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John 14:27-31, Peace, Sharing the Happiness of God – Problem Solving Device 11. (This is achieved by doing the will of God even in the midst of opposition from Satan’s cosmic system.)
Outline of John 14 (Upper Room Discourse)
- Vs. 1-3, The Promise of Eternal Security. Pt 13
- Vs. 4-6, The Way, Truth and Life. Pt 14
- Vs. 7-11, Faith Application – The Fellowship of the Father and the Son. Pt 15
- Vs. 12, The Church Age Believer Will Accomplish Greater Things. Pt 16
- Vs. 13-14, Prayer as an Example of Confidence in our Spiritual Life. Pt 17
- Vs. 15, Occupation with the Lord Jesus Christ, Pt. 18
- Vs. 16-17, Promised Indwelling of the Helper (God the Holy Spirit). Pt 19
- Vs. 18-21, The Indwelling Spirit as the Basis for our Fellowship with the Father and the Son and Understanding of the Word of God. Pt 20
- Vs. 22-24, Summarizing the Previous Two Topics; Building an Intimate Relationship with the Father and the Son. The Benefits of Guarding Your Soul. Pt 21
- Vs. 25-26, The Teaching Ministry of the Spirit. The Trinity. Pt 22
- Vs. 27-31, Sharing the Happiness of God – Problem Solving Device 11. (This is Achieved by Doing the Will of God Even in the Midst of Opposition from Satan’s Cosmic System.) Pt 23
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Vs. 27-31, Sharing the Happiness of God – Problem Solving Device 11. (This is Achieved by Doing the Will of God Even in the Midst of Opposition from Satan’s Cosmic System.)
John 14:27-31, “Peace I leave with you; My peace I give to you; not as the world gives do I give to you. Do not let your heart be troubled, nor let it be fearful. 28 You heard that I said to you, ‘I go away, and I will come to you.’ If you loved Me, you would have rejoiced because I go to the Father, for the Father is greater than I. 29 Now I have told you before it happens, so that when it happens, you may believe. 30 I will not speak much more with you, for the ruler of the world is coming, and he has nothing in Me; 31 but so that the world may know that I love the Father, I do exactly as the Father commanded Me. Get up, let us go from here.”
The first half of verse 27 in the Greek is: “Εἰρήνην ἀφίημι ὑμῖν, εἰρήνην τὴν ἐμὴν δίδωμι ἐμὴν.”
Greek Transliteration: EIRENEN APHIEMI HUMIN, EIRENEN TEN EMEN DIDOMI HUMIN,
EIRENEN is the Direct Object Accusative, Singular, of EIRENE – εἰρήνη (i-ray’-nay) which means, “peace, harmony, tranquility, benefit, security, safety, prosperity, and happiness.” Here it is referring to the inner peace and happiness the believer gains, through occupation with the person of Jesus Christ, with the result of achieving the supergrace life.
One of the ways Joseph Thayer defines this word is, “Of Christianity, the tranquil state of a soul assured of its salvation through Christ, and so fearing nothing from God and content with its earthly lot, of whatsoever sort that is.”
APHIEMI is a root verb in the Present, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular that has several meanings in regards to the context here of “to leave something behind.” So, we say, “I leave behind.”
HUMIN is the Dative of Advantage, Second Person Plural of SU – σύ (soo) which means,
“you.” Here it means, “to you all.” This refers to the disciples in the Upper Room, but by extension, it is what Christ has left behind for all believers and that is Bible doctrine.
So, we have “Peace I leave behind to you all.” We could also figuratively say, “Supergrace benefit I leave behind,” or “Inner peace and happiness I leave behind.” The Lord Jesus Christ is going to leave us supergrace benefit. How are we going to get it? Bible Doctrine in our soul! There is no other way to get it.
EIRENEN is once again used for “peace,” or supergrace benefit.
TEN is the Accusative, Feminine, First Person, Singular article of HO – ὁ (ho) meaning, “the,” which does not need to be translated here.
EMEN is the Possessive Adjective, in the Accusative, Feminine, First Person, Singular, of EMOS – ἐμός (em-os’) that means, “my or mine.” This is Jesus referring to Himself; telling us the origin of peace which is the mind or thinking of Jesus Christ – Bible doctrine. This is also called Sharing the Happiness of God which is the result of supergrace status in the spiritual life.
So, we say, “My Peace.”
DIDOMI is the root verb in the Present, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular that means, “to give,” where Jesus continues to refer to Himself.
The Present Tense tells us He keeps on giving it.
The Active Voice says that Jesus Christ is producing the action of giving us His peace as a grace gift.
The Indicative Mood is for the realty of Christ’s gift of inner peace and happiness. He gives it through His Word.
So, we say, “I keep on giving.”
HUMIN is the Dative, Second Person, Plural of SU that means, “to you all,” which again referring to the all the disciples in the Upper Room and the Church Age believer by extension.
So, we have, “My peace I keep on giving to you all” or “My supergrace benefit I give to you all.”
So far, we have, “Peace (supergrace benefit) I leave behind to you all, My peace I keep on giving to you all.”
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That leads us to the:
Doctrine of Peace
Peace is the result of having a relationship with God. It is characterized has having inner peace and happiness. It is sharing the happiness of God when the believer is occupied the Lord Jesus Christ.
The relationship with God is established through adjustment to the justice (integrity) of God under three categories:
- Salvation adjustment to the justice of God by faith in Christ, thereby freeing God to give us His perfect righteousness, which permits Him to declare us justified, Rom 5:1; Eph 2:8-9.
Rom 5:1, “Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.”
- Rebound adjustment to the justice of God by acknowledgment of our personal sins, which permits God to forgive us and cleanse us from all unrighteousness, 1 John 1:9-2:2.
- Maturity adjustment to the justice of God by the daily metabolization and application of Bible doctrine, which results in spiritual growth to the point of spiritual maturity and blessing from the justice of God (supergrace status), Col 3:15-16.
Col 3:15, “Let the peace of Christ rule in your hearts, to which indeed you were called in one body; and be thankful.”
Relationship with the integrity of God first means salvation, then fellowship with God, and finally blessing from God as mature believers. All of this adds up to the Greek word EIRENE, which means true blessing and true security.
There can only be one true security in life. It is not through a relationship with anyone else in the world or by the possession of the accouterments of happiness. It is a relationship with the integrity of God Rom 8:6; 14:17, 19. Neither the individual nor a nation has any real security apart from the integrity of God.
Rom 14:17, “For the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.”
EIRENE also means prosperity, and individual prosperity is also related to the integrity of God. Your happiness and blessing has nothing to do with any human relationship or situation in life which you associate with happiness. The integrity of God is the only basis for security, prosperity, blessing, or happiness.
- National prosperity is related to the integrity of God through a large pivot of mature believers.
- Individual prosperity is the result of achieving spiritual maturity a.k.a. the Supergrace life.
- The Supergrace Life results in various blessings or benefits from the grace of God.
Rom 1:7, “To all who are beloved of God in Rome, called as saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.”
Peace and grace go hand in hand as noted in the opening salutations of most of the epistles. As noted above, without the grace of God, there can be no peace in the believer’s soul. Likewise, if there is no peace in the believer’s soul, he cannot realize the greater grace from God.
General Definition of Grace:
- Grace is all that God is free to do for man on the basis of the Cross.
- God is peace, 1 Thes 5:23; 2 Thes 3:16; Heb 13:20; therefore, because of the complexity of Divine essence, God must be consistent in all that He does. No characteristic can be jeopardized or compromised.
- Therefore, propitiation is that work of Christ on the Cross, which frees God to bless man with His peace under the Plan of Grace.
- Grace is God’s freedom and consistency to express His love by giving us His peace without compromise of His essence.
- Under the principle of grace, God provides a series of blessings for man totally apart from man’s merit, ability, planning, thinking, or energy that result in our peace.
- Under the policy of grace, God gives and man receives. God does all the work and providing, while man does all the receiving and benefiting by applying non-meritorious faith in God.
- In the concept of grace, everything depends on God’s essence. Therefore, grace is all that God can do for man from salvation until eternity. Grace is the genius of God, and Bible doctrine is the revelation and manifestation of that genius.
There are six categories of special blessings from the Grace of God for the mature believer that result in his having the peace of the Lord:
Spiritual Blessings are the inherent reward of virtue directed toward God. The virtues of confidence, worship, and personal love toward God give the believer strength and happiness, while motivating the virtues of courage, morality, and impersonal love toward man. Peace is received in the believer’s life as a result of:
- Sharing the perfect happiness of God, because of occupation with Christ.
- Capacity for life, love, happiness, blessing, and total appreciation for grace.
- The ability to face undeserved suffering in life.
- The ability to correctly interpret contemporary history, to evaluate current events in the light of the Word of God.
- Freedom from slavery to circumstances in life while possessing adaptability to changing circumstances. The mature believer is the greatest innovator in time of historical disaster.
- Grace orientation, freedom orientation, authority orientation, and common sense.
- A total sense of security, whether in prosperity or disaster, 1 Cor 14:33.
Temporal Blessings are designed uniquely for each mature believer. God gives the right blessings at the right time, which may include:
- Wealth, either received or acquired.
- Professional prosperity: Great influence, leadership dynamics, success, promotion, recognition in one’s sphere of life. When God promotes you, you are qualified for the job. Having the ability to assume responsibility and authority without emotional inspiration or pseudo motivation.
- Social prosperity, great friends.
- Sexual prosperity with one’s right man or right woman.
- Technical prosperity or mental prosperity: The ability to think and concentrate increases.
- Cultural prosperity: Maximum enjoyment of drama, art, literature, music, and history.
- Establishment prosperity: Enjoyment of freedom, privacy, protection of life and property from criminals and reprisal.
Blessing by Association overflow to family and friends as God prospers the supergrace believer through blessing those in his periphery. They are blessed either directly by God or indirectly from the supergrace believer, as a result of the overflow of his supergrace blessings. The supergrace believer shares his blessings with others.
Historical Impact is blessing by association extended to the believer’s community, state, and nation. The Lord Jesus Christ (TLJC) controls history for the purpose of protecting and blessing those who love Him, Lev 26:3-13. The ebb and flow of history does not disturb the tranquility or impact of the mature believer.
The reversionist is caught up in the disasters of history and swept along with them. But the supergrace believer rides on the crest of the wave of blessing. He rises above historical disaster.
Undeserved Suffering demands intensified application of Bible doctrine, accelerating spiritual growth, and increasing the believer’s appreciation of the Lord and His grace blessings. God gives us peace by giving us the ability to handle suffering and turn suffering into blessing, Rom 5:3-5; 8:28.
Dying Grace is the mature believer’s final, glorious experience of Divine grace on earth with supernatural tranquility and eager anticipation. The “friend of God” crosses from the blessings of time to greater blessings in eternity.
The grace of God is seen in His Divine discipline for the wayward believer; which is designed for him to regain the peace of God in his life, Heb 12:5-11.
Heb 12:11, “All discipline for the moment seems not to be joyful, but sorrowful; yet to those who have been trained by it, afterwards it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness.”
