Revelation 6 ~ Part IV

Study of Revelation 6, Part IV

The Seven Seal Judgments of the Tribulation

Luk 22 pic for part 4 of Rev 6Continuing in the study of Revelation 6

Rev 6:5-6, “When the Lamb opened the third seal, I heard the third living creature say, “Come!” I looked, and there before me was a black horse! Its rider was holding a pair of scales in his hand. 6Then I heard what sounded like a voice among the four living creatures, saying, “Two pounds of wheat for a day’s wages, and six pounds of barley for a day’s wages, and do not damage the oil and the wine!”

Review of the Outline for our Study

Outline for Studying the Third & Fourth  Seal Judgments

I) Numerology helps define this scene.

II) Colors are used in the First Four Seals and have meaning in the Bible.

III) The word “Seal(s)” is mentioned four times in Revelation 5.

How are the references in Chapter 5 related to the 1st four references to “Seal” of Chapter 6?

In Rev. 5:5, the humanity of Christ is worthy to open the scroll because of His sacrifice.

IV) The events of Rev 6 compared to Christ’s Sermon on the Mountain, speaking about end times in Mat 24:3-28; Mark 13; Luke 21:7-19.

V) Each of the Four Living Creatures are represented in the 1st 4-Seals what is their importance?

VI) The Lead Tribes of Israel represented each Living Creature.

VII) How are the Four-Fold Praises for Rev 5:13 related to the Seals in Chapter 5 and 6?

VIII) There is a Seven-Fold Message to the Seven Churches, Rev 2-3.

a) The message about Christ.
b) The encouragement to the Church.
c) The problem with the Church.
d) The promise of blessings.

IX) There was a Seven-Fold Praise by the angels in Rev 5:12.

X) The Seven Days of Creation tell us something about the Seven Seal Judgments.

XI) The Seven Results of the Baptism of the Spirit related to the Seven Seal Judgments.

XII) The Seven Trials of Jesus Christ related to the Seven Seal Judgments.

XIII) The Seven Sayings of Jesus Christ on the Cross, related to the Seven Seal Judgments.

XIV) The Seven Feasts of Israel compared to the Seven Seal Judgments.

Now continuing our study, starting with our tenth point

X) The Seven Days of Creation Tell Us Something about the Seven Seal Judgments.

Genesis 1 tells us that God created and restored the earth and created various life forms on earth in 7-days. There are many theories regarding the 7-days, like those that say a day is as a thousand to God, so they think this was a 7,000 year span.

2 Peter 3:8, “But do not let this one fact escape your notice, beloved, that with the Lord one day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years like one day.”

Some also think a day could represent an age or a million years, and tie aspects of evolution with creation.

But a careful examination of Genesis 1 refutes any such ideas. That is a study all to itself that we won’t delve into at this time.

For simplicity sake, let’s just interpret the Bible literally at this time, and it says that 7-days was seven 24-hour periods.

More importantly, the 6-days of restoration and creation foreshadow 6,000 years of human history, and the 7th day, the Sabbath foreshadows the Millennium.

In addition, in the 7-days of restoration and creation, we see the message of Christ’s 1st and 2nd Advents and the reasoning for the Seven Seal Judgments of Revelation Chapters 6, 8+.

Let’s begin with a broad brush where:

  • Gen 1:1 speaks of the initial creation of plant earth inhabited solely by the angels.
  • Between 1:1 and 1:2; we note that Chaos reigned on earth, cf. Isa. 14:12-14; 45:18; Ezek. 28:12-18. This Chaos constitutes Satan’s and the Fallen Angel’s rebellion against God and the subsequent Judgment and sentencing by God for their rebellion.
  • Then in Gen 1:2b – 2:4, we have the restoration of planet earth and the creation of plant and animal life, as well as the creation of mankind. This is the result of God granting Satan’s appeal and the creation of mankind to resolve the conflict between God and Satan.

Now, let’s compare the Days of Creation to the Seal Judgments of Rev 6.

  • “In the 1st Day, God created light to govern the day and the night.”

So, on the 1st day of restoration, we see the Lord causing a division between the light and the darkness, which is symbolic of what took place in the invisible spiritual realm between God and the kingdom of darkness led by Satan.

This 1st day also speaks to the incarnation of Jesus Christ at His 1st Advent, who came to resolve the Angelic Conflict. This correlates to the reasoning and result of the 1st Seal Judgment. The world rejects the light, the authority of the Lord Jesus Christ, and therefore receives in Judgment the authority of the Antichrist. The Light was rejected, and God brings on the darkness in Judgment.

So, in the 1st Day, we see the picture of the Incarnation of Christ.

  • In the 2nd Day, God separated the waters from the waters, created the atmosphere, and as I believe, an expansive ice shield around the earth.

This ice shield is what allowed the post-Adamic humans to live hundreds of years up until the time of Noah and was used for the 40-days and nights of rain during the Great Flood, along with the waters below the earth. But that too is a topic for later discussion.

Gen 1:6, “Then God said, “Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.”

The great “expanse” was the creation of the atmosphere and was set in the midst of (in between) the waters. The RSV, KJ, NKJ and ASV translate the word in Genesis 1:6, “firmament.”

This is also known as the 1st heaven. The 2nd heaven is the stellar universe, and the 3rd is God’s throne room, as logically noted in 2 Cor 12:2.

2 Cor 12:2, “I know a man in Christ who fourteen years ago– whether in the body I do not know, or out of the body I do not know, God knows– such a man was caught up to the third heaven.”

Now, it is well known to Bible students that in Scripture “waters” symbolize people or nations. Rev 17:15

Rev 17:15, “And he said to me, “The waters which you saw where the harlot sits, are peoples and multitudes and nations and tongues.”

In Gen 1:6, “An expanse” is the masculine singular form of the noun raqia (pronounced: rah-kee’ag). The noun raqia comes from the verb raqa, “to stamp out, to hammer.” The noun raqia literally refers to “an expansion of plates, meaning broad plates beaten out.”

In Verse 6 the word “Separate” is the Masculine, Singular, Hiphil, Participle form of the verb badhal. It was used to describe the separation from God that is a result of sin. Is. 59:2

Isa 59:2a, “But your iniquities (sins) have made a separation between you and your God.

So, the atmosphere, a place among mankind, a place of hammering, a place a separation, typifies the cross were Christ was rejected by man, hammered to the cross, separated out to receive our sins, and spiritually separated from the Father in Judgment.

The 2nd day’s work pointed forward to the Cross, and at the Cross, God was dealing with sin. There His wrath was being expended on the Just One who was dying for the unjust, and He was without any sin, yet “He was made sin for us” and dealt with accordingly.

On the 2nd day of restoration, the Lord caused a division between the mass of water that had flooded the earth, as part of the Judgment of the satanic rebellion in eternity past.

Is it not also deeply significant that the words, “And God observed that it was perfect” are omitted at the close of this 2nd day’s work?

In Verse 7, we have the only reference of creation, where God did not say, “It was good.” Instead, He said, “It was so.”

Gen 1:7, “God made the expanse, and separated the waters which were below the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so.”

Why? Because the process of separating the ice pack from the earth freed fallen Angels to be active once again and move about as they willed in the new atmosphere.

Eph 2:2, “In which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience.”

Every other aspect of creation is “good” in God’s eye, because it was created perfect.

The atmosphere however would be a dwelling place of imperfection, the dwelling place of sinful Angels. That too is a topic too expansive to entertain at this time.

At the same time, it signified the place of Judgment for the Son. And there lies the meaning of the 2nd Day of creation with the 2nd Seal Judgment. The world rejected the sacrifice of Christ when He was separated from the Father through spiritual death; therefore, the world receives deathly separation as “man will slaughter man.”

So, in the 2nd day, we see the picture of the work of Jesus Christ on the Cross to overcome sin.

  • On the 3rd Day, God formed the earth up out of the sea (a picture of the resurrection of Christ) and restored planet earth from its dead, ice encapsulated state, by creating plant life.

Gen 1:9, “Then God said, “Let the waters below the heavens be gathered into one place, and let the dry land appear”; and it was so.”

In Verse 9, we see a great gathering of the waters, a gathering that allows for something to come forth. This gathering occurs beneath the heavens so that all can witness.

This is 1st a picture of the Resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ as He was raised up from the sea of man in resurrection form, on the 3rd day, as the great witness to the glory of God, (our previous topic or Rev 5:13).

In the statement in Verse 9, “it was so” is the matter of fact statement of the reality of the Resurrection of Christ.

But this passage doesn’t stop there. It continues with the creation of plant life as a result of the “dry land.”

Gen 1:10-11, “God called the dry land earth, and the gathering of the waters He called seas; and God saw that it was good. 11Then God said, “Let the earth sprout vegetation: plants yielding seed, and fruit trees on the earth bearing fruit after their kind with seed in them”; and it was so.”

The plant life brings about fruit production, which speaks to Divine Good that mankind is able to produce. In other words, as a result of the resurrection of Jesus Christ, Divine Good production in man is possible.

What’s also interesting about these scriptures are its various emphases. It emphasizes “seeds” over and over again. Vegetation and plants yielding seed. Fruit trees with seed. Both doubly emphasized.

“Yielding” is the Hebrew word Zara, which means, “scatter seed or sow.”

“Seed” is the noun Zera in Genesis 1:11, and refers to the product of what is sown.

What’s also interesting is that not only are words doubly emphasized, but the Hebrew language brings additional emphasis.

In Hebrew there is a Paronomasis [par-o-nom-a-sis], which are words that look similar but have different meaning. Zara and Zera. There is also Polyptotons [poly-p-to-tons], which are similar sounding words that provide emphasis.

In comparison to the 3rd Seal Judgment, what constitutes the Judgment? The “scarcity of wheat and barley.” Ultimately, what is wheat and barley? SEEDs.

