Study of Revelation 6 – Part I
The Seven Seal Judgments of the Tribulation
In Revelation Chapter 6, Christ is about to open the seven Sealed books and release judgment onto the world.
Let us begin by reviewing the “Purpose of the Tribulation“:
- To discipline the nations for their sins, especially the way they have treated Christ and Israel. Mat 25:32-46
- To purge Israel, and prepare a believing remnant to receive Christ when He comes in glory. Ezek 34:11-31; Rev. 19:11
- To bring as many as possible to salvation. 1 Tim 2:3-4
Further, Dan 9:24 tells us that the Tribulation completes the following six things related to the people of Israel. (Six is the number of man or man’s labor. All six things are based on the completed work of Christ on the cross):
- To finish the transgression – Completing the time of Israel’s rejection of the Messiah. As noted in the revival of Israel in Rev 7.
- To make an end of sin – “put an end” means, “to Seal up.” At the end of the Tribulation, Satan is bound and external influence of sin is removed, coupled with the internal binding of sin found in Christ’s efficacious work on the cross.
- To make atonement for iniquity (rebellion) – Christ’s death on the cross is the basis for Israel’s future forgiveness. Zech 12:10; Rom 11:26-27
Zech 12:10, “I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace and of supplication, so that they will look on Me whom they have pierced; and they will mourn for Him, as one mourns for an only son, and they will weep bitterly over Him like the bitter weeping over a firstborn.”
- To bring in everlasting righteousness – Ushering in the Millennial Reign. Jer 23:5-6
- To Seal up vision and prophecy – When Israel turns to Christ, there will no longer be a need for prophets, visions, and prophecy. All prophecy for Israel would be fulfilled.
- To anoint the Most Holy – either the anointing of the Holy of holies in the millennial temple or the establishment of Jesus Christ as King in the Millennium.
Typology and Analogies to Understand the Seven Seal Judgments.
To see how the Bible interprets itself, let’s note the following that will lead us in understanding the Seven Seal Judgments.
- Numerology helps define each scene.
- The word “Seal(s)” is mentioned four times in 5. How are the references in Chapter 5 related to the first four references to “Seal” of Chapter 6?
- Each of the Four Living Creatures are represented in the first four Seals; What is their importance?
- The Lead Tribes of Israel represented each Living Creature.
- Colors are used in the first Four Seals and have meaning in the Bible.
- The events of 6 compared to Christ’s Sermon on the Mountain speaking about end times in Mat 24:3-28; Mark 13; and Luke 21:7-19.
- There is a Seven-Fold Message to the Seven Churches Rev 2-3.
a) The message about Christ.
b) The encouragement to the church.
c) The problem with the Church.
d) The promise of blessings.
- There was a Seven-Fold Praise by the angels in Rev 5:12.
- How are the Four-Fold Praises of Rev 5:13 related to the Seals in Chapter 5 & 6?
- The Seven Days of Creation tell us something about the Seven Seal Judgments.
- The Seven Results of the Baptism of the Spirit related to the Seven Seal Judgments.
- The Seven Trials of Jesus Christ related to the Seven Seal Judgments.
- The Seven Sayings of Jesus Christ on the Cross, related to the Seven Seal Judgments.
- The Seven Feasts of Israel compared to the Seven Seal Judgments.
Dwight Pentecost on pg. 200 of his book, “Things to Come” writes:
“Since the church is the body, of which Christ is the head (1 Cor 11:3; Eph 1:22; 5:23; Col 1:18), the bride, of which He is the bridegroom (2 Cor 11:2; Eph 5:23), the object of His love (Eph 5:25), the branch of which He is the root and stem (John 15:5), the building, of which He is the foundation and cornerstone (1 Cor 3:9; Eph 2:19-22), there exists between the believer and the Lord a union and a unity. The believer is no longer separated from Him, but brought into the closest oneness with Him.
If the church is in the seventieth week or the Tribulational period, she is subjected to the wrath, judgment, and indignation, which characterize the period, and because of her oneness with Christ, He, likewise, would be subjected to that same visitation. This is impossible according to 1 Jn 4:17, for He cannot be brought into judgment again.
Inasmuch as the church has been perfected and delivered from all judgment (Rom 8:1; Jn 5:24; 1Jn 4:17), if she is subjected to judgment again, the promises of God would be of none effect and the death of Christ would be ineffectual. Who would dare to assert that the death of Christ could fail to accomplish its purpose?
While the members (of the body of Christ) may be imperfect and need cleansing (1 John 1:9), yet the church, which is His body, has a perfect standing in Christ and could not need such cleansing. The nature of the testing in the seventieth week, as stated in Rev 3:10, is not to bring the individual to cleansing, but to reveal the degradation and need of the unregenerate heart. The nature of the church prevents such a testing.”
The following verses support what Mr. Pentecost states. 1 Thes 1:10; Rev 6:10; w/ 6:16-17. Then we note, 1 Thes 4:7-8, 13-18; 5:1-11.
In 1 Thes 5:2, “The day of the Lord,” includes the Rapture, the last half of the Tribulation, Second Advent, and Millennium, totaling 1,007 years.
It is also used for any portion of this period, the context dictating how long. Isa 2:12; 13:6; Joel 1:15; 2:1; Zech 14:1; 1 Thes 5:2; 2 Pet 3:10.
“The day of Christ” refers to an instant of time, the Rapture, 1 Cor 15; Phil 1:10; 2:16.
Now, Rev 13 makes it clear that all who are in the 70th week or the Tribulation period are brought into subjection to the beast, and through him to Satan who gives the beast power. Rev 13:1-9
Now, if the church were in this period she would be subjected to Satan, and Christ would either lose His place as Head or because of His union with the Church, He would be also subjected to Satan’s authority.
Such a thing is unthinkable and blasphemous!
The judgments that are to bring as many as possible to salvation begins with the Seven Seal Judgments. Rev 6:1-17; 8:1-6 Terrible judgments must precede the coming of the Kingdom.
The present world order, with all its historic roots, must be swept away to make room for it. Dan 2:34, 35, 44, 45
Things like the Tribulation are permitted by God to continue in history so that the power of God may be demonstrated and that the grace and mercy of God may be manifested.
From the manifestation of God’s divine power, come two results:
- Evangelism of the unbeliever.
- Spiritual growth of the believer, and a wakeup call if necessary
The breaking of the Seals and the opening of the Book will bring the judgments of God onto the world. The opener of the Seals is also the administrator of the judgment.
He alone is worthy, for those who fall under this judgment cannot say to God’s spotless Lamb, “You deserve this judgment too.”
Neither can they say, “You did not do enough to save us from this judgment.” – He gave His life!
The inhabitants of the earth are ignorant of the preceding glorious scene in heaven.
As in the days of Noah and Lot, they go on their way, eating and drinking and ignoring God’s warnings. Mat 24:27; Luke 17:26-29; 2 Peter 2:7
Then the Lamb will begin to open the Book, and judgment will fall.
How important it is for you to be saved now, while there is still opportunity!
Isa 61:1-2 speaks to the interim of the Church Age and the resumption of the prophetic days of Israel. Quoted by our Lord in, Luke 4:18-19. This interim is a time of grace for God to reveal Himself to mankind in yet another way.
When that time is completed, the days of Israel will resume once again, and the process of ushering in the Millennium begins.
From a timeline perspective, it appears that:
- Rev 6 (the 1st – 6 Seal Judgments) makes up the first quarter of the Tribulation.
- Then Chapters 8 – 9 (the 7th Seal and Trumpet Judgments) make up the second quarter.
- Then Chapter 16 (the Bowl Judgments) makes up the last half of the Tribulation.
The Seven Seals are divided up into two parts, in two different ways: The first division is between the first four Seals and the last three.
Four stands for creation, the world, and material completeness, while three stands for divine completeness or perfection, and seven stands for spiritual perfection. The first four judgments have to do with world order, worldly authority, material things, and physical life; the Cosmic System.
So, we note that the first four Seal Judgments speak to judgments that are complete in revealing the need for a Savior, as compared to what the world has to offer. The World did not accept the authority and provisions that God has for them, so He brings these judgments to show them that worldliness cannot save them, John 3:16, 36; Acts 4:12; 16:30-31. This shows us again that through the 1st four Seal Judgments, the world is reconciled to God only through Lamb.
The 2nd portion of the last three judgments are brought on directly by Jesus Christ and are complete in demonstrating His Deified powers with the hope of salvation the hard way (via His wrath).
All seven combined ushers in all that is necessary for spiritual perfection (salvation).
These three Seal Judgments emphasize the rejection of the reverence of Christ, His righteousness, and justice, and praise for all His work.
And as we will see, the 7th Seal brings out the seven Trumpet Judgments, which leads to the seven Bowl Judgments.
These judgments speak to the culmination of the revelation of Christ who has the power of spiritual perfection for everyone based upon the summing up of all worldly and divine things in Him. Heb 2:8-15; Eph 1:3-10
Read: Acts 17:30-31 – An Appointed Day of Judgment.
We are now ready to review the Seven-fold Judgments brought on to planet earth by our Lord during the Tribulation. Remember we are studying the Divine Judgments and Discipline that God brings onto mankind to wake them up.
We have noted that:
- God disciplines the client nation that goes into reversionism, Lev 26:14-38.
- God disciplines the individual believer who falls into reversionism, because he ignores the provision of self-judgment (Rebound), 1 Cor 11:28-30; 1 Peter 5:8 (Defeat of the roaring lion.).
- God brings about divine judgment for the unbeliever, in the hopes that they will wake up from their spiritually dead state and receive salvation for eternal life. Numb 23:24; Nahum 2-3; Rev 6-19
Nahum 2:13, “Behold, I am against you (Nineveh),” declares the LORD of hosts. ‘I will burn up her chariots in smoke, a sword will devour your young lions; I will cut off your prey from the land, and no longer will the voice of your messengers be heard.’”
This message came nearly 100-years after Jonah had witnessed to them. Unfortunately, they did not relate their knowledge and belief to their children, and thus God is bringing judgment to them.
Num 23:24, “Behold, a people (Israel) rises like a lioness, and as a lion it lifts itself; it will not lie down until it devours the prey, and drinks the blood of the slain.”
Num 24:9, “He couches, he lies down as a lion, and as a lion, who dares rouse him? Blessed is everyone who blesses you, and cursed is everyone who curses you.”
These are the warnings to Moab and Midian for not embracing the Israelites 40-years after Israel’s release from captivity.
Keep this analogy of the lion, in regards to judgment, in the back of your minds. We will see something very interesting in just a minute.
Let’s turn back to Rev 6:1.
What is the Relationship of the events of Revelation to Christ’s sermon on the end times? Mat 24 and Mark 13, with Rev 6
As J. Dwight Pentecost points out in (Things to Come, pp. 280-82), and Clarence Larkin identified in (Dispensational Truth), as well as many other theologians; the order of events in Revelation 6 and the order of events in Matthew 24 and Mark 13 are strikingly similar:
In Mat 24:3 the disciples asked our Lord three questions in relation to the times and events of His return, “Parousia,” the Coming of the Lord. See, 1 Thes 4:15-17; 2 Thes 2:1-10 for Parousia.
Keep in mind that the 2nd coming of our Lord is made up of two separate events that are the end caps of the 7-year Tribulation period, the “rapture of the church” and the “2nd advent”.
The questions in Mat 24:3 are more directly related to the latter.
The three questions were:
1) When will these things be?
2) What will be the sign of your coming?
3) What will be the sign of the end of the age?
Our Lord set out to answer these questions individually and His answers parallel the prophecy of John in Rev. 6.
This again tells us that Jesus Christ is undeniably Deity.
So how does our Lord answer their questions in parallel to Rev 6?
1) When will these things be? He answers this question in Mat 24:4-13.
- 24:4-5; “Many come in my name saying, “I am the Christ,” with 1st Seal – Rev 6:1-2.
- 24:6-7; “Wars and rumors of wars,” with the 2nd Seal – Rev. 6:3-4.
- 24:7; “There will be famines,” with the 3rd Seal – Rev. 6:5-6.
- 24:7-8; “Wars, famine, pestilence (KJV),” with the 4th Seal – Rev. 6:7-8.
- 24:9-13, “they will kill you,” Martyrdom, with the 5th Seal – Rev. 6:9-11.
Mat 24:14 goes on to prophesize the work of the 144,000 Jews with Rev 7:1-8.
2) What will be the sign of your coming?
- Mat 24:15-22; “Abomination of Desolation” and “Great Tribulation,” with Dan 9:27; 2 Thes 2:4; Rev 13:7-18.
Dan 9:27b, “And on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction.”
3) What will be the sign of the end of the age?
- 24:29-30; “The sun and the moon darkened with stars falling,” with the 6th Seal – Rev. 6:12-17.
- 24:32-25:13; Parables of His return in accordance with the world knowing His imminent return, Rev. 6:15-17.
The following chart by Charles Ryrie summarizes the comparison:
The Parallels Between
|Conditions||Matthew 24||Revelation 6|
Interestingly enough, our Lord’s answers were intended to motivate the hearers to not worry about the end and that they hadn’t missed out on it, but to encourage them to treat every day as if He were coming back, noting that our time on earth is short.
Mat 24:33, “So, you too, when you see all these things, recognize that He is near, right at the door.”
Many of these things we see every day!!!
Remembering that the Bible interprets itself, we must look at the Bible to understand the scene in Revelation 6.
To see how the Bible interprets itself, let’s note the following that will lead us in understanding the Seven Seal Judgments:
- There was a seven-fold message to the seven churches, Rev 2-3.
- There was a seven-fold praise by the angels in, Rev 5:12.
- Because there are seven judgments, numerology helps define this scene.
- Each of the four living creatures are represented in this scene.
- Colors are used and have meaning in the Bible.
By understanding the things that God shows us throughout His word, we can better understand the events that kick off the Tribulation, the judgments for the unbelieving world.
Let’s begin by noting that the Seven Seal Judgments of Rev 6+ are the antithesis of the seven messages to the churches and seven-fold praise by the angels.
Because the world rejected the plain and clear message of Christ, as described and praised, summarized in Rev 2-5, the world will receive the anti-type of Christ.
“Anti,” which is a transliteration of the Greek word can mean, “opposite, against, instead of, or in place of (i.e. a counterfeit).” Often used in composition to denote contrast, requital, substitution, correspondence, etc.
Rev 6:1-2, Beginning with the:
1st of the 7-Seal Judgments,
Rev 6:1-2, “Then I saw when the Lamb broke one of the seven Seals, and I heard one of the four living creatures saying as with a voice of thunder, ‘Come.’ 2I looked, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it had a bow; and a crown was given to him, and he went out conquering and to conquer.”
John sees the breaking of the 1st Seal by the first living creature. Right away we see an analogy.
- One in scripture stands for unity. Unity is clearly in view. The world is about to receive a unity that is counterfeit to the perfect unity found in Christ. Phil 2:1-2
From Rev 2:1, the authority of our Lord over the church is shown to the world. In Rev 2:4, the problem this church (Ephesus) had was rejection of that authority. Although this is a specific issue for the church, it is also representative of the world’s rejection of the authority of its appointed right man, The Lord Jesus Christ.
From Rev 5:12, we understand the first praise by the angels which says that “Jesus Christ is worthy to receive all power” – dunamis, which is inherent power, ascribing to Him all authority over everything. Eph 1:20-23
So, we can say that because the world rejected the unity that is found in accepting the authority of the Lamb, God in judgment will bring in another unifying authority for man to be subjected to. But this unifying authority does not have the interests of man in mind. Its purpose will be self-centered and arrogant.