Ultimately, our peace is the result of the Strategic Victory of the Angelic conflict, Rom 16:20; Eph 2:7, 14-15; 6:15; Heb 13:20.
Eph 2:7, 14, “That in the approaching ages, he might demonstrate His surpassing grace riches in generosity toward us in Christ Jesus…. 14For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall.”
Our peace is a result of Divine good production, the fruit of the Spirit, Gal 5:22; 2 Tim 2:22; Heb 12:14; James 3:18.
The peace of God guards our souls from the corruption of the Old Sin Nature and Satan’s Cosmic System, Phil 4:7-9.
Phil 4:7, “And the peace of God, which “surpasses” all comprehension, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.”
Peace and Happiness are the Result of the Supergrace Life:
Rom 15:13, “Now may the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, so that you will abound in hope by the power of the Holy Spirit.”
- The key to Supergrace is sharing the perfect happiness (+H) of God.
- The Supergrace life is characterized by the total +H spectrum, which ranges from tranquility to ecstatics (not the emotional ecstatics of the tongues crowd).
- The same Bible doctrine that provides Supergrace blessings also provides +H from God.
- The +H of God is attained by the believer when he reaches the top floor of the Edification Complex of the Soul (ECS), Phil 4:4; 1 Thes 5:16.
- Fulfillment of +H through the accumulation of Bible doctrine in the soul is the entrance into the Supergrace life, 1 John 4:4.
In James 3:18-4:10, we see the contrast between living in God’s peace and worldly unrest. In James 4:6, the term “greater grace” or “surpassing grace” speaks to the grace gift of God’s peace in your life, as a result of growing to spiritual maturity, a.k.a., the Supergrace life. It is the comparative use of the Greek Adjective MEGAS – μέγας (meg’-as) that means, “greater” and the noun CHARIS – χάρις (khar’-ece) that means, “grace.” Therefore, it is God’s grace that surpasses His other grace blessings, so we call it “Surpassing Grace.” As noted at the end of verse 6, it is given to the humble (mature) believer. This surpassing grace is God’s greater blessings than what you have realized before and includes blessing for both time and eternity that all bring about the peace of God in your life.
- It is the result of optimum spiritual achievement.
- It is the result of achieving Supergrace where the optimal function of the Royal Priesthood and production of Divine good reside.
- It is the maximum place of blessing and reward, and the ultimate in glorifying Jesus Christ.
- Surpassing connotes something beyond Supergrace and beyond time. There are two special blessings in the grace plan of God.
- Supergrace blessings, the rewards and blessings in time.
- Surpassing grace, the special rewards for time and eternity for the mature believer only.
- The daily function of the Grace Apparatus for Perception (GAP) is the key to breaking this barrier, James 1:25 compared to James 2:12-13.
- There are no surpassing grace blessings without the attainment of Supergrace blessings, 1 Cor 9:24-27.
- The Judgment Seat of Christ is the time of distribution of surpassing grace blessings for eternity, 1 Cor 3:11‑15; 2 Cor 5:10.
Rom 15:33, “Now the God of peace be with you all. Amen.”
John 14:27, “Peace I leave with you; My peace I give to you; not as the world gives do I give to you. Do not let your heart be troubled, nor let it be fearful.”
Click Here to View Doctrine of Peace Related to the 11 Problem Solving Devices http://gracedoctrine.org/peace/
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We continue in John 14:27 with the second part of this verse, “…not as the world gives do I give to you…”
Greek Transliteration: OU KATHOS HO KOSOMOS DIDOSIN EGO DIDOMI HUMIN
Greek: οὐ καθὼς ὁ κόσμος δίδωσιν ἐγὼ δίδωμι ὑμῖν
OU, we begin with the Greek negative OUK, “not,” that is used with Indicative verb KATHOS which is a Comparative Conjunction that means, “as, just as, inasmuch as, etc.” It is comparing the everlasting peace, happiness, and prosperity that our Lord gives to us versus the fleeting and temporal provisions or status the world gives.
HO KOSMOS is the Nominative, Masculine, Singular of the article “the,” and the noun meaning, “world” or “world order.” Here we have the typical word throughout Scripture that identifies Satan’s Cosmic System.
DIDOSIN is the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of the verb DIDOMAI – δίδωμι (did’-o-mee) that means, “to give, grant, allow, permit, etc.” So, we would say, “It gives,” identifying the world or Satan’s Cosmic System as performing the action of the verb.
The Customary Present Tense is for what habitually or typically occurs. What the world repeatedly gives or provides.
The Active Voice tells us that the world, Satan’s Cosmic System, is producing the action.
The Indicative Mood is for the reality of the situation. The world does provide something – false standards.
So, we have, “not as the world (Satan’s Cosmic System) gives.”
Principles of Satan’s Cosmic System:
- “The world” is a system and in this context KOSMOS means, “an organized system for recognizing merit, ability, success, wealth, benefit, etc., as well as creating standards by which you must live or you measure yourself by.”
- It includes various systems or means of obtaining peace and security to the exclusion of God. As we know, these are false systems that are designed to give you a false sense of peace and security.
- It has a way of providing things that are attractive and wonderful to the flesh, because they are things that people either want, desire, or are attracted to, 1 John 2:15-17.
- Virginia Woolf stated, “The beauty of the world has two edges, one of laughter, one of anguish, cutting the heart asunder.”
- It has a system of giving greatness, success, wealth, various types of prosperity and recognition, peace, happiness, security, etc., all of which feed our Sin Nature’s lustful desires.
- We desire the things of the world from our Sin Nature, whether we are operating in arrogance or self-pity.
- In arrogance, we desire for greatness, success, and approbation, wanting to be kings over our own fiefdom.
- In self-pity, we desire to have what others have and feel sorry for ourselves because we don’t have.
- The world will dangle these false promises in front of your nose, that is, tempt you to think that they will provide you with greatness or security if you obtain them. But these things ultimately are a false sense of greatness and security.
- Over the years, the world has given these false things to many and has created the illusion that you must have these things. They become standards by which you measure your value or worth, or peace and security. Therefore, people want them just as the people in the past had them.
- The organized KOSMOS has assigned to those things some perceived value, something that you want today, that you desire today. The world says, in that sense, I can give you something. (Socialism and Communism are classic examples of the false sense of security.)
- Once these standards from the world are established, each person begins to measure their value and worth, prosperity, security, or happiness on the attainment of those standards.
- If you measure yourself from the KOSMOS, you are utilizing his majesty’s, (the devil who runs the KOSMOS), standards and not God’s.
- In contrast, what comes from God is true value and worth having. That why Jesus said, “not as the world gives, do I give to you.”
- Scriptures: 2 Cor 10:12-13; Eph 4:7, 13; Phil 3:16; 2 Tim 1:13-14
Phil 3:16, “Let us keep living by that same standard to which we have attained.”
2 Tim 1:13-14, “Retain the standard of sound words which you have heard from me, in the faith and love which are in Christ Jesus. 14Guard, through the Holy Spirit who dwells in us, the treasure which has been entrusted to you.”
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Continuing with our passage:
EGO is the Nominative, First Person, Singular, Pronoun “I”. Jesus is speaking of Himself.
DIDOMI is the Present, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular of DIDOMAI that means, “to give.”
The Customary Present Tense denotes an ongoing state or what regularly occurs for the believer in the Lord Jesus Christ. They are not fed falsehoods and lies. They are not given empty promises or rewards. They are given true and everlasting peace and prosperity.
The Active Voice: Jesus Christ produces the action of the verb. The True One, 1 John 5:20, can only speak the truth, He cannot lie. Therefore, if He says He gives His EIRENE, it must be so.
The Indicative Mood is for dogmatic fact of reality that Jesus does not give in the way that the world gives.
HUMIN is the Dative case, Second Person, Plural, Pronoun of SU that means, “to you all,” speaking to the disciples and by extension all Church Age believers.
So, we have, “I give to you all.”
Jesus Christ gives us His everlasting peace. That’s why He goes on to say, “Do not let your heart be troubled, nor let it be fearful.”
So, verse 27 wraps up with the third part, “…Do not let your heart be troubled, nor let it be fearful,”
Greek Transliteration: ME TARASSESTHO HUMON E KARDIA MEDE DEILIATO.
Greek: μὴ ταρασσέσθω ὑμῶν ἦ καρδία μηδὲ δειλιάτω.
ME is the other Greek negative for “not or do not” that accompanies the non-indicative verb, TARASSESTHO is the Present, Passive, Imperative, Third Person, Singular, of the verb TARASSO – ταράσσω (tar-as’-so) that means, “trouble, disturb, upset; terrify, frighten.” Here it means, “to receive worry or a state of anxiety.” With the Third Person Singular we could say, “do not let it receive trouble,” referring to the following noun KARDIA – heart.
The Iterative Present Tense stands for repeated action, that is, allowing the outside pressures of life to keep on becoming inward stress on your soul.
The Passive Voice with the negative tells us what we should not receive on a regular basis to occur within our souls. It tells us that if we do not live in faith and deploy the 11 Problem-Solving Devices within our souls, we will have stress in our souls from the world.
The Imperative mood is a command from our Lord to not let the world drag you down. So, the command is, “do not keep on receiving anxiety.”
HUMON is the Genitive, Plural of the First Person, Pronoun SU, and means, “of you all” or “your.”
E KARDIA is the Feminine, Subject Nominative of the Article for “the” and the noun meaning “heart or inner self.” We do not translate “the” here. KARDIA is not the blood pumping organ in your chest. It is the right lobe of your soul where you store and retain Bible doctrine and develop your norms and standards. In other words, don’t let your norms and standards that are based on doctrinal principles be disturbed. Don’t lose your Divine viewpoint to Cosmic viewpoint causing stress within your soul.
So, we will translate this, “in your heart (right lobe).”
So, the first half of the command is, “do not keep on receiving anxiety in your heart (right lobe of our soul).” We could also literally say, “Do not keep on receiving agitation of mind.”
We complete this sentence with MEDE the conjunction for “nor.” It comes from ME, “not” and DE, “but or and,” so we could say, “but not, or and not” or simply “nor.”
DEILIATO is the Present, Active, Imperative, Third Person, Singular of DEILIAO – δειλιάω, which means, “to be timid, cowardly, or be afraid.”
The Present Tense is again iterative for what repeatedly occurs to the believer who does not have God’s Word resident within their soul and thinks in terms of Bible Doctrine, Divine Viewpoint.
The Active Voice is used this time versus the Passive, because the believer produces the action of not being a coward and giving into the temptation of the world. The believer is to perform the action of not being afraid in life.
The Imperative Mood is again a command from our Lord to not allow the false hopes of the world lead you astray in your thinking that results in stress upon your soul, and you being afraid to function in the spiritual life.
So, our complete translation of John 14:27 is, “Peace (supergrace benefit) I leave behind to you all, My peace I keep on giving to you all. Not as the world (Satan’s Cosmic System) gives do I give to you all. Do not keep on receiving anxiety in your heart (right lobe of our soul) nor be afraid.”
