1 John ~ Chapter 5
1 John 5:1-3, Proof of Being Perfected (Matured) in Love:
As we begin chapter five, the first thing to note is that it is a continuation of chapter four. Chapter breaks are not inspired and were added years after the original writings.
If I were breaking up the chapters, I would have begun a new chapter at chapter 4 verse 7 and continued it to chapter 5 verse 3. In fact, 4:7-5:3 is like a parenthesis in regards to the overall message of this book, brotherly love.
In chapter 4:1-6, we have a discussion regarding overcoming the antichrists of this world that seems to be picked up again in 5:4 and continues to 5:13.
The other way to look at it is that 4:1-6 and 5:4-13 are the parentheses.
Finally, in 5:14-21, we have closing encouragements from John in regards to our spiritual life with a focus on our prayer life.
So, beginning in Verse 1, we have: “Whoever believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God, and whoever loves the Father loves the child born of Him.”
“Whoever” is the Greek word PAS meaning, “all or every.” This tells us that there are no exceptions. Every believer should be functioning in Impersonal and Unconditional love.
“Believes” is PISTEUO in the Present, Active, Participle in the Nominative case that means, “to believe, entrust, or have faith.” This sets the standard for qualification; every member of the Royal Family of God.
The Perfective Present Tense refers to a fact, which has come to be in the past with emphasis on the present reality. In other words, you have believed in the past that led to your salvation, which continues to be a present reality.
The Active Voice refers to members of the human race who produce the action of the verb through salvation adjustment to the justice of God through faith in the Lord Jesus Christ.
“That Jesus is the Christ” – HOTI IESOUS EIMI CHRISTOS. This emphasizes the humanity of our Lord in that He is the prophesized Messiah / Anointed One. This goes back to refute the Gnostic heresies in regards to our Lord. Jesus Christ is the God/Man in hypostatic union, who is begotten from God the Father, who also paid the penalty for our sins.
“Is” is EIMI in the Gnomic Present Tense that represents the perpetual nature of the humanity of Jesus as the Christ. It’s a timeless general fact.
The Indicative Mood is declarative for the reality of the hypostatic union.
Then we have the phrase “is born of God”.
The verb “to be” (EIMI) is not used here. Instead the Greek uses EK that means, “from”, and TOU THEOU, which means, “the God”. It is in the Ablatival Genitive of Source. So instead of “of God”, it should read, “from the source of God”.
Then we have GENNAO, which means, “born from or begotten.” This is in reference to the believer in the Lord Jesus Christ. So, just as Jesus was begotten / born from God, the believer too is a child from God.
GENNAO is in the Perfect, Passive, Indicative, which means, “we have been and continue to be born from God”. Therefore, “Everyone who believes that Jesus is the Christ has been born from God”.
The Intensive Perfect emphasizes the result of the completed action. It means that the past completed action of faith for salvation has tremendous continuous results today. So, just like a physical birth, it means a brand new start in life that leads to growth and maturity.
The Passive Voice says that the believer receives the action of the verb at the point of salvation and continues perpetually in it. In other words, ETERNAL SECURITY! The ministry of God the Holy Spirit is the means by which we are born again with the result of being sealed forever. 2 Cor 1:21-22; Eph 1:13; 4:30.
Eph 1:13, “In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation—having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise.”
2 Cor 1:21-22, “Now He who establishes us with you in Christ and anointed us is God, 22who also sealed us and gave us the Spirit in our hearts as a pledge.”
Our last phrase is, “and whoever loves the Father loves the child born of Him.”
The first part of this phrase in the Greek is KAI PAS HO AGAPE HO GENNAO. Literally, it is, “and all the love the begotten”.
Here we have the word PAS again for “all or everyone” in regards to believers only. We also have GENNAO again, which is not the usual word for father, which is PATER. Here GENNAO is used to emphasize the one who brought us forth at the new birth. The one who gave birth to us in the born again life.
The phrase “everyone who” (PAS HO) is in the Perfective Present Tense, as we have seen previously with “believes” – PISTEUO. Here it is referring to our motivational love for God the Father, a fact that has come to be in the past but is emphasized as a present reality. In other words, you loved Him in the past when you believed for your salvation and you continue to love Him today.
So, it could read, “and everyone who loves the one who gave birth to you.”
The second half of the last phrase, “loves the child born of Him” is AGAPE [KAI] HO GENNAO EK AUTOS or literally, “love [also] the born from Him”.
“Love” is the verb AGAPAO in the Present, Active, Indicative.
The Progressive Present Tense is used for a state of continuous action of being a child of God that results in the production of virtue love, that is, impersonal and unconditional love for all believers, as is the context of this passage.
The Active Voice tells us that the believer produces the action – loving his brother.
The Indicative Mood is declarative for the reality of the function of personal love for God as a motivating virtue for impersonal love directed toward man, specifically the believer here. In other words, if you have the motivating virtue (personal love for God), you will possess the functioning virtue (unconditional love for fellow believers). This is the proof of our faith and love in the Father.
“Born” is once again GENNAO in the Perfect, Passive, Participle. It is referring to past completed action with emphasis on continuing and existing results. So, “have been born (and remain born)” is a good translation.
The Intensive Perfect Tense emphasizes the existing results; the function of virtue love toward all mankind.
The Passive Voice tells us the believer receives the action of the verb – at salvation.
Finally, “from Him,” is EK AUTOS, the personal pronoun that should be translated “from Him,” in reference to God the Father.
So, the corrected translation is: “Everyone who believes that Jesus is the Christ [Messiah, Anointed One] has been born from God, furthermore, everyone who loves the Father loves those who have been born (and remain born) from Him.”
- Verse one ushers in a new subject as it also concludes the previous one. It is a useful closing caution in regards to:
1.) Loving your brother,
2.) Loving him as you see him,
3.) Loving him because God commands it, and
4.) Loving him because he is also begotten of God.
- We are instructed to watch ourselves carefully in regards to loving our fellow believers, children of God.
- This is not talking about a human love, but the virtue love that is God and is from God as we reside inside God’s Power System (GPS).
- To be faithful at all, this love should attest to the fact of God giving us His Spirit with the result of our operating in all godliness (virtue) out of respect for God our Father.
- We love those born of God because God loves them, and we supposedly love God.
1 John 5:2, “By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God and observe His commandments.”
Vs. 2 – The Relationship Between Motivation and Function in Virtue Love.
The first phrase, “By this we know”, is EN HOUTOS GINOSKO. EN HOUTOS is in the Dative of Means case (Instrumental) and is correctly translated. It is the attention grabber setting up the following conclusion for us to realize, do we truly have AGAPE love or not. So, it begins with the understanding of functional virtue which is then followed by our motivational and directional virtue.
GINOSKO is the verb meaning, “to come to know, recognize, perceive,” in the Present, Active, Indicative, First Person, Plural.
The Perfective Present denotes perception of Bible doctrine producing virtue love in the past, while emphasizing the present reality, your love today. Based on knowing Bible doctrine in the past, you have functional virtue towards your fellow believer. Therefore, it is our basis for understanding, “we know”, which also indicates one half of GPS.
The First Person Plural indicates that John is including himself in this principle.
Then we have “that we love the children of God”, where “love” is AGAPAO in the Present, Active, Indicative, First Person, Plural.
This is a Progressive Present Tense for the continuous manufacture and function of virtue love directed towards your fellow believer.
“Children” is the Direct Object Accusative noun TEKNON, which was also used in regards to students or technical ones.
This is joined with HO THEOS, “of God.” This is our functional virtue, impersonal love, directed toward all believers who are all children of God, John 13:33-35.
- AGAPAO TEKNON is talking about loving (impersonally and unconditionally) all kinds of believers.
- All believers are different, ranging from obnoxious to attractive. There are many kinds of personalities.
- When you have tolerance for all believers, even the very obnoxious, you are giving them a chance to use privacy and their positive volition to develop virtue of their own, (and maybe they’ll stop being so obnoxious! lol).
- All believers are supposed to be learning doctrine. The issue is to give them a chance via impersonal love.
- That is the only way you can bring together a congregation of believers in various stages of spiritual growth and give them all the same chance of learning, growing, and glorifying God.
- Impersonal love provides the environment of privacy.
- Virtue love creates an environment for learning, because there is no maligning, gossiping, or anything else that would make it impossible for you to feel comfortable in Bible class.
- No matter how you have failed, no matter who you are, no matter what you do for a living, you have equal privilege and equal opportunity to come and listen to the Word of God.
- Virtue Love does not tear down but builds up the body through encouragement, 1 Thes 5:11-18.
Next, we have the mandate that indicates the evidence by which we know that we are obedient to God’s command to love our brethren, “when we love God and observe His mandates (ENTOLE)”.
This AGAPAO for God is in the Present, Active, Subjunctive, First Person, Plural, as is “observe,” which is the Greek verb POIEO. POIEO means, “to make, do, or accomplish.”
In both cases the Customary Present Tense stands for what may reasonably be expected to occur when the believer lives inside GPS.
The Subjunctive Mood is for the potential. Maybe we do, and maybe we do not. The maybe begins with His mandates. If we keep His mandates, then we will also love Him with the result that we love our fellow believers. But, if we do not keep His mandates, then we do not love Him with the result that we will not love our fellow believers.
Therefore, the root of the potential subjunctive here is our obedience to the mandates of God (Bible Doctrine). If we live in the will and plan of God, that tells us we love Him and our fellow believers. If we don’t keep His mandates, then we don’t love Him or our fellow believers.
So, the translation here is, “whenever we love God and keep His mandates”.
This is our motivational virtue, personal love towards God the Father. Motivational virtue directed towards God results in functional virtue directed towards our fellow believers. When we are motivated by the invisible, we can have virtue with the visible.
- With love for and confidence in God, you have the basis for every true and honorable motivation and virtue in life.
- There are three motivational virtues:
1.) Worship toward God; your perception of Bible doctrine,
2.) Confidence toward God; your assurance and steadfastness,
3.) Personal love toward God; your motivation for life.
- Without the perception of Bible doctrine, you will not have the other two virtues in your life.
- Knowledge of God’s will must precede the execution of God’s will. It is impossible to do the will of God, unless you know exactly what it is.
- A motivational virtue is the invisible counterpart for each visible, functional virtue. For example, the virtue of confidence toward God motivates the functional virtue of courage toward man and circumstances.
- All functional virtues stem from motivational virtues, and all motivational virtues originate from your free will decisions to obey God’s mandates.
John 5:3, “For this is the love of God, that we keep His commandments; and His commandments are not burdensome.”
“For this is the love of God” is emphasizing your personal love for God as the motivating virtue for your impersonal love directed toward man. Here we see that your personal relationships with people and your association with those to whom you have no relationship or friendship are all related to the impersonal love factor. This is your impersonal and unconditional love for all, which demonstrates your personal love for God.
“That we keep” is the final purpose clause with the conjunction HINA for “that,” and the Progressive Present tense, Active Voice and Subjunctive Mood of the verb TEREO. TEREO means, “to watch over, to guard, to keep, to observe, to execute.” So, we could say, “that we might continue observing / executing.”
The Subjunctive with the conjunction HINA gives us the purpose clause but is also a contingency. The contingency relates to your relationship with God and His Plan, in other words, residence and function inside GPS.
Then we have the main noun in view here, which is “commandments”, in the Greek ENTOLE. ENTOLE means, “an injunction, authoritative prescription, order, precept, or command.” These are God’s orders passed down to the spiritual warrior.
Then we are told of the degree of difficulty in executing the mandates of God; God’s game plan for this dispensation. “His commandments are not burdensome”. OUK EIMI for “are not.”
In the Progressive Present Tense meaning that they are never difficult.
So, we could say, “they keep on being of no burden”.
“Burdensome” is the Greek adjective BARUS, which means, “burdensome, heavy, or difficult to fulfill.” As I noted in our study of John 13:34, the reason why His mandates are not difficult to fulfill or are burdensome is because God has provided you with everything necessary to accomplish this task. We have been given salvation and His logistical grace plan, your portfolio of invisible assets, which are part of the 40 things He gave to you at the moment of your salvation. Everything that is necessary to sustain you, from the moment you believe in Jesus Christ to the moment of your death or the Rapture, whichever occurs first, God has provided for you.
Therefore, with all that provision, we should be able to very simply walk in His Plan and keep His mandates.
1 Peter 1:22-23, “Since you have in obedience to the truth purified your souls for a sincere love of the brethren, fervently love one another from the heart, 23for you have been born again not of seed which is perishable but imperishable, that is, through the living and enduring word of God.”
There are two types of mandates God has given to us:
Residence mandates. We are commanded to live in our daily relationship with God.
John 15:9-10, “Just as the Father loves Me, so also I have loved you. Reside in My love. 10If you keep My mandates, you will reside in the sphere of My love, just as I have fulfilled the mandates of My Father and reside in the sphere of His love”
Functional mandates. We are command to daily exercise the command to love.
Eph 5:2, “And walk in love, just as Christ also loved you and gave Himself up for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God as a fragrant aroma.”
2 John 6, “And this is love, that we walk according to His commandments. This is the commandment, just as you have heard from the beginning, that you should walk in it.”
In God’s system, the ultimate purpose is to glorify our Lord Jesus Christ. His policy is grace, the authority is the sovereignty of God, and the power is the Holy Spirit and Word (GPS).
Jesus Christ is glorified by the salvation of unbelievers and the imputation of blessings to believers.
The policy of grace is defined in Bible Doctrine.
His Divine authority is embodied in the Word of God (Rom 1:16) and delegated as temporal authority under the laws of divine establishment (Rom 13:8-11).
Rom 1:16, “For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes.”
Rom 13:8-14, “Owe nothing to anyone except to love one another; for he who loves his neighbor has fulfilled the law. 9For this, “YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY, YOU SHALL NOT MURDER, YOU SHALL NOT STEAL, YOU SHALL NOT COVET,” and if there is any other commandment, it is summed up in this saying, “YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.” 10Love does no wrong to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfillment of the law. 11Do this, knowing the time, that it is already the hour for you to awaken from sleep; for now salvation is nearer to us than when we believed. 12The night is almost gone, and the day is near. Therefore let us lay aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light. 13Let us behave properly as in the day, not in carousing and drunkenness, not in sexual promiscuity and sensuality, not in strife and jealousy. 14But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh in regard to its lusts.”
Since today is Superbowl Sunday, we can use a football analogy. Therefore, just like the NFL Football Coach, God has done the thinking, planned the strategy, and called the plays. As believers, our responsibility is to execute His plan for our lives so as to glorify Him for the Angelic Conflict.
Therefore, mandates for residence and function inside GPS are given in relationship to the third person of the trinity, God the Holy Spirit. In order to fulfill the mandates, we must be:
- “Filled with the spirit”, Eph 5:18, refers to the initial entrance into GPS at the point of salvation and subsequent use of 1 John 1:9 post salvation, as a result of sinning.
- “Walk by means of the Spirit”, Gal 5:16, is a mandate for the believer to remain inside GPS.
- “Do not grieve the Spirit”, Eph 4:30, is a mandate to the believer not to enter into Satan’s Cosmic System, as a result of sinning.
- “Do not quench the Spirit”, 1 Thes 5:19, is the mandate for the believer not to enter, live habitually in sin with resultant antagonism towards God. Yet, even when the believer is in the cosmic system, the Holy Spirit still indwells the believer, making his body the temple of the Spirit
God’s Power System (GPS) is ultimately an interlocking system of love:
- The imputation of divine perfect righteousness at the moment of faith not only means justification, but it is the basis for God’s love toward man. God loves His own perfect righteousness in us, and therefore, the integrity (justice and righteousness) of God is able to bless us.
- This same principle was established at the cross, where God the Father loved God the Son eternally and infinitely. But God the Father’s integrity demanded that His justice impute our personal sins to Jesus Christ on the cross and then judge His Son bearing those sins. This demonstrated that divine integrity takes precedence over divine love in dealing with the human race.
- Realizing this, we realize there must be a system; whereby, we as believers, with all of our failures, can still be sustained by God day by day. How can God give us logistical grace when we are in the Cosmic System and continue to fail him? He doesn’t do it just because He loves us, but because of His integrity. So also, without integrity, human love has no virtue.
- Therefore, your love for mankind is not based on the attractiveness of people but on the integrity in your soul based on God’s Word and Spirit in you.
- God’s plan is a system of integrity. So, it is not surprising that God would invent for the Royal Family a system of integrity; a place where you can live your life in honor, and actually glorify God by keeping His mandate in spite of having an Old Sin Nature.
- Since obviously, we’re not as good as God, He gave us His perfect righteousness twice, His own and the indwelling of Christ’s righteousness. He did this in grace; we don’t earn or deserve it. Therefore, we have a relationship with God because of God’s grace. When God gives us His perfect righteousness, then love follows.
- Likewise, inside GPS, integrity must precede love. Virtue is developed, then comes application. Love doesn’t depend on your personality, sweetness, or self-sacrifice. You must have integrity. Without integrity and virtue, there is no love, no execution of the mandates of God. GPS puts the entire package together.
- Love is not love, life is not life, without the presence of integrity and virtue. Both divine integrity and love stand without any help from man. Therefore, we need God’s help and love to fulfill His mandate.
- We are Royal Family; therefore, we must have integrity before love. This means we must have a system, a spiritual life in which integrity comes before love.
- When you learn and live God’s system for integrity and love, you will be fulfilling His mandate to love His children.
1 John 5:4-5, Victorious in Christ:
We begin Verse 4 with the words HOTI PAS, translated in the NASB as “for whatever”.
1 John 5:4, “ For whatever is born of God overcomes the world; and this is the victory that overcomes the world—our faith.”