- The next analogy we see is that the first of the four living creatures calls someone forth.
Back in Rev 4:7, what creature did the first living creature resemble? Yup, you guessed it, a lion. And what does a lion typically represent, Majestic Authority, a King.
So, as the Lord Jesus Christ (the Lamb) brings about the first judgment upon an unbelieving world, at the beginning of the Tribulation. We know the judgment is absolutely from Him, because of the nature of the introduction. The Lamb / Lion of Judah (Rev 5:5) is in view right away. i.e., The given authority of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Gen 49:8-12, is the first mention of “Lion” in the Bible and is the story of Jacob, (Israel), blessing his 12 sons. In his blessing, Judah is said to be the lion. As we know from Mat 1:2, 16 and Luke 3:23, 33, Christ was descended from Judah, and therefore inherited the blessing and recognition as the “Lion of Judah.” As the Lion, Christ is portrayed as the strong, warrior, King.
Coupled with the name “Judah,” which means, “praise,” He is the Warrior King to be praised.
In Rev 5:5, Christ is the prophesized Lion of Judah. He is once again noted as a King that is the Warrior King similar to Num 23:21.
Now a little trivia for you.
- When you want to make trouble and cause divisions, what kinds of lions do you get? Rebel lions – Rebellions.
- When you want to start a war, what kind of lions do you get? Battle lions – Battalions.
- When you want to make a lot of money, what kind of lions do you get? Mill lions – millions.
Thus far, we have noted the number One speaks to:
- The first Angelic Praise in Rev 5:12 was “Power” – dunamis – The Inherent Authority of Jesus Christ to Judge.
- The first Church Message (Ephesus), Christ is the authority over the Church.
- The first Church Problem, the rejection of the authority of the right Man = Jesus Christ.
- The first Creature the “Lion”, represents majestic authority of a King.
Therefore, the unity found in the authority of Jesus Christ was rejected by the world and will be judged during the Tribulation. From the analogies of “one” and “lion,” we know the judgment is from the God/Man the Lord Jesus Christ.
We also note that the four living creatures were represented on the banners of the lead tribes of Israel where Judah, Reuben, Ephraim, and Dan’s banners represented the Lion, Man, Ox, and Eagle respectfully.
As we understand from the meaning of the names of each of the lead tribes, who all represent Jesus Christ, it tells us:
“Praise Yahweh, of double fruitfulness (God/Man), behold a Son, the Judge.”
Here again, we see the genius of God, when we compare the meaning of the lead tribesmen’s name, who represented one of the four living creatures, to the 1st four Seal Judgments.
Judah, his name means, “Praise Yahweh.” The 1st Seal represents Rejection of authority. The world did not praise Jesus Christ; therefore, the world receives judgment for the rejection of the authority of Jesus Christ. The world receives the Antichrist as its leader.
Ephraim his name means, “Two/Double fruitfulness.” The 2nd Seal represents Open warfare. As Christ, the God/man was the mediator between God and Man at the Cross, brought about a perfect unity that was rejected by the world. The world now finds itself being torn in two (the number of division) in warfare because of the rule of the Antichrist.
Reuben his name means, “Behold a Son.” The 3rd Seal represents worldwide famine. The world rejected the Son of Man and His saving spiritual sustenance found in His body; therefore, the world receives the judgment of physical famine.
Dan his name means, “the Judge.” The 4th Seal represents Death. The world rejected the judgment of our sins in the body of The Lord Jesus Christ; therefore, the world receives the judgment of experiencing and witnessing physical death upon the earth, a prelude to the second death, the Lake of Fire.
So, in Rev 6:1, we note that, “Here comes the judge.”
Up until this point, we haven’t seen Christ as the judge, only the Savior. But now His judgment begins in full force, both in heaven of the believer’s works and on earth towards the Cosmic System’s system of evil.
Because these seven judgments are brought on directly from our Lord Jesus Christ, we once again can say with bold confidence that the Church, the body of Christ, of which He is the attached / enjoined head, will not be on earth at this time. Christ cannot and will not judge Himself; therefore, the church is not on earth for these judgments. The Rapture will remove the church/body of Christ, so that the head will not subject itself to its own judgment. 1 Jn 4:17 w/ Rom 8:1
Now, let’s see what this 1st judgment is all about. Rev 6:2
Rev 6:2, “I looked, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it had a bow; and a crown was given to him, and he went out conquering and to conquer.”
The Lamb opens the Seal, the lion living angelic creature barks out the command for the white horse rider to come forward and begin his process. The rider has a bow, (with no arrows), a weapon without ammunition, and a crown on his head, and he conquers.
Because of the rejection of Christ, the world will receive the counterfeit of Christ, the Antichrist. He will come and conquer the world, place it under His rule and authority.
Each of the horsemen are striking imagery of literal facts that will occur during the Tribulation. It is God’s intention to convey the depravity of world conditions through these horsemen, and not necessarily that they all are individual personalities. The fact that they all do not refer to specific people is clearly seen in the fourth horseman who is called death, and death is not a person. The four horsemen present the picture of man’s inhumanity to man. God will bring about certain events to unfold on earth derived through the evil inherent in man and Satan.
We now come to the horse that the conqueror was riding. It is described as a “white horse.” So, we need to mention what the color white implies in the Bible.
While the use of color imagery was not the foremost interest of the writers of biblical literature, it proved an aid to their writing purposes. There are not many colors mentioned in Scripture. But of the colors mentioned they can be arranged in two classes—those applied to natural objects, and those of artificial mixtures employed in dyeing or painting.
Natural colors: These were five: white, black, red, (yellow and green).
Artificial colors: These were four: purple, blue, red (or crimson), and vermilion.
“White” – λευκός = leukos – (lyoo-kos’). From λυκεο – lukeô = “light,” sun light; white:—white.”
“Red” – πυρός – purrhos – (poor-hros’). From pur – πῦρ = “fire like, that is, (specifically) flame colored:—red.”
“Black” – μέλας – melas – (mel’-as). Apparently a primary word; “black:—black.”
“Ashen” – “greenish yellow” – χλωρός – chlóros – (khlo-ros’). From Chloe; “greenish, green, pale. Greenish-yellow (like young grass or leaves), pale-green, light-green, green, grassy, Odyssey, Sophocles, Euripides; Thucydides. 2. Yellow, of honey, Homer; on the yellow sand, Sophocles. II. Generally, pale, pallid, bleached, Iliad;—then, as an epith. of fear, Homer:—yellow, pallid, of persons affected by the plague, Thucydides. III. Without regard to colour, green, i.e. fresh, Odyssey, Aristophanes. 2. Metaphorically fresh, living, Sophocles, Euripides; the fresh, bursting tear, Euripides; fresh, young limbs, Theocritus.”
In earlier studies, we have seen three of these colors representing Christ on His throne in Rev 4:3.
- Clear maybe white = Glory
- Red = Redemption
- Green = Eternal Power
Here in Rev 6, we see colors associated with judgments brought on to the world.
- “White” is symbolic of purity or joy.
- “White” representative of conquest or victory.
- “Black” symbolizes judgment or decay.
- “Black” representative of famine or pestilence.
- “Red” symbolizes sin or life-blood.
- “Red” representative of wartime bloodshed. Isaiah used the color red as a symbol of the nature of sin ( 1:18).
- “Paleness” (literally, “greenish-gray”) representative of death.
The first mention of the color “white” occurs in Gen 30:35, where Jacob was trying to free himself from his uncle Laban’s authority. In his endeavor, Jacob agreed with Laban that Jacob would take the spotted, speckled, striped, and black goats and sheep, and Laban would have the solid colored ones. Any that had some white on them, Jacob would take. So, we see this color used to, “separate from authority.”
“White” was also the symbol of victory, and in ancient Rome a conquering general would ride into the city on a white horse.
So, the “white horse” of Rev 6:2 symbolizes, “separation from authority,” while at the same time represents, “a victor, conqueror riding in pageantry.”
Next, we have the word “Sat,” which is the Greek verb, κάθημαι – kathémai (kath’-ay-mahee). Kathemai is a Participle Verb in the Present, Middle Deponent, which means this acts like a noun and has an Active Voice meaning, “where the results of the action taken by the actor, benefit the actor.”
This word was used in extra biblical texts to mean, “to be seated in court by Aristophanes; or the judges, the court, by Thucydides, and others.” It means, “to sit down or take a seat.” The genesis of the word means, “to live a sedentary life.”
In others words, the White Horse Rider does what is necessary to peacefully take a seat and that seat benefits himself.
Then we note that he has a “Bow.”
The Hebrew word Qesheth is used for “Bow” in the Old Testament. This word is used throughout the Old Testament with the primary meaning of a weapon, as in Gen 27:3.
In the ancient world, the Bow was the weapon of choice. It was the weapon of leaders, kings, and military men. 2 Kings 9:24; 2 Sam 1:18; Hosea 1:5, 7
It is also used in Hosea 2:18, speaking of the Millennial Reign.
Hosea 2:18, “In that day I will also make a covenant for them with the beasts of the field, the birds of the sky and the creeping things of the ground. And I will abolish the bow, the sword and war from the land, and will make them lie down in safety.”
The first time the word Qesheth / “bow” is used in the Bible is found in Gen 9:13-17 to represent the Rainbow of promise, the covenant or peace treaty between God and man.
The reference in Rev 6:2 reminds us of the promise of Christ’s Second Advent, as it provides a comparison back to the days of Noah’s. Mat 24:37-38; Luke 17:26-27
2 Peter 2:5 and 1 Peter 3:20-22 provides a warning regarding the people in the days of Noah, compared to us today regarding the need for salvation of our souls.
2 Peter 2:4, “For if God did not spare angels when they sinned,…..5and did not spare the ancient world, but preserved Noah, a preacher of righteousness, with seven others, when He brought a flood upon the world of the ungodly…. 9then the Lord knows how to rescue the godly from temptation, and to keep the unrighteous under punishment for the day of judgment, 10and especially those who indulge the flesh in its corrupt desires and despise authority.”
The Greek word for “Bow” in Rev 6:2 is TOXON – τόξον. This is a Hapax Legomena, meaning it is only used once in the Greek text.
This Greek word is used in the LXX Septuagint for both, “Rainbows and Archer’s bows.” Gen 9:13, (rainbow); Joshua 24:12 (weapon); 1 Sam 2:4 (weapon), etc.
Gen 9:13, “I set My bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a sign of a covenant between Me and the earth.”
As a rainbow, it is used in Ezek 1:28 as the bow around Jesus Christ on His throne.
But in Rev 4:3, the Throne Room scene of the New Testament, another Greek word is used, IRIS – ἶρις. In other extra-biblical Greek texts, IRIS means, “rainbow or any bright-colored circle as that around the eyes of a peacock’s tail, or a sign to men.”
This word was not used in the Septuagint for the word rainbow in Gen. and Ezek. Satan counterfeited the meaning of this Greek word by saying it was the “female messenger of the gods.”
So, the “bow” that we have in Rev 6:2 possessed by the White Horse Rider is different from the rainbow around the Throne of Christ, as Christ is perfect and brings about a perfect covenant.
The “bow” of the White Horse Rider speaks to military might, but at the same time, it has the connotation of “a covenant that will be made.”
In other words, this is where we see a “peace treaty” being made by the Rider and Israel, and this is noted in Dan 9:27. That “peace treaty” will lead to Him ruling the world.
Dan 9:27, “And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week,…”
The “white horse” represents, “conquest, militarism.”
“White” suggests victory. Perhaps this picture of the horseman is taken from a Parthian cavalryman, the most dreaded enemy of the Roman Empire. Roman warriors of that time did not use the bow, which was the favorite weapon of the Parthians, who were the most feared army the Roman’s had to deal with. This would give excellent imagery for the reader of John’s day.
Next, we have the phrase, “a crown was given to him.”
The Greek word for crown here is στέφανος – stephanos (stef’-an-os). Stephanos means, “a crown, wreath, garland: especially at the public games, a crown of victory.”
Stephanos’ were prize-crowns, mostly made out of leaves of:
- Olives at the Olympic Games.
- Laurel at the Pythian.
- Parsley at the Nemean.
- Ivy or Pine at the Isthmian.
Etymology and Isagogics:
- The Bible must be interpreted in the time in which it was written. The “crowns” of the Roman Empire are the pattern.
- The Greek word STEPHANOS means, “crown, a reward for winning.”
- The Greek word DIADEMA means, “a crown for a king, used for the second highest decoration in the Roman army.”
DIADEMA is not used when speaking of Christians rewards, because few will rule with Christ during the Millennium, and He is the King wearing the Diadem crown. Rev. 19:12
Stephanos, on the other hand, is a crown given for victory, as we become victorious through Jesus Christ, 1 Cor 15:57. We gain further victories through the application of the power of the Holy Spirit and the Word of God. Rev 2-3
Diadema is not used of the Antichrist at this time, because here we see him obtaining his throne through a victory, though a peaceful one. Later in Rev 13:1 his crown is said to be a DIADEMA, as he is identified as Satan’s number two man. See Rev 13:4 also 13:7 for similarities to 6:2
- The Latin CORONA was the highest decoration in the army, and is the exact equivalent of the Greek STEPHANOS.
- The Romans had many different crowns as decorations in the military; they also gave crowns to the winners of athletic contests.
a.) The corona – obsidionalis or grammania, a wreath of golden strands was the highest decoration. This was given for breaking a blockade or raising a siege.
b.) The corona civica was a crown made of golden oak leaves. This was awarded to a soldier who saved the life of another citizen in battle.
c.) The corona navalis was the highest decoration in the navy for destroying an enemy fleet or the first marine to board an enemy ship.
d.) The corona muralis was awarded to the first soldier who scaled the wall of a besieged city.
e.) The corona vallaris was awarded to the first soldier to reach the enemy lines in battle.
f.) The corona aurea was a golden crown for gallantry in battle or any heroic act in battle.
g.) The corona triumphalis was awarded to a victorious commander
- Each crown included monetary reward, freedom from taxes, children educated at public expense, and a statue of the person erected in the public square. The crown is used by analogy for the greatest honors God can give to believers.
- Each winner in the national games received many rewards and privileges.
- He received a crown of leaves, which represented the rewards he would receive when he returned home.
- This is analogous to us receiving eternal escrow blessings when we go home to heaven. 2 Cor 5:10
- He had a special entrance cut into the wall of his hometown city which he passed through when he returned home. Then a plaque was put up after the wall was Sealed up again.
- For the Believer – Dine with him. Rev. 3:20
- He rode in the best chariot through the city in a parade.
- For the Believer – Resurrection Body. 1 Cor 15:51-52
- He received a lifetime pass to all future games.
- For the Believer – Gazebo in the Garden. Rev 2:7
- He received a great amount of money.
- For the Believer – White Stone with Name. Rev 2:17
- An ode was written to him by a poet.
- For the Believer – Book of life and announced before God and Angels. Rev 3:5
- A statue of him was put up in the public square.
- For the Believer – Pillar. Rev 3:7
- His children were fed and educated at public expense.
- For the Believer – You and your household – Many rooms in the mansion. Acts 16:31; John 14:12
- He was exempt from all income taxes for life.
- For the Believer – Eternal life. Rev 2:11
Various Crowns will be Distributed to WINNERS at the Judgment Seat of Christ:
There are many types of rewards for the believer who advances in the Plan of God, but there are four specific rewards that you can attain. These specific awards are called STEPHANOS in the Greek and “Crowns” in the English.