- When you stop taking in and cycling God’s Word within your soul, a vacuum naturally forms that sucks in Satan’s Cosmic viewpoint that inevitably leads to causing stress within your soul.
- The choice you have is to receive God’s peace within your soul or receive fear, worry and anxiety from the world.
- Fear is a mental attitude sin, characterized by panic when in a dangerous or precarious situation. It is a painful emotional distress aroused by impending pain, danger, disaster, evil or by illusions regarding the same. It is worry, apprehension, consternation, or horror. Fear is also an active feeling of dread, of which fright and terror are the more intense degrees.
- Neglect or rejection of the Mystery doctrine of the Church Age and failure to utilize its fantastic problem-solving devices result in many problems, including fear.
- Fear is a lack of thinking under pressure. It is a general problem in life. We are designed by God to be rational creatures applying His Word, yet fear makes us irrational. Therefore, fear is an irrational and emotional sin of your soul.
- For the believer, fear is failure to learn and apply Bible doctrine to the problems of life, and failure to learn and utilize the Problem-Solving Devices.
- Fear is a part of the emotional complex of sins. Fear is a whole system of sins which include worry, anxiety, insecurity, incapability of doctrinal application, and therefore inability to use the Problem-Solving Devices.
- Fear also includes all the problems of emotionalism, for fear is an emotional sin. Many sins involve only thinking (e.g. lust), but fear involves emotion and no thinking.
- The Christian loser is bogged down and hindered from his advance by various categories of sins and arrogance related to fear.
- Remember that God is your loving Father and will provide for your every need. But if you allow the world to be your primary source of influence, you will have fear, worry, and anxiety.
- The promises of God to remove fear, Isa 41:10; Deut 31:6, 8.
Isa 41:10, “Do not fear, for I am with you; do not anxiously look about you, for I am your God. I will strengthen you, surely I will help you, surely I will uphold you with My righteous right hand.”
Deut 31:6, 8, “Be strong and courageous, do not be afraid or tremble at them, for the LORD your God is the one who goes with you. He will not fail you or forsake you. …. 8The LORD is the one who goes ahead of you; He will be with you. He will not fail you or forsake you. Do not fear or be dismayed.”
- Bible Doctrine resident within your soul removes fear, 2 Tim 1:7.
2 Tim 1:7, “For God has not given us a spirit of timidity, but of power and love and discipline.”
- Faith-rest removes fear, Psa 56:3-4.
Psa 56:3-4, “When I am afraid, I will put my trust in You. 4In God, whose word I praise, in God I have put my trust; I shall not be afraid. What can mere man do to me?
Heb 13:5-6, “Make sure that your character is free from the love of money, being content with what you have; for He Himself has said, “I will never desert you, nor will I ever forsake you,” 6so that we confidently say, “The Lord is my helper, I will not be afraid. What will man do to me?””
1 Cor 2:5, “Your faith should not be in the wisdom of man (human viewpoint), but in the power from God (Divine viewpoint, Bible doctrine in the soul).”
2 Cor 5:7, “For we walk by faith and not by sight.”
The two words we have noted in this passage are TARASSO and DEILIAO. Both are related to the KARDIA – right lobe of your soul. Our Lord commanded us to NOT receive TARASSO (trouble or stress) in our heart, nor actively cause our heart to be DEILIAO, (afraid, timid, or cowardice). Each is used in the New Testament including:
TARASSO – to stir up, trouble, disturb, or agitate.
Thayer further defines this as, “to cause someone inward commotion, take away his calmness of mind, disturb his self-control, to disquiet, or make restless.”
BAGD defines it as, “to cause inward turmoil, of mental and spiritual agitation and confusion.”
This word is used:
- When we are challenged by God’s Word or plan for our lives, and we allow fear to penetrate our souls.
Luke 1:12, “Zacharias was troubled when he saw the angel, and fear gripped him.”
John 12:27, “Now My soul has become troubled; and what shall I say, ‘Father, save Me from this hour’? But for this purpose I came to this hour.”
- In regard to doubting the resurrection of our Lord, and by extension, doubting our resurrection life that is given to us at the moment of salvation.
Luke 24:38, “And He (Jesus) said to them, “Why are you troubled, and why do doubts arise in your hearts?”
John 14:1-2, “Do not let your heart be troubled (Imperative Mood – a command); believe in God, believe also in Me. 2In My Father’s house are many dwelling places…”
- In regard to false teaching.
Acts 15:24, “Since we have heard that some of our number to whom we gave no instruction have disturbed you with their words, unsettling your souls,”
Gal 1:6-7, “…there are some who are disturbing you and want to distort the gospel of Christ.”
Gal 5:10, “I have confidence in you in the Lord that you will adopt no other view; but the one who is disturbing you will bear his judgment, whoever he is.”
- So that we have confidence in the face of undeserved suffering.
I Peter 3:13-14, “Who is there to harm you if you prove zealous for what is good? 14But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled.”
- The general command by Jesus not to allow the outward pressure of Satan’s Cosmic System to become stress within your soul; thereby, rejecting the peace that is from God, John 14:27.
DEILIAO means, “to be timid, fearful, cowardly, or to lack courage.” Our verse, John 14:27, is the only use of this verb in the New Testament. We call that a Hapaxlogomenon. However, its noun, DEILIA and Adjective, DEILOS are used elsewhere.
DEILIA means, “cowardice, timidity, fearfulness,” in 2 Tim 1:7. This too is a Hapaxlogomenon.
BAGD defines this as, “lack of mental or moral strength.”
2 Tim 1:7, “For God has not given us a spirit of timidity, but of power and love and discipline.”
DEILOS means, “cowardly, fearful, timid, afraid, that is lacking confidence.”
- Used to describe a lack of faith-rest, confidence in God.
Mat 8:26, “He said to them, “Why are you afraid, you men of little faith?” Then He got up and rebuked the winds and the sea, and it became perfectly calm.” Also in Mark 4:40.
- Used to describe the unbeliever who will be cast into the Eternal Lake of fire.
Rev 21:8, “But for the cowardly and unbelieving and abominable and murderers and immoral persons and sorcerers and idolaters and all liars, their part will be in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.”
We also have a wonderful object lesson about how fear takes over the soul in the Old Testament. In Exodus 14, we see fear and the arrogance skills working together to overcome the souls of Israel at the Red Sea.
In Ex 14:8, we have the phrase, “Israel was going out boldly,” also in Num 33:3. The Hebrew is YAD + RUM which literally means, “with a hand being high” or “high handed,” and means, “arrogantly or defiantly,” as used in Num 15:30. The same construction that is used in Ex 14:8 is used in Num 15:30. In Isa 26:11 the reverse construction is used to represent God’s might and glory. Based on the usage in Ex 14:8, it identifies the Israelites acting in arrogance towards their previous captors, even though it was God, and not they, who won their freedom, Acts 13:17 (Here God’s arm is uplifted, not Israel’s.). So, Ex 14:8 states that when the Jews left Egypt, they left in a state of arrogant defiance. This caused Pharaoh to change his mind about letting them leave and motivated him to pursue and attempt to destroy them.
Instead of using prayer, vs 10 &15, and the arrogance skills, the Jews at the Red Sea should have been using the faith-rest drill and other Problem-Solving Devices. They should have understood what Moses had been teaching them, “that God has a plan for their life,” Ex 14:13-14.
- Cowards always hide behind arrogance.
- The Jews saw the problem; Moses saw the solution. The people faced the problem and were afraid. Moses faced the same problem and was confident from the application of metabolized doctrine in his soul.
- You cannot run around expressing fear and at the same time apply doctrine. Fear and the mechanics of the spiritual life are mutually exclusive. You are in one or in the other. Some day you too will face your D-day if you haven’t already. A sign on the door of an English pub during the battle of Britain during World War II said, “Fear knocked at the door. Faith answered. No one was there.”
Points of Application:
The armor of God, [a.k.a., The Problem-Solving Devices on the Forward Line of Troops (FLOT) line of the soul], prevent the outside pressures of adversity from becoming the inside pressures of stress in the soul. The FLOT line prevents this.
Adversity is the outside pressure of life. Stress is the inside pressure of life like; fear, worry, anxiety. When there is no Problem-Solving Device on the FLOT line of the soul, then the adversity becomes stress and stress overruns the command post of the soul (KARDIA) and puts the spiritual life out of action.
Adversity is inevitable, even necessary; stress is optional, not necessary. Stress is not necessary when you deploy the Problem-Solving Devices on the FLOT line of your soul. You deal with your own problems in the privacy of your soul and avoid panic, fear, and arrogance.
God gives you spiritual freedom and human freedom so you can make your own choices and learn to take responsibility for your own decisions.
Stress in the soul means that the Sin Nature controls the soul. Therefore, stress in the soul overruns the command post of the KARDIA – heart (right lobe of the soul), and puts the spiritual life out of action.
People who live by fear are intimidated by life. Fear is a false variable rejected by every absolute of Bible doctrine. 1 John 4:18, “Fear does not exist in virtue-love; but perfect (mature) virtue-love drives out fear, because fear has self-correction, and the one who fears has not been perfected (matured) by means of virtue-love.”
- Virtue-love is an absolute of Bible doctrine which rejects the variable called fear. The absolute (love) drives out the false variable (fear).
- The Word of God resident in your soul with the filling of the Holy Spirit produces virtue-love, Gal 5:22, “But the fruit of the Spirit is love….”
- Virtue-love is the absolute that destroys fear in the life.
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We now begin verse 28 which reads, “You heard that I said to you, “I go away, and I will come to you.” If you loved Me, you would have rejoiced because I go to the Father, for the Father is greater than I.”
The Greek transliteration is, “EKOUSATE HOTI EGO EIPON HUMIN, “HUPAGO KAI ERCHOMAI PROS HUMAS”. EI EGAPATE ME ECHARETE AN HOTI POREUOMAI PROS TON PATERA, HOTI HO PATER MEIZON MOU ESTIN.”
The Greek is: “ἠκούσατε ὅτι ἐγὼ εἶπον ἐμὴν, “ὑπάγω καὶ ἔρχομαι πρὸς ὑμᾶς.” εἰ ἠγαπᾶτέ με, ἐχάρητε ἄν ὅτι πορεύομαι πρὸς τὸν Πατέρα, ὅτι ὁ Πατὴρ μείζων μού ἐστιν.”
Verse 28 begins with the verb EKSOUSATE, “you heard,” which is the Aorist, Active, Indicative, Second Person Plural of AKOUO – ἀκούω (ak-oo’-o), which means, “hear or listen.” Many times, it is used for the perception of Bible doctrine through the ear gate under the Grace Apparatus for Perception (GAP). The word is used for learning doctrine under the principle of two factors: To listen and accept the authority of; to listen and concentrate. This also indicates the fact that they have previously received this doctrine that Jesus is discussing, but they haven’t paid much attention to it as demonstrated by their questions. So, our Lord is repeating the doctrine.
The Constative Aorist Tense indicates you don’t GAP it all the time, but it gathers into one entirety all of the times that you do GAP it.
