John 13 – Part 3 – Upper Room Discourse (vs. 21-38)

Upper Room Discourse Pt 10 John 13 vs 21-30John 13 – Upper Room Discourse, Pt 11

Outline for this Study:

Vs. 21-30, Concerning His Betrayal – Grace in Action.

  • 28-29, A Contrast Between Grace and Evil.

Chapter 13 Outline thus far:

Vs 1, The Love of Jesus Christ.

Vs 2, 18, 21-30, Demon Influence and Possession.

Vs 3, Personal Sense of Destiny – Plan of God – Dominion, Advent, Seated at the Right Hand of the Father.

Vs. 4, Priestly, Humble Servanthood of Jesus Christ – Preparation for Service.

Vs. 5, Humility for Service.

Vs. 6-7, Peter’s Objection Due to Ignorance. The Doctrine of the Grace Apparatus for Perception (GAP).

Vs. 8-11, Peter’s Misguided Zeal and Our Lord’s Response. Washing of the Feet, not Salvation Cleansing but Experiential Sanctification. He Shows Them the Rebound Technique. 1 John 1:9

Vs. 12, Learn from this Picture, Christ’s Completed Work for Our Spiritual Perfection.

Vs. 13-15, Jesus is Our Teacher and Lord; Our Role Model.

Vs. 16-20Five Principles from Foot Washing.

  • Vs. 16 – 1) The Servant Must have Authority Orientation.
  • Vs. 17 – 2) Knowledge and Application of Bible Doctrine Results in Happiness.
  • Vs. 18 – 3) God’s Omniscience Does Not Violate Our Human Volition.
  • Vs. 19 – 4) Bible Doctrine Prepares the Believer for Shocking Behavior.
  • Vs. 20 – 5) Bible Doctrine is Perpetuated after the Death of Christ.

Vs. 21-30, Concerning His Betrayal. (Grace in Action).

  • 28-29, A Contrast Between Grace and Evil.

John 13:21-30, “When Jesus had said this, He became troubled in spirit, and testified and said, “Truly, truly, I say to you, that one of you will betray Me. 22The disciples began looking at one another, at a loss to know of which one He was speaking. 23There was reclining at the height of Jesus’ chest one of His disciples, whom Jesus loved. 24So Simon Peter gestured to him, and said to him, “Tell us who it is of whom He is speaking.” 25He, leaning back again at the height of Jesus’ chest, said to Him, “Lord, who is it?” 26 Jesus then *answered, “That is the one for whom I shall dip the morsel and give it to him.” So when He had dipped the morsel, He *took and *gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot. 27 After the morsel, Satan then entered into him. Therefore Jesus *said to him, “What you do, do quickly.” 28 Now no one of those reclining at the table knew for what purpose He had said this to him.29 For some were supposing, because Judas had the money box, that Jesus was saying to him, “Buy the things we have need of for the feast”; or else, that he should give something to the poor. 30 So after receiving the morsel he went out immediately; and it was night.”

We start with John 13:21, “When Jesus had said this, He became troubled in spirit, and testified and said, “Truly, truly, I say to you, that one of you will betray Me.

The first verb of note in this passage is the word “troubled,” which is TARASSO –  ταράσσω (tar-as’-so) in the Greek. It means, “to stir up, to trouble, to agitate, shaken,” etc. Here it is in the Aorist, Passive, Indicative.  Which means that Jesus received the action of being agitated at the thought of Judas’ betrayal.

With this is the Neuter Dative of Sphere for TO PNEUMA meaning, “in the sphere of his spirit.”

Jesus in His deity is not troubled. God cannot be agitated. This is a reference to His humanity, so He was troubled “in spirit,” referring to His human spirit.  Sometimes, though rarely, the word means life in general and sometimes the combination of soul and spirit. But the point is that the inner life of Jesus’ humanity was disturbed as would be the case in any organization that had a traitor in its midst.  So, His spirit was rocked to the core, as it were, knowing what was about to happen. The betrayal begins the process that eventually results in His crucifixion.

This word is used elsewhere in describing Jesus’ emotional response to adversity.

  • John 11:33, Jesus deeply moved at the death of a dear friend Lazarus.
  • John 12:27, “Now My soul has become troubled; and what shall I say, ‘Father, save Me from this hour’? But for this purpose I came to this hour.”
  • It is also used in John 14:1when in comforting the disciples, Jesus did not want them to be distressed in spirit so He told them a Biblical promise, “in my Father’s house are many dwelling places,” also see verse 27.
  • Finally, we see how others can cause us to be distressed, Gal 1:7; 5:10.

Then we have the word for “testified” which is MARTUREO – μαρτυρέω (mar-too-reh’-o) in the Aorist, Active, Indicative and means, “to bear witness, to testify, give evidence, or add testimony.”

We would say that Jesus “gave evidence.”  This means that He is now presenting evidence as the star witness on the witness stand in Satan’s appeal trial of the Angelic Conflict.

John 18:37, “Therefore Pilate said to Him, “So You are a king?” Jesus answered, “You say correctly that I am a king. For this I have been born, and for this I have come into the world, to testify to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth hears My voice.””

Truly, truly,” as we noted in verse 20 is a point of Bible Doctrine, and in this case Biblical prophecy.

One of you,” it will be Judas Iscariot as we will soon see.

Then we have “will betray” which is the Greek compound word we have noted previously under the Doctrine of Betrayal, PARADIDOMI – παραδίδωμι (par-ad-id’-o-mee). It is made up from PARA and DIDOMI.  PARA – παρά (par-ah’) is a preposition meaning, “from beside, by the side of, by, beside, or above.”  DIDOMI – δίδωμι (did’-o-mee) meaning, “to give.”  So, PARADIDOMI comes to mean, “to hand over, to give or deliver over, or to betray.”

It is in the Future, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular indicating that Judas Iscariot has not betrayed Him as of yet, but this will occur before the night is over. The parallel verses to this are in Mat 26:21; Mark 14:18 and Luke 22:21.

A.T. Robertson states, “Jesus had said a year ago that “one of you is a devil” (John 6:70), but it made no such stir then. Now it was a bolt from the blue sky as Jesus swept his eyes around and looked at the disciples.”

Then in verses 22-25, we see the disciple’s reaction.

John 13:22-25, “The disciples began looking at one another, at a loss to know of which one He was speaking. 23There was reclining at the height of Jesus’ chest one of His disciples, whom Jesus loved. 24So Simon Peter gestured to him, and said to him, “Tell us who it is of whom He is speaking.” 25He, leaning back again at the height of Jesus’ chest, said to Him, “Lord, who is it?””

Verse 22, The Greek for “began looking” is BLEPO – βλέπω (blep’-o), which tells us there wasn’t a prolonged staring.  It means, “a quick glance.”  So, in bewilderment, they assessed one another.  APOREO – ἀπορέω (ap-or-eh’-o) means, “to be at a loss,” be perplexed, to be confused.”

Verse 23, The two words ANAKEIMAI – ἀνάκειμαι (an-ak-i’-mahee) meaning, “reclining,” and KOLPOS – κόλπος (kol’-pos) meaning, “bosom” and come to mean, “to recline at a table during a meal.”  They didn’t sit at tables in the ancient world.  The Romans had a couch on which they semi-reclined, feet at one end and head at the other. It means, “to recline at a table during a meal with one’s head at the level of someone’s chest.” There is no leaning on a chest.  KOLPOS doesn’t even have to refer to the chest, it also refers to, “the fold formed by a loose garment,” so it could be, “the fold of the garment over the chest.” So, John’s head is where the garment folds over the chest.

Whom Jesus loved.” This is John the son of Zebedee and brother of James. This is John’s description of himself of which he was particularly proud, John 19:26; 20:2; 21:7, 20.  It is the Imperfect, Active, Indicative of AGAPAO – ἀγαπάω (ag-ap-ah’-o).

The Ingressive Imperfect is used to indicate that Jesus began to have a relaxed mental attitude love toward John that continued on afterwards. This gives us a sense that Jesus had fewer problems, as it were, from John than from any of the other disciples. He had a relaxed mental attitude towards John.

Verse 24, Peter makes a request of John to ask Jesus of whom He was talking about with a “gesture,” that is a nod of his head.  Because of the close proximity of John and potentially the close relationship they had, Peter was hoping that Jesus would tell John who it was. The Greek word is NEUO – νεύω (nyoo’-o), which means, “to nod or to signal with a gesture.” It is often used for a face signal. Since Peter knew that he himself was not the traitor, he wanted to know who the traitor was.

Verse 25, John gets the signal, readjusts himself at the table, resuming the relaxed position he was in (but not with his head on Jesus’ chest, just near it or at the height of it) and confidently asks, “who is it.”

John 13:26, “Jesus then *answered, “That is the one for whom I shall dip the morsel and give it to him.” So when He had dipped the morsel, He *took and *gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot.”

Verse 26, Jesus then responds positively to the request, keeping His earlier promise of “telling them before it happens,” verse 19.  He tells them, “it is the one for whom I shall dip the morsel and give it to him.

Jesus did not blurt it out at this point to all of them. Instead, he responded privately to John, which gives Judas great privacy until he acts.  This is also seen in verses 28-29.  This is a second grace act on the part of our Lord. The first was not hindering Judas’ volitional privacy.

So, what was this dipping of the bread all about?  In ancient times, there was a point in the meal when someone was given a special reward.  PSOMION – ψωμίον (pso-mee’-on) for “morsel” is a special piece of bread dipped in some meat sauce, and it was always kept in the center of the table. It was given between the main course and the desert. No one would touch the plate until the host picked up a piece of bread and dipped it into this delicious sauce, and then offer it to one of the guests.  This was a high honor, a special honor.  When the person accepted it then the others were free to dip into the sauce themselves.

So when He had dipped the morsel (PSOMION) He took and gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot.


1) Even unbelievers are to be given grace in the hopes of salvation. This was a very unique grace appeal.  Jesus knew that Judas was a traitor and was already making arrangements to betray Him, and yet Jesus not only gave him his privacy, but also in offering him the PSOMION, He offered him the highest honor from the host.  In effect, whoever received the PSOMION became the guest of honor.  Judas Iscariot was the honored guest at the Last Supper!  That is grace!

2) Everyone is given one last chance for salvation, but unbelieving reversionism is a hard nut to crack. This was also the final invitation to salvation, the greatest of all grace appeals, but Judas Iscariot was an unbeliever in reversionism.  When Judas accepted the honor of the morsel, he perpetuated the hypocrisy of reversionism to the fullest.  He accepted this high honor with negative volition in his soul.  Jesus offered him this last chance, and when he turned it down, he becomes the first recorded person to be indwelt personally by Satan.

3) God’s love and grace never gives up on anyone, neither should you!  God’s love and grace never gave up on Judas Iscariot, nor does it give up on anyone else.  God is a gentleman, and He cannot go against the volition of the individual.  Judas was negative to the end and is a typical illustration of an unbeliever with scar tissue of the soul leading to emotional revolt of the soul which result in reversionism.

The Doctrine of Judas Iscariot

His Opportunities:

  • He was from the tribe of Judah, the same tribe as our Lord Jesus Christ; in effect, the ruling tribe of Israel, John 6:71. “Iscariot” or man of Kerioth tells us he was part of the tribe of Judah, Josh 15:25. Judas was the only one of the twelve not a Galilean.
  • Judas was called by Jesus Christ, Mat 10:4; Mark 3:19; Luke 6:16.
  • He was numbered as one of the twelve, Mat 10:4.
  • He was the treasurer, John 12:6; 13:29.
  • He was also present at the Last Supper, John 13:26.

The implications are that he was present at all of the discourses of our Lord between the time of his calling and the time of the Last Supper.

His Sowing:

  • He allowed himself to fall under demonic influence, John 13:2.
  • He protested the honoring of the Lord with perfume, John 12:3-9.
  • He was covetous, John 12:4-6.
  • He was a thief, John 12:6.
  • He bargained to betray the Lord Jesus Christ, Mark 14:10-11.
  • He was bribed to become a traitor, Mat 26:14-16.
  • He opened his heart to evil resulting in Satan’s possession during the betrayal, Luke 22:3; John 13:27.

As we saw previously, Jesus dealt with Judas in absolute grace.  Our Lord honored him by giving him volitional privacy and the honorable morsel to dip after the main course.  Judas repays our Lord’s gracious honor by kissing Him on the cheek, not out of love or friendship but to identify Him as a criminal, Mat 26:14, 47-50; Mark 14:43-45; Luke 22:47-48. Notice Jesus’ reply in Mat 26:50, as He still calls Judas, “friend.”

His Reaping:

  • He had remorse for his actions, yet did not come to repentant salvation, Mat 27:3-5.
  • He willfully betrayed the Lord, Mat 26:20-25; John 13:26-30.
  • Our Lord knew he was of the devil and would betray Him, John 6:64, 70-71.
  • He was demonically influence and possessed. Luke 22:3; John 13:2, 27.
  • Because of his betrayal, his name is always listed last among the lists of apostles.

1) When Judas saw that Jesus was condemned, he was conscience stricken.  Judas felt sorry for what he had done.

2) He confessed his sin when returning the silver, “I have betrayed innocent blood.”

3) He was sincere in his sorrow for what he had done.

4) He made restitution and gave back the 30 pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders.

Confession of sin(s) is for the believer only.  Repentance, confessing sins, and doing good works does not save anyone, and neither was Judas saved by these actions.  Judas Iscariot was an unbeliever and was not forgiven just because he confessed his sin or was sorrowful or gave back the money; nor did any of these things bring him salvation. Salvation is found only one way and that is through faith in the Savior alone, Eph 2:8-9, and Judas did not believe who Jesus truly was or why He had come.

5)  He committed suicide due to his remorse, Mat 27:5.

6)  His failed attempt resulted in crashing down onto a rock pile, Acts 1:16-20.

7)  He became a type of the antichrist, John 17:12; cf. 2 Thess 2:3

John 17:12, “While I was with them, I was keeping them in Your name which You have given Me; and I guarded them and not one of them perished (were destroyed) but the son of perdition (destruction), so that the Scripture would be fulfilled.”

2 Thess 2:3, “Let no one in any way deceive you, for it will not come unless the Rapture comes first, and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of perdition (destruction).”

8)  He was assigned “to his own place,” Hades, Acts 1:25; cf. Mat 26:24.

For a more detailed study of Judas Iscariot, click here.

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John 13:27, “After the morsel, Satan then entered into him. Therefore Jesus *said to him, “What you do, do quickly.” 

We now turn to the first half of verse 27, “And after the morsel, Satan then entered into him.”

And after the morsel,” KAI META – καί μετά (kahee met-ah) in the Accusative means, “and after,” with HO PSOMION – ὁ ψωμίον (ho pso-mee’-on), “the morsel of honor.”

Then” is next in the Greek with the Adverb TOTE – τότε (tot’-eh). It is an adverb of time, which means, “then,” “at which time,” or “at that time.”

Satan” is SATANAS –  Σατανᾶς (sat-an-as’) meaning, “adversary,” which is a title of the person we call Satan or the Devil, see verse 2. This is the only time the word Satan occurs in this Gospel. See also Luke 22:3.