In 1 Cor 9:24-27, the believer is challenged to receive a crown reward. Also in Phil. 3:14.
In 1 Cor 9:27, the word “Buffet” is the Greek word – ὑπωπιάζω – hupópiazó (hoop-o-pee-ad’-zo) This word means:
- The part of the face that is under the eyes.
- To beat black and blue, to smite so as to cause bruises and livid spots, like a boxer one buffets his body, handle it roughly, discipline by hardships.
- To give one intolerable annoyance, beat one out, wear one out, bruise, mortify.
Phil 3:14, “I press on (Dioko – pursue, chase after) toward the goal (Skopos – look after, watch, goal) for the prize (Barbeon- prize in the public games) of the upward (Ano – accomplish, achieve, finish, complete) call (Klesis – call, called into court, invitation) of God in Christ Jesus.”
Phil 3:14, I press on toward the goal to WIN the crown God called me to WIN in Christ Jesus.
These Crowns will be distributed to you at the “BEMA,” the Judgment Seat of Jesus Christ. 1 Cor 3:11-15; 2 Cor 5:10
At the Judgment Seat, there are only two categories of believers, winners and losers of awards. Which one you are all depends on your use of God’s grace, from salvation until death, in the fulfillment of the plan of God for your life.
The WINNER learns and uses the Word of God through the filling of the Holy Spirit. Potential rewards include decorations, knighthood, a uniform of glory, a coat of arms, a place in the eternal chivalry, and other rewards.
Losers have nothing and winners have everything. There never has been nor ever will be any equality. There is no excuse for being a loser. All losers are losers by choice and by priorities. Losers are arrogant and self-made.
The Judgment Seat of Christ is where all distinctions begin and continue for eternity.
The “Crown of Righteousness” will be given to the WINNER believer who executes the Plan of God for their life during the Church Age. It represents a tremendous amount of privileges, blessings, and opportunities in the eternal state. 2 Timothy 4:7-8
2 Tim 4:7, “I have fought the good fight, I have finished the course, I have kept the faith; 8in the future there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will award to me on that day; and not only to me, but also to all who have loved His appearing.”
This crown is awarded to the believer who applies unconditional love towards believers and unbelievers based on their love for God. It’s given for your application of virtue, honor, and integrity through the utilization of God’s Word and the filling of the Holy Spirit.
The “Crown of Life” will be given for the believer who attains spiritual maturity. The Crown of Life is given to the believer who passes Evidence Testing, as a witness for the Prosecution, in the rebuttal phase of Satan’s appeal trial. James 1:12
James 1:12, “Happy is that person who perseveres under testing; for once he has passed the test, he will receive the crown of life which the Lord has promised to those who love Him.”
Jesus loved God the Father. Jesus loves you. That’s how and why He went through all the torture! You can do the same!
- This winner believer will utilize to the fullest his spiritual gift, his ambassadorship, and his royal priesthood. 2 Cor 5:20; 1 Peter 2:9
- They will have impact personally, historically, and internationally.
- They will have lasting impact to their future generations and be a witness to the angels.
John 15 is the blue print for the winner believer who will receive the Crown of Life.
Rev 2:10 (Smyrna), “Be faithful until death, and I will give you the crown of life.”
The “Incorruptible Crown of Glory” will be given to the Pastor-Teacher who was faithful in communicating the mystery doctrine for the Church Age. This Pastor leads members of his congregation to spiritual maturity. 1 Peter 5:4; 1 Thes. 2:20
1 Peter 5:4, “And when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the unfading crown of glory.”
1 Thes 2:20, “For you are our glory and joy.”
This crown will consist of the spiritually mature believers under His care.
The “Crown of Joy” is given to the winner believer who witnesses by communicating the gospel message and the mystery doctrine for the Church Age to others. 4:1; 1 Thes. 2:19-20; 1 Cor 9:24-27
Whether you are a Pastor or not, we all have the responsibility to evangelize and exhort our neighbors, family and friends.
Phil 4:1, “Therefore, my beloved brethren whom I long to see, my joy and crown, in this way stand firm in the Lord, my beloved.”
1 Thes 2:19-20, “For who is our hope or joy or crown of exultation? Is it not even you, in the presence of our Lord Jesus at His coming? 20For you are our glory and joy.”
The ones you reach and impact with the doctrine you share will be the basis of your Crown of Joy.
God tells us to keep the doctrine we have in our souls and not lose out on the rewards awaiting us.
Rev 3:11, “I am coming quickly; hold fast what you have, so that no one will take your crown.”
With Stephanos, we also have the Aorist, Passive, Indicative of Didomai – “to give.”
Together they mean, as correctly stated in the NASB, “a crown was given to him.”
Remember the phrase, “He who sat on it” (the horse) was in the Present, Middle Deponent which means, “He actively took the seat and was sitting on it, which had a benefit or result back to Himself.”
That was also in the Participle, which gives it a noun connotation. That means that the saddle is a Seat of Judgment or Authority.
But here the Crown is given to him. He did not take it himself. So someone or something else gave it to him. In order for someone or something to give a crown to someone else, the giver must be in higher authority than the recipient is.
The President is not in higher authority than the people who elected him. A king is not in higher authority than the subjects who provide for his kingdom.
In this case, whether the giver of the crown be Satan himself or world rulers, Rev. 13:1-2, 7, ultimately all authority comes from God, and this crown is given to the White Horse Rider by God.
John 19:11, “Jesus answered, ‘You would have no authority over Me, unless it had been given you from above.’”
Rom 13:1 & 4, “Every person is to be in subjection to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those, which exist, are established by God … 4for it is a minister of God to you for good. But if you do what is evil, be afraid; for it does not bear the sword for nothing; for it is a minister of God, an avenger who brings wrath on the one who practices evil.
Authority is also a matter of human volition.
- All authority in life is dependent upon human volition; that is human response to it. A person can have all kinds of authority, but if no one else recognizes it, he doesn’t have that authority.
Mat 27:40, “and saying, ‘You who are going to destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, save Yourself! If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross.’”
The world rejected Christ’s authority as Savior; therefore, He has no authority to save them. Therefore, in judgment, God brings in worldly authority to show them that that authority cannot save their souls and only the authority of Christ can. So all authority in life is a matter of human volition, human decision.
- We are free to accept or reject authority in life. We are free to accept or reject legitimate authority or pseudo authority.
Philemon 1:14, “but without your consent I did not want to do anything, so that your goodness would not be, in effect, by compulsion but of your own free will.”
We choose to accept the legitimate authority of Christ, His Word, His Spirit, His principles (Divine Establishments), or accept the illegitimate or pseudo authority of the cosmic system.
- Arrogance results from the rejection of legitimate authority in life. Such arrogance is the source of evil and psychosis, 1 Tim 6:3-5. Rejection of authority causes people to degenerate, either morally or immorally. Wherever God has established authority, Satan has set up a system of pseudo authority to destroy it, or has infiltrated that system of authority with incompetence to destroy it.
- Although the husband has legitimate authority over the wife, his authority is useless unless the wife, from her own free will, recognizes it and accepts it. If she doesn’t, the chances are that she will set up a system of illegitimate authority and wear the pants in the home. This is how a wife becomes a dictator. You call it a marriage. I like to call it a dictator. Eph 5:22-33
- While God has delegated authority in the human race like government, marriage, and home, this authority is no good unless human volition accepts it, Rom 13:1-4. In order for the Antichrist to take full authority, the people have to accept it. True authority in life is based on the fact that God has made sacred human life and property. The Antichrist will attack both and the people will follow.
- God desires for the entire human race to be the Bride of Christ. Yet, the human race rejects the authority of the husband and becomes “self-determinant”. This is arrogance in the form of rejection of authority and is judged in the 1st Seal.
- This principle of rejection also holds true inside the bride of Christ today. You reject the authority of your husband by ignoring the intake of His Word through His assigned Pastor, and you waste your life because of “self-determination.”
- While parents have legitimate authority in the home over the children, this authority is useless unless the children recognize it from their own free will and accept it. Eph 6:1-4
Whether blessing or discipline, our Father loves us. We should recognize His love and authority by loving His actions towards us. Authority is useless and meaningless unless recognized and accepted by human volition.
This is why we have revolutions, violence, crimes, and other functions of evil, which explains the rise of Hitler in Germany and Lennon in Russia, Castro in Cuba, Hussein in Iraq, and a host of others.
So, while God has absolute authority from His own free will, the world rejected His authority, and therefore transferred itself from being under the directive will of God (accept Christ) to the permissive will of God (reject Christ).
God does not hinder. He warns and gives opportunity for changing. Num 22:22-35
The world from time to time recognizes and accepted the authority of God until God gives a mandate, a command which is incompatible with their own personal desires. Examples: Palm Sunday, Balaam, etc.
Principle: The permissive will of God is based on the fact of human volition as the means of resolving the angelic conflict. The integrity of God recognizes human volition, and either rewards it or punishes it. For man must take the responsibility for his own decisions. The Doctrine of the Permissive Will of God permits the function of human volition contrary to the directive will of God, under the principle of Human Freedom. We are free to fail and free to succeed. Therefore, the permissive will of God functions when we reject the directive will of God. Which means simply this, that God does not tamper with human volition.
So, when the world rejects the authority of God’s word and the divine mandates contained in God’s word, it has in essence destroyed the authority of God in the world. It has reverted to the cosmic system and the authority of Satan as the ruler of this world.
This brings us to a partial explanation of a secondary concept:
Dictatorship and Evil
- People naturally gravitate to power. People use their free will to naturally gravitate to power. This is why, in the public school, the bully has the authority. People naturally gravitate to power. People often gravitate to power at the expense of their freedom.
This is a terrible danger and becomes an evil. People often see in power their personal security. That is why the world will be turning to the antichrist during the Tribulation. Even after years of horrific events, because of the event of Rev 13:3-4, the world will perceive power and go there versus going to Christ.
- This type of gravitation requires the use of your own volition or free will. You can choose to succumb to bullying tactics or reject it.
- EXOUSIA is the Greek word for this type of authority. It is often translated “power” in the Bible.
John 1:12; “But as many as received Him (Speaking of Christ), to them He gave the power to become sons of God, even to those who believe in His name.”
But typically, EXOUSIA is translated “authority” and means, “authority to do a thing, freedom to action, right to act, power over, license in a thing, an office, or body of authority.”
In 1 Cor 11:10, it is used of the man’s symbol of authority over the women, where she must choose to give him that authority.
In Rev 2:25-26, it is speaking of the authority we will be given by Christ over nations, if we choose to fulfill God’s plan for our lives.
In Rev 6:8, the 4th horseman is given the authority to kill one-fourth of mankind.
In Rev 12:10, it is used of Christ being on His throne at the right hand of the Father. Given by the Father, based on Christ’s choice to fulfill the Father’s Plan.
In Rev 13:2, the Antichrist will be established as a dictator, when Satan gives him his seat of authority.
Rev 13:2, “And the beast which I saw was like a leopard, and his feet were like those of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. And the dragon gave him his power (Dunamis) and his throne and great authority (Exousia).”
- When people gravitate to power, like to the power of God’s power system, they use their volition to make a good decision toward legitimate authority and divine blessings. This is not what the world does. It uses its Exousia to be self-determinate, absent from God.
- When people gravitate to the power of the cosmic system, they use their volition to make a bad decision toward illegal and evil authority. The consequences are personal and historical disaster, which is the case for the Tribulation world.
- This is why and how dictators become the oppressors of people. The French Revolution started with a Bourgeoisie, the middle class, but it ended up with the oppressors, the dictators. This explains the lies of Adolph Hitler, Lennon, Stalin, and Hussein, and explains the acceptance of the Antichrist.
- In times of tribulation or trouble, the free will of man chooses the strong man or the apparent or alleged strong man, and all too often his strength is the evil of the cosmic system. The election of Saul by Israel is a good example of this.
So, the crown, “illegitimate authority,” given to the White Horse Rider with a Bow, (Antichrist), is ultimately given to him under the permissive will of God. God uses Satan and the people of the world as agents of delivering the authority to the Antichrist. God does so in order to bring about righteous judgment onto the world for its rejection of the “legitimate authority” found in the Lord Jesus Christ.
Next, we have the words “he went out conquering and to conquer”
“went out” – ἐξέρχομαι – exerchomai (ex-er’-khom-ahee) – Aorist, Active, Indicative, which means, “to go out of.”
nikōn kai hina nikēsē
νικῶν καὶ ἵνα νικήσῃ
“Conquering and in order to conquer.”
Nikon – Pres, Act, Participle – Nikao – “Conquering.”
Nikese – Aorist, Active, Subjunctive (supposed or desired action) – Because this Subjunctive is tied to “Hina,” it is a “Dependent Subordinate Clause,” indicating purpose and result, where it indicates both the intention and its sure accomplishment.
After the church has been raptured, the way will be opened for Antichrist to move in triumph.
Read: 2 Thes. 2:1-5
Isa 14:14, “I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.”
Ezek 28:2, “Because your heart is lifted up and you have said, ‘I am a god, I sit in the seat of gods in the heart of the seas;’;yet you are a man and not God, although you make your heart like the heart of God.”
Read: 2 Thes 2:6-9 and Rev 13:4-17
There will be a false peace temporarily, for he will unite Europe and the Muslim world and make his pact with the Jews. 1 Thes 5:2-3
Remember that the phrase, “The day of the Lord” is speaking of a time frame that encompasses up to 1,007. It begins with the Rapture and ends with the destruction of the earth at the end of the Millennium.
- In reference to the Rapture: Read, 1 Thes 5:1-11.
- In reference to His Second Advent: Mal 4:5-6, “Behold, I am going to send you Elijah (Rev 11:3-12) the prophet before the coming of the great and terrible day of the LORD. 6“He will restore the hearts of the fathers to their children and the hearts of the children to their fathers, so that I will not come and smite the land with a curse.”
- In relation to the end of the Millennium: 2 Peter 3:10, “But the day of the Lord will come like a thief, in which the heavens will pass away with a roar and the elements will be destroyed with intense heat, and the earth and its works will be burned up.”
Doctrine of the Antichrist
- The Greek preposition “anti” has a dual connotation:
a) Instead of, in place of.
b) The connotation for this study is that it means, “conflict;” therefore, “against” is the primary meaning. An antichrist is someone against the Lord.
Antichrist in the Church Age.
- In the church age, antichrist refers to anyone who resides and functions in the cosmic system of Satan.
- Antichrist is synonymous with:
a) “the enemy of the Cross”, Phil 3:18, (believers living in the power of the cosmic system).
b) “the enemy of God,” James 4:4, (if you are a friend of the world).
c) “the hater of God,” Jn 15:23, (unbelievers who hate Christ, and therefore also hate the Father).
Believers are never specifically referred to as antichrists, only unbelievers are called antichrist in the Bible. 1 Jn 2:18 & 22; 4:3; 2 Jn 7.
The church age is the only time to use God’s power system to avoid being an antichrist. Using God’s power system starts with salvation, with the resultant indwelling of the Holy Spirit, coupled with His filling and the application of the Word of God.
The principle here is the same as our Lord used in speaking of Satan’s kingdom, which can be applied to any kingdom including the kingdom of God.
Mat 12:26, “If Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself; how then will his kingdom stand?”
The Antichrist in the Tribulation.
- The antichrist in the tribulation is one person, an unbeliever functioning under the cosmic systems. He sells himself out to the devil more than any other person does.
- He has many names or titles in the Bible.
- “The feet of the image,” Dan 2:31 45.