The Active Voice tells us the disciples are the ones GAPing it. At this point, the disciples have had three years of constant exposure to Bible teaching, and this is what Jesus is pointing out.
The Indicative Mood is for the reality of the situation; they have absolutely heard this doctrine before.
HOTI is the conjunction “that” marking the beginning of Jesus discourse.
EGO is the Nominative, First Person, Singular, Pronoun, “I”. Jesus is referring to doctrine He previously taught.
EIPON is a verb in the Aorist, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular of LEGO – λέγω (leg’-o), “to say or speak,” so it means, “I said.” It is used for communication. Jesus taught them verbally by monologue.
HUMIN is the Second Person, Plural, Pronoun of SU – σύ (soo), “you,” in the Dative of Indirect Object case meaning, “to you all.” These are the ones Jesus is teaching Doctrine to; the disciples in the Upper Room.
HUPAGO is a verb in the Present, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular that means, “to lead or bring under, to lead on slowly, to depart or go away.” It’s a compound word from the Preposition HUPO – ὑπό (hoop-o’) that means, “by or under,” and the verb AGO – ἄγω (ag’-o) that means, “to lead, bring, or carry.” It is a reference to the ascension of Christ to glorification at the right hand of the Father.
The Futuristic Present Tense describes the future death, resurrection, ascension, and session of Jesus Christ with immediacy and certainty.
The Active Voice says that the humanity of Christ does the ascending, since the Deity of Christ is omnipresent and can’t ascend.
In the First Person, Singular, Futuristic Present it means, “I will depart.” He told them this just moments ago in John chapter 13:3, 33, 36; and 14:1-3, 18.
KAI is the conjunction, “and,” linking Jesus imminent departure with His imminent return.
ERCHOMAI is a verb in the Futuristic Present, Middle Deponent, Indicative, First Person, Singular meaning, “to come.”
With the Futuristic Present, “I will come again myself.” Given the context of His pervious question and answer session with the disciples, this is more than just speaking about His resurrection and the 40 days He would remain with them. Remember His reply in verses 1-3. So, this is speaking of Christ’s Second Coming including the Rapture of the Church.
The Middle Deponent says that Jesus performs the action Himself. He will return.
The Indicative Mood is again for the reality of His coming. Jesus is going to depart from the earth and the next time anyone on the earth is ever going to be close will be the Rapture when He will be face to face with those of the Church Age.
PROS is a Preposition meaning, “to or towards,” when with an Accusative. For emphasis, we say, “face to face with.”
HUMAS is Second Person, Plural, Pronoun of SU in the Direct Object Accusative case meaning, “you all”
So far, we have, “You heard (previous doctrine taught) that I said to you all, “I will depart (crucifixion, burial, resurrection, ascension, and session) and I will come again myself face to face with you all (Rapture, Second Coming).”
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Principles of the Second Coming of Christ and the Rapture of the Church:
There are two phases to the Second Coming of Christ:
- The first phase is called the Rapture of the Church, Resurrection, Phil 3:11.
Phil 3:11, “If by any means I might arrive at the exit resurrection (Rapture), the one from the dead.”
- The second phase is called the Second Advent, when Christ physically steps onto planet earth again, Zech 14:4; Rev 19.
The Rapture of the Church means that all believers in the Lord Jesus Christ who physically died between the day of Pentecost and the day of the Rapture receive their resurrection bodies and meet Jesus in the clouds of the air, 1 Thes 4:13-18; 1 Cor 15:51-58. Their soul and spirits that were in heaven are joined with their new resurrection body.
Then all believers who are alive on the day of the Rapture are transformed in body to a resurrection body and also meet Christ in the clouds. 1 Cor 6:14; 1 Thes 4:15, 17; 1 John 3:2-3
1 John 3:2‑3, “Beloved, now we are the children of God, and what we will be he has not yet revealed. However, we know that if He should appear, we shall be (exactly) like Him because we shall see Him as He is. 3And everyone who keeps on having this hope (Hope 3) in Him purifies himself (inside God’s Power System) even as He is pure.”
1 Cor 6:14, “Now God has not only resurrected the Lord, but he will raise us up through His power.”
At that time, the bride (Church Age believers, dead or alive) receives a body like Christ’s. Phil 3:21; 1 Thes 5:23
All believers in the Lord Jesus Christ will be removed from planet earth at the Rapture and are with Christ in Heaven.
- Anticipation of the Rapture must not overwhelm us.
- It does not mean that you sell everything and sit around waiting for Him.
- It should not be used as escapism from the trials and tribulations of everyday life.
- We should be waiting imminently for His return which means living everyday unto Christ. We believe that we should be serving and witnessing more diligently each day.
- Therefore, we need patience as the Lord prepares us for the event, James 5:7‑8.
James 5:7‑8, “Therefore, brethren, have patience until the coming of the Lord (rapture). The farmer waits with anticipation for the valuable production of the soil, constantly being patient until it has received the early and the latter rains. 8Have patience! Furthermore, all of you become stabilized in your right lobes because the coming of the Lord (Rapture) has approached with the result that it is drawing nearer and nearer.”
Titus 2:13, “Waiting with keen anticipation for that blessed hope (Rapture), even the appearance of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus.”
Between the first and second phase of His coming is a time period of 7 years called the Tribulation, Daniel’s 70th Week, Dan 9:27.
Once the Rapture occurs, the Church Age is ended and the Tribulation begins. Dan 12:1; Joel 2:2; Mat 24:21.
Mat 24:21, “For then there will be a great tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever will.”
The Differences Between the Rapture and Second Advent are as Follows:
- Rapture – Private, Acts 1:11.
- S.A. – Public, Rev 11:7.
- Rapture – In the air, 1 Thes 4:17.
- S.A. – On earth, Zech 14:4.
- Rapture – Judgment of believer’s works, 2 Cor 5:10.
- S.A. – Baptism of fire, Mat 25:31‑46.
- Rapture – Church goes to heaven, John 14:3.
- S.A. – Church returns with Christ, 1 Thes 3:13.
- Rapture – Holy Spirit is removed, 2 Thes 2:6-7.
- S.A. – Removal of Satan, Rev 20:1‑3.
- Rapture – Change in believer’s body, Phil 3:21.
- S.A. – Earth is changed, Zech 14:10; Rom 8:19-22
- Rapture – Christ appears as the groom.
- S.A. – He appears as the Messiah.
- Rapture – End of the Church Age.
- S.A. – End of the Jewish Age.
- Rapture – Israel under the fifth cycle of discipline.
- S.A. – Termination of the fifth cycle of Discipline.
- Rapture – Believers taken from the earth, 1 Thes 4:16‑18.
- S.A. – Unbelievers taken from the earth, Mat 24:37‑43; 25:31-46.
- Rapture – A time of comfort, 1 Thes 4:18.
- S.A. – A time of terror, Rev 6:15‑17.
Rev 3:11,” I will be coming soon; seize what you have (Bible doctrine), so that no one may take away your crown.”
This is why the Rapture is always called imminent, because there is no intervening prophecy to be fulfilled.
In Daniel 9:24-27, we have a prophecy telling of the time frame that Israel would be in captivity, the First Advent of our Lord, and the revealing of the Antichrist with the duration of the Tribulation. Comparing that prophecy with the accounts of Nehemiah 2:4-8 begins the counting for the time of “Messiah to be cutoff” (rejected) and His Second Coming as prophesized in Dan. 9:24-27.
- The overall Prophecy in Dan 9:24-27 includes 70 weeks, verse 24.
- As is common in prophecy, one day is analogous for one year.
- So, when each day in a week equals a year, we have a total of 490 years.
- 7 days in a week equals 7 years times 70 equal 490 years in total.
Now this overall prophecy is broken down into 2 parts with three time frames.
1) From decree to rebuild until Messiah, verse 25.
- 7 weeks
- 62 weeks after which Messiah is cut off.
2) The Prince (Antichrist) makes covenant with Israel for 1 week.
So, we have:
7 weeks = 49 years
62 weeks = 434 years
69 weeks = 483 years
69 weeks = 483 years
1 week = 7 years
70 weeks = 490 years
490 – 483 = 7 years left (Tribulation)
Next, we break it down by days. The Jewish calendar had 360 days in a year. So, to calculate the number of days of this prophecy we have:
7 weeks = 49 years
62 weeks = 434 years
69 weeks = 483 years
483 years x 360 days/year = 173,880 days, (360-day Jewish calendar)
According to Nehemiah 2:1-8, the decree to rebuild Jerusalem was issued on Nisan 1, 445 BC, which is March 14 on our calendars. It was not finished until 397 or 49 years later, with moat and plaza.
Now going back to the beginning of the prophecy, the decree to rebuild the city and calculating until Messiah we have 483 years or 173,880 days, (360-day Jewish calendar).
When you add 173,880 days to the decree you arrive at April 6, 32 AD, the “cutting off of Messiah,” which was “Palm Sunday,” the day Israel praised Jesus as Messiah but truly did not believe in Him
That calculation is as follows.
March 14, 445 BC to March 14, 32 AD is 476 † years of 365 days or 173,740 days.
Add 24 days from March 14 to April 6, (Palm Sunday), and add back the 116 ‡ leap days.
173,740 – Nisan 1, (March 14), 445 BC to April 6, 32 AD
+ 24 – March 14 to April 6
+ 116 – days in leap years ‡
173,880 to cutting off of Messiah
†Since only one year expired between 1 B.C and A.D. 1, the total is 476, not 477.
‡A total of 476 years divided by four (a leap year every four years) gives 119 additional days. But three days must be subtracted from 119, because centennial years are not leap years, though every 400th year is a leap year.
So, we have an exact prediction of the first advent of our Lord in Scripture.
Rev 22:20, “He who testifies to these things says, “Yes, I am coming quickly.” Amen. Come, Lord Jesus.”
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So far in verse 28 we have, “You heard (previous doctrine taught) that I said to you all, “I will depart (crucifixion, burial, resurrection, ascension and session) and I will come again myself face to face with you all (Rapture, Second Coming).”
Continuing in verse 28, next we have:
“If you loved me, you would have rejoiced”
which is: EI EGAPATE ME ECHARETE AN
εἰ ἠγαπᾶτέìå με, ἐχάρητε ἄν
EI means, “if” and is a second-class condition, (contrary-to-fact condition), with the meaning of “if and you do not.” This means the premise is untrue. The premise is stated next in terms of love.
EGAPATE is the verb of the premise in the Imperfect, Active, Indicative, Second Person, Plural of AGAPAO that means, “love” or with the 2nd Person Plural, Imperfect, “you all loved,” meaning imperfect past action.
This is linked with the Accusative, Singular, First Person, Pronoun ME that means, “me,” which is Jesus referring to Himself. This is the One they are not AGAPE’ing at this time. So, we have, “if and you all do not love Me.”
The Progressive Imperfect of AGAPAO is for action that is in progress in past time from Jesus speaking these words. The disciples did not have AGAPE love at this time; it was more like PHILEO love.
The Active Voice tells us the disciples are producing the action, “If and you have not loved Me,” 2nd class condition.