Outline of Satan:

Originally, Satan was called Lucifer, the Son of Light. He was the bright and shining angel in the throne room of God, the highest-ranking creature of all time, the most beautiful and attractive in appearance and personality, and became the ruler of all fallen angels, Mat 8:28; 9:34; 12:26; Luke 11:18-19. 

He was the most perfect and beautiful creature to come from the hand of God. He has a voice like a pipe organ. He is superior in genius, beauty, personality, persuasiveness, and is invisible. As a creature Satan had a throne, Isa 14:13, “… I will raise my throne above the stars (angels) of God…”

He is a prehistoric super‑creature, Isa 14:12-17; Ezek 28:11-19. He was so brilliant in his defense during God’s trial that God created man to resolve the conflict.

Once his fall occurred in prehistoric times, he was called SATAN – שָׂטָן (saw-tawn’) in the Hebrew, which means, “enemy and adversary,” having greater power than we have. However, Satan’s power is not greater than God’s power.

He is the principal figure of the demonic world that is hostile to God and his will. In the Old Testament (for example, the Book of Job), Satan is presented as a distinct personality of darkness and accusation.

The chief of the fallen angels appears under at least forty designations. Of these, some are descriptive titles and some are proper names. When he is called “the accuser of our brethren,” (Rev. 12:10), a descriptive title appears.

In reviewing his names and tiles, there is much revealed about him. For example:

  • Satan, adversary, resister, and is Hebrew in origin; Rev 12:9.
  • Devil, which means accuser, or slanderer, and is Greek in origin, Mat 4:1.
  • Lucifer, son of the morning, which is his title in heaven before his fall, Isa 14:12.
  • Abaddon-Hebrew, Apollyon-Greek, destroyer, Rev 9:11.
  • Angel of the Abyss (bottomless Pit), leader of criminal fallen angels, Rev 9:11.
  • Angel of light (in disguise), 2 Cor 11:14.
  • Accuser of the Brethren, Rev 12:10.
  • Adversary, 1 Peter 5:8.
  • Beelzebub, lord of the flies, Mat 12:24, Mark 3:22.
  • Rulers of demons, Mat 12:24.
  • Ruler of this world, John 12:31; 14:30.
  • Ruler of darkness, Eph 6:12.
  • Prince of the power of the air, Eph 2:2.
  • God of this world, 2 Cor 4:4.
  • Belial, a false god, 2 Cor 6:15, 2 Sam 23:6.
  • Dragon, which implies his power; Rev 20:2.
  • Evil One, Mat 13:19.
  • Murderer, John 8:44.
  • Roaring Lion, 1 Pet 5:8.
  • Serpent, which implies his guile, Gen 3:4; Rev 20:2.
  • Tempter, Mat 4:3.
  • Unclean Spirit, Mat 12:43.

Because of Satan’s power, he is the source of disease, death, and miracle cures, Psa 109:6‑13. As a result of demon possession, certain abnormal activities occur. Satan uses demons to do many of the following.

  • He blinds through religion, verse 7.
  • He shortens life, verse 8a.
  • He removes people from authority, verse 8b.
  • He has the power of death, verse 9.
  • He persecutes children, verse 10.
  • He removes wealth, verse 11.
  • He turns everyone against you, verse 12.
  • He cuts off posterity to the second generation, verse 13.
  • He is a killer, Heb 2:14‑15; 1 John 3:8; Job 1:12, 18‑19; John 8:44; 1 John 3:12.
  • He executes believers under the sin unto death, 1 Cor 5:5; 1 Tim 1:19‑20.

The goal of Satan is to destroy God’s people and discredit the cause of Christ. He is not to be taken lightly. He is real. Our responsibility is to become aware of his methods but not be preoccupied by them.

We have greater power in us than Satan has. 1 John 4:4, “You are from God, little children, and have overcome them; because greater is He who is in you than he who is in the world.”

For a more extensive study on Satan / Satanology, click here. 

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John 13:27, “After the morsel, Satan then entered into him. Therefore Jesus *said to him, “What you do, do quickly.” 

Back in verse John 13:27, the next phrase is “entered into.” It is in the Ingressive Aorist, Active, Indicative of EISERCHOMAI – εἰσέρχομαι (ice-er’-khom-ahee), which means,” to go in, enter, to come inside,” etc., stressing the entrance into this state of satanic possession, while viewing the entirety of the action.

The word for “him” is the Demonstrative, Pronominal Adjective EKEINOS –  ἐκεῖνος (ek-i’-nos) meaning, “that one,” “he,” or “him.” This is a pronoun of remote reference and sets Judas apart from the company of the disciples.

So, here we see the possession of Judas Iscariot’s body by Satan. This is after the indictment of the previous verse, in which Judas accepted the highest honor at the dinner, while being in negative volition and in reversionism.

After the last offer, when the morsel of honor was offered to Judas, he had the greatest opportunity to accept Christ as his Savior, right then and there. The token of redemption and peace (found in the bread of life) which Jesus had offered, if it did not soften his heart would harden it. Unfortunately for Judas, he took the honor, but he did not take Christ as Savior.

The last thing necessary for Judas Iscariot to be Satan possessed had occurred. He needed one more negative signal and he was qualified. It came when he took the morsel of honor but refused to believe in Christ as Savior. As a result, he left himself wide open for Satan’s possession and Satan took that opportunity.

The case of Satan’s possession noted here is quite unusual. There are only two cases of Satan possession recorded in the Word of God. The first case is here and the second is the dictator of the revived Roman Empire in 2 Thess 2:8-12.

Satan possessing members of the human race does not occur during the Church Age, only demon possession does. This is because of the restraining ministry of God the Holy Spirit during this stage of the intensified Angelic Conflict, 2 Thess 2:6-7. Demon possession, however, does continue throughout the Church Age.

Judas Iscariot surrendered, not only his soul, but his body also to Satan. For this reason, two men in history will have maximum reversionism in life. Therefore, they are called “sons of perdition (destruction),” Judas Iscariot in John 17:12, and the dictator of the revived Roman empire in 2 Thess 2:3.

The word “perdition” is APOLEIA – ἀπώλειαn (ap-o’-li-a), which means, “destruction or ruin.” It is derived from the verb APOLLUMI – ἀπόλλυμι (ap-ol’-loo-mee) = (from destruction). There is another word that comes from APOLLUMI, which is Apolluón –  Ἀπολλύων (ap-ol-loo’-ohn) in Rev 9:11, used for Satan himself. So, the word perdition indicates being alive but totally ruined, because you are no longer your own master, you are controlled by Satan.

When Judas accepted the “sop,” he finally yielded to Satan, who entered into him, making Judas a child of the devil, John 8:44. Like the Holy Spirit, Satan works in and through human bodies and wills that are surrendered to him.

The Bible speaks of four different kinds of “spiritual children.”

  • We are born by nature children of wrathEph 2:3.
  • When we reach the age of accountability and deliberately sin, we become children of disobedienceEph 2:2.
  • When we put faith in Christ, we become the children of GodJohn 1:12.
  • The person who finally rejects the Savior and prefers self-righteousness (the devil’s substitute) becomes a child of the devil.

See Mat 13:24-30, 36-43, where the children of the devil are portrayed as counterfeit Christians.

Jesus pointed out the characteristics of the children of the devil in John 8:

  • They will not give place to the Word of God (v. 37).
  • They trust in the flesh, human works (v. 39).
  • They hate Christ and seek to kill Him (vv. 40, 44), Satan is a murderer and his children imitate him.
  • They do not love Christ or the things of Christ (v. 42).
  • They do not understand the Word, blinded by Satan (v. 43).
  • They are liars and love lies more than the truth (v. 44).
  • They will not hear the Word of God; they hate it (v. 47).

Remember, these “children of the devil” were not grossly immoral people; they were self-righteous religious people who rejected Christ. Many people today are deluded by Satan into an outward form of godliness that lacks the power of the Gospel, but these people think they are truly saved and going to heaven.

There are four major demon attacks on the human race.

  • The genetic attack on the antediluvian civilization in Gen 6:1-13.
  • The attack of demon influence, Cosmic viewpoint and distraction.
  • The attack of demon possession.
  • The attack of demon armies in the Tribulation, Rev 9.

Doctrine of Demon Possession


  • All demons are fallen angels under the command of Satan, in contrast to elect angels under the command of God.
  • Satan is the ruler of demons, Mat 9:34; 12:24; Mark 3:22; Luke 11:15.
  • Demons are called ministers of Satan, Luke 4:32‑36; 9:1; 4:2; John 10:21.
  • Demons are well-organized under Satan, Eph 6:10‑12. There is rank and authority in Satan’s organization. Every angel is smarter than all human beings.

Eph 6:12, “For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the powers, against the world forces of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places.”

  • “Powers” = Officers.
  • “Rulers of this world” = Counter Intelligence.
  • “Principalities” = Generals in Satan’s Forces.
  • “Spiritual wickedness in high place” = Privates, Lower Rank Demons.

Biblical Nomenclature:


  • SAIR – שָׂעִ֔ר means, “hairy, shaggy, rough one; used for a he‑goat, or a demon; a satyr.” Lev 17:7; 2 Chron 11:15; Isa 13:21; 34:14.
  • SHED – שֵׁדִים means, “idols or demons;” idols represent demons. It also means “destroyers,” a reference to human child sacrifice, Deut 32:17; Psa 106:37.


  • DAIMON – δαίμων (dah’-ee-mown) means, “demon,” Mat 8:31; Mark 5:12; Luke 8:29; Rev 16:14. This word almost always refers to a disembodied spirit, compare with Mat 12:43-45.
  • DAIMONION – δαιμόνιον (dahee-mon’-ee-on) refers to, “a specific category of demons determined by the context,” Mat 7:22; 9:33-34; 12:24-28; Mark 1:34, 39; Luke 4:33-35, 41; 8:27-38; 11:14-20; John 8:48-52; 1 Cor 10:20‑21.
  • DAIMONIODES – δαιμονιώδης (dahee-mon-ee-o’-dace) means, “demonic,” James 3:15.
  • DAIMONIZOMAI – δαιμονίζομαι (dahee-mon-id’-zom-ahee) means, “to be demon possessed or to be tormented by a demon,” Mat 8:16, 28, 33; 15:22; Mark 5:15-16, 18; or “to be influenced by a demon.”

Demon Possession Versus Demon Influence:

  • Demon possession is defined as demon invasion of the body of the unbeliever only. Generally, this occurs through the phallic cult or some form of way-out religion.
  • In contrast, demon influence is the demon invasion of the soul with satanic thought. Satanic thought isn’t just expressed in terms of evil, but in terms of improving this world, doing nice things for your fellow man, and supporting crusades. It is false thinking comprising of the policy and principles by which Satan operates.
  • All demonic activity is related to man’s free will; human consent must be involved. Demon possession never occurs apart from human consent; whereby, some form of bad decision is made, so that the demon can invade the body of the unbeliever only.
  • The believer is indwelt by God the Holy Spirit who makes a temple out of the body of the believer, 1 Cor 6:19-20. A demon cannot dwell in that temple.
  • The attack on the unbeliever is to line him up with Satan’s policy. The attack on the believer is to discredit him and to utilize him in some way against the Lord.

Decisions or Methods that Result in Demon Possession Include:

  • Idolatry1 Cor 10:19-21. Wherever idolatry is practiced today, there are demons behind the idols.
  • Drug addiction. Users of drugs are all liable to demon possession in the case of unbelievers, or demon influence in the case of those who are born again, Gal 5:20.
  • The phallic cult is a basis for contact with demonsIsa 2:6; Luke 8:2; Mark 16:9. This includes demonic orgiastic response, auto-eroticism, lesbianism, homosexuality, verbal response demons, promiscuity demons, group orgies, human sacrifice, idolatry, and unrestrained sexual lust. (In themselves, these things do not imply demon possession.)
  • Mental attitude sins carried to the extreme. Many cases of neurosis and psychosis are cases of demon influence, Mark 5, where the demon-possessed individuals had all of the characteristics of psychosis.
  • Religious reversionistic sensitivity, dabbling in the occult, playing with the Quija board, consulting mediums, the function of necromancyIsa 8:19. This is designed to turn the body and soul over to some higher type of power, i.e. demons.
  • However, idolatry is the basic system for demon possession, as taught in Lev 17:7; Deut 32:17; Psa 96:5; 106:37-39.
  • Demon influence, by way of contrast, is the infiltration of satanic thought into the soul of a believer or unbeliever1 Tim 4:1; Eph 4:17, or the substitution of emotion for thought. The believer enters demon influence through the various stages of reversionism.
  • Satan uses certain demons to produce disease or physical handicaps in human beings, Job 2:6-8; Mat 12:22; Luke 13:16; Acts 10:38. Demon influence attacks the body through demon‑induced illness. When the mentality of the soul is in certain conditions, it brings on certain kinds of diseases.

Demonism Related to Idolatry and Human Sacrifice:

  • Sacrifice to demons is prohibited by God, Lev 17:7; Deut 32:17.
  • Heathen nations and their worship were strictly demon possessed and influenced, Psa 96:5. The idols of these nations were demons.
  • Demon worship and idolatry included the most horrible sexual practices, such as; rape, homosexuality, bestiality, and the sacrifice of children, Psa 106:37‑39.

Two Goals of Demon Possession:

Angels of Light: They appear as servants of righteousness to deceive the weak into believing various falsehoods purported to be “true worship” or Christianity, 2 Cor 11:13-15.

They Teach a Worthless Savior:

1) John warned his readers to test the spirits, for demons influence false (human) prophets, 1 John 4:1-4. A major test of orthodoxy, though not the only one, was the affirmation of the reality of the Incarnation; for if Christ had not taken on Himself a human body, He could not have died and been our Savior.

2) Paul also warned of this attack on the Incarnation in the teachings of demons, 1 Tim 3:16-4:3. If 1 Tim 3:16 is a summary of truth contained in what was likely part of an early Christian hymn, then we may assume that demons attack not only the Incarnation, but also the historical resurrection and ascension of the Lord.

They teach a works salvation1 Tim 4:3-4: By promoting asceticism as a good work, they replace the grace of God with a works program for salvation.

They teach a libertine ethic: The “deep things of Satan,” undoubtedly promoted by his demons, attempt to teach people that wrong is right, Rev 2:20-24.

Roaring Lions1 Peter 5:8: They are wicked, unclean, and vicious. Many passages might be quoted in proof of this statement.

Mat 8:28, “When He came to the other side into the country of the Gadarenes, two men who were demon-possessed met Him as they were coming out of the tombs. They were so extremely violent that no one could pass by that way.”

Mat 10:1, “Jesus summoned His twelve disciples and gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every kind of disease and every kind of sickness.”

  • There seem to be degrees of wickedness represented by these spirits. Mat 12:43-45 states that the demon, returning to his house, “takes with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself.”
  • Demon possession explains supernatural phenomena. Supernatural phenomena includes such things as; “divine healing,” speaking in tongues, the rise of certain world rulers, certain wars, anti-Semitism, contacting the dead, etc. Demons attack both through weirdo activity and antithetically through culture and intellect.

