Revelation 6 ~ Part VI

Study of Revelation 6, Part VI

The Seven Seal Judgments of the Tribulation

rev 6 vs 6 part 6 oil and wineContinuing in the Study of Revelation 6…

Rev 6:5-6, “And When He broke the third seal, I heard the third living creature saying, “Come.” I looked, and behold, a black horse; and he who sat on it had a pair of scales in his hand. 6And I heard something like a voice in the center of the four living creatures saying, “A quart of wheat for a denarius, and three quarts of barley for a denarius; and do not damage the oil and the wine.”

Next, we will continue in the Etymology & Exegesis of Rev 6:6, a detailed word study of the 3rd Seal Judgment.

So far, we have translated Rev 6:6 as such…

“And I comprehended by listening through the ear gate in the same manner (as before) a voice in The Center (God’s throne), around which are the four Living Creatures saying, ‘A quart containing wheat for a denarius (one day’s wage) and three quarts containing barely for a denarius’”

Our last phrase is:

“… and do not damage the oil and the wine.”

Greek: “… καὶ τὸ ἔλαιον καὶ τὸν οἶνον μὴ  ἀδικήσῃς.”

Transliteration of the Greek: “… Kai to elaion kai ton oinon me adikeses.”

The first word we have is the familiar KAI, which can be translated either as a simple Coordinating Conjunction or a Superordinating Conjunction. A Superordinating Conjunction introduces a clause that is more prominent than the one to which it relates. Given that the Judgment here is the combination of making something scarce and allowing other things to remain, I don’t believe the things remaining are more important. It is all one Judgment. On the other hand, this KAI is used to show a contrast. We’ve noted that “grains” will be made scarce, yet “oil and wine cannot be harmed.”

This KAI then is a Contrastive Conjunction and can be translated as, “but, rather, or however.” The Greek words ALLA and PLEN are usually used in Contrastives, but KAI can also be used when the context calls for it. So, we will translate this KAI, a Constrastive Conjunction, as “but.”

Then we have the word TO, which is a Determiner (definite article), in the Accusative Case, Neuter Gender, Singular that can be translated, “the.”  The Accusative identifies the direct object. This ties with the next word, because it too is in the Accusative.

The next word is ELAION – λαιον. This is a Noun in the Accusative Case, Neuter, Singular, which means, “oil” or specifically, “olive oil.” This word is used to mean, “fuel for lamps, for healing the sick, for anointing the head and body at feasts,” and is mentioned among articles of commerce.

The most common Hebrew world for “Olive Oil” is שָׁ֫מֶן, shemen. SHEMEN literally means, “fat or grease,” sometimes rendered, “ointment”.

It corresponds to the common Arabic senin of similar meaning, although now applied to “boiled butter fat.”

Then there is the Hebrew word YISHAR ψισηαρ – יָשָׁר, which means, “shining, clear olive oil,” in Numbers 18:12; Deuteronomy 7:13; 11:14; 12:17; etc. This was the first and fresh oil produced; thereby, getting its name from the way it appeared.

Then in Aramaic the word MESHAH means, “an unguent (emollient, balm, lotion)” and is only in used in Ezra 6:9; 7:22.

All of these words can be translated, “oil.”

This now leads us to a more in depth study of:

The Meaning of “Oil”

Olive Oil was one of the most valuable products of the country, Deut. 32:13; Ezek 16:13, and formed a product of extensive commerce with Tyre, Ezek 27:17.

The ISBE has Several Analogies used with Olive Oil including:

Abundant oil was a figure of general prosperity, Deut 8:8; 32:13; 33:24; 2 Ki 18:32; Job 29:6; Ezek 16:13; Joel 2:19, 24.

  • Unger says, “to suck honey from the rock, and oil from the flinty rock,” (Deut 32:13) is a figure derived from the fact that Canaan abounds in wild bees, which make their hives in clefts of the rock and in olive trees that grow in a rocky soil. The expression suggests the most valuable productions out of the most unproductive places, since God so blessed the land that even the rocks and stones were productive.”

Languishing of the oil indicated general famine, Deut 28:40; Joel 1:10; Hag 1:11.

Joy is described as the oil of joy, Isa 61:3, or the oil of gladness, Ps 45:7; Heb 1:9.

Ezekiel prophesies that the rivers shall run like oil, i.e. become viscous as a judgment against Pharaoh King of Egypt, Ezek 32:14.

Words of deceit are softer than oil, Ps 55:21; Prov 5:3.

Cursing becomes a habit with the wicked as readily as oil soaks into bones, Ps 109:18.

Excessive use of oil indicates wastefulness, Prov 21:17,

While the saving of it is a characteristic of the wise, Prov 21:20.

Symbol for establishing a treaty as oil was carried into Egypt, i.e. a treaty was made with that country, Hos 12:1.

Unger’s Bible Dictionary found:

Oil as a figure for kind reproof “oil upon the head,” Psalm 141:5.

Holman found oil used in the following ways:

In time of sorrow, anointing with oil was not practiced, 2 Sam. 14:2, w/ 14 as an analogy of God’s plan for man’s salvation.

As a symbol of honor, Judges 9:9, while virtue was compared to perfumed oil, Song of Sol. 1:3; Eccl. 7:1.

As a symbol of affluence, oil was also associated with the arrogance of the rich (Hebrew: Fertile/Fat valley = “valley of oil” [SHEMEN], Isa. 28:1, 4).

So, we see oil is a symbol of “honor, wealth, and prosperity.” This is also noted in the number of applications for “oil” as identified in the ISBE.

As a Commodity of Exchange.

Olive oil when properly made and stored will keep sweet for years, hence, was a good form of merchandise to hold. Oil is still sometimes given in payment, 1 Ki 5:11; Ezek 27:17; Hos 12:1; Luke 16:6; Rev 18:13 (The destruction of cosmic commerce.).

As a Cosmetic.

From earliest times, oil was used as a cosmetic, especially for oiling the limbs and head. Oil used in this way was usually scented (see OINTMENT). Oil is still used in this manner by the Arabs, principally to keep the skin and scalp soft when traveling in dry desert regions, where there is no opportunity to bathe. Sesame oil has replaced olive oil to some extent for this purpose. Homer, Pliny, and other early writers mention its use for external application. Pliny claimed it was used to protect the body against the cold. Many Biblical references indicate the use of oil as a cosmetic (Ex 25:6; Deut 28:40; Ruth 3:3; 2 Sam 12:20; 14:2; Est 2:12; Ps 23:5; 92:10; 104:15; 141:5; Ezek 16:9; Mic 6:15; Luke 7:46).

Luke 7:46, “You did not anoint My head with oil, but she anointed My feet with perfume.”

As a Medicine.

From early Egyptian literature down to late Arabic medical works, oil is mentioned as a valuable remedy. Many odd prescriptions contain olive oil as one of their ingredients. The good Samaritan used oil mingled with wine to dress the wounds of the man who fell among robbers, Mark 6:13 (12 Apostles); Luke 10:34 (the good Samaritan).

Mark 6:12-13, “They went out and preached that men should repent. 13And they were casting out many demons and were anointing with oil many sick people and healing them.”

As a Food.

Olive oil replaces butter to a large extent in the diet of the people of the Mediterranean countries. In Bible lands, food is fried in it, it is added to stews, and is poured over boiled vegetables, such as beans, peas, and lentils, and over salads, sour milk, cheese, and other foods as a dressing. A cake is prepared from ordinary bread dough, which is smeared with oil and sprinkled with herbs before baking (Lev 2:4). At times of fasting, Oriental Christians use only vegetable oils, usually olive oil, for cooking. For Biblical references to the use of oil as food see; Num 11:8; Deut 7:13; 14:23; 32:13; 1 Ki 17:12, 14, 16; 2 Ki 4:2, 6, 7; 1 Ch 12:40; 2 Ch 2:10, 15; Ezr 3:7; Prov 21:17; Ezek 16:13, 18; Hos 2:5, 8, 22; Hag 2:12; Rev 6:6 – our Scripture.

As an Illuminant.

Olive oil, until recent years, was universally used for lighting purposes (see LAMP). In Palestine are many homes where a most primitive form of lamp, similar to those employed by the Israelites, is still in use. The prejudice in favor of the exclusive use of olive oil for lighting Holy places is disappearing. Formerly, any other illuminant was forbidden (compare Ex 25:6; 27:20; 35:8, 14, 28; 39:37; Mat 25:1-13).

In Religious Rites.

  • CONSECRATION:

Consecration of officials or sacred things (Gen 28:18; 35:14; Ex 29:2, 7, 21 ff; 40:9 ff; Lev 2:1 ff; Num 4:9 ff; 1 Sam 10:1; 16:1, 13; 2 Sam 1:21; 1 Ki 1:39; 2 Ki 9:1, 3, 1; Ps 89:20): This was adopted by the early Christians in their ceremonies (Jas 5:13-16), and is still used in the consecration of crowned rulers and church dignitaries.

  • OFFERINGS:

Offerings, grain, votive (vow, gratitude, devotion), and otherwise: The custom of making offerings of oil to Holy places still survives in Oriental religions. One may see burning before the shrines along a Syrian roadside or in the churches, small lamps whose supply of oil is kept renewed by pious adherents. In Israelite times, oil was used in the meal offering, in the consecration offerings, offerings of purification from leprosy, etc. (Ex 29:2; 40:9 ff; Lev 2:2 ff; 13-14; Num 4:9 ff; Deut 18:4; 1 Ch 9:29; 2 Ch 31:5; Neh 10:37, 39; 13:5, 12; Ezek 16:18, 19; 45; 46; Mic 6:7). In addition, it was excluded from the sin-offering (Lev. 5:11) and the jealousy-offering (Numbers 5:15).

  • BURIALS:

In connection with the burial of the dead: Egyptian papyri mention this use. In the Old Testament, no direct mention is made of the custom. Jesus referred to it in connection with His own burial (Mat 26:12; Mark 14:3-8; John 12:3-8; Luke 23:50-56; John 19:40).

Mat 26:12, “For when she poured this perfume on My body, she did it to prepare Me for burial.”

So, the ISBE identified the various literal uses and application for oil, as told in Scripture. Now, let’s take another look at the applications and relate them to the Word of God and Holy Spirit in the Spiritual sense.

  • As a Commodity of Exchange
  • As a Cosmetic
  • As a Medicine
  • As a Food
  • As an Illuminant
  • In Religious Rites (consecration, offerings, burials)

Commodity for Exchange

The literal said, “Olive oil when properly made and stored will keep sweet for years, hence, was a good form of merchandise to hold.”

In the Spiritual sense, it is sharing the Word of God with others.

1 Cor 11:2, “Now I praise you because you remember me in everything and hold firmly to the traditions, just as I delivered them to you.”

1 Cor 11:23, “For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you.”

Rev 3:18, “I advise you to buy from Me gold refined by fire so that you may become rich, and white garments so that you may clothe yourself, and that the shame of your nakedness will not be revealed; and eye salve to anoint your eyes so that you may see.”

Rom 1:15, “So, for my part, I am eager to preach the gospel to you also who are in Rome.”

As a Cosmetic

In the literal sense, “Oil is still principally to keep the skin and scalp soft when traveling in dry desert regions where there is no opportunity to bathe.”

In the Spiritual sense, the anointing of the Spirit and the Word of God resident within our souls is a sweet fragrance to God.

Ex 30:25, “You shall make of these a holy anointing oil, a perfume mixture, the work of a perfumer; it shall be a holy anointing oil.”

John 12:3, “Mary then took a pound of very costly perfume of pure nard, and anointed the feet of Jesus and wiped His feet with her hair; and the house was filled with the fragrance of the perfume.”

1 John 2:20-27; 1 Peter 3:1-5

2 Cor 1:21-22, “Now He who establishes us with you in Christ and anointed us is God, 22who also sealed us and gave us the Spirit in our hearts as a pledge.”

Luke 4:18, “THE SPIRIT OF THE LORD IS UPON ME, BECAUSE HE ANOINTED ME TO PREACH THE GOSPEL TO THE POOR.”

Job 40:10, “Adorn yourself with eminence and dignity, and clothe yourself with honor and majesty.”

Titus 2:10, “…showing all good faith so that they will adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in every respect.”

As a Medicine

Literally, “oil is mentioned as a valuable remedy.”

Spiritually, the Word and Spirit bring healing to our lives.

Psa 107:20, “He sent His word and healed them, and delivered them from their destructions.”

Luke 4:18-19, “THE SPIRIT OF THE LORD IS UPON ME, BECAUSE HE ANOINTED ME TO PREACH THE GOSPEL TO THE POOR. HE HAS SENT ME TO PROCLAIM RELEASE TO THE CAPTIVES, AND RECOVERY OF SIGHT TO THE BLIND, TO SET FREE THOSE WHO ARE OPPRESSED, 19TO PROCLAIM THE FAVORABLE YEAR OF THE LORD.”