- “The little horn” – Dan 7:8, 19-26; 8:9.
- “A king of fierce countenance” (KJV) – Dan 8:23-26.
- “The prince who is to come” – Dan 9:26.
- “The Willful King” – Dan 11:36.
- “The prince of Tyre,” Ezek 28:1 10. He is given this title because of the Phoenician Satan worship.
- “Man of lawlessness/sin”, “Son of Destruction/Perdition”, “That lawless/wicked” – 2 Thes 2:3-8.
- “The abomination of desolation,” Mt 24:15. A statue of him is put up in the temple at Jerusalem, a sign for all believers to flee to the mountains.
- “Antichrist” – 1 John 2:18
- “The Beast” – Rev 13:1 10 (his political title); “the beast,” Rev 17:8-13 (his religious title), “the beast on whom the scarlet woman rides.”
Jesus said in John 5:43 that he would “come in his own name.”
- The antichrist is one of two great dictators who emerge in the tribulation.
a) He is the beast out of the sea (the sea of nations), the Gentile ruler of the revived Roman Empire who exalts himself. Dan 11:36-37; 2 Thes 2:4
b) He is also the leader of ecumenical religion in the Tribulation. Rev 17
As much as the antichrist is a rival or counterfeit Christ, he is also an opposing Christ.
A chart by Clarence Larking (Dispensational Truth) clearly compares him with Christ in a series of contrasts.
- Christ came from Above. John 6:38
Antichrist ascends from The Pit. 11:7
- Christ came in His Father’s John 5:43
Antichrist comes in his Own name. John 5:43
- Christ Humbled Phil. 2:8
Antichrist Exalts himself. 2 Thess. 2:4
- Christ Despised. 53:3; Luke 23:18
Antichrist Admired. Rev. 13:3, 4
- Christ Exalted. 2:9
Antichrist Cast Down to Hell. Isa. 14:14, 15; Rev. 19:20
- Christ to do His Father’s John 6:38
Antichrist to do his Own will. Dan. 11:36
- Christ came to Save. Luke 19:10
Antichrist comes to Destroy. 8:24
- Christ is the Good Shepherd. John 10:4-15
Antichrist is the Worthless (evil) Shepherd. 11:16, 17
- Christ is the “True Vine.” John 15:1
Antichrist is the “Vine of the Earth.” 14:18
- Christ is the “Truth.” John 14:6
Antichrist is the “Lie.” 2 Thes 2:11
- Christ is the “Holy One.” Mark 1:24
Antichrist is the “Lawless One.” 2 Thes 2:8
- Christ is the “Man of Sorrows,” 53:3
Antichrist is the “Man of Sin.” 2 Thes 2:3
- Christ is the “Son of God.” Luke 1:35
Antichrist is the “Son of Perdition,” 2 Thes 2:3.
- Christ, “The Mystery of Godliness,” is God manifest in the flesh. 1 Tim. 3:16
Antichrist, “The Mystery of Iniquity,'” will be Satan manifest in the flesh. 2 Thes 2:7
The Antichrist is Satan’s personified son and may be identified by comparing:
- John 17:12; Rev 17:8; John 8:44; 6:70-71, and Rev 11:7; Acts 1:25; Rev 17:8.
This individual is either Judas Iscariot, or a demon that indwelt him and that will indwell the person of the antichrist.
Back to Rev 6:1-2 – The Person of the Antichrist.
The very image of an archer on a white horse would strike terror into the heart of a pro-Roman reader. The only mounted archers of antiquity were the Parthians; whose tactics and skills had made them Rome’s most feared enemies. Old Persian armies, whose heirs were the Parthians, always included sacred white horses.
And although the Old Testament uses the “bow” as a symbol of judgment by battle, more generally, Roman readers would think of this eastern nation that had defeated them in some recent wars, because the Parthians’ as skilled archers was common knowledge.
So, the imagery of the “White Horse Rider with a Bow and Crown” would be a striking one to the early reader, and it should be for us today. The Antichrist will have power and authority to carry out his self-fulfilling will upon planet earth.
He will be a “composite” man.
He is described in three different analogies in the Bible. The Beast out of the Sea, the fourth wild beast, and the little horn all represent the antichrist. Dan 7:7-8, 19-25; Rev 13:1-7
When we find in prophecy “three symbolic personages” that come upon the stage of action at the same time, occupy the same territory, exhibit the same character, do the same work, exist the same length of time, and meet the same fate they must symbolize the same thing. (3 is the number of unity)
In Dan 7, the fourth beast sounds very similar to the Old Roman Empire, while John’s beast describes the revived Roman Empire.
In Daniel’s 4th beast, the teeth and nails of brass represent the strength, grip, and power of the Roman Empire. Even though the Roman Empire was split in 364 AD into two parts, Eastern and Western, and ceased to be a power as a nation a few years later, its Religious influence is still evident in the Greek and Roman churches, and Roman law is still a basis for law in the West and Europe.
In Rev 13:1-7, John’s beast embodies all the characteristics of the Daniel’s 4th beast, and both represent both the revivals of a nation and its leader the Antichrist.
In Rev 13:2, we see in the Beast a picture of the first-three beasts of Daniel, culminating in the last beast.
- We see a Leopard’s body = the empire of Greece (which was broken up into Thrace, Macedonia, Syria, and Egypt – four heads of Daniel’s 3rd Dan 7:6
- Bear’s feet = the empire of Medo-Persia,
- Lion’s mouth = the empire of Babylon.
Given the largest portion of this Beast, the body is a Leopard, it tells us that the prevailing characteristic of the Beast will be Grecian.
Some believe that in Dan 11:1-45, 15-years after his vision of the Ram and He Goat (Greece. Dan 8), the Lord identifies where the Antichrist would come from being identified as the King of the North, which was Syria.
When you compare the description of the King of the North and the Little Horn, you see they can be one and the same. Dan 11:36-38
The Antichrist is someone who has in his character the abilities and powers of Alexander the Great, Xerxes, Nebuchadnezzar, and Caesar Augustus.
Both Daniel’s and John’s beasts have ten horns that identify them with the ten toes of Daniel’s statue of great nations. Dan 2:32-35; Rev 17:12, and speaks to the ten federations of nations and kings that will come together in the last times to form the revived Roman Empire.
The Seven heads found in John’s beast may represent the iterations of the Roman Empire since its inception up to the time of its revival.
“Antichrist will have the marvelous gift of attracting unregenerate men, and the irresistible fascination of his personality, his versatile attainments, superhuman wisdom, great administrative and executive ability, along with his powers as a consummate flatterer, a brilliant diplomatists, a superb strategist will make him the most conspicuous and prominent of men.
Satan, whose tool he will be, will give all these gifts to him and will make him the Superman. Rev 13:2
He will pose as a great humanitarian, the friend of men, and the especial friend of the Jewish race, whom he will persuade that he has come to usher in the “Golden Age” as pictured by the prophets, and who will receive him as their Messiah.
He will intoxicate men with a strong delusion and his never varying success.
And when he is slain and rises again, he will have lost none of these powers, but will be in addition the embodiment of all kinds of wickedness and blasphemy.” (Clarence Larkin, Dispensational Truth, pg. 122) Dan 7:25: 8:25; 11:36-45; 2 Thes 2:3-9
The above parallels Mat 24:5, and fulfills Christ’s prophecy in John 5:43.
Mat 24:5, “For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am the Christ,’ and will mislead many.”
John 5:43, “I have come in My Father’s name, and you do not receive Me; if another comes in his own name, you will receive him.”
The Person of the Antichrist – Conclusion
Dan 9:26-27 w/ Rev 6:1-2
Mat 24:15, “Therefore when you see the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand).” w/ Mark 13:14
It should be obvious that the events of Revelation have their background in previous prophecies, which aids in interpreting John’s revelation.
Revelation does not use the term Antichrist, but as in Rev 13:4-6, the supernatural character is given the name “the Beast” and many other names, as noted previously. (Little horn, Prince of fierce countenance, Lawlessness, etc.)
He is called Antichrist in 1 John 2:18; 1 John 4:3
1 John 2:18, Children, it is the last hour; and just as you heard that antichrist is coming, even now many antichrists have appeared;”
Then we see in Rev 13:14, 15 that another beast makes him the object of worship along with Satan, the source of his power.
It has always been Satan’s purpose to receive the worship due to God alone, as stated in Isaiah 14:14, “I will make myself like the Most High.”
This is Satan’s final form of counterfeit religion in which he assumes the place of God the Father; the Beast or the world ruler assumes the role of king of kings as a substitute for Christ, and the False Prophet “the other beast” substitutes for God the Holy Spirit.
Mat 24:11, “Many false prophets will arise and will mislead many.”
Rev 13:15, “And it was given to him (other beast) to give breath (PNEUMA-spirit) to the image of the beast, so that the image of the beast would even speak and cause as many as do not worship the image of the beast to be killed.” w/ Rev 16:13
2 Cor 4:4, “In whose case the god of this world (Satan) has blinded the minds of the unbelieving so that they might not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.”
This intensified situation is introduced at the beginning of the last three and one-half years when the Great Tribulation begins. Dan 7:25; 9:27; Rev 12:14; 13:5
Dan 7:25, “He will speak out against the Most High and wear down the saints of the Highest One, and he will intend to make alterations in times and in law; and they will be given into his hand for a time, times, and half a time.”
Recognizing the supernatural character of Satan and the ruler, the question is raised, who is like the beast? Who can make war against him? (Rev. 13:4)
The supernatural character may explain how the beast could become world ruler without a war.
His blasphemous assumption of the role of God continues for 42 months, during which time he blasphemes God, as well as heaven and those who live in heaven. Rev 13:6
Rev 13:6, “And he opened his mouth in blasphemies against God, to blaspheme His name and His tabernacle, that is, those who dwell in heaven.”
Clarence Larken stated in 1918, “After the Church has been caught out, the Jews will be gathered to their own land unconverted. About this time ten of the Nations occupying the territory of the old Roman Empire will enter into a Federation. Among the Ten Kings of those Nations will arise the Antichrist. He will soon prove himself to be a Great Ruler and will be made President. The Government will be a Democratic Monarchy.”
Well, we have already seen two out of three of these things already, prior to the Church being caught out.
It is a future historical fact that God’s Lion-like living creature, who represents authority, will call forth a white horse rider who peacefully, with military might backing calls for and establishes a truce with Israel.
His greatness and genius will cause the bestowing of kingship on him as ordained by God. And his purpose will be to overthrow all nations and ultimately overthrow God.
But in the end, all his evil power and intent will be defeated as the Satanic Trinity is cast into the Lake of Fire. Rev 19:20; 20:10
Rev 20:10, “And the devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are also; and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.”
Because of the rejection of the authority, justly and rightly found in Christ, God will bring about the Judgment of authority on the earth by allowing the Antichrist to reign to failure.
So concludes, the meaning of the First Seal Judgment.
What is the Relationship of the events of Revelation to Christ’s sermon on the end times? Mat 24 and Mark 13, w/ Rev 6
As J. Dwight Pentecost points out in (Things to Come, pp. 280-82), and Clarence Larkin identified in (Dispensational Truth), as well as many other theologians, the order of events in Revelation 6 and the order of events in Matthew 24 and Mark 13 are strikingly similar:
In Mat 24:3, the disciples asked our Lord three questions in relation to the times and events of His return, “Parousia” the Coming of the Lord. See 1 Thes 4:15-17; 2 Thes 2:1-10 for Parousia.
Keep in mind that the 2nd Coming of our Lord is made up of two separate events that are the end caps of the 7-year Tribulation period, the “rapture of the church” and the “2nd advent.”
The questions in Mat 24:3 are more directly related to the latter. The three questions were:
1) When will these things be?
2) What will be the sign of your coming?
3) What will be the sign of the end of the age?
Our Lord set out to answer these questions individually and His answers parallel the prophecy of John in Rev. 6.
This again tells us that Jesus Christ is undeniably Deity.
So how does our Lord answer their questions in parallel to Rev 6?
1) When will these things be?
He answers this question in Mat 24:4-13
- 24:4-5; “Many come in my name saying, “I am the Christ””, with 1st Seal – Rev 6:1-2
- 24:6-7; “Wars and rumors of wars”, with the 2nd Seal – Rev. 6:3-4
- 24:7; “There will be famines”, with the 3rd Seal – Rev. 6:5-6
- 24:7-8; “Wars, famine, pestilence (KJV), with the 4th Seal – Rev. 6:7-8
- 24:9-13; “they will kill you” Martyrdom, with the 5th Seal – Rev. 6:9-11
Mat 24:14 goes on to prophesize the work of the 144,000 Jews with Rev 7:1-8
2) What will be the sign of your coming?
- Mat 24:15-22; “Abomination of Desolation” and “Great Tribulation”, with Dan 9:27; 2 Thes 2:4; Rev 13:7-18
Dan 9:27b “And on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction,”
3) What will be the sign of the end of the age?
- 24:29-30; “The sun and the moon darkened with stars falling”, with the 6th Seal – Rev. 6:12-17
- 24:32-25:13; Parables of His return in accordance with the world knowing His imminent return, Rev. 6:15-17
Interestingly enough, our Lord’s answers were intended to motivate the hears to not worry about the end or missing out on it, but to encourage them to treat every day as if He were coming back, noting that our time on earth is short.
Mat 24:33, “So, you too, when you see all these things, recognize that He is near, right at the door.”
Many of these things we see every day!!!
The 2nd Seal Judgment
Rev 6:3-4, “And when He broke the second seal, I heard the second living creature say, ‘Come’. 4And another, a red horse, went out; and to him who sat on it, it was granted to take peace from the earth, and that men should slay one another, and a great sword was given to him.”
Read: Zeph 1:14-18
Remembering that the Bible interprets itself, let’s review the following that leads us in understanding the Seven Seal Judgments:
1) Numerology helps define this scene.
2) There was a seven-fold message to the seven churches, including the revelation of Christ and church problem in Rev 2-3.
3) There was a seven-fold praise by the angels in Rev 5:12.
4) Each of the four living creatures are represented in the first four Seals what is their importance.
5) A lead tribe of Israel represented each Living Creature. The lead tribesmen name says something about Christ and the first four Seal Judgments.
6) Colors are used in the first four Seals and have meaning in the Bible.
7) The word “Seal(s)” is mentioned four times in Revelation 5. How are the references in Chapter 5 related to the first four references to “Seal” of Chapter 6?
8) How are the four-fold praises of Rev 5:13 related to the Seals in Chapter 5 and 6.
By understanding the things that God shows us throughout His word, we can better understand the events of the Tribulation and the Judgments for the unbelieving world.
1) Numerology helps define this scene.
This is one of the first four Judgments. Four in scripture means, “material completeness and is the world number.” Therefore, we note that this judgment is specifically related to worldliness.
The first four Judgments have to do with world order, worldly authority, material things and physical life. The Cosmic System.
So, we note that the first four Seal Judgments speak to judgments that are complete in revealing the need for a Savior, as compared to what the world has to offer.
The World did not accept the authority and provisions that God has for them, so He brings these Judgments to show them that worldliness cannot save them. John 3:16, 36; Acts 4:12; 16:30-31
This shows us that through the first four Seal Judgments, the world is reconciled to God only through Lamb.
Rev 6:3-4 is the second Seal judgment to be opened, so the number two is noted.
Two is the number of division.
The world rejected the unity found in Christ, and therefore will ultimately receive division and divisiveness as both anarchy and potentially the third world war sets in.
So Division is a main theme of this judgment.