HOTI is a causal conjunction here that can mean, “that, because, or for since.” “Because” is a good translation. This tells us that God’s commandments are not burdensome, because of the power that comes with the new birth in Christ.
Then we have subject Nominative, Neuter of the adjective PAS that means, “all, every, all things, everyone, etc.” The neuter is used to emphasize the generic quality here, “all of mankind,” or more specifically, all believers that are from the human race. So, here it stands for all of mankind, everyone in the human race that believes in Jesus Christ, as we will see in the next phrase. This also indicates that everyone has the opportunity for salvation.
So, we could say, “because everyone of the human race” or “because all of mankind”.
Next, we have “is born”, which is the Verb – Participle GENNAO in the Perfect, Passive, Nominative, Neuter, Singular. GENNAO means, “to beget, to give birth to, to bring forth.”
The Perfect, Passive, Singular tells us there is only one birth in view here, which is the believer’s new birth at the moment of salvation, which he receives from God. The unbeliever becomes born again due to faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. There is not a plurality of births here, telling us we cannot lose our salvation. Once we are born again, we remain in that state eternally.
If GENNAO were in the Present or Plural, it would mean we could potentially be born again many times over due to losing our salvation many times over. Remember, we are already speaking in terms of multiple births in regards to everyone who believes, but each one only needs and receives one new birth.
The Intensive Perfect Tense tells us that the present state of being born again is produced due to the completed past action of faith in Christ. Therefore, once saved always saved.
So, we could translate this as, “who has been born”
Next, we have “of God,” which is EK TOU THEOU in the Genitive of Source. This means that God is the One who gives us our new birth. God is the One who gave us 40 things at salvation. God imputed His righteousness to us, at the moment of our salvation, regenerating our human spirit giving us new spiritual life.
So, we could say, “from the source of God.”
At the moment of salvation, through regeneration, the Holy Spirit creates a human spirit for the imputation of eternal life by God the Father, which makes the believer a new spiritual species, meaning he now possesses the divine nature, born from God.
2 Peter 1:4, “For by these He has granted to us His precious and magnificent promises, so that by them you may become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world by lust.”
John 3:6, “That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.”
Then we have the main verb in our passage in the phrase, “overcomes the world”.
“Overcomes” is the Greek verb NIKAO in the Present, Active, Indicative, third person, singular that means, “to conquer, prevail, or have victory.” This verb is used three times between verses 4 & 5, and the noun NIKE is used once.
The Third Person Singular generically groups together as one “all born” (PAS plus the nominative, substantival participle GENNAO) meaning, “all believers from mankind.” In other words, all believers are victorious in Christ.
Therefore, this is a Gnomic Present Tense that stands for a general, timeless fact. We who are believers in Christ, who is our victor, share in His victory over sin and death, 1 Cor 15:55-56, and therefore, we too are victorious.
So, we could say, “is victorious over”.
The victory over sin and death is categorized in the phrase, “the world,” which is HO KOSMOS. KOSMOS literally means, “order, arrangement, or decoration.” It stands for the order of the world or world order. As we know, Satan is the current ruler of this world; therefore, we understand this meaning to be Satan’s cosmic system or rulership of this world. Satan’s plan is characterized by evil. Evil leads to sin, and sin leads to death. Therefore, all believers are victorious over sin, evil, and death being in Christ positionally.
From the first part of this passage, we understand that all believers in the Lord Jesus Christ, who have been born (received eternal life) from God, have victory over Satan’s Cosmic System. That is, you are no longer a slave to sin; sin has been defeated.
This is the first category of “Overcomer” – The believer in the Lord Jesus Christ.
R.B. Thieme Jr. states, “The initial victory over the cosmic system occurs at the moment of salvation through faith in the Lord Jesus Christ”.
Positionally, we are overcomers in Christ, but experiential victory is something else, as we will see later on in this passage.
Finally, this is a continuation of John’s warnings in regards to false teachers and antichrists of 1 John 4:1-6. We have escaped the deception of their false doctrines and lies, because we have believed in the Son of God and have the resultant indwelling of God the Holy Spirit.
So far, we have, “Because everyone of the human race who has been born from the source of God is victorious over the world (Satan’s cosmic system)”.
Next, we have, “and this is the victory that has overcome the world, our faith”.
It begins with the connective conjunction KAI – “and, even, also”; plus the Pronominal Adjective HOUTOS for “this”.
Then we have the verb “to be”, which is EIMI in the Present, Active, Indicative for “is”.
This is a Stative Present Tense for continual action. It represents a condition that perpetually exists during the Church Age. It establishes the means of our victory, which is noted at the end of this verse, “our faith.” So, the initial victory over the Cosmic System occurs at the moment you believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, – “and this is”.
Next is the article HO plus the Subject Nominative Noun NIKE for “the victory.” This is the only time the noun is used in the N.T. It was used in Greek literature for victory in a battle or victory in the games. The Greek goddess of victory was name NIKE (nee’-kay). Here it refers to our initial victory in Christ; our positional victory being in union with Christ.
The Neuter form NIKOS is used in Mat 12:20 and 1 Cor 15:54-55, 57.
Mat 12:20, “A BATTERED REED HE WILL NOT BREAK OFF, AND A SMOLDERING WICK HE WILL NOT PUT OUT, UNTIL HE LEADS JUSTICE TO VICTORY.”
Then we have the second use of the verb NIKAO for “that has overcome.” This time with the article HO and in the Articular, Aorist, Active, Nominative Participle. The definite article is used as a relative pronoun to form a relative clause out of the participle.
The Constative Aorist Tense views the entirety of the action of being victorious from the past, but without emphasizing the beginning or end of the action. It is a reference to that moment when we believed in Jesus Christ.
The Active Voice says that the believer in the Lord Jesus Christ is performing the action of being victorious.
The Subject Nominative is for a state of being. This refers back to the GNOMIC Present use of NIKAO earlier, telling us it is a timeless general fact that we are overcomes.
So, we could say, “that has been victorious over.”
The English cannot reproduce the play on words here.
The Aorist Tense singles out an individual experience, when one believed. Jesus won the victory over the world, John 16:33, and God in us, 1 John 4:4, gives us the victory.
John 16:33, “These things I have spoken to you, so that in Me you may have peace. In the world you have tribulation, but take courage; I have overcome the world.”
1 John 4:4, “You are from God, little children, and have overcome them; because greater is He who is in you than he who is in the world.”
Following this is the direct object accusative of KOSMOS that tells us who or what we are victorious over. Once again it is “the world” – Satan’s Cosmic System.
So, we could say, “the victory that has been victorious over the world (Satan’s Cosmic System). This is describing the type of victory won by our Lord that has been given to the believer.
Then we are told how this victory was achieved HO PISTIS EGO. Literally, we could say, “the faith of us,” where PISTIS is the Greek noun for “faith” and EGO is the Genitive of Possession, First Person Plural for “our.” This is the only instance of PISTIS in John’s epistles, (it’s not in John’s Gospel, but is in Revelation).
So, it is our faith in Jesus Christ as shown by our confession, vs. 1, and by our life, vs. 2. Therefore, “our faith” towards Christ is what has afforded us victory in Christ.
Therefore, our corrected translation is as follows: “Because everyone of the human race who has been born from the source of God is victorious over the world (Satan’s Cosmic System), and this is the victory that has been victorious over the world (Satan’s Cosmic System): our faith”.
Other translations include:
Darby Translation, “For all that has been begotten of God gets the victory over the world; and this is the victory which has gotten the victory over the world, our faith.”
Young’s Translation, “Because every one who is begotten of God does overcome the world, and this is the victory that did overcome the world—our faith.”
R.B. Thieme Jr. Translation, “Because every category of humanity which has been born from God overcomes the cosmic system: and this is the initial victory which has overcome the cosmic system, our faith.”
God’s Word Translation, “Because everyone who has been born from God has won the victory over the world. Our faith is what wins the victory over the world.”
The Net Bible Translation, “Because everyone who has been fathered by God conquers the world. This is the conquering power that has conquered the world: our faith.”
Verse 5 then makes it clear, “and who is the one who overcomes the world, but he who believes that Jesus is the Son of God.”
First to note, there is no KAI for “and” and we will not add it.
Then we have the Interrogative Pronominal TIS for “who,” that introduces a rhetorical question.
This is followed by the Present, Active, Indicative of EIMI for “is.”
This is an Interrogative Indicative Mood, which assumes that there is an actual fact that may be stated in answer to the rhetorical question
Then we have HO NIKAO in the Present, Active, Subject Nominative Participle for “conquer, overcome, to win the verdict, prevail, or get the victory.” Given the Verb/Noun emphasis and keeping with our previous translation, we will say, “victorious over”.
These verses are talking about believing in Christ and how that makes you victorious. Whether you continue to experience or perpetuate that victory, depends upon your attitude toward Bible doctrine.
This is a Present Participle of Result, which mean this is contemporaneous action in present time, that is with faith in Christ comes victory.
The Active Voice says the believer in Christ is victorious at the moment of salvation.
Next, is the Direct Object Accusative, Singular HO KOSMOS for “the world.” This is what the victor is victorious over, the negative influence of Satan’s Cosmic System.
Then, we have the first class conditional “if” which is EI. giving us an “if and it is true” statement. This is linked with the Greek negative ME for “not or do not”. Literally, we could say. “if not,” yet this is an idiom that means, “except”.
This is an exclusionary clause, making a statement as to only those who are victorious.
Then we have the Present, Active, Subject Nominative Participle of PISTEUO which means, “to believe or entrust”. Again ,we do not have a straight up verb. We have a verb participle.
This is a Perfective Present Tense, which emphasizes that the results of a past action are still continuing.
This is preceded by the article HO. The definite article is used as a Relative Personal Pronoun to convert the participle into a relative clause.
So, we will say, “the person believing”.
R.B. Thieme Jr. states, “When did we become winners? Not from physical birth, not from anything after physical birth, not from our environment, not from anything that people associate with success. We became winners at the moment we believed in Christ. Whether we perpetuate that experientially depends on our attitude toward Bible doctrine, which means residence in the divine dynasphere”, (GPS). (Brackets Mine)
Next is the Conjunction of Content HOTI for “that” which introduces a subject and gives us the content of what the person named believes.
So, we will say, “except the person believing that”. This is introducing what our victory is based upon, faith in something or someone.
That something is noted in the last phrase Ἰησοῦς ἐστιν ὁ Υἱὸς τοῦ Θεοῦ – generically it is IESOUS EIMI HO HUIOS HO THEOS, which is translated “Jesus is the Son of God”.
IESOUS HO HUIOS “Jesus the Son” is in the Subject Nominative while HO THEOS is in the Genitive of Possession, so we say, “of God”.
IESOUS emphasizes the humanity of Christ in hypostatic union, and is the equivalent to the Hebrew Joshua which means, “Savior.”
HUIOS HO THEOS emphasizes His Deity.
EIMI is a Verb in the Gnomic Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular that means, “is.” It is a timeless general fact that “Jesus is the Son of God”.
The Stative Present represents the hypostatic union as perpetually existing.
The Active Voice tells us Christ produces the action of the verb.
The Indicative Mood is declarative for a dogmatic assertion of the Deity of Christ. Jesus is His humanity; the words that follow refer to His Deity; “Son of God”.
Ultimately, John continues to refute Gnosticism by pointing out the fact that the man Jesus is the Christ, who is also God. He is the God / Man in hypostatic union. Anyone who believes in Him, in this way, is victorious over false teaching from Satan’s Cosmic System that denies Christ’s Deity, and therefore, His efficacious work upon the Cross.
So, combined we have, “Who is victorious over the world? Except the person believing that Jesus is the Son of God.”
Warren Wiersbe states, “Most people in the world do not know what a Christian is or how they can become Christians. They trust in religious works and good intentions, depending on the energy of the flesh. God says that a Christian is someone who has been born again. It is faith in the finished work of Christ that makes a child of disobedience into a child of God (see John 1:12-13; James 1:18; 1 Peter 1:3). John uses the phrase “born of God” seven times in his first epistle and describes the “birthmarks of believers”: (1) they practice righteousness, 2:29; (2) they do not practice sin, 3:9; (3) they love other Christians, 4:7; (4) they overcome the world, 5:4; and (5) they keep themselves from Satan, 5:18.”
- Christians are not to love the world, belong to the world, or yield to the world. They are overcomers, overcoming the world, the devil (2:13-14), and the false teachers (4:4). Therefore, you overcome by faith in God’s Son and His Word, not by your own power or wisdom.
As I previously noted:
There are Two Kinds of Overcomers:
Category One Overcomers: Every believer because of the saving work of Jesus Christ on their behalf and their position / union in Him – this is also called Positional Sanctification. You share in Christ’s Strategic Victory of the Angelic Conflict.
Rev 5:5, “And one of the elders said to me, “Stop weeping; behold, the Lion that is from the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has overcome (Aorist, Active, Indicative) so as to open the book and its seven seals.””
Category Two Overcomers: Those believers who grow to spiritual maturity and are winners of rewards in the eternal state – this is also called Experiential Sanctification. You win tactical victories daily. This includes those believers who live inside God’s Power System (GPS), learn Bible doctrine, pass momentum tests, advance to Spiritual Maturity, fulfill the Plan of God, and glorify Jesus Christ.
Rom 12:21, “Do not be overcome (Present, Passive, Imperative) by evil, but overcome (Present, Active, Imperative) evil with good.”
In May of 2008, we studied the Doctrine of Overcomers in regards to 1 John 4:4. Please refer to those notes and audio presentations for more detailed information.
Nevertheless, following are a few Principles:
- The initial victory over the Cosmic System occurs at the moment of salvation.
- There are two results of the initial victory:
1.) Your permanent / everlasting union and victory in Christ, due to His strategic victory of the Angelic Conflict. This is called Positional Sanctification, where you share in His victory.
2.) You are entered into the temporal state of God’s Power System. This is the sphere of tactical victories that you can win, when filled with the Holy Spirit. This is called Experiential Sanctification.
- You cannot lose your permanent victory, position in Christ, over the Cosmic System, John 10:28-30.
- On the other hand, you can lose your initial entrance into God’s Power System, due to sin, 1 John 1:6, 8.
- When you lose your initial entrance into GPS, due to sinning post salvation, you will not achieve experiential, tactical victory in the Angelic Conflict.
- When you lose your residence inside GPS, the grace of God has given us 1 John 1:9, the confession of sins, a.k.a. rebound, for the cleansing of our souls from sin and to regain the filling of the Holy Spirit.
- Upon confession of your sins, you are entered back into GPS and experiential sanctification, from there you can win tactical victories experientially over Satan’s Cosmic System.
- Therefore, the initial experiential victory of residing for the first-time inside God’s Power System demands perpetuation.
- The only way to perpetuate that victory over the Cosmic System is to continue to reside and function inside GPS.
- To do this there must be frequent use of the rebound technique to re-enter GPS after failure and cosmic involvement. Then tactical victory comes to the believer who overcomes various cosmic trials, temptations, and momentum tests.
- To be victorious tactically requires perpetuation of living inside GPS, which is accomplished through the application of AGAPE love. In the Sphere of GPS, AGAPE Love is the environment for virtue, as well as the execution of the Christian way of life.
- Divine mandates reveal that God’s game plan for the Church Age is residence and function inside GPS, coupled with the application of AGAPE love.
- The believer only has tactical advantage over the Cosmic System when he functions in AGAPE Love by means of GPS.
- While all believers are classified as Category One Overcomers, only those believers who consistently reside in GPS and function in AGAPE Love will be classified as Category Two Overcomers.
- Only Category Two believers will be winners of blessing and rewards in the eternal state, 1 Cor 3:10-15.
1 John 5:6-13, Christ is the Basis of Our Victory:
We now turn from the exhortation of our personal victory over the KOSMOS, because of Christ’s strategic victory of the angelic conflict and our non-meritorious faith, to verses six through thirteen, which strengthens the argument of Christ’s victory that has become our victory.
Remember that our faith in Christ has given us victory over Satan’s world system that is hostile to God. This is what Satan is trying to prevent, 2 Cor 4:3-4; Luke 8:5,12. When we believe in Christ, we are, “rescued from the domain of darkness, and He transferred us to the kingdom of His beloved Son”, Col 1:13. See also, Acts 26:18. Therefore, we are Category 1 Overcomers at the moment of Salvation.
As we read Verses 6-13, our initial state of entrance into victory is in view, as the proof of our Lord’s victory. In addition, the subsequent results for the believer are also emphasized.
As we noted, this initial positional victory does not guarantee our experiential victories, but it does now make possible our daily victories in Christ when we are obedient to His mandates. Likewise, His mandates are not unachievable “burdensome”, but are very achievable, “not burdensome”, because with the initial victory, we now have power to be victorious on a daily basis. The seed of victory is found in our new birth; now we need to live in that victory daily through the intake and application of God’s Word powered by the Filling of God the Holy Spirit.
1 John 5:6, “This is the One who came by water and blood, Jesus Christ; not with the water only, but with the water and with the blood.”
- What does it mean to come by water and blood?
- Why are they placed alongside the Spirit as witnesses?
- And how do inanimate things bear witness?
So, we begin this section with, “This is the One who came,” begins with HOUTOS for “this”, which is a Demonstrative, Pronominal, Adjective in the subject Nominative case.
The Demonstrative specifies or singles out the person or thing referred to. In other words, it is referring to the person of our victory as noted in Verse 5, “Jesus the Son of God,” who will also be noted later in this verse so there is no doubt.
Therefore, we are about to gain more information about the “warrior Savior”, i.e. “This One”.
Then we have ESTIN or EIMI for “is”, in the Present, Active, Indicative.
This is a Historical Present Tense: telling us of the past incarnation and First Advent of our Lord with the vividness of a present occurrence.