The Indicative Mood is the reality of the fact that they have not AGAPE loved the Lord in the past which is causing them sorrow at this time.
The reason Jesus says that they do not love Him is because they are demonstrating fear, worry, and anxiety about His departure, as demonstrated by their questions, rather than expressing joy and happiness that comes with the knowledge of the Father’s plan being fulfilled.
So, the principle is, “AGAPE love demands application of knowledge – Bible Doctrine”. AGAPE love is not based on relationship but on the mentality of the soul.
They have not loved Him because they don’t have the capacity to AGAPE Him, because they do not have, 1) Maximum Doctrine in the Soul, and 2) The Filling of the Holy Spirit which is what we call the Balance of Residency.
If they had loved Him, it would be expressed by a different response to Jesus’ message than the way they are actually responding, which is noted in the next word.
ECHARETE is the Aorist, Passive, Indicative, Second Person, Plural of CHAIRO – χαίρω (khah’-ee-ro) which means, “to rejoice or be glad,” or as we say, +H – sharing the happiness of God. “You would have rejoiced.”
The Culminative Aorist is for the action; they should have been experiencing joy rather than sorrow.
The Passive Voice tells us the disciples in the Upper Room should have had the Happiness of God in their hearts. On the other hand, they should have received +H from seeing the plan of God advance.
The Indicative Mood is the reality of the situation; they missed out on the sharing the happiness of God at this time. They would have rejoiced if they AGAPED Jesus.
So, we have, “If and you have not loved Me, you would have rejoiced.”
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In the New Testament vocabulary for love, we have two verbs and two nouns. They are cognates within the framework of the two.
- AGAPAO – ἀγαπάω (ag-ap-ah’-o), which is the verb, and the noun is AGAPE – ἀγάπη (ag-ah’-pay).
- PHILEO – φιλέω (fil-eh’-o), which is the verb, and the noun is PHILOS – φίλος (fee’-los).
AGAPAO is used over 150 times in the New Testament and AGAPE over 115 times.
AGAPAO and AGAPE is a special love, a limited type love, because it refers to the mentality of the soul, where PHILEO love is more of the outward demonstration of love or affection based on the inward attitude of love.
AGAPAO is strictly a mental attitude, and by the way, excludes emotion. Your emotions respond when you have AGAPE love, (i.e. rejoice, as we see in John 14:28), but AGAPAO love is not based on your emotions.
AGAPAO means freedom from mental attitude sins; it means a Relaxed Mental Attitude (RMA) towards its object.
The noun AGAPE is found in two areas: a.) The filling of the Holy Spirit produces it, Rom 5:5; Gal 5:22, b.) The third floor of the Edification Complex of the Soul (ECS), having a Relaxed Mental Attitude produces it, 1 John 2:5; Col 3:14-17.
All believers are commanded to have AGAPE type love. Since AGAPE is produced by the filling of the Spirit, it is only accomplished in this way, and it produces the concept we have in 1 Cor 13.
As noted in our text, John 14:28, because the disciples did not have God’s Word resident within their souls, even though they had heard it previously, they did not retain it, with the result of not sharing the Happiness of God.
L.S. Chafer quoted Dr. Henry Drummond who said, “Love must be what Dr. Henry Drummond chose to term it, “the greatest thing in the world” (the title of his addresses on 1 Cor 13). It is that which God is like to infinity. To realize the personal, unchanging love of God is a supreme experience.”
All Christian love, according to the Scriptures, is distinctly a manifestation of Divine love operating through the human heart, Rom 5:5, “. . . because the love of God has been poured out within our hearts through (produced or caused by) the Holy Spirit who was given to us.”
This love is not the working of human affection; it is rather the direct manifestation of the “love of God” passing through the heart of the believer out from the indwelling Spirit.
It is the realization of the last petition in the High Priestly prayer of Christ in John 17:26, “…so that the love with which You loved Me may be in them, and I in them.”
It is simply God’s love working within and out through the believer.
This love cannot be humanly produced or even successfully imitated, for it of necessity goes out to the objects of Divine affection and grace rather than to the objects of human desire.
A human heart cannot produce Divine love, but it can experience it.
It can only be found with the Word of God resident in your soul and the power of the filling of God the Holy Spirit operating in your heart.
1 John 2:5, “But whoever keeps [TEREO – τηρέω (tay-reh’-o), guards, see John 14:23] His word, in him the love of God has truly been perfected.”
Jude 1:21, “Keep yourselves in the love of God, waiting anxiously for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ to eternal life.”
In Mat 22:36, when asked what was the great commandment in the Law. Jesus answered in vs. 37, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all of your mind.”
Love for God starts in the right lobe of the soul with doctrine, but it moves throughout your entire soul.
James 1:12, “Blessed is the person who perseveres under testing, because when he becomes approved, he will receive the crown of life which the Lord has promised to those who love Him.”
Eph 6:23-24, “Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. 24Grace be with all those who love our Lord Jesus Christ with incorruptible love.”
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Now that we have seen the Protasis, if statement, let’s review the Apodosis, then statement.
In the Greek, it is simply: ECHARETE AN, ἐχάρητε ἄν.
We noted ECHARETE above. It is the Culminative Aorist Tense, Passive Voice, Indicative Mood, Second Person, Plural of CHAIRO which means, “To rejoice, be glad, to rejoice exceedingly, to be well, or thrive.” Notice the last meaning which is similar to EIRENE, peace, which our Lord was leaving and giving to them.
AN is a Greek Particle indicating contingency in certain constructions. Here linked with the Protasis “if statement” from EI, AN tells us of the Apodosis or “then statement.” It typically is not translated in the English but gives the meaning of contingency in the sentence, although here we could translate it as “then.”
Remember that our “if statement” was a second-class condition, (contrary-to-fact), with the meaning of “if and you do not.” So, we have the contingency principle; “If they AGAPED Jesus they would have CHAIRO (rejoiced), but they did not AGAPE Him, and therefore they are not rejoicing.”
So, we translate ECHARETE AN as, “then you would have rejoiced.”
As you can see, it is God’s plan for the believer to have Peace, Love, and Happiness in their lives. The Happiness of God we call +H. So, let’s now understand briefly what the disciples where missing out on at this time.
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AGAPE Love Results in Sharing the Happiness of God
1 Cor 13:4-7, “Love is patient, love is kind and is not jealous; love does not brag and is not arrogant, 5does not act unbecomingly; it does not seek its own, is not provoked, does not take into account a wrong suffered, 6does not rejoice in unrighteousness, but rejoices with the truth; 7bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things.”
Sharing the Happiness of God is the Fifth floor, the penthouse, of the Edification Complex of the Soul, ECS.
One of the essence or characteristics that make up God is that He is happy. God is perfect; therefore, His essence is composed of only perfect attributes. One of His perfect attributes is His perfect happiness.
- Perfect God can only possess perfect happiness.
- Because God is eternal, He has always been and will always be happy for all eternity. There never was a time, nor will there ever be a time, when God is not happy. God has never been unhappy. Therefore, no one has ever made or ever will make God unhappy.
- Although His omniscience has always known the billions of angelic and human creatures who would be a disappointment, He cannot be disappointed or frustrated, because He has perfect happiness. His happiness cannot be tarnished or in any way challenged or destroyed.
- God is immutable, meaning He cannot change. Therefore, His happiness is unchangeable; nothing can make God unhappy. No creature has the power to make God unhappy, but God has the power to make you happy and to share His happiness.
- Because God is infinite His happiness has no boundaries; therefore, He can share His happiness.
- This same perfect happiness is available to you. Psa 16:11 teaches three ways in which God shares His perfect happiness with us:
“You will make known to me the path of life.” (The Word of God resident in the soul.)
“In Your presence is the fullness of happiness;” (Application of the Word of God to life’s situations.)
“At Your right hand (Jesus Christ) are pleasures forevermore.” (Blessings and rewards, as a result of applying the Mind of Christ.)
- The key to true happiness is a change in your mental attitude, as a result of the intake and application of God’s Word, Prov 3:13; John 15:11.
John 15:11, “These things I have spoken to you so that My joy may be in you, and that your joy may be made full.”
- The only way to happiness is to cease worrying about things that are beyond the power of your will through the application of God’s Word. An unhappy person is someone involved in egotism, selfishness, evil, or ignorance.
- You will never realize how much of God’s happiness you have in your life until you go through certain problems and find out that your happiness has not been taken away, Mat 5:10-12; Col 1:24; 1 Peter 1:3-8; 4:13.
- Happiness is not a reward for doing something; it is a consequence. In the Bible, it is the consequence of taking in doctrine, Prov 3:13; remember the passive voice of CHAIRO – “rejoice” in John 14:28.
Prov 3:13, “Happiness belongs to the person who finds wisdom, even to the person who gains understanding.”
- True happiness does not come as a result of getting something we do not have, but rather of recognizing and appreciating what we do have.
- Never confuse happiness, as taught in the Bible with the various stimuli of life, which are enjoyable for the moment, but have no ability to sustain you in daily living.
- The place or the condition does not dictate happiness. It is the mind alone that can make someone happy or miserable, Prov 23:7; 17:22.
- It is not having what you want, but rather accepting what you have, and coming to a point of contentment, Phil 4:4, 11-13.
- A person is happy because he is growing in the Word of God daily, not even knowing where his limit lies. Every day there can be a new revelation or a new discovery about life, about God, and about ourselves. Those who are truly happy will live one day at a time, Mat 6:25-34.
Mat 6:34, “So do not worry about tomorrow; for tomorrow will care for itself. Each day has enough trouble of its own.”
- Happiness, like love, is the fruit of God the Holy Spirit, Rom 14:17; Gal 5:22.
Rom 14:17, “For the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace (prosperity) and joy (happiness) by means of the Holy Spirit.”
Gal 5:22-23, “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law.”
- Happiness even includes the ability to treasure the memory of past misfortunes. Happiness is not limited to something you experience but can also be something you remember, Eph 5:2; Phil 4:18, (The term “fragrant aroma” means, “fond memories.”), Col 2:5.
- In regard to our Lord’s Second Coming, we are to rejoice, knowing we will then have the +H for all of eternity, John 14:28; 16:22.
John 16:22, “Therefore you too have grief now; but I will see you again, and your heart will rejoice, and no one will take your joy away from you.”
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The next section of verse 28 is, “because I go to the Father.” The King James incorrectly has, “because I said I go to the Father.” “I said” is not in the original Greek text.
So, it is simply, “because I go to the Father.”
Transliterated it is HOTI POREUOMAI PROS TON PATERA.
The Greek is, ὅτι πορεύομαι πρὸς τὸν Πατέρα,
HOTI is a Conjunction. Here it is a Coordinating Conjunction which can be translated, “that or because.” It finishes the “then” statement of our contingency clause as a statement of fact. “They should have been rejoicing because Jesus was about to return to the Father.”
POREUOMAI is a verb in the Present, Middle Deponent, Indicative, First Person, Singular of POREUO πορεύῳ (po-ryü’-ō) that means, “go, proceed, travel, or to go from one place to another.”