So, in this verse, we have a picture of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ which provides for Divine Good Production along with the resultant “seeds,” which He left for mankind, which is His Word.

What are seeds? They are the Word of God, which is sown in mankind. Mat 13:1-9, 19-23; Mark 4:1-20; Luke 8:1-23

Mark 4:14, “The sower sows the word.”

Luke 8:11, “Now the parable is this: the seed is the word of God.”

What are the “seeds” intended for, to bear more fruit and vegetation “after their kind.”

So, based on the Resurrection of Christ and His Word, more and more will come to experience resurrection to eternal life.

There is another double emphasis, which is unique to this stage of restoration and creation.

In Vs. 10 and Vs. 12, God said, “it was good.”

“Good” is the Predicate Adjective – tov. The idea of tov in Hebrew is, “what fulfills one’s expectations.” It refers to something that is appropriate, pleasing, and beneficial, or a good thing that meets the need or the desire of the person.”

What is “good”? The Resurrection and the Word are both “good” in God’s eye. They are two perfect acts from God. Which by the way is how the Adjective tov should be translated here.

Because of the double emphasis on the Resurrection and Word and Production of Divine Good, there may also be correlation to why two types of grains are made scarce in the Third Seal “Wheat and Barley.”

Because of the double rejection of Resurrection Life and the Word, two fruits are used in Judgment during the 3rd Seal Judgment.

In addition, the correlation between the Resurrection and Divine Good Production is shown and carried over in the 4th day of creation with the two great luminaries, “the sun and moon to govern the day and night.” This is a type for Christ and His Church. Based on the Son, the church reflects His light during our current dark night stage of human history. At the Millennium the Son will shine indivisibly once again.

Gen 2:1-2 “Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had made; and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had made”.

The seventh day of rest is speaking to the Millennial Reign of Christ and rest for mankind.

Thus, in the 1st Four Days of work in Genesis 1, we have foreshadowed the four great stages or crises in the accomplishment of the work of redemption. The incarnation, the death, the resurrection, and the ascension of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ are respectively typified.

Rev 4:11, “Worthy are You, our Lord and our God, to receive glory and honor and power; for You created all things, and because of Your will they existed, and were created.”

So, on the 3rd Day, we see the picture of Christ’s Resurrection to life and the Fruit of His Word. On the 4th day, we will see His Ascension.

XI) Seven Results of the Baptism of the Spirit Related to the Seven Seal Judgments.

There are seven results of the Baptism of the God the Holy Spirit for the believer at the moment of salvation. Salvation is found in believing on the efficacious work of the Lord Jesus Christ on the Cross. Acts 16:31; 2 Cor 5:21 So, all seven results are based on Jesus Christ.

Gal 3:26-28, “For all of you are the sons of God [Royal Family] through faith in Christ Jesus. 27For all of you were baptized into Christ, and you have put on [clothed yourselves] with Christ. 28There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female.” w/ 1 Cor 12:13

Each of the Seven Results of the Baptism of the Holy Spirit correlates to the Seven Seal Judgments. Let’s begin with:

The Extension of the Great Power Experiment of the Hypostatic Union into the Church Age.

The extension of the great power experiment was when Jesus Christ became a man and did not use His own Deity to sustain Himself or solve His problems. He instead trusted and applied the power of God found in the Word of God and the Filling of God the Holy Spirit.

That same power is now available to all Church Age believers. This power was never available to any believers prior to the Church Age, nor will be after the Church Age Dispensation.

Eph 5:18, “Be filled with the Spirit,” refers to the initial entrance into God’s power system at the point of salvation.

Gal 5:16 “Walk by means of the Spirit,” is a mandate for the believer to remain inside the Divine Power System.

Eph 4:30 “Grieve not the spirit,” is a mandate to the believer not to enter Cosmic One, (The Arrogance Complex of Sins).

1 Thes 5:19″Quench not the spirit,” is the mandate for the believer not to enter Cosmic Two, (Being Antagonistic Toward the Things of God).

Because of the rejection of the Divine Power of God, the power and authority of the Antichrist is unveiled. Rev 6:1-2

Creation of a New Spiritual Species to Use Divine Power. 2 Cor 5:17: Gal 6:15

2 Cor 5:17, “Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creature; the old things passed away; behold, new things have come.”

Because the world rejects the opportunity for being a New Spiritual Species with Divine Power, which brings mankind peace and unity, the Red Horse Rider is given power (a sword) to remove peace from the earth, with the subsequent earthly separation of mankind through anarchy as man slaughters man. Rev 6:3-4

Election of the Royal Family of God. Eph 5:30-32; 1 Peter 2:5, 9; “a people for God’s possession.”

The Election of the Royal Family of God speaks to our eternal status, care, and sustenance. We are elected because of our positive volition toward the Word of God, the gospel message.

Because of its rejection by the world, the head of a family will not be able to care and provide for his family during the 3rd Seal Judgment. Rev 6:5-6

Positional Sanctification. 1 Cor 15:22; Rom 8:1; “In Christ”

This speaks to our position in Christ in Heaven forever.

Because man’s potential position is rejected, the unbeliever has an eternal appointment with Death and Hades. Rev 6:7-8

Rev 6:7-8, “When the Lamb broke the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature saying, “Come.” 8I looked, and behold, an ashen horse; and he who sat on it had the name Death; and Hades was following with him. Authority was given to them over a fourth of the earth, to kill with sword and with famine and with pestilence and by the wild beasts of the earth.”

Every Believer is the Heir of God and Joint Heir with Jesus Christ. Rom 8:16-17; 1 Pet 1:4

Rom 8:16-17, “The Spirit Himself testifies with our spirit that we are children of God, 17and if children, heirs also, heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer with Him so that we may also be glorified with Him.”

The martyrs in the 5th Seal who are in heaven with Christ are dressed in white robes signify their inheritance. Rev 6:9-11

Eternal Security. 1 John 5:11-12: John 10:28-30

1 John 5:11-12, “And the deposition is this: God has given to us eternal life, and this [eternal] life is in His Son. 12He, who has the Son, has life.”

John 10:28-30, “And I give eternal life to them, and they will never perish; and no one will snatch them out of My hand. 29“My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand. 30“I and the Father are one.”

Because man rejected God’s eternal security, their worldly security is removed like never before in the 6th Seal. Rev 6:12-17

Equal Privilege under Predestination. Eph 1:3-4; Rom 8:29-39; Gal 3:28

Eph 1:3, “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ, 4just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we would be holy and blameless before Him. In love.”

Rom 8:29-31, “For those whom He foreknew, He also predestined to become conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brethren; 30and these whom He predestined, He also called; and these whom He called, He also justified; and these whom He justified, He also glorified. 31What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who is against us?”

Gal 3:28, “There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free man, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus,”

God will judge the unbeliever and believer based on the availability of equal privilege and equal opportunity. He will judge for salvation and for rewards. Rev 8:1-9:21, 11:15-19 (specifically, Rev 11:18)

XII) The Seven Trials of Jesus Christ Related to the Seven Seal Judgments.

Each of the 7 Trials that Jesus endured leading up to and including the Cross, correlates to the 7 Seal Judgments of the Tribulation found in Rev 6, 8-11. In these trials, we see something occur or something said in rejection of Jesus as the Christ.

As we have seen and will continue to see, the 7 Seal Judgments are each brought forward because of the rejection by the world of some aspect of Jesus Christ. In the first three Seal Judgments, we have noted that Jesus was rejected in the way of Authority (1st Seal), Unity and Peace (2nd Seal), and the Bread of Life / Word of God (3rd Seal).

As we review the 7 Trials, we will see the corresponding aspect of Jesus Christ that was rejected.

1st Trial, before Annas

John 18:12-14, “So the Roman cohort and the commander, and the officers of the Jews, arrested Jesus and bound Him, 13and led Him to Annas FIRST; for he (Annas) was father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year. 14Now Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that it was expedient for one man to die on behalf of the people.”

Here we have Jesus being brought before not the reigning High Priest, but the Father in Law of the current High Priest who was the preceding High Priest. Here we have a picture of Hierarchy and Authority.

The current High Priest Caiaphas got things going, by stating, “it is expedient for one man to die,” but did not begin the trial(s) himself. He instead kicked Jesus up the ladder to daddy-in-law, who was the previous year’s High Priest. So, through this act, we see man using human authority to try Jesus instead of trusting in the Authority of God. This group rejected the stated Authority of Jesus and instead used their human authority and righteousness (-R) to get rid of Him.

Notice what Jesus said in Verses 19-21. Ask those who have heard me, who and what I am.

John 18:19-21, “The high priest then questioned Jesus about His disciples, and about His teaching. 20Jesus answered him, “I have spoken openly to the world; I always taught in synagogues and in the temple, where all the Jews come together; and I spoke nothing in secret. 21”Why do you question Me? Question those who have heard what I spoke to them; they know what I said.’”

Then in Verse 22-23 an officer perceiving Jesus as disrespectful to the High Priest slaps Him in the face, which was an illegal act in their court of Law that went unchecked.

Caiaphas, by the way, was unwittingly correct in His statement that got this whole thing going. Jesus was the One man whose death would be expedient for the people!

Let us also not lose the point that the High Priest’s father was given authority, illegally and unjustly to judge. Conversely, God the Father had the authority to judge, legally and righteously.

So, we see Authority as the issue in the 1st  illegal trial of Jesus Christ.

And the rejection of the authority of Christ is the righteous and just reason why the unrighteous authority of the Antichrist is allowed to come unto the world in the 1st Seal Judgment.

At its conclusion, Annas sends Jesus to Caiaphas.

2nd Trial, before Caiaphas

Matthew 26:57, 59-68, “And those who had seized Jesus led Him away to CAIAPHAS, the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were gathered together. … 59Now the chief priests and the whole Council kept trying to obtain false testimony against Jesus, so that they might put Him to death…”

Here we see in the 2nd Trial that the reigning High Priest sought false / untrue information about Jesus that would seal a conviction of Him, and result in His public execution and death. So, a false witness would lead to death.