The Active Voice tells us our Lord Jesus Christ produced the action of the verb.
The Indicative Mood is declarative for the historical reality of the First Advent of the Lord. He is historically and today the Son of God, and we are about to be given further facts about Him.
Next, we have HO ERCHOMAI, generically meaning, “the to come”. The article HO is used like a personal pronoun, “the one”, and ERCHOMAI is in the Aorist, Active, Nominative Participle.
The Constative Aorist contemplates the First Advent in its entirety, but emphasizes the person and the work of Christ on the cross.
The Aorist gives us the past tense ending in English.
The Active Voice says that the Son of God produces the action.
A.T. Robertson states, “referring to the Incarnation as a definite historic event, the preexistent Son of God “sent from heaven to do God’s will” (Brooke).
So, we say, “who came”.
“By water and blood” begins with the Genitive of Means Preposition.
(A.T. Robertson states, DIA is used with the Genitive both as instrument [means] and accompaniment [agency], as in Gal 5:13). Marvin Vincent agrees.
Therefore, DIA means, “by means of” or “through.” Telling us how our Lord was able to achieve victory for us.
The how is told in the two-fold phrase “water and blood”, which is HUDOR KAI HAIMA.
So, in answering the question, “How did this One come?” The means and agency is by water and blood. Here we see the Constative Aorist Tense force of “who came”, as we are given the beginning and the end, “Water and Blood,” the full view of our Lord’s obedient sacrificial work.
Then, we have in the Subject Nominative IESOUS CHRISTOS for “Jesus Christ.” Notice that the name “Jesus” is first, followed by “Christ”, emphasizing His humanity, while also noting His Deity. Therefore, combined it is viewing in totality the Hypostatic Union with emphasis on His humanity.
IESOUS is from the Hebrew YEHOSHUA meaning, “the LORD (YEHOVAH) is salvation”, or the tetragrammaton YHVH. So, it is used as the name Jesus or Joshua, the name of the Messiah.
CHRISTOS is from the Greek word CHRIO and means, “the Anointed One, Messiah, Christ”.
So, we would translate this as, “Jesus Christ is the one who came by water and by blood.”
This is what John was pointing out. The person and work of the God / Man, Jesus Christ. Water and Blood were used to emphasize not only His saving work, but work performed by the God / Man in His humanity.
Vincent states, “Therefore “water and blood” are the media through which Jesus the Mediator worked, and which especially characterized the “coming”. Heb 9:12, “Christ being come… neither by the blood (οὐδ δι’ αἵματος) of goats and calves, but by His own blood (διὰ δὲ τοῦ ἰδίου αἵματος).”
Many different interpretations are used in describing what the water means. Most are in agreement with what the blood means. We will note them in reverse order, because more discussion relates to what the water represents.
The Blood & Water
As for the blood, all intelligent believers agree it represents the cross, the place of sacrifice that won the strategic victory of the Angelic Conflict, giving us our victory once and for all time. A few add that it represents one of the sacraments, the communion service, but that too points to the victory at the Cross. To symbolize the Eucharist is not likely, because it would be unique to find the single term “blood” standing for the Eucharist. Even in John 6 both flesh and blood are mentioned.
The Jewish Commentary of the New Testament (David H. Stern) states, “The blood, which is shorthand for Yeshua’s death, Rom 3:25, witnesses that he is the Son of God, Rom 5:9-11.”
Rom 3:25-26, “Whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood (death) through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed; 26for the demonstration, I say, of His righteousness at the present time, so that He would be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.” (Brackets mine)
Rom 5:9-11, “Much more then, having now been justified by His blood (death), we shall be saved from the wrath of God through Him. 10For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life. 11And not only this, but we also exult in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.” (Brackets mine)
Water Baptism: In line with the latter stated above, the first note is that the water represents another sacrament, water baptism. Given that our Lord was baptized, we too should have water baptism is the thought. In regards to our Lords water Baptism, they say the water indicates our Lord’s symbolic spiritual birth at His baptism by John.
Marvin Vincent states, “Others refer the words to the Christian sacraments. These, however, as Huther observes, are only the means for the appropriation of Christ’s atonement; whereas the subject here is the accomplishment of the atonement itself. HAIMA – blood, standing by itself, never signifies the Lord’s Supper in the New Testament. The true principle of interpretation appears to be laid down in the two canons of Düsterdieck. (1.) Water and blood must point both to some purely historical facts in the life of our Lord on earth, and to some still present witnesses for Christ. (2.) They must not be interpreted symbolically, but understood of something so real and powerful, as that by them God’s testimony is given to believers, and eternal life assured to them. Thus, the sacramental reference, though secondary, need not be excluded. Canon Westcott finds “an extension of the meaning” of water and blood in the following words: “Not in the water only, but in the water and in the blood,” followed by the reference to the present witness of the Spirit. He argues that the change of the prepositions (ἐν in, for διά by), the use of the article (τω) and the stress laid on actual experience (it is the Spirit that witnesseth), these, together with the fact that that which was spoken of in its unity (by water and blood) is now spoken of in its separate parts (in the water and in the blood)—“all show that St. John is speaking of a continuation of the first coming under some new but analogous form. The first proof of the Messiahship of Jesus lay in His complete historical fulfillment of Messiah’s work once for all, in bringing purification and salvation; that proof is continued in the experience of the Church in its two separate parts.” Thus, we are led to the ideas underlying the two sacraments. The subject opened by the word blood is too large for discussion within these limits. The student is referred to Dr. Patrick Fairbairn’s “Typology of Scripture; “Andrew Jukes, “The Law of the Offerings;” Professor William Milligan, “The Resurrection of our Lord,” note, p. 274 sqq.; Canon Westcott’s “Additional Note” on 1 John 1:7, in his “Commentary on John’s Epistles;” and Henry Clay Trumbull, “The Blood Covenant.”
A.T. Robertson, uses water as baptism in a different light. He uses it as: “proof” of the incarnation which previously occurred, Mat 3:17. Mat 3:17, “And behold, a voice out of the heavens said, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well-pleased.”” He states, “Accompanied by water (as at the baptism) and blood (as on the Cross). These two incidents in the Incarnation are singled out because at the baptism Jesus was formally set apart to his Messianic work by the coming of the Holy Spirit upon Him and by the Father’s audible witness, and because at the Cross his work reached its culmination (“It is finished,” Jesus said). There is thus a threefold witness to the fact of the Incarnation (the Spirit, the Father and the Cross), but he repeats the twofold witness (Father and Cross) before giving the third (Spirit). The repetition of both preposition (EN this time rather than DIA) and the article (TOI locative case) argues for two separate events with particular emphasis on the blood (“not only” OUK MONON, “but” ALL’) which the Gnostics made light of or even denied.” (Brackets mine.)
Charles Ryrie states, “the water refers to the inauguration of Christ’s earthly ministry at His baptism by John (Mark 1:9-11)”.
Although probable, this may lend ammunition to the Gnostic belief of Cerinthus, a chief foe of John’s in Ephesus who believed that Jesus was merely a man and that the divine Spirit of God (the Christ) descended on Him at Baptism and left Him at the cross. This teaching denies the full Deity of Christ in Hypostatic Union, and ultimately says that His death on the cross was that of a mere man and not a sacrifice offered up by the Son of God. That may be why John added the second half of Verse 6, “not with the water only but with the water and with the blood”.
Physical Birth. The water represents His physical birth, being born in humanity by the Virgin Mary. This would fit John’s discussion refuting the Docetic Gnostic belief that Jesus was not really true humanity and that the cross was just an illusion. John begins chapter four in this way, “every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh,” and concludes that argument here, (“This is the one who has come?”).
R.B. Thieme Jr. states, “The great issue which John faced historically at the close of the first century was the fact that the Gnostics denied the true humanity of Christ. Therefore, they said that the cross was an optical illusion, and they substituted for salvation through faith in Christ a system of philosophical speculations based upon neo-Platonism. John was writing polemically in that connection. Docetic Gnosticism, then, denied the true humanity of Christ and contended that the humanity of Christ was a phantom, the cross an optical illusion, and therefore the rejection of the entire orthodox system of salvation as presented in the Word of God. “By water and by blood” are literal and they refer in verse 6 to the fact of the First Advent of Christ with emphasis on the Cross. John emphasizes the fact that Jesus Christ, eternal Son of God, possessed a true body during the incarnation. Cf. John 19:34, where the issue is somatic death. This was the absolute proof that our Lord had died physically. John was pointing out that our Lord had a human body, that He was true humanity. He is refuting the great attack on Christianity which was Docetic Gnosticism rejecting the humanity of Christ.”
So, we have comparison to the two sides of Gnosticism, both of which are false doctrines.
Blood and Water of Jesus’ Side. Some of the church fathers linked the water and blood to the “blood and water” that came out of Jesus’ side when he was pierced by a spear, John 19:34. Here, we are also reminded of our Lord’s victory through the image of water and blood in John’s account of the Cross in John 19:34. At the piercing by the soldier, into our Lord’s side to determine if He was dead, we are told that “blood and water” gushed out. The essence of the Cross was not that water flowed, but that blood was shed. In fact, no other N.T. text mentions water in connection with the cross. Nevertheless, this piercing was a proof of our Lord’s humanity, His human death.
Alford justly remarks, “To deny all such allusion seems against probability. The apostle could hardly, both here and in that place, lay such evident stress on the water and the blood together, without having in his mind some link connecting this place and that.”
A.T. Robertson, though not adhering to this view states, “It is true that at the Cross both water and blood came out of the side of Jesus when pierced by the soldier, as John bore witness (John 19:34), a complete refutation of the Docetic denial of an actual human body for Jesus and of the Cerinthian distinction between Jesus and Christ.”
Symbolically Obedience and Sacrifice. Another interpretation says that water symbolically represents Christ’s willful obedience to the Father’s Plan. This view fits both scenarios stated above and refers back to Verses 1-3, where we are to “keep His mandates that are not burdensome.” Therefore, Christ is our obedient example. Without obedience to the Father’s Plan either by becoming a man via the virgin birth, or entering willfully into the three and a half-year ministry as demonstrated through His baptism, His like-kind perfect sacrifice would not be possible. Therefore, the water represents obedience and blood is propitiatory sacrifice on the Cross. Yet as stated previously, we are to take these witnesses as literal and note symbolic. Therefore, they are secondary at best.
Rev 12:11, “And they overcame him because of the blood of the Lamb and because of (obedience to) the word of their testimony, and they did not love their life even when faced with death.” (Brackets mine.)
The Tabernacle. Finally, we are reminded of the symbolism given to the believers of the Old Testament. It reminds us of the brazen altar (blood sacrifice) and the Laver (washing water) in the OT tabernacle. Not only was the judicial sacrifice necessary at the Altar but the washing away of sin at the Laver too. As Jesus was the fulfillment of the Law, both Laver and Altar are in view for the removal of our sins through His sacrifice.
To further emphasize the completed work of our Lord, John goes on to identify that “He is not just a man”, or that “just being in humanity was enough”. No, it was not enough to just become a man, He also had to suffer and die. That is what is caught up in the phrase “not with the water only, but with the water and with the blood”.
It begins with the Greek negative OUK for “not,” followed by EN TO HUDOR MONON, were MONON means, “merely, alone, or only”. So, it was not only by the water that our Lord was proved to be victorious giving us victory. No! There was more.
The more is found in the phrase, ALLA EN HO HUDOR KAI EN HO HAIMA. ALLA is a contrasting conjunction that means, ” but, rather, or on the contrary”. It is making a contrast between the HUDOR alone and HUDOR + HAIMA.
So, we will translate this, “but” for the addition in the equation, water plus blood equals victory.
A.T. Robertson states, “The repetition of both preposition (EN this time rather than DIA) and the article HO, argues for two separate events with particular emphasis on the blood (“not only” OUK MONON, “but” ALLA) which the Gnostics made light of or even denied.”
HUDOR and HAIMA, “water and blood” are both in the Instrumental Dative case. They are the instruments of our Lord’s victory, and the means by which we receive victory as well. He had to become a man and offer Himself to propitiate the Father. That gave Him victory. Therefore, He won the strategic victory of the Angelic Conflict in Hypostatic Union. Compare with Rev 1:5; 5:9; 7:14
We will translate the full verse as “This is the one, Jesus Christ, who came by water and by blood. Not by the water only, but by the water and by the blood.”
It’s not just X that gives you victory, but X + Y (humanity + sacrifice) = VICTORY
1 Cor 15:57, “Thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.”
Rom 8:37, “But in all these things we overwhelmingly conquer through Him who loved us.”
The first victory is given so that we can achieve the 2nd, Rom 6:3-13.
Rom 6:3-14, “Or do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus have been baptized into His death? 4Therefore we have been buried with Him through baptism into death, so that as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we too might walk in newness of life. 5For if we have become united with Him in the likeness of His death, certainly we shall also be in the likeness of His resurrection, 6knowing this, that our old self was crucified with Him, in order that our body of sin might be done away with, so that we would no longer be slaves to sin; 7for he who has died is freed from sin. 8Now if we have died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him, 9knowing that Christ, having been raised from the dead, is never to die again; death no longer is master over Him. 10For the death that He died, He died to sin once for all; but the life that He lives, He lives to God. 11Even so consider yourselves to be dead to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus. 12Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body so that you obey its lusts, 13and do not go on presenting the members of your body to sin as instruments of unrighteousness; but present yourselves to God as those alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness to God. 14For sin shall not be master over you, for you are not under law but under grace.”
We’ve noted several varying interpretations of the Water and Blood noted in Verse 6. All seem to have some merit, and we can take away lessons from each.
As we noted, the first potential representation is of the Church Age believer’s need to partake of two of the sacraments, water baptism and the Eucharist. I believe we can throw that one out, because it speaks to you and I, and what we need to do, rather than focusing on two pieces of evidence that Jesus was the Christ. Although we may memorialize that fact in the sacraments, at best it is highly symbolic and not a literal interpretation.
Yet another interpretation makes the water the Word of God here and in Verse 8. That is founded on Eph 5:26, “So that He might sanctify her, having cleansed her by the washing of water with the word.” Although this is a true symbolic representation of the mind of Christ, here John is proving the fact that Jesus was the Christ.
As we will see in Verse 8, the witness remains the same as in Verse 6, and we should not change the meaning of the analogy to fit our doctrinal principle.
The main point to be noted is that the “water and blood” represent two pieces of evidence that Jesus is the Christ to refute Gnosticism, and therefore, they represent the humanity of our Lord, and His efficacious work upon the Cross. To summarize the other variations, I have reordered them from least likely, to most likely in regards to John’s inspired writing.
Obedience and Sacrifice. Although highly meaningful and good application, this is too symbolic as witness evidence.
The Laver and Altar. Although highly representative, it is still too symbolic for evidence that our Lord was the God / Man who died for our sins.
Blood and Water from Jesus’ side, John 19:34. This is more representative of literal proof of His humanity while upon the cross, yet the words are reversed, and this occurs after His physical death. Therefore, the Cerinthian form of Gnosticism would still stand on the principle that Deity left Him at the Cross. This evidence doesn’t fully refute their falsehoods.
Our Lord’s Baptism and the Cross. This highly demonstrates Jesus as the Son of God, but again falls a little short in disproving Gnostic beliefs, where it is falsely thought that Jesus did not receive the divine spirit until His Baptism, evidenced by the descending dove, Mat 3:16-17; Mark 1:9-11; Luke 3:21-22. This interpretation leaves off the first 30 years of His life.
His Physical Birth and the Cross. Only this understanding proves the fact that from birth through death, Jesus was the Son of Man and the Son of God, the prophesized Messiah who was sacrificed for our sins. Compare Mat 1:20-23; 2:1-2,6, 11; Luke 1:28-35; 2:7-14, 17-18, 25-32; John 1:1-5, 9-14.
In addition, using the hermeneutic first mentioned principle, water is noted at the creation of the first Adam, humanity, in Gen 2:6-7.
Another point in this regard is found in John 3:4-6, when our Lord was speaking with Nicodemus in regards to “how can one be born again?” Our Lord replied in Verse 5-6, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. 6That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.” Here our Lord is clearly distinguishing between physical (fleshly) birth as “water” and spiritual birth as the “baptism (not of water) by the Spirit”.
If the interpretation in John 3 is that water represents our water baptism, then that would mean water baptism is a condition of our salvation without which we would not be saved. As we know, this is not supported in the rest of scripture. Salvation is by faith alone in Jesus Christ, Eph 2:8-9. Therefore, this can only represent water as our physical birth (fleshly). We are physically born into this world spiritually dead. Through our non-meritorious act of faith in Jesus Christ’s work upon the Cross for the forgiveness of our sins, we are saved. One of the forty things we receive at salvation is the spiritual baptism of God the Holy Spirit.
Eph 4:4-7, “There is one body and one Spirit, just as also you were called in one hope of your calling; 5one Lord, one faith, one baptism, 6one God and Father of all who is over all and through all and in all. 7But to each one of us grace was given according to the measure of Christ’s gift.”
So, the main point of all of this is the fact that there are three witnesses in proof that the Christ is the Man Jesus who is also the Son of God in Hypostatic Union as noted in Verses 7-8.
1 John 5:7-8, “For there are three that testify: 8the Spirit and the water and the blood; and the three are in agreement.”
Now this is one of the most messed up passages in scripture, because a variant was added to a rendition of the Vulgate translation that was originally a side note, which then became part of a later Greek manuscript. So, we have the Textus Receptus used for the KJV with additional readings. In fact, the variant goes back to Verse 6 and uses a different verse breakdown. In addition, some newer English translations break the verses up differently, even without the variant.