This same word was used in John 14:12.
There the Greek text was, ὅτι ἐγὼ πρὸς τὸν Πατέρα πορεύομαι·
But here it is ὅτι πορεύομαι πρὸς τὸν Πατέρα. With the absence of EGO “I” in verse 28,
POREUOMAI adds the First-Person Singular personal pronoun “I”.
The Futuristic Present tense tells of the impending departure of our Lord, that is His ascension, with emphasis on immediacy and certainty. So, we could say, “I am about to go.”
The Middle Voice is Deponent giving us an Active sense, where Jesus is performing the action, “I myself am about to go.”
The Indicative Mood is for the reality of Jesus’ departure and ascension to the Right Hand of the Father.
PROS is the Accusative Preposition giving us direction that means, “to or toward” or with emphasis it can be translated, “face to face.”
TON PATERA is the Accusative Article “the,” plus the Noun in Accusative Masculine, Singular of PATER – πατήρ (pat-ayr’) the means “Father,” here meaning, “God the Father.”
So, we have “that I am about to go to (face to face with) the Father.”
The last section of verse 28 is:
ὅτι ὁ Πατὴρ μείζων μού ἐστιν.”
HOTI HO PATER MEIZON MOU ESTIN.
HOTI is once again a Conjunction; this time it is a Subordinating Conjunction, which begins the new section. So, we have “because.” This conjunction introduces the mentality of Jesus. He is subordinating Himself to God the Father, even though He is God and equal to God the Father.
HO PATER is the Nominative Article “the,” plus the Nominative, Masculine, Singular Noun for “Father.” Notice that Jesus is once again using the word “Father” to designate the first person of the Trinity.
ESTIN which actually comes at the end of the Greek text is the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of EIMI that means, “is or to be.” Here it means, “He is” referring to God the Father.
MEIZON is the Irregular Comparative Adjective in the Nominative, Masculine, Singular of MEGAS – μέγας (meg’-as) that means, “greater.” This is a declaration of the humanity of Christ from the humanity of Christ. The Deity of the Father is greater than any humanity. The Deity of the Father is greater than the humanity of Jesus Christ and Jesus is recognizing that fact in humility.
MOU is the First Person, Singular, Pronoun of EGO that means, “I”, but in the Genitive of Subordination it has the meaning of “over me.” Because of the comparative clause, we translate it “than I.”
So, we have “because the Father is greater than I.”
As noted above, the humanity of Christ is obedient to the will and plan of God the Father. His plan calls for the death, resurrection, ascension, session, and glorification, John 17:4-5.
So, our complete translation is, “You heard (previous doctrine taught) that I said to you all, “I will depart (crucifixion, burial, resurrection, ascension, and session) and I myself will come again face to face with you all (Rapture, Second Coming).” If you had loved Me, yet you did not, you would have rejoiced (in the fact) that I am about to go to (face to face with) the Father, because the Father is greater than I (a reference to His submission to the Father’s Plan).”
So, Jesus is telling the disciples and all Church Age believers to rejoice, because He was about to fulfil the Father’s Plan with the result that the body of Christ, (the Church), is about to be formed. Once it is formed, the Lord Jesus Christ has a bride which includes the disciples in the Upper Room. Therefore, the Church will share the glory of Christ forever. So, they ought to be very happy about the fact that He was going to go to the Father at this time. He was going to sit down at the right hand of the Father and be glorified. But they didn’t have the capacity to understand the Plan of God at this time, because they had not yet reached spiritual maturity.
Principle: The submission of Jesus Christ to the Father’s plan (humility) was the key to winning the Strategic Victory of the Angelic Conflict. As a result of Jesus’ victory, He is glorified. As a result of His glorification, the Church Age believer shares in His victory and glory as His bride. Therefore, we should REJOICE!
So, we will note the:
Doctrine of Humility
Humility is freedom from pride and arrogance, Prov 11:2; 16:18; 29:23. Therefore, humility cannot and does not exist in the cosmic system; it is the first thing to go when you get out of fellowship with God, due to personal sin(s). It is regained by utilizing God’s grace of 1 John 1:9, Rebound – the confession of your sins.
Arrogance has so many facets that sooner or later people are captured by its temptation from their Sin Nature, unless they remain in fellowship with God inside of His Power System – GPS, that is staying under the enabling power of God the Holy Spirit and continuing your momentum from having metabolized Bible doctrine in your soul.
The virtue of all believers is humility. Humility is total freedom from cosmic thinking. Humility includes enforced humility and genuine humility, plus objectivity and teachability.
Psa 25:8‑9, “Good and honorable is the Lord; therefore, He instructs sinners in the way. In justice (Divine integrity) He guides the humble; consequently, He teaches the humble His way (plan, purpose).”
No believer in the cosmic system can learn Bible doctrine; GNOSIS, (knowledge, doctrine, wisdom) never becomes EPIGNOSIS (intensifies GNOSIS), when you are operating under arrogance. Without humility, there is no teachability. Teachability demands enforced humility and genuine humility.
Humility is maintained only by learning Bible doctrine utilizing the three R’s.
- Reception, in which the Pastor communicates Bible doctrine to a group of believers, and the information goes to the believer’s human spirit. The Holy Spirit makes that doctrine PNEUMATIKOS, i.e., spiritual phenomena. It then goes to the NOUS or left lobe and becomes GNOSIS doctrine. Then the positive believer has faith perception, the metabolization of that Bible doctrine by which it goes into the KARDIA or right lobe, where it becomes EPIGNOSIS doctrine. Only EPIGNOSIS doctrine gives the believer momentum.
- Retention is EPIGNOSIS transferred to the KARDIA, right lobe of your soul. It is stored Bible doctrine by which we grow in grace, the basis for momentum.
- Recall is the application of EPIGNOSIS doctrine to experience, the basis for creating invisible heroes, the objective of the spiritual life.
The mandate for humility is found in 1 Peter 5:5‑6 and James 4:5-6 which quote Prov 3:33‑35.
1 Peter 5:5-6, “You younger men, likewise, be subject to your elders; and all of you, clothe yourselves with humility toward one another, for God is opposed to the proud, but gives grace to the humble. 6Therefore humble yourselves under the mighty hand of God, that He may exalt you at the proper time.”
Enforced humility is submission to legitimate authority.
Genuine humility is the virtue of complete grace orientation to all situations through perception and application of Bible doctrine.
Humility is distinguished from humiliation:
- Humility is the virtue of freedom from arrogance.
- Humiliation is to reduce your view of self to a lower status in your own eyes or in the eyes of others.
Humiliation is being mortified, while humility is being grace‑oriented.
Humility is the quality or status of being humble. While the noun “humble” has many definitions, ranging from, “feeling of insignificance and feeling of inferiority” to “low in rank or low in importance,” none of these definitions relate to the Biblical word.
Humility or being humble in the Plan of God is recognition of the authority of our Lord Jesus Christ (the Word) and submitting to that authority. Humility is recognition of authority.
Since the Bible is the mind of Christ, submission to the authority of our Lord is tantamount to consistent post-salvation renewing of your mind, Rom 12:2. We submit by our daily intake and application of the Word of God.
If we become neglectful of Bible doctrine, we are in a state of rebellion. The result of post-salvation renewing of your mind should be grace orientation and humility. Luke 14:11
Luke 14:11, “For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.”
Through consistent perception, metabolization, and application of Bible doctrine, arrogance is brought low or humbled, while the filling of the Holy Spirit, grace orientation, personal love for God the Father, impersonal love for all mankind, a personal sense of destiny, and occupation with Christ are raised to the highest level of function, Job 33:16‑17.
In Biblical humility, the independence of human power and ability is reduced to zero, so that dependence on the power and ability of God are increased to the maximum through the function of grace. This becomes grace effectiveness in the Christian way of life. At the point of faith in Christ, you reduced yourself to a state of total humility.
Biblical humility is neither derogatory nor undue self-depreciation. The mandate of James 4:10 to “humble yourselves before the Lord and He will exalt you” is a mandate that precedes any effective use of a Problem-Solving Devices.
- This means that humility is a system of Divine viewpoint thinking related to grace orientation and occupation with Christ.
- This means that humility is a system of recognizing the authority of Jesus Christ as the ruler of the Church, and that He has delegated all authority in the Church Age to the Word of God, especially the mystery doctrine found in the Church Age epistles, and the Pastor-Teacher as God’s delegated authority to teach the Word of God, Heb 13:7, 17.
- This means that humility is a system of cognition of Bible doctrine, resulting in the believer living in the directive will of God rather than the permissive will of God, Psa 25:8‑9.
The greatest testimony of humility was our Lord’s submission to the will of God found in Luke 22:42 and Phil 2:5‑8.
Luke 22:42, “Father, if You are willing, remove this cup from Me; yet not My will, but Yours be done.”
- Humility is recognition and respect for legitimate authority in life.
- It is function under the Laws of Divine Establishment for the unbeliever. Both believer and unbeliever can possess humility.
- It is recognition of authority delegated by God in the Christian way of life. The Bible is the authority, and the spiritual gift of Pastor-Teacher is the communicator of that doctrine.
- Humility is Divine viewpoint thinking, which means that humility is related to grace orientation and occupation with Christ.
- Humility is poise and courage under pressure.
- Humility is teachability which recognizes the Plan of God for your life.
- Recognition of the authority of the Pastor-teacher who communicates doctrine.
- Recognition of the content of the message of the Pastor who communicates doctrine.
- Therefore, humility is the sum total of grace orientation and teachability.
- Humility is capacity for life, love, and happiness.
- Humility is the basis for gratitude and appreciation in life.
- Humility is the function of establishing right priorities in life.
- Humility is the right function of self-determination in life related to God’s grace policy, right priorities, teachability, and self-determination related to spiritual growth.
- Humility is making right decisions from a position of strength.
- Humility is the recognition of failure in the Christian life and the willingness to recover through Rebound, 1 John 1:9.
- Humility is the basis for flexibility in life, the basis for God molding a vessel of honor which glorifies Him.
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Next in verse 29 we have, “Now I have told you before it happens, so that when it happens, you may believe.”
Transliterated it is: KAI NUN EIREKA HUMIN PRIN GENESTHAI, HINA HOTAN GENETAI PISTEUSETE.
The Greek is: καὶ νῦν εἴρηκ`α ὑμῖν πρὶν γενέσθαι, ἵνα ὅταν γένηται πιστεύσητε
KAI is the conjunction for, “and, even, or also.” Here it is for emphasis as it is linked with the follow word.
NUN is an adverb that means, “now, or at the present time.” It is a reference to the Upper Room Discourse.
EIREKA is a verb in the Perfect, Active, Indicative, First Person Singular of LEGO – λέγω (leg’-o) that means, “to speak, say, or tell”.
The Perfect Tense is a completed past action, something that happens in the past with results that go on. The Perfect Tense sometimes emphasizes the past, sometimes the results, and sometimes the whole thing. This introduces the abiding character of Bible doctrine whose goal is faith in the heart of the believer. “I have communicated in the past with the result that you will have this communication in your soul.”
