The Greek word for “encouraged” is PARAKLESIS – παράκλησις (par-ak’-lay-sis).
In Rom 1:12, PARAKLESIS is joined with the prefix of SUM – σύμ to give us a Verb in the Aorist, Passive, Infinite – SUMPARAKLETHENAI – συμπαρακαλέω (soom-par-ak-al-eh’-o).
This is a compound word made up of three words: Sum + Para + Kaleo
The Aorist views the entirety of the action of encouragement.
The Passive voice says Paul received encouragement
The Infinitive tells us he continually received encouragement through fellowship with them.
Sumparakaleo – [soom-par-ak-al-eh’-o]
The words Sum and Parakaleo mean; “to console jointly:—comfort together, to exhort together, passive, to be strengthened with:—encouraged together.”
Joseph Thayer Defines this as:
1) To call upon or invite or exhort at the same time or together
2) To strengthen (comfort) with others
Sumparakaleo means, “encouragement, as two or more parties come together.”
Sum comes from the word sun – σύν and is a primary preposition denoting, “union; with or together (a close union), that is, by association, companionship.” In compounds, it has similar applications including, “completeness.” It expresses, “association with:— accompany, along, associates, together.”
Parakaleo – παρακαλέω [par-ak-al-eh’-o]
The words PARA and Kaleo mean; “to call near, that is, invite, invoke (by imploration, exhortation or consolation):—beseech, call for, (be of good) comfort, desire, (give) exhort (-ation), entreat, appeal, beg, comfort, conciliate, encourage, implore, plead, urge, etc.”
Joseph Thayer Defines this as:
1.) To call to one’s side, call for, summon
2.) To address, speak to, (call to, call upon), which may be done in the way of
exhortation, entreaty, comfort, instruction, etc.
2a) To admonish, exhort
2b) To beg, entreat, beseech
2c) To console, to encourage and strengthen by consolation, to comfort
2d) To encourage, strengthen
2e) Exhorting and comforting and encouraging
2f) To instruct, teach
Para – παρά [par-ah’]
Is a primary preposition meaning; “properly near, at (or in) the vicinity of (objectively or subjectively). In compounds, it retains the same variety of application:—above, against, among, at, before, by, contrary to, etc.”
Kaleo – καλέω [kal-eh’-o]
Is akin to the base of Keleuo – κελεύω (kel-yoo’-o) and is from the primary word Kello – “(to urge on); “hail”; to incite by word, that is, order:-bid, (at, give) command (-ment). Thus, Kaleo comes to mean; to “call” (properly aloud, but is used in a variety of applications, directly or otherwise):—bid, call (forth), (whose, whose sur-) name (was [called]).”
Principles of Encouragement:
Encouragement is from and based on God, Rom 15:1-6; Phil 2:1-2; Heb 6:18.
Heb 6:18 “So that by two unchangeable things, (Promise to Abraham and the oath which rests on the very being of God), in which it is impossible for God to lie, we who have taken refuge would have strong encouragement to take hold of the hope set before us.”
Pastors and all believers are to encourage with the Word.
Acts 15:31-32, “Judas and Silas, also being prophets themselves, encouraged and strengthened the brethren with a lengthy message.”
2 Tim 4:2, “Preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with great patience and instruction.”
Titus 1:9, “Holding fast the faithful word which is in accordance with the teaching, so that he (the Pastor-Teacher) will be able both to exhort in sound doctrine and to refute those who contradict.”
Titus 2:15, “These things speak and exhort and reprove with all authority. Let no one disregard you.”
Rom 15:4, “For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our instruction, so that through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.”
Our faith and love for the Lord encourages others.
We encourage others by the demonstration of our faith. Acts 27:27-38; Judges 20:22; 1 Sam 23:16; Rom 1:12; Col 2:1-8; 4:11; Phil 2:19; 1 Thess 3 – all
Dan 11:1, “In the first year of Darius the Mede, I arose to be an encouragement and a protection for him.”
Phil 2:19, “But I hope in the Lord Jesus to send Timothy to you shortly, so that I also may be encouraged when I learn of your condition.”
Judges 20:22, “But the people, the men of Israel, encouraged themselves and arrayed for battle again in the place where they had arrayed themselves the first day.”
1 Sam 23:16, “And Jonathan, Saul’s son, arose and went to David at Horesh, and encouraged him in God.”
We are to encourage one another to serve.
Acts 18:27, “And when he wanted to go across to Achaia, the brethren encouraged him (Apollos) and wrote to the disciples to welcome him; and when he had arrived, he greatly helped those who had believed through grace, 28for he powerfully refuted the Jews in public, demonstrating by the Scriptures that Jesus was the Christ.”
1 Cor 16:12, “But concerning Apollos our brother, I encouraged him greatly to come to you with the brethren; and it was not at all his desire to come now, but he will come when he has opportunity.”
There is a spiritual gift of encouragement, the gift of exhortation. Rom 12:8. This individual will counsel, comfort, warn, and advise his fellow brethren.
Next in Rom 1:12, we have in the word “faith,” which is the Greek word PISTIS – πίστις (pis’-tis).