As we saw in the 2nd Seal Judgment, this judgment is brought on because the world rejected the True Witness of the gospel message that leads to unity, peace, and life. So, the True Witness leads to an eternal life of peace.

As a result of the rejection of the True Witness, the Red Horse Rider is given authority to enact warfare and anarchy to remove peace from the earth. But notice that Rev 6:4 doesn’t say that peace is removed from “man,” because man always has an opportunity for the eternal life and peace found in the life of Christ.

3rd Trial, before the Jewish Council

Luke 22:66-71, “And when it was day, the Council of elders of the people assembled, both chief priests and scribes, and they led Him away to their council chamber, saying, 67‘If you are the Christ, tell us.’ But He said to them, ‘If I tell you, you will not believe; 68and if I ask a question, you will not answer. 69But from now on THE SON OF MAN WILL BE SEATED AT THE RIGHT HAND of the power OF GOD. 70And they all said, ‘Are you the Son of God, then?’ And He said to them, ‘Yes, I am.’ 71And they said, ‘What further need do we have of testimony? For we have heard it ourselves from His own mouth.’”

Here we see in view the Word of God. The last phrase says it all, “from His own mouth.”

As we have noted, Jesus, the Son of Man, the Son of God, is the Bread of Life and that Bread is the Word of God. John 6

Mat 4:4, “Man shall not live on bread alone but on every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God.”

And, what did Jesus tell them? He told them that He was the Son of God. He gave them enough information for their eternal spiritual sustenance, but nevertheless, they reject His Word. This is the way of the world, “unbelief,” and therefore God allows the Judgment of the Scarcity of Grain Products (bread), so that earthly sustenance is shown not to have any power for true life.

Harmony of Scripture Thus Far:

John 18:12-14, “So the Roman cohort and the commander, and the officers of the Jews, arrested Jesus and bound Him, 13and led Him to Annas FIRST; for he (Annas) was father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year. 14Now Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that it was expedient for one man to die on behalf of the people.”

Matthew 26:57, 59-68, “And those who had seized Jesus led Him away to CAIAPHAS, the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were gathered together. … 59Now the chief priests and the whole Council kept trying to obtain false testimony against Jesus, so that they might put Him to death…”

Luke 22:66-71, “And when it was day, the Council of elders of the people assembled, both chief priests and scribes, and they led Him away to their council chamber, saying, 67‘If you are the Christ, tell us.’ But He said to them, ‘If I tell you, you will not believe; 68and if I ask a question, you will not answer. 69But from now on THE SON OF MAN WILL BE SEATED AT THE RIGHT HAND of the power OF GOD. 70And they all said, ‘Are you the Son of God, then?’ And He said to them, ‘Yes, I am.’ 71And they said, ‘What further need do we have of testimony? For we have heard it ourselves from His own mouth.’”

4th Trial, before Pilate

John 18:28-33, “They led Jesus therefore from Caiaphas into the Praetorium, and it was early; and they themselves did not enter into the Praetorium in order that they might not be defiled, but might eat the Passover. 29Therefore Pilate went out to them and said, “What accusation do you bring against this Man?” 30They answered and said to him, “If this Man were not an evildoer, we would not have delivered Him to you.” 31So Pilate said to them, “Take Him yourselves, and judge Him according to your law.” The Jews said to him, “We are not permitted to put anyone to death,” 32to fulfill the word of Jesus which He spoke, signifying by what kind of death He was about to die. 33Therefore Pilate entered again into the Praetorium, and summoned Jesus.”

Here we have in view a Judgment for Death. All of the trials by the Jews were trials in the hopes of killing off Jesus, but as we have seen, they each had a special emphasis. Here the emphasis is purely Judgment. This is noted by the place they brought Jesus, the “Praetorium” or as the KJV calls it the “Hall of Judgment.”

Thayer says about the Greek word for Praetorium”:

Praitorion – πραιτώριον:

1) “Head-quarters” in a Roman camp, the tent of the commander-in-chief.

2) The palace in which the governor or procurator of a province resided, to which use the Romans were accustomed to appropriate the palaces already existing, and formerly dwelt in by kings or princes.

At Jerusalem, it was a magnificent palace which Herod the Great had built for himself, and which the Roman procurators seemed to have occupied whenever they came from Caesarea to Jerusalem to transact public business

In comparison to the 4th Seal Judgment, we see that Judgment leads to mass death through various means that are part of God’s Cycles of Divine Punitive Discipline against apostate and reversionistic nations, (Lev 26). Sword, famine, pestilence / death, and wild beasts are the causes of death for 1/4th of the world’s population.

What is also interesting in comparison is that for the first time in the Seal Judgments two parties come together to enact this Judgment, the “Pale Horse Rider named Death and Hades.” Likewise, in the 4th Trial of Jesus, for the first time, two parties come together in Judgment, the Jewish council and the Gentile governor.

Now, even though it is at the conclusion of the 6th Trial, in John 19:13, we see the place of this Judgment.

John 19:13, “Therefore when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called The Pavement, but in Hebrew, Tabatha.”

The first point of interest is the phrase “Judgment Seat.” In the Greek, it is the word, BEMA. Bema is also used in Scripture to identify the Seat of Judgment that Christ will sit upon in Judgment over unbelievers and believers. This term is especially used in regards to believers, as He will Judge the works of believers to determine if they are rewardable or not. Rom 14:10; 2 Cor 3:10 w/ 1 Cor 3:10-15

Next, we have the place of Judgment identified as the “Pavement” or “Gabbatha”.

Joseph Thayer in his definition of this word says:
(gab-bath-ah’) – Γαββαθᾶ – Gabbatha = “elevated or a platform.”

1) A raised place, elevation.

In the Greek was called lithostrōton, or the “pavement of stones,” as the Syrian version renders it. It is thought to be the room Gazith, in which the Sanhedrin sat in the temple when they tried capital causes; and it was so called, because it was paved with smooth, square hewn stones: “It was in the north part; half of it was holy, and half of it was common: and it had two doors. One for that part which was holy, and another for that part that was common. In the half that was common the Sanhedrin sat.” So that into this part of it, and by this door, Pilate, though a Gentile, might enter.

This place, in the language of the Jews, who at that time spoke Syrian, was Gabbatha, from its height, as it should seem; though the Syrian and Persian versions read Gaphiphtha, which signifies a fence or enclosure.

Mention is made in the Talmud of the upper Gab in the mountain of the house; but whether the same with this Gabbatha, and whether this is the same with the chamber Gazith, is not certain. 


The Septuagint uses the same word as John does here, and calls it by the same name, “the pavement of the temple” on which Israelites fell and worshipped God. (2 Chr. 7:3)

The Hebrew word for “Pavement” occurs only once in the Old Testament.

In 2 Kings 16:17 we read, “King Ahaz cut off the borders of the bases, and removed the laver from off them; and took down the sea from off the brazen oxen that were under it, and put it upon the pavement of stones.”

In Ahaz’s case, his act was the conclusive token of his abject (degrading) apostasy. So, here of Pilate coming down to the apostate Jews.

In the former case, (Ahaz) it was a Jewish ruler dominated by a Gentile idolater; in the latter (Pilate), a Gentile idolater dominated by Jews who had rejected the Messiah!

Finally, What did They Accuse Jesus of?

Not that He was the Son of God, for Pilate would not have cared much about that, but that He was an “evildoer.” Apparently, evildoers deserve the death penalty, as stated from their own lips.

So, we see the parallels between the 4th Trial of Jesus and the 4th Seal Judgment, Judgment leading to “death.”

5th Trial, before Herod: Faithfulness unto Death.

Luke 23:8-12, “Now Herod was very glad when he saw Jesus; for he had wanted to see Him for a long time, because he had been hearing about Him and was hoping to see some sign performed by Him. 9And he questioned Him at some length; but He answered him nothing. 10And the chief priests and the scribes were standing there, accusing Him vehemently. 11And Herod with his soldiers, after treating Him with contempt and mocking Him, dressed Him in a gorgeous robe and sent Him back to Pilate. 12Now Herod and Pilate became friends with one another that very day; for before they had been at enmity with each other.”

Ironically in this trial, Jesus is brought before the ruler or King of the Jews, Herod. As you know, Jesus Himself is the Son of Man, the Son of David, and the rightful heir to David’s throne which was currently occupied by Herod. So once again we see the humility displayed by the Lord as an unrighteous “king of the Jews” cross-examines the righteous “King of the Jews.”

In his cross-examination, Herod wanted to see Jesus perform some miracle. He wanted to have his desires satisfied. Jesus would have none it, because this Herod had ample opportunities to see, hear, and hold onto the miracles Jesus performed, which always focused on salvation through the Messiah, and therefore the Gospel message. Herod could have seen and heard and been saved many times before. Herod instead rejected the Gospel and held onto his worldly life.

This is antithetical to the martyrs of the 5th Seal. The martyrs had received the Gospel and held on to it unto death. But just as Herod “vehemently” pressed Jesus to perform a miracle, the martyrs of the 5th Seal “cried with a loud voice” to press Jesus into avenging their deaths.

We also see that when Herod didn’t get his way, he mocked Jesus by dressing Him in “a gorgeous robe.” When the martyrs don’t get their way, Jesus dresses them in the uniform of glory, “white robes.” Rev 6:11

And one last comparison is that on this day, Herod and Pilate, who were enemies became friends. Just as you and I, and the martyrs, prior to our salvation are at enmity with Christ. Yet upon our salvation, we are brought near in friendship with Christ. Eph 2:11-22; Rom 5:10

Rom 8:6-9, (KJV) “For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. 7Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. 8So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God. 9But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwells in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.”