Psa 17:22, “A joyful heart is good medicine, but a broken spirit dries up the bones.”

Mark 6:13, “And they were casting out many demons and were anointing with oil many sick people and healing them.”

Rev 3:18, “… and eye salve to anoint your eyes so that you may see.”

Hebrew 12:12-13, “Therefore, strengthen the hands that are weak and the knees that are feeble, 13and make straight paths for your feet, so that the limb which is lame may not be put out of joint, but rather be healed.”

As a Food

Literally, “Is poured over foods as a dressing. A cake is prepared from ordinary bread dough, which is smeared with oil and sprinkled with herbs before baking.” (Lev 2:4)

Spiritually, it is analogous to the Bread of Life (Word of God) taught to us by God the Holy Spirit. It is our spiritual sustenance.

Jesus Christ = Bread of Life
Jesus Christ = the Word
Bread of Life = The Word
The Word + the Filling of the Holy Spirit = Complete Spiritual Food.

Num 29:14, “And their grain offering, fine flour mixed with oil.”

John 6:27, “Do not work for the food which perishes, but for the food which endures to eternal life, which the Son of Man will give to you, for on Him the Father, God, has set His seal.”

John 1:1, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.”

John 6:35, “Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life; he who comes to Me will not hunger, and he who believes in Me will never thirst.”

John 6:48-55; Heb 5:12-14

1 Cor 3:2-3, “I gave you milk to drink, not solid food; for you were not yet able to receive it. Indeed, even now you are not yet able, 3for you are still fleshly.”

As an Illuminant

The literal stated, “Olive oil until recent years was universally used for lighting purposes.”

Spiritually, through the power of the filling of the indwelling Holy Spirit, we are to reflect the Word in word and deed in this dark world.

1 John 1:5-7, 2:8-10

Mat 5:14-16, “You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden; 15 nor does anyone light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on the lampstand, and it gives light to all who are in the house. 16 Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.” W/ Luke 8:16-17, 11:34-36

2 Cor 4:4, 6, “In whose case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelieving so that they might not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God… 6For God, who said, “Light shall shine out of darkness,” is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the Light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.”

Rom 13:12, “… Therefore let us lay aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light.”

See also: John 1:4-9

In Religious Rites (consecration, offerings, burials)

  • Consecration of officials

The literal said, “Consecration of officials or sacred things.”

Spiritually, the Holy Spirit seals us through faith in the Word, the gospel.

1 Peter 2:9, “But you are A CHOSEN RACE, A royal PRIESTHOOD, A HOLY NATION, A PEOPLE FOR God’s OWN POSSESSION, so that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light.”

1 John 2:20, “But you have an anointing from the Holy One, and you all know.”

2 Cor 1:21-22, “Now He who establishes us with you in Christ and anointed us is God, 22who also sealed us and gave us the Spirit in our hearts as a pledge.”

Eph 1:13, “In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation—having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise.”

  • Offerings

The literal said, “The custom of making offerings of oil to holy places”, (i.e. to God for Israelites).

Spiritually, our prayers and application of the Word of God in our lives with self-sacrificial love is our offering to God today.

Rom 15:16, “To be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles, ministering as a priest the gospel of God, so that my offering of the Gentiles may become acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.”

Phil 1:4-5, “Always offering prayer with joy in my every prayer for you all, 5in view of your participation in the gospel from the first day until now.”

2 Tim 4:6, “For I am already being poured out as a drink offering, and the time of my departure has come.” W/ Phil 2:17

Heb 10:5-18, “Jesus Christ the Word is our offering for the forgiveness of sins.”

Col 3:16-17, “Let the word of Christ richly dwell within you, with all wisdom teaching and admonishing one another with psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with thankfulness in your hearts to God. 17Whatever you do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks through Him to God the Father.” W/ Eph 5:15-20

  • Burials

Literally, oil was used in the preparation of the dead.

Spiritually, it is the Sealing of the Holy Spirit for eternal life, which comes after our physical death and protects the believer from the Second Death, the Eternal Lake of Fire.

Mark 14:8, “She has done what she could; she has anointed My body beforehand for the burial.”

2 Tim 1:10, “But now has been revealed by the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus, who abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel.”

Eph 4:30, “Do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.”

Rev 2:10-11, “… Be faithful until death, and I will give you the crown of life. 11‘He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. He who overcomes will not be hurt by the second death.’

So, as oil has literal physical applications that God designed to benefit mankind, it has more poignant applications in the spiritual realm representing both the Word of God and God the Holy Spirit working in our lives.

Now we turn to the:

First Mention of “Oil” in the Bible.

The Hebrew word for “oil,” SHEMEN – שָׁ֫מֶן, is first found in Gen 28:18.

In this scripture, Gen 28:1-22, Jacob journeys to Haran, (northwestern Iraq today), at the urging of his mother Rebekah to Isaac, to find a wife from his uncle Laban’s family. There he finds Rachel but is tricked into marrying Leah first, and then was allowed to marry Rachel, after a total of two seven-year periods of service.

On Jacob’s trip to his Uncle, God met him in a dream at Luz confirming the passage of Abraham’s covenant to Jacob. This dream is widely known as Jacob’s Ladder.

Gen 28:18, “So Jacob rose early in the morning, and took the stone that he had put under his head and set it up as a pillar and poured oil on its top.”

Here Jacob built an altar with the stone he rested his head on; just as we are to rest in God through faith in Him and glorifying Him. Heb 4:1-11

Heb 4:1, “Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have come short of it.”

Heb 4:10, “For the one who has entered His rest has himself also rested from his works, as God did from His.”

Jacob consecrated the stone with oil. Consecration with oil is a symbol of sanctification or setting apart. Just as Israel was set apart as a new racial species in the Abrahamic covenant (Gen 17), and the Church Age believer is set apart as a new spiritual species. 1 Cor 1:2; 6:11; 2 Cor 5:17; Gal 6:15; Heb 2:11; 10:10, 14;

Gen 17:2, “I will establish My covenant between Me and you, and I will multiply you exceedingly.”

1 Cor 1:2, “To the church of God which is at Corinth, to those who have been sanctified in Christ Jesus, saints by calling, with all who in every place call on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, their Lord and ours.”

1 Cor 6:11, “Such were some of you; but you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God.”

Jacob after sanctifying the place: he called it Bethel = House of God.

Jerusalem was the place where the Temple was built, but Bethel was second to it as a place of worship, both in praise of God and apostasy of false gods.

Holman Bible Dictionary“Bethel was important in the Old Testament for both geographic and religious reasons. Because of its abundant springs, the area was fertile and attractive to settlements as early as 3200 B.C. Religiously, Bethel served as a sanctuary during the times of the patriarchs, judges, and the divided kingdom, hence was second only to Jerusalem as a religious center. The ark of the covenant was kept in Bethel during a period of the judges (Judg. 20:27), so the tribes converged there upon Benjamin to avenge the moral atrocity at Gibeah (Judg. 20:18-28), offering sacrifices and seeking the Lord’s direction (Judg. 21:1-4). Bethel also was a place where both Deborah (Judg. 4:5) and Samuel (1 Sam. 7:16) judged the civil and religious affairs of the Israelites in the area. Jeroboam I made it a religious center of his innovative, apostate religion of the Northern Kingdom. He erected a golden calf both here and in Dan with non-Levitic priests and an illegitimate feast to compete with the celebrations and religion of Jerusalem, ten and a half miles to the south in Judah (1 Kings 12:29-33).

Bethel, House of God, reminds us that we are the temple of God during the Church Age. 1 Cor 3:16-17; 6:19; 2 Cor 6:16; Eph 2:21

Formerly, it had the name Luz, which means, “Almond Tree.” Almond trees were the first to blossom after the winter months and are a type of First Fruits.

The blossoms are called in Hebrew צִיץ  tsiyts (tseets), “the awakening one,” probably from its early blossoming.

This has an analogy to Jacob’s spiritual life. It was his place of awakening, Gen 28:16-17, 21. Here he believed on the Lord and received the promise first given to Abraham. Later in Gen 35:1-16, at this same place, Jacob’s name was changed by God to Israel. This was signified by the repeating of the promise previously given to him. See also Hos. 12:4, 5.

The promise God gave to Israel included the bringing forth of the Messiah. This was also seen in the story of Jacob meeting Rachel, his uncle’s daughter and eventual wife, for the first time, Gen 29:5-10. Here we see an appointed time for all the flock to be watered; signified by the rolling away of the stone from the mouth of the well, just as all people can be watered by our Lord, as a result of His resurrection that was proved by the rolling away of the stone from the tomb. Jesus Christ is the spring and water of life. John 4:7-15; Rev 7:17; 21:6; 22:17

John 4:14, “But whoever drinks of the water that I will give him shall never thirst; but the water that I will give him will become in him a well of water springing up to eternal life.”

Rev 7:17, “For the Lamb in the center of the throne will be their shepherd, and will guide them to springs of the water of life; and God will wipe every tear from their eyes.”

Rev 21:6, “Then He said to me, ‘It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give to the one who thirsts from the spring of the water of life without cost.’”

The almond also speaks to Christ and the Church as the first fruits, as a result of His resurrection. 1Cor 15:20; Rom 8:23; James 1:18

1 Cor 15:20, “But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep.”

Rom 8:23, “And not only this, but also we ourselves, having the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting eagerly for our adoption as sons, the redemption of our body.”

James 1:18, “In the exercise of His will He brought us forth by the word of truth, so that we would be a kind of first fruits among His creatures.”

The Almond fruit is eaten in two stages; the first, the tender, acidic, unripe, crisp pod, and the other, the ripe almonds, so familiar everywhere. Varieties of almonds are classified in two categories, bitter and sweet. The bitter Almond was primarily used for its oil, while the sweet was used for desserts.

Gen 27:34, “When Esau (Jacob’s brother) heard the words (blessing of Jacob) of his father (Isaac), he cried out with an exceedingly great and bitter cry, and said to his father, “Bless me, even me also, O my father!”

Here the duality of the bitterness of loss and judgment for the unbeliever and sweet blessing for the believer is seen.

The Word of God is said to be bitter sweet.

Rev 10:9-11, “So I went to the angel, telling him to give me the little book. And he said to me, “Take it and eat it; it will make your stomach bitter, but in your mouth it will be sweet as honey.” 10I took the little book out of the angel’s hand and ate it, and in my mouth it was sweet as honey; and when I had eaten it, my stomach was made bitter. 11And they said to me, “You must prophesy again concerning many peoples and nations and tongues and kings.”

Charles Ryrie: The eating of the little scroll was to remind John that although these truths from God may be pleasant to his taste, they were bitter when digested, because they spoke of judgment. The revelation of God’s judgment, on careful reflection should always bring heaviness of heart to the child of God. Ezek 2:8-3:27

Bitter and sweet speak to the dual effect of God’s Word through the ministry of God the Holy Spirit. It is Blessings for the believer who is advancing in God’s Word and Plan, and Judgment for the unbeliever and reversionistic believer.

To the one who loves and obeys the Word, it is sweet as honey; to the one who rejects the Word and is bitter towards it, the Word judges and is bitter to them, just as salt preserves flesh and deadens the land. Both almonds and salt, and bitter and sweet represent His Word; one in provisions for life, the other in judgment.

The place of this anointing holds significant meaning too, because Bethel became the land of Ephraim. (It was originally to be part of the tribe of Benjamin [son of my right hand] but they either did not win it or hold it, and it became part of Ephraim. Later it was part of the Northern Kingdom.) Ephraim means, “fruitful.” Again, we have an analogy to the Word and Spirit, as we in the church produce the Fruit of the Spirit, when we apply the Word of God. Gal 5:22-23

So, we have a little code here that we will translate. Stone, Luz, Oil, Bethel, Benjamin, Ephraim:

Laid his head on the Stone = Resting in Jesus Christ

In the city of Luz = Almond Tree – Early Awakening – Bitter Sweet – the Word of God

Used oil to consecrate the place = Set apart by the Spirit

Changed the name of the city to Bethel = House of God

In the land that was originally Benjamin = Son of the right hand, based on Jesus Christ’s death, resurrection, ascension, and session.

In the land that became Ephraim = Fruitful

So, by resting in Jesus Christ through positive volition towards the Gospel message, we receive the efficacious grace of God as we awaken from our spiritually dead state and are sanctified (set apart as a new creature) and become the dwelling place of God, because of the death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ, to produce Divine Good.

