Love from God is maximum, after the point of propitiation, to every believer. God then loves you with exactly the same amount of love that He has for the Son our Lord Jesus Christ, regardless of the believer’s status. You might change your attitude towards God, but never once will He change His attitude towards you. This links God’s love, immutability, eternal life, and omniscience together. Eph 1:4-6; 1 John 2:2; 4:9-10, 19.
AGAPE – ἀγάπη (ag-ah’-pay) Love fulfills the principles of Rom 5:5; Gal 5:22; 1 Cor 13.
There are Four General Categories of Love Based Upon the Direction of Love:
- Category 1, toward God – Motivational Virtue, Duet 6:5; 1 Peter 1:8.
- Category 2, toward your right man or right woman of the opposite sex – Personal Love, Ecc 9:9.
- Category 3, toward friends – 1 Sam 20:17; Prov 17:17; 18:24; Heb 13:1.
- Category 4, towards all of mankind – Functional Virtue, Mat 22:39.
AGAPE – ἀγάπη (ag-ah’-pay) love emphasizes the virtue of the subject rather than attraction to an object or rapport with an object.
AGAPE – ἀγάπη (ag-ah’-pay) love toward all mankind is the ultimate expression of virtue. It is also the ultimate expression of humility.
In John 15:17, “I command you these things, that you might love each other.” Jesus said this to the disciples, who were believers, after they had been together for almost three years. They had developed personality conflicts, took sides, and were critical of each other. So, this command from our Lord is brought into the Christian life.
- Impersonal love is unconditional. It emphasizes the virtue of the subject rather than the attractiveness or repulsiveness of the object.
- Impersonal love is a Problem-Solving Device in regards to human relationships.
- Impersonal love is the basis for having the capacity for personal love towards a few people.
- Impersonal love for all mankind is the ultimate expression of maximum metabolized Bible doctrine circulating in the compartments of the heart (right lobe) of your soul by means of the Holy Spirit.
- Our Lord’s description of Impersonal Love is given in Luke 6:27-38. This may be Luke’s account of the Sermon on the Mount excluding the Jewish sections. It is also known as the Apostles ordination sermon.
The Sermon Deals with the Disciples’ Relationships to:
- Possessions, vs. 20-26,
- People, vs. 27-45,
- The Lord, vs. 46-49.
You can summarize the sermon in four words: being (vs. 20-26), loving (vs. 27-36), forgiving (vs. 37-45), and obeying (vs. 46-49).
In section two “People,” Jesus tells us how to get along with our enemies (vs. 27-36) and our brothers (vs. 37-45). So, that will be our focus in regards to AGAPE – ἀγάπη (ag-ah’-pay) love towards all of mankind.
Luke 6:27-28, These mandates cannot be fulfilled by any human power or strength. They can only be fulfilled by the Divine power of Bible doctrine circulating in the stream of consciousness and the filling of God the Holy Spirit.
Luke 6:29, This is a total lack of revenge motivation. Love is not vengeful. This is a dynamic of spiritual power and cannot be accomplished through human personal love.
Luke 6:30, This must be interpreted not according to the strict sense of the words. It does not mean you are obliged to everyone who asks without regard for your own abilities, or the circumstances of the person begging or asking of you. It is obliging us to liberality and love according to our abilities, and the true needs and circumstances of our poor brethren, and in that order which God’s Word has directed us:
- Providing for our own families.
- Then doing good towards the body of Christ.
- Then to others, as we are able.
The second part of the verse should not be interpreted as if it were a restraint of Christians from pursuing thieves or oppressors, but as a precept prohibiting us private revenge or also making a big deal about the little things. This was an Old Testament precept of God, Deut 15:7-9, confirmed by Christ.
Luke 6:31, a.k.a. the “Golden Rule,” Do unto others as you would have done unto you.
This should serve as a guide to us to expound the former verses and the other precepts of love in this chapter. Believers, in all these cases, should consider what they would think reasonable that others should do to them were they in their circumstances, and the others had the same ability or advantage to do good to them. By this you should measure your acts both of justice and love.
Luke 6:32-34, Human love repays kindness with kindness. Divine AGAPE – ἀγάπη (ag-ah’-pay) love goes much further and is able to be kind to those who mistreat you. God expects that those who have received more grace and favor from Him than others should do more in obedience to the positive commands and revelations of His will in His Word, Luke 12:48.
Luke 6:35-36, AGAPE – ἀγάπη (ag-ah’-pay) Love functions regardless of sins or offenses, and without expectation of repayment or gratitude. It is having compassion towards all. Therefore, a merciful or compassionate man easily forgets injuries, pardons without being solicited, and does not permit repeated acts of ingratitude to deter him from doing good. It is obliging us not to withhold AGAPE – ἀγάπη (ag-ah’-pay) Love from fear that if we lend, we may lose what we lend. It is obliging us that if we find the circumstances of any that desires us to lend to him for his necessity, (money or goods as we can spare and we can well enough bear the loss of if the providence of God should render the person unable to repay us), that we should not be deterred to do so, but give with a resolution to lose it, if God pleases to disable the person to whom we lend, so that as he cannot repay us.
Luke 6:37, AGAPE – ἀγάπη (ag-ah’-pay) Love excludes gossiping, maligning, and judging. Here we have the positive aspect of reaping what you sow. We will see more of this in our summary below.
Luke 6:38, AGAPE – ἀγάπη (ag-ah’-pay) Love means a heart for giving that results in tremendous rewards and blessings for both time and eternity,
Deut 15:10; Prov 19:17; 22:9; 28:8, (see KJV for the last passage).
Therefore, our loving and merciful actions will be rewarded by God, either indirectly by stirring up others to be as kind to us as we were to others or directly via His providential administration, Deut 24:19; Psa 41:1-3; Prov 11:25; 28:27; 2 Cor 9:6.
By God’s Divine Providence, He will see to it that those who have acted lovingly and mercifully, (not in a mere commiseration to human condition, but in a just obedience to His will), will not lose by what they have done. They will be rewarded fully and plentifully, finding again (though it may be after many days) the bread which they have cast upon the waters, according to His command, Eccl 11:1.
In summary, our Lord mentioned seven aspects of unconditional love. These actions are not performed naturally by human nature, but require supernatural enabling and are proof of true righteousness:
- Love your enemies.
- Do good to those who hate you.
- Bless those who curse you.
- Pray for those who mistreat you.
- Do not retaliate.
- Give freely.
- Treat others the way you want to be treated.
The application of AGAPE – ἀγάπη (ag-ah’-pay) love makes you distinctive from others (vs. 32-34, “even sinners…”), and as having the same characteristics as the heavenly Father (vs. 35).
Our Lord also teaches us a fundamental principle, “what you sow is what you will reap,” (vs. 36-38; cf. Gal 6:7).
Five Areas of Proof of the Sowing and Reaping Theme:
- Mercy will lead to mercy, Luke 6:36. The disciples were exhorted to have the same merciful attitude God displayed toward them.
- Judgment will lead to judgment, 37a.
- Condemnation will lead to condemnation, 37b.
- Pardon will lead to pardon, 37c.
- Giving will lead to giving, 38.
It is simply a fact of life that certain attitudes and actions often reflect back on the individual.
1 John 3:23, “This is His commandment, that we believe in the name of His Son Jesus Christ, and love one another, just as He commanded us.”