All believers have the permanent indwelling of God the Holy Spirit; therefore, they are His (Christ’s). So, the 5th Trial led Jesus back to Pilate, and ultimately to the Cross to be martyred; therefore, we know that Jesus has empathy for the 5th Seal martyrs. See also, the 5th Message to the Church at Sardis in Rev. 3:1-6 for these consistent themes.

6th Trial, back to Pilate: Rejection of the Work of Christ.

Luke 23:13-17, “Pilate summoned the chief priests and the rulers and the people, 14and said to them, “You brought this man to me as one who incites the people to rebellion, and behold, having examined Him before you, I have found no guilt in this man regarding the charges which you make against Him. 15“No, nor has Herod, for he sent Him back to us; and behold, nothing deserving death has been done by Him. 16“Therefore I will punish Him and release Him.” 17Now he was obliged to release to them at the feast one prisoner.”

John 18:39, “But you have a custom, that I should release someone for you at the Passover; do you wish then that I release for you the King of the Jews?”

Although unattested in extant Palestinian sources (as are many customs), the specific custom mentioned here is the sort of custom the Romans would have allowed. Roman law permitted two kinds of amnesty, the indulgentia (pardoning a condemned person) and—what Pilate probably has in mind here – abolitio (acquitting a person before judgment). Romans and Greeks seem to have granted mass amnesty at some other regular feasts, and Romans occasionally acquitted prisoners in response to the cries of crowds; Roman provincial officials were also permitted to follow previous officials’ precedents or provincial customs. (IVP Background Commentary: New Testament)

“You have a custom,” said Pilate (18:39). How sad that Pilate knew the religious customs, but did not know Christ! People are like this even today, careful to observe religious holidays and customs, but ignorant of the Savior of the world. Rejection means eternal judgment, but faith means eternal life. Everyone must make a decision. (Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines on the New Testament.)

Luke 23:18-25, “But they cried out all together, saying, “Away with this man, and release for us Barabbas!” 19(He was one who had been thrown into prison for an insurrection made in the city, and for murder.) 20Pilate, wanting to release Jesus, addressed them again, 21but they kept on calling out, saying, “Crucify, crucify Him!” 22And he said to them the third time (Number of Divine Perfection), “Why, what evil has this man done? I have found in Him no guilt demanding death; therefore I will punish Him and release Him.” 23But they were insistent, with loud voices asking that He be crucified. And their voices began to prevail. 24And Pilate pronounced sentence that their demand be granted. 25And he released the man they were asking for who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, but he delivered Jesus to their will.”

Mat 27:25-26, “And all the people said, “His blood shall be on us and on our children!” 26Then he released Barabbas for them; but after having Jesus scourged, he handed Him over to be crucified.”

The 6th Message to the Church at Philadelphia says, Rev 3:8 & 10, “I know your deeds. Behold, I have put before you an open door which no one can shut, because you have a little power, and have kept My word, and have not denied My name. … 10‘Because you have kept the word of My perseverance, I also will keep you from the hour of testing, that hour which is about to come upon the whole world, to test those who dwell on the earth.”

So, we see the 6th Trial ends with a scourging prior to crucifixion, which I believe is parallel to what the world will endure during the 6th Seal.

As we see in Rev 6:12, the moon became like blood. The moon in Scripture many times is symbolic for man, while the sun is symbolic of Christ. This is shown in a detailed study of the 4th Day of Creation.

So here in the 6th Seal, we see a comparison to the 6th Trial of Christ. As Christ was made to suffer via a scourging where His blood was shed profusely, the world and man will undergo a kind of scourging of its own, Rev 6:12-14. To say it another way, the description of the 6th Seal Judgment in Rev 6:12-14, tells us what Jesus went through during the scourging. This is what it was like to Him.

Next, in Rev 6:15, we see a description of all the peoples of the world, because all levels of people were involved in the 6th Trial of Jesus. Roman leaders and soldiers and commoners, as well as Jewish leaders and soldiers and commoners were involved.

In Mat 27:19, we see another parallel picture to the 6th Seal in Rev 6:16-17.

Mat 27:19, “While he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent him a message, saying, “Have nothing to do with that righteous Man; for last night I suffered greatly in a dream because of Him.”

Rev 6:16-17, “and they said to the mountains and to the rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the presence of Him who sits on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb; 17for the great day of their wrath has come, and who is able to stand?”

The wrath of Pilate on his throne, and the wrath of the Pharisees and Roman soldiers in hatred and anger came down on Jesus in the 6th Trial. The scourging was as Rev 6:17 says, “who can stand?”

Because the world rejected the work and sacrifice of Jesus Christ, as displayed in the 6th Trial, the world will receive a scourging in the 6th Seal Judgment.

Seventh Trial, The Crucifixion: The Sacrifice for Sins.

Luke 23:44, “It was now about the sixth hour (noon), and darkness fell over the whole land until the ninth hour (3pm).”

1 Peter 2:24, “And He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, so that we might die to sin and live to righteousness; for by His wounds you were healed.”

As the 7th Trial was the culmination of all the trials and testing of Jesus, so will be the 7th Seal Judgment. The 7th Seal is a culmination of the first six reiterated through the Seven Trumpet Judgments.

Because the world rejected the totality of the sacrifice for sins found in Christ, the whole world experiences judgments, i.e. the land (1st), seas (2nd), waters (3rd), heavens (4th), and man (5th and 6th) who populates it, in the Seven Trumpet Judgments.

Just as the worldly Pilate sat upon his throne in judgment of Christ, so Christ will sit upon The Throne in Judgment of the world.

Rev 11:19, “And the temple of God which is in heaven was opened; and the ark of His covenant, (a.k.a. the Mercy Seat – Place of Judgment), appeared in His temple.”

Compare this to the promise of blessing for the believer in the 7th Message to the 7th Church, Laodicea. Rev 3:21

And finally, isn’t it interesting that the 7th Trial leads to another seven: the Seven Sayings on the Cross by Jesus, our next comparison. Just as the 7th Seal Judgment leads to another seven: the Seven Trumpet Judgments by Jesus.

XIII. The Seven Sayings of Jesus Christ on the Cross, Related to the Seven Seal Judgments.

First Phrase / Saying

Luke 23:34, “Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.”

In this saying, our Lord is using the 8th Problem Solving Device of Impersonal / Unconditional Love for All Mankind! This love is based upon the subject, not the object! Our Lord was exercising this love from His own integrity and doctrine resident in His human soul! These people that He is impersonally and unconditionally loving had just beaten him up, spit on Him, mocked Him & crucified Him. He did not get bitter, but utilized this Problem Solving Device!

Romans 5:8, “But God demonstrates His own impersonal unconditional love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died (spiritually) for us.”

Hebrews 12:3, “For consider Him who has endured such hostility by sinners against Himself, so that you may not grow weary and lose heart.”

This type of love does not try to get people back for hurting you. It does not seek to gain revenge. It is patient, it is kind, and will endure all types of suffering!

What is Jesus doing here? He is appealing to His Father for forgiveness for those that have abused Him. Remember that in the 1st Trial, Jesus was led to a father-in-law, Annas, for a sentence of guilty. Conversely, Jesus appeals to The Father for the forgiveness of those who condemned Him. So, here again we see Authority in view. Jesus appealed to the Divine Authority of God the Father for forgiveness of the sinner.

This further emphasizes the reason for the 1st Seal Judgment. Due to the rejection of the authority of God, the evil authority of the Antichrist is allowed to take control of the world. Authority is in view.

Second Phrase / Saying

Luke 23:43, “Truly, I say to you, today you shall be with Me in Paradise.”

What is the 2nd Seal Judgment about? It’s a Judgment for the rejection of the Gospel of Peace; therefore, peace is removed from the world.

Here Jesus promises the believing thief and all believers that “eternal peace” is theirs when He says, “Be with Me in Paradise.” This thief just believed! He could do nothing but believe, because he was hanging on a cross dying! He could do nothing physically but hang there. He could not perform any “works” such as water baptism! It was faith alone in Christ alone!

Jesus, as always, was speaking absolute truth. The truth of eternal security in Paradise. In contrast, the 2nd Trial sought for false witnesses. So, Jesus here is promising peace to those who believe in Him and His work upon the cross. As we have seen that peace is rejected by the worldly, and therefore the 2nd Seal comes to remove worldly peace, in order to show the world that salvation or peace is not found in the world, but found only in Jesus Christ. Peace is in view.

Third Phrase / Saying

John 19:25-27, “Therefore the soldiers did these things. But there were standing by the cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother’s sister (Salome), Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26When Jesus therefore saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He said to His mother, ‘Woman, behold, your son!’ 27Then He said to the disciple, ‘Behold, your mother!’ And from that hour the disciple took her into his own household.”

Our Lord was obeying the commandment to “honor your father and mother” (Ex. 20:12)! Even though our Lord was going through tremendous suffering, He did not forget those in His family. He had all his faculties. He was thinking doctrine all the time while on the cross! He was careful to keep every point of the Mosaic Law (the Word of God), which He was fulfilling down to the very jot and tittle!

This is similar to what David had done, when he was not able to care for His mother and family. 1 Sam 22:3

So, we see that the 3rd Seal Judgment and 3rd Trial have to do with the Word of God.

Here Jesus is commanding both His mother and friend/disciple with His spoken Words. He is fulfilling His honor as the eldest son when the father has already died (according to Jewish heritage). Here Jesus is taking care of His mother and family in the absence of his human stepfather.

In addition, as we have seen in the 3rd Seal, a father will not be able to care for his family due to the grain famine. This is the Judgment for rejecting the spiritual provisions of God the Father by providing the Bread of Life in His Son. So, in the 3rd Saying, Jesus is, by Word, providing for His family. The Word is in View.