The area that Jacob consecrated with oil was the place of the early awakening, by the bitter sweet that became the house of God, in the land of fruitfulness. Just as you and I (believers in the Church Age) came to salvation, by the efficacious grace of God, at positive volition toward the gospel message and are the dwelling place of God as first fruits. In that place, we are called to produce the Fruit of the Spirit. 1 Cor 3:16; Eph 3:14-19; Col 3:16; James 4:5

1 Cor 3:16, “Do you not know that you are a temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you?”

Col 3:16, “Let the word of Christ richly dwell within you, with all wisdom teaching and admonishing one another with psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with thankfulness in your hearts to God.”

James 4:5, “Or do you think that the Scripture speaks to no purpose: “He jealously desires the Spirit which He has made to dwell in us?”

Unger states in his Bible Dictionary, “Oil was a fitting symbol of the Spirit or spiritual principle of life, by virtue of its power to sustain and fortify the vital energy; and the anointing oil, which was prepared according to divine instructions, was therefore a symbol of the Spirit of God, as the principle of spiritual life that proceeds from God and fills the natural being of the creature with the powers of divine life. Anointing with oil, therefore, was a symbol of endowment with the Spirit of God for the duties of the office to which a person was consecrated in the Old Testament, (Lev 8:12; 1 Sam 10:1, 6; 16:13-14; Isa 61:1).”

So, we see a wonderful picture of God’s plan for man, especially in the Church Age, as we go from salvation to divine good production. This combines both our positional sanctification, as well as our experiential sanctification. And both are dependent on the Word of God and the ministry of God the Holy Spirit.

Other Uses and Analogies of Oil

In an ancient song sung at a Hebrew monarch’s wedding, Christ (the Word) is said to be anointed with the “oil of gladness,” Heb 1:9.

Heb 1:9, “You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You with the oil of gladness above Your companions.”

The Greek word for gladness is agalliasis – γαλλίασις (ag-al-lee’-as-is) and means, “exultation, extreme joy, gladness.”

Our Lord received an anointing from God, meaning He was sanctified or uniquely set apart, as a result of this oil that also provided Him with extreme happiness. A.k.a. the Happiness of God or +H. So, the Sealing Ministry of God the Holy Spirit brought exultation to the life (humanity) of Jesus Christ.

Who did Christ exult? None other than God the Father.

Acts 10:38, “You know of Jesus of Nazareth, how God (the Father) anointed Him with the Holy Spirit and with power, and how He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with Him.” W/ Luke 4:18-19

Likewise, we too have this same anointing from the Holy Spirit. 2 Cor 1:21-22

2 Cor 1:21 Now He who establishes us with you in Christ and anointed us is God, 22who also sealed us and gave us the Spirit in our hearts as a pledge.

With the same anointing that Jesus received, we should be performing the same Divine Good production as He. Gal 5:22-23

Heb 1:9 is a quote from Isa 61:1-3. (Read) Isa 61:1-3 speaks of giving Israel a wedding versus a funeral based on the anointing and work of the Lord Jesus Christ. The word “gladness” is the Hebrew word SASON. SASON has the same meaning as the Greek word “AGALLIASIS,” which is, “exultation, rejoicing, and joy.” The quote used in Hebrews 1:9 is from Psa 45:6 where SASON is the “Oil of Exultation.”

Psa 45:6-7, “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; a scepter of uprightness is the scepter of Your kingdom. 7You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God, Your God, has anointed You with the oil of joy above Your fellows.”

So, we see the unique ministry and happiness that Jesus Christ was prophesized to receive, did receive in His First Advent, and will continue with in His Second Advent. See also: Acts 2:24-28

The same anointing that He received is available to us, so that we too will share in the Happiness of God performing divine good works.

Psa 104:15, “And wine which makes man’s heart glad, so that he may make his face glisten with oil, and food which sustains man’s heart.”

Psa 23:1-6 (death shadowed valley, God’s divine guidance and protection.)

  • Now, when Oil is combined with fire, it does what? It creates light. We have a beautiful picture of this in the Tabernacle. The Golden Lampstand inside the Tabernacle is a perfect picture of “oil,” as the enabler for fire to give off its light. This picture was not just a literal one but had spiritual significance even for us today at Mat 5:14-16 tells us.

Mat 5:14-16, “You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden. 15Nor do men light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on the lampstand; and it gives light to all who are in the house. 16Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.”

In Mat 5:16, the verb for “Light” is LAMPOS. LAMPOS is a noun from the root word, LAMPAS, which means, “torch or a lamp, the flame of which is fed with oil.”

  • Here we have the analogy of the combination of the Word of God, the “oil,” which is burned by a flame, the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:3-4), to shed light. What is interesting is that in order for the flame to burn the oil in a controlled manner that has meaning and purpose, a third article is needed. That article is where we come in. That article is called a wick. Oil needs something to flow through in order to be used properly and precisely in shedding light. Therefore the lamp needs a wick.

So, God the Holy Spirit (GtHS) is our enabler (the flame) and with the Mind of Christ (oil) which produces light when touched to the flame/fire. We individually and as members of the church, Body of Christ and Royal Family of God, can shine the light of His glory on the darkness of this sinful world, powered by the Word and GtHS. 2 Cor 4:6

2 Cor 4:6, “For God, who said, “Light shall shine out of darkness,” is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the Light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.”

Just as there was no light in the Tabernacle other than the Lampstand; likewise, there is no light inside of man without the Balance of Residency = Maximum Metabolized Bible Doctrine in your souls, ready for application, plus the power of the filling of God the Holy Spirit. 1 John 1:7; 2:27; W/ 2 Cor 2:9-16

The key to keeping the fire alive was the burning oil (Word) that was absorbed by the wick (positive believer) and burned by the flame (Holy Spirit) that shined its glorious light in the room (the world), and the entire process and production was made possible by the Lampstand (Jesus Christ as designed by God the Father).

  • This shows us the picture of our lives, which should be continuously doing the will and work of the Lord by taking in doctrine daily (Oil) and applying it daily (light). Luke 19:47
  • It shows us that the light cannot burn on its own; it has to be replenished daily. Just like our souls have to be filled daily with the Word, in order to sustain the light. Acts 17:11 (Bereans “more noble minded”). He speaks the words He hears. John 16:13

John 16:13, “But when He, the Spirit of truth, comes, He will guide you into all the truth; for He will not speak on His own initiative, but whatever He hears, He will speak; and He will disclose to you what is to come.”

  • The Lampstand analogy also shows us that the wick (which is the absorption mechanism) gets charred and needs to be trimmed. This is a reference to the garbage in our souls that needs to be trimmed away. This is a process fulfilled by God the Holy Spirit when your Pastor teaches you the Word of God and you receive it. Trimming is necessary so that the remaining wick (your soul / heart) can burn more brightly.

In a negative sense, this concept is used in Ezek 15:4-5 (divine discipline against Israel); Mat 25:1-12 (the foolish virgins), where they don’t trim properly and are not useful or qualified. An extinguished wick denotes God’s Judgment upon those that come against His people. Isa 43:17

Isa 43:17, “They will lie down together and not rise again; They have been quenched and extinguished like a wick (Babylonians and the Chaldeans).”

Phil 2:15-16 gives us the proper attitude of trimming and burning.

  • A wick is also used as an analogy of our Lord, the Light, signifying His humanity and His prefect / completed work. Isa 42:1-3 (Flax) W/ Mat 12:20. We are to emulate Christ.

So, in our analogy of the Golden Lampstand, the emanating light from the oil (Word of God), the wick (mature believers,) and the flame (Holy Spirit) represent the perfect and complete action of Exulting God.

  • Then our final analogy has to do with the Garden at Gethsemane.

Gethsemane was the place of our Lord’s arrest prior to His trials and crucifixion. It is at the foot of the Mount of Olives, beyond the torrent Kidron, Matt 26:36; Mark 14:32. The name of that place holds special meaning.

Bereans is a Hebrew word transliterated into the Greek as Beroiaios, and has been carried down to our English today. It is made up of two Hebrew words.

gath – גַּת –  gath – “Treading out; press, or the vat for holding grapes in pressing them.”

And our familiar word for “oil,” שָׁ֫מֶן – shemen – (sheh’-men), which is from שָׁמַן – shaòman / shamen, that is a primitive root meaning, “to shine, be or make oily.” So, SHEMEN comes to mean, “grease, liquid from the olive, (often perfumed); richness, anointing, oil, oiled, ointment, and olive.”

So, Gethsemane the place where Jesus’ trials and judgment began is also known as “an oil press” or literally “the winepress of oil.” This interestingly combines both oil and wine together, speaking of our Lord in Word and Spirit. This also leads us to our next study of wine in Rev 6:6

So far, we have translated Rev 6:6 as such.

“And I comprehended by listening through the ear gate in the same manner (as before) a voice in The Center (God’s throne), around which are the four Living Creatures saying, ‘A quart containing wheat for a denarius (one day’s wage) and three quarts containing barely for a denarius’; and the oil…”

Next we have:

Greek: “καὶ τὸν οἶνον μὴ ἀδικήσῃς.”

Transliteration of the Greek: “kai ton oinon me adikeses.”

Gen 6:6, “… and the wine do not harm.”

KAI is the Coordinating or Connective Conjunction, “and.”

TON is the definite article, “the.”

OINON is a Greek Noun in the Accusative Case, Masculine Gender, Singular Person and simply means, “wine.”

The Accusative is the case of the direct object that limits the action. So wine, along with oil, are the objects of reference that will not come under the direct Judgment of God. These two of the seven main products of Israel will be spared from the famine. Yet, by not harming them and allowing the ultra-wealthy to prosper has an indirect judgment on them. God will allow them to continue in their blind arrogance of worldly sustenance, while the rest will have extreme hardship that typically leads people to salvation.

1 Cor 10:21, “You cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons; you cannot partake of the table of the Lord and the table of demons.”

So, what we see here in the “oil and wine” combined is the judgment of a deluding influence as noted in 2 Thes 2:6-12.

“Deluding” is the Greek word – plané – πλάνη (plan’-ay), which means, “a wandering, deceitful, deception, deluding, and / or error.”

  • As believers in the Lord Jesus Christ, we have the opportunity to escape the deluding influence if we advance in the Word of God. Eph 4:14

Eph 4:14-15, “As a result, we are no longer to be children (NEPIOS – simple minded infants), tossed here and there by waves and carried about by every wind of doctrine, by the trickery of men, by craftiness in deceitful scheming; 15but speaking the truth in love, we are to grow up in all aspects into Him who is the head, even Christ,”

  • For those who don’t follow in the ways of Christ, God allows them to be deceived by their own volitional choices. Rom 1:27-28; Jude 1:8-13

1 John 4:6, “We are from God; he who knows God listens to us; he who is not from God does not listen to us. By this we know the spirit of truth and the spirit of error.”

  • Based on a person’s negative volition toward the Gospel, God blinds their eyes to the truth. He does not coerce their volition. John 12:37-43
  • In God’s justice called permissive will, He allows false teachers to lead those who don’t want to hear or know the truth.

Mat 15:14, “Let them alone; they are blind guides of the blind. And if a blind man guides a blind man, both will fall into a pit.”

2 Peter 2:18, “For speaking out arrogant words of vanity they entice by fleshly desires, by sensuality, those who barely escape from the ones who live in error.”

  • The believer is warned not to be entrapped by the blind guides.

2 Peter 3:17-18, “You therefore, beloved, knowing this beforehand, be on your guard so that you are not carried away by the error of unprincipled men and fall from your own steadfastness, 18but grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.”

  • Ultimately, Satan is the author of the deceitful doctrines. He is the deluding spirit leading men to wander in error.

2 Cor 4:3-4, “And even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing, 4in whose case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelieving so that they might not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.”

1 John 2:11, “But the one who hates his brother is in the darkness and walks in the darkness, and does not know where he is going because the darkness has blinded his eyes.”

  • Never forget the fact that a man’s volition is always involved in his deception. If his volition goes unchecked against the Word of God, his soul will degenerate further and further away from God. This is the principle of the Blackout of the Soul of the unbeliever. Jesus called the Pharisees, “blind guides,” and those who followed them, “blind men.” “The blind leading the blind.” Mat 15:14; 23:16-19, Luke 6:39
  • Paul taught about the unbeliever’s Blackout of the Soul.

2 Cor 3:14-16, “But their minds were hardened; for until this very day at the reading of the old covenant the same veil remains unlifted, because it is removed in Christ. 15But to this day whenever Moses is read, a veil lies over their heart; 16but whenever a person turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away.”

Rom 11:7-8, “ What then? What Israel is seeking, it has not obtained, but those who were chosen obtained it, and the rest were hardened; 8just as it is written, God has given them a spirit of stupor, `Eyes to see not, ears to hear not,’ down to this very day.”