The Active Voice tells us Jesus Christ did the teaching.
The Indicative Mood is for the reality of the unique communication gift of our Lord. So, we will say, “I have told.”
HUMIN is for the one’s being taught by Jesus. It is the Plural, Dative Case of the Second Person Personal Pronoun SU that means, “you.” So HUMIN means, “to you all,” referencing the disciples in the Upper Room.
PRIN is an unusual Adverb that means, “before or sooner.” It is usually used with Infinitives of Subsequent Time as it is here, as we will see with our next word. This tells us that from this point forward, Jesus will communicate Mystery Doctrine for the Church Age to them, and prophecies related to His work on the Cross, before the Church Age begins and the prophecies actually happen.
GENESTHAI is the 2nd Aorist, Middle Deponent, Infinitive of GINOMAI – γίνομαι (ghin’-om-ahee) that means, “to come into being, to happen, or to become.”
The Infinitive is an Infinitive of Subsequent Time linked with PRIN above. In this structure, it means, “it comes to pass.” Literally, it means, “before it begins to come to pass.”
This is an Ingressive Aorist Tense for the introduction of a new action.
The Middle Voice gives us the “it” which is referring to the Mystery doctrines Jesus and prophecies will be teaching. So, we add “it” for the doctrines to be taught.
HINA is the Subordinating Conjunction and means, “that or in order that,” which gives us a Purpose Clause.
HOSTAN is also a Subordinating Conjunction that means, “when or whenever, on the occasion of its occurrence, etc.” Linked with the Subjunctive Mood below of PISTEUO it gives us contingency.
GENETAI is the Aorist, Middle Deponent, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of GINOMAI. So, we say, “it does come to pass” or “it does happen.”
The Indicative Mood is used here for the fact of reality that is “when it does occur.”
PISTEUSETE is the Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, Second Person, Plural of PISTEUO – πιστεύω (pist-yoo’-o) that means, “to believe… This is not “believing for salvation;” they were already saved, and it isn’t really “faith-rest” as such. It is an offshoot of faith-rest. Here is faith as a capacity for living the unique spiritual life with confidence, peace, and joy, as a result of AGAPAO love for Jesus Christ, The Word of God.
Verses 27 and 28 come to a head here. It’s the goal of Christ for them and us to have faith, so that we all can receive the blessings of God in life, His peace and joy by means of AGAPAO love.
The Culminative Aorist tells us of the goal of Jesus’ teaching, to bring them to confident assurance by means of His Word and God’s Plan.
The Active Voice tells us the disciples have a choice to believe or not to believe in God’s Plan.
The Subjunctive Mood is the key. Tied with HINA above, the Subordinating Clause is a Purpose Clause. The purpose for Jesus’ teaching is to bring them to faith and confident assurance, yet they have to apply positive volition to accomplish the goal. So, we say, “you all might believe.”
Our translation of verse 29 is, “And now I have told you all before it (mystery doctrine and prophecies) comes to pass, in order that when it does come to pass (fulfilment of doctrine and prophecies), you all might believe, (with the result of peace and joy in your hearts and souls).”
Compare this verse with Thomas’ faith in John 20:28-29, “Thomas answered and said to Him, “My Lord and my God!” 29Jesus said to him, “Because you have seen Me, have you believed? Blessed are they who did not see, and yet believed.””
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We now turn to the conclusion of the part of the discourse that occurred in the Upper Room.
In verse 30 we have, “I will not speak much more with you, for the ruler of the world is coming, and he has nothing in Me.”
Transliterated it is: “OUKETI POLLA LALESO METH HUMON, ERCHETAI GAR HO TOU KOSMOU ARCHON; KAI EN EMOI OUK ECHEI OUDEN”.
The Greek is: “οὐκέτι πολλὰ λαλήσω μεθ’ ὑμῶν, ἔρχεται γὰρ ὁ τοῦ κόσμου ἄρχων·; καὶ ἐν ἐμοὶ οὐκ ἔχει οὐδέν.”
OUKETI is a negative Adverb that means, “No longer or no more.”
POLLA is the Pronominal Adjective in the Accusative, Neuter, Plural of POLUS – πολύς (pol-oos’) that means, “Much or many.”
LALESO is a Verb in the Future, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular of LEGO that means, “to talk or speak.” As we noted previously, “speaking” is the conveyance of Bible Doctrine. Jesus is teaching them doctrinal principles regarding the Church Age. This then is the conclusion for the moment of His doctrinal teaching. So, here we say, “I will no longer speak.” This indicates that Jesus is concluding this portion of the discourse that was literally spoken in the Upper Room.
METH is the Preposition META – μετά (met-ah’) in the Genitive case. It means, “with.” Jesus has been associated with them for three years.
HUMON is the Second Person, Plural, Pronoun of SU in the Genitive Case. So, we have, “with you all or in association with you all.” This is ended with the comma.
So far, we have, “I will no longer speak much with you all,”
ERCHETAI is the Present, Middle Deponent, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of ERCHOMAI – ἔρχομαι (er’-khom-ahee) that means, “to come.”
The Present Tense tells us that the Devil is now returning to the party. He had been possessing Judas Iscariot earlier in the supper, John 13:27, at which time he caused Judas to leave the supper to finish the deal of betrayal with the Pharisees. Now that that had taken its next step, Satan could leave Judas temporarily and return to see what Jesus and the disciples were up to.
Remember, he can only be at one place at a time. But when the devil arrives, our Lord cuts it off knowing that Satan won’t be staying very long. The Lord will have something to say on the way to and at the Garden of Gethsemane, but cuts it off here.
Because Judas is a coward and won’t follow through on his deal with the Pharisees, Satan will have to be going to get back inside of him again so that Judas will complete the deal. So, when the disciples leave the Upper Room, the devil has to go back to Judas and that is why the Lord cuts it off at this time.
The Middle Deponent tells us Satan performs that action himself.
The Indicative Mood is for the reality of the situation. The devil is on his way back.
So, we say, “Is coming himself.”
GAR is the Conjunction “for,” telling us who is coming.
HO is the Nominative Article “the” that goes with the upcoming word ARCHON.
TOU KOSMOU is the Genitive Article for “of the,” plus the Genitive Noun of KOSMOS that means, “world.” These act like adjectives describing the ARCHON.
ARCHON is the Nominative Noun that means, “ruler or chief authority.” So, “the ruler of the world,” tells us of Satan as the ruler of his Cosmic System, which is our world, compare 1 John 5:19. Remember, Satan is the ruler of the “sphere of our world,” that is, its political and socioeconomic administration, but God has and will always own the world as its Creator.
KAI is the Conjunction “and.”
EN is the Dative Preposition for “in or in sphere of.”
EMOI is the First Person, Singular, Pronoun of EGO that means, “Me” in the Dative Case, where Jesus is referring to Himself.
OUK is the Negative Particle used with Indicative Mood for “not.”
ECHEI is a Verb in the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of ECHO – ἔχω (ekh’-o) that means, “to have and hold.” In the Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular, it is “he has,” referring to Satan and the fact that he has no power over Jesus Christ, because Christ has no sin nor a sin nature. Therefore, there is no affinity between Satan and Jesus.
OUDEN is a Pronominal Cardinal Adjective in the Accusative, Neuter, Singular of OUDEIS – οὐδείς (oo-dice’) that means, “no one or nothing.” Literally, it is, “has not one thing.” It refers to the fact that Jesus Christ is sinless.
So, our translation of verse 30 is, “I will no longer speak much (doctrine) with you all, for the ruler of this world (Satan in his cosmic system), is coming himself, and he has not one thing in Me.”
This statement is in sharp contrast to what our Lord has told and will continue to tell the disciples and all believers, John 14:20, 23-24 and 17:23.
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Then in verse 31 we have, “but so that the world may know that I love the Father, and I do exactly as the Father commanded Me. Arise, let us go from here.”
Transliterated it is: “ALL HINA GNO HO KOSMOS HOTI AGAPO TON PATERA, KAI KATHOS ENETEILATO MOI HO PATER, HOUTOS POIO. EGEIRESTHE, AGOMEN ENTEUTHEN.”
The Greek is: “ἀλλ’ ἵνα γνῷ ὁ κόσμος ὅτι ἀγαπῶ τὸν Πατέρα, καὶ καθὼς ἐνετείλατο μοι ὁ Πατὴρ, οὕτως ποιῶ. Ἐγείρεσθε, ἄγωμεν ἐντεῦθεν.”
ALL HINA – “but that,” sets up the purpose clause in Jesus’ mind for Satan’s revisit. In Satan’s mind, it was to cause Jesus to fail His mission, to not fulfil the will of the Father, and to hopefully cause Jesus to sin as a reaction to the maltreatment of the Pharisees. But Jesus sees it differently; He welcomes Satan’s further attacks so that He can prove out the Father’s Plan once and for all, by being obedient to His Will and Plan. He welcomes Satan’s meddling so that He can prove out the Father’s love for all of mankind by being sent to the Cross.
GNO is a Verb in the Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, Third Person, Singular of GINOSKO – γινώσκω (ghin-oce’-ko) that means, “to know.”
The Subjunctive Mood is for potential. Jesus will show His Love for the Father by being absolutely obedient to His will, but the potential lies with man in whether we will believe it or not.
HO KOSMOS – “the world.” Here the world is not directly Satan’s comic system, but more generically, all the people living inside the sphere of Satan’s rule, that is every member of the human race.
So, what was the purpose? “That the world may know that I love the Father”
HINA AGAPO HO PATER, “that I love the Father,” in the Present, Active, Indicative, First Person Singular of AGAPAO.
KAI is the Coordinating Conjunction “and” giving “the world” another piece of information it can know, which in this case is the evidence of Jesus’ love for God the Father, which is His obedience to the Father’s Plan.
KATHOS a Subordinating Conjunction meaning, “just as.”
ENETEILATO is a verb in the Aorist, Middle Deponent, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of ENTELLOMAI – ἐντέλλομαι (en-tel’-lom-ahee) that means, “a command, or order.” So, it is “He (God the Father) commanded.”
MOI is the Dative, First Person, Singular, Pronoun of EGO, which comes to mean, “to me.” So, together we say, “He commanded me.”
HO PATER – “the Father,” referencing who is doing the commanding, which is God the Father.
HOUTOS is an Adverb meaning, “in this way,” or we could say, “exactly,” identifying the preciseness of Jesus’ obedience to the Plan of God the Father.
POIO is a Verb in the Present, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular of POIEO – ποιέω (poy-eh’-o) that means, “I make or I do.”
EGEIRESTHE is a Verb in the Present, Passive, Imperative, Second Person, Plural, of EGEIRO – ἐγείρω (eg-i’-ro) that means, “arise” or “get up.” It also means, “wake up.”
The Imperative Mood is for a command to the disciples.
The Passive Voice; the disciples receive this command from Jesus.
AGOMEN is a Verb in the Present, Active, Subjunctive, First Person, Plural of AGO – ἄγω (ag’-o) that means, “to lead, bring, carry or (reflexively) “we go.” It’s a Hortatory Subjunctive, which is the same as a command.