2) The seven-fold message to the seven churches in Rev 2-3, including the revelation of Christ, the church’s problem, and the promise of blessing.
The second church was the church at Smyrna. This church is known as the Suffering Church (Rev 2:8-11)
- Christ revealed: Rev 2:8
In Verse 8, we see Christ revealed two ways with two components each.
a) “The first and the last” – This phraseology is similar to “the Alpha and the Omega” and is found in Rev 1:8, 17; 21:6; 22:13
This phrase would be strikingly familiar to the Jews, as our Lord revealed Himself to them this way in: Isa 41:4; 44:6-8; and 48:12-14.
In Rev 21:6 and 22:13, we see then a division caused on account of the “Alpha and the Omega,” salvation for those who accepted Christ as Savior, eternal condemnation for those who rejected Him as Savior.
b) “Who was dead and has come to life” – This is repeated from Rev 1:18, and tells us of the way to eternal life. Through His death, we have life if we accept it; otherwise, we have eternal death in the Lake of Fire.
So, from the two revelations of Christ to the suffering church, we see that He is all that is needed for life, both in time and eternity. He has all the abundance we need, and His work will cause divisions in both time and eternity.
- Problem with the Church: Rev 2:9-10a
Their problem, the people thought they were poor yet in Christ they are rich.
Eph 2:7, “So that in the ages to come He might show the surpassing riches of His grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus.”
These Smyrnaians believers were divided in their thinking about the all sufficiency of Christ. Their faith was wavering.
They had tremendous faith, but were being attacked by those who rejected Christ.
They were enduring mental / spiritual attacks from the Judaizers who rejected Christ.
They were about to endure physical attacks from the Roman’s, pawns of Satan’s cosmic rule.
Their suffering would have an end though, and the Lord exhorts them to stand fast as He does to all believers. Eph 6:10-20
Satan’s two-fold attack on them through religion and world government is intended to drive a wedge in their faith; trying to cause divisions within their souls and within the local body.
This is a preview of Satan’s grand design for the Tribulation. But instead, we are to maintain unity within our souls and as members of the body of Christ, Phil 2:1-10. When we do, our Lord promises us tremendous blessings.
- Promises for blessing: Rev 2:10b-11
In these verses, we see not just one aspect of blessing but two, the Crown of Life and not hurt by second death.
The “Crown of Life” is for those believers who remain steadfast and faithful until they are taken home. It is a reward that will signify their faithfulness to Christ during their life on earth, and one that signifies a tremendous life in heaven for all of eternity.
This reward is for the winner believer who not only is saved, but has excelled in their spiritual walk.
The Crown of Life will be given to the believer who attains spiritual maturity by applying the Problem Solving Devices especially number 3 the Faith Rest Life.
The Crown of Life is also given to the believer who passes Evidence Testing as a witness for the Prosecution in the rebuttal phase of Satan’s appeal trial. James 1:12, as was noted to the Smyrnaians believers.
James 1:12, “Happy is that person who perseveres under testing; for once he has passed the test, he will receive the Crown of Life which the Lord has promised to those who love Him.”
The second reward mentioned is for the overcomer – the flat-out believer. Rev 2:11
We know this because of the word Nikon which means, “victor,” “overcomer.” It is in the Present Tense, Active Voice, and is a Participle.
This Participle is a Nominative Absolute which is Substantival, and treats the verb with a noun sense and lessens the force of the action of the verb.
It identifies the overcomer as a “thing” without any force of the Mood of the verb, (as the Indicative or Subjunctive Mood would give emphasis on the action of the verb).
However, the Participle does act like an Indicative Mood, giving a sense of the reality of the verb.
Therefore, we can say that the overcomer is simply a believer based on a non-meritorious act of faith.
In this case, the victor or overcome is a present reality, but being an overcomer is not based on the strength of their own actions.
Therefore, this overcomer can be a winner or loser believer who will receive salvation because of their faith in the saving work of Christ. Acts 16:31
Acts 16:31, “And they said, Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, and you will be saved, you and your household.”
Hurt is the Aorist, Passive, Subjunctive of ἀδικέω – adikeó (ad-ee-keh’-o),
Which means, “to do wrong, act unjust, act wickedly, to hurt.”
The Aorist is a Culminative Aorist, which stresses the cessation of the act or state and brings the action to a conclusion.
In the Passive Voice. the victor receives the action of the verb.
The Subjunctive Mood expresses the action as conceivable but not necessarily a reality. The Subjunctive is connected with supposed or desired action.
Coupled with the double negative (οὐ – Ouk) and (mé – Me) which means, “not” and is generally used with non-indicative verbs; it is used in questions, when a negative answer is expected and is used with οὐ for emphasis or solemn assertion.
So, this is an Emphatic Negation Subjunctive. The strongest way to negate something in the Greek.
So, “ou me adikeo” comes to mean, “will absolutely not be wronged, or treated unjustly, or hurt by the Lake of Fire.”
The Second death is for those who did not receive Christ as their personal Savior, and therefore receive instead eternal separation (division) from God in the Lake of Fire. Rev 20:14
In the Subjunctive Mood, God desires all to be saved, but it is a potential reality for man based on man’s volition.
This is another way we know that salvation for the believer is eternally secure, because of the Emphatic Negation of the Subjunctive Mood.
John 16:33, “These things I have spoken to you, so that in Me you may have peace. In the world you have tribulation, but take courage; I have overcome the world.”
Rom 12:21, “Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good (Jesus Christ).”
1 John 4:4, “You are from God, little children, and have overcome them; because greater is He who is in you than he who is in the world.”
Interestingly enough, we have two rewards, and both speak to separation or division.
The first reward will be awarded only to a certain class of believers who remain faithful in their walk with Christ, even under extremely adverse situations.
The second reward, salvation, shows distinction between all of mankind, that is distinction between the believer and unbeliever.
Next, we turn to the 7-fold praise by the angels in Rev 5:12 and focus on the 2nd praise given to Christ in comparison to the 2nd Seal Judgment.
3) There was a seven-fold praise by the angels in Rev 5:12.
As we have previously studied in Rev. 5, we see that the second praise ascribes “Riches” to our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.
Billions upon billions of angels standing around His throne say at the top of their voices, for all the universe to hear, that Jesus Christ is worthy of all “riches.”
Now, this word “Riches” is the Accusative, Masculine, Singular, Noun of πλοῦτος – Ploutos, which means, “riches, wealth, and abundance.”
In this praise, then, the angels are saying that everything, all wealth and abundance are His and rightly so, because He created all things, and therefore they belong to Him.
God says of Himself in Psa 50:10, “For every beast of the forest is Mine, the cattle on a thousand hills.”
And the psalmist of Psalm 89 says, Psa 89:11, “The heavens are Yours, the earth also is Yours; the world and all it contains, You have founded them.”
Although when we think of riches, we think of money, wealth, gold, etc., there is much more that the angels are saying.
Christ is the Creator of all things, and all things that are considered wealth are His.
But think about the already rich man that He is. What can you give Him when He already has everything? Well you can give Him what the expanded meaning of this word says, and that is; give Him praise of all abundance.
It means giving Him everything, not just the stuff, but the ones who have the stuff, the force behind the stuff, and the results of the stuff. In other words, give Him the results of the stuff too.
When you bestow wealth and riches onto someone, you are also bestowing honor, glory, and happiness onto the recipient. So, for the man that has everything, he will always greatly appreciate receiving honor and glory and happiness. So give him those things, honor, glory, happiness.
Jesus Christ is the Creator of all things and beings. Beings are the ones who can lavish Him with honor and glory. Therefore, He is worthy of the honor and glory, because He created the ones honoring Him, and He gave them the power to do so. So, the power to honor, the one honoring, and the honor itself are His, because He is worthy of all.
He is worthy of all riches / all abundance.
Now, this praise has a direct correlation to the message to the second church, Smyrna, and to the 2nd Seal Judgment.
The first time this word is used in the bible is in Gen 31:16. (“Wealth” in the NASB and “Riches” in the KJV)
But in the Septuagint (LXX) version of the Old Testament (the Greek translation of the Old Testament) the word “Ploutos” is used for the Hebrew word עֹ֫שֶׁר OSHER, which means, “wealth, riches, or fortune.”
Gen 31:16, “Surely all the wealth which God has taken away from our father belongs to us and our children; now then, do whatever God has said to you.”
Here the context is the story of Jacob finally leaving (separating from) the service of his evil, unbelieving, uncle Laban. As Jacob packs up to leave (separate from) the unbelieving, he is reminded by God through his wives Rachel and Leah that God has a new inheritance for him. This inheritance is a combination of wealth that he earned through the grace of God plus wealth taken away from the unbeliever (Laban) and given to him, the believing (Jacob).
So separation is once again in view as the believer is separated from the old, dead, sinful self and joined anew with Christ.
Accompanying separation for the believer from his old self is the promise of inheritance. Rom 6:1-10, 14; Eph 1:3-15
2 Cor 8:9, “For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though He was rich, yet for your sake He became poor, so that you through His poverty might become rich.” w/ Rev 2:9
Jesus Christ has promised the believer riches based on His riches. Even though we will receive riches, as the Elect Angels have received riches of their own, all riches are based in Christ, and therefore are His. He is worthy of all riches!!!
Now, what’s the fastest way to lose your riches, humanistically speaking? Depression maybe, famine maybe, but warfare is the fastest way to dispose of riches. Riches are lost both on the aggressor’s side, who has to expend many riches to fund warfare and on the victim’s side who loses their riches through conquest.
So, we see that because the world did not separate itself unto Christ and receive the promised rich inheritance from Him, they in turn will not only lose out on the eternal inheritance, but will also lose out on earthly riches as well.
Remember that the 2nd Seal Judgment is still just in the early stages of the Judgments opened during the tribulation. As each Judgment is opened, the intensity increases.
So, the warfare and anarchy leading to men killing men will be an attempt of some to maintain their riches and take riches from others.
Because the world rejected the Riches of Christ who is all abundant for their and our every need, they will receive Judgment aimed at showing how fleeting earthly riches truly are, riches without power to save.
In comparing the 2nd of the 7-fold messages of Revelation 2 & 3 with the 2nd praise of the angels, Christ is described in Rev 2:8 as “the first and last,” which also says He is all sufficient and abundant for man.
Being “the first and last” means there is nothing before Him and nothing after Him, and He is everything in between. He is all abundant for salvation in time and for eternity.
The angels praise the Lamb as having riches, which means that all things are God’s to give as His Righteousness demands.
What His righteousness demands, His Justice either blesses or punishes; in this case, either eternal life or eternal death.
Rom 4:3, “For what does the Scripture say? “ABRAHAM BELIEVED GOD, AND IT WAS CREDITED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS.”
Mat 25:32 (It is Christ who will separate the Sheep and Goats – separation of nations, believing and unbelieving at the end of the Tribulation.)
Mat 25:32, “All the nations will be gathered before Him; and He will separate them from one another, as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.”
He is the original proprietor of all things. It is fitting then that the angels, man, and the world should recognize him as such.
Having accomplished the work on the Cross, it is proper that whatever may be made to contribute to His honor (you and I in receiving an inheritance) should be regarded as His.
2 Cor 8:9, “For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though He was rich, yet for your sake He became poor, so that you through His poverty might become rich.”
As believers in the Lord Jesus Christ, we are permanent members of His family and nothing can separate us from Him. We are to keep this unity in mind constantly, so we are not deceived into thinking we are disconnected from Him. Rom 8:35-39; Eph 2:12-14; 2 Cor 6:17
Yet the world, through the blinding darkness of Satan, doesn’t see the richness in Christ and rejects Him. The world, therefore will rightly receive the judgment of warfare and anarchy, (which causes separation of riches from the possessor and separation of brothers and nations).
4) Each of the four living creatures is represented in the first four Seals. What is their importance?
Rev 6:3, “When He (Jesus Christ) broke the second Seal, I heard the second living creature saying, “Come.”
We now turn to the imagery of the “four living creatures” that also play a role in bringing forth the Seal Judgments. Their role is to give the command, authored by Jesus Christ the Lamb, for the horsemen to come forward and begin the Judgment process.
Just like the first creature called forth, the horsemen in the 1st Seal Judgment Rev 6:1, the second living creature calls forth the second horsemen. We can identify the likeness of all four of the living creatures who call forth the four horsemen based on the order of the living creatures given to us in Rev 4:7.
The second living creature, therefore has the likeness of a calf. The calf represents the sacrificial animal. Our Lord was the ultimate sacrificial animal as the lamb.
The calf also represents domestic animals that serve man. Again, our Lord came to serve man through His sacrifice on the cross. Mat 20:28, Mark 10:45
Christ is the servant, sacrificial calf as depicted in the Gospel of Mark and Heb 9:12, 24-28.
As the sacrificial servant, Christ came to save man, but knowing the negative volition of some, He knew His work on the cross would have a dividing effect. Therefore, Christ came to separate.
In addition, the Bull was used in the Peace Offering to the Lord. Lev 3:1; Num 15:8. Yet the world rejects the peace found in Christ, and therefore this judgment results in the removal of worldly peace.
As the perfect sacrifice, Christ has a separating effect on all members of the human race. Mat 10:35-39; Luke 12:53 So, we see the reinforcement of the 2nd Seal Judgment brought onto the world in order to separate. Because the world did not receive the separation unto Christ found in the Cross, the world will receive a Judgment that will cause worldly separation, brother against brother, nation against nation.
And as in all Judgments, Christ brings on the Judgment in the hopes of saving as many as possible.
By letting man see that neither his wealth, health, nor the antichrist can save him, in the removal of external peace, God hopes for men to turn to Him for the only true place of peace and salvation.
5) The lead tribe of Israel represented in the first four Seal Judgments.
It is interesting to note that tradition holds that the four faces of the Living Creatures of Rev 4:7 were the emblems on the standards/banners of the four lead tribes of the twelve tribes of Israel during the forty years Israel was in the wilderness.
The lead tribes would establish the encampment for the entire nation around the Tabernacle in the wilderness. The tribe of Levi, the priestly tribe, first surrounded the Tabernacle.
Next, the lead tribes with its identifying banner encamped around the tabernacle. Num 2 & 10 w/ Gen 49:9 & Duet 33:17
Remember that everything about the Tabernacle was created after the pattern of things in heaven, Ex 25:40; Heb 8:5; 1 Chron 28:12, 19, and in Rev 4 & 5, we are seeing a glimpse of God’s throne room in heaven.
Judah was to the east, Reuben to the south, Ephraim to the west, and Dan to the north.
Based on the numbers in each camp, it formed a picture of the cross where Judah on the east was the base or foot of the cross. The tribe of Judah being to the east also led the precession of Israel when in march.
As a side note, our Lord’s return is from the East through the East Gate of Jerusalem. (Matt. 24:27; with Ezek. 10:16-22; 11:22-25, the prophet saw God’s glory depart from the temple by the east gate, but later (Ezek 43:1-5) he saw God’s glory return “from the way of the east.”)
So the lead tribe banners were as follows:
Judah’s banner was the Lion (w/ Issachar and Zebulun tribes)
Reuben’s was the Man (w/ Simeon and Gad tribes)
Ephraim’s was the Ox (w/ Manasseh and Benjamin tribes)
Dan’s was the Eagle (w/ Asher and Naptali tribes)
When translating the meaning of the Hebrew name of each of the lead tribes, we see it also says something about our Lord Jesus Christ.
- Judah – “Praise Yahweh”
- Reuben – “Behold a son”
- Ephraim – “Double fruitfulness” (for God had made him fruitful in the land of his affliction – God/Man – Double blessing)
- Dan – “a Judge”
Here again we see the genius of God.