There is also another analogy we need to explore here. And this is related to the 1st Phrase of this saying, ‘Woman, behold, your son!’ This is a similar allegory to Rev 12:1-6, where the Woman gives birth to a son. In Rev 12, it is referring to Israel as the woman and Jesus Christ as the Son. So again, we are given a picture of the Word becoming flesh as the strategic victory of the Angelic Conflict. It also is a promise of logistical grace blessings to Israel as the disciple took the woman into his house from that hour forward. So too is the promise in Rev 12, where God prepared a place in the wilderness for the woman’s (Israel’s) protection and nourishment for the remaining Tribulation time period.

Fourth Phrase / Saying

Mark 15:34, “And at the ninth hour (3:00 pm) Jesus cried out with a loud voice, ‘Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?’ which is translated, ‘My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?’”

This is one of the most important phrases Jesus stated on the cross, and therefore by no coincidence will demand the most attention by us in this comparison.

This phrase found in Matthew 27:46, Mark and Psalm 22:1 were literally screamed! Our Lord was making it clear that He was separated from God! He was suffering spiritual death! He was being judged for our sins! It was our Lord’s humanity that died spiritually, not His deity! Deity cannot die, only humanity can! This was the reason for the Incarnation! God became a human being. God the Son entered into the human race so that He could suffer spiritual death for us!

Ps 22:1a is the prophecy with regard to our Lord’s unique spiritual death on the cross. “My God, my God, why have You forsaken [abandoned] me?” The repetition of a noun in the Hebrew is an idiom for intensity. It also expresses exceptional and highest quality of the person being addressed: God the Father. “You” is a Second Person, Masculine, Singular Suffix on the Verb, referring to God the Father only. “Me” refers to Jesus Christ.

“For what reason” is the Greek word Hinanti, which introduces a rhetorical question, not directed toward God for an answer; for Jesus Christ, in both His Humanity and His Deity knew the answer and had always known the answer? God the Father did not have to give an answer, because the answer had been decided in the Eternal Decrees long before the existence of the universe.

Therefore, the reason for the rhetorical question is so that we could understand what Jesus Christ was doing on the cross, how He was sustained, and how he endured the Judgment for every sin in the history of the human race in the short period of three hours.

In the following two scriptures, we see some clues that tell us more about this phrase and the reason for the 4th Seal.

Psa 22:1 & 3, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken me? Far from My deliverance are the words of My groaning…. 3Yet You are holy, O You who are enthroned upon the praises of Israel.”

2 Cor 5:21, “He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.”

In these verses we see: The Basis and Reason for the Crucifixion:

1) The Crucifixion is based on the Integrity or Holiness of God, which is the combination of two of God’s attributes, His righteousness and Justice.

Psa 22:1 & 3, “My God, my God, why have You forsaken me? Far from my deliverance are the words of my groaning…. 3Yet You are holy, O You who are enthroned upon the praises of Israel.

  • The Crucifixion was necessary so that we could be given the righteousness of God.

2 Cor 5:21, “He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.”

These two groups, Christ and the Church, are emphasized in Gen 1:14-19 on the 4th Day of Creation. The sun is a literal object plus typology for Christ and His incarnation, and the moon is typology for the body of Christ – the Church, the reflected light of the sun.

In comparison to the 4th Saying, the dual action of the Crucifixion of Christ and Imputed Righteousness to the believer are emphasized. We’ll see more of this during our study of the 4th Seal compared to the 4th Day of Creation.

Remember, what the Righteousness of God demands His Justice satisfies and vice versa. So, in both the judgment of Christ and the blessing for the believer at salvation, both Righteousness and Justice, the Holiness of God is involved.

Also keep in mind that this phrase is not only doubly emphasized, “My God, My God” directed to the Father, but is doubly stated in both the Aramaic and Greek (now translated into English). So, not only do we have in view the double emphasis of the Righteousness and Justice, two primary attributes of God the Father, but another attribute is also in view.

2) In Our Lord’s spiritual death on the cross, our Lord’s humanity experienced two categories of Divine Omnipotence.

  • The sustaining power of God the Father under logistical grace, and
  • The sustaining power of God the Holy Spirit inside God’s prototype power system.

Our Lord’s humanity was able to endure the spiritual death of the cross, because the Omnipotence of God the Father provided Him logistical grace blessings.

Logistical Grace is defined as; “Divine planning, Divine support, Divine provision, and Divine blessing for the execution of the plan of God for the fulfillment of God’s will, purpose, and plan for your life. 2 Cor 9:8” The basis of Logistical Grace is Divine Integrity.

Logistical Grace Includes Three Factors of Divine Provision:

a) Life Support: This explains how and why we are alive every moment. The only reason we are alive is because of logistical grace. We do not earn or deserve it; there’s no work we can accomplish to keep ourselves alive.

b) Blessings: This dramatizes the justice of God, in that the justice of God sends life support and blessing to the indwelling righteousness of God into believers. This emphasizes grace. You are alive only because of the grace of God, not because of anything you do.

c) Divine Provision to Execute the Plan of God:

1) All doctrine comes from the prepared Pastor-teacher. If you have persistent positive volition, you will find doctrine and your right Pastor-teacher.

2) This coupled with the filling of God the Holy Spirit are the Divine provisions from God to execute His Plan for your life. Christ was filled with the Spirit and applied doctrine the entire time He was on the cross.

The Divine Power of God the Holy Spirit inside the prototype power system continued to empower Jesus’ humanity to withstand the greatest spiritual suffering ever endured by a member of the human race.

The Omnipotence of God the Holy Spirit sustained our Lord spiritually, as our Lord remained inside the prototype power system during that entire experience! Not once did our Lord ever get out of the prototype power system and commit a sin of His own. The strength to endure the most intense and most important three hours in history came from the Omnipotence of God the Father and God the Holy Spirit. We also see that the Omnipotence of God the Father imputed our sins to Jesus Christ while the Omnipotence of the Father’s logistical grace blessings sustained His body.

At the same time, the Justice of the Father righteously judged our sins while Jesus Christ, being sustained spiritually by God the Holy Spirit, was carrying them on the cross.

These points are emphasized by Pastor R.B. Thieme, Jr. in His Doctrine of the Omnipotence of God. He states:

“In both the Greek and the Hebrew, whenever a noun is repeated it expresses not only the fantastic quality of the person involved, but it also emphasizes specific attributes of that person.

The repetition of the vocative emphasizes the two categories of divine attributes involved in the judgment of our sins on the cross.

(a) The first vocative refers the fantastic holiness or integrity of God the Father. The holiness of God is made up of the justice and righteousness of God. The Justice of God was imputing the sins of the world to Christ on the cross and judging all of them.

(b) The second vocative refers to the Omnipotence of God the Father. The authority and power for the judgment of Christ came from the Omnipotence of God.”

So, based on what Pastor Thieme states, in comparison to the 4th Seal Judgment of Death and Hades:

“Death” represents the Integrity of God to determine the end of someone’s physical life and to judge righteously and justly, whether that person will be sent to Hades or to Heaven, based on what they did about their sins. Did they retain them by rejecting Christ, or did they receive a pardon by accepting Christ?

“Hades” then is the holding place for the unbeliever who has rejected Christ. Based on their rejection, they are sentenced to Hades and eventually to the Eternal Lake of Fire. Hades then represents the authority and power of the holding place for those who are found guilty and incarcerated.

Conversely, Christ tells us that the integrity of God has found a way to pardon the believer so that their sins no longer have the power for judgment or incarceration. Therefore, the believer cannot be held in Hades, as a result of their sins. Sin, death, and Hades are rendered powerless based on the Divine righteousness and justice of God for the believer. Acts 13:39; Rom 6:1-20; 1 Cor 15:54-57

1 Cor 15:54b-57, “…DEATH IS SWALLOWED UP in victory. 55O DEATH, WHERE IS YOUR VICTORY? O DEATH, WHERE IS YOUR STING? 56The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law; 57but thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.”

For the believer in the Lord Jesus Christ, Death no longer has the sting of eternal condemnation called the Second Death, the Eternal Lake of Fire.


So, in conjunction with His Divine Holiness, the Omnipotence of God the Father judged the sins of the world as they were imputed to Christ on the Cross.

1) The source of the Judgment was the Holiness of God the Father, which includes both His Justice and His Righteousness.

The answer to our Lord’s question in Psa 22:1a is given in Psa 22:3, “Because you are holy.” This is why the Father forsook Him.

Eternal and Holy God was Judging the sins of the world after He imputed them to Christ on the Cross.

2) The Power and Authority for the Judgment of our sins came from the Omnipotence of God the Father, as did the Logistical Grace Blessings in sustaining the body of Christ. The motivation behind it was the Love of God, yet God had to judge every sin in the human race; no sin was omitted. If even one sin was omitted, that person would not be qualified for salvation. But we are all qualified on a non-meritorious basis of faith.

So, while the Holiness of God the Father was judging our sins, by the means of the Lord on the Cross, the Omnipotence of the Father and the Holy Spirit were enabling our Lord’s humanity, both body and soul, to endure the most intense suffering in all of human history; the unique spiritual death of our Lord.

This was the only outward cry Jesus made during all 7 Trials. Here He suffered more excruciating pain than we can imagine.

Why did Jesus scream at this point? Because this is the timeframe when all the sins of the world were imputed to His account, and He was being judged for those sins.

What is the Judgment for sin? Spiritual Death.

What is the 4th Seal? Physical Death when Death and Hades are allowed to kill off one fourth of the world’s population and hold them in eternal bonds.

What was the reasoning for the 4th Trial? A Judgment for death, because the Jews could not kill Jesus on their own, so they sought help from the Romans.

What does Jesus say in the scream? “Eli, Eli – My God, My God.”

Why? Because He is recognizing God the Father’s Holiness and Omnipotence, while at the same time the Father’s and the Spirit’s Logistical Grace Blessings for His body and soul.

Just as in the:

  • 4th Seal there are two Groups involved: Death and Hades
  • 4th Trial two Groups involved: Jews and Romans (Gentiles)
  • 4th Day of Creation two Objects: Sun and Moon – Christ and His body
  • 4th Message to the Church two descriptions: “Eyes like flame of fire” and “Feet like burnished bonze,” which are both pictures of Judgment.
  • 4th Praise in Rev 5:12 He is ascribed with Might (Ischus), which is having strength in reserve for the ability: to Rule and Judge.

