to revolt against God was the most perfect creature God ever made. He was called Lucifer, the son of the morning. He was the most beautiful, attractive, and personable of all angelic creatures. He was created as a magnificent and beautiful cherub. He became enamored with his attractiveness. He “took himself too seriously,” because creatures had been admiring him and because he was the object of adoration by all the angels. As a result one day he said, “I will be like the Most High; God.” When he said that, a revolt began against God.
The result was the prehistoric Angelic Conflict in which the opposition against God took the form of a revolution led by Satan. It continued for an unknown period of time. Satan led a revolt against the perfect environment of heaven in which he took one third of all angels, Rev 12:4. When all angels had made their decisions for God or for Satan, a trial was convened in heaven. This was the first of two trials of Satan and all fallen angels. As a result of the prehistoric trial, two categories of supercreatures or angels emerged. There are two general categories of unseen creatures:
- Saved or elect angels. They are called “holy” in Mark 8:38, and “elect” in 1 Tim 5:21. They are a category of angels who will live with God forever. They are saved and they will never get thrown into the Lake of Fire.
- The unsaved or fallen angels which have two categories.
1) One category is in prison right now because they were involved in the Gen 6:1-9 cohabitation with woman, as explained by 2 Peter 2:4; Jude 6. They are now in hell, which is called in the Greek “Tartarus,” and there they are going to stay for a long time.
2) The other category is the operative angels, i.e. demons, Mark 5; 1 Cor 10:20-21. Their doctrines are mentioned in 1 Tim 4:1. The fact that fallen angels exist is verified by Psa 8:4-5; Heb 2:6-7; 2 Peter 2:11. They are created beings, Psa 148:2-5.
Therefore, the Angelic Conflict refers to the prehistoric creatures lead by Satan who came under opposition to and revolted against God. The Angelic Conflict began in eternity past, before the restoration of planet earth in Gen 1:2f, with a revolt against God by Satan and his demons. It is sometimes described as a great rebellion that resulted in a trial and conviction of all the angels who rebelled. The revolt began with arrogance, a system of evil, as well as a combination of sins, Isa 14:12-23; Ezek 28:11-19.
2. The pattern of angelic negative volition is expressed in two ways.
a. Satan’s original sin of negative volition really gives the pattern, Isa 14:12-14.
b. The angels who took his side also rejected God’s plan, whatever God’s plan called for regarding their salvation and pardon, which was most likely the Cross of Jesus Christ, Col 1:20.
3. As a result of their rebellion, God sentenced them to the Lake of Fire. Mat 25:41 tells us that the Lake of Fire was created for them.
Mat 25:41, “Then He will also say to those on His left, ‘Depart from Me, accursed ones, into the eternal fire which has been prepared for the devil and his angels’.”
4. Satan, as the chief of the unsaved angels, appealed the case at the time of the sentence to the Lake of Fire, which God granted. We know that Satan is the lawyer for the appeal because his Greek name is DIABOLOS. It means. “adversary, enemy, false accuser, slanderer or devil.” It also means a lawyer who takes the case. The same thing is true of SATAN (Hebrew and transliterated into Greek as SATANAS) which means, “devil, enemy or adversary,” so devil means a lawyer who has appealed the case. He is the enemy of God.
In objecting to the sentence Satan made his appeal by impugning the character of God. He said the judge, God, was not fair. He said that the judge was inconsistent, and he also indicated that the judge was supposed to be love, and how can a loving God throw His creatures into the Lake of Fire? So in every way he impugned the character of God.
5. With the appeal granted, an appeal trial began. The way God is going to win the appeal trial is to create something lower than angels, weaker than angels, dumber than angels, and use that to win the trial. Therefore, as a result of the condemned angels appealing their sentencing, God created man, a lower creation to resolve the appeal trial and conflict. During the course of human history we have the sentence of Satan and the fallen angels under appeal. The case will receive its final decision at the end of human history, Rev 20. So no angels at the present time are in the Lake of Fire.
6. To resolve the Angelic Conflict an inferior creature, mankind, is placed on one planet possessing one thing in common with these superior creatures: free will, the bona fide function of a creature volition, Psa 8:3-5; Heb 2:7. Therefore, creation of man resolves the Angelic Conflict and answers Satan’s appeal.
If you would like more information on this subject, you may watch/listen to lesson #’s:
15-103, 15-104, 15-109 & 15-110.
A PERSONAL NOTE FOR YOU
If you have never accepted Jesus Christ as your Lord and Savior, I am here to tell you that Jesus loves you. He loves you so much that He gave His life for you. God the Father also loves you. He loves you so much that He gave His only Son for you by sending Him to the Cross. At the Cross Jesus died in your place. Taking upon Himself all of your sins and all of my sins. He was judged for our sins and paid the price for our sins. Therefore our sins will never be held against us. Right where you are, you now have the opportunity to make the greatest decision in your life. To accept the free gift of salvation and eternal life by truly believing that Jesus Christ died for your sins and was raised on the third day as the proof of the promise of eternal life.
So right now you can pause and reflect on what Christ has done for you and say to the Father:
“Yes Father, I believe that Your Son, Jesus Christ, died on the cross for the forgiveness of my sins.”
If you have done that, I welcome you to the eternal Family of God!