The KJV reads for Verses 6-8, “This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ; not by water only, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the Spirit is truth. 7For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. 8And there are three that bear witness in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one.”
The blue is what the NASB uses as Verse 7 and the italic is the added variant. It seems as though the interpreter had an interesting thought about the witnesses. That is, if there are three witnesses on earth, it must be mirrored in heaven as well. Therefore, we have the addition of the heavenly witnesses which represent the Trinity; The Father, Son (Word), and Holy Ghost. It is not a bad thought but is not found in the earliest Greek manuscripts.
Maybe he was trying to parallel the earthly witness interpretation of:
- The Holy Spirit.
- The Water being the Father’s witness because of His announcement, “This is My Son in whom I am is well pleased” and
- The blood representing Jesus’ efficacious work on the Cross.
Therefore, he would have as earthly witnesses; the Spirit, Father, and Son, in comparison to three heavenly witnesses; the Father, Son (Word), and Holy Ghost. Only the interpreter and God truly know!
Nevertheless, we have the more accurate translation of 1 John 5:7-8, “It is the Spirit who testifies (bears witness), because the Spirit is the truth. 8For there are three that testify (bear witness): the Spirit and the water and the blood; and the three are in agreement.”
In Verse 7 we have the introduction of a third party. It begins with the connective conjunction KAI for “and,” followed by HO PNEUMA for “the Spirit”, speaking of God the Holy Spirit.
This is followed by the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of EIMI for “is.” Indicating that God the Holy Spirit “is” doing something in particular. That “something” is noted in the next word, MARTUREO.
MARTUREO is the word for “testify or bear witness”. It is used in both Verses 7 & 8. In both cases, it is a Participle Verb in the Present Tense, Active Voice. and Nominative Case. In Verse 7, it is in the Neuter Singular – speaking of God the Holy Spirit, and in Verse 8 it is in the Masculine, Plural – speaking of multiple witnesses.
MARTUREO means, “to bear witness or testify.” Its root word is MARTUS that also means, “a witness in a legal, historical, or ethical sense.” This is where we get the word martyr. See Acts 22:20-Stephen; Rev 2:13-Antipas.
In the New Testament, it stands for a declaration or confirmation based on first-hand knowledge of the facts. In the John’s Epistles, it refers to testifying about the person and work of Christ in the First Advent. This is not just a witness or a confirmation of an historical fact of the incarnation, but the whole of the unique person of Christ in hypostatic union.
As a Progressive Present Particle, it speaks to ongoing or continuous action. In other words, even though this evidence was actually presented in the past, during His incarnation and death on the Cross, it remains for us today current, new, and living evidence.
The Active Voice in Verse 7, tells us that the Spirit is producing the action and in Verse 8 the Water, Blood, and Spirit are the ones currently and actively witnessing to all of mankind today.
So, we would say, “And the Spirit is testifying or witnessing (today).”
Next, we have the causal conjunction HOTI meaning, “because” with HO PNEUMA once again, meaning, “the Spirit.” This phrase is setting up the qualification for the Holy Spirit to be a credible witness.
The qualification is then noted. He is ALETHEIA, “the truth.” This is a condition that perpetually exists as noted by the Static Present, Active, Indicative of EIMI for “is.” The definite article HO is used in a generic sense. So, we have, “the Spirit is the truth”.
This is a reiteration of what our Lord said about the Spirit and His teaching ministry in John 15:26.
John 15:26, “When the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, that is the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify about Me.”
Therefore, we have, “And the Spirit is testifying or witnessing (today), because the Spirit is the truth.”
Just as our Lord is the truth, John 1:14; 14:6, so also is the Holy Spirit. This indicates the co-equal nature of the divine essence of God the Holy Spirit and God the Son, just as they are co-equal with the Father.
John 1:14, “And the Word (Jesus Christ) became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth.”
John 14:6, “Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me.””
Interestingly, this phrase regarding the Spirit as the truth also bears witness to our Lord’s Deity in comparing scripture with scripture. By this simple phrase, not only is our Lord’s humanity emphasized but His Deity is too. Here again we see Him in Hypostatic Union.
Going back to the Holy Spirit, He is qualified to be a witness “because He is the truth”. He is perfect and righteous and just in all things; therefore, He is qualified to testify.
In regards to “and the Spirit testifies,” this is what we call the Common Grace Ministry of God the Holy Spirit.
Common Grace is one of the two main ministries the Holy Spirit performs for mankind. It is the first of the two teaching ministries He is responsible for.
Under Common Grace, the Spirit is responsible for teaching the gospel to all of mankind. He is the one responsible for making the gospel understandable to the unbeliever. When a believer tells an unbeliever of the work of Christ for the forgiveness of their sins, it is the Spirit who acts as the unbeliever’s human spirit so that they can understand the message. When the unbeliever understands the message, they then must make a judgment or decision, to either accept or reject the information they have heard and understood.
The other side of the Spirit’s teaching ministry is in regards to the believer under what we call the Grace Apparatus for Perception (GAP). GAP is the Holy Spirit teaching the believer’s human spirit the Word of God – Bible Doctrine – that is presented to them by their right Pastor Teacher. Compare John 14:26; 16:8-14; 1 Cor 2:9-16; 1 John 2:27.
So, we see that the teaching ministry of God the Holy Spirit in Common Grace to the unbeliever continues after salvation, as the teaching ministry of the Holy Spirit to the believer called the Grace Apparatus for Perception (GAP).
Therefore, the evidence of Christ given to us, by the Spirit for our salvation, continues with the evidence of Christ’s life revealed to us after our salvation, so that we might have the renewing of our mind, Rom 12:2, and live in our Christ-like nature.
John 8:31-32, “So Jesus was saying to those Jews who had believed Him, “If you continue in My word, then you are truly disciples of Mine; 32and you will know the truth, and the truth will make you free.””
The Spirit is a qualified teacher in both cases because of His perfect divine nature; He is the truth, and He reveals the truth.
Then in Verse 8, we have the All-Star or Dream-Team lineup of witnesses. We have the three that are the testimony for mankind to know and believe for their personal salvation.
It begins with HOTI TREIS EIMI HO MATUREO, which means, “for since there are three that testify”.
This is followed by giving the All-Star or Dream Team lineup. PNEUMA, HUDOR, and HAIMA. So, we have the Spirit, Water, and Blood as the three star witnesses of the Person and Work of our Lord Jesus Christ.
The Spirit is our teacher, the Water tells of the Lord’s Humanity and impeccability, and the Blood tells of the Cross as the final witness.
Verse 8 is then completed with the phrase, “and the three are in agreement.” In the Greek, this is an interesting idiom, KAI HO TREIS EIS HO EIS EIMI.
HO TREIS is in the plural for “these three”.
EIS HO EIS has the Prepositional use for the first EIS and the Adjectival-Cardinal use for the second EIS, giving us the number one. So, we could say, “for the one.” This is a Greek idiom. In English, it means, “for the one thing” or “for the same purpose”. This is an idiom with two meanings. It means, “in agreement” or “for the same purpose.” Here it is used for “in agreement”.
Finally, we have the verb EIMI in the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Plural, for “are.” So, we would say, “and these three are in agreement.” This tells us of the unity and harmony of the three witnesses, each testifying with irrefutable evidence that Jesus Christ is the Son of Man and the Son of God, who died on the Cross for our Salvation, making all who believe in Him victorious.
The full translation for 1 John 5:6b-8 is, “And the Spirit is testifying (today), because the Spirit is the truth. 7For there are three that testify: 8the Spirit and the Water and the Blood, and these three are in agreement.”
R.B. Thieme Jr. states, “As in a courtroom, we have three legitimate testimonies given to us. This means that in our lifetime each one of us must make a judgment. We must decide the validity or the non-validity of these three witnesses. To reject the true testimony of these three witnesses is eternal condemnation; to accept the true testimony of these three witnesses is to have eternal life. We accept it by faith in Jesus Christ; we reject it by rejecting Jesus Christ as our savior.”
And when we accept it, we are made victorious.
This scene was played out between Pilate and our Lord in John 18:37.
John 18:37, “Therefore Pilate said to Him, “So You are a king?” Jesus answered, “You say correctly that I am a king. For this I have been born, and for this I have come into the world, to testify to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth hears My voice.””
So, with the introduction of the Holy Spirit in Verse 7, Verse 8 points to the fact of:
- Our Lord’s true humanity,
- His completed work on the Cross, and
- The Common Grace ministry of God Holy Spirit, as actively witnessing to us today that Jesus is the Christ.
These three are proof positive that salvation is found only through faith in the God / Man, Jesus Christ who gives victory to all who believe.
How then do these three bear witness?
It starts with the teaching ministry of the Holy Spirit. His ongoing witness in the heart of the believer is clear throughout 1 John. He teaches us of the reality of the Person and Work of Jesus Christ. Then, the Water and Blood underline the importance of the real historical nature, life, and death of Jesus.
Christians do not believe that salvation comes through actions that only took place in the realm of ideas or the spiritual world, as the Gnostics believe. Nor did Jesus come simply as a revealer of the truth, where his deeds were incidental. Rather, Jesus came to do something as a real man in space and time and history. He lived a real life, accomplished a real ministry, and died a real death. The markers of the water of His incarnation and the blood of His Cross point to this reality. To this the Spirit bears witness. To deny the reality of Jesus’ humanity and completed work on the Cross is to fly in the face of the empirical evidence and the teaching ministry of God the Holy Spirit, Mat 12:30-32.
John has now presented to us three witnesses in proof of the fact that the God Man Jesus Christ died on the Cross for the forgiveness of our sins, and through our faith we gain victory as demonstrated through our Lord’s resurrection. The Water, Blood, and Spirit are the evidence put forth to silence the Gnostic deceivers from Satan’s Cosmic System, 2 John 7, 10-11.
The last portion of Verse 8 leads into Verse 9.
Verse 8, “and these three are in agreement.” This tells us of the unity and harmony of the three witnesses, each testifying with irrefutable evidence that Jesus Christ is the Son of Man and the Son of God who died on the Cross for our Salvation, fashioning all who believe in Him victorious. Some translate this as the three having the same purpose. Their purpose is to validate the person and work of Jesus Christ.
As the evidence is presented, each witness has his own purpose. The purpose of the three witnesses is as follows:
The Prophetic Witness: The Water speaking of His physical birth as prophesized in the O.T., which anticipated the incarnation and saving work of the Christ on the Cross. Compare, Isa 7:14; 11:10; 53:1-12.
The Historical Witness: The Blood of Christ that links the Old Testament ritual of the Levitical offerings with their historical fulfillment on the Cross.
The Retrospective Witness: The Ministry of God the Holy Spirit in recalling accurately everything pertinent to the Incarnation and First Advent in the writing of the New Testament.
Then in 1 John 5:9, “If (and we do) we receive the testimony (MARTURIA) of men, the testimony (MARTURIA) of God is greater; for the testimony (MARTURIA) of God is this, that He has testified (MARTUREO) concerning His Son.”
This verse starts out with a 1st class conditional “if” statement, (if and we do) in regards to the type of testimony we will receive or accept, (Present, Active, Indicative, First Person, Plural of LAMBANO).
The supposition is “If we have received the evidence laid down by man as truth”, (i.e. evolution, works for salvation, spiritism, Gnosticism, etc.), “then” the evidence provided by God blows it away. That is, it supersedes it, 100 billion-fold, (the Comparative Nominative MEGAS).
“The testimony of God is greater” also emphasizes the essence of God, which is infinitely greater than the essence of man. God is omniscient and perfect in all aspects. His knowledge is not just infinite and eternal, all knowing, but it is perfect in all aspects. He is perfect righteousness, and He is perfect truth. God cannot lie. Man is just the opposite. Man is not perfect in all aspects and is fallible. He is not all knowing, perfectly righteous, or perfectly truthful. Therefore, any evidence that man portrays as the absolute truth is completely obliterated by the simple facts and evidence given by God as seen in our three perfect witnesses, (the Water, Blood and Spirit), each speaking from their own unique and independent perspective. Yet even though the evidence is highly superior, faith is still the issue for salvation.
As you can see, we have both the noun and verb forms for witness / testimony. Three times we have the noun MARTURIA. The first usage is the Direct Object Accusative Feminine Singular. The second is the Subject Nominative Feminine Singular, and the third is the Predicate Nominative for the assertive nature of the evidence from God.
Then we have the verb MARTUREO in the Aoristic Perfect, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular, in the phrase “He has borne witness concerning His Son”.
The Perfect Indicative describes an event that completed in the past has results existing in the present time.
The Aoristic Perfect Tense is for completed action of the three witnesses of the prosecution, God, with emphasis on the prophetic, historical, and retrospective reality of the evidence.
The Active Voice says that God the Father produces the action of the verb, making a permanent deposition regarding the Son through the three witnesses.
The Indicative Mood is declarative for the reality of God’s testimony through these unique and independent three witnesses.
The testimony of God was foretold in the Old Testament. There we see the future historical reality of His Son that was validated by the three witnesses, Isa 53:1-12 (Note the phrase – “Arm of the Lord”).
The evidence presented by God also adhered to His own just and righteous mandates. One witness is not enough, two gets you by, but three seals the deal! Compare Num 35:30; Deut 17:6; 19:15; Mat 18:16; Heb 10:28
Deut 19:15, “A single witness shall not rise up against a man on account of any iniquity or any sin which he has committed; on the evidence of two or three witnesses a matter shall be confirmed.”
Mat 18:16, “But if he does not listen to you, take one or two more with you, so that BY THE MOUTH OF TWO OR THREE WITNESSES EVERY FACT MAY BE CONFIRMED.”
Deut 17:6, “On the evidence of two witnesses or three witnesses, he who is to die shall be put to death; he shall not be put to death on the evidence of one witness.”
Putting Deut 17:6 in relationship to the believer, remember that we have “died to sin,” Rom 6:2, 10; therefore, death was just and righteous, as a result of the testimony of God’s three witnesses.
Rom 7:4, “Therefore, my brethren, you also were made to die to the Law (sin) through the body of Christ, so that you might be joined to another, to Him who was raised from the dead (Jesus Christ), in order that we might bear fruit for God, (win tactical victories).” Brackets mine.
Rom 6:4, “Therefore we have been buried with Him through baptism (indwelling of the Spirit) into death (i.e. we have died to sin), so that as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we too might walk in newness of life (VICTORY!).” (Brackets mine.)
At the moment we personally receive the evidence presented by God’s three witnesses as truth, we are condemned to death of the flesh, that is “we die to sin”. This death is necessary so that we can be given the new life in Christ, which is our eternal positional victory.
With death comes new life. With new life comes victory. With victory comes more victory.
On the other hand, if someone does not receive the evidence of God’s three witnesses as truth, they will not die to their sins and will remain alive in them, which ultimately means eternal death in the Lake of Fire.
Heb 10:28-29, “Anyone who has set aside (rejects) the Law of Moses dies without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. 29How much severer punishment do you think he will deserve who has trampled under foot the Son of God, and has regarded as unclean the blood of the covenant by which he (the unbeliever) was sanctified (unlimited atonement – their salvation was already provided), and has insulted the Spirit of grace? (The unpardonable sin, i.e. denied the evidence of the three witnesses)” (Brackets mine.)
We who believe, (received the evidence of the three witnesses as truth), have been given victory from the moment of our salvation. God’s greater witness provides us the victory. We must know this and realize it dogmatically. When we do, more tactical / experiential victories will come. Therefore, we who believe have been given victory from the moment of our salvation that should lead us to daily victories.
The following two examples demonstrate that our victories are entirely based on God’s provisions, (not our human resources), and therefore, we should walk in them, 2 Chr 32:1-23; 2 Kings 6:8-32.
2 Chr 32:1-23. This passage depicts the faith of King Hezekiah and the prophet Isaiah that brought them victory over the Assyrian’s and King Sennacherib.”
2 Chr 32:7, “Be strong and courageous, do not fear or be dismayed because of the king of Assyria nor because of all the horde that is with him; for the One with us is greater than the one with him.”
What does that passage remind you of? 1 John 4:4, 18!
1 John 4:4, “You are from God, little children, and have overcome them; because greater is He who is in you than he who is in the world.”
2 Chr 32:8a, “With him is only an arm of flesh (in contrast to Isa 53:1), but with us is the LORD our God to help us and to fight our battles.”
2 Chr 32:8b, “And the people relied on the words (Bible Doctrine) of Hezekiah king of Judah.”
We are also reminded of Rom 8:31, “What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who is against us?”
Then in 2 Kings 6:8-23, we have the account of Elisha and how he walked victoriously in Christ. His faith was so strong that he continually had a Relaxed Mental Attitude (RMA) in all situations.
Having his own faith and RMA, allowed him to witness to other believers the omnipotent provisions of God.
In this account, he is given the opportunity to reveal what he knows in faith (the invisible), to be visible so that a growing, yet weaker vessel will gain courage and faith.
2 Kings 6:16, “So he answered, “Do not fear, for those who are with us are more than those who are with them.””
Even though God is able to deploy His legions on our behalf, all that is needed is found in Him, (the Arm of the Lord – Isa 53:1).
This is the reality for every believer. Do you believe it?
As a side note, compare 2 Kings 6 Verse 23 with Rom 12:17-21, quoting Proverb 20:22 and 25:21-22.
Rom 12:17-21, “Never pay back evil for evil to anyone. Respect what is right in the sight of all men. 18If possible, so far as it depends on you, be at peace with all men. 19Never take your own revenge, beloved, but leave room for the wrath of God, for it is written, “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord. 20“But if your enemy is hungry, feed him, and if he is thirsty, give him a drink; for in so doing you will heap burning coals on his head.” 21Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.”
