Night / Darkness in Relation to Evil

Night darkness relation to evil

Doctrine of Night

1)  John 13:30, “it kept on being night,” symbolically signifies the darkness of Judas’ heart, his soul was black as night. This then was the hour for the power of darkness to perform, Luke 22:53.

Luke 22:53, “While I was with you daily in the temple, you did not lay hands on Me; but this hour and the power of darkness are yours.”

Eph 6:12, “For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the powers, against the world forces of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places.

Judas knew the significance of the morsel, yet he chose to continue in his rejection of the Messiah and instead desired 30 pieces of silver. Therefore, he rushed down the road of sin. He was drawn away by his lusts and ambition. Once his lust had conceived, it brought forth sin. When the sin was complete or full [PLEROO – πληρόω (play-ro’-o)], it brought forth his death, James 1:14-15; cf. Mat 27:5; Acts 1:18.

James 1:14-17, “But each one is tempted when he is carried away and enticed by his own lust. 15Then when lust has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is accomplished, it brings forth death. 16Do not be deceived, my beloved brethren. 17Every good thing given and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shifting shadow.”

2) As Judas, the unbeliever became like the night in darkness in his betrayal, our Lord is the Light come into the world, Psa 104:20; cf. John 8:12; 9:5.

Psa 104:20, “You appoint darkness and it becomes night, in which all the beasts of the forest prowl about.”

John 8:12, “Then Jesus again spoke to them, saying, ‘I am the Light of the world; he who follows Me will not walk in the darkness, but will have the Light of life’.”

John 9:5, “While I am in the world, I am the Light of the world.”

3) The contrast between light and darkness is first noted in the restoration of planet earth, Gen 1:2-5.

Gen 1:2-5, “The earth was [TOHU WAW BOHU] formless and void (waste and emptiness), and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving (hovering) over the surface of the waters. 3Then God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light. 4God saw that the light was good; and God separated the light from the darkness. God called the light day, and the darkness He called night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day.”

The restoration of light to creation typifies the incarnation of the Son of God who is the Light of the world, John 12:35-36, 46.

John 12:35, “So Jesus said to them, “For a little while longer the Light is among you. Walk while you have the Light, so that darkness will not overtake you; he who walks in the darkness does not know where he goes. 36While you have the Light, believe in the Light, so that you may become sons of Light.””

John 12:46, “I have come as Light into the world, so that everyone who believes in Me will not remain in darkness.”

4) The believer in Christ is also the light of the world, Mat 5:14-16.  The believer is reflecting the Light of the world, the Lord Jesus Christ when he is in fellowship with God, by obeying the Father’s will as it is revealed by the Spirit through the communication of the Word of God, Phil 2:15.

Philippians 2:15, “So that you will prove yourselves to be blameless and innocent, children of God above reproach in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom you appear as lights in the world.”

5) Light and darkness are used as an analogy of separation, Gen 1:14-19, (There we also see the analogy of the believer as reflecting the light of Christ.).

Likewise, the believer is to be separated from evil, Rom 13:12; 2 Cor 6:14; Eph 5:8-17; Col 1:13; 1 Thess 5:4-10; 1 Peter 2:9; 1 John 1:5-6; 2:9-11.

Rom 13:12, “The night is almost gone, and the day is near. Therefore let us lay aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light. 13Let us behave properly as in the day, not in carousing and drunkenness, not in sexual promiscuity and sensuality, not in strife and jealousy. 14But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh in regard to its lusts.”

6) Evil loves the darkness and hates the light; Job 24:13; John 1:5; 3:16-21; 8:12; 12:35, 46.

Job 24:13, “Others have been with those who rebel against the light; they do not want to know its ways nor abide in its paths. 14The murderer arises at dawn; he kills the poor and the needy, and at night he is as a thief.”

John 1:5, “The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.”

John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life. 17For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world might be saved through Him. 18He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. 19This is the judgment, that the Light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the Light, for their deeds were evil. 20For everyone who does evil hates the Light, and does not come to the Light for fear that his deeds will be exposed. 21But he who practices the truth comes to the Light, so that his deeds may be manifested as having been wrought in God.”

7) Darkness exists in the thought pattern of the soul. Evil and degeneracy start with a thought, Mat 6:23; 15:18-19.

Mat 6:23, “But if your eye is evil, the entire body is full of darkness (cosmic involvement).”

Mat 15:18-19 “But the things that proceed out of the mouth come from the heart (right lobe of the soul), and those defile the man. For out of the heart comes evil thoughts.”

8) Fear is related to Darkness, Gen 15:12; Exo 10:21-22; Job 15:22-24; John 3:19-20.

Gen 15:12, “Now when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and behold, terror and great darkness fell upon him.”