When we compare the meaning of the lead tribesmen’s names, which represented one of the four living creatures in the banner that represented that tribe, to the first four Seal Judgments, we see a piece of the meaning and purpose behind each Seal Judgment.
Placing the order of the tribes in the order of the four living creatures as noted in Rev 4:7, we see that the four living creatures were represented as such: Judah, Ephraim, Rueben, and Dan represented by the Lion, Ox, Man, and Eagle respectfully.
As we understand from the meaning of the names of each of the lead tribes as noted above, who all represent Jesus Christ, it tells us “Praise Yahweh, of double fruitfulness (God/Man), behold a son, the judge.”
When we combine this with the representation of each Living Creature, we could say: “Praise Yahweh the King, the sacrificial servant of double fruitfulness (God/Man), behold a son of man, the judge from the heavenly places.”
Note how the second phrase sets up the last two. “Double fruitfulness” meaning the God/man is confirmed by the image of “the son of man” and “a judge from heaven.”
We have already seen the first Tribe’s representation in the 1st Seal Judgment:
1) Judah, his name means Praise Yahweh. The 1st Seal represents rejection of authority. The world did not praise Jesus Christ as King; therefore, the world receives Judgment for the rejection of the authority of Jesus Christ, and the world receives the Antichrist as its king.
The 2nd Seal represents open warfare and anarchy.
2) Ephraim his name means, “Two/Double fruitfulness.” (Gen 41:52 “For God had made him fruitful in the land of his affliction”)
Christ, the God/man, the lamb as if slain, is the mediator between God and Man because of the Cross. He is the only way to bring about a perfect unity.
That unity was rejected by the world. Therefore, the world now finds itself being torn in two (the number of division) in warfare, anarchy, and mayhem, as a result of the rule of the Antichrist.
The world did not separate unto Christ. Therefore, the Judgment is worldly separation in the removal of peace and man killing man.
Mat 19:6, “So they are no longer two, but one flesh. What therefore God has joined together, let no man separate.”
Rom 8:35 & 39, “Who will separate us from the love of Christ? Neither… 39height, nor depth, nor any other created thing, will be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.”
2 Cor 6:17, “Therefore, come out from their midst and be separate,” says the Lord.”
Mat 24:6-7, “You will be hearing of wars and rumors of wars. See that you are not frightened, for those things must take place, but that is not yet the end. 7“For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and in various places there will be famines and earthquakes.”
6) Colors are used in the 1st-4 Seals and have meaning in the Bible. Rev 6:4
Red is the Greek word “Purrhos” – πυρός (poor-hros’)
This word comes from another Greek word Pur that means, “fire, fiery, or burning.” So, Purrhos comes to mean, “fire like, flame colored, or red.”
Red is considered one of the natural colors. The five natural colors include white, black, red, yellow, and green.
This again puts the stamp of worldliness on this Judgment as being one of first four Seal Judgments, (four meaning in scripture material completeness or worldliness), with the color red as one of the natural colors found in the world. Red then gives us an additional emphasis on the meaning of this judgment as a Judgment against worldliness. But that is not all it tells us…
In Webster’s English Dictionary, the definition for the color red is interestingly used to describe, “someone who advocates the violent overthrow of an existing social or political order.”
That is what will happen during the Tribulation. As the Antichrist, backed with Satan’s power, tries to unite the world under his rule, there will be rejection and rebellion by man. Even though man desires one world rule, what man gets is not always what man wants.
In scripture, we see that the color Red is symbolical of bloodshed in Zech 6:2; Rev 6:4; 12:3 (Red Dragon).
Rev 12:3-4, “Then another sign appeared in heaven: and behold, a great red dragon having seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads were seven diadems. 4And his tail swept away a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth.”
So, in the Second Seal Judgment, the Red Horse Rider comes to stir up the pot of the Antichrist’s and Satan’s rule with bloodshed in warfare and anarchy, man killing man.
We see where this rider comes from by comparing scripture found in Zechariah.
Red in the Old Testament Hebrew is אָדֹם – adom (aw-dome’) and is applied to many applications including the Red Horsemen of Zechariah.
In Zech 1:8; and 6:2, we see leader elect angels who are under the authority of Christ to patrol the world. These leader elect angels are doing the work of Christ in watching over the world and attending to certain affairs of the world as God determines.
In Zech 1:7-17, we see our Horsemen first mentioned.
In Zech 1:8 “Myrtle” – is imagery for promised blessings (Isa 55:13) and was used in the Feast of the tabernacles (Neh 8:15) for shelter, speaking of the shelter in the Lord’s blessings as He dwells among man in the Millennium and into eternity.
The word “sorrel” is the Hebrew word שְׂרֻקִּים – saroq (saw-rook’), and literally means, “fox-colored.” “Bay” is also used for Saroq and is applied to the horse (KJV, “speckled;” NIV, “red,” and to a species of vine bearing a purple grape (Isaiah 5:2, NASB). So, sorrel can mean reddish or bright or dark red.
Principles of Zech1:15:
- The Lord disciplines those of His family in love. Even though He knows it’s for their own good, it grieves Him. Duet 8:5; Prov 13:24; Heb 12:6-10; Rev 3:19
- God uses others: evil nations, evil people, evil angles to bring about discipline on His family as needed. Num 22; Rev 6
- In this case, the evil nation went too far, which displeases God more, and He brings about judgment onto that nation.
- All of this is based on the perfection of God’s Righteousness and Justice. What the Righteousness of God demands, His Justice satisfies in either blessing or punitive judgment.
Now turning to Zech 6:1-8, we see our horsemen involved in punitive judgment against the oppressors of Israel.
“Two Mountains” – Mt. Zion and Mt. of Olives with the Valley of Jehoshaphat in between. Jehoshaphat is the place of world Judgment for the Lord. Joel 3:12-16: Zech 14:1-14
Joel 3:12, “Let the nations be aroused and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat, for there I will sit to judge all the surrounding nations.”
It is interesting that in Ezekiel, the four living creatures are involved in judgment against Israel and in Zechariah, we see the four horsemen involved in the judgment of the world, followed by the restoration of the Israel.
In our main text of Rev 6, we see both the living creatures and the horsemen involved in the judgment against Israel and the world, leading to the final restoration of Israel and the world.
We also see the word “RED” applied to:
The “complexion” in Genesis 25:25; Song of Solomon 5:10; Lam 4:7, (NASB and NIV, “ruddy”). And for a “stew made of lentils” in Genesis 25:30. The references in Gen 25 are the first mention of the word “red” in the Bible. That means we need to note its usage there, because it will have implications for usage throughout the Bible.
I don’t know if you noticed yet, but in our study of the Tribulation Seal Judgments, when we have looked at the first usage of words in the Bible related to these Judgments, Jacob has been in most all of them.
And who is Jacob? He is Israel, telling us once again that the Tribulation is about Israel. The Tribulation is not about the Church.
Read: Gen 25:19-34
Vs 22, Their struggles in the womb are a prelude to their future history and relate to what is to occur during the Second Seal Judgment. Man will be fighting against man.
What is the biggest worldly antagonist that separates the world today? Israel / Jacob. The world is divided, fights and struggles over Israel. It began with Jacob and Esau; it remains today and will continue well into the Tribulation.
Vs 23, The order of nature is to be reversed in them, for” the older will serve the younger.” God’s election of Jacob the younger over Esau the older was against the natural order.
This again confirms the righteous judgments of the Seal Judgments, which are judgments against worldliness so that all of nature can be reconciled back to God.
2 Cor 5:19, “Namely, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and He has committed to us the word of reconciliation.”
Gen 25:25, “Now the first came forth red, all over like a hairy garment; and they named him Esau (Hairy).”
Esau became the father of the Edomites = The Red Ones. His redness described his worldliness, as we see him a man of the field and a huntsman. Jacob on the other hand dwelled in tents and was peaceful. He was the father of Israel the Jewish race. The difference between the two is manifest in the outward appearance. One is of the world, the other a dweller among men.
As a dweller in tents Jacob represented our Lord Jesus Christ who will tabernacle among us. Rev 21:3
Rev 21:3, “And I heard a loud voice from the throne, saying, “Behold, the tabernacle of God is among men, and He will dwell among them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself will be among them.”
Likewise, as a peaceful man he represented our Lord as the Peacemaker between God and man.
Rom 5:1, “Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.”
Eph 2:14, “For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall.”
Bishop Newton said, “The Edomites and Israelites have been from the beginning two such different people in their manners, customs, and religion, as to be at perpetual variance among themselves.
The religion of the Jews is well known; but whatever the Edomites were at first, in process of time they became idolaters.”
Vs 30, Esau is strangely ready to dispose of his birthright for a trivial present gratification. Impulsively he snatched an immediate and sensual gratification at the forfeit of a future glory. Esau could have obtained, by other means, “nature” equally suitable to his taste, but he would sacrifice anything for the desire of the moment. We see Esau selling His birthright, “the father of Israel”, to Jacob for a bowl of “Red Stuff”, the epitome of worldliness.
Jacob, thereby obtained the covenant blessing, Gen 27:28-29, 36; Heb 12:16-17. Esau sold off the right to God for some worldly stuff.
Now doesn’t that sound like most of our citizens today! This will continue right into the Tribulation. Many will seek for worldly salvation, but not true salvation. They will just want to be rid of the tribulation so they can go back to their worldly stuff. Rev 6:15. They still won’t want the true salvation found in the Lord.
Vs 34, Esau blamed Jacob for all his problems, failing to realize that the character flaw revealed in his selling of his birthright followed him all of his life.
Worldly people are the same. They want to blame everyone else, including Israel, for their own self-induced misery and problems, rather than face reality by looking into the mirror and taking accountability for their station in life. They blame everyone and everything and never apply humility to their situation, especially for true salvation.
Salvation is found in humility of the soul recognizing that you are a sinner. Salvation attained by recognizing the forgiveness of your sins based on the Lord’s work on the cross.
Col 2:14, “Having canceled out the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us, which was hostile to us; and He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross.”
Just as Esau did not want that type of salvation, the worldly man in the Tribulation will not want it either.
Heb 12:16-17, “That there be no immoral or godless person like Esau, who sold his own birthright for a single meal. 17For you know that even afterwards, when he desired to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no place for repentance, though he sought for it with tears.”
And so, we see the meaning of the Second Seal Judgment. Because of the rejection of rich salvation found in Christ, there will be separation of man. In this case, worldly man will be separated from worldly man, in killing each other, because worldly man did not receive the separation unto God found in the peace treaty of the Cross of the one who dwells among us.
“Sin” and “nature – land” in Isa. 1:18-20
“Reddish” is applied to a leprous spot, which also speaks to sin in our lives. Lev 13:19; 14:37
A Red Heifer in Num 19:1-10 Here the Heifer is an example of sacrifice and cleansing found through this type of the Lord Jesus Christ.
Its red color signifies the worldliness of the animal, which animal was sacrificed on behalf of the people as sin was ceremonially transferred from the person or people to the heifer, which then gave its life in place of the people.
Also note that in Num 19:6 that the priest uses Cedar wood which is a red colored wood and scarlet material. The wood represents the humanity of Christ being in the world with royal power and strength, while the scarlet material represents His royalty as God, now the God/Man.
Hyssop was a bushy plant with white flowers, most likely of the genus marjoram and thyme, representing sin and the cleansing of sin when the blood was applied to it. Hyssop in the ceremonial law was a means by which the virtue of the sacrifice was transferred to the transgressor, and applies figuratively to the purification of the soul from guilt when the psalmist prays, “Purify me with hyssop, and I shall be clean” (Psalm 51:7).
Red Wine in Proverbs 23:29-35. This is a warning against drunkenness as an example of worldly enticements and sin that lead us away from the plan of God.
Red colored water in 2 Kings 3:22. Here we see an example of what the Second Seal Judgment regards. Man fighting against man and killing each other. In the example of 2 Kings 3:22, it was not true but the supposed result is in view.
A Red colored garment, signifying arrogance, Isa 63:2 w/ Rev 14:18-20; 19:13.
Notice in both 2 Kings and Isa, Edom (Esau) the red one is mentioned speaking again to the worldliness of those in view. Gen 25:19-34
- Arrogant people think salvation is found in their own ways and means, when in reality, God brought about salvation alone in Jesus Christ.
2 Peter 2:18, “For speaking out arrogant words of vanity they entice by fleshly desires, by sensuality, those who barely escape from the ones who live in error.”
Rev 13:5, “There was given to him a mouth speaking arrogant words and blasphemies, and authority to act for forty-two months was given to him.”
- God alone in righteousness brings about judgment to the worldly, and the judgment is based on His word.
Rev 19:13, “He is clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God.”
Heb 4:12, “For the word of God is living and active and sharper than any two-edged sword, and piercing as far as the division of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to judge the thoughts and intentions of the heart.”
John 12:48, “He who rejects Me and does not receive My sayings, has one who judges him; the word I spoke is what will judge him at the last day.”
Red was the color most associated with war and bloodshed (hence the “red planet” is named Mars for the Roman god of war).
Mat 16:2-3 is where we get the saying, “red sky at night, sailor’s delight. Red sky in the morn, sailor take warning.”
7) The word “Seal(ed)(s)” is mentioned five times in Revelation 5. How are the references in Chapter 5 related to the references to “Seal(s)” of Chapter 6?
In Revelation 5, we have the word Seals or Sealed mentioned five times, which signifies the grace of God in the judgments He is about to unfold.
The first two mentioned set the stage introducing the scroll of judgment. Rev 5:1 Then the next time “Seals” is used is setting the stage for identifying that only Jesus Christ has the authority to open, read, understand, and act upon the judgments found in the scroll, Rev 5:2-4. This lines-up with the first Seal Judgment, where the authority of Christ is the basis for Judgment against the Cosmic System.
The world rejected His authority, and therefore receives in judgment the authority of the Antichrist who will be a tyrant, bringing destruction, and having no power to save, not even for himself.
Then we see the next mention of “Seals” is in Rev 5:5, where the Lord Jesus Christ is identified as being qualified because of His earthly heritage. Jesus Christ came out from the world to overcome sin, yet the world did not receive Him. Therefore, those of the world receive Judgment where peace is removed.
In Rev 5:5-6, we see that the Lamb as if slain had overcome all things of the world, including the bondage of sin found in the cosmic system. Yet, as we have noted, those of the world reject His work, and God is then left with the only option of judging the world in righteousness.
His righteousness demands that He bless those who received His Son with salvation, and His justice then acts in rapturing out the church.
His righteousness demands that He judges punitively, those who rejected His Son, with these Seal Judgments, and His justice then acts in the Seven Seals followed by eternal condemnation.
In this particular Judgment, peace is removed from the earth because those of the world rejected the peace found in Christ. Eph 2:11-18
Rom 5:1, “Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.”
Col 1:20, “And through Him to reconcile all things to Himself, having made peace through the blood of His cross; through Him, I say, whether things on earth or things in heaven.”
So, peace is based on the work of our Lord Jesus Christ on the cross. His peace has been rejected by those of the world; therefore, the judgment of worldly peace being removed is brought on by the justice of God.
Let us who believe hold fast to the peace found in Christ.
2 Thes 3:16, “Now may the Lord of peace Himself continually grant you peace in every circumstance. The Lord be with you all!”
We will see in more detail the last mention of “Seals” in Rev 5, when we study the 3rd Seal Judgment. But briefly Rev 5:9 notes the all sufficiency of Christ for all “People and Nations” – the whole world. The 3rd Seal Judgment is directly related to rejecting His sufficient sustenance.