1.) Conviction of the truth of anything, belief. In the New Testament, of a conviction or belief respecting man’s relationship to God and Divine things, generally with the included idea of trust and holy fervor born of faith and joined with it.
a) Relating to God
1) The conviction that God exists and is the Creator and Ruler of all things, the Provider and Bestower of eternal salvation through Christ.
2) Relating to Christ
2a) A strong and welcome conviction or belief that Jesus is the Messiah through whom we obtain eternal salvation in the kingdom of God.
3) The religious beliefs of Christians.
4) Belief with the predominate idea of trust (or confidence) whether in God or in Christ, springing from faith in the same.
b) Fidelity, Faithfulness
1) The character of one who can be relied on.
There are Three Systems of Human Perception:
Faith is a non‑meritorious system of perception based on confidence in the authority and the veracity of another. Faith is not based on one’s own knowledge, as is rationalism or empiricism.
Rationalism is reason from the source of knowledge in itself, superior to and independent of any other source of perception. Rationalism says that reality is what you think to be true. Rationalism requires a high I.Q., from which systems of philosophy are often developed.
Empiricism is knowledge from perception by observation and experience rather than by theory. All ideas are derived from some sensuous experience using the eyes, ears, nose, touch, etc., having no innate or a priori conceptions.
Perception by faith is always non‑meritorious. It depends on the authority, veracity, and ability of someone else. Faith requires authority, the authority of God and His Word.
Faith also means a system of doctrine perceived by faith; i.e., what is believed:
Rom 14:22-23, “The faith which you have, have as your own conviction before God. Happy is he who does not condemn himself in what he approves. 23But he who doubts is condemned if he eats, because his eating is not from faith; and whatever is not from faith is sin.”
A description of faith is found in 2 Cor 4:8-18.
2 Cor 4:18, “We look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen [essence of God]; for the things which are seen are temporal, but the things which are not seen are eternal.”
Faith is the means by which we perceive reality in the invisible essence of God.
Sometimes both the faith‑rest technique and doctrine are described in the meaning of pistis, as in 2 Cor 5:7, “We walk by faith and not by sight.”
Your eyes are in your soul, and your soul must have Bible Doctrine. We see the unseen through doctrine.
We see the justice and integrity of God through His Word.
His Word gives us relationship with His integrity and that is what sustains us in time of disaster.
Faith is used as an attribute. Pistis (faith) is what causes trust, reliability, faithfulness, and integrity, Titus 2:10; 2 Thess 1:4:
Titus 2:10-15, “Not pilfering, but showing all good faith that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in every respect. 11For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all men, 12instructing us to deny ungodliness and worldly desires and to live sensibly, righteously and godly in the present age, 13looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus; 14who gave Himself for us, that He might redeem us from every lawless deed and purify for Himself a people for His own possession, zealous for good deeds. 15These things speak and exhort and reprove with all authority. Let no one disregard you.” Cf. 2 Thess 1:1-12.
We are to demonstrate our faith among believers and unbelievers, Rom 1:12:
Rom 1:12, “That is, that I may be encouraged together with you while among you, each of us by the other’s faith, both yours and mine.”
Our faith is the basis for fellowship among the church:
A church is not a one-man show; Pastor to listeners. A church is where we are “encouraged together by mutual faith both of you and me.”
Paul is saying, I will give, you will give. There will be giving and receiving on both sides.
Paul is saying their faith is very important and that it has a very definite place in the life of the church.
Peter says the same thing in:
2 Peter 1:1, “Peter, a bond-servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, to those who have received a faith of the same kind as ours, by the righteousness of our God and Savior, Jesus Christ.”
1 John 1:3, “What we have seen and heard we proclaim to you also, so that you too may have fellowship with us; and indeed our fellowship is with the Father, and with His Son Jesus Christ.”
These believers had to take part in the great exchange of faith.
The church is dependent upon the faith of the members and the faith of the Pastor.
Faith shows itself and encourages us by the way we each live:
Our lives have to be obvious to others that we have and are applying faith.
Our lives have to change from showing the worries and concerns of life to showing a faith rest and trust in God.
We have to stop entering into the sins we use to commit and demonstrate in faith a constrained life following Christ’s Word.
In Rom 1:12, Paul couldn’t wait to see that type of person.
In these people, it was obvious that the Grace of God had taken hold of their lives.
Faith only comes with knowledge, knowledge of the Word of God:
That was his encouragement. To see their spiritual growth demonstrated.
The Roman believers could talk about their faith, discuss it, rejoice in it, and share their experiences of faith.
Faith demonstrates itself in growth, development and increase:
When your whole outlook has developed and grown in faith, it is encouraging to those around you. Seeing you take hold of that which you believe is encouraging.
Faith shows itself in concern for others. It shows itself in prayer:
Rom 15:30, “Now I urge you, brethren, by our Lord Jesus Christ and by the love of the Spirit, to strive together with me in your prayers to God for me.”
Striving together is the whole part of the life of the church. The church is fellowship:
The picture of faith demonstrated in a church is of people exchanging experiences, thoughts, understandings, mutually giving and receiving, helping one another, and all participating in this together.