So, our Lord screams in agony, “Eli, Eli Lama Sabachthani?” in the 4th Saying while on the cross.

Fifth Phrase / Saying

John 19:28, “After this, Jesus, knowing that all things had already been accomplished (Salvation plan for mankind, the Plan of God (PoG) for His life, fulfillment of the Mosaic Law), in order that the Scripture might be fulfilled, said, ‘I am thirsty.”

It is again, by no coincidence what we see and what happens in the 5th Saying compared to the 5th Seal.

Here in the 5th Saying, we see a pause in the works of Jesus Christ, almost a pause of rest if there could be such a thing while nailed to a Cross. At this point, Jesus has fulfilled the work of the Cross, as shown in the First Four Sayings, and especially in the 4th. So, now we see in the 5th, a pause in the action or rest period.

This is directly related to the 5th Seal, or better yet, the 5th Seal is directly related to the 5th Saying. In the 5th Seal Judgment, we actually do not have a Judgment at all. Instead we have a pause in the action. In the First Four Judgments, we see actionable Judgments brought onto the lost world in the hopes of salvation. Yet in the 5th Seal, we do not have a judgment, instead we see a period of rest for those who have salvation. We see the rest of the Martyrs who were killed during the early part of the Tribulation. They were killed because of their faith and belief in Christ (the Word of God). Here these martyrs are now in heaven under the altar, which signifies a place of peace, protection and rest.

So, we see in the 5th Seal, the slain martyrs making a request to satisfy a desire they had, avenging their deaths. Likewise, in the 5th Saying, Jesus makes a request to satisfy a need He had because of the death He was experiencing, “I am thirsty.”

Interestingly enough, this Saying was related the what was prophesized of the crucifixion in Psa 22, specifically Verse 15, “My strength is dried up like a potsherd, And my tongue cleaves to my jaws; And You lay me in the dust of death.”

When we compare Scripture, we see that those who “hunger and thirst for the Word,” will receive what they desire; just as Jesus promises to fulfill the martyr’s request in the 5th Seal, albeit in the Father’s timing.

Mat 5:6, “Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.”

John 4:15, “The woman said to Him, ‘Sir, give me this water, so I will not be thirsty nor come all the way here to draw.’”

John 7:37-39, “Now on the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink. 38“He who believes in Me, as the Scripture said, ‘From his innermost being will flow rivers of living water.’” 39But this He spoke of the Spirit, whom those who believed in Him were to receive; for the Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.”

Rev 22:17, “The Spirit and the bride say, “Come.” And let the one who hears say, “Come.” And let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who wishes take the water of life without cost.”

Rev 6:11b, “they should rest for a little while longer, until the number of their fellow servants and their brethren who were to be killed even as they had been, would be completed also.”

Our last point in understanding the significance of this Saying is found in the background of this Saying. Remember Deity cannot be or get thirsty. So, right away we note that this Saying is emphasizing the Humanity of Jesus Christ.

Emphasis on the humanity of Christ reminds us that He is:

  • The Savior.
  • Our Royal High Priest.
  • Our only Mediator, 1 Tim. 2:5.
  • The King, son of David.

All four of these attributes of Christ are in view in the 5th Seal, as the saved martyrs petition the King for action on their behalf.

“I am thirsty,” signifies who Jesus Christ is, the God / Man, during this brief period of rest.

Sixth Phrase / Saying

John 19:30, “When Jesus therefore had received the sour wine, He said, ‘It is finished!’ And He bowed His head and gave up His spirit.”

The phrase, “It is finished” refers to our salvation. This means that salvation is complete. God has done all the work for us. He gets all the credit for our salvation. This means that we can add nothing to salvation. To add anything to salvation is blasphemy. It is like saying that our Lord’s work on the cross was not enough and is not complete and perfect.

“It is finished” is the Perfect Tense, Passive Voice, Indicative Mood, Third Person, Singular of the Greek word, Teleo or Tetelestai – Τετέλεσται.

Perfect Tense means the action is complete once and for all time.

Passive Voice means the subject receives the action of the verb. In other words, God the Father and Spirit, as we have seen previously, completed the work of Salvation, “It,” in the Humanity of Jesus Christ.

Indicative Mood is a statement of the dogmatic reality of the work being completed.

Third Person tells us that Jesus is referring to Himself.

Singular tells us that Salvation is found in only One person, Jesus Christ.

So, here in the 6th Saying, Jesus is saying the Work for Salvation is completed, with results that continue forever and that Salvation is found only in Him.

Now, the last two Phrases/Sayings that Jesus makes are very closely linked, just as the last two Seals are linked, as were the last two Trials.

To better understand the significance of this saying, we note the other Gospel accounts. This is the only Gospel that notes the exact phrase, but the others note that Jesus “cried out” at this time, and show us earthly results upon completion of the last two Sayings.

Remember that the Gospel of John was written to identify Jesus Christ as the Son of God to Christians. So, this is in view, as we note this phrase in other Gospels.

In both Mat 27:50-54 and Mark 15:37-39, the last two cries are not identified but are held as generic. They both emphasize the results of the cry.

In Luke 23:44-47, we have the second half of the “Cry” Jesus made at this time, which also emphasizes the results.

What are the results? Darkness, earthquake, the veil torn in two. All are the result of the bloodshed on the Cross.

What is the 6h Seal about? It is a scourging of the world for the rejection of the saving work of Christ where we see darkness, earthquake, blood, and the heavens and mountains being torn in two.

As stated before, the 6th Seal is closely linked to the Seven Trumpet Judgments found in the 7th Seal, which is a continuation of the scourging. So, just as the 6th Trial resulted in the scourging of Jesus, the 6th Saying and 6th Seal result in the scourging of the world.

To further emphasize the correlation, this was prophesized by Jesus, as a result of the 6th Trial during His journey to Golgotha in Luke 23:28-31.

So, as the “Torn Veil” signified entrance to the Holy of Holies, “It is finished” signifies our entrance to the Holiness of the Holies (God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit).

The 6th Phrase also reveals that the sin problem has been resolved. Sin is no longer an issue with God. The issue is now your volition. What do you think of Christ? Will you believe in Him or will you reject Him?

Because the world rejected the saving work of Christ, the world receives the 6th Seal Judgment in the hopes that they wake them up to the Saving knowledge of Christ before they are finished!

Seventh Phrase / Saying

Luke 23:46, “And Jesus, crying out with a loud voice, said, “Father, into Your hands I commit My human spirit.” And having said this, He breathed His last.”

The first thing we note is that the Lord Jesus Christ died voluntarily, John 10:17-18. The work of salvation had been completed at this point. His work had been accomplished for which He had been sent.

Our Lord’s saving work on the cross resulted in:

  • The Propitiation of God the Father.
  • Our Redemption from the Slave Market of Sin.
  • Our Reconciliation to God.
  • His Resurrection, Ascension, and Session, seated at the Right Hand of God.

To better understand the 7th Saying in relation to the Seventh Seal, we compare this to our other comparisons.

  • On the 7th Day of Creation God did what? He rested = Propitiation.
  • In the 7th Trial, it was the Trial by God the Father in Judgment of the sins of the world = Redemption.
  • In the 7th Praise to our Lord in Rev 5:12 the Praise was what? Eulogia which means, “praise and blessings in the eternal state” = Reconciliation.
  • In the 7th Message to the 7th Church – Laodicea, the Promise to the Overcomer is to “Sit down with Me on My throne,” because Jesus is “The AMEN, the True and Faithful Witness, the Beginning of the Creation of God” = Resurrection.

These all combine to tell us what it means when Jesus said, “Into your hands I commit My Spirit.”

When we commit ourselves to God, we will have rest due to the forgiveness of our sins and receive praise and blessing in the eternal state, as we are seated with Christ on His Throne, because of the completed work of Jesus Christ and our faith in Him.

So, in comparison to the 7th Saying, we turn to the 7th Trumpet Judgment of the 7th Seal Judgment, Rev 11:15-19. Here both The Father and the Son share the kingdom (throne) of the world, rewards are given to believers, and the temple of God is open for eternal access. Because the world did not commit itself to God and rejected the completed work of Christ, the 7th Seal Judgment is brought on culminating in lost opportunity of salvation and loss of rewards.

XIV. Doctrine of the Seven Feasts of Israel Compared to the Seven Seal Judgments.

Definition: The word “feast” is derived from the Hebrew noun CHAGAG, which means, “to dance, to jump, to be happy, to celebrate.”

Feasts were designed to commemorate the grace of God. They were also a test to see how much Doctrine the believer had in his soul.

The First Four Feasts are related to the First Advent of Jesus Christ. The Last Three are related to the Second Advent of Christ.

1.)  Passover, the fourteenth of April (Nisan/Abib), 1441 B.C.; Ex 12:1-14, 21-28; Lev 23:5.

This feast portrayed the work of Christ on the cross, with emphasis on Redemption. The sacrificial lamb for the Passover was selected on the 10th and eaten on the 14th of the month. Just as Christ entered the city on the 10th (Palm Sunday – Tearful entry) and was crucified on the 14th (Passover). When they killed the lamb, they took hyssop and dipped it in the blood of the Lamb and sprinkled it on their door post on top and the sides, giving the picture of the cross.

1 Cor 5:7, “Clean out the old leaven so that you may be a new lump, just as you are in fact unleavened. For Christ our Passover also has been sacrificed.”

This Feast portrayed freedom from slavery and the establishment of the new client nation Israel. The Passover emphasized redemption, the cross, and the road to glory in the super-grace life. The Passover connoted the beginning of God’s plan.