8) The fourfold praise of Rev 5:13 is related to the Seals in Chapter 6?
The second praise of Rev 5:13 ascribed to our Lord Jesus Christ by all of creation is “Honor.”
In Rev. 5:12, we saw that angels only praise Him, and there the second praise related to the 2nd Seal Judgment was Riches, noting His “all abundance” for salvation. But here when all of creation praises Him, including the angels, they ascribe “honor” to Him. So, we note that both “abundance and honor” are in view for the 2nd Seal Judgment.
Based on Him richly providing for salvation, He is to be held in the highest regard, yet He was rejected by those of the world.
The 24 Elders who cast their crowns before His throne use “honor” to describe His Deity in Rev 4:11.
Then in Rev 5:12 and 7:12, elect angels bow down before Him in praise and worship.
Comparing Rev 4:11, 5:12-13 and 7:12, we see that elect angels and redeemed man praise Him as God-Creator and Man-Redeemer.
Here in Rev 5:13, both His Deity and Humanity, (the Lamb) is praised. This tells us of the status and respect that is due Him. w/ Phil 2:11
Phil 2:11, “And that every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”
Phil 2:11 tells us that when Christ is glorified, the Father is too. So, there is no need to identify the Father specifically in the passages of Revelation as being the “one on the throne;” it is Jesus Christ as we have seen previously.
“Honor” is the Greek word “Time” – τιμή (tee-may’), which is a Noun Accusative Feminine Singular and means, “Honor, value bestowed, reverence.”
It can also mean:
1) A valuing by which the price is fixed.
1a) Of the price itself.
1b) Of the price paid or received for a person or thing bought or sold.
2) Honor which belongs or is shown to one.
2a) Of the honor which one has by reason of rank and state of office which he holds.
2b) Deference, reverence.
In other words, the Lord Jesus Christ should be highly esteemed and treated with honor for what He has done. He paid the price for our sins; therefore, He holds all the assets.
In recognition of the price He paid for our sin, purchasing us from the slave market of sin, we should honor Him every day.
Prov 3:9-10, “Honor the LORD from your wealth and from the first of all your produce; 10So your barns will be filled with plenty and your vats will overflow with new wine.”
Regardless of whether the world honors Him or not, the Father did and continues to.
Heb 2:7, “YOU HAVE MADE HIM FOR A LITTLE WHILE LOWER THAN THE ANGELS; YOU HAVE CROWNED HIM WITH GLORY AND HONOR.” w/ Psa 8:5-6
2 Peter 1:17, “For when He received honor and glory from God the Father, such an utterance as this was made to Him by the Majestic Glory, “This is My beloved Son with whom I am well-pleased.”
Yet, those of the world do not honor Him, and therefore this judgment is brought on.
Psa 4:2-3, “O sons of men, how long will my honor become a reproach? How long will you love what is worthless and aim at deception? Selah. But know that the LORD has set apart the godly man for Himself; The LORD hears when I call to Him.”
Because those of the world did not honor Jesus Christ in their hearts, they did not receive separation from the world found in Christ and unto Christ; therefore, they will receive this Judgment of division and separation as man kills man in warfare and anarchy.
Thank God that He has saved you and separated (reconciled) you unto the Lord Jesus Christ.
1 Tim 1:17, “Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.” (Memory verse)
So, to summarize the 8-point outline of each of the Seven Seal Judgments and focusing just on the 2nd Seal we note:
#2 = division, divisiveness
2) The 7-fold message to the 7 churches:
a.) The revelation of Christ:
1. “The first and the last” – All abundance.
2. “Who was dead and has come to life” – Eternal life is in Christ.
b.) The church’s problem:
1. “Thought they were poor” – Divided in soul.
2. “Physical attacks from Satan” – Divided in body.
c.) The promise of blessing. Rev 2:10-11:
1. The Crown of Life – Separation of believers.
2. Not hurt by second death – Separation of mankind.
3) The 7-fold praise by the angels in Rev 5:12:
The world rejects the “riches” of Christ; therefore, the judgment of warfare, anarchy, and worldly separation sets in.
4) The 2nd of the four living creatures – The Ox:
Separation over the sacrificial servant – Jesus Christ.
5) The 2nd lead tribe of Israel, Ephraim’s banner was an Ox:
The sacrificial servant of “double fruitfulness” (God/Man).
6) The color Red:
Worldliness and bloodshed and tells us of Judgment towards worldliness.
7) The word “Seals” in Rev. 5 related to the “Seals” of Chapter 6:
Rev 5:5, the earthly man overcame sin and the peace found in Him was rejected.
8) The 4-fold praise of Rev 5:13.
He should be held in the highest regard as the Creator / Redeemer. He paid the price!
So, with the 8 categories of Definition and Explanation given for the 2nd Seal Judgment, let’s put it together to see the full picture of this Judgment and what will occur.
Rev 6:4, “And another, a red horse, went out; and to him who sat on it, it was granted to take peace from the earth, and that men would slay one another; and a great sword was given to him.”
The “rider of the red horse” comes forward, based on the command of the calf-like living creature.
Here we have the phrase “went out,” which is the Greek Verb in the Aorist, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of Exerchomai = Exelthen. Exelthen means, “to go or come out of, departed, descended, gone forth, proceeded forth, went, went ashore, etc.”
The Aorist gives the past tense sense but views the entirety of the action. So, “went out” is a good translation.
The phrase “who sat on it” is a verb in the Present Middle or Passive Deponent, Participle – Dative (of advantage) Masculine, Singular of Kathemai = Kathemeno.
I believe this is a Present Middle since the rider is the one sitting. The Present Middle or Passive Deponent means that the action of verb is beneficial to the rider, whether he performs the action himself or receives the action from another.
This word was used in extra biblical texts to mean, “to be seated in court by Aristophanes; or the judges, the court, by Thucydides, and others.
It means, “to sit down or take a seat.”
Remember this phrase “He who sat on it” was also used for the white horse rider and that was in the Present, Middle Deponent, which means he actively took the seat and was sitting on it which had a benefit or result back to himself.
That was also in the Participle, which gives it a noun connotation. That means that the saddle is a Seat of Judgment or Authority.
As we have noted previously, everything and everyone ultimately is under the authority of Jesus Christ whether they realize is or not.
Mat 28:18, “And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, ‘All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.’”
So here too, the angelic red horse rider is given the opportunity to carry out the Plan of the Father by heeding to the command passed down by Jesus Christ. The benefit is that the red horse rider gets to serve God.
This verb is in the Participle giving it a noun connotation. This helps us to understand that the saddle is a place of authority, authority given to him by the Lord Jesus Christ, just as we saw in the first white horse rider.
We also note the authority given to the red horse rider by the next word “granted,” which is a Verb in the Aorist, Passive, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of Didomai = Edothe. Edothe can mean, “give; grant, allow, permit; place, put; appoint; establish; give out, pay; produce, yield, cause; entrust; bring (offerings); inflict (punishment).”
In the Aorist, we again see past action but viewing the entirety of the action.
In the Passive Voice the red horse rider receives the action of the verb. Someone else gives him something, which he receives.
That signifies that another person has certain authority to grant to the red horse rider something. In this case “peace” is that thing.
The Indicative Mood declares the dogmatic reality of the situation. Someone grants the red horse rider authority to take peace from the earth.
As examples of someone giving something to someone else, we see that this word, Edothen, in the Aorist, Passive, Indicative is used in:
Mat 14:11, “And his head was brought on a platter and given to the girl, and she brought it to her mother.”
In this verse, we see the authority of a king to behead someone and give it to another. Once it is given to another, that one then has the authority to give it to whomever she wishes. Even though she has authority to do with it as she sees fit, she remains under the ultimate authority of the king.
Peace is found in Jesus Christ. He has the authority to do with it what He wants. He gives it to the red horse rider, who then has authority to remove it as he wishes. All the while being under the authority of the King, Jesus Christ.
Luke 12:48, “… From everyone who has been given much, much will be required; …”
We as believers have been give much in Christ. We have received salvation, the indwelling of the trinity, bible doctrine, etc. Each of the 40 things we receive at the moment of salvation carry with it authority. So, we have been given tremendous authority to wield here on earth. Yet we should never lose sight of the fact that with all that authority, we are still under the authority of Christ and need to submit to His authority.
Luke 12:48, “… From everyone who has been given much, much will be required; …”
With the authority we have, we have tremendous responsibility, over our souls first and then to protect the souls of others, both believers and unbelievers.
The question is, “What are you doing with your authority?”
Are you squandering it or applying it for the glory of God?
So, the red horse rider is granted something from the authority of The Lord Jesus Christ.
What is he granted? He is granted the ability to, “take peace from the earth.”
“Take” is a Verb in the Aorist, Active, Infinitive of Lambano
The Infinitive is an infinitive of purpose, and tells us that the action has intent and purpose, “to take.”
As we have noted, he has the authority to do so. Compare with the authority ascribed to our Lord in Rev 5:9.
So, he has the authority to take what?
“Peace” which is the Greek word Eirene. Eirene is a Noun in the Accusative (direct object), Feminine, Singular. Eirene means, “peace, prosperity, welfare, rest, tranquility, security, etc.”
As the Antichrist begins his campaign to conquer the world, there will be an initial peace as we saw in the image of the “bow.”
But after sometime, some nations will resist his takeover. Those nations will have waited too long to make a move against him, while in the infancy of his campaign, so they will have to resort to open warfare to curb the tide of his ever expanding domination.
Remembering our previous study of the Antichrist and his takeover, he rises from 10 horns (nations) and defeats 3 of them in order to establish his world rule. But due to the continued presence of the Old Sin Nature in man, nations will reject and rebel against his world domination.
That is why in Rev 13:15, he will have to threaten people with death in order to be subjected to him.
As the antichrist, he will most likely use the word of God to establish himself, as the word says of the Christ…….
Gal 6:16, “And those who will walk by this rule, peace and mercy be upon them, and upon the Israel of God.”
Yet due to the red horse rider, under the authority of Christ, meddling in the affairs of the world, he will remove whatever peace the Antichrist and Satan design. And the prophecy of 1 Thes 5:3 will be fulfilled.
1 Thes 5:3, “While they are saying, “Peace and safety!” then destruction will come upon them suddenly like labor pains upon a woman with child, and they will not escape.”
So, as we see the red horse rider removing peace from the earth, let us focus on the true source of peace. Peace found in the Lord Jesus Christ.
James 3:13-18, “Who among you is wise and understanding? Let him show by his good behavior his deeds in the gentleness of wisdom. 14But if you have bitter jealousy and selfish ambition in your heart, do not be arrogant and so lie against the truth. 15This wisdom is not that which comes down from above, but is earthly, natural, demonic. 16For where jealousy and selfish ambition exist, there is disorder and every evil thing. 17But the wisdom from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, reasonable, full of mercy and good fruits, unwavering, without hypocrisy. 18And the seed whose fruit is righteousness is sown in peace by those who make peace.
So, we note that peace is found in Christ and His word.
The negative aspects of James 3:14-16 are the ingredients for the recipe the Antichrist will employ to enact his world domination. Likewise, his subjects will employ the same tactics from their Old Sin Natures (OSNs) to satisfy their own worldly lusts and desires. These ingredients are the basis for the mixture the Red Horse Rider will blend in his authority to take peace from the earth.
On the other hand, the believer is to put on the peace of Christ and apply it to our lives.
Eph 6:15, “and having shod YOUR FEET WITH THE PREPARATION OF THE GOSPEL OF PEACE.”
In order to stand your ground, you need to dig in with your feet, keeping a solid base underneath you. That solid base is the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ. When you pick up and put on the gospel of Christ, you are remaining secure in your own personal knowledge and trust in the salvation of your soul.
By being secure in the knowledge of our salvation, you can withstand any attacks.
Read: Eph 2:11-18
Gal 5:22-24, “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law. 24Now those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires.”
2 Cor 13:11-12, “Finally, brethren, rejoice, be made complete, be comforted, be like-minded, live in peace; and the God of love and peace will be with you. 12Greet one another with a holy kiss.”
So, Peace is found in Christ and His word, yet the world did not accept His peace treaty and receive in Judgment the removal of any worldly peace.
Let us not fail in our walk to live in His peace.
That leads us to a Doctrine that tells us the “Way of Peace”.
DOCTRINE OF THE WAY OF PEACE
- The “Way of Peace” is having a relationship with the integrity of God. The integrity of God is a combination of two of His divine essence: righteousness and justice, while His love is always in view.
Anything that contradicts the righteousness of God is not the divine personality of God. Anything that conflicts with the righteousness of God is sin.
God does not relate to mankind on the basis of His personality, but on the basis of His righteousness, justice, and love – His integrity.
God’s point of reference with mankind prior to the original sin of man in the Garden of Eden was the love of God.
God’s point of reference with mankind after the fall of mankind is the righteousness and justice of God.
The point of contact has to be in harmonious rapport with God to satisfy the righteousness of God, so that the justice of God does not have to spend the believer’s whole life on earth judging them through divine discipline or bring punitive judgment to the unbeliever.
- The “Way of Peace” relationship is established through adjustment to the justice of God under three categories.
- Salvation adjustment to the justice of God by faith in Christ as your personal savior, thereby freeing God to give you His perfect righteousness (one of the 40 things we receive at salvation), which permits Him to declare you justified. Rom 8:30
Col 1:20, “And through Him to reconcile all things to Himself, having made peace through the blood of His cross; through Him, I say, whether things on earth or things in heaven.”
In Gen 15:15, the 1st mention of peace (shalom) in the Bible is where Abraham was promised eternal peace because of his salvation and imputed righteousness. w/ Rom 4:3; Gal 3:6; James 2:23
James 2:23, “And the Scripture was fulfilled which says, “AND ABRAHAM BELIEVED GOD, AND IT WAS RECKONED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS,” and he was called the friend of God.
At the point of salvation, God imputes His divine righteousness to the new believer as the means of justification.
Rom 5:1, “Therefore, being justified by faith we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.”
Abraham saw this through a type of Christ in King Melchizedek. Heb 7:1-3 w/ Gen 14:18
- Rebound adjustment to the justice of God by acknowledging your personal sins to God the Father, which permits Him to forgive you and cleanse you from all unrighteousness (all unknown sins). 1 John 1:9; 1 Cor 11:28-29, 31
- Maturity adjustment to the justice of God, by the daily metabolization of Bible doctrine, results in spiritual growth to the point of spiritual maturity and blessing from the justice of God.
Rom 14:19, “So then we pursue the things which make for peace and the building up of one another.”
Relationship with the integrity of God first means salvation, then fellowship with God, and finally blessing from God as mature believers.
All of this adds up to the Greek word Eirene, which means, “true blessing and true security.” 2 Peter 3:10-18
1) There is only one true security in life, and that is the Eirene found in God. Peace is not through relationship with anyone else in the world, or by the possession of the accouterments of happiness. It is relationship with the integrity of God. 1 Peter 3:8-12
2) Neither the individual nor the nation has any real peace or security apart from the integrity of God.
1 Thes 5:3, “While they are saying, “Peace and safety!” then destruction will come upon them suddenly like labor pains upon a woman with child, and they will not escape.
3) The “Way of Peace” also means prosperity. Individual prosperity is related to the integrity of God.
4) Your happiness and blessing has nothing to do with any human relationship or situation in life, which you associate with happiness. Individual prosperity is based on cracking the maturity barrier.