Demon Possession Today:

The question is often raised whether demon possession exists at the present time. Although the authentic records of such control are mostly limited to the three years of the public ministry of Jesus, it is improbable that demon possession did not exist before that time, or has not existed since. It is reasonable to conclude that they like their monarch adapt their manner of activity to the culture of the age and locality. In the case of cultural recognition of God’s Divine Institutions and Divine Establishment Principles, God will impede gross demon activity, which results in the more sublime nature of false righteousness. In the case of cultures where there is an absence of that authority orientation, the more extravagant the manifestations of demon possession. Therefore, it is evident that they are not now less inclined than before to enter and dominate a body.

Demon possession in the present time is often unsuspected because of the generally unrecognized fact that demons are capable of inspiring a moral and exemplary life. This is further disguised by appearing as the dominating spirit of a “spiritist” or “medium.”

Missionaries observing conditions in heathen lands record the grosser manifestations of demon possession. These demons too, like their king, sometimes appear as “angels of light” but more often as “roaring lions.”

One description of voodoo possession in the country of Haiti is as follows. “The subject enters a trance like state (usually after undergoing convulsions), during which one of the loas enters his or her body and ‘rides’ it. The human personality is displaced by the superhuman, the human features take on the characteristics of the spirit’s desire (masculine or feminine, good or evil, old or young, crafty or honest), and the human throat utters the Ion’s words, some of them in wholly unintelligible ‘tongues.’ The possession may last minutes or hours or sometimes days, during which time the person invaded by the spirit is fed the spirit’s favorite food and drink (often quite impossible for unpossessed humans to consume) and offered his favorite diversions. Afterward, the human remembers nothing of his behavior as a god.” (Carter Harman, “The West Indies,” Life World Library [New York: Time, Inc., 1963], pp. 53-4).

The characteristics of demon-possession can be as varied as the activities of demons, ranging from mild to severe and even bizarre. A few specific symptoms of demon-possession are described in the Bible, which includes the following physical and mental abnormalities like:

  • Dumbness, blindness, and convulsions, Mat 9:32-33; 12:22; 17:15-18; Mark 1:26; 9:20; Luke 9:39.
  • Tendencies to self-destruction, Mat 17:15; Mark 5:5; Luke 9:42.
  • Abnormally violent, Mat 8:28.
  • Inflict suffering, illnesses, and deformities, Mark 9:20; Luke 9:29; 13:11-17.
  • Insanity, Mark 5:5; Luke 8:26-35; John 10:20.
  • Nakedness in public, Luke 8:27.
  • Grinding the teeth, Mark 9:18.
  • Living among dead bodies, Mark 5:3.
  • Superhuman strength, Mark 5:3-4; Luke 8:29; Acts 19:15-16.
  • Occult powers, Acts 16:16-18.

Satan uses healers in his false system of religion. Satan orders the removal of a demon induced illness and the person appears to be cured. He also “heals” in certain strategic times, like during the tribulation, Mat 24:24; Acts 19:13-14; 2 Thes 2:9; Rev 16:14.

Though demons can do these things in people, this does not mean that all illness comes from demon activity. The Bible clearly distinguishes demon-induced diseases from illnesses due to other more natural causes, Mat 4:24; Mark 1:32-42; Luke 7:21; 9:1; Acts 5:16.

Mat 4:24, “The news about Him spread throughout all Syria; and they brought to Him all who were ill, those suffering with various diseases and pains, demoniacs, epileptics, paralytics; and He healed them.”

Demonism and Judgment:

Demonism and possession was the basis for the administration of capital punishment, Lev 20:27. Authority Orientation is necessary to restrain demonism.

Jesus Christ controls history by the restraint of demonism.  An example of His control was the first-born judgment on Egypt, Exo 12:12. At the same time, demons were also judged, Num 33:4. Without the judgment of demons in Egypt, Israel would not have become a nation. Conversely, demons are powerless to change the course of history, Isa 19:3.

The nations of Canaan were destroyed because of their demon activity, Deut 18:9‑12. The same is true of Athens, Persia, Assyria, and the Mycenaeans. Military disaster can occur because of demon influenced leadership.

The practice of necromancy was the cause of personal judgment to Saul and Manasseh, 1 Chron 10:13‑14; 2 Kings 21:2‑9. The Jews reached the lowest form of apostasy because of demon activity.

Demonism brings the fifth cycle of discipline to a nation, Isa 47; Jer 27:6‑10.

Nebuchadnezzar came to Jerusalem on the basis of divination, Ezek 21:21 ff.

Demon Possession is a Source of the Present Tongues Movement:

  • Tongues was a sign to warn the Jews of the coming of the fifth cycle of discipline. They were warned by being evangelized in foreign languages for forty years. Isa 28:9‑13is said to be fulfilled in 1 Cor 14:21‑22.

1 Corinthians 1:22-24, “For indeed Jews ask for signs and Greeks search for wisdom; but we preach Christ crucified, to Jews a stumbling block and to Gentiles foolishness, but to those who are the called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.”

  • The first historical reference in Acts 2:1‑11states that the purpose is to turn cursing into blessing.
  • Tongues was given to the Gentiles in the early church at or just after salvation as part of the sign to Israel. To show that the Gentiles were also partakers of the gifts of the Holy Spirit entering them into the Royal Family of God for the Church Age, Acts 10:27-48. It also demonstrated the beginning of the changeover of client nation status from Jews to Gentiles, Rom 12:11-25, 30.
  • After the fall of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. and the completion of the Canon of Scriptures, the gift was removed, 1 Cor 13:8‑10.
  • Tongues continues to be perpetuated by Satan for his use in the Tribulation, 2 Thess 2:7‑12.
  • The mechanics of tongues is related to the Engastramuthos (ventriloquist) demons, Isa 8:19; 29:4; Rev 16:13‑14.
  • Tongues is a satanic cheap substitute for doctrine, 2 Cor 6:11‑16; Rom 16:17‑20.
  • Tongues becomes an authorized spiritual function again only in the Millennium, Joel 2:28‑29.

Should We be Afraid of Demon Possession or the Demon Possessed? 1 John 4:4; 2 Tim 1:7

“At times, I hear people talking about demons, and I am amazed at the great power they ascribe to the devil and his cohorts. While I certainly believe in demonic power, I don’t quake at the thought of it. I am in union with One who is so far greater than all the demons of hell put together that there truly is no comparison. The devil is a creature, made by God and always under God’s dominion. He exists only because God allows him to exist. He has no authority over God, no ability to win a victory over God, and no power equal to that of God. As believers, we should give very little credit to the devil and demons. They exist, they exert influence, but they are totally within the confines of God’s authority. The Bible states very clearly that the Holy Spirit resident in us is far superior to any power manifested by evil. John wrote, “You are of God, little children, and have overcome them (the false teachers, antichrists that reject the Person of Christ), because He who is in you is greater than he who is in the world.” (1 John 4:4)”. (Charles Stanley on Satan, Our Unmet Needs, page 33)


  • Demon possession can only occur to an unbeliever.
  • Demon possession never occurs apart from human consent, either consciously or unwittingly.
  • Some bad decision is made which results in demon invasion of the body of the unbeliever.
  • These decisions are related to cosmic involvement, idolatry, the occult, drugs, etc.
  • The phallic cult uses human sacrifice, idolatry, and unrestrained sexual lust.
  • Idolatry is a basic system for demon possession.
  • Passive submission to demons is accomplished through drug addiction, idolatry, the phallic cult, the deliberate development of emotional revolt of the soul, the satanic mass, and any prolonged involvement in the cosmic system.
  • Active submission to demon possession can be both violent and painful, Luke 13:11-17. This woman was positive, trying to get to Jesus and apparently couldn’t speak because of the demon.
  • Whenever Jesus cast out a demon, there was always some arrogant, self‑righteous, person standing around to challenge exorcism by Jesus, Mat 12:22-28; Luke 13:11-15.
  • In Mark 3:15, Jesus delegated the authority of exorcism to his disciples. In Acts 5:16; 8:7; 19:12, He delegated that authority to the apostles of the church.

Because demon possession involves human sacrifice, it was the basis for capital punishment under the laws of divine establishment, Lev 20:27.

  • In the control of historical trends, our Lord often judges demon activity, Exo 12:12.
  • Demons are powerless to control history, Isa 19:3.
  • Demon activity results in the administration of the fifth cycle of discipline, Deut 18:9-12.
  • Demons are often used by God for the administration of the sin unto death, 1 Cor 5:5; 1 Tim 1:19-20.
  • Demonization of a nation results in the destruction of that nation, Isa 47; Jer 27:6-10.
  • Satan uses certain demons to produce disease. Some diseases are demon induced. Healing is often Satan removing one of his demons to produce a cure.
  • Demon possession is a source of the current tongues movement.
  • The believer should not fear demon possession or the demon possessed.
  • Demon influence, like the activity of Satan, is prompted by two motives: both to hinder the purpose of God for humanity, and to extend the authority of Satan. Those demonically influenced, therefore, at the command of their king, willingly cooperate in all his God-dishonoring undertakings. Their influence is exercised both to mislead the unsaved and to wage an unceasing warfare against the believers, Eph 6:12.

John 13:2, 27, “During supper, the devil having already put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, to betray Him; (v.27) After the morsel, Satan then entered into him. Therefore Jesus said to him, “What you do, do quickly.””

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

The Second half of verse 27 states, “Therefore Jesus said to him, ‘What you do, do quickly’.”


OUN –  οὖν (oon) means, “therefore, then, or so.” It is a transitional conjunction. The transition is as follows: Satan had possessed Judas, Jesus then gives him a command to leave.

Said” is LEGO –  λέγω (leg’-o) meaning, “to say,” and is in the Historical Present (with a Past Tense force), Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular. Here Jesus is speaking to the Satan possessed Judas Iscariot. The asterisk in the NASB indicates a Past Tense English usage for a word in the Greek that has a Historical Present Tense force used in this case to vividly indicate the transition of topic. The Satan possessed Judas is removed from the scene.

AUTOS – αὐτός (ow-tos’) is the pronoun for “him” in the Third Person, Singular, Dative of Indirect Object case where the object is indirectly affected by the action of the verb. Jesus is saying something to the Satan possessed Judas. So “to him” is how it is translated.

What you do, do quickly” – HOS POIEO POIEO TACHUS

The first POIEO – ποιέω (poy-eh’-o) is in the Present, Active, Indicative, Second Person Singular, poieis and it should be translated, “What you are doing.” In other words, Jesus is saying “you are already betraying me in your soul.”

He then gives the second POIEO as a command, “do quickly!” POIEO here is in the Aorist, Active, Imperative, Second Person, Singular poiēson. This is an Ingressive Aorist meaning, “begin to do it.” The Imperative Mood is used for the command.

This is linked with the comparative adverb TACHUS –  ταχύς (takh-oos’) that means quick or swift. The comparative is between the betrayal that Judas has been doing in his heart that includes what he has previously done to set up the betrayal of our Lord, with the final act of leading the Pharisees to him in order to arrest him.

Therefore, we could say, “what you are doing (betraying me in your heart), do more swiftly (overtly).”

Jesus commands Judas who is under the personal control of the devil to act more quickly than originally planned. The original plan might have been to leave after supper or sometime the next morning, maybe while they were asleep. When Jesus commanded Judas to leave, He was ultimately commanding the devil to leave.

Therefore, we have a principle:  The Lord Jesus Christ in His humiliation is infinitely more powerful than all of the power that Satan has or ever will have, even though at that time and right now Satan is the ruler of this world.

As we have stated previously, while Satan is absent Jesus gives chapters 14-16, the Upper Room Discourse, and Chapter 17 His prayer. Satan does not get back to the scene until Judas comes leading the Romans and the Jewish temple guard to Gethsemane in Chapter 18. That means from sundown until about midnight the Lord Jesus Christ will be alone with the disciples. Satan will not be there and neither will Judas Iscariot. Satan has to stay with his reversionist until the betrayal, and therefore he stays inside Judas Iscariot during the critical time when the Lord Jesus Himself will present the whole outline of the Church Age. He will introduce the mystery doctrine and He will introduce the Church.


  • Reversionism creates a total disillusionment. In this case it caused Judas to go from psychopathic to psychotic, which eventuated in his possession and attempt to kill himself.
  • As a result of reversionism in an unbeliever, they can come into direct contact with Satan or a demon(s).
  • The unbeliever cannot drink the cup of the Lord and at the same time drink the cup of Satan, 1 Cor 10:21.

“Paul uses the Lord’s Supper to illustrate his point that while idols are not real (1 Cor 8:4-6), Satan can use idols to lead people astray. This is not superstition, for Deut. 32:17 & 21 clearly teach that demons can be worshiped through idols. Just as the believer has fellowship (communion) with Christ in partaking of the cup and loaf, and just as Old Testament priests had fellowship with God as they feasted on the sacrifices from the altar, so an idolater has fellowship with demons in his idolatrous feast. Paul is actually describing “Satan’s communion service” here! Just as Satan has a counterfeit church and gospel, so he has a counterfeit communion service. Anthropologists may study and admire heathen worship and idols, but God says the whole system is of the devil and is actually demon worship. Wherever there are idols, there will be demons.

Christians must take care not to get involved in the devil’s religion. Not everything that passes for Christianity is Scriptural. We may think we are sharing half-heartedly in a religious ceremony, when actually we are opening ourselves up to Satanic attack. The recent rise of Satanism ought to be a warning to the church.” Warren Wiersbe, Commentary on 1 Cor 10:14-22

  • The unbeliever, like Judas, rejects the cup of the Lord that represents the cross and salvation. Therefore, before the cup is served and before Jesus makes an issue out of the cup (which represents His blood), Judas must be eliminated from the Last Supper.
  • Our Lord honored Judas with the morsel, then dismissed the unbeliever, and then instituted the Lord’s Supper meant for believers only.

John 13:28-29, A Contrast Between Grace and Evil:

John 13:28-29, “Now no one of those reclining at the table knew for what purpose He had said this to him. 29For some were supposing, because Judas had the money box, that Jesus was saying to him, “Buy the things we have need of for the feast;” or else, that he should give something to the poor.”

Principle: Jesus has a respect for the traitor’s privacy.

The phrase, “no one of those reclining at the table” indicates complete privacy for Judas Iscariot.

The word “knew” is a Constative Aorist, Active, Indicative of GINOSKO – γινώσκω (ghin-oce’-ko), which means, “to understand the action, to perceive what is going on.” Apart from Peter and John, the disciples did not know from the observation of the morsel dipping exactly what was going on, and they didn’t have any clue that Judas was a traitor at this time. Jesus respected both the volition and the privacy of Judas even though he was a traitor, and He did not publicly rebuke him nor condemn him.

For what purpose” is the Interrogative TIS – τίς (tis) for “what,” plus the Accusative Preposition PROS –  πρός (pros) that means, “for the sake or purpose of;” literally, “for what reason.”

He said this” is the Culminative Aorist, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of LEGO – λέγω, a reference to the command given early to leave, “he had said this.”

To him” is the Pronoun AUTOS – αὐτός (ow-tos’) in the Dative of Indirect Object.

Then in verse 29 we have “for some were supposing.