In relation to the 1st Seal, we see that this Feast was brought on at the final stage of the plagues in Egypt. These plagues were the result of God establishing His authority over all, but specifically over the Pharaoh of Egypt. As we know from scripture, Moses was His servant who was given the opportunity to demonstrate God’s Authority. So, we see that this last plague is associated with the establishment of God’s Authority resulting in the freedom of the Israelites.

In Exodus 12:3, in relation to the lambs to be sacrificed, it reads, “According to their Father’s households.” This is an interesting phrase and provides for us another indication that authority is in view, because the father is the head of the household and holds the authority of the family.

Next in Exodus 12:12, God provides more clues that Authority is in view during the last of the 10 plagues:

  • “Death to the first-born in the family.” The first born is the next in line of Authority.
  • “Judgment against the gods of Egypt.” There are no other gods before Him.
  • “I am the Lord.” There is only One God.

Finally, in Exodus 12:27, we have a result of the plague that also indicates respect for Authority. This verse tells us what the people did, they “bow low and worship.” That means they are honoring Gods Authority. Anytime you approach a throne, what is the custom? To bow. When you bow, you are indicating respect for their Authority. So, we see our comparison again.

Because the world has rejected the Authority and freedom that is found in God, as Pharaoh did at first, the world receives the Antichrist in the pretense of freedom, but in actuality will be enslaved to him.

2.)  Unleavened Bread, April (Nisan) 15 21. Ex 12:15-20

1 Cor 5:7-8, “Clean out the old leaven so that you may be a new lump, just as you are in fact unleavened. For Christ our Passover also has been sacrificed. 8Therefore let us celebrate the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.”

This feast lasted for 7-days, and it occurred immediately after the Passover. Unleavened bread represents the burial of Jesus Christ and fellowship with God. This feast taught that all Israel is not Israel. To be true Israel, you had to believe in Jesus Christ, Lev 23:6-7 (“you shall eat” = believe).

It portrayed phase two or living grace, which is everything God provides to keep you alive in Satan’s world, 1 Cor 5:8. It also portrayed the hypostatic union of Christ, for Jesus Christ is called the Bread of life. So, unleavened bread also emphasizes the impeccability of the humanity of Christ in His prototype power system; therefore, His qualification to be “our sin offering.”

You would think this would be associated with the 3rd Seal, but for good reason it is not. We have a better tie in to the 3rd Seal with the 3rd Feast. While the emphasis is on bread, the greater emphasis is on the type of bread, and that is our tie in to the 2nd Seal. Unleavened bread showed the removal of sin. Leaven is typology for sin in the Bible. When you have sin, you are at enmity with God. When you have sin removed, you are now at peace with God. Our 3rd Seal talks about the removal of worldly peace because of the rejection of the Gospel of Peace found in Christ, who is the Bread of Life, who Himself was without sin (impeccable).

This Feast was a 7-day Feast. “Seven” is the number of Spiritual Perfection in the Bible. So again, we see that when sin is removed from our account, we are spiritually perfected by God, and therefore are at peace with Him.

In Exodus 12:15 & 19, it tells us that those that keep leaven (sin) will be cut off. This tells us that those who don’t have the removal of sin from their account will be cut off, (i.e. thrown into the Eternal Lake of Fire).

In Exodus 12:17, it tells us that this Feast was a celebration about being taken out of Slavery, just as the believer is freed from the Slave Market of Sin when He first believes in Christ. We are given freedom and peace.

Because the world rejects the peace found in Jesus Christ, the world receives the 3rd Seal of the removal of worldly peace.

3.)  First Fruits occurred on the 1st Sunday after the Passover. It typically fell on the 3rd day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, Lev 23:9-14.

In our Lord’s Day, this Feast came on a Sunday. This Feast portrayed the resurrection of our Lord who is the First Fruits. This Feast indicated that only those who were regenerate in Israel would live in the future to receive the Unconditional Covenants. 1 Cor 15:20-23.

This was a Feast where they waved the 1st of the harvest before the Lord, Lev 23:10-11. The 1st produce waved was “Barley.” “Barley” is also a main figure in the 3rd Seal Judgment along with Wheat, which we’ll see in the 4th Feast.

In this Feast, they also offered a Male Lamb, as do the other Feasts, signifying Jesus Christ and His completed work. Yet, in Lev 23:13, we see for the first time, an offering that combines three elements. In this offering “Grain, Oil, and Wine” are combined, just as we see these three combined in the 3rd Seal.

This feast symbolized the consecration of the entire harvest to God, as well as the harvest to come. This speaks to the various, Resurrections of the Family of God.

1 Cor 15:20, “But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep.”

James 1:18, “In the exercise of His will He brought us forth by the word of truth, so that we would be a kind of first fruits among His creatures.”

Rev 14:4-5, “These, (144,000 Jews), have been purchased from among men as first fruits to God and to the Lamb. 5And no lie was found in their mouth; they are blameless.”

Rom 8:23, “And not only this, but also we ourselves, having the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting eagerly for our adoption as sons, the redemption of our body.”

In 1 Cor 16:15-16, God tells us to work and labor in the word for Him versus laboring in the world, as we see man doing in the 3rd Seal. So, in waving the 1st grain harvest before the Lord, they praised God for His logistical grace blessings and promise of resurrection.

Because the world rejected the Bread of Life, (i.e. the grain offering of God for mankind’s sake), the unbelieving world receives the famine of the grain products.

4.)  Pentecost (Feast of Weeks) was a one-day feast in the 1st week in June.

This feast occurred exactly 50-days after the Feast of First Fruits, Lev 23:15-21. Hence, it occurred sometime during the 1st week in June. It represented the beginning of the 5th Cycle of discipline for the Jews and their dispersion. It represented the beginning of the Church Age and the times of the Gentiles. Our Lord was resurrected 40-days after the Passover. 10-days later, the Church Age began on the Day of Pentecost, signified by the Baptism of the Spirit, which forms the Royal Family of God.

Pentecost was another celebration of the harvest. At Pentecost, they brought two loaves of wheat bread with leaven to be presented to the Lord. This is the first time we see two loaves offered.

This gives us an immediate correlation to the 4th Seal, where we have two groups involved, (Death and Hades). This is similar to what we have seen in our other comparisons of the 4th Seal.

  • In the 4th Day of Creation, the sun and moon were created.
  • In the 4th Trial of our Lord, two groups were involved, Jews and Gentiles.
  • In the 4th Saying of Jesus on the Cross, we have two attributes of God the Father addressed in “My God, My God,” speaking of His Holiness and Omnipotence.
  • So, by no coincidence do we again see two objects involved in the offering of the 4th

But our comparison doesn’t stop there.

Having two parties involved tells us of the Jewish Law. In Deut 17:6, two witnesses must present evidence in order to bring a guilty verdict against the accused. Romans 1:19-20 tells us what the two witnesses are that allow God to bring a guilty verdict against the unbeliever.

Rom 1:19, “Because that which is known about God is evident within them; for God made it evident to them.”

Here we have the 1st witness against the unbeliever, the ministry of God the Holy Spirit to work on the soul of every member of the human race to bring them to salvation consciousness.

Then in Rom 1:20, “For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made,”

The 2nd witness is in nature itself. God’s creation is capable and sufficient to bring every member of the human race to Creator (Jesus Christ) consciousness for salvation.

And notice the last phrase “so that they are without excuse.” No one will have an excuse for not believing in Christ, and the two witnesses will be the evidence against him or her. Just as it will be evidence for the righteousness of the Seal Judgments.

Then in Lev 23:19, we see two offerings required, one for Sin and the other for Peace. In Verse 22, they are to leave some of the harvest; 1) the corners and 2) the gleaning, for 1) the poor and 2) the foreigners.

Do you see the correlation to the Trials and Sayings? Is God’s word awesome or what?

  • Pause in the Feasts. After the Feast of Pentecost, we have several months with no Feasts. The gap between Pentecost and the Feast of Trumpets is 3-months. This time gap represented the Mystery Age of the Church, during which the Royal Family is being called out.

Intercalation means, “insertion.” This time period is called the intercalation, when the Church Age is inserted into the Jewish Age. A New Dispensation, the Church Age, was inserted into history. The Church Age is the intensified stage of the Angelic Conflict. The Church Age as an intercalated dispensation was unknown to any Old Testament writer, Rom 16:25-26; Eph 3:1-6; Col 1:25-26. Doctrines pertaining to the Church Age are not found in the Old Testament. No Church Age Doctrine was ever revealed prior to the universal indwelling of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost, except for some principles taught by Christ, as in the upper room discourse.

Bible Doctrine pertinent to the Church Age is intercalated by the New Testament Epistles.

The Old Testament reveals Prophetic Doctrine that covered the time until the session of Christ, then it skips the Church Age, and resumes with Revelation about the Tribulation, Second Advent, and Millennium. All during the time of the Old Testament, there were no Feasts during this period (except in apostasy when some holidays were added).

So, we have a pause or interval in the Feasts, which also correlates to the Seal Judgments, as the 5th Seal is a pause in the Judgments.

5.)  The Feast of Trumpets 1st day of the 7th month, September (Tishri), Lev 23:23-25; Num 29:1-6

This Feast represented the termination of the Fifth Cycle of discipline to Israel. It represented the regathering of Israel. It represented the establishment of Israel as a nation, Isa 5:26-30; 10:19-23; 11:11-16; 14:1-3; 60:4-6; Joel 2:16ff; Zech 10:6-12.

Isa 14:3, “And it will be in the day when the LORD gives you rest from your pain and turmoil and harsh service in which you have been enslaved.”

Since Israel was dispersed during the Church Age, our Lord first regathers Israel at the 2nd Advent. Then He judges the unbelievers, resurrects the Old Testament believers and Tribulational Martyrs, and brings them with Him into the Millennium. In relation to Christ and the Church, this Feast represents the Rapture of the Church. So, this was the Assembly feast.