In 2 Kings 6:18 the Hebrew word for “blindness” is SANVER that means, “sudden blindness.” It is used here and in the account of Sodom and Gomorrah in Gen 19:11. It has the connotation of loss or distortion of vision resulting in mental confusion and bewilderment.
It is the mental state of those in apostasy, who consistently do not believe.
In contrast, the believer is to be thinking in terms of Bible Doctrine and standing firm in faith.
1 Peter 5:8-9, “Be of sober spirit, be on the alert. Your adversary, the devil, prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour. 9But resist him, firm in your faith, knowing that the same experiences of suffering are being accomplished by your brethren who are in the world.”
A righteous king who leads others to righteousness will be victorious in all righteous battles.
You are royalty in Christ! What are you doing with your royalty?
Read: 1 John 5:6-9
We have seen in Verses 6–9, the evidence presented by the prosecution, God the Father, in His iron clad case against Satan and sin. Set before us are three irrefutable witnesses who testify to the righteousness, justice, and love of all three members of the Trinity directed toward all members of the human race. This is the evidence of the Grace of God.
Submitted as State’s evidence number 1 – the Water of our Lord’s incarnation and impeccable humanity while in Hypostatic Union.
Submitted as State’s evidence number 2 – the Blood of our Lord’s propitiatory sacrifice for the forgiveness of our sins while upon the Cross of Calvary.
Submitted as State’s evidence number 3 – the Holy Spirit who under common grace communicates to all members of the human race the truth of the forgiveness of sin and eternal life for all who believe in Jesus Christ’s efficacious work upon the Cross of Calvary and subsequent resurrection to eternal life.
Each witness, though independent of the others, speaks to the same truth – that salvation is found in and through Jesus Christ alone, Verse 8.
The case presented by the prosecutor is far greater than any other witness or evidence presented by any other defendant, Verse 9a.
The evidence of the person and work of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ is the full and complete testimony presented by the Prosecutor (God the Father), to both man and angles, verse 9b.
Then we see in Verses 10-12 that we need to do something with all this evidence. We need to make a summary judgment for ourselves based on the facts presented.
In Verse 10, “The one who believes in the Son of God has the witness in himself,” tells us of the personal nature of the decision we need to make.
“Believes” is the Present, Active, Participle of PISTEUO which means, “to believe or to entrust.” It means, “to have faith in, upon, or with respect to a person or thing;” in this case the person of the Lord Jesus Christ and His work upon the Cross. The Participle is a temporal participle designating the moment when a person believes in Christ.
“Has the witness in himself” begins with the main verb of this sentence ECHO in the Present, Active, Indicative. It means, “to have and hold.” In other words, it becomes your possession. So, when someone believes…they gain something.
When you believe that this evidence personally affects you, the evidence then becomes yours, “in you”.
As Paul said in Romans 2:16; 16:25; and 2 Timothy 2:8, “my gospel.” He was not saying that salvation was based on him or his preaching. He was relating the interpersonal relationship of the Lord’s gospel with his own life. That is, “it became his”, just as it becomes yours at the moment of salvation.
So, what becomes your possession? “The witness” – the MATURIA. Getting a bit allegorical, we can say the ultimate martyr Himself – Jesus Christ.
Your faith in Jesus Christ results in Jesus Christ in you, which also gives you eternal life.
Col 1:27, “To whom God willed to make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory.”
Since the Holy Spirit is also part of the evidence, you also receive the Holy Spirit at the moment of your saving faith in Jesus Christ, 1 Cor 3:16.
At the same time, God washes you clean of all your sins and you were immediately, positionally without sin, impeccable and sanctified. Therefore, you also received the third witness the Water that washes you clean.
1 Cor 6:11, “But you were washed, but you were sanctified (water), but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ (BLOOD) and in the Spirit of our God (SPIRIT).”
Rev 7:14, “These are the ones who come out of the great tribulation, and they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.”
We are told that we receive this “in ourselves” from the Preposition EN and the Pronoun AUTOS in the Dative Case, Third Person, Singular.
The Third Person means that anyone can gain possession of eternal life (unlimited atonement), yet the Singular makes it a personal issue between you and God.
You’re not just another number in the bingo drum. You were personally thought of and given this new life in Christ.
So, we see that at the point of positive volition towards the witness of God (Water, Blood, and Spirit), the Common Grace of God was turned into Efficacious Grace, resulting in your eternal salvation.
Now there is one more result of receiving the deposition of God and having the witness in you. As we have seen, there are three witnesses: Water, Blood, and Spirit, which make up THE witness of God. Since God’s witness is now in you, interpersonally connected for all of eternity, what does that say about you?
It says that you too have now become part of the evidence God presents in the appeal trial of the Angelic Conflict. Therefore, you become the fourth witness.
Your positive volition towards God results in you being entered as a witness in the appeal trail of the Angelic Conflict. You then become a fourth witness. The three witnesses combine to be the witness of God that becomes your own personal possession at positive volition. The combination of God’s three, yet single witness in you becomes a fourth. Therefore, you become part of God’s deposition in the Angelic Conflict.
The evidence in you is God’s workings in your life. It is the confirmation of the fact that you possess eternal salvation, and that God will provide for you in time and eternity. It confirms that He has perfect security for time and eternal security forever.
Regardless of what you do post salvation, your salvation alone is proof positive of the righteousness and justice of God. From there your love for an invisible God is further evidence of His mercy and grace.
Continuing in 1 John 5:10-12, previously, we noted that the believer indwelt with the Holy Spirit and Son is the fourth witness. This result was based on the grace of God and your positive volition toward the testimony of God regarding His Son, the Lord Jesus Christ.
Being then the fourth witness, we have some responsibilities. As Paul stated:
Col 1:28-29, “We proclaim Him, admonishing every man and teaching every man with all wisdom, so that we may present every man complete in Christ. 29For this purpose also I labor, striving according to His power, which mightily works within me.”
This was not just the responsibility of the Apostles or Pastors; it was, and is, the responsibility of ALL believers as broken down in this verse:
- Proclaim Him.
- Admonishing every man.
- Teaching every man with all wisdom.
1.) Proclaiming Him is the delivery of the Salvation message to unbelievers.
2.) Admonishing every man is instructing the believer in Biblical terms, (not in your own terms), in regards to overcoming sin and the sin nature. 2 Cor 13:1-8
2 Cor 13:1-8, “This is the third time I am coming to you. EVERY FACT IS TO BE CONFIRMED BY THE TESTIMONY OF TWO OR THREE WITNESSES. 2I have previously said when present the second time, and though now absent I say in advance to those who have sinned in the past and to all the rest as well, that if I come again I will not spare anyone, 3since you are seeking for proof of the Christ who speaks in me, and who is not weak toward you, but mighty in you. 4For indeed He was crucified because of weakness, yet He lives because of the power of God. For we also are weak in Him, yet we will live with Him because of the power of God directed toward you. 5Test yourselves to see if you are in the faith; examine yourselves! Or do you not recognize this about yourselves, that Jesus Christ is in you—unless indeed you fail the test? 6But I trust that you will realize that we ourselves do not fail the test. 7Now we pray to God that you do no wrong; not that we ourselves may appear approved, but that you may do what is right, even though we may appear unapproved. 8For we can do nothing against the truth, but only for the truth.
3.) Teaching every man with all wisdom means
a) Being prepare by having the Word resident in your own soul, and
b) Instructing the believer in terms of general life application of the Word.
Back to Col 1:28-29, “…so that we may present every man complete in Christ. 29For this purpose also I labor, striving according to His power, which mightily works within me.”
The “purpose” of our responsibility as stated in Col 1:28-29 is to “present every man complete in Christ”.
2 Cor 13:9, “For we rejoice when we ourselves are weak but you are strong; this we also pray for, that you be made complete.”
“Be made complete” is the Greek noun KATARTISIS – καταρτισισ that means, “restoration, a training, education, discipline, preparing, an equipping, or made complete.” It is a compound word from KATA and ARTIZO that literally means, “according to preparation”. Its root meaning is, “to get ready, prepare, to complete.”
The power that Paul had in his teaching, (the Word and Spirit), is the same power in you today. You may not have the gift of teaching but that does not prevent or disqualify you from witnessing.
As witnesses for Christ, it is our responsibility to bring others to completion, that is, deliver the Gospel message to the unbeliever and also participate in bringing new or reversionistic believers to maturity. To do either, you first need to be assured where you stand in your faith, which is the topic of 1 John 5 as we have seen.
Now that brings us to the topic of, “what is necessary for someone to gain salvation,” which has been argued over the millennia and is still disputed today. It is important for you to know what is necessary, so that you can do the best job possible in bringing souls to Christ. As a foundation for this discussion, several groups within the Church over the centuries have developed several “Creeds of Faith” to answer the question, “what are the foundational teachings for salvation?” These creeds became the base line of faith in the early Church, not just for salvation but for a baseline of Christian beliefs.
We begin with the Apostles Creed. It’s named so not because it is a production of the apostles themselves, but because it contains a brief summary of their teachings. It sets forth their doctrine, as has been well said, “in sublime simplicity, in unsurpassable brevity, in beautiful order, and with liturgical solemnity.” In its present form, it is of no later date than the fourth century. More than any other creed of Christendom, it may justly be called an ecumenical symbol of faith.
The only emphasis we may add is in point 1, where we know Jesus Christ to be the creator of heaven and earth, Isa 40:28; Rom 1:25; 1 Peter 4:19; Rev 4:11. Nevertheless this creed gives honor to the Father in creation which is correct as He is the author and designer and head of the Trinity.
1) I believe in God the Father Almighty, maker of heaven and earth:
2) and in Jesus Christ His only Son, our LORD;
3) who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary,
4) suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; He descended into hades;
5) the third day He rose again from the dead;
6) He ascended into heaven, and sits at the right hand of God, the Father Almighty;
7) from there He shall come to judge the quick and the dead.
8) I believe in the Holy Spirit;
9) the holy catholic (the entire, whole, one body) Church; the communion of saints, (Brackets mine)
10) the forgiveness of sins;
11) the resurrection of the body,
12) and the life everlasting. Amen.
Then there is the Nicene Creed also called the Nicaeno-Constantinopolitan Creed. It is a statement of the orthodox faith of the early Christian Church, in opposition to certain heresies, especially Arianism. (Arianism is the doctrine of Arius, one of the Gnostics, that denied Jesus was of the same substance as God and holding instead that he was only the highest of created beings.) These heresies disturbed the Church during the fourth century, and concerned the doctrine of the Trinity and of the person of Christ. The Greek, or Eastern, and the Latin, or Western, Church held this Creed in honor, though with one important difference. The Western Church insisted on the inclusion of the phrase and the Son (known as the filioque) in the article on the procession of the Holy Spirit, which phrase to this day is rejected by the Eastern Church. Though in its present form, this Creed does not go back to the Council of Nicea (325 A.D.), nor to the Council of Constantinople (381 A.D.), as was erroneously held until recent times, it is in substance an accurate and majestic formulation of the Nicene faith.
“I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible.
And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father before all worlds; God of God,
Light of Light, very God of very God; begotten, not made, being of one substance with the Father, by whom all things were made.
Who, for us men and for our salvation, came down from heaven, and was incarnate by the Holy Spirit of the virgin Mary, and was made man; and was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate; He suffered and was buried; and the third day He rose again, according to the Scriptures; and ascended into heaven, and sits on the right hand of the Father; and He shall come again, with glory, to judge the living and the dead, whose kingdom shall have no end.
And I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord and Giver of life; who proceeds from the Father and the Son; who with the
Father and the Son together is worshipped and glorified; who spoke by the prophets.
And I believe one holy catholic and apostolic Church. I acknowledge one baptism (of the Holy Spirit, Eph 4:5) for the remission of sins; and I look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen.”
The only difference here is the same as in the Apostles Creed, in regards to Christ as the Creator, and the addition for clarification of the (Brackets) in regards to Baptism.
Another staple creed is called the Athanasian Creed, which focuses on the Trinity and faith in Jesus Christ. This Creed is named after Athanasius (293-373 A.D.), the champion of orthodoxy over against Arian attacks upon the doctrine of the Trinity. Although Athanasius did not write this Creed, and it is improperly named after him, the name persists because until the seventeenth century it was commonly ascribed to him. Another name for it is the Symbol Quicunque, this being its opening word in the Latin original. Its author is unknown, but in its present form, it probably does not date back farther than the sixth century. It is not from Greek Eastern, but from Latin Western origin, and is not recognized by the Greek Church today. Apart from the opening and closing sentences, this symbol consists of two parts, the first setting forth the orthodox doctrine of the Trinity (3-28), and the second dealing chiefly with the incarnation and the two natures doctrine (29-43). This Creed, though more explicit and advanced theologically than the Apostles’ and the Nicene Creeds, cannot be said to possess the simplicity, spontaneity, and majesty of these. For centuries, it has been the custom of the Roman and Anglican Churches to recite this Creed in public worship on certain solemn occasions.
We differ in points 1, 2, and 44, which allude to the loss of salvation if you ever doubt or reject these points after once believing in them. The Bible is clear that salvation is obtained through one act of true faith in the person and work of Jesus Christ, Eph 2:8-9. Also, there is disagreement with point 28 which seems to make faith in the Trinity a qualification for salvation which goes too far. We agree with the statements regarding the Trinity but that is not a qualification for salvation.
(1) Whosoever will be saved, before all things, it is necessary that he hold the catholic faith;
(2) Which faith except every one do keep whole and undefiled, without doubt he shall perish everlastingly.
(3) And the catholic faith is this: That we worship one God in Trinity, and Trinity in Unity;
(4) Neither confounding the persons, nor dividing the substance.
(5) For there is one person of the Father, another of the Son, and another of the Holy Spirit.
(6) But the Godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit is all one, the glory equal, the majesty co-eternal.
(7) Such as the Father is, such is the Son, and such is the Holy Spirit.
(8) The Father uncreate, the Son uncreate, and the Holy Spirit uncreate.
(9) The Father incomprehensible, the Son incomprehensible, the Holy Spirit incomprehensible.
(10) The Father eternal, the Son eternal, and the Holy Spirit eternal.
(11) And yet they are not three eternals, but one uncreated and one incomprehensible.
(13) So likewise the Father is almighty, the Son almighty, and the Holy Spirit almighty;
(14) And yet they are not three almighties, but one almighty.
(15) So the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Spirit is God;
(16) And yet they are not three Gods, but one God.
(17) So likewise the Father is Lord, the Son Lord, and the Holy Spirit Lord;
(18) The Son Lord,
(19) And the Holy Ghost Lord. And yet not Three Lords but One Lord. For, like as we are compelled by the to acknowledge every Person by Himself to be and Lord,
(20) So are we forbidden by the catholic religion to say: There are three Gods or three Lords.
(21) The Father is made of none, neither created nor begotten.
(22) The Son is of the Father alone; not made, nor created, but begotten.
(23) The Holy Spirit is of the Father and of the Son; neither made, nor created, nor begotten, but proceeding.
(24) So there is one Father, not three Fathers; one Son, not three Sons; one Holy Spirit, not three Holy Spirits.
(25) And in this Trinity none is afore, or after another; none is greater, or less than another.
(26) But the whole three persons are co-eternal, and co-equal.
(27) So that in all things, as aforesaid, the Unity in Trinity and the Trinity in Unity is to be worshipped.
(28) He therefore that will be saved must thus think of the Trinity.
(29) Furthermore is it necessary to everlasting salvation than he also believe rightly the incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ.
(30) For the right faith is that we believe and confess that our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is God and man.
(31) God of the substance of the Father, begotten before the worlds; and man of the substance of His mother, born in the world.
(32) Perfect God and perfect man, of a reasonable soul and human flesh subsisting.
(33) Equal to the Father as touching His Godhead, and inferior to the Father as touching His manhood.
(34) Who, although He is God and man, yet He is not two, but one Christ. (Hypostatic Union)
(35) One, not by conversion of the Godhead into flesh, but by taking of the manhood into God.
(36) One altogether, not by confusion of substance, but by unity of person.
(37) For as the reasonable soul and flesh is one man, so God and man is one Christ;
(38) Who suffered for our salvation, descended into hell, rose again the third day from the dead;
(39) He ascended into heaven, He sits on the right hand of the Father, God Almighty;
(40) From thence He shall come to judge the living and the dead.
(41) At whose coming all men shall rise again with their bodies;
(42) And shall give account of their own works.
(43) And they that have done good shall go into life everlasting, and they that have done evil (did not believe) into everlasting fire.
(44) This is the catholic faith, which except a man believe faithfully, he cannot be saved.
As stated above, the last point “believe faithfully,” to mean continually, is not Biblical.
We now turn to the second half of Verse 10 and see the consequences of not believing in the witness of God. 1 John 10b, “The one who does not believe God has made Him a liar, because he has not believed in the witness that God has borne concerning His Son.”
It begins with the Article HO as an Indefinite Pronoun and the Negative Particle ME with the Present tense, Active voice, Participle in the Subject Nominative case of PISTEUO meaning, “faith or believe.” This is followed by the Dative of Indirect Object HO THEOS for “the God.” “The God” is in reference to His witness, the object of their faith, verses saying that they do not believe in the existence of God the Father, although the two may go hand in hand.
This represents those within the human race who rejected the testimony of God the Father, which is the evidence of the three witnesses (Water, Blood, and Spirit), who all point to the saving work of the Lord Jesus Christ. It refers to those who reject the deposition of God, those who reject the gospel, or are negative at the point of God-consciousness. All unbelievers of the human race have rejected the deposition or testimony of God offered through the three witnesses.
Those who have accepted it have not only received the three witnesses but have become the fourth. The object of their faith is the testimony of God who has given them every opportunity to be saved.