5) The integrity of God is the only basis for security, prosperity, blessing, or happiness.
1 Cor 14:33, “For God is not a God of confusion but of peace, as in all the churches of the saints.”
6) National prosperity is related to the integrity of God through a large pivot of mature believers.
Heb 12:14, “Pursue peace with all men, and the sanctification without which no one will see the Lord.”
Col 3:15, “Let the peace of Christ rule in your hearts, to which indeed you were called in one body; and be thankful.”
Next, we have the phrase in Rev 6:4, “That (men should) slay one another;”
“That” which is the subordinate coordinating content conjunction of the Greek word Hina, which means correctly, “That.”
With “And” as the link to the phrase “take peace from the earth,”.
Hina introduces an additional action “slay one another,” which is linked to the first action. This also tells us that the Red Horse Rider is the cause of these things, though he does not carry them out personally.
Then we note that the phrase “Men should” is not found in the Greek.
So, the “slaying of one another” may refer to man killing man, or it may refer to nations against nations or both.
Next, we have the word “Slay,” which is the Greek verb Sphazo. We’ll come back to this one.
Then we have the phrase “One another,” which is the reciprocal noun/pronoun of the Greek word ἀλλήλων – allélón (al-lay’-lone). It is in the Pronoun Accusative form of the root word Allos that means, “other, another, else, different.” So, Allelon is the Direct Object of the sentence and means, “one another, each other, of one another, etc.”
It tells us that there is an interchange between two or more groups, and in this case, a very violent interchange as indicated by the word “slay.”
“Slay” is the Future, Active, Indicative of σφάζω – sphazó (sfad’-zo)
It is a primary verb that means:
1) To butcher (especially an animal for food or in sacrifice).
2) (Generally) to slaughter.
3) (Specifically) to maim (violently).
4) Kill, slay, wound.
1) In extra biblical text Sphazo was used to mean, “to slay, slaughter by cutting the throat” (Iliad: XVIII), Homer.
2) To slaughter victims for sacrifice, Iliad, Euripides.
3) And generally to slay, kill, and was first applied to human victims, by Pindar, Tragidies.
4) To kill so that the blood run into the bowl, Herodotus.
The noun root σφαγή – Sphage means, “to slaughter, butchery, the blood gushing from the wound, to close the ‘gaping wound,’ Euripides, and the throat, the spot where the victim is struck, which in Latin (jugulum) is where we get the word jugular.
So, we see that this word stands for a very violent method of killing; one that gives the image of beheading.
Sphazo is in the Future Tense, Active Voice, and Indicative Mood, which tells us that after peace is removed from the earth, slaying of group against group will absolutely take place by the hands of the various groups.
The Active Voice tells us the groups of “one another” produce the action of the verb, not the Red Horse Rider.
Interestingly enough, the word Sphazo is only used in the Book of Revelation and 1 John 3:12.
In Rev 5:6, 9, 12 and 13:8, it is used to describe the slaughter of our Lord Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of our sins.
In Rev 13:3, it describes the mortal wound of the Beast/Antichrist.
In Rev 6:9; 18:24 and 1 John 3:12, it describes Martyrs, where especially in 1 John 3:12, we see the first mention principle of Gen 4:8.
1 John 3:12, “Not as Cain, who was of the evil one and slew his brother. And for what reason did he slay him? Because his (Cain’s) deeds were evil, and his brother (Abel’s) were righteous.
So, we see a time of murder and mayhem where man rises against man and nation against nation in butchery.
However, many of these slayings will be brought on to regenerated Tribulational saints who are non-coincidentally mentioned in Rev 6:9-11 in the 5th Seal.
But ultimately, the world slaughter house is against all, specifically evil unregenerated man.
Psa 37:12-15, “The wicked plots against the righteous and gnashes at him with his teeth. 13The Lord laughs at him, for He sees his day is coming. 14The wicked have drawn the sword and bent their bow to cast down the afflicted and the needy, to slay those who are upright in conduct. 15Their sword will enter their own heart, and their bows will be broken.
They rejected the sacrificial slaughter of our Lord that brings eternal salvation, and instead have turned to the world for salvation; therefore, they receive the judgment of physical slaughtering to wake them up to true salvation.
Isa 11:4, “But with righteousness He will judge the poor, and decide with fairness for the afflicted of the earth; and He will strike the earth with the rod of His mouth, and with the breath of His lips He will slay the wicked.”
Rev 6:3-4, (NLT) “When the Lamb broke the second seal, I heard the second living being say, “Come!” And another horse appeared, a red one. Its rider was given a mighty sword and the authority to remove peace from the earth. And there was war and slaughter everywhere.”
Mat 24:6-7, (NLT) “You will be hearing of wars and rumors of wars, but don’t panic. Yes, these things must come, but the end won’t follow immediately. 7The nations and kingdoms will proclaim war against each other, and there will be famines and earthquakes in many parts of the world.
In Rev 6:4, we have the next phrase in the Greek, “Was given to him.”
“Given” = Edothe – ἐδόθη, which is the Aorist, Passive, Indicative of Didomi.
Here, as in the beginning of Verse 4, we note the authority given to the Red Horse Rider by the word “given,” which is a Verb in the Aorist, Passive, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of Didomai = Edothe. Edothe can mean, “give; grant, allow, permit; place, put; appoint; establish; give out, pay; produce, yield, cause; entrust; bring (offerings); inflict (punishment).”
Here again, we see that One in authority (the Lamb) gives authority to another (the Red Horse Rider), and in this case, the Red Horse Rider is given authority to wield a great sword.
“A great sword”
“Great” is an Adjective in the Nominative, Feminine, Singular of the Greek word Megas μέγας.
It is a primary word meaning, “great: – abundant (1), all the more (1), arrogant (1), big (2), completely (1), fierce (2), great (115), great men (2), great things (2), greater (30), greater things (1), greatest (10), greatly (1), grown (1), high (2), huge (1), large (8), larger (2), larger ones (1), long time (1), loud (42), mighty (1), more important (2), older (1), one greater (1), perfectly (2), severe (2), stricter (1), strong (1), surprising (2 Cor 11:15), terribly (1), too much (1), very much (1), wide (1).”
It is used for:
1) A description of external form, size or measure. Mat 27:60; John 21:11
2) The degree of intensity of fear. Mark 4:41 (fear of Jesus when He calmed the sea), and Rev 6:13.
3) To describe rank. Tit 2:13; Heb 10:21 (of Jesus Christ – God and Priest).
Here in Rev 6:4, it is used to describe the sword given to the Red Horse Rider, in that his position of power is solidified as a leading angelic agent of Jesus Christ. It tells us that his authority to take peace will be significant and far-reaching. And that this action will strike tremendous fear in the hearts of men, which will cause them to turn on one another in a slaughter fest.
So “great” in all its meanings is a good use for this word.
Then we have the word for “Sword,” which is μάχαιρα – machaira (makh’-ahee-rah). Machaira specifically means, “a short sword or dagger, knife, or sword,” and has several usages.
1) In war, as the soldier’s sword to dispatch (to kill with quick efficiency) the fleeing or fallen enemy after the bow and the spear had done their job.
Machaira is used this way as a metaphor for the Word of God in Eph 6:17, as the defensive weapon that protects our soul from attacks by the spiritual world.
In this usage, we note how Paul used the example of the Praetorian Guard to describe the armor found in the Word of God. At the time of Paul’s writing, the Romans had conquered the world, as a result of the innovative small sword. As a result, this small weapon led to great fear in the hearts of their enemies and criminals alike.
Likewise, in the revival of the Roman Empire, there will be great fear in the hearts of those in the world because of the power and might of the forces of the Antichrist.
2) In peace, sword spoke of the instrument of a judge or magistrate against criminals as the executioner’s sword. Act 12:2; Mat 26:52; Rom 13:4
Acts 12:2, “And he (Herod) had James the brother of John put to death with a sword.”
Mat 26:52, “Then Jesus said to him, ‘Put your sword back into its place; for all those who take up the sword shall perish by the sword.’”
Rom 13:4, “For it is a minister of God to you for good. But if you do what is evil, be afraid; for it does not bear the sword for nothing; for it is a minister of God, an avenger who brings wrath on the one who practices evil.”
3) We also see the metaphor of war that destroys peace, where sword is used to describe war like violent death, and separation of man due to varying opinions of Jesus Christ and His saving work. Mat 10:34; Rom 8:35
Mat 10:34, “Do not think that I came to bring peace on the earth; I did not come to bring peace, but a sword.”
Rom 8:35-36, “Who will separate us from the love of Christ? Will tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? 36Just as it is written, “FOR YOUR SAKE WE ARE BEING PUT TO DEATH ALL DAY LONG; WE WERE CONSIDERED AS SHEEP TO BE SLAUGHTERED.”
The root verb Machomai means, “to fight; argue, fighting together, or quarrelsome.” So, we see what leads to “slaying one another” in Rev 6:4; that is arguments, quarrels, and controversies.
We first see the “sword” in the Bible, in Gen 3:24, outside the Garden of Eden. Adam and the women rejected the perfect peace and unity found in their perfect relationship with God. Instead, in arrogance they chose for worldly carnal knowledge. As a result, they were removed from the place of earthly peace, the Garden of Eden. The Angel wielded the “sword” guarding the way of true and perfect earthly peace, ensuring man was separated from it.
Gen 3:24 gives us the reasoning for the “Sword” in Rev 6:4. Man rejected the perfect spiritual unity and peace found in Jesus Christ; therefore, a sword is brought forth to remove any earthly peace.
Just as in the Garden, it will be in the Tribulation. Man will only be able to turn to God and Jesus Christ to regain peace and unity.
Ezek 14:1-6, (verse 12-23) tells us of the kinds of Judgments the Lord will bring against Nations and His people who have rejected Him. These four “Severe Judgments” are parallel to the 2nd, 3rd and 4th Seal Judgments.
Ezek 14:21, “For thus says the Lord GOD, ‘How much more when I send My four severe judgments against Jerusalem: sword, famine, wild beasts and plague to cut off man and beast from it!”
This is also parallel to the 4th of the 5 Cycles of Discipline for the client nation, as noted in Lev 26:25-26 (vs. 14-38 – all 5 Cycles).
Lev 26:25-26, “I will also bring upon you a sword which will execute vengeance for the covenant; and when you gather together into your cities, I will send pestilence among you, so that you shall be delivered into enemy hands. 26When I break your staff of bread, ten women will bake your bread in one oven, and they will bring back your bread in rationed amounts, so that you will eat and not be satisfied.”
As the antichrist takes authority over the Revived Roman Empire, (Dan 7:7-8, 20-25), other kingdoms and nations will be concerned for their dominion and come up against the Antichrist and Israel, who the Antichrist has made a covenant with (Dan 9:27; Rev 6:2).
Dan 11:31-45 describes the war against the Antichrist by other nations. It will be warfare of three other world powers against the Antichrist and Israel.
The other powers will be from: (Dwight Pentecost, “Things to Come” pg. 326-332)
1) Northern Confederacy (Gog) Ezek 38:1-39:25 (38:2-6, 15; 39:2); Dan 11:40; Joel 2:1-27(2:20); Isa 10:12; 30:31-33; 31:8-9 – Russia and allies Persia (Iran), Ethiopia/Cush (Sudan or East of Babylon), Put (Libya or adjacent to Iran), Gomer (Germany), Beth-togarmah (Armenia and Turkey).
Gog is the ruler of the people of Magog. Magog is the region of the Caucasus of northern Armenia also known by the Greeks as the Scythians, which is north and N.E. of the Black and Caspian Sea, which includes Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal; parts of the Russian empire.
“Caucasus” literally means, “Gog’s fort.”
Gen 10:2 gives the lineage of Noah’s third son Japheth identifying Gomer, Magog (Russia or Rosh) Meshech and Tubal and the grandson Togarmah.
Historians agree that the Magogites were divided into two distinct races; one Japhetic or European, the other Turanian or Asiatic.
The Greek and Romans called them Sarmatians, but today are known as Slavs and Russians.
Rosh is Russia, Meshech may stand for Moscow; and Tubal may be Tobolsk, the earliest province of Asiatic Russia to be colonized.
Moscow speaks to Russia in Europe, and Tobolsk speaks to Russia in Asia
Ezk 38:7 tells us that Russia will be the leader of this group, including; Iran, certain Arab states, Germany, and some Asiatic nations, plus “many peoples with you.” Ezek 38:6
2) King of the East. Rev 16:12; East of the Euphrates River – A coalition of Asian nations. East is from the Greek words Anatole Helios = The Rising Sun.
3) King of the South. Dan 11:40 – Egypt/Sudan
So we have:
1) A 10 King Federation of nations of the Revived Roman Empire headed by the Antichrist. Rev 13:1-10.
2) A northern confederacy Russia and her allies.
3) An eastern or Asiatic confederacy.
4) A North African power.
All four powers will collide during the Tribulation in desperate attempts to control their destiny.
Zeph 2:8-15 speaks of the impending defeat and judgment of the North, South, and Eastern countries by God at Armageddon.
But before then, as the Antichrist defeats these nations, it will solidify his world domination for the final 3 1/2 years of the Tribulation. Dan 7:20-25
The last phrase of Dan 11:45 is shown in Rev 19:11-21, and speaks of the final destruction of the Antichrist by the Lord.
Dan 11:45, “…yet he will come to his end, and no one will help him.”
The following scriptures describe the reasoning for this warfare and its results.
Ezek 38:21, “I will call for a sword against him on all My mountains,” declares the Lord GOD. “Every man’s sword will be against his brother.”
Jer 25:15-16, “For thus the LORD, the God of Israel, says to me, “Take this cup of the wine of wrath from My hand and cause all the nations to whom I send you to drink it.” 16“They will drink and stagger and go mad because of the sword that I will send among them.”
Jer 25:31, “’A clamor has come to the end of the earth, because the LORD has a controversy with the nations. He is entering into judgment with all flesh; as for the wicked, He has given them to the sword,’ declares the LORD.”
The scene of Rev 6:4, as the others in Revelation, should be very familiar to Israel, as He has shown them over time, pictures of disobedience and recovery, although the Tribulation is by far the worst for Israel and the world.
God prophesized to Israel in the time of Azariah, when King Asa ruled the nation:
2 Chron 15:5-6, “In those times there was no peace to him who went out or to him who came in, for many disturbances afflicted all the inhabitants of the lands. Nation was crushed by nation, and city by city, for God troubled them with every kind of distress.”
And the reason is given for these kinds of judgment:
2 Chron 15:4, “But in their distress they turned to the LORD God of Israel, and they sought Him, and He let them find Him…”
Followed by a promise:
2 Chron 15:7, “But you, be strong and do not lose courage, for there is reward for your work.”
Micah 7:1-20 also tells of the Judgments of the Tribulation, with the result of justification found in the Lord.
So, this concludes our study of the Second Seal Judgment, where the calf-faced Living Creature, under the authority of the Lamb Jesus Christ, calls forth the Red Horse Rider. The Rider is given authority to remove earthly peace from the earth and is given a sword to enact the process of removing peace.
In turn, it leads to an outright slaughter of mankind in warfare and anarchy, as three worldly federations come against the federation of the Revived Roman Empire, lead by the Antichrist.
This judgment is brought on because man did not receive Godly separation by believing in the sacrificial servant, the Lord Jesus Christ; therefore, worldly separation through a worldwide slaughter is brought on to the world.
The Lord calls for this judgment to discipline the nations for their indignation towards Israel and Christ, so that man will ultimately turn to the One true God, through Jesus Christ, and gain true eternal peace.