Pastor RB Thieme Jr. states regarding Satan as the spirit of delusion:

“As the leader of all fallen angels and as the ruler of planet earth, Satan has been able to compile a cosmic system which is a mass of thoughts, opinions, speculations, systems of false doctrines, panaceas, plans, systems of all categories for deceit, policies, and objectives by which Satan seeks to control the world which he rules.”

Now for the flip side: The less fortunate.  All will begin the Tribulation as unbelievers. The judgments that God brings onto the earth, especially the first six Seal Judgments, are all intended as wake up calls. For those who humble themselves and receive Christ as their Savior, they will unfortunately have to remain in the world, unless they are martyred. For them God says persevere. The contrast between the blind and believer is seen in Rom 2:5-11. Here we have the word perseverance.

“Perseverance” is the Greek word hypomone – hupomone (hoop-om-on-ay’).

Thayer defines this word as such; “steadfastness, constancy, endurance. In the NT the characteristic of a man who is not swerved from his deliberate purpose and his loyalty to faith and piety by even the greatest trials and sufferings. Patiently, and steadfastly. A patient enduring, sustaining, perseverance.”

This is the principle for all believers as found in Rom 5:3-5; 15:5-6;

This is also found in Rev 14:6-13, but here we have our tie in to Rev 6:6, and the indirect Judgment on “wine.”

In Verse 10, we have the phrase, “wine of wrath.”

“Wrath” is the Greek world THUMOS and means, “passion, anger, wrath.” It is speaking to God’s passionate judgment of the world for its rejection of His plan of salvation. So, although the wine is not made scarce in the Third Seal, the Wine of the Wrath of God will be unleashed. See also Rev 18:3-6.

Isa 51:14-23, Wine of wrath – “bread”

Jer 25:12ff (Ancient Babylon, as a type of the Tribulation)

Jer 25:15-16, “For thus the LORD, the God of Israel, says to me, “Take this cup of the wine of wrath from My hand and cause all the nations to whom I send you to drink it. 16“They will drink and stagger and go mad because of the sword that I will send among them.”

Rev 16:19, “The great city was split into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. Babylon the great was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of His fierce wrath.” W/ Rev 19:15

As Rev 14:13 tells us, some will wake up during these judgments and must persevere through these difficult times. As they do, the promise of the Millennium awaits them.

Isa 32:1-4, “Behold, a king will reign righteously and princes will rule justly. 2 Each will be like a refuge from the wind and a shelter from the storm, like streams of water in a dry country, like the shade of a huge rock in a parched land. 3Then the eyes of those who see will not be blinded, and the ears of those who hear will listen. 4The mind of the hasty will discern the truth, and the tongue of the stammerers will hasten to speak clearly.”

So, the Oil and Wine of the 3rd Seal Judgment, although not directly affected by the Black Horse Rider, are indirect Judgments toward the wealthy and arrogant, as a deluding influence blinding them from the truth of Christ crucified. Their own volition continues to eat up the false doctrines of Satan and the Antichrist.

So, let’s study more about “Wine.”

Principles of Wine Found in the Old Testament

Similar to the almond and oil (when representing the Word of God, as we have seen previously), wine too has a bitter and sweet connotation throughout Scripture. At times, it represents sin and sinful man, at other times it represents sacrifice and the completed work of our Lord. We will see the dual uses in this study.

Our Greek word for wine is OINON, and the Hebrew is YAYIN, while the Latin is VINUN.

The common Hebrew word YAYIN – יָ֫יִן, is used over 130 times in the Old Testament and is from a root meaning, “to boil up, to be in a ferment, effervesce, (foam).” Others derive it from a root meaning, “to tread out,” and hence the juice of the grape trodden out.

  • The First Usage of YAYIN in the Bible is in Gen 9:21-24. This is the account post flood, where Noah basking in the prosperity blessings God had given him, basked too much. In the process, he took off his clothes and fell asleep, “uncovered himself.” So, here we see sin represented, as nakedness represents the knowledge of sin as first mentioned in the Bible, which brings about a sense of shame.

Without a sin nature, there is no shame in nakedness, because it was not sinful.

Gen 2:25, “And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed.”

Once sin entered into man’s soul, nakedness represented the knowledge of sin, which brings about shame.

Gen 3:7, “Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loin coverings.”

So, “nakedness” represents “the knowledge of sin.”

Noah had three sons; Shem whose name means “Name” was the eldest, Japheth, “Wide spreading; Beautiful/White” was the middle maybe the youngest, and Ham, “Hot / Black” in Egyptian was the youngest or middle. So, Ham comes along and sees his father’s nakedness, and instead of covering him, he exposes him to his brothers. His brothers Shem and Japheth in turn honor their father by covering his nakedness without violation in any way. As a result, Japheth and Shem received a blessing from God via Noah, and one of Ham’s sons, Canaan, receives a cursing. Some commentators believe only one of Ham’s sons receives the cursing because of God’s foreknowledge of like sin and dishonor towards God the Father for that race. Also this curse was not placed upon all of Ham’s son’s, which dispels the often told theory that the cursing is upon the “black races” which are Ham’s offspring.

Hab 2:15-16, “Woe to you who make your neighbors drink, who mix in your venom even to make them drunk So as to look on their nakedness! 16You will be filled with disgrace rather than honor. Now you yourself drink and expose your own nakedness. The cup in the LORD’S right hand will come around to you, and utter disgrace will come upon your glory.”

The uncovering and nakedness may also be a reference to Ham, not just viewing the nakedness of his father but potentially also his mother. As Lev 18:6-19; 20:11, 17-21 and Deut 27:20 says it is a sin and is not appropriate. The worst case scenario is that Ham also entered into or joined in sexual relationships with his mother during her and Noah’s inebriated state, same verses as above for reference. But this is unlikely since Ham goes and tells his brothers.

Nevertheless, the first usage of wine speaks of an act of sin, where we see, on one hand, someone maliciously exposes the sin, which is a further sin, and on the other hand, someone covers the sin. This is a great type and picture of salvation found in Christ versus the world. The world wants to expose your sins and run you down, where Christ covers all of your sins and lifts you up, Isa 40:31; James 4:10.

Do you see the bitter/sweet analogy?  Sin and the covering of sin.

Rom 4:7-8, “BLESSED ARE THOSE WHOSE LAWLESS DEEDS HAVE BEEN FORGIVEN, AND WHOSE SINS HAVE BEEN COVERED. 8BLESSED IS THE MAN WHOSE SIN THE LORD WILL NOT TAKE INTO ACCOUNT.” W/ Psa 32:1-2

Psa 85:2, “You forgave the iniquity of Your people; You covered all their sin.”

  • The next time we see “wine” in the Bible is the short story of Melchizedek that is another type of our Lord Jesus Christ.

In Gen 14:18, blessed Shem’s offspring Abra(ha)m receives a blessing from the King / Priest Melchizedek, where he brings bread and wine and shares it with Abram and Abram blesses him with a tenth of all his possessions, Psa 110:4; Heb 5-7. Here we see the blessing of Christ who is without beginning and without end, as the King-Priest who shares with us His bread (body) and wine (blood) for our eternal salvation.

  • Next, we see the worldly aspect of wine in Gen 19:33-35, when Lots daughters conspired to continue their father’s name by getting him drunk with wine and getting impregnated by him. This is the bitter side of worldly ways to accomplish our wants and desires versus waiting on the Lord. The eldest daughter bore Moab, the father of the Moabite nation and the younger bore Ben-ammi the father of the Ammonites that have been a thorn in the side of Israel throughout its history. Principle of waiting on the Lord, Lam 3:25; Zeph 3:8; Micah 7:7.
  • Then we see in Gen 27:25-37, Isaac’s blessing to Jacob saying he would have “an abundance of grain and new wine.” We have seen how Jacob received the sweetness of God (Blessings) because of his belief, while Esau had bitterness (Divine Punitive Judgment) in unbelief.
  • Then we see the sweetness of wine again in Gen 49:9-12, when Jacob blesses his sons, and in particular Judah, where the eyes are red or bright (CHAKIYL a hapaxlegomena) not dull from wine. This is an emphasis on abundant blessings coming from the Tribe of Judah who bore the Messiah, as a well as being the last bastions of God of all the Tribes.
  • The next usage is in the consecration (setting apart) of Priests, Ex 29:39-44. Aaron and his sons were the ones set apart for the priesthood and in their daily offerings to God, wine was used. It was a soothing aroma to God. It is the analogy of giving back to God some of what He had given to them.
  • The next time wine is used is in the command to the priests not to get drunk prior to service for the Lord. Lev 10:9

Lev 10:9, “Do not drink wine or strong drink, neither you nor your sons with you, when you come into the tent of meeting, so that you will not die—it is a perpetual statute throughout your generations.”

This has application to us today, in that we (Believer Priests) are not to get drunk and think we can have fellowship with the Lord. When we do get drunk, we are out of fellowship and are operating under sin.

Eph 5:18, “And do not get drunk with wine, for that is dissipation, but be filled with the Spirit.”

Easton: “Several emphatic warnings are given in the New Testament against excess in the use of wine (Luke 21:34; Romans 13:13; Eph. 5:18; 1 Tim. 3:3, 8; Titus 1:7; 2:3). The sin of drunkenness, however, must have been not uncommon in the olden times, for it is mentioned either metaphorically or literally more than seventy times in the Bible.”

  • The First Time Wine is Used in the Feasts of Israel is the Feast of First Fruits, Lev 23:13. It was also used at Pentecost, Lev 23:18 and Tabernacles 23:3. As we saw in our study of the Feasts and harvest cycles, these three represent the resurrection of the Family of God; Gentile, Jew, and Millennial saints.

In the Old Testament, “wine” represents; Sin, Covering of Sin, God’s provision for sin, blessings, and resurrection, as we noted in the stories of Noah, Melchizedek, Lot, Jacob, Judah, the Priests, Priestly sinning, and three of the Feasts.

The New Testament usage of Wine represents the same things, showing us God’s work for our fellowship with Him.

New Testament Usage’s of Wine

Of the 237 times that “wine” is used in the Bible, only 39 of them are in the New Testament. But how they are used in the New Testament holds significant meaning.

Point 7 of our Old Testament outline of wine leads us to our New Testament outline. We saw that we cannot have fellowship with God if we are living in sin “drunk with wine.” God has done everything necessary for us to overcome sin, and therefore have fellowship with Him. First by establishing salvation in the Lord Jesus Christ, second by the indwelling and filling of God the Holy Spirit,and third by giving us the mind of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Bible. Now all we need to do is appropriate God’s provisions. Interestingly, wine represents God’s provisions for our fellowship with Him.

The Blood of Jesus Christ, which was shed for the forgiveness of our sins and salvation (covering), is represented as wine in the redemption cup that our Lord chose at the Passover Supper. Mat 26:27-28; Mark 14:22-25; Luke 22:15-20; 1 Cor 11:23-26.

Fellowship with the Lord and Spirit is also seen in that account in 1 Cor 11:27-32.

Unger states that, “Wine is figurative of the blood of Christ, Mat. 26:27-29; and of the blessings of the gospel, Prov. 9:2, 5; Isa 25:6; 55:1 (table and cup of the Lord).

But wine is also used to tell us of what occurs at the moment of our salvation. Jesus spoke of the parable of New and Old wine and wineskins. Mat 9:17; Mark 2:22; Luke 5:37-39

Let’s compare these three passages to see what God is saying and if there is anything unique about each.

Mark 2:22, “No one puts new wine into old wineskins; otherwise the wine will burst the skins, and the wine is lost and the skins as well; but one puts new wine into fresh wineskins.”

This scripture is the straight message. Here we have two Greek words that both mean “new” but with different emphasis.

First, “old” is the Greek work PALAIOS which means, “old, antique, or ancient.” So, it means, old from a time perspective.

Then we have the first Greek word for “new,” which is NEOS, which means, “new, young, youthful, or recently born.”

Then we have the next Greek word for “new” KAINOS, which is translated as, “fresh” in the NASB. KAINOS means simply, “new or fresh.” Yet, in respect to form, it means, “recently made, recent, unused, unworn.” In respect to substance, it means, “of a new kind, unprecedented, novel, uncommon, unheard of.”

So, from the Greek word for “new” we understand: the “new wine” refers to “age” and the “new wineskin” refers to “newly made or a new kind.”

These both tell us then that the new wine and wineskins represent the New Spiritual life that we receive at the moment of salvation as members of a New Spiritual Species, 2 Cor 5:17; Gal 6:15. It includes our regenerated Human Spirit.