This passage is a prophecy of the darkness that would befall Israel, “sun going down,” in her decline as a people, leading to the rejection of the Messiah.  “A deep sleep” is analogous to death.  “Terror and great darkness” speaks to the fear of death, especially a death that results in eternity in Sheol.  In comparison with Hebrews 2:15, we see that this is the mental attitude of the legalist who through fear maintain their false religious systems. Christ came to free man of that fear by bringing light to the darkness.

9) John presents the conflict between light and darkness. Light symbolizes salvation, holiness, and life; while darkness stands for condemnation, sin, and death. John speaks of four different kinds of darkness:

Mental darknessJohn 1:5-8, 26, the minds of sinners are blinded by Satan, 2 Cor 4:3-6, and they cannot see spiritual truths.

Moral darknessJohn 3:18-21, the unsaved love sin and hate the light.

Judicial darknessJohn 12:35-36, if men don’t obey the light, God sends the darkness and Christ is hidden from them.

Eternal darknessJohn 12:46, to “remain” in darkness means to live in hell forever.

In John 12:42-50, he quotes Christ and shows why many people reject the light. Some reject Christ because of the fear of man, verses 42-43.  Rev 21:8 lists the kind of people who will go to hell, and at the head of the list are the fearful.

10) Judgment is related to darkness, Deut 28:29; 1 Sam 2:9; Prov 20:20; Isa 5:20; Mat 8:12; 22:13; 25:30, (the outer darkness); 2 Peter 2:4, 17; Jude 1:6, 13.

Isa 5:20, “Woe to those who call evil good, and good evil; who substitute darkness for light and light for darkness; who substitute bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter!”

11) Light is given to overcome evil (darkness) and protect the believer, Prov 2:10-15; Acts 26:18; John 11:9; Col 1:12.

Rom 12:9, “Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor what is evil; cling to what is good.”

Acts 26:18, “To open their eyes so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the dominion of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who have been sanctified by faith in Me.’”

John 11:9-10, “Jesus answered, “Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day, he does not stumble, because he sees the light of this world. 10But if anyone walks in the night, he stumbles, because the light is not in him.””

Prov 2:10-15, “For wisdom will enter your heart and knowledge will be pleasant to your soul; 11discretion will guard you, understanding will watch over you, 12to deliver you from the way of evil, from the man who speaks perverse things; 13from those who leave the paths of uprightness to walk in the ways of darkness; 14Who delight in doing evil and rejoice in the perversity of evil; 15whose paths are crooked, and who are devious in their ways.”

Eccl 2:13-14, “And I saw that wisdom excels folly as light excels darkness. 14The wise man’s eyes are in his head, but the fool walks in darkness.”

12) Bible Doctrine resident in the Soul protects the believer from the evils of darkness. 2 Sam 22:29; Psa 18:28; Prov 2:10-15; 2 Cor 4:6

2 Sam 22:29 & Psa 18:28, “For You are my lamp, O LORD; and the LORD illumines my darkness.”

  • The Balance of Residency of the soul [Maximum Bible doctrine in the soul ready for application plus the filling of God the Holy Spirit; i.e., residence, function, momentum inside God’s Power System (GPS)] avoids thinking evil. It takes lots of Bible doctrine to reject evil, Prov 23:7-9.

2 Cor 4:6, “For God, who said, “Light shall shine out of darkness,” is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the Light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.”

13) There will be no night or darkness in the eternal kingdom

Doctrine of Darkness

Believers, as all believers, used to walk outside of God’s Plan, when they were unbelievers inside of Satan’s cosmic kingdom, termed here as “darkness,” SKOTOS, σκότος meaning, “dark, darkness, or gloom.”

SKOTOS is used here and in vs. 11, as well as elsewhere in Scripture. Here it is in the Predicate Nominative, Neuter, Singular. It addresses evil and death by a lesser term, “darkness.” In classical Greek writings, darkness typically implied the inability to see and thus the inability to know how to walk, John 12:35. From this, “darkness” implied a sense of anxiety or apprehension of what lay ahead. Therefore, darkness and its ominous character became linked to the ultimate anxiety; death. Therefore, we see the unbeliever who walks in their spiritually dead state, living in sin.

In addition, metaphorically “darkness” denotes “ignorance or obscurity,” and it has come to describe the human condition or behavior that is absent of God and His Word. Therefore, we see darkness representing being ignorant of God’s Word, and light meaning having the awareness of God’s Word, (i.e., being “awake,” vs. 14).

SKOTOS, “darkness,” is used over 30 times in the NT to figuratively depict:

  • Evil as a reality that has power, Luke 22:53.
  • All men are being influenced by the principalities, authorities, and rulers of “darkness,” (Satan’s demonic forces that rule his cosmic system), Eph 6:12.
  • The world and its ways are darkness, but Jesus is the light, John 1:5; 8:12; 12:35.