We start with GAR – γάρ (gar) and TIS, this time as an indefinite meaning, “some or someone,” “for some.”

The word for “supposing” is the Imperfect, Active Indicative of DOKEO – δοκέω (dok-eh’-o), which means, “think, suppose, consider, or imagine.” It is used for subjective thinking, to have an opinion, or to seem. The disciples themselves were trying to stick their noses into it and became subjective.

The Ingressive Imperfect means they began to have this subjective thinking and it continued for some time.

“Because Judas had the money box that Jesus was saying to him,” this was the basis for their subjective thinking. Judas was the treasurer and kept the ministry’s purse.

They came to two conclusions, that he was instructed to “buy in the market place the things we have need of for the feast, or else that he should give something to the poor.” This is what they thought Jesus had said. In other words, they are trying to intrude and to speculate.

“The feast” is the Feast of Unleavened Bread beginning after the Passover meal and lasting eight days.

Principles of the Contrast Between Grace and Evil:


  • Jesus washed the feet of the unbeliever –  vs. 5-12 (lesson of forgiveness).
  • He taught the unbeliever about sacrifice and service –  vs. 12-17.
  • He gave the unbeliever privacy to make his own decisions –  vs. 18-26, 28-29.
  • He openly warned him, thus giving Judas every opportunity to change his mind –  vs. 10, 18, 20, 21, 26.
  • He honored the unbeliever –  vs. 26.


  • The unbeliever received without gratitude. He accepted the material blessings but not the spiritual blessings –  vs. 30.
  • Satan did not allow the unbeliever to make his own decisions –  vs. 2 & 27.
  • Evil forces decisions and actions.
  • Evil operates at night –  vs. 30 with Luke 22:53; 1 Thess 5:4-10.

Continuing in John 13:30, “So after receiving the morsel he went out immediately; and it was night.”

“After receiving the morsel” is the Aorist, Active, Participle of LAMBANO – λαμβάνω (lam-ban’-o).

It is a Culminative Aorist, showing that the action had been completed, “he had received it.”

It also precedes the action of the main verb, “he went out” – EXERCHOMAI – ἐξέρχομαι (ex-er’-khom-ahee). He first received the highest honor, and then he departed to betray the Lord Jesus Christ.

The word for “he” is the same as used in verse 27EKEINOS – ἐκεῖνος (ek-i’-nos), literally meaning, “that one.” It signifies the difference between Judas and the other disciples.

This shows us a principle of separation. Judas made the final decision to leave, albeit that he was at this time possessed by Satan. Ultimately, it was his choice to sever himself from the group of believers.

It is a dangerous thing to be a person like Judas. In Mark 14:21, Jesus said, “It were good for that man if he had never been born!” Judas pretended to be a Christian; he played with sin; he put off salvation; and any person who does these things may end up wishing he or she had never been born. We don’t know everything about Judas, but we know that he made a deliberate choice when he betrayed Christ.

Then we have “immediately” – EUTHEOS –  εὐθέως (yoo-theh’-oce) which is the Adverb meaning, “straight away, forthwith, or immediately.”

The passage ends with “and it was night,” which is EIMI DE NUX.

It begins with the Imperfect, Active, Indicative of EIMI – εἰμί (i-mee’), which means, “it kept on being.”

The conjunction DE –  δὲ (deh) usually means, “but,” yet here it means, “and.”

Finally, NUX – νύξ (noox) is the Nominative noun meaning, “night.”

So, together it means, “and it kept on being night.”

Although it was night, that did not hinder Judas making his way to Jerusalem and the Chief Priests. There were many perils at night but that did not hinder him; in fact, it is the choicest of times for those performing evil.

Doctrine of Night / Darkness in Relation to Evil

1)  John 13:30, “it kept on being night,” symbolically signifies the darkness of Judas’ heart, his soul was black as night. This then was the hour for the power of darkness to perform, Luke 22:53.

Luke 22:53, “While I was with you daily in the temple, you did not lay hands on Me; but this hour and the power of darkness are yours.”

Eph 6:12, “For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the powers, against the world forces of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places.

Judas knew the significance of the morsel, yet he chose to continue in his rejection of the Messiah and instead desired 30 pieces of silver. Therefore, he rushed down the road of sin. He was drawn away by his lusts and ambition. Once his lust had conceived, it brought forth sin. When the sin was complete or full [PLEROO – πληρόω (play-ro’-o)], it brought forth his death, James 1:14-15; cf. Mat 27:5; Acts 1:18.

James 1:14-17, “But each one is tempted when he is carried away and enticed by his own lust. 15Then when lust has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is accomplished, it brings forth death. 16Do not be deceived, my beloved brethren. 17Every good thing given and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shifting shadow.”

2) As Judas, the unbeliever became like the night in darkness in his betrayal, our Lord is the Light come into the world, Psa 104:20; cf. John 8:12; 9:5.

Psa 104:20, “You appoint darkness and it becomes night, in which all the beasts of the forest prowl about.”

John 8:12, “Then Jesus again spoke to them, saying, ‘I am the Light of the world; he who follows Me will not walk in the darkness, but will have the Light of life’.”

John 9:5, “While I am in the world, I am the Light of the world.”

3) The contrast between light and darkness is first noted in the restoration of planet earth, Gen 1:2-5.

Gen 1:2-5, “The earth was [TOHU WAW BOHU] formless and void (waste and emptiness), and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving (hovering) over the surface of the waters. 3Then God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light. 4God saw that the light was good; and God separated the light from the darkness. God called the light day, and the darkness He called night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day.”

The restoration of light to creation typifies the incarnation of the Son of God who is the Light of the world, John 12:35-36, 46.

John 12:35, “So Jesus said to them, “For a little while longer the Light is among you. Walk while you have the Light, so that darkness will not overtake you; he who walks in the darkness does not know where he goes. 36While you have the Light, believe in the Light, so that you may become sons of Light.””

John 12:46, “I have come as Light into the world, so that everyone who believes in Me will not remain in darkness.”

4) The believer in Christ is also the light of the world, Mat 5:14-16.  The believer is reflecting the Light of the world, the Lord Jesus Christ when he is in fellowship with God, by obeying the Father’s will as it is revealed by the Spirit through the communication of the Word of God, Phil 2:15.

Philippians 2:15, “So that you will prove yourselves to be blameless and innocent, children of God above reproach in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom you appear as lights in the world.”

5) Light and darkness are used as an analogy of separation, Gen 1:14-19, (There we also see the analogy of the believer as reflecting the light of Christ.).

Likewise, the believer is to be separated from evil, Rom 13:12; 2 Cor 6:14; Eph 5:8-17; Col 1:13; 1 Thess 5:4-10; 1 Peter 2:9; 1 John 1:5-6; 2:9-11.

Rom 13:12, “The night is almost gone, and the day is near. Therefore let us lay aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light. 13Let us behave properly as in the day, not in carousing and drunkenness, not in sexual promiscuity and sensuality, not in strife and jealousy. 14But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh in regard to its lusts.”

6) Evil loves the darkness and hates the light; Job 24:13; John 1:5; 3:16-21; 8:12; 12:35, 46.

Job 24:13, “Others have been with those who rebel against the light; they do not want to know its ways nor abide in its paths. 14The murderer arises at dawn; he kills the poor and the needy, and at night he is as a thief.”

John 1:5, “The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.”

John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life. 17For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world might be saved through Him. 18He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. 19This is the judgment, that the Light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the Light, for their deeds were evil. 20For everyone who does evil hates the Light, and does not come to the Light for fear that his deeds will be exposed. 21But he who practices the truth comes to the Light, so that his deeds may be manifested as having been wrought in God.”

7) Darkness exists in the thought pattern of the soul. Evil and degeneracy start with a thought, Mat 6:23; 15:18-19.

Mat 6:23, “But if your eye is evil, the entire body is full of darkness (cosmic involvement).”

Mat 15:18-19 “But the things that proceed out of the mouth come from the heart (right lobe of the soul), and those defile the man. For out of the heart comes evil thoughts.”

8) Fear is related to Darkness, Gen 15:12; Exo 10:21-22; Job 15:22-24; John 3:19-20.

Gen 15:12, “Now when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and behold, terror and great darkness fell upon him.”

This passage is a prophecy of the darkness that would befall Israel, “sun going down,” in her decline as a people, leading to the rejection of the Messiah.  “A deep sleep” is analogous to death.  “Terror and great darkness” speaks to the fear of death, especially a death that results in eternity in Sheol.  In comparison with Hebrews 2:15, we see that this is the mental attitude of the legalist who through fear maintain their false religious systems. Christ came to free man of that fear by bringing light to the darkness.

9) John presents the conflict between light and darkness. Light symbolizes salvation, holiness, and life; while darkness stands for condemnation, sin, and death. John speaks of four different kinds of darkness:

Mental darknessJohn 1:5-8, 26, the minds of sinners are blinded by Satan, 2 Cor 4:3-6, and they cannot see spiritual truths.

Moral darknessJohn 3:18-21, the unsaved love sin and hate the light.

Judicial darknessJohn 12:35-36, if men don’t obey the light, God sends the darkness and Christ is hidden from them.

Eternal darknessJohn 12:46, to “remain” in darkness means to live in hell forever.

In John 12:42-50, he quotes Christ and shows why many people reject the light. Some reject Christ because of the fear of man, verses 42-43.  Rev 21:8 lists the kind of people who will go to hell, and at the head of the list are the fearful.

10) Judgment is related to darkness, Deut 28:29; 1 Sam 2:9; Prov 20:20; Isa 5:20; Mat 8:12; 22:13; 25:30, (the outer darkness); 2 Peter 2:4, 17; Jude 1:6, 13.

Isa 5:20, “Woe to those who call evil good, and good evil; who substitute darkness for light and light for darkness; who substitute bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter!”

11) Light is given to overcome evil (darkness) and protect the believer, Prov 2:10-15; Acts 26:18; John 11:9; Col 1:12.

Rom 12:9, “Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor what is evil; cling to what is good.”

Acts 26:18, “To open their eyes so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the dominion of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who have been sanctified by faith in Me.’”

John 11:9-10, “Jesus answered, “Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day, he does not stumble, because he sees the light of this world. 10But if anyone walks in the night, he stumbles, because the light is not in him.””

Prov 2:10-15, “For wisdom will enter your heart and knowledge will be pleasant to your soul; 11discretion will guard you, understanding will watch over you, 12to deliver you from the way of evil, from the man who speaks perverse things; 13from those who leave the paths of uprightness to walk in the ways of darkness; 14Who delight in doing evil and rejoice in the perversity of evil; 15whose paths are crooked, and who are devious in their ways.”

Eccl 2:13-14, “And I saw that wisdom excels folly as light excels darkness. 14The wise man’s eyes are in his head, but the fool walks in darkness.”

12) Bible Doctrine resident in the Soul protects the believer from the evils of darkness. 2 Sam 22:29; Psa 18:28; Prov 2:10-15; 2 Cor 4:6

2 Sam 22:29 & Psa 18:28, “For You are my lamp, O LORD; and the LORD illumines my darkness.”

13) The Balance of Residency of the soul [Maximum Bible doctrine in the soul ready for application plus the filling of God the Holy Spirit; i.e., residence, function, momentum inside God’s Power System (GPS)] avoids thinking evil. It takes lots of Bible doctrine to reject evil, Prov 23:7-9.

2 Cor 4:6, “For God, who said, “Light shall shine out of darkness,” is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the Light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.”

14) There will be no night or darkness in the eternal kingdom of God, Rev 21:22-27; 22:5.

Upper Room Discourse Pt 11 John 13 vs 31-35John 13 – The Upper Room Discourse, Pt 11

Outline For This Study:

Vs. 31-35, Concerning His Departure.  Love in Action.  God’s Provision for the Believer.

  • Vs. 31-32 – God is Glorified in the Body of Christ.
  • Vs. 33, 36-38 – Jesus Predicts His Resurrection.  Peter’s Misguided Remarks.
  • Vs. 34 – A New Commandment.
  • Vs. 35 – Christ Seen in You!

Chapter 13 Outline thus far:

Vs 1, The Love of Jesus Christ.

Vs 2, 18, 21-30, Demon Influence and Possession.

Vs 3, Personal Sense of Destiny – Plan of God – Dominion, Advent, Seated at the Right Hand of the Father.

Vs. 4, Priestly, Humble Servanthood of Jesus Christ – Preparation for Service.

Vs. 5, Humility for Service.

Vs. 6-7, Peter’s Objection Due to Ignorance. The Doctrine of the Grace Apparatus for Perception (GAP).

Vs. 8-11, Peter’s Misguided Zeal and Our Lord’s Response. Washing of the Feet, not Salvation Cleansing but Experiential Sanctification. He Shows Them the Rebound Technique. 1 John 1:9

Vs. 12, Learn from this Picture, Christ’s Completed Work for Our Spiritual Perfection.

Vs. 13-15, Jesus is Our Teacher and Lord; Our Role Model.

Vs. 16-20Five Principles from Foot Washing.

  • Vs. 16 – 1) The Servant Must have Authority Orientation.
  • Vs. 17 – 2) Knowledge and Application of Bible Doctrine Results in Happiness.
  • Vs. 18 – 3) God’s Omniscience Does Not Violate Our Human Volition.
  • Vs. 19 – 4) Bible Doctrine Prepares the Believer for Shocking Behavior.
  • Vs. 20 – 5) Bible Doctrine is Perpetuated after the Death of Christ.

Vs. 21-30, Concerning His Betrayal. (Grace in Action).

Vs. 28-29, A Contrast Between Grace and Evil.

Vs. 31-35, Concerning His Departure.  Love in Action.  God’s Provision for the Believer.

  • Vs. 31-32 – God is Glorified in the Body of Christ.
  • Vs. 33, 36-38 – Jesus Predicts His Resurrection.  Peter’s Misguided Remarks.
  • Vs. 34 – A New Commandment.
  • Vs. 35 – Christ Seen in You!

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Vs. 31-32 – God is Glorified in the Body of Christ.

Two points:

  • His work is done.
  • His departure.

John 13:31-32, “Therefore when he had gone out, Jesus said, “Now is the Son of Man glorified, and God is glorified in Him; 32[if God is glorified in Him], God will also glorify Him in Himself, and will glorify Him immediately.”

Therefore when he had gone out, Jesus said.”  The reference is to the Satan possessed Judas Iscariot as having left the Supper upon Jesus’ command, “what you do, do quickly” in verse 27.

This also indicates that Jesus was previously speaking under some restraint until the traitorous unbeliever had departed. Note the contrast in the mindset of our Lord now that Judas and Satan had left compared to verse 21.

Now that Satan and the unbeliever had left, He could disclose His most intimate feelings and teachings for the Church. It was to His faithful that He unfolded the burden on His soul and explained in detail the meaning behind the message, Mark 4:33-34; 9:30-31.

Mark 4:33-34, “With many such parables He was speaking the word to them, so far as they were able to hear it; 34and He did not speak to them without a parable; but He was explaining everything privately to His own disciples.”

Principle: Once the hindrance is removed, freedom of thought excels.