Old Wineskins represents our unregenerate nature, living constantly under sin and the Sin Nature inside Satan’s Cosmic System. 1 Cor 3:16; 2 Cor 6:16

So, God is saying that the New Spiritual Life can’t reside inside our old self that was totally controlled by the sin nature. We must have a New Nature for the New Spiritual life to live in. That’s why God gives us the regenerated Human Spirit at the moment of salvation. So our New Life (Born Again) has a place to reside and dwell.

2 Cor 5:17, “Therefore, if anyone [Church Age believer] is in Christ Jesus [and they are], he is a new [spiritual] species. The old things [position in Adam, spiritual death] have lost their power; behold, new things have come [regeneration including the portfolio of invisible assets and Pre-designed Protocol Plan of God].”

Likewise, the New Nature is the temple of the Holy Spirit. So, He too needs the regenerate New Wineskin to dwell in.

1 Cor 3:16, “Do you not know that you are a temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you?”

Then, we have our next Passage of “New vs. Old wine and wineskins.”

Mat 9:17, “Nor do people put new wine into old wineskins; otherwise the wineskins burst, and the wine pours out and the wineskins are ruined; but they put new wine into fresh wineskins, and both are preserved.”

In this passage, which is the First Mention of Wine in the New Testament, we have an additional phrase.

Preserved is the Greek verb – suntéreó – συντηρέω (soon-tay-reh’-o) in the Present Tense, Passive Voice, Indicative Mood, Third Person, Plural. This word means, “to preserve a thing from perishing or being lost, and to keep within one’s self, keep in mind a thing, lest it be forgotten.”

It was used in the Imperfect Tense and Active Voice to describe Mary’s treasuring up or pondering the things being said about the Babe in Luke 2:19, of John the Baptist being kept safe temporarily in Mark 6:19-20, and in the Kings James rendering of Luke 5:38, our next passage.

In Mat 9:17, the Passive Voice says that the preserving is something received. Both the New Wine and New Wineskin will receive preserving, being kept safe.

If combined, they represent your new spiritual life; separately, they speak to that which provided for that new life. As such, the New Wine represents the Word of God first heard and believed on for your salvation (the mind of Christ) and the Wineskin represents your regenerated human spirit that houses your new spiritual life. Combined, they began and housed your new spiritual life. And according to Mat 9:17, both will be preserved.

This is represented in Mary’s story of treasuring the Word in her heart. It was preserved. Just as the New Wine, Word of God that enters our soul will be. Yet, if you did not have regeneration, any Word you took in would not stick and would not be fruitful. Similarly, post regeneration, we need to have the filling of the Spirit in order for the Word to stick and be fruitful within our souls.

So, you ask how is one saved if the Word, Gospel message, doesn’t stick because we are not yet regenerated? Well, prior to our salvation, God the Holy Spirit in Common and Efficacious grace acts in the place of our Human Spirit when we are positive to the Gospel, so it sticks. Then instantaneously at our positive volition, God regenerates our Human Spirit. Therefore, if we, as Mary did, treasure up the Word we hear, believe it, God the Holy Spirit will preserve it in our souls. Likewise, it is the Word of God that preserves our soul while we are here on earth against the temptations and attacks of our Old Sin Nature (OSN) and Satan’s Cosmic System.

Eph 6:16, “In addition to all, taking up the shield of faith with which you will be able to extinguish all the flaming arrows of the evil one.”

Zech 2:5, “For I,’ declares the LORD, ‘will be a wall of fire around her, and I will be the glory in her midst.’”

So, when we take in the Word of God in positive volition, God the Holy Spirit stores and retains that Word in our souls and the Word is preserved. That is called the Grace Apparatus for Perception (GAP). God the Holy Spirit will preserve the Word until it is time to utilize it, at which time it also protects our soul from the negative influences of the Sin Nature and Satan’s Cosmic System.

Now for the “wineskin”:  Through the Sealing Ministry of God the Holy Spirit, our regenerated spirits are preserved in time, waiting for the resurrection of our body in eternity. 2 Cor 1:22; Eph 1:13-14; 4:30

Eph 1:13-14, “In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation—having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise, 14who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God’s own possession, to the praise of His glory.”

Remember that the Wine and Wineskin are preserved in the Present Tense. In other words, as a result of our current positive volition, coupled with the filling of the Holy Spirit, the Word is preserved in our souls and due to regeneration and the Sealing of the Spirit, our souls are preserved until eternity. Nothing can destroy us.

Rom 8:37-39, “But in all these things we overwhelmingly conquer through Him who loved us. 38For I am convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, 39nor height, nor depth, nor any other created thing, will be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.”

And our final passage is Luke 5:37.

Luke 5:37, “And no one puts new wine into old wineskins; otherwise the new wine will burst the skins and it will be spilled out, and the skins will be ruined. 38But new wine must be put into fresh wineskins. 39And no one, after drinking old wine wishes for new; for he says, ‘The old is good enough.’”

Here we have a new phrase in Verse 39. In this passage, the Old Wine is eluded to be superior to New Wine. God is using earthly terms and Jesus is using a play on words, where we see several meanings.

First, to the believer in a reversal of meaning, the Old wine represents the better of the two, which in the spiritual life is the New Nature that we receive. In this analogy, Christ is saying once we have tasted the superior Old Wine (New Nature), we will not want to go back to the inferior New Wine (Old Self).

In another lens, this can also speak to the worldly unbelievers who are of the Cosmic System “Old Wine” (Satan’s counterfeit gospel), who will not want any of the new wine, (the “Gospel of Christ”). They are satisfied with the Cosmic System and will reject the newness of life that is found in Christ. This is a probable scenario, but I prefer the former interpretation of this parable.

And finally, remember that all of this speaks to our New Nature in Christ. With the New Wine (Christ’s completed work on the Cross, the Gospel message.), we receive a New Wineskin (Regeneration of our Human Spirit, being born again in our new spiritual life.), in order to store more of the New Wine (the Word of God). With the New Wine and New Wineskin, we are to live a new spiritual life unto Christ.

Phil 1:21, “For to me, living is Christ and Dying is profit.”

So, in Mat 9:17, Mark 2:22, and Luke 5:37-39, we have the parable of the New Wine and Wineskin that tells us of our New Life in Christ based on the Gospel message. In that new life, we are preserved by the Word and Spirit for both time and eternity. Now that we have that new life, we must live in it and not go back to the old life where we were led exclusively by our Sin Nature.

  • Another parable our Lord spoke utilizing “wine” is found in Mat 21:33-46 and Mark 12:1-12. Here we see a Vine-grower, slaves, a son, and the return of the owner (Kinsmen Redeemer).

Mat 21:33-34, “Listen to another parable. There was a landowner (God the Father) who PLANTED A VINEYARD (Israel/Jerusalem) AND PUT A WALL AROUND IT (Holy Spirit) AND DUG A WINE PRESS [LENOS] IN IT (the Cross), AND BUILT A TOWER, (Strength / The Word) and rented it out to vine-growers (Man) and went on a journey (the Plan of God). 34When the harvest time approached (Resurrection), he sent his slaves (Prophets) to the vine-growers to receive his produce.”

So, in this parable, we see the rejection of the Messiah along with the consequences of that rejection. Literally, in 70 AD, Israel and Jerusalem where destroyed due to their rejection of the Christ. At the end of the Tribulation, the Kinsman Redeemer, Jesus Christ will come to reclaim the land and people. We also see in this parable the promise to those who believe. They will be the ones who inherit the blessings of God. In addition, new nations will take the place of Israel as client nations unto God until His return.

  • Our next passage with “wine” in it refers to the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. Upon arriving at Golgotha and after the judgment for our sins, Jesus was given wine. Mat 27:34, 48 (sour); Mark 15:23, 36 (sour); Luke 23:36 (sour); John 19:29-30 (sour).

Here we are given two accounts of Jesus being given wine. The first in Mat 27:34 and Mark 15:23 which say, He was given wine mixed with gall or myrrh. “Gall” (CHOLE) is a bitter herb and is a generic term for myrrh, which is specifically cited in Mark 15:23 (SMURNIZO = mixed with myrrh). This mixture is thought to have been some form of medicine or drug to ease the pain. Jesus Christ refused this mixture. There is our lesson. We should never mix the wine of God with the spices of the World. To live unto Christ, we cannot mix God’s ways with the world’s way. As Christ did, we too must reject the influences of the Cosmic System.

The second account simply states, He was given sour wine (OXUS). It is unlikely that there were two different drinks, but it is possible. Again we see not a prefect sweet wine from God, but a wine that has gone bad. Christ had just received the Judgment for our sins, and the best that the world could offer Him as refreshment was bad, rotten, sour wine. That’s also the best the world can offer you.

So in these analogies we see that we can receive the perfect Wine of God or the sour wine of the World. The choice is yours.

  • Then in Luke 7:33-35, hypocrisy is shown using wine. In this account, the Pharisees would accuse anyone that didn’t honor them regardless of whether they held to their standards or not. Satan, their father is the same. He will accuse all the brethren regardless of their actions, Rev 12:10. The Cosmic System is nothing but a complete hypocrisy.

Prov 4:17, “For they eat the bread of wickedness and drink the wine of violence.”

Summary:

  • There are consequences for rejecting the Wine of God and blessings for accepting it.
  • We must choose God’s way vs. the World’s way (Satan’s Cosmic System).
  • The World offers only sour wine (rottenness and decay).
  • Hypocrisy is found in the World.
  • Wine related to the Grace of God.

Throughout scripture, “wine” is used to tell us of the Grace of God. This is seen especially in the analogy of the Communion Cup, representing the Blood of Christ that was shed for the forgiveness of our sins.

John 19:30, “Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And He bowed His head and gave up His spirit.”

Making salvation possible for mankind through our Lord’s substitutionary spiritual death on the cross is the greatest act of grace.

In our two previous analogies of “wine,” we saw what man has to offer: decay and hypocrisy. But in our next analogies, just as in our earlier analogies, we see what God has to offer: His Grace.

Let’s begin with the wedding at Cana, John 2:1-10; 4:46. This was the first miracle our Lord preformed and the beginning of His witness of the Glory of God (The revealed Righteousness and Justice of God). The glory of God, or revelation of His righteousness and justice, makes it possible for the Grace of God to be given to man.

When Jesus turned the water into wine, He demonstrated the principle of saving the best for last.

Here He was not only demonstrating or revealing God’s grace in sending us His son, but He was also emphasizing the coming of the Age of Grace, after the Age of the Law. This is seen in John 1:17, which preceded this miracle.

John 1:17, “The law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.”

In John 2:7, we see this picture. Jesus took water-pots that were used, according to the Law, to ceremoniously wash before the Lord and changed the ceremonial water into wine. Here the water that represented the Law was changed into wine, that represented His Substitutionary Spiritual Death with the results of the Grace of God being bestowed on man.

So, too was the Age of the Law changed to an Age of Grace, the time frame in which we live in today.

Definition of Grace

  • Grace is all that God is free to do for mankind without compromising His Divine Essence. Grace means favor, kindness, and mercy.
  • Grace is free, unmerited favor and love from God alone, not from our works or because we are attractive to God.
  • Grace means that all things from God, including salvation by grace through faith, are received from God as a free gift totally apart from any form of human merit or any system of human works. They are never merited or earned by mankind. They never compromise Divine Essence or Divine Effort in bestowing blessing on mankind, John 1:12.
  • Grace is the manifestation of God’s holiness, power, virtue, efficacy, mercy, compassion, indulgence, forbearance, pardon. It is unmerited favor based on the exclusive work of God.
  • Grace includes all categories of Divine Blessing from God. Grace is unmerited favor and divine provision for mankind before, during, and after salvation.

So, God’s grace is freely bestowed on us, and with that grace we have freedom to operate and function in the spiritual life.

Yet having the grace of God also brings with it tremendous responsibilities; not responsibilities to ensure we receive or maintain the Grace of God, grace is unmerited favor, but responsibilities in honoring the freedoms and grace God has given us.

Luke 4:12b, “From everyone who has been given much (Salvation Grace) much will be required; and to whom they entrusted much, of him they will ask all the more.”

These principles are further seen in scripture using “wine” analogies.

Rom 14:21-23, “It is good not to eat meat or to drink wine, or to do anything by which your brother stumbles. 22The faith which you have, have as your own conviction before God. Happy is he who does not condemn himself in what he approves. 23But he who doubts is condemned if he eats, because his eating is not from faith; and whatever is not from faith is sin.”

So, we see in this scripture that we have the responsibility of looking out for our brothers and sisters and not engage in any actions that have the potential for causing them to sin or even doubt the Word of God. I call this “Operation Stumbling Block Avoidance,” (OSBA).

With Grace, we have Freedom. With Freedom, we have Responsibilities.