ENTEUTHEN is an Adverb that means, “from here.” So, Jesus is saying, “We are finished here so let’s go.” He is the one who decided when the party was over.
Our translation of verse 31 is, “And that the world may know that 1) I love the Father, and 2) I do exactly as He, (God the Father), has commanded Me. Arise, let’s go from here.”
Principle: The demonstration of your love for God is shown by your obedience to His Word and Plan for your life. That is, your love for God is demonstrated through your obedience to His Word and Plan.
John does not record the fact that they sang a hymn and then went out, as Matthew 26:30 does.
Mat 26:30, “After singing a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.”
Ryrie notes, “They probably sang all or part of Psalm 115-118, the traditional Passover Hallel.”
John simply indicates the point at which Satan arrived and the point at which they broke up.
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Summary of Chapter 14, (The Upper Room Discourse)
Our Lord continues the discussion of the afterlife with the great promise of verses 2-3.
John 14:2-3, “In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you. 3If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also.”
This is the promise of our heavenly abode, as well as the promise of His resurrection, “I will come again.”
Then based on Thomas’ question, our Lord gives us the great statement of faith in verse 6, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me.”
This is the narrow gate of our salvation, Mat 7:13-14. There is only one way that mankind is saved and that is through faith in the person and work of The Lord Jesus Christ.
This is also one of the great “I am” statements in the Gospel of John. Most commentators state there are only seven in John’s Gospel, but we demonstrated at least 4 others.
This statement is followed by Thomas’ humiliation in verse 7, “If you had known Me, you would have known My Father also; from now on you know Him, and have seen Him.”
Then Philip chimes in with His bumbling question in verse 8. He was being the typical example of what our Lord said about the Jews, “needing a sign”, John 2:18 with 1 Cor 1:22.
So, now Philip receives his humiliation in verse 9 at the hands of our Lord’s exasperation.
Nevertheless, our Lord uses this opportunity to preach once again about the oneness of the Godhead in verse 9b-11. Jesus and the Father are one.
Then, in verse 12, our Lord gives them encouragement regarding the works that Church Age believers can perform that may be greater than those performed by the Lord Himself during His incarnation.
Notice the pattern our Lord is using with the disciples, which is the same as our military employees: tear them down, then build them back up.
Three times in a row we have seen this pattern. Why? Because it works! We need to be brought to the realities of the insufficiencies of our own human resources before we can realize the greatness of the power of the spiritual life.
Next, our Lord continues the encouragement of the unique spiritual life with the first installment on prayer in the Upper Room and Gethsemane discourses in verses 13-14.
Here we have our new protocol for prayers in the Church Age which is to pray in the name of Jesus Christ.
This is followed by a promise from Jesus Christ, that He will answer our prayers, once again showing His oneness with the Father. When He answers our prayers, the Father is glorified, because Jesus Christ is acting on behalf of the Father to answer our prayers.
Here again, Jesus is demonstrating His self-sacrificial AGAPE love for us by humbling Himself to do the will of the Father in answering our prayers.
Then in verse 15 Jesus says, “If you love Me, you will keep My commandments.”
He has given two commandments thus far:
1) To have AGAPE love for one another as Jesus has loved us, and
2) To pray in His name.
Therefore, our AGAPE love for Jesus Christ is demonstrated through self-sacrificial love for one another and praying in the name of Jesus Christ.
AGAPE love and prayer in His name is how you demonstrate your love for Jesus Christ.
Why? Because these are His commandments that you are keeping. Loving Him means keeping His commandments which is learning and apply His Word, Bible Doctrine, as also noted in John 14:21.
Next, beginning in verse 16, we have another encouragement; the promise of the giving of God the Holy Spirit, the PARAKLETOS, which is repeated in verse 26.
This is the promise of the permanent indwelling of God the Holy Spirit which is one of the 40 things we receive at the moment of our salvation and is one of the 10 Unique Factors of the Church Age.
With this is the promise of His resurrection in verses 18-19. This is the second time He has said they would behold Him no more, see John 13:33, and the third time He alluded to His resurrection.
This is the promise that they would see Him again in resurrection form, which is also the pledge that we too will have resurrection bodies one day and live eternally with Christ and the Father.
Then in verse 22, Thaddaeus (Judas not Iscariot) asks his question, which in contrast to the others is quite lucid, about what this all means.
Our Lord used this as an opportunity to speak of the indwelling of the Father and the Son in the Church Age believer. So, now we have seen the indwelling of all three members of the Trinity in the Church Age believer.
This is unique power that is part of our Portfolio of Invisible Assets that is available to every believer of the Church which gives us equal privileges and equal opportunity to live the spiritual life.
Then in verse 26 we have the second mention of the PARAKLETOS, Helper, God the Holy Spirit. Now that they understand they will be permanently indwelt by the Spirit, our Lord builds on that doctrine by telling us the Spirit will teach us God’s Word / the mind of Christ / Bible doctrine.
This is the Doctrine of the Grace Apparatus for Perception, (GAP). The Holy Spirit is our true teacher and mentor.
Now in verse 27, as Jesus is wrapping up the Upper Room Discourse, He gives another blessing to the disciples by instructing them that they can receive His peace. All doctrine is designed to provide peace in the soul of the believer. Therefore, Jesus will leave His Word in the hands of the Holy Spirit to document it through the inspired writers of the New Testament, and then teach it to Church Age believers by means of the spiritual gift and ministry of Pastor-Teachers.
Then in verse 28, Jesus combines two previous messages of His departure and His return into one. This promise of the work on the Cross and His resurrection should have brought expressed joy to their souls, but it did not, because they still did not understand and were too self-centered at this time.
And finally, Jesus concludes the Upper Room Discourse in verses 30-31, by once again demonstrating His love for the Father, by expressing His humility, by being obedient to the Father’s will and plan, just as we should be obedient to the commandments of our Lord. And when we do, we too are demonstrating our love for Jesus (God the Son), which is also a demonstration of our AGAPE love for God the Father.
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In totality, the literal translation of John 14:1-31 is:
John 14:1, “Do not become discouraged in the mentality of your soul; keep on believing in God and in Me.”
John 14:2, “In my Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not true, I would have told you; I go to prepare a place for you”.
John 14:3, “If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself that where I am, there you may be also”.
John 14:4, “And where I go you all know the way.”
John 14:5, “Thomas said to Him, “Lord, we do not know where You are going, how are we able to know the way?”.
John 14:6, ““Jesus said to him (Thomas), I keep on being the entrance, the doctrine, the function of life: no one comes face to face with the Father, except through me.”
John 14:7, “If and you have known Me, you will also know My Father, and from this point forward you keep on knowing Him and have seen Him.”
John 14:8, “Philip said to Him, “Lord, demonstrate the Father to us, and we will then believe.””
John 14:9, “Jesus *said to him, “Have I been so long with you and yet you have not come to know Me Philip? He who has seen Me has seen the Father; How can you say, ‘Show (DEIKNUMI) us the Father’”?
John 14:10, “Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father is in Me? The words, that I speak to you I do not communicate from the source of myself, but the Father abiding in Me does His works.”
John 14:11, “Believe Me that I am in the Father and the Father is in Me; otherwise believe on account of the works themselves.”
John 14:12, “Truly, Truly I say to you all, He who believes in Me (breaks the log jam in their soul) the works that I do he will do also, and greater than these (works) he will do because I go to be face to the face with the Father.”
John 14:13, “And whatever you all ask in My Name, that I will do so that the Father may be glorified by means of the Son.”
John 14:14, “If you all ask, (maybe you will and maybe you won’t), anything in My name, I will do it.”
John 14:15, ““If you love Me, (maybe you will and maybe you won’t), you will guard (in your heart) My mandates (when you do love Me).”
John 14:16, “And I will ask the Father, and He will give (as an advantage to) you all another Helper (of the same kind, i.e. God), in order that He may be in (indwelling) you all forever.”
John 14:17, “That is the Spirit of Truth (Bible doctrine) whom the world is never able to receive because they do not perceive or know Him, but you all know Him because He continually abides beside you, and He will be inside you.”
John 14:18, “I will not leave you behind as orphans. I will come to (face to face with) you.”
John 14:19, “After a little while the world will no longer see Me, but you will see Me; because I live, you will live also.”
John 14:20, “In that day you all will know that I am in My Father, and you all in Me, and I in you.”
John 14:21, “The one (believer) that keeps on having and holding my mandates (Bible doctrine), and guards what belongs to him is the one who loves Me [The Lord Jesus Christ (TLJC)]. And the one loving Me will be loved by My Father, and I will love him, and I will make Myself known to him.”
John 14:22, “Judas (not Iscariot) said to Him, “Lord, What then has happened that you are about to make yourself known to us and not to the world?””
John 14:23, “Jesus answered and said to him, “If (maybe you will and maybe you won’t) anyone loves Me, he will guard (in his soul) my word (Bible doctrine); and My (Jesus’) Father (God the Father) will love him (believer) and We, (the Father and Son), will come face to face with him (the believer) and We (God the Father and Son), will make our abode (an ECS out of the temple of God) with him (by means of an intimate relationship).”
John 14:24, ““He who keeps on not loving Me, (TLJC), does not guard My words, (in his soul).” And the Word which you all hear, (GAP through the ear gate), is not Mine, (Jesus’), but the Father’s who sent me.”
John 14:25, “These things (doctrines) I have spoken (teaching during His incarnation), to you all (His disciples) while abiding with you (3 ½ year ministry).”
John 14:26, “But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name (all three members of the Trinity in view), He will teach (GAP) you all (the disciples) all things (Mystery Doctrine of the Church Age) and cause you to remember (launching pad of your soul) all that I taught you (during His incarnation).”
John 14:27, “Peace (supergrace benefit) I leave behind to you all, My peace I keep on giving to you all. Not as the world (Satan’s Cosmic System) gives do I give to you all. Do not keep on receiving anxiety in your heart (right lobe of our soul) nor be afraid.”
John 14:28, “You heard (previous doctrine taught) that I said to you all, “I will depart (crucifixion, burial, resurrection, ascension, and session) and I myself will come again face to face with you all (Rapture, Second Coming)”. If you had loved Me, yet you did not, you would have rejoiced (in the fact) that I am about to go to (face to face with) the Father, because the Father is greater than I (a reference to His submission to the Father’s Plan).”
John 14:29, “And now I have told you all before it (Mystery doctrine and prophecies) comes to pass, in order that when it does come to pass (fulfilment of doctrine and prophecies), you all might believe, (with the result of peace and joy in your hearts and souls).”
John 14:30, “I will no longer speak much (doctrine) with you all, for the ruler of this world (Satan in his cosmic system), is coming himself, and he has not one thing in Me.”
John 14:31, “And that the world may know that 1) I love the Father, and 2) I do exactly as He, (God the Father), has commanded Me. Arise, let’s go from here.”
The rest of this discourse, Chapters 15 & 16, takes place on the way to Gethsemane. The actual prayer of John 17 occurs in the Garden of Gethsemane, so the rest of this will be called the Gethsemane Discourse.
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