Likewise, the object of disbelief is the witness of God. It has been presented yet rejected. Therefore, there is no such thing as a person arriving in eternity who has an excuse. Everyone has the opportunity for salvation.
Then we have the main verb phrase, “has made Him a liar,” which is POIEO PSEUSTES AUTOS.
POIEO is in the Perfect tense, Active voice, Indicative Mood, Third Person, Singular, meaning “to make, do or accomplish”.
The Intensive Perfect says that the action of rejecting Christ as their Savior is regarded as a completed action, with emphasis on the results of that action. When God’s deposition is rejected, that’s blasphemy. The blasphemy implies that God is a liar.
In addition, emphasis on the existing results is intensified in the Perfect Tense.
The Active Voice says that the unbeliever produces the action of the verb by rejecting God’s testimony, the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.
The Indicative Mood is declarative for a simple statement of fact. The rejection of Christ is tantamount to calling God a liar, which is blasphemy, the blasphemy of rejecting God’s testimony.
With this is the Accusative Singular Direct Object from the Intensive Pronoun AUTOS, translated as the Third Person Personal Pronoun “Him,” referring to God the Father.
This is followed by the Accusative Singular used as a Predicate Object, PSEUSTES for, “a liar.” Everyone who rejects the gospel calls God a liar, in other words, he has rejected His deposition through the three witnesses.
Next is the causal conjunction, HOTI for “because.”
Then we have OUK meaning, “absolutely not,” used with the Indicative of PISTEUO in the Perfect tense and Active voice. It is also in the Third Person, Singular, so we add the pronoun to continue the subject in view and say, “he has absolutely not believed”.
The Intensive Perfect denotes past completed action, emphasizing the present results of that action. Therefore, emphasis on the fact of this person’s unbelief is intensified.
The Active Voice states that the unbeliever produces the action which is rejecting God’s testimony concerning His Son.
The Indicative Mood is declarative for a statement of historical fact: people do reject Christ as Savior.
Then we are given the Accusative object of their disbelief with EIS HO MARTURIA for “in the witness / testimony”.
This is followed by the last phrase, “that God has borne concerning His Son,” which is HOS MATUREO HO THEOS PERI HO HUIOS AUTOS.
MATUREO is in the Perfect, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular which means, “to bear witness or testify”.
The Dramatic Perfect is the rhetorical use of the intensive perfect. It’s a statement of historical fact of a completed action in the past, in terms of the present time. God has testified to all concerning His Son and that testimony still stands as effective for today.
The Active Voice tells us God produces the action of the verb. He presents evidence / a deposition through three witnesses.
The Indicative Mood is declarative of the historical reality of the witness God has presented to all of mankind – His Son the Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ.
Translation: “Anyone who believes in the Son of God has the witness in himself. Anyone who does not believe God has made Him a liar because he has not believed in the witness (evidence) which God has testified (presented) concerning His Son.”
Before us is the black and white issue. You either believe in Jesus Christ as your Savior and receive eternal life, or reject Jesus Christ as you Savior and remain in your spiritually dead state. With the latter is the added insult of proclaiming God the Father to be a liar.
When someone rejects Christ, they are in essence saying God is a liar, which is a personal attack on the essence of God. God is veracity, which means all truthfulness, Deut 32:4; John 6:32; 14:6; 15:1; Heb 8:2; 1 John 5:20.
In fact, the person who rejects Christ is swapping the essence of God with the essence of Satan according to John 8:44, “You are of your father the devil, and you want to do the desires of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth because there is no truth in him. Whenever he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own nature, for he (Satan) is a liar and the father of lies.” Read John 8:31-59.
In fact, the one who rejects Jesus Christ is ultimately lying to themselves and is the real liar, thinking they do not need a Savior to overcome their sins, 1 John 2:22. They have neither positional nor experiential fellowship with Christ or the Father.
1 John 2:22-23a, “Who is the liar but the one who denies that Jesus is the Christ? This is the antichrist, the one who denies the Father and the Son. 23aWhoever denies the Son does not have the Father;” See again the loss of the witness in them.
Conversely, the believer has the witness in them, Verse 23b, “The one who confesses the Son has the Father also.”
As for the believer, he too can become a liar experientially by not obeying God’s mandates as found throughout scripture. He does not lose his positional fellowship, but he does lose his experiential fellowship. Therefore, John uses the Rebound Technique (1 John 1:9 – confession of your sins) as an example in 1 John 1:7-2:6. If the believer does not apply Bible doctrine in his life, he becomes a liar experientially, which means no fellowship with Christ experientially, until he confesses his sins. This is tantamount to saying that we believed on Him for our salvation, yet we do not need Him for our daily lives. When we do not confess our sins and/or do not apply His Word (Bible doctrine) in our lives, the believer is calling God a liar.
This is called “Willful Sin” and “Insulting the Holy Spirit” in Heb 10:26, 29.
John supplies another example of the believer who is disingenuous about their Christianity in 1 John 4:20, “If someone says, “I love God,” and hates his brother, he is a liar; for the one who does not love his brother whom he has seen, cannot love God whom he has not seen.”
Back in 1 John 5:10, the context is related to unbelievers who have rejected God’s witness, Jesus Christ, and as a result have made God the Father out to be a liar by claiming the false statement about man’s need for a Savior. That is, man does not need a Savior to overcome their sins. This is also called blaspheming the Holy Spirit, Mat 12:31-32.
Mat 12:31-32, “Therefore I say to you, any sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven people, but blasphemy against the Spirit shall not be forgiven. 32Whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man, it shall be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it shall not be forgiven him, either in this age or in the age to come.”
This sin is the rejection of Christ and His work on the Cross as communicated to man by God the Holy Spirit under the Spirit’s Common Grace Ministry.
It is the Holy Spirit’s job to communicate the Gospel of Jesus Christ, 1 Cor 2:11; Eph 1:13. It is not Jesus Christ’s responsibility to make His Gospel known to man. Since it is the responsibility of God the Holy Spirit, when someone rejects the gospel message, they are saying it is a false message, and are therefore calling the Holy Spirit a communicator of false information – a liar.
Calling the Holy Spirit a liar is a direct attack on His essence of veracity. An attack on the essence of God is saying He is not God, which is blaspheming.
That is why it is called blaspheming the Holy Spirit. It is saying that His witness is false, John 16:7-11.
Rejection of Jesus Christ is called “sin,” John 16:9. And this sin is also called the unpardonable Sin, because it is the one sin Jesus could not and did not die for on the Cross, John 3:18, 36.
Those who are under the unpardonable sin, consider the gospel foolishness, 1 Cor 1:18, 2:14. They are deceived within themselves regarding their life, sin, God, and Jesus’ atonement, 2 Thes 2:10-13.
1 Cor 1:18, “For the word of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God.”
1 Cor 2:14, “But a natural man does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him; and he cannot understand them, because they are spiritually appraised.”
2 Thes 2:10-12, “And with all the deception of wickedness for those who perish, because they did not receive the love of the truth so as to be saved. 11For this reason God will send upon them a deluding influence so that they will believe what is false, 12in order that they all may be judged who did not believe the truth, but took pleasure in wickedness.”
Not only is this called the “Unpardonable Sin” and “Blasphemy against the Holy Spirit” in Mat 12:31, but it is also called “Resisting the Holy Spirit” in Acts 7:51.
Acts 7:51, “You men who are stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears are always resisting the Holy Spirit; you are doing just as your fathers did.”
Therefore, John continues to remind us in this passage of the Grace, which we have been given and live in, so that we will not fall backwards into reversionism and be defeated in this life, but instead stand victorious in the knowledge of our Savior Jesus Christ and be the Royal Ambassador God has designed us to be.
1 John 5:11-13, “And the testimony is this, that God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. 12He who has the Son has the life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have the life. 13These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, so that you may know that you have eternal life.”
As we turn to Verse 11 of 1 John 5, we now have the main point of this chapter. Let us see how John builds his case on our behalf.
In Verses 1-3 John tells us that, “The one who believes Jesus is the Christ is born of God – Born Again – Saved.”
In Verses 4-5 John tells us that, “The one who believes Jesus is the Son of God is victorious positionally (for all time), so that we can be victorious experientially (while we are here on earth).”
In Verses 6-8 John tells us that, “there are three witnesses that unanimously confirm salvation in Christ, the Water (incarnation), Blood (cross) and the (Holy) Spirit.”
In Verses 9, John tells us that, “the three witnesses trump any human or angelic deposition, theory, or philosophy for life. It is God’s greater deposition concerning salvation that beats all others.”
In Verse 10 John tells us that, “The believer has God’s Plan of salvation in him; he is saved and becomes a fourth witness – (entered as evidence into the appeal trial of the Angelic Conflict).”
Now in Verses 11-13, we have the main point, that, “The believer should confidently walk in the knowledge of his Eternal Life given to him, as a result of faith in God’s witness, (Water, Blood, Spirit).”
1 John 5:11, “And the testimony is this, that God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son.”
Looking at the Greek of Verse 11, it once again uses the noun MATURIA [martyr] for “witness,” with EIMI for “is.”
In the Static Present Tense representing a condition, which perpetually exists.
Active Voice being God’s deposition, (the testimony of the three witnesses).
Plus the Indicative Mood declaring the reality of this deposition from God.
So, MATURIA our witness, deposition, or written testimony is the divine affidavit, God’s sworn statement in writing that affirms the incarnation and the Cross, communicated by the Spirit, which is the basis for our eternal and temporal security and what gives meaning and purpose to our lives.
Then we have the relative adjective “that,” which introduces God and a clause that summarizes the testimony of God.
Then we have the Aorist, Active, Indicative of the verb DIDOMI with THEOS for “God has given.”
The Culminative Aorist views the incarnation or the First Advent of Christ in its entirety, but it emphasizes the existing results: eternal life through faith in Christ.
The Active Voice tells us God the Father produces the action of the verb. He has provided a witness.
Then we note the Accusative Singular Direct Object from the Adjective AIONIOS, which is from AION that means, “age, continued duration, etc.” So AIONIOS comes to mean, “age long or eternal.” With this is the noun ZOE which means, “life.”
So, combine it means, “Eternal Life.”
We then have the object of “Eternal Life” with the Pronoun EGO in the Dative of Indirect Object, First Person, Plural for “us.” God has given “us,” the believer, Eternal Life. Therefore, this is also a Dative of Advantage for the believer.
Next is the connective conjunction KAI with HOUTOS ZOE EIMI EN AUTOS HO HUIOS for, “and this life is in His Son”.
“Is” is the Customary (Stative) Present Tense of EIMI for a circumstance which will always exist, continually, and therefore the word “eternal” can be included.
The Active Voice says that eternal life is the subject that produces the action.
The Indicative Mood is declarative for a dogmatic statement of doctrine.
Translation: “In fact, this is the witness that God has given to us eternal life, and this (eternal) life is in His Son.”
Doctrine of Eternal Life
John 3:16, “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.”
John 3:36, “He that believes on the Son has eternal life, but he who does not believe on the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.”
See also John 4:14; 5:24; 6:27, 40, 47, 54, 68; 10:28; 17:3; Acts 13:46-48; Rom 6:22-23; Gal 6:8; 1 Tim 1:16; Titus 1:3; 3:7; 1 John.
In this Dispensation only, God has provided Forty Things for the Believer at the Moment of Faith in Jesus Christ, which includes Eternal Life. Many of these are common for all Dispensations but all forty are unique for the Church Age believer.
These are all grace gifts from God at the moment of your salvation. You receive these Forty Things at the very moment you believe in Jesus Christ as your Savior, before you have had a chance to do anything in the Christian life! Therefore, you obviously receive these things by GRACE; you don’t earn or deserve them.
- Efficacious grace. (G t HS makes our faith effective for salvation)
- The sealing ministry of God the Holy Spirit.
- An Eternal Inheritance.
- Eternal life.
- The imputed righteousness of God.
- Resultant Justification.
- (barrier removed between God and Man by means of TLJC)
- Beneficiaries of Propitiation.
- Beneficiaries of Unlimited atonement.
- Beneficiaries of Redemption.
- The Baptism of the Holy Spirit.
- Created a new spiritual species.
- Entered into the Royal Family of God forever.
- Equal privilege and equal opportunity.
- Positional Sanctification.
- The asset of Election.
- The asset of Predestination.
- The universal Priesthood of the believer.
- The Royal Ambassadorship of the believer.
- The indwelling of God the Father.
- The indwelling of God the Son.
- The indwelling of God the Holy Spirit.
- The unique availability of divine power.
- The unique Pre-designed Protocol Plan of God.
- The filling of the Holy Spirit.
- The distribution of spiritual gifts.
- All judgment removed.
- Deliverance from the kingdom of Satan.
- Transferred into the kingdom of God.
- We are a gift from God the Father to God the Son (as Royal Family).
- We are delivered from the power of the Old Sin Nature.
- We are given access to God, (in prayer), Rom 5:2;
- All scar tissue is removed from the soul.
- Escrow blessings.
- We are on a secure foundation.
- We are related to God the Son by biblical analogy.
- Recipients of eternal security.
- Guaranteed a resurrection body forever.
- Beneficiaries of Problem Solving Devices.
Definition of Eternal Life:
Eternal – AIONIOS, means without beginning and end, never to cease; that which always has been and always will be; lasting for all time without beginning or end; unaffected by the passage of time; going on forever or recurring incessantly.
Life – ZOE, means the state of one who is possessed of vitality or is animate; real and genuine; the state of existence; active and vigorous; and the period during which something continues to function.
Thayer says of the believer, “God blessed in portion even in this world of those who put their trust in Christ, but after the resurrection to be consummated by new accessions (among them a more perfect body), and to last forever.”
So, you may ask the question, “If I was born physically on a certain date and time in history, how can I have Eternal life?” Likewise, you may ask, “If I was born again (spiritually) on a certain date and time, how can I have Eternal life?”
Well that type of thinking is more in line with Everlasting Life, which means a beginning without an end.
Everlasting is used in connection with the Resurrection Body in Dan 12:2, “Many of those who sleep in the dust of the ground will awake, these to everlasting (OLAM) life (CHAY), but the others to disgrace and everlasting contempt.” This is the only usage of “everlasting life” and is in regards to the establishment of Christ’s Millennial reign, which has a starting point.
But Eternal Life has no beginning or end. This is the life that God has given to us, seen in the numerous scriptures given above. The only way we understand this is by faith in the GRACE of God. In other words, God, who is eternal life, has given of His life to you and I, the believer in Jesus Christ. Even though we had a physical and spiritual beginning, God overwrote that, and has imputed His very own life to us. Therefore, we have Eternal Life, without beginning and without end.
In addition, this imputed Eternal Life given to us by the Grace of God, we have right now, today. We are not waiting for that life to begin in the eternal state. It is one of the 40 things given to us as the moment of our salvation.
Therefore, the unbeliever’s attitude toward Christ, along with God’s sovereign choice, determines whether he receives Eternal Life or not. The Greek word PISTEUO in the Present Tense means, you have Eternal Life the moment you believe, and you continue to have it.
So, the unbeliever is given Eternal Life the moment he believes in the Lord Jesus Christ as His personal Savior.
This Eternal Life is imputed to the human spirit, which is created for you by God the Holy Spirit at your regeneration.
There are Three Categories of Eternal Life. Each category of Eternal Life reveals a new aspect of God’s perfect integrity and sovereign Plan.
- For the believer who dies in time prior to the Rapture or Resurrection, there are three scenarios.
1.) The believer has Eternal Life while living on the earth, having both earthly (temporal life) and Eternal Life.
2.) The believer has Eternal Life after death while living in heaven and waiting for his resurrection body. This can be classified as having both interim life and Eternal Life.
3.) The believer has Eternal Life forever when he receives his resurrection body, which is resurrection life and Eternal Life.
- Those believers who in the Rapture generation who do not die physically have two scenarios of Eternal Life.
1.) Temporal life plus Eternal Life.
2.) Resurrection life plus Eternal Life.
- A Body for Each Stage of Eternal Life.
1.) Temporal life plus Eternal Life has the body of corruption with the Old Sin Nature.
2.) The interim life plus Eternal Life has the interim body which is recognizable and experiences no more pain, tears, sorrow, Old Sin Nature, or sickness, 2 Cor 5:8; Rev 21:4. The interim life and Eternal Life makes no distinction between winners and losers in the Christian life. It provides sublime happiness for every believer.
3.) Resurrection life plus Eternal Life has the resurrection body.
Therefore, Eternal Life exists in two or more categories of life. The person who does not die experiences two categories of Eternal Life; the person who does die experiences three categories of Eternal Life.
Eternal Life is Attainable Only in Time.
- Eternal life can only be received while a person lives on earth in his temporal life.
- You cannot obtain Eternal Life once you die as an unbeliever, Rev 20:12-21:2.
- Eternal life begins in time. 2 Cor 6:2 says: “For He says, “At the acceptable time I listened to you, and on the day of salvation I helped you.” Behold, now is “THE ACCEPTABLE TIME,” behold, now is “THE DAY OF SALVATION.”
You cannot get Eternal Life in eternity; you have to get it now.
Eternal Life belongs only to the believer.
The three categories of Eternal Life do not apply to the unbeliever, who is described by John 3:18. Therefore, Eternal Life belongs only to the believer who is never without a body. You always have a body with your Eternal Life.
Finally, from this Eternal Life comes the whole realm of human security. If God gave you Eternal Life at the point of salvation, He is going to take care of you during that interim before you reach eternity. He is deliberately keeping you alive on this earth for a purpose related to His own perfect Plan. Therefore, you have the basis, the groundwork for your security in time. It is based on the divine deposition of what you received at the point of eternal salvation.
1 Tim 6:12, “Fight the good fight of faith; take hold of the Eternal Life to which you were called, and you made the good confession in the presence of many witnesses.”