1 Cor 6:12-13, “All things are lawful for me, but not all things are profitable. All things are lawful for me, but I will not be mastered by anything. 13Food is for the stomach and the stomach is for food, but God will do away with both of them. Yet the body is not for immorality, but for the Lord, and the Lord is for the body.”

1 Cor 10:23-24, “All things are lawful, but not all things are profitable. All things are lawful, but not all things edify. 24Let no one seek his own good, but that of his neighbor.

So, with the Grace given to us, we have the responsibility to use that freedom judiciously in ways that bring others to salvation and build up those already saved. To do this, God’s grace was poured out onto us by giving us the Holy Spirit. Again, “wine” is connected with this Grace process.

On the Day of Pentecost, at the first receiving of the Indwelling of God the Holy Spirit, the disciples where mocked and said to be full of sweet wine. Oh how right they were!!

Acts 2:13, “But others were mocking and saying, “They are full of sweet wine.” (GLEUKOS)

That day began the Church Age or the Age of Grace. God’s plan for man now changed from the water of the Law to the wine of Grace. From that point until the rapture of the church, God gives the permanent indwelling of the Holy Spirit so that we can execute His plan for our lives like never before. We now have the tremendous power of His Word and Spirit given to us in Grace, and with that power we have the responsibility to build up one another in the knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.

God desires that we treat our responsibilities with honor and integrity and that we do not abuse our freedoms. That’s why He again uses a “wine” analogy to bring the point home in Eph 5:18.

In this passage, He is pointing out the worldly aspects of “wine” that if over indulged in leads us to sin.

Eph 5:18, “And do not get drunk with wine, for that is dissipation, but be filled with the Spirit.”

We should not abuse our freedoms and get involve in excessiveness that leads to sin, but instead, take personal responsibility for our actions and be moderate in what we do.

Prov 23:29-35 and Eccl 10:19 point out the abusive excessive side of drinking wine. (“Wine” = MESEK = “Strong wine”).

Eccl 10:19, “Men prepare a meal for enjoyment, and wine makes life merry, and money is the answer to everything.”

Excessive drinking leads to: Emotional Problems (woe – sorrow); Social Problems (contention – complaining); Physical Problems (wounds – red eyes); Mental Problems (Vs. 33).

So, in the worldly analogy of “wine” it leads to emotional, social, physical, and mental problems. In our Third Seal, the wine is not to be harmed. Therefore, God is allowing the worldly to continue in their blind arrogant stupor, which leads to all kinds of fleshly problems, if they choose to do so.

In addition, avoidance of excessive drinking is to be used in the selection of church leaders, excessiveness is forbidden.

“….not addicted to wine…” 1 Tim 3:3-8; Titus 1:7 (PAROINOS) – “given to wine, addicted, drunken.”

Yet the drinking of wine is not forbidden.

1 Tim 5:23, “No longer drink water exclusively, but use a little wine for the sake of your stomach and your frequent ailments.”

In conclusion, “wine” tells us of God’s grace and of our responsibilities as having received His grace. We are to avoid entering into sin so that we guard and honor the grace freedoms in our souls and maintain the filling of the Holy Spirit. Yet if we falter, the grace of God is available to regain the filling of the Spirit and fellowship with Christ according to 1 John 1:9. Likewise, in brotherly love, we need to be aware of those around us who are ignorant of God’s grace, unbelievers and immature believers, and abstain from things we are free to do that would cause them to stumble or sin.

1 Cor 10:23 All things are lawful, but not all things are profitable. All things are lawful, but not all things edify. 24Let no one seek his own good, but that of his neighbor.

Wine Tells Us of Separation

Continuing our study of “wine” related to drinking as found in the Bible, we come across a fifth principle; Wine Related to Separation.

As we saw in our last section, drunkenness is condemned in both the Old and New Testament. While total abstinence is not mandated as a universal principle of doctrine, certain persons are commanded by scripture to avoid alcoholic beverage in the Old Testament. In each case, we see a similar picture related to the abstinence of wine.

  • Levitical priests who were set apart to the Lord for service in the temple, Lev 10:9; Ezek 44:21.
  • The Rechabites who set themselves apart from the rest of Israel, in protest of Canaanite corruption at the instruction of Jonadab the son of Rechad, Jer 35:1-19.
  • Daniel and his friends abstained from wine to set themselves apart to the sovereign King, the Lord. The Lord gave favor to them and set them apart from all the others in their company, Dan 1:8-16.
  • The Nazirites who set themselves apart to the Lord for some kind of service. In memorial to this, it became a consecration known as the Nazirite vow, Num 6:1-21.

This could have been a vow for life or a temporary vow. Examples include:

  • Lifelong vows:

i.) Samson, Judges 13:1-25; 16:17,
ii.) Samuel, 1 Sam. 1
iii.) John the Baptist, Luke 1:15

  • Temporary vows:

i.) Any Old Testament saint, Numb 6:1-21
ii.) Paul took the Nazirite vow for a specific period of time, Acts 18:18; 21:22-26.

Amos 2:12 shows a concern for protecting the status of the Nazirite.

Amos 2:11-12, “Then I raised up some of your sons to be prophets and some of your young men to be Nazirites. Is this not so, O sons of Israel?” declares the LORD. 12But you made the Nazirites drink wine, and you commanded the prophets saying, ‘You shall not prophesy!’”

The Hebrew term NAZIRITE (Naz’ uh rite) means, “consecration, devotion, and separation.”

“The Nazirite’s outward signs included the growth of hair, (a covering, protection and submission to authority) abstention from wine and other alcoholic products, the avoidance of contact with the dead—are illustrative of devotion to God. Violation of these signs resulted in defilement and the need for purification so the vow could be completed. Parallels exist between the regulations for purity of the high priest and the Nazirite.” Holman Bible Dictionary

“The Nazirite was “holy to the Lord” (Num 6:8). Abstinence from the fruit of the vine was meant not merely to secure the sobriety that is necessary to qualify one for the service of the Lord but to serve as a symbol of the renunciation of those weaknesses of the flesh that tend to endanger a man’s sanctification. “The position of the Nazirite, as Philo, Maimonides, and others clearly saw, was a condition of life consecrated to the Lord, resembling the sanctified relation in which the priests stood to Jehovah, and differing from the priesthood solely in the fact that it involved no official service at the sanctuary and was not based upon a divine calling and institution, but was undertaken spontaneously for a certain time and through a special vow.” Unger’s Bible Dictionary

As with all categories of doctrine, they are founded in Christ, as is this one. “Wine” speaks to the Spiritual Death of our Lord upon the Cross, when every sin of the human race was judiciously imputed to Jesus Christ and Judged. The penalty for those sins was Spiritual Separation. Christ suffered Spiritual Separation from God the Father so that we could be separated from the sin nature and have eternal life. Based on Christ’s work that led to His separation, we receive separation from the unbelieving world and are eternally joined to Christ. This is also called being Sanctified.

1 Cor 1:2, “To the church of God which is at Corinth, to those who have been sanctified in Christ Jesus, saints by calling, with all who in every place call on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, their Lord and ours.”

1 Cor 6:11, “Such were some of you; but you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God. (Notice the washing tie-in, which harkens back to our study of Christ turning water into wine.)

In the commissioning of Paul, Jesus said in Acts 26:18, “to open their eyes so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the dominion of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who have been sanctified by faith in Me.’

“Sanctification” (HAGIAZO) simply means, “to be set apart and made holy, because you are justified.” The term means, “to be set apart to God for a special purpose.” We, the Royal Family of God, are set apart to God in three ways, from salvation to the eternal state; Positionally, Experientially, and Ultimately.

Positional Sanctification – Stage1, Salvation through faith in Christ, at which point the Baptism of the Spirit enters every believer into union with the person of Jesus Christ. “In Christ” is the technical term for Positional Sanctification, in that we are set apart forever as the Royal Family of God.

  • Positional Sanctification means, “We have been freed from the slave market of sin and placed in union with Christ at the moment of our salvation, where we have been given eternal life.”
  • Positional Sanctification means, “You have eternal security; there is no way you can ever get out of your relationship with God. We are a new creation in Christ and have been given a heavenly position, which no one can take away.” 2 Cor 5:17; John 10:28-30; Eph 2:12-13; Phil 3:20

Heb 10:9, 10, 14, “Then He said, “BEHOLD, I (Jesus Christ) HAVE COME TO DO YOUR (God the Father’s) WILL… 10By means of this will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all (on the cross)… 14For by one offering He has perfected for all time those who are sanctified.”

Ultimate Sanctification – Stage 3, The date of your destiny, when you leave this world and are translated to heaven.

  • Ultimate sanctification means, “You have gone home to be face-to-face with the Lord and are fully realizing all that God has given to you.”
  • Ultimate sanctification is the believer in his resurrection body in the eternal state.

Rom 8:38-39, “ For I am convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, 39 nor height, nor depth, nor any other created thing, will be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.”

Rom 8:1, “There is therefore now no condemnation to them who are in Christ Jesus.”

Then we have the third type of Sanctification which ties into our understanding of the Nazirite.

Experiential Sanctification – Stage 2, The function of the spiritual life after salvation. The function of the spiritual life depends on the three spiritual skills: the filling of the Holy Spirit, the metabolization of Bible doctrine, and the utilization of the Ten Problem Solving Devices. This produces experiential or spiritual righteousness. This is your residence, function, and momentum inside the operational type power system that God has designed for the Church Age believer. Our spiritual righteousness is capacity for Divine Blessing in time. As our spiritual righteousness increases, our capacity increases, and therefore our blessing in time from God increases. When we execute the Plan of God by reaching spiritual maturity, then we have the conveyance of our escrow blessings for time, because we have the capacity to enjoy them from our spiritual righteousness.

“Experiential Sanctification” is referred to by the Greek word EUSEBEIA, translated “spiritual life (not godliness).”

1 Tim 4:7-8, “But have nothing to do with worldly fables fit only for old women. On the other hand, discipline yourself for the purpose of living the spiritual life; 8for bodily discipline is only of little profit, but living the spiritual life is profitable for all things, since it holds promise for the present life and also for the life to come.”

The Nazirite vow was a picture of someone setting themselves apart for the work and service of our Lord and a type of Experiential Sanctification for the Church Age believer. The Nazirite abstained from wine, cutting the hair, and dead people. We are to abstain from sinning and remain inside the Divine Power System of God, the filling of the Holy Spirit and the application of the Bible Doctrine in our souls.

We are set apart positionally through faith in Christ, and will ultimately realize our position when we go to heaven. That is assured. But we must endeavor to apply the grace of God in our lives and choose to remain in Experiential Sanctification by taking every thought captive, so that we bring maximum glory to God.

2 Cor 10:3-5, “For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war according to the flesh, 4for the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh, but divinely powerful for the destruction of fortresses. 5We are destroying speculations and every lofty thing raised up against the knowledge of God, and we are taking every thought captive to the obedience of Christ.”

Summary of Wine

As we have seen, the oil and wine of Rev 6:6 represent the wealth and riches of worldly living. In other words, it represents being caught up in Satan’s Cosmic System. God allows these two products to go unharmed, as He is allowing the arrogant cosmic unbeliever to continue in their blind delusion, if they so choose too, of worldliness for salvation.

1 Cor 10:21, “You cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons; you cannot partake of the table of the Lord and the table of demons.”

The oil and wine are combined in an indirect judgment from God, allowing the continuation of a deluding spirit for those who desire worldliness and reject God’s grace plan. 2 Thes 2:6-12.

Mat 15:14, “Let them alone; they are blind guides of the blind. And if a blind man guides a blind man, both will fall into a pit.”

Ultimately, Satan is the author of the deceitful doctrines. He is the deluding spirit that leads men to wander in error.

2 Cor 4:3-4, “And even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing, 4in whose case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelieving so that they might not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.

Pastor RB Thieme Jr. states regarding Satan as the spirit of delusion:

“As the leader of all fallen angels and as the ruler of planet earth, Satan has been able to compile a cosmic system which is a mass of thoughts, opinions, speculations, systems of false doctrines, panaceas, plans, systems of all categories for deceit, policies, and objectives by which Satan seeks to control the world which he rules.”

Old Testament Principles of Wine

  • Noah, Gen 9:21-24.

Nakedness represents the knowledge of sin; see also the Garden of Eden.

Instead of covering sin, Ham exposes sin to his brothers.

The first usage of wine speaks of an act of sin, where on the one hand, someone maliciously exposes sin, which is a further sin, and on the other hand, someone covers sin. Both have resulting consequences, discipline versus blessing, the bitter-sweet of God.

So, Satan exposes sin while Christ covers it.

  • The King / Priest Melchizedek, Gen 14:18.