Click here to go to Doctrine of Separation  

So, Jesus reminds them what He previously had disclosed to them in John 12:23. Notice also that he did not verbally rip apart Judas upon his departure. He did not complain about what Judas was about to do to Him. This is AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) love and grace in action.  He also did not begin to whine about what He would suffer. No!  He immediately noted how God would fulfill His promise of glorifying Him once His work was complete.

Now” is the adverb NUN –  νν (noon) meaning, “from this point forward” that modifies the verb “glorified” that follows.

“The Son of Man” is the prophesized title of the Messiah being the Son of Abraham and the Son of David. This emphasized His humanity and marked Him as man’s substitute in God’s redemptive work.

Is glorified” is the Aorist, Passive, Indicative of DOXAZO – δοξάζω (dox-ad’-zo), which means, “to render or esteem glorious, to honor, to glorify, to magnify, to beautify, to clothe with splendor.”

This is a Futuristic Aorist Tense used to describe an event that is not yet past, as though it were already completed. The Cross was not yet completed, but was a certainty from our Lord’s perspective.

The Passive Voice say that Jesus Christ receives the glorification from the Father as a result of His yet future completed work.

The Indicative Mood is the reality of the glorification of Christ. The same concept is found in Hebrews 2:9-15. Therefore, we translate this as “has been glorified.”

With the glorification of Christ, the Angelic Conflict shifts gears and enters into its intensified stage. There are two periods to the intensified stage of the Angelic Conflict: The Mystery Stage (Church Age); the Overt Stage (Tribulation).

With the Aorist Tense, Indicative Mood, the word “glorified” in verses 31-32 refers also to His glorification in Past Tense. A reason for this is because His mind has been made up to fulfill the will of the Father, see verse 3.  Just as Judas’ mind was set on the fulfillment of evil, our Lord’s was set on fulfillment of Divine good.

Finally, “glorified” also means, “to be made known.”  At this time and forward, the Son and Father would ultimately be revealed throughout the world because of the completed work of the Cross. The purpose for Christ coming into the world was to make the Father known by the Son becoming known.

Therefore, the “glorification of the Son of Man” is emphasized here, because this is a glorification His Deity could not accomplish for the simple facts that:

  • His Deity is already fully glorified, and
  • His Deity could not suffer for sin, pay the penalty for sin, or literally die.

Only in His humanity could these things be accomplished, followed by resurrection, ascension, and session. Therefore, humanity was a necessity, and as a result of fulfilling the Father’s plan in His humanity, He received glorification from the Father. Likewise, we can say that the Cross was the means by which He was glorified, Luke 24:26; 1 Peter 1:10-11.

Luke 24:26, “Was it not necessary for the Christ to suffer these things and to enter into His glory?”

1 Peter 1:10-11, “As to this salvation, the prophets who prophesied of the grace that would come to you made careful searches and inquiries, 11seeking to know what person or time the Spirit of Christ within them was indicating as He predicted the sufferings of Christ and the glories to follow.”

Glorified is used five times in these two passages which is the number of grace, indicating God’s grace plan of salvation and glorification.

Then we have “and God (the Father) has been glorified in Him (the Son).

By Christ suffering on the Cross, the Father was glorified through obedience to His will. As a result of the accomplished work of Jesus upon the Cross, God’s plan of redemption, expiation, reconciliation, and salvation have been accomplished. Therefore, the Plan of God is glorified through the completed work of His Son, resulting in the eternal salvation of His people.

This also reflects on their intimate relationship as noted in John 10:30, “I and the Father are one.” And Christ’s authority orientation as noted in 13:16.

Glorified is once again the Greek word DOXAZO – δοξάζω (dox-ad’-zo) in the Futuristic Aorist, Passive, Indicative that indicates God receives glorification by Christ being seated at the right hand of the Father.  It sees that moment of time when the Father said to the Son, “sit down at my right hand” as though it has already occurred. The Father receives honor in that His Plan is completed in glorifying Christ, and therefore we have the reality of the glorification of the Father based on Christ’s completed work.

The Father is glorified, because his covenant transactions were brought about, His law and justice were satisfied and the salvation of His people finished. As a result, His wisdom, power, truth, faithfulness, justice, righteousness, holiness, love, grace, and mercy are glorified.

Then turning to verse 32 we have an “if” statement that is omitted in a number of early manuscripts but most scholars believe it was an errant omission and regardless to the fact, the context of this statement calls for the “if” statement. This is a first-class conditional if, “if and it is true.”

If God (the Father) is glorified in Him” is a Gnomic Aorist, Passive, Indicative of DOXAZO – δοξάζω (dox-ad’-zo). The Gnomic Aorist means this is a timeless, general absolute fact. From eternity past, God has been glorified by the fact of His Son’s completed work upon the Cross.

Next, we have the “then” statement. “God will also glorify Him.” Here we have a straight up Future Tense, Active Voice, and Indicative of DOXAZO – δοξάζω (dox-ad’-zo), which is a very rare type of future, a Gnomic Future. It indicates the idea that the event will take place and that such events are true.

Gnomic Aorist followed by a Gnomic Future is a very rare construction, and it indicates that both the Father and the Son are mutually glorified at the point at which Jesus Christ was seated at the right hand of the Father as the God-Man.

Then we have “in himself” in the Dative of Sphere Case. It means, “in the sphere of Him,” literally. This means that God the Father glorifies Christ and Himself in the sphere of that moment when Christ is seated at the right hand of the Father.

It speaks of the unity “being” between the Father and Son, compared with John 17:5, “glorify Me together with Yourself,” which is speaking of simple unity of position, B.F. Westcott.

God the Father is the source of our Lord’s glorification, and the Father is glorified as a result of the Son’s glorification, just as the Son is glorified in the Father’s glorification.

Finally, we have, “and will glorify Him immediately.

The adverb EUTHUS – εθύς (yoo-thoos’) means, “immediately, straight, or straightway.”

This immediate glorification is another Gnomic Future, Active, Indicative of DOXAZO – δοξάζω (dox-ad’-zo). This refers to the fact that the resurrection and glorification of our Lord will happen very soon and is an absolute reality.

“Immediately” God the Father will raise His Son so that the Son will not see corruption or decay, Psalm 16:10; 49:9; Acts 2:27, 31; 13:34-37. On the third day, He will be raised.

This also fulfills the principle of 1 Sam 2:30, “…but now the LORD declares, ‘Far be it from Me—for those who honor Me I will honor…”

So, this is speaking of the imminent resurrection, ascension, and session of the God Man Jesus Christ in Hypostatic Union following His death.

Therefore, when Jesus says in verse 33, “where I am going you cannot come,” He is not just speaking about His imminent resurrection but is also speaking of the glorified position He will receive upon His resurrection. In verse 36, He tells Peter and the disciples that they will too be united with He and the Father in heaven, but as far as His own personal glorification, they cannot follow. This is the continuation of the idea first noted in Mat 20:20-27.

As we noted previously, this is not only indicating the future manifestation of God when He will be fully known, but it is a revelation of God “now” so that the world might believe. Man cannot believe unless he sees God in Christ and Christ in His disciples, John 17:5-21.

In conclusion, God revealed His love by sending Jesus into the world to give His life on the Cross. Therefore, on the one hand, God is glorified as the God of love and mercy in Christ, but on the other hand, He is known (glorified) as the God of righteousness and justice (i.e. holiness).

Doctrine of Glorification


The glory of God refers to the sum total of His Divine essence or to any part of His Divine essence. Glory always has the connotation of honor inherent in a person, distinction, greatness, renown, fame, nobility, or majesty.

David, who in recognizing God’s grace and rulership over Israel, states the principle of the glory of God in Psa 21:5-6.

Psa 21:5-6, “His glory is great through Your victory (salvation), splendor and majesty You place upon him. 6For You make him most blessed forever; You make him joyful with gladness in Your presence.”

“Glory” refers to God’s integrity.

“Greatness” refers to His other attributes.

Deut 5:24, “Behold, the Lord our God has shown us His glory and His greatness.”

There is a point at which we see God for the first time and we understand His glory.  You cannot see the greatness of God until you can see the glory of God.  Seeing the glory of God is seeing the integrity of God through pertinent Bible doctrine.

Rom 3:23 says that “we all fall short of the glory of God.” To fall short of the glory of God is to fall short of His integrity, that is not knowing and or applying it in our lives. His integrity is made up of His righteousness and justice. God’s perfect righteousness rejects our sin, and His justice accepts our faith in Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of our sins.

God’s glory is the source of the “wisdom” – EPIGNOSIS – πίγνωσις (ep-ig’-no-sis) doctrine in our right lobe, which causes Occupation with Christ. Eph 1:17

Eph 1:17, “That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give you a spirit of wisdom even from the source of revelation by means of EPIGNOSIS knowledge from Him.”

How the Believer Glorifies God:

God is glorified at the moment of our salvation through adoption into the Family of God.

Eph 1:5‑6, “Having predesigned us to adoption (the appointment of adult) sons (for Himself) through Jesus Christ, according to the kind intention (benevolent purpose) of His will, to the praise of glory (from the source) of His grace, which He freely bestowed on (has pursued) us in the Beloved.”

Glory is used for the indwelling of Christ.

Col 1:27, “To whom the God decreed to make known what is the riches (wealth) of the glory of the mystery among the Gentiles, which is Christ in you, the hope (confidence) of glory.”

The Royal Family is called to eternal glory since Christ is seated in the place of glory. The formation of the Royal Family comes under the phrase, “being called to eternal glory.” 1 Peter 5:10; 2 Peter 1:3.   This is the status of the Royal Family being called into eternal relationship with the integrity of God.

God is glorified by means of the church, Eph 3:21, when believers attain spiritual adulthood and move to spiritual maturity. Those believers are said to be “filled with all the fullness of God,” Eph 3:19.

There are three categories of spiritual adulthood:

  • Spiritual Self-Esteem is cognitive self-confidence.
  • Spiritual Autonomy is cognitive independence.
  • Spiritual Maturity is cognitive invincibility, when you are manufactured into an invisible hero.

The riches of maturity are from the glory of God.

Eph 1:17-18, “That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you a spirit of wisdom even from the source of revelation by means of knowledge from him.  18…that the eyes of your right lobe may be enlightened, in order that you all may have a permanent knowledge, knowing what is the hope of His calling [maximum blessing], and what is the riches from the source of the glory, the inheritance of His saints.”

Eph 3:16,”In order that He might give you according to the riches from His glory, to become strong by means of power through His spirit with reference to the inner man.”

Phil 4:19, “Now my God shall fill up the deficiency of all your needs according to the standard of His riches in glory by means of Christ Jesus.”

The mature believer has received this glory, 1 Peter 1:7‑8. Receiving glory is blessing from the integrity of God to the mature believer.

The believer glorifies God when he parlays the Life Beyond Gnosis, Eph 3:19, into the Life Beyond Dreams, Eph 3:20.

  • The Life Beyond Gnosis is EPIGNOSIS – πίγνωσις (ep-ig’-no-sis), the consistent function of post-salvation renewing of your mind, Rom 12:2.
  • This means cognition of the Mystery Doctrine for the Church Age through perception, metabolization, and application, by means of the filling of the Holy Spirit.
  • Learning Bible doctrine in the Old Testament won’t advance you in the Life Beyond Gnosis. You must understand the Mystery Doctrine of the Church Age, which is found in the New Testament epistles. It contains all the mechanics for the Plan of God in this Dispensation.
  • The result is the attainment of spiritual adulthood. Then you begin to gather fantastic and dynamic momentum.
  • Therefore, spiritual maturity parlays the Life Beyond Gnosis into the Life Beyond Dreams, which becomes the basis for maximum glorification of God.

The pattern for glorifying God includes suffering for blessing, not Divine discipline or self-induced misery under the Law of Volitional Responsibility.

There are three categories of suffering for blessing.

  • Providential Preventative Suffering.
  • Momentum Testing.
  • Evidence Testing.

2 Tim 4:7-8, “I have fought the good fight, I have finished the course, I have kept the faith; 8in the future there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will award to me on that day; and not only to me, but also to all who have loved His appearing.”

John 12:25-26, “He who loves his life loses it, and he who hates his life in this world will keep it to life eternal. 26If anyone serves Me, he must follow Me; and where I am, there My servant will be also; if anyone serves Me, the Father will honor him”.

  • God will not only reward those who glorify Him, but He will also sustain them in their suffering, Heb 2:7-9; 1 Peter 1:6-8; 5:10.
  • Glorification of God is then related to the distribution of your escrow blessings for time and eternity, 1 Cor 3:10-15; Rev 2-3. When God is able to reward you, He is glorified because your rewards where based on His Word, His Spirit, His Plan, His Provisions, and your non-meritorious faith in Him.
  • God is glorified and receives glory forever in the function of ultimate sanctification and the deliverance of the ultra supergrace believer, 2 Tim 4:18.

The Mechanics of Glorifying God:

The Lord is glorified through our hymns, songs, and psalms, Exo 15:1-20; Judges 5:3; 2 Chron 5:13; Psa 7:17; 21:13; 22:22 ff; 66:1 ff; Acts 16:25.

Exo 15:1-3, “Then Moses and the sons of Israel sang this song to the LORD, and said, “I will sing to the LORD, for He is highly exalted; The horse and its rider He has hurled into the sea. 2The LORD is my strength and song, and He has become my salvation; This is my God, and I will praise Him; My father’s God, and I will extol Him. 3The LORD is a warrior; The LORD is His name.”

The Lord is glorified through the confession of our sins. Joshua 7:19-20

Joshua 7:19, Then Joshua said to Achan, “My son, I implore you, give glory to the LORD, the God of Israel, and give praise to Him; and tell me now what you have done. Do not hide it from me.”

The Lord is glorified through our priestly service, 1 Chron 16:4; 23:5, 30; 2 Chron 7:6; 8:14; Ezra 3:10; Neh 9:5.

The Lord is glorified through our prayers, 1 Chron 29:10-20.

The Lord is glorified through our thanksgiving, Eph 1:3-14; Heb 13:5.

The Lord is glorified by submitting to governing authorities, Rom 13:1-7; 1 Peter 2:13-15.

The Lord is glorified as a result of faithfulness in suffering, 1 Peter 1:6-9.

We will glorify the Lord in the eternal state, Isa 45:23; Rom 14:11; Phil 2:10-11; Rev 5:11-13; 19:1-6.

The resurrection body is described in terms of glory, 1 Cor 15:43. Our resurrection body is raised in glory because we are in the status quo of everlasting life. We will live forever in a state of glory.

In 2 Thes 2:14,”The attainment of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ,” refers to having a resurrection body exactly like our Lord’s and being in union with Him.

Other Uses of Glory:

Glory is used to describe the strategic victory of Christ in the Angelic Conflict, Luke 24:26; John 12:20-24, 28; 13:31-32; Heb 2:10; 1 Peter 1:10-11.

John 12:20-24, “Now there were some Greeks among those who were going up to worship at the feast; 21these then came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida of Galilee, and began to ask him, saying, ‘Sir, we wish to see Jesus.’ 22Philip came and told Andrew; Andrew and Philip came and told Jesus. 23And Jesus answered them, saying, ‘The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified. 24Truly, truly, I say to you, unless a grain of wheat falls into the earth and dies, it remains alone; but if it dies, it bears much fruit.'”