In Verse 12 we have, “He who has the Son has the life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have the life.”
It begins with article HO normally for “the,” but here it is a Relative Personal Pronoun linked with the Present, Active, Participle of ECHO meaning, “to have and to hold.”
ECHO is in the Extending from Past Present Tense, which means an action begun in the past continues in the present.
This is followed by the Accusative of HO HUIOS for “the Son.”
So, we say, “He who has the Son”.
This is speaking of the person who has believed in the Lord Jesus Christ as their Savior, and therefore, received His indwelling. This is one of the forty things we received at the moment of Salvation, John 14:20; 17:22-23, 26; Rom 8:10; Gal 2:20; Col 1:27; 1 John 2:24.
Col 1:27, “To whom God willed to make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory.”
Gal 2:20, “I have been crucified with Christ; and it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself up for me.”
Next, we have “has the life,” which is ECHO HO ZOE. Here ECHO is in the Present, Active, Indicative.
It is a Stative Customary Present, representing a condition which perpetually exists.
Linked with this the Accusative Singular Direct Object of the noun ZOE meaning, “life,” and the demonstrative article HO, referring back to “the eternal life” given to us by God the Father in Verse 11.
So, we say, “this life,” referring to our eternal life.
So, we have the believer’s perpetual existence, our eternal life, and by association our eternal security.
So, we say, “He who has the Son has this (eternal) life”.
2 Cor 13:4-6, “For indeed He was crucified because of weakness, yet He lives because of the power of God. For we also are weak in Him, yet we will live with Him because of the power of God directed toward you. 5Test yourselves to see if you are in the faith; examine yourselves! Or do you not recognize this about yourselves, that Jesus Christ is in you—unless indeed you fail the test? 6But I trust that you will realize that we ourselves do not fail the test.”
Having the Son, (i.e. believing in the Lord Jesus Christ with resultant indwelling), is the basis for all security in life. That is the topic that immediately follows this verse and concludes this book. It is our union with Christ that provides eternal security as well as temporal security. The moment we believed in Christ, we walked into the only security package that life has to offer. All true security begins with eternal life, and not with temporal life.
The second half of Verse 12 gives us the stark black and white picture, “he who does not have the Son of God does not have the life.”
The structure of this phrase is almost identical to the previous one, with the addition of two negatives, and further emphasis of whose Son we are talking about.
So, we have HO ME ECHO HO HUIOS HO THEOS, where THEOS is the Genitive of Relationship for “He who does not have the Son of God.” Son of God is the full title of our Lord Jesus Christ in relationship to His eternal royalty patent.
Jesus Christ has Three Royal Patents:
- The Son of God; the royalty of His Deity, by virtue of the fact that He is eternal and infinite God.
- The Son of Man; the royalty of His humanity as the son of David, by virtue of the Virgin Birth, Incarnation, and First Advent.
- The King of kings and Lord of lords; the royalty of His hypostatic union, by virtue of His strategic victory at the cross. “King of kings” gives Christ precedence over human rulers; “Lord of lords” gives Christ precedence over angelic rulers, Rev 19:16.
Then we have HO ZOE OUK ECHO, for “this life not have,” or as we would say in English, “does not have this life.”
Only those who believe in the Lord Jesus Christ have the indwelling of Jesus Christ and God’s grace gift of His eternal life imputed to them, with the result of their names remaining in the Book of Life, Phil 4:3; Rev 21:27. These have God’s eternal life abiding in them. Those who have rejected Christ do not have His eternal life abiding in them. If they remain that way throughout their entire lives then upon their physical death, their names will be blotted out of the Book of Life, Psa 69:28; Rev 3:5; 20:12-15 with Rev 13:8 and 17:8 (from the viewpoint of eternity past looking into eternity future). If that is the case, those not found in the Book of Life will suffer the Second Death, which is being thrown into the Eternal Lake of Fire, Rev 20:14-15.
The complete translation is, “He who has the Son has this (eternal) life. He who does not have the Son of God does not have this (eternal) life.”
There is no gray area with God. His righteousness and justice are exact and precise. You either have eternal life and eternal security, or you do not. The person who does not believe in Christ, cannot have eternal life; therefore, he cannot have either temporal or eternal security.
So, the issue is, do you believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God who became man (water) and died on the Cross for the forgiveness of you sins (Blood) as made understandable to you by God the Holy (Spirit), or do you reject God’s witness?
Clearly the promise is made that whosoever believes will have eternal life, compare Isa 28:16; John 3:14-18, 36; 6:35, 47; 11:25; 12:44-46; Acts 10:43; 16:31; 1 Peter 2:6; 1 John 5:5, 10.
John 11:25-26, “Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life; he who believes in Me will live even if he dies, 26and everyone who lives and believes in Me will never die. Do you believe this?””
1 Tim 1:16-17, “Yet for this reason I found mercy, so that in me as the foremost, Jesus Christ might demonstrate His perfect patience as an example for those who would believe in Him for eternal life. 17Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.”
As we have been noting, this information is given to the believer to remind him of his salvation, so that he will stand firm in the victory Christ won for him.
So, how is the victory gained? By believing in what God’s evidence shows us; the Person and work of Jesus Christ.
Now, this brings up another topic that is currently being debate within the “grace” community of Christians.
As you know, there has been debate for centuries between the “Free Grace” community and the “salvation by works” community, as to how salvation is attained.
The “Free Grace” community, which is what we are a part of, follows Eph 2:8-9, “For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; 9not as a result of works, so that no one may boast.”
This tells us that salvation is based on the completed work of Jesus Christ. Therefore, through your one-time non-meritorious act of faith, you are given salvation by means of the GRACE of God. This salvation is without cost on your part. It is the “free grace” gift of God, because God has done all the work and God provides our salvation when we simply believe.
The other crowd is the “works for salvation” crowd found in the religious / legalist community. They will tell you that salvation is based on the Cross of Jesus Christ PLUS some act(s) or works or deeds that you must perform in order to be saved. This includes the act of continuing to believe as long as you live on planet earth, being baptized with water, taking communion before you die, confessing your sins, being a really good person, etc. This says that salvation is based on Jesus Christ PLUS something else.
Anytime you add anything to salvation and the completed work of Jesus Christ, you are attacking the sovereignty, righteousness, justice, and love of God. You are attacking the integrity of God.
The subtle satanic lie behind that way of thinking is that it says the work of Jesus Christ was not sufficient, efficacious, complete, or enough for your salvation, and that you must do or be something in order to be saved. That is what the Pharisees thought and were teaching in Jesus’ time – a works for salvation based on the Law.
We can easily refute that way of thinking by comparing the various passages noted above in regards to receiving eternal life and Rom 3:21-30; 1 Thes 4:14; 1 John 2:2; 4:10.
1 Thes 4:14, “For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so God will bring with Him those who have fallen asleep in Jesus.”
So, that brings us to the current debate within the “Free Grace” community. Recently there have been a few who have proclaimed, “all that is necessary for your salvation is to believe in Jesus for eternal life”. They say that the only necessary content required for salvation is to believe in Christ and His promise of eternal life. (See Hodges “How to Lead a Person to Christ”, Journal of the Grace Evangelical Society, 2000-2001.) (See also Ken Neff, Bob Wilkin, “What is the Free Grace Gospel”, Grace in Focus, March/April 2009 Edition.)
Although this may sound ok to you, the subtlety there is that you do not have to have any knowledge of what Jesus Christ has literally done for you in regards to His Cross or Resurrection. You just believe in Him for eternal life.
They anchor their understanding in John 20:30-31 with John 3:16 and 6:47.
John 20:30-31, “Therefore many other signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; 31but these have been written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing you may have life in His name.”
John 6:47, “Truly, truly, I say to you, he who believes has eternal life.”
Clearly this is an over simplification of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. You cannot just believe that there was a person named Jesus Christ who walked the earth some time ago, and that by believing that He existed, you will receive eternal life.
Even John 20:30-31 tells us, “many other signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; 31but these have been written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God.”
“Many other signs” were given in confirmation that Jesus was God’s Son. In fact, the name Jesus, when understood, means, “Savior or Deliver,” and Christ means, “Messiah.”
So, right here we have the Water and Blood demonstrated.
And as Verse 31 says, “so that you may believe.”
Therefore, there was a lot of evidence given for people to absorb; that He was God, that He was a man; that He was the promised Deliverer, that He was the prophesized Messiah to take away their sins.
So, the view point that you only need to “believe the name of Jesus for eternal life” is far too narrow of a view of the Gospel. It discounts everything else that the Gospels tell us of His accomplishments for all of mankind. Remember the passages in which we are studying. They tell us of the Person and Work of Jesus Christ, Water and Blood, that leads to Eternal Life. So, there is more to it than just believing without any content in regards to the person of Jesus Christ.
I call this “Content Free Grace,” and do not believe that anyone is saved who only believes in this way, other than the ultra-grace of God working for those who come to God consciousness but never hear the name Jesus Christ. If the Holy Spirit brings the name of Jesus Christ into the life of the unbeliever, under common grace, they must have, (by the righteousness and justice of God), knowledge of His person and work in order to make a decision for salvation.
In fact, the Grace Evangelical Society’s (GES) logo tells their message “GES – John 3:16 – Believe Him for life.” Simple, but again “content free”.
Another passage they love to quote is Acts 16:30-31, when the Jailer asks Paul and Silas, “Sirs, what must I do to be saved? 31They said, “Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved, you and your household.””
If that were all we were given, we might agree with “Content Free Grace”, but it was not. Paul and Silas had been speaking of Christ and singing praises to Him all night long. Verse 25 says, “But about midnight Paul and Silas were praying and singing hymns of praise to God, and the prisoners were listening to them.” The Jailer was there too and received this same information. In addition, after asking his famous question in Verse 30, we see in Verse 32 that Paul and Silas taught his whole family more information about Christ that night, “And they spoke the word of the Lord to him together with all who were in his house.”
As a result of Paul and Silas’ “greater witness”, (1 John 5:9), that is, a greater volume of information, they then came to salvation through the non-meritorious act of faith in Verses 33 & 34, “And he took them that very hour of the night and washed their wounds, and immediately he was baptized, he and all his household. 34And he brought them into his house and set food before them, and rejoiced greatly, having believed in God with his whole household.” This occurred after receiving the greater volume of information, rather than just hearing, “believe that Jesus Christ gives you eternal life.” Some have called this a “Cross-less Gospel”.
Now, the debate has been fueled by others who are trying to place exactness on “what is necessary for salvation.” The “Crossless-Gospel” crowd calls them the “Legalistic-Gospel” crowd. In that camp of “Free Grace” there have come several laundry lists of what knowledge one must have and believe in order to be saved. These lists include as many as eight factors, such as: Christ’s Deity, Christ’s incarnation, His humanity, His death for our sins, His resurrection, it is a gift by faith alone, etc. This group also digs it’s heals in, in regards to believing in Christ’s resurrection as a must for someone to be saved.
I like what Pastor Robert Dean stated at the 2009 Chafer Seminary conference. He like, myself and many others, were saved at a very young age. He said, “I did not know the details about Christ’s resurrection at that time, but I did know that He was not dead.”
Unfortunately, I think both have missed the boat. “Crossless” is under emphasizing the importance of knowledge in regards to the gospel of Christ and “Legalistic” is trying too hard to define what it takes for salvation. Clearly some knowledge of the person and work of Jesus Christ is necessary for someone to be saved.
If we need to get to the basics of a definition, we only need to look as far as Genesis 3:21, “The LORD God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife, and clothed them.”
Clearly, the Man and Woman had sinned and were spiritually dead. Our Lord demonstrated His sacrifice as a covering for their sins. They received His covering of their sins in faith and were saved.
I love the quote from the late Lewis Sperry Chafer. He said, “The gospel message is telling something about Christ and His finished work.”
So, with the final phrase in Verse 12, we now move into the concept of security.
In 1 John 5:13 we have, “These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, so that you may know that you have eternal life.”
The KJV incorrectly adds, “and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God.”
The Greek more literally reads “These things I have written to you so that you may know that you have eternal life, those who believe in the name of the Son of God.”
We begin with HOUTOS as a Demonstrative Pronominal Adjective in the Plural for “these things.” It refers to the last 12 verse, as John also used this construction in 1 John 2:26 for the preceding verses there. These things were written so that those who believe would stand confidently before the Lord.
Then, we have the Aorist, Active, Indicative, First Person, Singular of GRAPHO that means, “to write.”
The Constative Aorist in the Indicative Mood emphasizes the action of John’s writing as a whole stressing its occurrence. “I have written”.
Then, we have the Dative of Address of SU in the Second Person Plural for “to you all.” followed by the Relative Pronoun use of the Article HO in the Plural Dative of Advantage.
Then, we have the Dative Participle PISTEUO in the Present, Active, Second Person, Plural for “to you all who believe.”
The Extending from Past Present Tense in the Participle is for a current position or station in life resulting from past action, believing in the past in the Son of God means you are considered a believer in the Present.
The Active Voice, the believer is producing the action of the verb.
So we could say, “to you believers”, but we will keep the added emphasis as noted above.
Then we have the object of their faith in the phrase, “EIS HO ONOMA HO HUIOS HO THEOS” for “in the name of the Son of God.” EIS HO ONONA is the Direct Object Accusative while HO HUIOS HO THEOS is in the Genitive of Possession.
So far we have, “These things I have written to you all who believe in the name of the Son of God.”
Next, we have HINA OIDA HOTI ZOE ECHO AIONIOS.
It starts with the Subordinating Conjunction of HINA for “so that or in order that,” followed by the Perfect, Active, Subjunctive, Second Person, Plural of OIDA which means, “to have seen or perceived, hence to know.”
Because OIDA is linked with HINA it is a Subjunctive of Purpose-Result that expresses the reason for John’s writing, and the result of the action that should be taken do to his writing. In other words, John has written this book so that you would stand confidently in the knowledge of your Eternal Life.
This is a Perfect Tense with a Present Force that means a past completed action results in a present state. In other words, you should know presently that you have eternal life, because of the information you believed in the past.
The Active Voice, the believer produces this action of knowing they have eternal life. It means to know with settled intuitive knowledge.
So, we say, “So that you all should know.”
We then have the Conjunction HOTI for “that,” and the verb ECHO in the Present, Active, Indicative, Second Person, Plural. ECHO means, “to have and to hold”; it’s a verb of possession.
The Customary Present Tense means you keep on having and holding eternal life, it’s an ongoing state. That is, living in your eternal life each and every day.
The Active Voice, the believer produces the action of knowing they have eternal life.
The Indicative Mood is declarative of the realty of the believer’s possession of eternal life.
So, we say, “You all keep on having and holding”
Finally, we have the Direct Object Accusative Singular of what the believer has and holds, AIONIOS ZOE for “eternal life.”
Our complete translation is, “These things I have written to you all who believe in the name of the Son of God, so that you all should know that you all keep on having and holding eternal life.”
In the context of the timeframe in which John writes this Epistle, we understand that the seceders (Gnostics) were claiming that eternal life was only found through their “higher teachings and knowledge.” But John sets it straight by reassuring the believer that eternal life is only gained through belief in the Person and Work (Water and Blood) of Jesus Christ who is the Son of God. This is knowledge they had in the past, which he exhorts them to hold onto; assured of their eternal life and not led astray in the deception of the antichrists.
John 5:24, “Truly, truly, I say to you, he who hears My word, and believes Him who sent Me, has eternal life, and does not come into judgment, but has passed out of death into life.”
Our assurance then must always stand on God’s testimony above everything else. Unfortunately, many believers think that a more stable assurance of their eternal life can be found in righteous living. But they are only deceiving themselves, 1 John 1:8.
Likewise, Christian assurance is not a matter of “working up” a religious emotion; it is simply a matter of taking God at His Word.
Both righteous living and emotions place human works on par with God’s infallible Word which is blasphemy, Acts 13:45.
By noting the principle of assurance and security here, John gives all generations of believers a new motivating virtue. In addition to your Personal Love for God the Father, the new motivating virtue is confidence in God the Father. Not that it replaces your Love for God as your motivational virtue, but it enhances it by means of your confidence in God. John emphasizes this confidence through the realization of Eternal Life, and thereby our eternal security.
Doctrine of Eternal Security
Eternal security is defined as an unbreakable relationship with the integrity of God, depending on the integrity of God. It is an unbreakable relationship, because God will not break the relationship regardless of what we do or fail to do. John 10:27-30.
John 10:27-30, “My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me; 28and I give eternal life to them, and they will never perish; and no one will snatch them out of My hand. 29My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand. 30I and the Father are one.”
God who provides eternal security also provides temporal security, so that all factors of security are in the hands of God for the believer who resides and functions inside God’s Power System. For the believer who resides in the Cosmic System there is eternal security, but there is no temporal security at all, because you are rejecting God’s logistical grace provisions.
Your Eternal Life was imputed at salvation, because the Holy Spirit regenerated you by creating in you a human spirit for the imputation of eternal life.
God cannot cancel that eternal life. When God gives, he does not take it back. He has given us His righteousness and His life, so that we are qualified to live with Him forever. This does not imply, however, that we will succeed as believers. Whether we fail or succeed in executing the Plan of God for the Church Age, whether we become invisible heroes or losers, depends entirely upon your volition and your attitude toward Bible doctrine.
Rom 5:1 2, “Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, 2through whom also we have obtained our introduction by faith into this grace in which we stand; and we exult in hope of the glory of God.”
Salvation through faith in Christ results in receiving one-half of divine integrity, the righteousness of God. The possession of the righteousness of God forever eliminates the possibility of losing salvation by any failure on your part. Your human righteousness breaks down, because you have an Old Sin Nature. But God’s righteousness will never let you down. You have it permanently and eternally. Therefore, you stand before God, not on the basis of your righteousness, but on the basis of His righteousness.