Here we see the blessing of Christ who is without beginning and without end, as the King-Priest who shares with us His bread (body) and wine (blood) for our eternal salvation.

  • Lot’s Daughters, Gen 19:33-35.

They conspired to continue their father’s name by getting him drunk with wine and getting impregnated by him. This is the bitter worldly aspect of wine. It shows the sin of the worldly ways to accomplish your wants and desires, as opposed to waiting on the timing of the Lord.

  • Isaac’s Blessing to Jacob, Gen 27:25-37.

Jacob received the sweetness of God (Blessings) because of his belief, while Esau had bitterness (Divine Punitive Judgment) in unbelief.

Jacob blesses Judah, Gen 49:9-12. This is an emphasis on abundant blessings from God. The Tribe of Judah bore the Messiah and were the last bastions of God of all the Tribes.

  • Consecration of the Priests, Ex 29:39-44.

Setting apart of the believer for the work and service of the Lord. This is a picture of Positional Sanctification.

  • The Command to the Priests Not to Get Drunk Prior to Service for the Lord, Lev 10:9.

Eph 5:18, “And do not get drunk with wine, for that is dissipation, but be filled with the Spirit.”

This is a picture of Experiential Sanctification.

  • The Feast of First Fruits, Lev 23:13.

Speaking of the resurrection of our Lord which provides for our resurrection.

This is a picture of Ultimate Sanctification.

In the Old Testament, wine represents; Sin, Covering of Sin, God’s Provision for Sin, Blessings, and Resurrection.

New Testament Principles of Wine

Wine represents God’s provisions for our fellowship with Him.

  • The Blood of Christ, Mat 26:27-28; Mark 14:22-25; Luke 22:15-20; 1 Cor 11:23-26.

This represents God’s plan and work for our salvation, freedom from the slave market of sin, and His provisions for our fellowship with Him through confession of sin, 1 John 1:9, 1 Cor 11:27-32.

  • New Wine and Wineskins, Mat 9:17; Mark 2:22; Luke 5:37-39.

This tells us of our New Spiritual Life, and the need for being a new creature/creation, a new spiritual species, as a result of our regenerated human spirit. We are born again and a temple for God, 1 Cor 3:16; 2 Cor 5:17; Gal 6:15.

a) In our newness, we are preserved in time and for eternity, Mat 9:17.

b) Without our newness, we would be lost, Mark 2:22.

c) The New Nature is superior to the Old Nature, and we should not want to return to the Old. But those caught up in the Old Sin Nature and the Cosmic System will say “this is good enough” or “I am good enough for God,” and will reject His Plan for Salvation and the New Nature, Luke 5:37-39.

  • Landowner Parable, Mat 21:33-46; Mark 12:1-12.

Here we see the rejection of the Messiah, the consequences of rejection, and the promise of blessings for the believer.

  • Mixed Wine at Our Lord’s Crucifixion, Mat 27:34, 48 (sour); Mark 15:23, 36 (sour); Luke 23:36 (sour); John 19:29-30 (sour).

a) We should never mix the wine of God with the spices of the World. To live unto Christ, we cannot mix God’s ways with the world’s way. As Christ did, we too must reject the influences of the Cosmic System. We must choose between God’s way and the Cosmic way.

b) The best the world has to offer is rottenness and decay.

  • Judgmental Pharisees, Luke 7:33-35.

Religion is a judgmental hypocrisy.

  • Drinking of Wine Analogies Tell of the Grace of God.

a) The wedding at Cana, John 2:1-10; 4:46.

Emphasizing Christ’s work of purification through the washing of regeneration (water) by shedding His blood on the cross (wine).

It also shows the change over from the Age of the Law (the Jewish Dispensation) depicted in the (water), to the Age of Grace (the Church Age Dispensation) depicted in the (wine).

b) With Grace we have Freedom. With Freedom we have Responsibilities, Rom 14:21-23.

With the Grace given to us, we have the responsibility to use that freedom judiciously, in ways that bring others to salvation and build up those already saved.

c) Grace was manifested in the giving of the Holy Spirit, Acts 2:13.

d) Do not abuse your freedoms in the overindulgence of wine that leads to sin, instead remain filled with the Spirit, Eph 5:18.

e) Pastors and deacons are not to be addicted to wine, 1 Tim 3:3-8; Titus 1:7.

f) Drinking of wine is not prohibited but drunkenness is, 1 Tim 5:23, W/ Rom 13:13; Gal 5:21; 1 Peter 4:3.

  • Wine Speaks of Separation / Sanctification.

(In order of appearance in Scripture).

a) Levitical priests who were set apart to the Lord for service in the temple, Lev 10:9; Ezek 44:21.

b) The Nazirites who set themselves apart to the Lord for service outside of the temple. In memorial to this, it became a consecration known as the Nazirite vow, Num 6:1-21; Amos 2:11-12; Acts 18:18; 21:22-26.

c) The Rechabites who set themselves apart from the rest of Israel in protest of Canaanite corruption at the instruction of Jonadab the son of Rechad, Jer 35:1-19.

d) Daniel and his friends abstained from wine, to set themselves apart to the sovereign King, the Lord. The Lord gave favor to them, and set them apart from all the others in their company, Dan 1:8-16.

So, within our Old and New Testament studies of “wine,” we see the Grace of God. We see it in the covering of our sins, in the provisions for blessing and discipline, and in the giving of His Son. We also see that with God’s sanctifying grace, we are to honor Him with our body, soul, and spirit. We are to live unto Christ and bring glory to Him by appropriating and using His grace, and rejecting the temptations of sin from our Sin Nature and the Cosmic System. We are to walk in the light of Christ, being filled with the Holy Spirit.

1 John 1:7, “But if we walk in the Light as He Himself is in the Light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus His Son cleanses us from all sin.

Our last phrase of the 3rd Seal Judgment is, “do not harm,” which is made up from the Greek words, μ δικήσς – ME ADIKESES.

ME is a Negative Particle and means, “not, that not, lest or lest not, cannot.” It is one of two forms of negatives in the Greek, OU or OUK being the other. Of the two negatives, OU is typically the stronger.

A.T. Robertson (A Grammar of the Greek N.T., pg. 1167) says, “ME is the unsteady particle, a hesitating negative, an indirect or subjective denial, or an effort to prevent (prohibit) what has not yet happened.” The latter definition is related to our text.

In comparison of the two negatives Robertson also says, “OU denies the fact, ME denies the idea.”

In the same vein, Moulton (Vocabulary of the Greek N.T., pg. 407) says, “OU is objective, dealing only with fact, while ME is subjective, involving will and thought.”

So, ME is a Primary Particle of qualified negation or prohibition.

Then we have the second word, ADIKESES, which is the verb in the Aorist Tense, Active Voice, Subjunctive Mood, Second Person, Singular of ADIKEO – δικέω.

The verb ADIKEO is from the root noun ADIKOS, which means, “unjust, unrighteous, wicked, or treacherous.”

ADIKOS is made up of two Greek words, “A” and “DIKE.

A” is the negative prefix in Greek and “DIKE” means, “right (as self-evident), justice (the principle, a decision or its execution).”

Thayer defines DIKE as used in scripture:

1) Custom, usage; 2) right, just; 3) a suit at law; 4) a judicial hearing, judicial decision, especially sentence of condemnation; 5) execution of a sentence, punishment; 5a) to suffer punishment; 6) the goddess Justice, avenging justice.

So ADIKEO means, “to act wickedly, be an offender, be unjust, (actively) do wrong (morally, socially, or physically), hurt, injure, damage, harm.” It is in the sense of harming something inanimate.

Joined with the negative ME, we have a double negative per se that we could say is translated as, “do not, not act justly” or “do not effect judgment towards.”

So, an overt Judgment could justly be brought on these products, just as it will be towards grain, but Jesus Christ is holding back that judgment until a later time, the 1st Trumpet of the Seven Trumpet Judgments, Rev 8:1-7. This instead is an indirect judgment, as we have seen.

ADIKEO is identically used in Rev 7:3, except in the plural, as the angels given authority to harm the earth where commanded to halt their actions, until the Sealing of the 144,000 Jews. In that Scripture, the commanding angel is speaking to all four, “harming angels”, (who may be the Four Living Creatures or the Four Horse Riders?); whereas, in the 3rd Seal, Jesus Christ is commanding prohibitive action to one of the Horse Riders.

Rev 7:3, “Saying, ‘Do not harm the earth or the sea or the trees until we have sealed the bond-servants of our God on their foreheads.”

It is used in the Aorist, Passive, Subjunctive, Third Person, Singular in Rev 2:11.

Rev 2:11, “He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. He who overcomes will not be hurt by the second death.”

This corresponds to Rom 8:1, “Therefore there is now no condemnation (Judgment) for those who are in Christ Jesus.”

Later on in Revelation 9:4, it is used as a Future, Active, Indicative – Limiting the fallen angels’ attack of the earth. This is the 5th Trumpet Judgment, where ME ADIKEO is in the Future, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Plural, meaning, “do not execute judgment towards.”

Rev 9:4, They were told not to hurt the grass of the earth, nor any green thing, nor any tree, but only the men who do not have the Seal of God on their foreheads.

Back in our text of Rev 6:6.

This verb grammatically is in the Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, Second Person, Singular.

ADIKEO is in the Aorist Tense as an Ingressive Aorist – Meaning the focus is on the beginning of the action. In this case with the negative ME, the sense is to “not begin” the action.

The Subjunctive is a Prohibitive Subjunctive, which means to stop doing something or to not begin doing something. Because this is linked with the Ingressive Aorist, we know that the action has not yet begun. Therefore, we can say this is a future action that Christ prohibits from occurring.

The Subjunctive also indicates this is an appeal to the volition. It is an appeal to the volition of the Horse Rider to not harm the “Oil or Wine,” as also indicated by the Active Voice.

The Active Voice says, the Horse Rider is the one producing the action of the verb, or in this case, NOT producing the action.

Finally, when the grammatical form of the Aorist – Subjunctive is used with the Negative ME as a prohibition, it takes on the contextual form of the Aorist – Imperative, where the Imperative indicates an exhortation or command.

This means it is a command from Jesus to, “not begin doing something.”

So, contextually the form is in the Aorist, Active, Imperative, Second Person, Singular, because this is a command from Christ to the 3rd Black Horse Rider. As with all commands, the recipient must use his or her volition to adhere to the command or not.

In the 3rd Seal, the Horse Rider wisely yields to the command of the Lord and does not execute a damaging Judgment against the arrogant, wealthy by harming the Oil or the Wine. He leaves them alone and allows the Indirect Judgment of God to go forth.

God allows the arrogant, wealthy to continue in their delusional state, by means of their own free will. They would rather seek their physical and spiritual sustenance (salvation) through Satan’s Cosmic System than through the Lord Jesus Christ.

We will translate ME ADIKESES as, “do not bring a damaging judgment against.”

Our Completed Translation of Rev 6:5-6 is:

Rev 6:5, Kai hote enoixen ten sphragida ten triten ekousa tou tritou zoou legontos, Erchou. Kai eidon, kai idou hippos melas, kai ho kathemenos ep auton echon zogon en te keiri autou.

Rev 6:6, Kai ekousa hos phonen en meso ton tessaron zoon legousan, Choinix sitou denariou kai treis choinikes krithon denariou, kai to elaion kai ton oinon me adikeses

Rev 6:5, “And when He (Jesus Christ) opened up the Third Seal, I comprehended by listening through the ear gate to the Third Living Creature saying, ‘you come forth’. And then, I perceived through the eye gate, and I beheld a black horse; and he who was sitting upon it was holding the yoke of God’s justice in his hand.”

Rev 6:6, “And then I comprehended by listening through the ear gate in the same manner (as before) a voice in The Center (of God’s throne), around which are the four Living Creatures saying, ‘A quart containing wheat for a denarius (one day’s wage) and three quarts containing barely for a denarius; and do not bring a damaging judgment against the oil and the wine.”

Summary of Third Seal

Warren Wiersbe, “Famine and war often go together; see Matt. 24:7. The color black makes one think of famine; see Jer. 14:1-2 and Lam. 5:10. The rider (still Antichrist according to Wiersbe) holds a pair of balances, indicating that his government has established control of food. A measure of wheat was about a quart; and a penny was a day’s wages for a worker. In other words, food will be so scarce it will take a person all day to earn enough wages for just a quart of grain! But note that there is no scarcity of oil and wine for the rich. The rich get richer and enjoy their luxuries, while the poor get poorer and can hardly get enough to eat. This indicates that all man-made schemes to give people even the necessities of life will fail. It is worth noting that grain, oil, and wine were the key products of Israel (Hosea 2:8). Since Antichrist has made his covenant with Israel, he would want to protect its resources.” (Brackets mine.)