In relation to the Seals, I find it very interesting what occurred here. In all the other Feasts, there are details about the offerings and processes in Leviticus. Then we have the Feast of Trumpets, where all that is said in Leviticus is rest, remembered by blowing trumpets and make an offering.

This is just what the Tribulation Martyr’s do in the 5th Seal; they rest, as will the Tribulation saints who enter into the Millennium. Later on, in Numbers we see more details, but the emphasis is found in the First Mention in Leviticus.

6.)  The Feast of Atonement, 10th day of 7th month (Tishri), Lev 23:26-32; Num 29:7-11.

This feast represented the fulfillment of the Four Unconditional Covenants to Israel: the Abrahamic, Davidic, Palestinian, and New Covenants (a people, a throne, a land, and a nation respectfully).

These covenants will be fulfilled for Born Again Jews only, not simply to racial Jews. This means that believers of the Old Testament are resurrected at the 2nd Advent to go into the Millennium, in order that they might realize the fulfillment of the Unconditional Covenants.

Tribulational believers alive at the 2nd Advent live into the Millennium to repopulate the earth. While “all Israel is not Israel,” the Born-Again Jew is eternally saved through faith in Christ, and He will have the land and the Covenants forever. God must keep His word, especially in an Unconditional Covenant.

Unconditional means, “these covenants require nothing from man to be fulfilled and executed.”

The New Testament commentary on this Feast (known today as Yom Kippur) is found in Rom 3:23-26 and Heb 9:24-28. Christ will fulfill this feast at His 2nd Advent.

We see the meaning of this feast related to the 6th Seal Judgment in Lev. 23:27 and Num 29:7. On this day, the people are to humble themselves, and in Lev 23:28 make atonement or expiation. Their Sacrifices for Atonement were only a covering until Christ would come, because only the Lord Jesus Christ can make Atonement for the sinner, and the sinner must humble himself to receive the expiation found in Christ.

In Lev 23:29, those who do not humble themselves are cutoff.

In Vs. 30, those who try to atone or expiate themselves through works are destroyed.

So, we see our comparison to the 6th Seal Judgment. Because the world did not humble itself and receive the atonement for its sins, the wrath of the Lamb in the 6th Seal is fully revealed to the arrogant world.

7.)  The Feast of Tabernacles. 15th day of the 7th Month (Tishri), Lev 23:33-44; Num 29:12-40.

This feast lasted 7-days and represented the perfect environment of the Millennial rule of Christ, Lev 23:33-43; Zech 14:9 & 16. Satan and his demons are gone, Rev 20. Optimum spirituality will exist, Isa 65:24; Joel 2:28-29. Israel is restored as a nation, and the four unconditional covenants are fulfilled. There will be perfect objectivity in the administration of justice. At the end of the Millennium, there is a revolt of unbelievers who have no capacity for life or freedom, Rev 20.

First off in Lev 23:34 and Num 29:12-34, this 7th Feast lasted 7-days with 7 separate offerings each day. Here we see our comparisons, first to the 7 trials for Jesus Christ, where the 7th Trial led to the 7 Sayings on the Cross, and secondly to the 7 Seal Judgments where the 7th Seal leads to 7 Trumpet Judgments. Again there is no coincidence to these comparisons.

In Lev 23:35-36, there are two great assemblies on the 1st and 8th day, just as there will be at the end of Tribulation for the unbeliever (Sheep and Goat assembly) prior to the beginning of the Millennium and one at the conclusion, the Great White Throne Judgment. Rev 11:18; 20:12

In Lev 23:39, they would gather in the crops and then rest at the beginning and rest at the end. This speaks to the Rapture or Resurrection of the Church at the beginning of the Tribulation and the Old Testament Saints at the End of the Tribulation. Likewise, for those who have rejected Christ, there will be a gathering (Armageddon) with no eternal rest. Rev 14:18-20

In Lev 23:43, Booths are used to show the world the difference between God’s Divine Providence and Satan’s cosmic system providence. God’s being eternal and lasting; Satan’s being temporary and fleeting.

Likewise, the 7th Seal is for the world to take notice of its rejection of God’s Divine Providence, and for God to provide one last attempt with hope to gather out from the world as many believers as possible during the Tribulation.

Summary of Our Comparisons Related to the Third Seal

1) Numerology helps define this scene. The number three is prominent here, which stands for Divine Completeness.

2) Colors are used in the First Four Seals and have meaning in the Bible. The color “black” is in view in the 3rd Seal depicting “famine.”

3) The word “Seal(s)” is mentioned four times in Revelation 5.

How are the references in Chapter 5 related to the first four references to “seal” of Chapter 6?

In Rev. 5:5 the humanity of Christ is worthy to open the scroll because of His sacrifice.

4) The events of Rev. 6 compared to Christ’s Sermon on the Mountain, speaking about end times in Mat 24:3-28; Mark 13, and Luke 21:7-19.

5) Each of the Four Living Creatures are represented in the First Four Seals, what is their importance?  The 3rd Living Creature had the face of a man; the Humanity of Christ, God in the flesh to be eaten.

6) The Lead Tribes of Israel represented each Living Creature. The lead tribesmen names say something about Christ and the First Four Seal Judgments. The 3rd Tribe was that of Reuben and his Banner had the image of a Man (w/ Simeon and Gad tribes following). Reuben’s name means “Behold a Son.” The 3rd Seal represents worldwide famine. The world rejected the Son of Man and His saving spiritual sustenance that is found in His body; therefore, the world receives the Judgment of Physical Famine.

7) How are the Four-Fold Praises for Rev 5:13 related to the Seals in Chapter 5 and 6? Here we compare the 3rd Seal with the 3rd Praise of Rev 5:13, which is Glory, which is the revealed Righteousness and Justice of God, John 1:14.

8) There is a Seven-Fold Message to the Seven Churches in Revelation 2 and 3.

The 3rd Message was to the 3rd Church at Pergamum (Wedded), Rev 2:12-17.

A) The Message about Christ:

1.) “The One who has the sharp two-edged sword.”

B) The encouragement to the church:

1.) Hold fasts My name.

2.) Did not deny My faith.

3.) Change your way of thinking.

C) The problem with the Church:

1.) Satan’s throne.

2.) The Teaching of Balaam, 2 Peter 2:1-22; Num. 25 & 31.

a.) Stumbling block – Grieving the Spirit.

b.) Eat things sacrificed to idols – Moral degeneracy.

c.) Acts of Immorality – Immoral degeneracy.

3.) The teaching of the Nicolaitans – Gnosticism.

D) The Promise of Blessings:

1.) Hidden Manna – Intimacy with Christ based on sharing His Word.

2.) White Stone – Access and Privileges in the eternal state.

3.) New Secret Name – Identification with the Person of Christ.

9) There was a Seven-Fold Praise by the angels in Rev 5:12. The 3rd praise was “Wisdom,” being led by the Word and Spirit.

10) The Seven Days of Creation tell us something about the Seven Seal Judgments. In the 3rd Day, “dry land” came forth from the waters and plant life with fruit and “seed” is created and emphasized. The dry land represents the Resurrection of Jesus Christ and the seed is the Word of God to be sown again. Christ’s parable of the Seed and the Sower, Luke 8, tells us “the seed is the Word of God”, the Bread of Life Jesus Christ. Luke 8:11

11) Seven Results of the Baptism of the Spirit related to the Seven Seal Judgments. The 3rd result of the Baptism of the Holy Spirit is “election of the Royal Family of God (R.F. of God),” Eph 5:30-32; 1 Peter 2:5 & 9. The Election of the R.F. of God speaks to our eternal status, care and sustenance. We are elected because of our positive volition toward the Word of God, the Gospel Message. Because the “world” had rejected the opportunity for election, the head of a family will not be able to care and provide for his family during the 3rd Seal Judgment, Rev 6:5-6.

12) The Seven Trials of Jesus Christ related to the Seven Seal Judgments. The 3rd Trial was before the Jewish Council, Luke 22:66-71. In that trial we note, “…For we have heard it ourselves from His own mouth.” In this trial, The Word of God is once again in view. The world does not believe The Word, as the Pharisees did not, and therefore God allows the Judgment of the scarcity of grain products (bread) so that earthly sustenance is shown not to have any power for true life.

13) The Seven Sayings of Jesus Christ on the Cross, related to the Seven Seal Judgments. The 3rd Saying is found in John 19:25-27, “Woman, behold, your son!” Then He said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” And from that hour the disciple took her into his own household.” Our Lord was obeying the Word of God to every jot and tittle. He obeyed the Word of the Mosaic Law, “Honor your father and mother,” Ex. 20:12. In the 3rd Saying, Jesus is by word providing for His family, just as the 3rd Trial had to do with the Word of God. In 3rd Seal, a father will not be able to care for his family due to the grain famine. This is the Judgment for rejecting the spiritual provisions of God the Father by providing the Bread of Life in His Son.

14) Doctrine of the Seven Feasts of Israel compared to the Seven Seal Judgments. The 3rd Feast is the Feast of First Fruits, Lev 23:9-14; Num 28:26. This feast portrayed the Resurrection of our Lord who is the First Fruits. This ties in with the 3rd Day of Creation too. In this Feast, they waved the 1st of the harvest before the Lord, Lev 23:10-11. The 1st produce waved was Barley, as also seen in the 3rd Seal along with wheat, which we’ll see in the 4th Feast. This feast symbolized the consecration of the entire harvest to God, as well as the harvest to come and speaks to the various resurrections of the Family of God. In waving the 1st grain harvest before the Lord, they praised God for His logistical grace blessings and promise of resurrection. Because the world rejected the Bread of Life, (i.e. the grain offering of God for mankind’s sake), the unbelieving world receives the famine of the grain products.

So, concludes our 14 Point Comparisons to the 3rd Seal Judgment. Clearly the rejection of the Bread of Life (Jesus Christ) is the reason for this Judgment.

Read Part V Here


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