Doctrine of Inheritance
Eph 1:11, 13-14
Eph 1:14, “Who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God’s own possession, to the praise of His glory.”
In Eph 1:14, God the Father has given use a pledge of the indwelling Holy Spirit as a guarantee of our eternal inheritance. The reason for the pledge of the indwelling Holy Spirit is for our “inheritance,” which is the Noun KLERONOMIA, κληρονομία that is a compound word that comes from KLEROO, which we noted in vs. 11, that means, “an inheritance,” and the noun NOMOS that means, “law.” So KLERONOMIA means, “a lawful inheritance,” speaking of the inheritance God is lawfully able to give to us that is waiting for us in heaven, because of His Son’s completed work upon the Cross, cf. vs. 18; Col 3:24; Heb 9:15; 1 Peter 1:4.
1. Jesus Christ is the heir of all things, Heb 1:1 2.
Heb 1:1 2, “In the past, God, (The Father), spoke to our forefathers through the prophets at many times and in various ways. But in these last days, (New Testament times), He has spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed the heir of all things, because of whom, (Jesus Christ), He has also made the ages, (dispensations).” This inheritance begins at the point of the millennium.
2. Heirship is based on personal faith in Christ, Col 3:24; Titus 3:7; Rev 21:7.
Col 3:24, “Knowing that from the Lord you will receive the reward of the inheritance. It is the Lord Christ whom you serve.”
Titus 3:7, “That being justified by His grace, we might become heirs on the basis of the confidence of eternal life.”
Rev 21:7, “He who overcomes, (victory of salvation for eternal life, 1 John 5:4-5), shall inherit these things. Furthermore, I will be his God; and he will be My son.”
3. Heirship is based on being called by God, Heb 9:15 cf. 11:8.
Heb 9:15, “And for this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, in order that since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.”
4. Heirship is based on Sonship.
a. The son becomes the heir. Sonship occurs at the moment of faith in Christ.
John 1:12, “But as many as received Him, to them gave He the power to become children of God, even to those who believe on His name.”
Gal 3:26, “For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus.”
Gal 4:7, “Therefore you are no longer a slave, but a son; and if a son, then an heir through God.”
b. This fulfills the concept of heirship found in Rom 8:16 17, “The Spirit Himself bears witness with our (human) spirit that we are the children of God, and if children, then heirs, heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ.”
5. Heirship is based on Positional Sanctification and resultant adoption.
a. The Church Age believer is Royal Family of God. So not only are we sons by birth, but because of positional sanctification (union with Christ), God has adopted each one of us Roman style, i.e., aristocracy naming His heir, Acts 20:32; 26:18.
Acts 20:32, “And now I commend you to God and to the word of His grace, which is able to build you up and to give you the inheritance among all those who are sanctified.”
b. Positional Sanctification is the means of forming the Royal Family of God in the Church Age through the Baptism of the Holy Spirit at salvation. It provides equal privilege under the asset of predestination.
c. The Roman custom of adoption emphasizes the fact that we are not only sons by regeneration, but we are sons by adoption, which makes us heirs of God, Eph 1:11.
Eph 1:11, “In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to His purpose who works all things after the counsel of His will.”
d. The unbeliever has not received positional sanctification from God and therefore is still in their sins. Therefore, they are not adopted into the family of God and do not have a share in the inheritance in Christ, Eph 5:5.
Eph 5:5, “For this you know with certainty, that no immoral or impure person or covetous man, who is an idolater, has an inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God.”
6. The Holy Spirit at salvation provides the signature guarantee of our inheritance, Eph 1:13-14, “Who is the guarantee of our inheritance, for the release of your possession (assets – inheritance) for the praise of His glory.”
7. The invisible assets of our inheritance are found in our very own portfolio provided by God the Father, prepared in eternity past, and given to us at the point of salvation, Eph 1:14, “Who is the guarantee of our inheritance for the release of your assets for the praise of his glory.”
8. The believer’s inheritance is secure forever, 1 Peter 1:4 5, “We have an inheritance which is incorruptible and undefiled, and will not fade away, reserved in heaven for you who are guarded by the power of God through faith (doctrine) resulting in a deliverance, ready to be revealed in the last time.”
9. Our attitude toward our inheritance should be thanksgiving, Col 1:12, “Constantly giving thanks to the Father, who has qualified us to share in the inheritance of the saints in light.”