The Bible Knowledge Commentary, “Famine is the inevitable aftermath of war (the Second Seal). This will be a major cause of death in the Great Tribulation. The black color of the horse speaks of famine and death.” (Brackets mine.)

Barnhouse has an interesting comment from his own experience on the scarcity of bread vs. luxury maintained. Donald Grey Barnhouse, Revelation, An Expository Commentary, Zondervan: Grand Rapids, 1971, pg. 127-128.

“Just after World War I, I spent a few days in Vienna at the time when misery was very great.…There was a shortage of coal, and the police had ordered everyone off the streets by nine o’clock. The city was filled with wealthy refugees from Russia and other countries. Walking along the boulevard one afternoon as the crowds were coming out of the opera which began early to conform with the curfew regulations, I saw men with bare feet in the snow, their skeletons covered with rags, their ribs seen through the holes in the cloths with which they attempted to cover their bodies. From time to time there was blood on the snow from their feet. Out of the opera came men escorting women with fortunes in jewels upon them. Never have I seen more wonderful displays in any of the capitals of the earth. The beggars blocked the way to the fine limousines that came for the rich. I saw the men striking the beggars with their canes to clear the way for the women. Poor girls not clad in the gaudy finery of prostitutes, but with poor clothing and in wooden shoes, clattered about clutching at the passerby and offering to sell themselves for a coin which at that moment could be purchased for one five hundredth part of a dollar. Mark well, there was no famine in Vienna. There was scarcity in the midst of plenty, but there was no hurt to the luxuries. The picture here is scarcity in the midst of plenty. This will be accentuated in the times of the Antichrist, especially in the last half of the Tribulation via his buying and selling policies.”

Literal Application:

Jesus Christ, the Kinsman Redeemer, opens the 3rd Seal of the Seven Seal Scroll. At that time, the Man-Faced Living Creature calls forward the Black Horse Rider, who has the Yoke of God’s Justice in his hands. Then Jesus Christ, from His throne in God’s Throne Room that is surrounded by the Four Living Creatures, commands the Black Horse Rider to execute a famine towards the grain products of wheat and barley. In this famine, it will take a day’s wage to purchase one meal of wheat or three meals of barley. Jesus also commands that the oil and wine be left unharmed by the Black Horse Rider. So, there will be a severe famine followed by high inflation and depression throughout the world, yet it won’t be utterly devastating, as some of the crops will be spared.

Spiritual Application:

Jesus Christ has the authority to open the scroll and execute its instructions based on His work upon the Cross, Rev 5:1-7. The forthwith Judgments are intended to wake up the spiritually dead unbelievers to the fact that Jesus Christ is the Savior. In the 3rd Seal, Christ passes a command to the elect Living Creatures, who in turn commands the Black Horse Rider to come forth and prepare to execute a Judgment. The article held by the Black Horse Rider, a pair of scales, indicates that the Justice of God is about to be revealed. It also indicates the overall meaning of this Seal, that the world rejected the just plan of God for salvation through His Son Jesus Christ. This is seen in the next images of this Seal.

Wheat and Barley

  • The wheat and barley represent Jesus Christ as the Bread of Life, who is man’s spiritual sustenance. Unbelieving man has rejected the Bread of Life therefore in judgment God will make scarce their worldly sustenance in the hopes of bringing them to salvation. People are more likely to respond to Christ in adverse situations versus prosperous ones.
  • The wheat and barley represent Jews and Gentiles respectfully speaking to the fact that Jesus Christ is spiritual sustenance for all. We all have the opportunity to be members of the body of Christ.
  • The wheat and barley further speak of the harvest (resurrection) of the family of God as related in the Feasts of Israel.

1) Barley – Feast of First Fruits (Jesus and Gentiles),
2) Wheat – Pentecost, Feast of Ingathering (Jews).

  • There will be a scarcity of the Word of God preached in that day. It will be difficult and costly (more than money) to receive the Word compared to Pre-Tribulation times. All of these images speak to God’s Grace Plan for our salvation.

Oil and Wine Not Harmed

  • Oil further represents the Word of God, but more specifically, it represents God the Holy Spirit. So, the ministry of the Holy Spirit to bring salvation will remain, and that ministry is based on the Word of God, the Gospel message, being received and believed.
  • Wine represents the Blood of Christ and His sacrificial work on the Cross – being judged for our sins.
  • Wine also speaks of the believer’s sanctification. Being set apart and made holy at the point of salvation.
  • Oil and Wine represent the wealth of a nation’s commerce, and therefore represent the arrogant, wealthy of Satan’s Cosmic System who reject Jesus Christ.
  • God allows the arrogant wealthy to continue in their delusional state, by means of their own free will. They would rather seek their physical and spiritual sustenance (salvation) through Satan’s Cosmic System than through the Lord Jesus Christ.
  • Overall, Oil and Wine represent God’s Grace Plan for salvation that is either accepted or rejected by man.

So, the Word of God and the Ministry of the Holy Spirit for Salvation, based on Christ’s Spiritual Sacrifice under God’s Grace Plan of Sanctification, remain as they have throughout human history. The Word won’t be as prolific as it is today, but it can be found, although it will be costly, even unto death. Yet, the way and opportunity for salvation will be unchanged, receiving the Gospel of Christ’s sacrifice for the forgiveness of your sins.

Third Seal Quiz
Rev 6:5-6

1) Who is receiving this vision of the Seal Judgments?

a) Paul
b) John
c) Daniel
d) Peter

2) Who is worthy to open these seals?

a) God the Father
b) God the Son
c) God the Holy Spirit
d) The Humanity of Jesus Christ

3) Why does God bring these judgments?

a) To reveal Jesus Christ
b) To redeem the world
c) Because of the world’s rejection of Christ
d) All of the above

4) What is the reason for the 1st Seal Judgment?

a) Expose Satan’s evil plan
b) The rejection of the authority of Christ
c) Bring peace to Israel
d) To drive your Pastor crazy

5) What is the reason for the 2nd Seal Judgment?

a) The rejection of everlasting peace found in Christ
b) The rejection of the authority of Christ
c) The rejection of the Bread of Life
d) To cause your Pastor to grow gray hairs

6) What is the reason for the 3rd Seal Judgment?

a) Bring peace to Israel
b) The rejection of the authority of Christ
c) The rejection of the Bread of Life
d) To make your Pastor hungry

7) Three is a prominent number in the Third Seal. What does the number three represent in scripture?

a) Ordinal perfection
b) Divine perfection
c) Spiritual perfection
d) The number of kids your Pastor has

8) What kind of face did the Third Living Creature have? Rev 4:7

a) Eagle
b) Ox
c) Lion
d) Man

9) Which Tribe of Israel is represented in the Third Living Creature?

a) Dan
b) Ephraim
c) Reuben
d) Judah

10) The third tribesman name means Behold a Son. What are the two types of Christ’s Sonship, and which one is emphasized here? How do we know this?

a) Son of David, Son of Joseph
b) Son of God, Son of Man
c) Son of Mary, Son of David
d) Son of a gun

11) What does the color Black of the Horse Rider represent?

a) Profits
b) Famine
c) Warfare
d) Peace

12) What does the “Pair of Scales” represent?

a) God’s righteousness
b) God’s omniscience
c) The yoke of God’s justice
d) God’s grace

13) In comparing the third mention of Seal in Chapter 5, what does it represent? Rev 5:5

a) Christ’s Authority
b) Christ’s Strength
c) Christ’s Humanity
d) Christ’s Worthiness

14) The seven-fold praise by the angels in Rev 5:12 emphasizes wisdom. What is wisdom?

a) The authority of God
b) Being led by the Word and Spirit
c) The peace of God
d) Knowledge of the cosmic system

15) The four-fold praise of Jesus Christ in Rev 5:13 represents Glory. What is Glory?

a) The coronation of Jesus Christ
b) The revealed righteousness and justice of God
c) Christ’s Second Coming
d) A civil war movie about a black Massachusetts regiment

16) The third message to the seven churches was to Pergamum the worldly church. How was Christ represented to that Church? Rev 2:12-17

a) Holding the seven stars = Power and Authority
b) First and Last, was dead and come to life = Resurrection
c) Son of God with eyes a flame = Judgment
d) The sharp two-edged sword = the Word

17) What is the eternal blessing of Hidden Manna for the overcomers? Rev 2:17

a) The manna hidden in the Ark of the Covenant
b) Our spiritual sustenance
c) Eternal intimacy with Christ
d) Something to eat in heaven

18) On the third day of Creation, God brought the land up out of the sea and created plant life with seeds. What is this a picture of?

a) Rapture of the church and eternal glory
b) Christ’s resurrection and the fruit of His Word.
c) New Life in Christ
d) I have absolutely no idea

19) In the third of the seven trials Jesus faced, He was before the Jewish Council. What was the emphasis of this trial? Luke 22:66-71

a) The Word
b) The Cross
c) The Forgiveness of Sins
d) His Death

20) Jesus’ third saying on the cross was, ‘Woman, behold, your son!’ Then He said to the disciple, ‘Behold, your mother!’ What was Jesus doing here?

a) Establishing Mary as the mother of the church
b) Honoring the Word of God, fulfilling the law
c) Establishing peace in humanity
d) Giving John a lot of grief

21) What is the third of the seven Feasts of Israel?

a) Pentecost
b) First Fruits
c) Unleavened bread
d) Eat at Joe’s

22) What is this Feast’s emphasis?

a) Harvest of the first fruits – Barley
b) Harvest of the Ingathering – Wheat
c) Forgiveness of our sins – Unleavened bread
d) Rapture of the Church – Trumpets

23) What does Wheat and Barely represent about Christ?

a) The Bread of Life
b) His work on the Cross
c) His Lordship
d) All of the above.

24) What does Wheat and Barely represent in this Judgment?

a) God’s indirect judgment towards the rich
b) God’s plan of sanctifying salvation
c) God’s direct judgment for the rejection of the Bread of Life
d) Manna from heaven

25) What does Oil and Wine represent about God?

a) The Holy Spirit
b) The Word of God
c) Christ’s sacrifice
d) All of the above

26) What does Oil and Wine represent in this Judgment?

a) Prosperity of the Cosmic System
b) God’s indirect judgment on the arrogant wealthy
c) A and B
d) None of the above.

Q#: Answers:

1) B: JOHN – REV 1:9-10; 4:1; 5:1, 6; 6:1

2) D: THE HUMANITY OF JESUS CHRIST – REV 5:5-9; 6:5, 6

3) D: ALL OF THE ABOVE – REV 1:1, 7; 5:9

4) B: REJECTION OF CHRIST’S AUTHORITY – REV 2:1, 4

5) A: REJECTION OF PEACE FOUND IN CHRIST – REV 2:11

6) C: REJECTION OF THE BREAD OF LIFE – JOHN 6:35,

7) B: DIVINE PERFECTION – THROUGHOUT SCRIPTURE

8) D: MAN – REV 4:7

9) C: REUBEN – NUM 2:2

10) B: SON OF GOD/SON OF MAN, SON OF MAN, BECAUSE OF THE MAN-FACED
LIVING CREATURE – REV 4:7

11) B: FAMINE – LAM 5:10; NAHUM 2:10

12) C: THE YOKE OF GOD’S JUSTICE – REV 6:5

13) C: CHRIST’S HUMANITY – REV 5:5

14) B: BEING LED BY THE WORD AND SPIRIT – JAMES 3:17; 1 COR 1:24; 1 COR 1:30;
PROV 8:11

15) B: REVEALED RIGHTEOUSNESS AND JUSTICE OF GOD – ROM 5:2; DEUT 5:24

16) D: SHARP TWO EDGED SWORD – REV 2:12

17) C: ETERNAL INTIMACY WITH CHRIST – MAT 4:11; 13:34; JOHN 4:32-38.

18) B: CHRIST’S RESURRECTION AND FRUIT OF HIS WORD – MARK 4:14; LUKE 8:11

19) A: THE WORD – LUKE 22:71

20) B: HONORING THE WORD OF GOD, FULFILLING THE LAW – EX. 20:12

21) B: FIRST FRUITS – LEV 23:9 14.

22) A: HARVEST OF FIRST FRUITS – BARLEY – 1 COR 15:20; JAMES 1:18; ROM 8:23

23) A: THE BREAD OF LIFE – JOHN 6

24) C: GOD’S DIRECT JUDGMENT FOR THE REJECTION OF THE BREAD OF LIFE

25) D: ALL OF THE ABOVE

26) C: A&B – PROSPERITY OF THE COSMIS SYSTEM – GOD’S INDIRECT JUDGMENT ON THE ARROGANT, WEALTHY

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