John 8:12, “Again therefore Jesus spoke to them, saying, “I am the light of the world; he who follows Me shall not walk in the darkness, but shall have the light of life”.”

  • The effects of darkness on men take different forms.
  • In Rom 2:19 it is used of intellectual “darkness,” that refers to moral or spiritual “darkness,” as a result of not knowing God’s Word, Luke 1:79; 11:35; John 3:19; Acts 26:18; 2 Cor 6:14; Col 1:13; 1 Thes 5:4-5; 1 Peter 2:9; 1 John 1:6.
  • In Mat 6:22ff. Jesus taught that the “sound eye” permits light’s entrance, but the “evil eye” makes the whole body “darkness.” Here darkness is evil and “sound” is light and good.
  • In our passage it depicts those who were previously spiritually dead and devoid of God’s Word, “in darkness,” but now they “are light,” i.e., spiritually alive, born again, and have Bible doctrine in their souls.
  • Other passages referring to the unbeliever in a state of darkness include, 1 Sam 2:9; Isa 42:7; 49:9; John 8:12; 13:30; Rom 1:21; Col 1:13.

John 13:30, “it kept on being night”, symbolically signifies the darkness of Judas Iscariot’s heart, his soul was black as night. This then was the hour for the power of darkness to perform, cf. Luke 22:53.

Luke 22:53, “While I was with you daily in the temple, you did not lay hands on Me; but this hour and the power of darkness are yours.”

  • The contrast between light and darkness is first noted in the restoration of planet earth, Gen 1:2-5.
  • Darkness exists in the thought pattern of the soul. Evil and degeneracy start with a thought, Mat 6:23; 15:18-19.

Mat 6:23, “But if your eye is evil, the entire body is full of darkness (cosmic involvement).”

  • Evil loves the darkness and hates the light; Job 24:13; John 1:5; 3:16-21; 8:12:12:35, 46.
  • Going from darkness to light begins by faith in Jesus Christ, and is the work of God, Isa 9:2; Mat 4:16; Acts 26:18; Col 1:13.

Mat 4:16, that quotes Isa 9:2 says, “THE PEOPLE WHO WERE SITTING (living) IN DARKNESS SAW A GREAT LIGHT, AND TO THOSE WHO WERE SITTING IN THE LAND AND SHADOW OF DEATH, UPON THEM A LIGHT DAWNED.”

Acts 26:18, “To open their eyes so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the dominion of Satan to God, in order that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who have been sanctified by faith in Me.”

Col 1:13, “For He delivered us from the domain of darkness, and transferred us to the kingdom of His beloved Son.”

  • Bible Doctrine resident in the Soul protects the believer from the evils of darkness, 2 Sam 22:29; Psa 18:28; Prov 2:10-15; 2 Cor 4:6

2 Sam 22:29 and Psa 18:28, “For You are my lamp, O LORD; and the LORD illumines my darkness.”

2 Cor 4:6, “For God, who said, “Light shall shine out of darkness,” is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the Light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.”

  • Having been removed from the domain of darkness, we are to be heralds of God and our Lord, 1 Peter 2:9.

1 Peter 2:9, “But you are A CHOSEN RACE, A royal PRIESTHOOD, A HOLY NATION, A PEOPLE FOR God’s OWN POSSESSION, that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light.”

  • Those in the light have nothing in common with those living in darkness, 2 Cor 6:14; Eph 5:11; 1 Thes 5:4.
  • Judgement is related to darkness, Deut 28:29; 1 Sam 2:9; Prov 20:20; Isa 5:20; Mat 8:12; 22:13; 25:30, (the outer darkness); 2 Peter 2:4, 17; Jude 1:6, 13.

Isa 5:20, “Woe to those who call evil good, and good evil; who substitute darkness for light and light for darkness; who substitute bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter!”

  • Ultimately, darkness will be the punishment of the wicked, that is, separation from God, 2 Peter 2:17; Jude 13, and in that place of punishment there will be “weeping and gnashing of teeth,” Mat 8:12.
  • Those whose names are written in the Book of Life will live where there is no darkness, i.e., “night,” Rev 21:25; 22:5.
  • There the influences and effects of “darkness” are forever conquered by the Lamb who is the “light” of the city, Rev 21:23, and His glory will shine over His redeemed, Rev 22:5.

Now that the soul is saved, the condition of the unbeliever’s soul should no longer exist. As unbelievers we were in darkness, yet now our soul is saved as of the moment we believe in Jesus Christ, therefore light ought to characterize the soul. As we will see, light refers to Bible doctrine in the soul. If the believer lives a normal Christian life and functions in a normal, progressive, growing way, then he will have light in the soul.