1 Peter 1:10-11, “As to this salvation, the prophets who prophesied of the grace that would come to you made careful searches and inquiries, 11seeking to know what person or time the Spirit of Christ within them was indicating as He predicted the sufferings of Christ and the glories to follow.”

Luke 24:26, “Was it not necessary for the Christ to suffer these things and to enter into His glory?”

  • God the Father is the source of our Lord’s glorification, and the Father is glorified as a result of the Son’s glorification, just as the Son is glorified in the Father’s glorification.
  • The Humanity of Jesus Christ is glorified, because He fulfilled the Father’s Plan of Salvation.

When the Father glorifies the Son, the Father is also the recipient of glory. This reflects on their intimate relationship as noted in John 10:30, “I and the Father are one,” and Christ’s Authority Orientation as noted in John 13:16. It speaks of the unity of “being” between the Father and Son, compared with John 17:5, “glorify Me together with Yourself,” which is speaking of simple unity of position, B.F. Westcott.

Heb 2:10,”To have led to glory many sons;” God brings many sons to glory by judging our sins, so that when we believe in Christ, we are entered into an eternal relationship with His glory. We receive the imputation of God’s perfect righteousness, which is the potential for blessing from the integrity of God.

1 Tim 3:16, “Christ taken up into the place of glory;” this refers to the third heaven, the location of the integrity of God, where Christ is seated at the right hand of God in glory.

In Romans 13:32, “Immediately” means that God the Father will raise His Son so that the Son will not see corruption or decay, Psalm 16:10; 49:9; Acts 2:27, 31; 13:34-37. On the third day, He will be raised. This fulfills the principle of 1 Sam 2:30, “…but now the LORD declares, ‘Far be it from Me—for those who honor Me I will honor…” It is speaking of the imminent resurrection, ascension, and session of the God-Man Jesus Christ in Hypostatic Union following His death.

  • The right woman is called the glory of the right man, 1 Cor 11:6-7, 14-15. Her long(er) hair is a glory to the woman. Long hair on the male is dishonorable.
  • Glory describes the wonders of the universe, 1 Cor 15:40‑41.
  • Glory describes human glamour which is temporal, 1 Peter 1:24; Phil 3:19.

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Vs. 33-38A New Commandment – Follow My Example of Love.

John 13:33, “Little children, I am with you a little while longer. You will seek Me; and as I said to the Jews, now I also say to you, ‘Where I am going, you cannot come’.”

The first phrase we have is “little children“, which is the Vocative, Neuter, Plural of TEKNION – τεκνίον (tek-nee’-on). This is an endearing term our Lord uses in the final address to the believing disciples. This is the only recorded instance where our Lord used this term, and He does so once the unbeliever is no longer present. So, it is an endearing term for the believer. Apparently, it resonated deeply with John, because he is the only other disciple recorded as using this term to address his readers. He does so a total of seven times in his epistles and uses the word TEKNON – τέκνον (tek’-non) meaning, “children” when generally speaking of the believer or brethren. Paul also addresses his readers once in Gal 4:19 as “children” using the noun TEKNON – τέκνον (tek’-non), although some translations use “little children” with the Greek text TEKNION– τεκνίον (tek-nee’-on), see Textus Receptus and KJV.

Thayer notes that, “In the New Testament used as a term of kindly address by teachers to their disciples.”  This is where we get our word technical from, or technicians, or technical students.

Next is the phrase, “I am with you a little while longer.”

I am” is the verb to be in the Present, Active, Singular of EIMI – εμί (i-mee’).

With you” is the Preposition in the Genitive of META – μετά (met-ah’), plus the Genitive of Association, plural pronoun SU – σύ (soo) for “you.”

A little while longer” is MIKROS ETI.

MIKROS – μικρός (mik-ros’) is the Pronominal, Accusative of Measure (Extent of Time), Adjective meaning, “small or little,” and ETI –  τι (et’-ee) which means, “still, yet, longer,” etc.

Here our Lord is once again prophesizing His imminent departure and crucifixion. He is trying to convey the urgency of the moment. Our Lord will only be on the earth another 40 days. This would be the last Bible Study he would teach prior to His death and resurrection. Therefore, He is trying to gain their full attention with terms of endearment and imminence.

Next, we have “you shall seek me.” Here we have the verb ZETEO –  ζητέω (dzay-teh’-o) in the Future, Active, Indicative, Second Person, Plural. ZETEO –  ζητέω (dzay-teh’-o) means, “to seek in order to find.”

The Predictive Future Tense also indicates the imminent departure of our Lord by prophesying His ascension.

The Active Voice says that the disciples will be seeking Him in the future.

With this we have the Accusative, First Person, Pronoun of EGO – γώ (eg-o’) meaning, “I or me.”

Then we have, “and as I said to the Jews, (John 7:33-34, 36; 8:21-24), I now say to you also, ‘Where I am going you cannot come.“”

Where I am going,” is the conjunction HOPOU – που (hop’-oo), with EGO – γώ (eg-o’) for “I,” plus the Present, Active, Indicative of HUPAGO – πάγω (hoop-ag’-o) meaning, “to lead or bring under, to lead on slowly, or to depart.” In other words, “to what place I depart.”

The Futuristic Present Tense tells us again of the imminence of our Lord’s departure. He is already in the process of the final act, which includes this Upper Room Discourse, but His departure will happen in the yet future time.

The Active Voice says that our Lord is producing the action of leaving them as He heads towards the Cross, resurrection, and ascension.

Finally, we have, “you cannot come.

This is the 2nd, Plural of SU – σύ (soo) for “you all,” referring to the disciples in the room, plus the Greek negative OUK – οκ (oo-k) for “not” and DUNAMAI – δύναμαι (doo’-nam-ahee) for “power or ability.”

Then we have the Aorist, Active, Infinitive of ERCHOMAI – ρχομαι (er’-khom-ahee), which means, “to go or come forth.”

This is an Ingressive Aorist Tense meaning, “you are not able to begin to come.” In other words, you will come eventually, but not when I go. We could also say, “you are powerless to come,” that is, walk in my shoes. As we noted previously, this statement is the continuation of the idea first noted in Mat 20:20-27. It is in contrast to the response to the unbelieving Pharisees who could not go to heaven, where Christ is.

In this case, Jesus is referring to the imminence of His departure, and the walk He would take that they could not. The disciples could not experientially drink the cup that was designed for our Lord. Only He could fulfill the Father’s Plan of Salvation. Yet, as we previously noted in verses 36-37, our Lord tells them that they too will arrive in heaven, but at a later point in time when God’s Plan for their lives is completed.

Our Lord’s words “you are not able to come” are reiterate in verse 38, when our Lord’s final reply to Simon Peters’ second case of small mindedness is, “will you lay down your life for Me?” Although in arrogance, Peter thinks that he will and can, our Lord gives him, and us, the reality check that only He can fulfill the Father’s Plan of Salvation, when He says, ” Truly, truly, I say to you, a rooster will not crow until you deny Me three times.” Even though this was directed to Peter and his actual experience, remember that all the disciples fled. This simple scenario tells us that we all, in our flesh, are without the power to complete the task that our Lord had completed.

Therefore, we will note in brief:

The Doctrine of the Ascension and Session of the Lord Jesus Christ


The Ascension is a doctrine of Christology pertaining to the transfer of our Lord’s true humanity from planet earth to the third heaven in a resurrection body.

The Session is that doctrine of Christology pertaining to the glorification of our Lord’s humanity at the right hand of the Father.

The Ascension of Christ occurred 40 days after His resurrection. He remained on earth for 40 days in order to confirm the fact that He had indeed risen from the dead, as He prophesied many times in His earthly ministry during His 1st Advent.

If Christ remained on earth, He would have a limited glory, but when He went to the 3rd Heaven, He became superior to all creation, and therefore had unlimited glory, Acts 2:33; 5:31; Phil 2:9.

The Ascension of Christ was a visible event in a public place. It took place on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem, where He will again return at His 2nd Advent, which occurs at the end of the Tribulation period. Luke is the only New Testament writers who gives a detailed description of the event. Acts 1:6-12; compare with Rev 1:7; 19:11-16.

The Resurrection, Ascension, and Session of Christ brought to a conclusion our Lord’s earthly ministry and resolved the Angelic Conflict. His coronation was the culmination of the strategic victory, Heb 1:3.

His Ascension is the 3rd major event in relation to the appeal trial of Satan, while the Session is the 5th major event.

The 5 Major Events in Relation to the Appeal Trial of Satan are:

(1) The Substitutionary Spiritual Death of Jesus Christ on the Cross.

(2) Resurrection.

(3) Ascension.

(4) Triumphal Procession.

(5) The Session.

The Trial has Three Phases:

(1) The Formal Presentation of the Case.

(2) Rebuttal Phase.

(3) Closing Arguments and Summary.

Time Frame of the Three Phases:

(1) The Formal Presentation corresponds with Old Testament History.

(2) The Rebuttal Phase:

(i) Of the Prosecution – God – includes the Hypostatic Union and Church Age.

(ii) Of Satan – Takes place during the Tribulation Period.

(3) The Closing Arguments and Summary:

(i) Of the Prosecution – Takes place during the Millennial Reign.

(ii) Of Satan – Takes place when he is released from prison after the Millennium. Includes the Gog revolution, which results in the execution of his sentence to the Lake of Fire, Rev 20:10.

He ascended to the 3rd Heaven (Eph 4:10), that He created, (Psa 102:25; 115:15; 124:8; 148:4-5), which is the abode of all three members of the Trinity, Gen 14:19; 1Ki 8:30; Heb 2:10.  The 3rd Heaven, (2 Cor 12:2), is located billions and billions of light years away from the earth above the 1st and 2nd Heavens. A light-year in astronomy is the distance traveled by light moving in a vacuum in the course of 1 year, at its velocity of 186,282 miles per second. A light year equals about 5.878 X 10,000,000,000,000 miles, or 63,240 astronomical units.

The humanity of Christ in hypostatic union traveled billions and billions of light years passing through the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd heavens, (Heb 4:14), by means of Divine omnipotence in order to arrive at the right hand of God the Father where He received power, rank, and authority over all creation, Eph 1:20-23.

Upon His Session, He received His 3rd Royal Patent as the title, “King of kings, Lord of lords, the Bright morning star,” 1 Tim 6:15: Rev 17:14; 19:16.

Jesus Christ has supreme authority over all human and angelic creatures. In His session, Jesus Christ is the High Priest, (Heb 4:14), of the kingdom of priests (all believers of the Church Age), who makes intercession for us. Rom 8:1, 34; Heb 7:24-25; 1 John 2:1

Heb 8:1, “Now the main point in what has been said (in chapter 7) is this: we have such a high priest, who has taken His seat at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens.”

Rom 8:34, “Who is the one who condemns? Christ Jesus is He who died, yes, rather who was raised, who is at the right hand of God, who also intercedes for us.”

Heb 7:24-25, “But Jesus, on the other hand, because He continues forever, holds His priesthood permanently. 25Therefore He is able also to save forever those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them.”

1 John 2:1, “My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.”

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We now turn to verse 34John 13:34, “A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another, even as I have loved you, that you also love one another.”

We are not going to spend a lot of time on this passage, since we are studying this whole topic in our Sunday series of 1 John. Please refer to those notes and tapes for details.

Click Here to go to the 1 John Series Study Notes

Click Here to go to Audio Studies of 1 John 5:1-21.  

But we will note a few points that are unique here. First is the Greek word for “new” – KAINOS – καινός (kahee-nos’).

There are two Greek words for “new,” KAINOS – καινός (kahee-nos’) and NEOS – νέος (neh’-os).

KAINOS – καινός (kahee-nos’) means, “new or fresh, in regards to a new thing or a new kind or species.”

NEOS – νέος (neh’-os) means, “new in terms of age, recently born, or young in age.”

Therefore, NEOS – νέος (neh’-os) would be used in regards to the new convert / new believer in regards to time, while KAINOS – καινός (kahee-nos’) refers to the believer as a new kind, that is born again, a new creature/creation, or as we call it, a new spiritual species. At the moment of salvation, every person becomes a new creature in Christ. He is a new spiritual species, 2 Cor 5:17; Gal 6:15.

Since KAINOS – καινός (kahee-nos’) is used here, what follows refers to all believers, not just new ones or spiritually mature ones, although the spiritually mature will understand and operate in this mandate more effectively.

In regards to being a New Commandment, KAINOS – καινός (kahee-nos’) also represents a contrast to something previously established, that is an Old Commandment. So, this is a new kind of commandment for a new kind of creature, the Church Age believer.

The Old Commandment was found under that Law, which I refer to as the 11th commandment, Lev 19:18. This New Commandment does not replace or nullify the 11th commandment, but is additional, since the 11th continues to be reiterated throughout the New Testament, Rom 13:19; Gal 5:4; James 2:8; 1 John.

Therefore, being a new creature, being in union with Jesus Christ, demands a new kind or additional set of instructions / commandments. These are going to be summarized under two key words, love and discipleship.

Keeping in mind the context of this chapter, the New Commandment is based on the fact that Christ is glorified, He is absent from the earth, He is seated at the right hand of the Father, awaiting operation footstool (all things being place in subjection to Him by the Father), and therefore we have entered into the intensified stage of the Angelic Conflict.

As Christ begins His great discourse on the new age to come, the Church Age or Age of Grace, He is giving a new kind of Commandment for a new kind of believer. Remember that all Church Age believers are given tremendous new assets to fulfill this new commandment.

R.B. Thieme Jr. states, “The New Commandment is obviously based upon some new provisions that did not exist before this dispensation. For example, the baptism of the Holy Spirit; whereby, every believer at the point of salvation is entered into union with Jesus Christ. This means that he has the life of Christ—eternal life, the righteousness of Christ—perfect righteousness, the sonship of Christ, the heirship of Christ, the priesthood of Christ, the election of Christ, the destiny of Christ, and eventually he will reign with Jesus Christ. The indwelling of Christ is also another factor. For the first time in all of history, every believer is indwelt by God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. For the first time in history, every believer is a priest, is an ambassador, and therefore the personal representative of Jesus Christ. Ambassadorship could not exist until after the incarnation, until Christ was absent from the earth, and therefore every believer is now in fulltime Christian service. The new commandment in this verse is designed to meet the exigencies (a state that requires urgent action) of the intensified angelic conflict.” (Brackets mine)

The phrase “I give to you” is the Instantaneous Present, Active, Indicative of DIDIDOMI – δίδωμι (did’-o-mee) and the Dative SU –  σύ (soo) for “you.” This tells us that God, in His grace, is providing for us this new doctrinal position which we must take up and live consistently in.

This is also noted in the verb for “that you love,” HINA AGAPAO – να γαπάω (hin’-ah ag-ap-ah’-o), which is in the Customary Present, Active, Subjunctive. It means, “to keep on loving,” where the Subjunctive Mood indicates the purpose clause, whether accomplished or not, because it is linked with HINA – να (hin’-ah) – which means, “that.” So, we have the purpose for this command stated very clearly.