Throughout history, Christian people have always liked to be together to talk about these things, and to help one another and to stimulate one another.
Their hearts are warmed, their feelings are kindled, their aspiration are stimulated, and as a result a great fellowship, “you and I sharing the mutual faith both of you and me.”
We together enjoy the things of God. We pray to Him together, His blessings come down upon us together.
Rom 1:12, “That is, that I may be encouraged together with you while among you, each of us by the other’s faith, both yours and mine.”
Rom 1:11, “For I long to see you so that I may impart some spiritual gift to you, that you may be established.”
Established is the Greek word Sterizo – στηρίζω, a verb in the Aorist, Passive, Infinitive, Accusative. It means, “strengthen, make firm, establish; fix, set up (Luke 16:26); Make a firm resolve (Luke 9:51).” It is akin to sterigx, “(support, prop); to make fast, establish: —confirm, determined, establish, established, fixed, strengthen, strengthening.”
STERIZO [stay-rid’-zo] is from a presumed derivative of Histemi – ἵστημι (like Stereos); to set fast, that is, (literally) to turn resolutely in a certain direction, or (figuratively) to confirm:—fix, (e-) stablish, steadfastly set, strengthen.
Histemi [his’-tay-mee] is a prolonged form of a primary word stao [stah’-o] (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively):—abide, appoint, bring, continue, covenant, establish, hold up, lay, present, set (up), stanch, stand (by, forth, still, up).
Stereos [ster-eh-os’], is also from Histemi that means, “stiff, solid, stable (literally or figuratively):—steadfast, strong, sure.”
Thayer’s definition of STERIZO is:
- To make stable, place firmly, set fast, fix
- To strengthen, make firm
- To render constant, confirm, one’s mind
Rom 16:25-26, “Now to Him who is able to establish you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery which has been kept secret for long ages past, 26but now is manifested, and by the Scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the eternal God, has been made known to all the nations, leading to obedience of faith.”
1 Thess 3:11-13, “Now may our God and Father Himself and Jesus our Lord direct our way to you; 12and may the Lord cause you to increase and abound in love for one another, and for all people, just as we also do for you; 13so that He may establish your hearts without blame in holiness before our God and Father at the coming of our Lord Jesus with all His saints.” See also Rom 1:10-11.
2 Pet 1:12, “Therefore, I will always be ready to remind you of these things, even though you already know them, and have been established in the truth which is present with you.”
The Word “strengthen” is used in:
Luke 22:28-32, (Jesus spoke these words at the Passover supper), “You are those who have stood by Me in My trials; 29and just as My Father has granted Me a kingdom, I grant you 30that you may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom, and you will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel. 31“Simon, Simon, behold, Satan has demanded permission to sift you like wheat; 32but I have prayed for you, that your faith may not fail; and you, when once you have turned again, strengthen your brothers.”
1 Thess 3:2, “And we sent Timothy, our brother and God’s fellow worker in the gospel of Christ, to strengthen and encourage (Parakaleo) you as to your faith.”
2 Thess 2:16-17, “Now may our Lord Jesus Christ Himself and God our Father, who has loved us and given us eternal comfort and good hope by grace, 17comfort (Parakaleo) and strengthen your hearts in every good work and word.”
2 Thess 3:3, “But the Lord is faithful, and He will strengthen and protect you from the evil one.”
James 5:8, “You too be patient; strengthen your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is near.”
Rev 3:2, “Wake up, and strengthen the things that remain, which were about to die; for I have not found your deeds completed in the sight of My God.”
The word “confirm” is used in:
1 Pet 5:10, “After you have suffered for a little while, the God of all grace, who called you to His eternal glory in Christ, will Himself perfect (complete), confirm, strengthen and establish (lay a foundation) you.”
The word “fixed” is used in:
Luke 16:26, “And besides all this, between us and you there is a great chasm fixed, so that those who wish to come over from here to you will not be able, and that none may cross over from there to us.”
The word “determined or set” is used in:
Luke 9:51, “When the days were approaching for His ascension, He was determined to go to Jerusalem;”
“Determined / Steadfastly” is used in:
Luke 9:51, “When the days were approaching for His ascension, He was determined to go to Jerusalem.”
The believer who has personal love for God and Divine viewpoint thinking will have contentment, stability, composure, and all the other characteristics of spiritual self-esteem. Mental Stability, is having correct and accurate application of Bible Doctrine in adversity and in prosperity, Phil 1:9; 4:12-13. When the believer reaches Spiritual Autonomy, he has perpetuated mental stability.
Proverbs 19:8, “He who gets wisdom loves his own soul; he who keeps understanding will find good.”
Philippians 2:5, “Have this attitude (unselfish humility) in yourselves which was also in Christ Jesus.”
The believer is no longer vulnerable to pressure as he was upon first entering spiritual adulthood. The Believer who grows spiritually now has a greater ability to concentrate so that he can apply Bible Doctrine more consistently in adversity, as well as in prosperity. Spiritual autonomy is the epitome of sanity and mental stability.