Encouragement / Exhortation / Comfort

Rom 1:12  “That is, that I may be encouraged together with you while among you, each of us by the other’s faith, both yours and mine.”

The Greek word for Encouragement is PARAKLESIS

In Rom 1:12 Paraklesis is joined with the prefix of SUM to give us a Verb in the Aorist, Passive, Infinite – Sumparaklethenaisumparakleqenai

This is a compound word made up of three words: Sum + Para + Kaleo

The Aorist views the entirety of the action of encouragement.

The Passive voice says Paul received encouragement

The Infinitive tells us he continually received encouragement through fellowship with them.

sumparakaleosumparakaleoô [soom-par-ak-al-eh’-o]

The words Sum and Parakaleo mean; to console jointly:—comfort together, to exhort together, passive, to be strengthened with:—encouraged together.

Joseph Thayer Defines this as:

1) To call upon or invite or exhort at the same time or together

2) To strengthen (comfort) with others

Sumparakaleo means encouragement, as two or more parties come together.

Sum comes from the word  sunsunand is a primary preposition denoting union; with or together (a close union), that is, by association, companionship. In compounds it has similar applications, including completeness. It expresses association with:— accompany, along, associates, together.

parakaleoparakaleoô[par-ak-al-eh’-o]

The words PARA and Kaleo mean;  to call near, that is, invite, invoke (by imploration, exhortation or consolation):—beseech, call for, (be of good) comfort, desire, (give) exhort (-ation), entreat, appeal, beg, comfort, conciliate, encourage, implore, plead, urge, etc.

Josphe Thayer Defines this as:

1) to call to one’s side, call for, summon

2) to address, speak to, (call to, call upon), which may be done in the way of
exhortation, entreaty, comfort, instruction, etc.

2a) to admonish, exhort

2b) to beg, entreat, beseech

2c) to console, to encourage and strengthen by consolation, to comfort

2d) to encourage, strengthen

2e) exhorting and comforting and encouraging

2f) to instruct, teach

para  –para [par-ah’ ]

Is a primary preposition meaning; properly near, at (or in) the vicinity of (objectively or subjectively). In compounds it retains the same variety of application:—above, against, among, at, before, by, contrary to, etc.

kaleokaleoô [kal-eh’-o]

Is akin to the base of Keleuo and is from the primary word Kello (to urge on); “hail”; to incite by word, that is, order:-bid, (at, give) command (-ment).  Thus kaleo comes to mean; to “call” (properly aloud, but is used in a variety of applications, directly or otherwise):—bid, call (forth), (whose, whose sur-) name (was [called]).

Principles of Encouragement:

1) Encouragement is from and based on God.  Rom 15:1-6; Phil 2:1-2; Heb 6:18 

Heb 6:18  “So that by two unchangeable things  (Promise to Abraham and the oath which rests on the very being of God)   in which it is impossible for God to lie, we who have taken refuge would have strong encouragement to take hold of the hope set before us.”

2) Pastors and all believers are to encourage with the Word.

Acts 15:31-32   Judas and Silas, also being prophets themselves, encouraged and strengthened the brethren with a lengthy message.”

2 Tim 4:2  Preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with great patience and instruction.”

Titus 1:9  Holding fast the faithful word which is in accordance with the teaching, so that he (the Pastor-Teacher) will be able both to exhort in sound doctrine and to refute those who contradict.”

Titus 2:15   These things speak and exhort and reprove with all authority.  Let no one disregard you.”

Rom 15:4   For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our instruction, so that through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.”

3) Our faith and love for the Lord encourages others. We encourage others by the demonstration of our faith. Acts 27:27-38; Judges 20:22; 1 Sam 23:16; Rom 1:12; Col 2:1-8, 4:11; Phil 2:19; 1 Thess 3 – all

Dan 11:1  “In the first year of Darius the Mede, I arose to be an encouragement and a protection for him.” 

Phil 2:19   “But I hope in the Lord Jesus to send Timothy to you shortly, so that I also may be encouraged when I learn of your condition.” 

Judges 20:22   “But the people, the men of Israel, encouraged themselves and arrayed for battle again in the place where they had arrayed themselves the first day.” 

1 Sam 23:16  And Jonathan, Saul’s son, arose and went to David at Horesh, and encouraged him in God.”

4) We are to encourage one another to serve.

Acts 18:27  And when he wanted to go across to Achaia, the brethren encouraged him (Apollos) and wrote to the disciples to welcome him; and when he had arrived, he greatly helped those who had believed through grace, 28for he powerfully refuted the Jews in public, demonstrating by the Scriptures that Jesus was the Christ.” 

1 Cor 16:12   “But concerning Apollos our brother, I encouraged him greatly to come to you with the brethren; and it was not at all his desire to come now, but he will come when he has opportunity.”

5) There is a spiritual gift of encouragement, the gift of exhortation. Rom 12:8This individual will counsel, comfort, warn and advise his fellow brethren.