Then we have the phrase “one another” in the Greek noun ALLELON – λλήλων (al-lay’-lone). This is a reciprocal pronoun. It means, “one another of the same kind.”

The Objective Genitive Case shows we belong in the same family.

The Accusative would indicate we are not in the same family, but the Genitive says we belong together, because we are all members of the family of God when we believe in Christ.

The command to “love one another” represents impersonal and unconditional love for mankind, and in this case our fellow believers.

Principles of AGAPE Love:

Love from God is maximum, after the point of propitiation, to every believer. God then loves you with exactly the same amount of love that He has for the Son our Lord Jesus Christ, regardless of the believer’s status. You might change your attitude towards God, but never once will He change His attitude towards you. This links God’s love, immutability, eternal life, and omniscience together. Eph 1:4-6; 1 John 2:2; 4:9-10, 19.

AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) Love fulfills the principles of Rom 5:5; Gal 5:22; 1 Cor 13.

There are Four General Categories of Love Based Upon the Direction of Love:

  • Category 1, toward God – Motivational Virtue, Duet 6:5; 1 Peter 1:8.
  • Category 2, toward your right man or right woman of the opposite sex – Personal Love, Ecc 9:9.
  • Category 3, toward friends – 1 Sam 20:17; Prov 17:17; 18:24; Heb 13:1.
  • Category 4, towards all of mankind – Functional Virtue, Mat 22:39.

AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) love emphasizes the virtue of the subject rather than attraction to an object or rapport with an object.

AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) love toward all mankind is the ultimate expression of virtue. It is also the ultimate expression of humility.

In John 15:17, “I command you these things, that you might love each other.”   Jesus said this to the disciples, who were believers, after they had been together for almost three years. They had developed personality conflicts, took sides, and were critical of each other. So, this command from our Lord is brought into the Christian life.

Impersonal love is unconditional. It emphasizes the virtue of the subject rather than the attractiveness or repulsiveness of the object.

Impersonal love is a Problem-Solving Device in regards to human relationships.

Impersonal love is the basis for having the capacity for personal love towards a few people.

Impersonal love for all mankind is the ultimate expression of maximum metabolized Bible doctrine circulating in the compartments of the heart (right lobe) of your soul by means of the Holy Spirit.

Our Lord’s description of Impersonal Love is given in Luke 6:27-38. This may be Luke’s account of the Sermon on the Mount excluding the Jewish sections. It is also known as the Apostles ordination sermon.

The Sermon Deals with the Disciples’ Relationships to:

  • Possessions, vs. 20-26,
  • People, vs. 27-45,
  • The Lord, vs. 46-49.

You can summarize the sermon in four words: being (vs. 20-26), loving (vs. 27-36), forgiving (vs. 37-45), and obeying (vs. 46-49).

In section two “People,” Jesus tells us how to get along with our enemies (vs. 27-36) and our brothers (vs. 37-45). So, that will be our focus in regards to AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) love towards all of mankind.

Luke 6:27-28, These mandates cannot be fulfilled by any human power or strength. They can only be fulfilled by the Divine power of Bible doctrine circulating in the stream of consciousness and the filling of God the Holy Spirit.

Luke 6:29, This is a total lack of revenge motivation.  Love is not vengeful.  This is a dynamic of spiritual power and cannot be accomplished through human personal love.

Luke 6:30, This must be interpreted not according to the strict sense of the words. It does not mean you are obliged to everyone who asks without regard for your own abilities, or the circumstances of the person begging or asking of you. It is obliging us to liberality and love according to our abilities, and the true needs and circumstances of our poor brethren, and in that order which God’s Word has directed us:

  • Providing for our own families.
  • Then doing good towards the body of Christ.
  • Then to others, as we are able.

The second part of the verse should not be interpreted as if it were a restraint of Christians from pursuing thieves or oppressors, but as a precept prohibiting us private revenge or also making a big deal about the little things. This was an Old Testament precept of God, Deut 15:7-9, confirmed by Christ.

Luke 6:31, a.k.a. the “Golden Rule,” Do unto others as you would have done unto you.

This should serve as a guide to us to expound the former verses and the other precepts of love in this chapter. Believers, in all these cases, should consider what they would think reasonable that others should do to them were they in their circumstances, and the others had the same ability or advantage to do good to them. By this you should measure your acts both of justice and love.

Luke 6:32-34, Human love repays kindness with kindness. Divine AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) love goes much further and is able to be kind to those who mistreat you. God expects that those who have received more grace and favor from Him than others should do more in obedience to the positive commands and revelations of His will in His Word, Luke 12:48.

Luke 6:35-36, AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) Love functions regardless of sins or offenses, and without expectation of repayment or gratitude. It is having compassion towards all. Therefore, a merciful or compassionate man easily forgets injuries, pardons without being solicited, and does not permit repeated acts of ingratitude to deter him from doing good. It is obliging us not to withhold AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) Love from fear that if we lend, we may lose what we lend. It is obliging us that if we find the circumstances of any that desires us to lend to him for his necessity, (money or goods as we can spare and we can well enough bear the loss of if the providence of God should render the person unable to repay us), that we should not be deterred to do so, but give with a resolution to lose it, if God pleases to disable the person to whom we lend, so that as he cannot repay us.

Luke 6:37, AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) Love excludes gossiping, maligning, and judging. Here we have the positive aspect of reaping what you sow. We will see more of this in our summary below.

Luke 6:38, AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) Love means a heart for giving that results in tremendous rewards and blessings for both time and eternity,

Deut 15:10; Prov 19:17; 22:9; 28:8, (see KJV for the last passage).

Therefore, our loving and merciful actions will be rewarded by God, either indirectly by stirring up others to be as kind to us as we were to others or directly via His providential administration, Deut 24:19; Psa 41:1-3; Prov 11:25; 28:27; 2 Cor 9:6.

By God’s Divine Providence, He will see to it that those who have acted lovingly and mercifully, (not in a mere commiseration to human condition, but in a just obedience to His will), will not lose by what they have done. They will be rewarded fully and plentifully, finding again (though it may be after many days) the bread which they have cast upon the waters, according to His command, Eccl 11:1.

In summary, our Lord mentioned seven aspects of unconditional love. These actions are not performed naturally by human nature, but require supernatural enabling and are proof of true righteousness:

  • Love your enemies.
  • Do good to those who hate you.
  • Bless those who curse you.
  • Pray for those who mistreat you.
  • Do not retaliate.
  • Give freely.
  • Treat others the way you want to be treated.

The application of AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) love makes you distinctive from others (vs. 32-34, “even sinners…”), and as having the same characteristics as the heavenly Father (vs. 35).

Our Lord also teaches us a fundamental principle, “what you sow is what you will reap,” (vs. 36-38; cf. Gal 6:7).

Five Areas of Proof of the Sowing and Reaping Theme:

  • Mercy will lead to mercy, Luke 6:36. The disciples were exhorted to have the same merciful attitude God displayed toward them.
  • Judgment will lead to judgment, 37a.
  • Condemnation will lead to condemnation, 37b.
  • Pardon will lead to pardon, 37c.
  • Giving will lead to giving, 38.

It is simply a fact of life that certain attitudes and actions often reflect back on the individual.

1 John 3:23, “This is His commandment, that we believe in the name of His Son Jesus Christ, and love one another, just as He commanded us.”

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Next, we turn to verse 35John 13:35, “By this all men will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another.”

This verse begins with the Preposition EN – ν (en) meaning, “by,” followed by the Demonstrative Pronominal Adjective HOUTOS – οτος (hoo’-tos), which means, “this,” in the Instrumental Dative of Means case meaning, “by means of this,” in regards to the New Command, to AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) love one another in verse 34.

Then we have “all men will know” which is PAS GINOSKO.

“All men” is PAS – πς (pas) is the Plural, Pronomial Nominative, Adjective that means, “all, every, everyone, everything, or every kind.” So, we will say “everyone,” meaning believers and unbelievers alike.

Then we have GINOSKO – γινώσκω (ghin-oce’-ko) in the Future, Middle Deponent, Indicative, Third Person, Plural.  It means, “to come to know, recognize, or perceive.”

The Gnomic Future Tense stands for knowledge in the future that people will have as a result of witnessing your actions of impersonal and unconditional love. It also stands for the likelihood that this type of knowledge will take place in the future.

The Middle Deponent means that the one performing the action also receives the results of the action. In other words, the people who witness your AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) Love will receive back the knowledge of God’s love and come to know that you are a disciple / student of the Lord Jesus Christ. Those who perceive your loving actions will also perceive that you are a believer in Christ.

Therefore, we will translate this, “By means of this (fulfilling the new commandment), everyone (believers and unbelievers), will come to know.

Next is the Result Conjunction, HOTI – τι (hot’-ee), which means, “that.” This is the conclusion people will come to regarding the believer who operates in AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) love.

Then we have, “you are my disciples,” which in the Greek looks like this: EMOS MATHETES EIMI.  Literally, it is “my students you are.”  But that is not good English so we say, “you are my disciples.”

We begin with the verb “to be” EIMI –  εμί (i-mee’) meaning, “is or are, etc.,” in the Customary Present, Active, Indicative, Second Person, Plural that means, “you all keep on being.

Then we have EMOS – μός (em-os’) that means “my.

This is followed by MATHETES –  μαθητής (math-ay-tes’) in the Nominative Plural meaning, “a disciple, pupil, learner, or student.” Its root word is MANTHANO – μανθάνω (man-than’-o) meaning, “to learn.”

So, we have, “By means of this, everyone, (believers and unbelievers), will come to know that you are My disciples“.

Compare with Luke 6:35-36, “But love your enemies, and do good, and lend, expecting nothing in return; and your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High; for He Himself is kind to ungrateful and evil men. 36Be merciful, just as your Father is merciful.”

Our Lord is telling His disciples and us, (the believer student today), that when we operate in virtue love, everyone will know that we have learned to love in the same way Jesus Christ, the Son of God loved. Jesus gave the New Commandment to love as He loved; therefore, when we do, people will put two and two together. They will have a basic knowledge of what Jesus did for them, died for their sins, and will equate the sacrifice that you make on their behalf with the sacrifice Jesus made on behalf for everyone.

The best students are typically identified synonymously with their teacher. Our teacher is Jesus Christ.

John 17:21, “That they may all be one; even as You, Father, are in Me and I in You, that they also may be in Us, so that the world may believe that You sent Me.”

Next, we have, “if you have love for one another.” This is the protasis, which in this case follows the apodosis. In other words, the “if” statement follows the “then” statement. The “then” statement was “everyone would know that you are a student of the Lord.” The “if” statement is “loving each other.”

The “if” statement begins with the conjunction EAN – άν (eh-an’) meaning, “if, even, though, or when.”

Then we have the Direct Object Accusative noun AGAPE –  γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) meaning, “love.” This is not personal love, emotional love, or physical love. This is a mental attitude love. It is a way of thinking. A way of thinking that demand a Relaxed Mental Attitude toward all people and in all situations. It is Impersonal and Unconditional meaning, it is not based on someone’s personality or on any conditions.

This is followed by the Present, Active, Subjunctive, Second Person, Plural, of ECHO – χω (ekh’-o), which means, “to have or hold or to possess.”

The Subjunctive Mood completes the third-class conditional if. If and maybe you will or maybe you won’t express AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) Love.

The Stative Present Tense stands for an ongoing state of having AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) love towards all mankind.

So, we could say, “if you keep on having love.

Finally, this verse is completed with EN ALLELON. Here EN – ν (en) is a preposition that means, “for” and is tied with ALLELON –  λλήλων (al-lay’-lone) in the Dative of Indirect Object, Second Person, Plural meaning, “one another, each other, etc.” So, we have, “for one another.

Putting it all together, our corrected translation is, “By means of this, everyone (believers and unbelievers), will come to know that you are My disciples if you keep on having love for one another.

This tells us that when we have AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) Love for all of mankind, people will know that we are students of Jesus Christ, Christians. But if we do not possess this type of love, we will not stand out. We will be just like all the other people of this world, focused on self and sin.

This tells us that when we have AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) Love, people are impacted by our love. As a result, they will come to know that we are students of Jesus Christ, and hopefully will come to know Him personally.

Without love, the whole thing falls apart, and you won’t be recognized as a disciple, and others won’t come to know Christ through you.

Our Lord not only commanded us to love one another as a proof of God’s love, but He also demonstrated it in His own actions purposefully.

John 14:31, “So that the world may know that I love the Father, I do exactly as the Father commanded Me.”

“When you have values different from those of the people of the world, and when you stand up for what is right, you are bound to have enemies. If we retaliate, we are only living on their low level; but if we love them, do good to them, bless them, and pray for them, then we rise to a higher level and glorify the Lord. It takes little effort to love our friends and serve them, but it takes faith to love our enemies and do them good. The principles given in Luke 6:31 and 36 will encourage us to practice this difficult admonition. See also 1 Peter 2:13-25 and Romans 12:17-21.” (Warren Wiersbe, Expository Outline of the New Testament).

1 Peter 2:13-25“Submit yourselves for the Lord’s sake to every human institution, whether to a king as the one in authority, 14or to governors as sent by him for the punishment of evildoers and the praise of those who do right. 15For such is the will of God that by doing right you may silence the ignorance of foolish men. 16Act as free men, and do not use your freedom as a covering for evil (sin), but use it as bondslaves of God. 17Honor all people, love the brotherhood, fear God, honor the king.  18Servants (workers), be submissive to your masters (bosses) with all respect, not only to those who are good and gentle, but also to those who are unreasonable. 19For this finds favor, if for the sake of conscience toward God a person bears up under sorrows when suffering unjustly. 20For what credit is there if, when you sin and are harshly treated, you endure it with patience? (Compare with Luke 6:32-34.) But if when you do what is right and suffer for it you patiently endure it, this finds favor with God.  21For you have been called for this purpose, since Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example for you to follow in His steps, 22who committed no sin, nor was any deceit found in His mouth; 23and while being reviled, He did not revile in return; while suffering, He uttered no threats, but kept entrusting Himself to Him who judges righteously; 24and He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, so that we might die to sin and live to righteousness; for by His wounds you were healed. 25For you were continually straying like sheep, but now you have returned to the Shepherd and Guardian of your souls.”

Rom 12:17-21, “Never pay back evil for evil to anyone. Respect what is right in the sight of all men. 18If possible, so far as it depends on you, be at peace with all men. 19Never take your own revenge, beloved, but leave room for the wrath of God, for it is written, “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord. 20“But if your enemy is hungry, feed him, and if he is thirsty, give him a drink; for in so doing you will heap burning coals on his head.” 21Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.”


  • Genuine, deep seated, constant, and self-sacrificial love for one another is the distinguishing trait of the believer.
  • The world is dying for a little love. Our Lord commands us to give that love to them and be known for that love.
  • Unfortunately, too many Christians are loveless, and the world does not view them any differently than the next guy. 1 Cor 13:1-13; Gal 5:15

Vernon McGee noted, “I had two Aunts, one Baptist the other Presbyterian, and one beer drinking unbelieving Uncle. Every Sunday he would get up in time for Sunday dinner and hear all the Baptist and Presbyterian dirt. Years later when his uncle was in the hospital, one of his Aunts wept and asked, “Why doesn’t he come to Christ?” J. Vernon said, “I almost told her!”

  • The distinguishing characteristic of a Christian is not what he wears or the cross necklace he adorns around his neck, but his daily actions of love towards fellow believers and unbelievers.

Tertullian, an early Church father, circa 200 A.D. wrote, “But it is mainly the deeds of a love so noble that lead many to put a brand upon us. ‘See,’ they say, ‘how they love one another,’ for they themselves are animated by mutual hatred; ‘see how they are ready even to die for one another,’ for they themselves will rather put to death.” (Apology XXXIX)

  • When we change our way of thinking, we will inevitably have an outward change as well. That is living renewed of mind, the transfigured life of actionable AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) love, Romans 12:1-2.
  • AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay) Love is the badge of our profession. It is the believer’s duty to make all men know that we are disciples of Christ, 2 Cor 3:2-3.

2 Cor 3:2-3, “You are our letter, written in our hearts, known and read by all men; 3being manifested that you are a letter of Christ, cared for by us, written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God, not on tablets of stone but on tablets of human hearts.”

  • The primary mark of the Royal Family relationship is not similar physical features, but AGAPE – γάπη (ag-ah’-pay).

1 John 4:21, “And this commandment we have from Him, that the one who loves God should love his brother also.”

How can you lead to Christ your boy,

Unless Christ’s method you employ?

There’s just one thing that you can do-

It’s let that boy see Christ in you.

Have you a husband fond and true?

A wife who’s blind to all but you?

If each would win the other one,

That life must speak of God’s dear Son.

There is but one successful plan,

By which to win a fellow man;

Have you a neighbor old or new?

Just let that man see Christ in you.

The Church that hopes to win the lost,

Must pay the one unchanging cost;

She must compel the world to see,

In her the Christ of Calvary.”

– Author unknown

Upper Room Discourse Pt 12 John 13 vs 26-38 Conclusion SummaryJohn 13 – The Upper Room Discourse, Pt 12

Outline for this Study:

Vs. 36-38 – Meet the Apostles.  Ignorance of Bible Doctrine.

  • 36aMeet the Apostles
  • Vs 36b – 38Ignorance of Bible Doctrine

Chapter 13 Outline: Outline of the Study Thus Far:

Vs 1, The Love of Jesus Christ.

Vs 2, 18, 21-30, Demon Influence and Possession.

Vs 3, Personal Sense of Destiny – Plan of God – Dominion, Advent, Seated at the Right Hand of the Father.

Vs. 4, Priestly, Humble Servanthood of Jesus Christ – Preparation for Service.

Vs. 5, Humility for Service.

Vs. 6-7, Peter’s Objection Due to Ignorance. The Doctrine of the Grace Apparatus for Perception (GAP).

Vs. 8-11, Peter’s Misguided Zeal and Our Lord’s Response. Washing of the Feet, not Salvation Cleansing but Experiential Sanctification. He Shows Them the Rebound Technique. 1 John 1:9

Vs. 12, Learn from this Picture, Christ’s Completed Work for Our Spiritual Perfection.

Vs. 13-15, Jesus is Our Teacher and Lord; Our Role Model.

Vs. 16-20Five Principles from Foot Washing.

  • Vs. 16 – 1) The Servant Must have Authority Orientation.
  • Vs. 17 – 2) Knowledge and Application of Bible Doctrine Results in Happiness.
  • Vs. 18 – 3) God’s Omniscience Does Not Violate Our Human Volition.
  • Vs. 19 – 4) Bible Doctrine Prepares the Believer for Shocking Behavior.
  • Vs. 20 – 5) Bible Doctrine is Perpetuated after the Death of Christ.

Vs. 21-30, Concerning His Betrayal. (Grace in Action).

  • Vs. 28-29, A Contrast Between Grace and Evil.

Vs. 31-35, Concerning His Departure.  Love in Action.  God’s Provision for the Believer.

  • Vs. 31-32 – God is Glorified in the Body of Christ.
  • Vs. 33, 36-38 – Jesus Predicts His Resurrection.  Peter’s Misguided Remarks.
  • Vs. 34 – A New Commandment.
  • Vs. 35 – Christ Seen in You!

Vs. 36-38 – Meet the Apostles.  Ignorance of Bible Doctrine.

  • Vs. 36a, Meet the Apostles
  • Vs 36b – 38, Ignorance of Bible Doctrine

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

We now turn to verse 36, “Simon Peter said to Him, “Lord, where are You going?” Jesus answered, “Where I go, you cannot follow Me now; but you will follow later.””

Here we begin what is a series of 4 questions from the disciples in the Upper Room that are answered by the Lord. It begins with Peter in verses 13:36-14:4, then Thomas in 14:5-7, then Philip in 14:8-21 and then Judas (not Iscariot) in 14:22-26. Following the Q and A session, our Lord launches into the overall discourse in 14:27-16:16, followed by further questions answered by our Lord through to 16:33, then we have His intercessory prayer in chapter 17.

So, before we go to the Q and A session, it would be pertinent to gain a little background on the disciples who would later become apostles. Therefore, we will study the Doctrine of the Twelve apostles.

Click here to go to: The Doctrine of the 12 Apostles  

Peter’s questioning comes as a result of what our Lord just stated, specifically in verse 33, “Little children, I am with you a little while longer. You will seek Me; and as I said to the Jews, now I also say to you, ‘Where I am going, you cannot come.’”

Peter then questions our Lord: Where are you going? Our Lord does not respond directly to his question, but lets him and all the disciples know that they cannot, [OUK DUNAMAI – οὐκ δύναμαι (oo-k  doo’-nam-ahee) = “not able, without power”], follow Him at this present time, [Aorist, Active, Infinitive of AKOLOUTHEO – ἀκολουθέω (ak-ol-oo-theh’-o) with NUN – νῦν (noon) for “now”], but that they will follow Him in the future (Future, Active, Indicative of AKOLOUTHEO – ἀκολουθέω (ak-ol-oo-theh’-o)).

The root of AKOLOUTHEO – ἀκολουθέω (ak-ol-oo-theh’-o) is KELEUTHOS – κλευθος which means, “a road or a way.” So, AKOLOUTHEO – ἀκολουθέω (ak-ol-oo-theh’-o) comes to mean, “follow or accompany.” Interestingly, this is the same word used in regards to our Lord’s calling the Apostles to “follow Him.” See: Mat 4:20, 22: 9:9; Mark 1:18; 2:14-15; Luke 5:11, 27-28; John 1:37-43.

The Aorist, Infinitive indicates Peter’s purpose. He has the objective and purpose of keeping the Lord in sight at all times; never letting Him get out of the range of his vision, yet as our Lord stated, he is powerless to follow Him, (He cannot stop our Lord from going forward to the crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension.).

The second usage being in the Future, Indicative is for the absolute reality that Peter and all believers will be present with the Lord upon their death, and at the Rapture receive their resurrection body, 1 Cor 15:51-55; 1 Thes 4:16-18.

Peter’s questioning was in line with what he had previously heard our Lord say in John 10:4, “When he puts forth all his own, he goes ahead of them, and the sheep follow him because they know his voice.”

Peter wanted to continue to follow Him here on earth but was forgetting that the Lord needed to die first, and then all could ultimately follow. Peter had good intentions in the emotion of his soul; his heart was in the right place.

We gain further insight into this question as Peter previously stated in Mark 10:28, that he and the others had left all behind to follow our Lord; therefore, they should be able to continue to follow Him, and ultimately, be rewarded for it.

Mark 10:28, “Peter began to say to Him, “Behold, we have left everything and followed You.””

Our Lord’s response was that those who do follow Him would have a great reward.

Mark 10:29-31, “Jesus said, “Truly I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or farms, for My sake and for the gospel’s sake, 30but that he will receive a hundred times as much now in the present age, houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and farms, along with persecutions; and in the age to come, eternal life. 31But many who are first will be last, and the last, first.””

In light of wanting to stay with Him and receive his rewards, Peter asks, “where are you going”? This is followed by John 13:37, “why can’t I follow you right now,” (ARTI – ἄρτι (ar’-tee) versus NUN – νῦν (noon) used in verse 36.)

It would have been good for Peter to stop right there, but he does not. As we know, he continues in verse 37 with his boastful ways by saying, “I will lay down [TITHEMI – τίθημι (tith’-ay-mee)] my life [PSUCHE – ψυχή (psoo-khay’)] for you.”

This is followed by our Lord’s infamous prophecy of Peter’s three denials in verse 38. This scene is also noted in Mat 26:31-38; Mark 14:26-31; Luke 22:31-34.

Peter did start out with human courage in Mat 26:51-54; Mark 14:47; Luke 22:49-51; John 18:10, trying to defend the Lord with his sword, but that too was a misguided act. He may have taken too literally our Lord’s command to buy a sword in Luke 22:36-38.

His ultimate denial would play itself out in just a few hours as noted in Mat 26:58, 69-75; Mark 14:54, 66-72; Luke 22:54-62; John 18:15-18, 25-27.

Peter followed the Lord closely, everywhere He went. The trouble with Peter was that he didn’t learn the doctrine. So, following the Lord geographically is not the issue; following the Lord in the function of the Grace Apparatus for Perception (GAP) is the issue.

Your attitude toward Bible doctrine and the amount of exposure you get determines just what you would have done had you lived in Jesus’ time! It is one thing to keep Jesus in sight; it is something else to take in doctrine into the soul.

Because of his lapse of doctrine inculcation, there is absolutely no way that Peter is going to handle these things until he gets wise and gets Bible doctrine. It is a long way from Peter’s failure, as we just noted, to 2 Peter 1, where in his dying moments, he says the most important thing in life is Bible doctrine, and that Bible doctrine must be more real to you than people, things, and life itself. When that is true then you have it right. He’s a long way from there during the arrest, but he will get there.


  • Sincerity plus ignorance equals disorientation to the Plan of God and malfunction within it.
  • The Plan of God is perfect, Peter’s is imperfect, and the Father will not allow Peter’s plan to intrude upon His Plan. The Father never permits human viewpoint, ingenuity, or sincerity to intrude upon His Plan.
  • Peter’s sincerity and ignorance of doctrine makes him a producer of human good. There is no place in the Plan of God for human good.
  • Peter’s admirable motivation and good intentions are neutralized by ignorance of Bible doctrine (which has led him into the early stages of reversionism).
  • Ignorance is not bliss! Happiness is bliss, not ignorance. Happiness in Phase Two (the spiritual life) is based upon knowledge of Bible doctrine.
  • Peter is fearless; he is not a coward, yet his ignorance of doctrine makes his courage and noble motivation useless.
  • Ignorance of doctrine neutralizes the best of motives and destroys the nobility of the individual; it disorients the believer to the grace of God.

Summary of Chapters 13, (The Upper Room Discourse)

John 13:1b states, “Having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end.”

This underscores the overall messages in these discourses of our Lord. In fact, John’s language shifts when he begins these discourses to emphasize the importance of “love” in chapters 13-17. He uses the word “AGAPAO” – ἀγαπάω (ag-ap-ah’-o) that means, “impersonal and unconditional self-sacrificial love.” This is the type of love that God has for all mankind, especially the believer, which the believer should also have for other members of the human race.

A statistic regarding John’s vocabulary underscores the fact that love is a very significant term from here on —in John’s Gospel.  Love occurs 12 times in Chapters 1-12, (on average, once per chapter), and 34 times in chapters 13-17, (on average, seven times per chapter.).

This was the last great message Jesus would personally give to the disciples, (and now the Church), before His Crucifixion.

“Love” is the reason that He came, and the reason He will go to the Cross.

In fact, the first thing He does in this message, John 13:4-11, is demonstrate what the Cross does for us; for salvation, (bathing), and our daily walk (washing of the feet – 1 John 1:9).

Then in verses 12-20, He tells them how this kind of love is applied and demonstrated; through service and sacrifice on behalf of one another, just as the Cross was His service and sacrifice to the Father and for us, John 13:15-17.

John 13:15-17, “For I gave you an example that you also should do as I did to you. 16Truly, truly, I say to you, a slave is not greater than his master, nor is one who is sent greater than the one who sent him. 17If you know these things, you are blessed if you do them.”

Then in verses 21-30, we see that impersonal and unconditional love is to be applied at all times even in the face of a friend betraying you, as Judas Iscariot betrayed our Lord, according to prophecy.

Psa 14:9, “Even my close friend in whom I trusted, who ate my bread, has lifted up his heel against me.”

This was fulfilled in John 13:18.

John 13:18, “He who eats My bread has lifted up his heel against Me.”

At this time, we also noted a powerful Doctrine on Betrayal.

Likewise, we noted Demon Possession as Satan possessed Judas to close the deal on his betrayal.

John 13:27, “After the morsel, Satan then entered into him, (Judas Iscariot). Therefore Jesus said to him, “What you do, do quickly”.”

Demons can only possess unbelievers, and Judas was an unbeliever.  Believers in the Church Age have the permanent indwelling of God the Holy Spirit, and therefore, a demon cannot take up residency where God already lives.

Then in verses 31-35, our Lord overtly comes back to the subject of “love.”

John 13:34, “A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another, even as I have loved you, that you also love one another.”

We are to have self-sacrificial love for our fellow mankind, especially for our fellow believers, just as our Lord had for the disciples, and for us too, by going to the Cross.

Notice that prior to this new commandment, Jesus gave an example of encouragement for the self-sacrificial life of the believer by noting that “the Son of Man is glorified.”

You see when you walk in AGAPE –  ἀγάπη (ag-ah’-pay) love, you too will be glorified, just as Christ was glorified by the Father, as a result of His work upon the Cross. And as Jesus stated, when God is able to glorify you, He is glorified as a result.

Then verse 36 begins a series of bumbling questions by the disciples beginning with Peter.  Our Lord uses this opportunity to encourage them about the promises of our eternal, heavenly life.  In the midst of this is Peter’s humiliation, where Jesus prophesizes about his denial.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Chapter 14 Outline:

Vs. 1-7, The promise of eternal security.

Vs. 8-14, The fellowship of the Father and the Son.

Vs. 15-17, Promised indwelling of the Helper (God the Holy Spirit).

Vs. 18-21, The indwelling Spirit as the basis for our fellowship with the Father and the Son and understanding of the Word of God.

Vs. 22-26, Summarizing the previous two topics.

Vs. 27-31, Sharing the Happiness of God – Problem Solving Device—11.  This is achieved by doing the will of God, even in the midst of opposition from Satan’s cosmic system.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Chapter 15 Outline:  What to do with God’s Provisions.

Vs, 1-5, Divine Good Production.

Vs. 6, Warning to the unproductive believer.

Vs 7-10, Faith Application of the Word produces divine good.

Vs. 11, Divine good produces inner happiness.

Vs. 12-13, Impersonal Love motivates Divine good production.

Vs. 14-15, Faith Application results in intimacy with Christ

Vs. 16-17, Predestined to glorify God.

Vs. 18-21, Obstructions to Divine good production.

Vs. 22 -25, The reason for the world’s rejection.

Vs. 26-27, The Spirit leads us in triumph.

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