It is the epitome of human arrogance to assume you can do anything to cancel or abrogate your eternal salvation. The forty things received at the moment of faith in Christ cannot be canceled or nullified by any failure on your part after salvation. The integrity of God is infinitely greater than any failure of man, 2 Tim 2:11 13.
2 Tim 2:11-13, “It is a trustworthy statement: For if we died with Him, we will also live with Him; 12if we endure, we will also reign with Him; if we deny Him, He also will deny us; 13if we are faithless, He remains faithful, for He cannot deny Himself.”
John 3:16, “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten (humanity of Christ) Son (Deity of Christ), that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.”
Note that no conditions are added to “shall never perish.” All you have to do is believe in Jesus Christ; nothing is added to faith.
Eph 2:8-9. “For by grace you have been saved, in the past with the result that you stand saved forever, through faith, 9and this (salvation) is not from yourselves; it is a gift from God, not by works, lest any man should boast.”
Rom 8:38-39, “I have confidence that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, 39nor height, nor depth, nor any other created thing, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.”
The last prepositional phrase, “in Christ Jesus,” is technical for our union with Christ by the Baptism of the Holy Spirit. Because we are in union with Christ, nothing can separate us from our eternal salvation. We can never get out of union with Christ.
This is called positional sanctification. Therefore, every Church Age believer shares who and what Christ is. Jesus Christ is eternal life. Being in union with Him means:
- We share His life, 1 John 5:11 12.
- We share His divine righteousness, 2 Cor 5:21.
- We share the election of Christ, Eph 1:4.
- We share the destiny of Christ, Eph 1:5, 11.
- We share the heirship of Christ, Eph 1:5, 11, 14.
- We are accepted in Christ forever, Eph 1:7-8.
- We are sanctified in Christ, 1 Cor 1:2, 30.
Rom 8:31, “Therefore, to what conclusion are we forced? If God is for us, who is against us?”
The moment you believed, you should have known that God was for you, because He gave you forty things. Most people are against themselves if they don’t believe in eternal security.
Rom 8:32, “He (God the Father) who did not spare His own Son, but delivered Him over to judgment on behalf of us all, how shall He not also with Him freely give us all things?”
In one second of time, at your salvation, God gave you forty things. Therefore, God gives you much more than forty things. He did the greatest thing at salvation by not sparing His own Son, it follows logically (Afortiori) that He can do less than the greatest thereafter, that is give you eternal security.
Therefore, your capacity for blessing includes total awareness of security from the integrity of God. That is, you should be continually aware that you have eternal life and are secure in time. This awareness of eternal security from the integrity of God is also a part of your capacity for blessings in time and eternity from the justice of God.
You have two realities in life: eternal security and prosperity from the integrity of God. Eternal security is a reality that never changes; prosperity is a potential reality. Eternal security is not potential; it always exists. Eternal security is complete and total as of salvation. Reality of prosperity comes with maturity.
The believer who rejects the Doctrine of Eternal Security never attains maturity and does not receive his escrow blessings for time nor eternal rewards from the justice of God. But he still has eternal security, because he has not lost his salvation and will receive his resurrection body in the eternal state.
Therefore, instead of walking in fear, worry, or doubt about your eternal life that leads to loss of rewards, live confidently each and every day in the knowledge of your eternal life, and thereby your eternal security which leads to further blessings in time and eternity.
1 John 5:14-15, Confidence in the Spiritual Life – Prayer:
1 John 5:14 – Confidence in God with Prayer as the example for living the unique Spiritual Life.
Previously, in Verse 13, we noted God’s desire for our confidence to live the unique Spiritual Life by exhorting the believer to recall and rely upon the Eternal Life that God has given to him from the moment of his salvation. 1 John 5:13, “These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, so that you may know that you have eternal life.”
Now, in Verse 14-15, we see prayer as an example of the unique spiritual life for the Church Age believer, in which he is to have total and complete confidence in God. So, Verses 14-15 are a paragraph on the function of prayer as the manifestation of virtue confidence toward God.
As we noted in our weeknight studies on the Upper Room Discourse in John 14, we find ourselves on the exact same topic.
John 14:13-14, “Whatever you ask in My name, that will I do, so that the Father may be glorified in the Son. 14If you ask anything in My name, I will do it.”
There we noted that prayer is an extension of the spiritual life. You are not spiritual because you pray. You pray because you are spiritual.
It is used in both the Gospel and Epistle as an object lesson in regard to the spiritual life.
In the Gospel of John, the emphasis is on the Deity of Christ, being co-equal with the Father, in relation to our prayer life, which should give us confidence for our Spiritual Lives.
In the First Epistle of John, the emphasis is on the Plan of the Father for our Eternal Life, in relation to our prayer life, which should give us confidence in our Spiritual Lives.
Since this is our Sunday study, let’s begin with the exegesis of the First Epistle of John 5:14-15.
1 John 5:14, “And this is the confidence which we have before Him, that, if we ask anything according to His will, He hears us.”
“And this is” is the emphatic use of the coordinating conjunction KAI that means, “and, even, also, or infact,” as it is here. Then we have the Demonstrative Pronominal Adjective in the Nominative case of AUTOS for “this,” plus the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of EIMI, the verb “to be or is.” Therefore, “In fact this is” links the exhortation of “knowing” in Verse 13, with the “confidence” of Verse 14.
The Extending from Past Present of EIMI denotes what has occurred in the past through the realization of eternal security and continues into the present time through the function of prayer.
The Active Voice says, confidence as a virtue directed toward God produces the action of the verb. This confidence is manufactured inside God’s Power System (GPS).
The Indicative Mood is declarative of reality – knowing eternal security produces confidence in prayer.
Then, we have the article HO and the Predicate Nominative, Singular of PARRESIA for the word “confidence.”
PARRESIA comes from the PAS meaning, “all,” and RHESIS meaning, “speech.” So PARRESIA comes to mean, “freedom of speech, that is, confidence or boldness.” It can also mean, “openness or plainly.” Each of these definitions give us some understanding in regards to the context here of prayer. So ultimately, this is speaking of a motivating virtue, when it comes to our relationship with God as exercised through prayer.
Then, we have the Relative Pronominal Adjective in the Accusative case of HOS for “which;” therefore, we have the introduction of a relative clause.
With this is the Present, Active, Indicative, First Person, Plural of ECHO that means, “to have and to hold or to possess.”
The Progressive Present is for action in the state of persistence in the function of Spiritual Momentum through the Perception, Metabolization, and Application (PMA) of Bible Doctrine.
The Active Voice says that positive volition, living inside GPS, produces the action. The action manufactures the motivating virtue of confidence directed toward God.
The Indicative Mood is declarative for a simple statement of fact, we have and hold confidence in God in regards to our prayer life.
Since confidence is a motivating virtue directed toward God “we possess.”
Then, we have the Prepositional phrase PROS that means, “toward,” plus the Accusative of the Intensive Personal Pronoun in the Third Person Masculine Singular of AUTOS for “toward Him,” in reference to God the Father.
So far, we have, “In fact this is the confidence which we have toward Him.”
This brings us to the concept of lack of fear in life. We must have complete confidence in God to execute anything in the Spiritual Life. If we have fear, worry, or doubt about our relationship with God, we will accomplish nothing, and in context here, our prayers will not be answered outside of the overruling grace and will of God.
Then, we have the Relative Adjective HOTI for “that,” which qualifies the preceding phrase, “our confidence,” by introducing the subject of “prayer.” Therefore, we have an illustration of confidence as a motivating virtue toward God manufactured inside GPS in regard to our prayer life.
Next, we have the Protasis of a 3rd class condition in the conditional conjunction EAN for “if,” ( maybe you will and maybe you won’t). The protasis introduces a conditional premise, a potential premise of prayer. This is the volitional responsibility of the believer in executing God’s protocol plan.
That is followed by the Present, Middle, Subjunctive First Person, Plural of the verb AITEO. It means, “we ask,” and it has to do with the function of prayer.
The Customary Present Tense denotes what may be reasonably expected to occur; you should be asking God for things in life.
The Middle Voice is used here, and while the Active Voice emphasizes the action the middle voice in the Greek emphasizes the agent, the one who offers the prayer. The action is therefore related more intimately to the subject in the Middle Voice. In the Middle the subject acts with a view toward participating in the outcome, and therefore, it is a perfect use of the Indirect Middle in prayer. In other words, when you offer a prayer, you intend to participate in the answer to that prayer. This emphasizes the agent as producing the action.
The Subjunctive Mood works with the conjunction EAN for potentiality. Maybe you will offer prays to God or maybe you won’t.
In John 14:13 & 14, AITEO was in the Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, Second Person, Plural viewing the entirety of the action of prayer, while also placing contingency on the verb. Therefore, in both the Epistle and Gospel, we understand that Prayer is a volitional responsibility. You exercise positive volition towards God and His Word when you pray to Him. That in and of itself is saying, I have confidence in God. Otherwise, why bother praying, if you do not have confidence in Him. So, that tells the story of contingency; in positive volition, you are confident in God and offer Him your prayers. In negative volition, you are not confident in God and do not offer Him your prayers.
Then, we have the Indefinite Pronoun, Direct Object Accusative of TIS for “anything.” It is used to indicate a category, and an Indefinite Pronoun simply means a general category without naming people in the category. That’s why it is translated “anything.”
Then, there is something that is absolutely necessary for effectiveness in prayer. You must know the will of God, before you enter into a serious prayer life. You can only know the will of God through perception of Bible doctrine. The Preposition KATA, plus the Accusative of the noun THELMA, plus AUTOS in the Possessive Genitive is translated “according to His will,” speaking of God the Father.
Finally, we have the apodasis in the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of the verb AKOUO that means, “He hears.”
The Perfective Present Tense denotes the continuation of existing results. It refers to a fact which has come to be in the past, God hears our prayers in eternity past, but is emphasized as a present reality.
The Active Voice says God the Father produces the action as the one who answers prayer.
The Indicative Mood is declarative, representing the verbal idea from the viewpoint of reality, meaning that there are prayers answered every day, because believers ask according to the will of God.
With this is the Genitive Plural from the Personal Pronoun EGO for “us,” referencing believers who follow God’s Protocol Plan when praying. In other words, God hears prayer that follows the pattern of His game plan. We aren’t even in the game plan unless we know Bible doctrine. Knowing Bible doctrine means knowing the will of God, and knowing what is legitimate for prayer, and what is not.
This shows us the contrast between the believer and God. The believer, in Subjunctive possibility, offers prayers to God, while God, in Indicative reality, always hears our prayers offered according to His protocol plan.
So, our translation is, “In fact this is the confidence which we possess toward Him (God the Father), that, if we (maybe we will and maybe we won’t) ask anything according to His will, He hears us.”
Prayer is used here once again as an illustration of confidence to live the spiritual life, just as John had previously done in 1 John 3:21-22.
So, we understand from this object lesion that:
- Prayer minus virtue (confidence in God) is robbed of its power; just as the spiritual life minus virtue is robbed of its power.
- Prayer is dependent upon virtue (harmonious rapport with God in the spiritual life), including the power of the filling of the Holy Spirit, GPS.
- God is showing us His mandates for prayer, which means that there are mandates for living the Spiritual Life.
- Therefore, the will of God is not obscure, except to those believers who live and function outside of the Spiritual Life in perpetual carnality inside Satan’s Cosmic System.
- The will of God is the execution of the Spiritual Life of the Church Age believer, which includes His protocol for all aspects of that life, as demonstrated through the protocol for prayer.
- God heard our prayers in eternity past and answers our prayers in time; just as God had a Plan for your spiritual life in eternity past, which is being lived out in time.
Now, we turn to Verse 15, “And if we know that He hears us in whatever we ask, we know that we have the requests which we have asked from Him.”
In Verse 14, we learned “Virtue Dependence,” in regard to your prayers being heard.
In Verse 15, we learn “Virtue Dependence,” in regard to your prayers being answered.
God must first hear your prayers through His protocol Plan, before He can answer them through His righteousness and justice.
The Virtue Dependence of Prayer.
We begin again with the Intensive use of the Conjunction KAI, “and” that should be translated “in fact.”
Then we have another “if” clause with EAN used here to state exceptions. It is used to introduce the 3rd class condition, but here there is no subjunctive mood, and this is what is called an “exceptional pronoun.” In other words, it is a pronoun that states an exception, that is, “when” we do something, then something else happens. So EAN is used here to be a Temporal Pronoun to state an exception. The exception is “when we know, God actually hears us.”
That is noted in the Perfect, Active, Indicative, First Person Plural of OIDA meaning, “we know.”
The Perfect with a Present Force denotes action that slides over to results. The act of knowing, results in knowing. This is what habitually occurs when believers reside and function inside GPS, learn Bible doctrine, and therefore have an effective prayer life.
The Active Voice says the believer produces the action of knowing.
The Indicative Mood is declarative for the reality of confidence toward God, as the virtue for the function of prayer.
Next, we have the Conjunction HOTI used after verbs of knowledge to indicate the content of the believer’s cognizance. It is correctly translated “that.”
Then, we have the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of AKOUO again for “He hears.”
This time it is the Gnomic Present Tense as a timeless general fact of occurrence.
The Active Voice says God produces the action by hearing our prayers. It is actually the omniscience of God producing the action in eternity past and answering it in time, when the prayer is offered.
The Indicative Mood is declarative for the reality of virtue dependence, in the function of prayer, with the reality that God hears them.
With this is, once again, the Genitive Plural from EGO translated “us.”
Next, we have the Accusative Neuter Singular from the relative pronoun HOS for “whatever,” and the second exceptional use of EAN, this time translated “might.”
Then, we also have, once more, the Present, Middle, Subjunctive, First Person, Plural of the verb AITEO for “we ask.”
The Extending from Past Present denotes what has begun in the past and continues into the present time. So, it is rendered accurately from the present tense in the Greek to the English perfect tense.
The Middle Voice is the dynamic middle; it emphasizes the part taken by the subject in the action of the verb. The subject not only offers the prayer, but the offered prayer is from inside GPS, it is therefore virtue dependent, and it is answered.
The Subjunctive Mood is a potential subjunctive, because prayer offered inside GPS after cognizance of Bible doctrine is rare, and you may or may not be praying according to God’s Protocol Plan.
So, we have, “whatever we might have asked.”
Then, we have “we know” which again is OIDA in the Perfect, Active, Indicative, First Person, Plural, plus HOTI for “we know that.”
Next, is “we have,” which is the Present, Active, Indicative, First Person, Plural of ECHO meaning, “to have and to hold or possess”.
The Stative Customary Present represents a perpetual pattern for effective prayer; confidence that our prayers will be answered.
The Active Voice says the believer who is effective in prayer is residing inside GPS, and their prayers are answered.
The Indicative Mood is for dogmatic reality of our prayers being answered by the integrity of God.
So, we can say, “we have or we possess the answer to”.
Next is “the request” in the Accusative Plural Direct Object from the article HO and the noun AITEMA, which is from our word AITEO, and used here for “the prayer requests.” This is the virtue of confidence in prayer directed toward God. There is no virtue in prayer except for the believer who is cognizant of doctrine, which requires his residence and function inside GPS. So, we have “the prayers requested”
Finally, we have HOS AITEO APO AUTOS, that is a relative clause beginning with the Accusative Neuter Plural of HOS meaning, “which,” and the Perfect, Active, Indicative, First Person, Plural of AITEO for “we have asked.”
The Intensive Perfect Tense says there is completed action with emphasis on the finished results of that action, which is the Greek method for presenting a fact, a strong way of saying that a thing is.
The Active Voice says believers residing and functioning in GPS produce the action.
The Declarative Indicative Mood is for the reality of the effectiveness of virtue dependent prayer that results in those prayers being answered.
The final two words are the Genitive Preposition APO plus the Genitive of Source from the Intensive Pronoun in the Third Person, Singular of AUTOS for “from Him,” in reference to God the Father who answers our prayers.
Translation: “In fact, when we know that He (God the Father) hears us in whatever we might have asked, we know that we possess the answer to the prayers requested, which we have asked from Him.”
Mark 11:24, “Therefore I say to you, all things for which you pray and ask, believe that you have received them, and they will be granted you.”
Heb 10:35-36, “Therefore, do not throw away your confidence, which has a great reward. 36For you have need of endurance, (persistence in perception, cognition, and inculcation of doctrine), so that when you have done the will of God, you may receive what was promised.”
10 Principles of Prayer
- The protocol for our prayers is that they must be offered:
1.) To God the Father only,
2.) In the name of the Son,
3.) In the power of the filling of the Holy Spirit,
4.) According to the will of God,
5.) With complete faith / confidence in God to hear and answer your prayers.
6.) Not in repetitive and meaningless words or chants.
John 14:13-14; 1 John 5:14-15; Mat 6:7-9; Heb 4:16
- The mechanics of effective prayer includes: 1 Kings 18:42-46
1.) Pray in private, Mat 6:6
2.) Have humility of soul,
3.) Be specific and precise,
4.) Be persistent, until God answers yes or no,
5.) Be expectant, ready to move when the answer comes.
- Prayer effectiveness increases as Bible doctrine becomes resident in your soul. It is based upon the consistent function of GAP and the resultant doctrine in the soul. This includes putting on the full armor from God, as you grow toward Spiritual Maturity, and construct the altar of Bible doctrine in the soul, John 15:7; Eph 3:14-19; 6:10-19; Heb 13:10, 15; James 5:16b.
John 15:7, “If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you.”
- Prayer is an extension of the Faith-Rest Technique. It is a soul exhale toward God, Mat 21:21-22. The function of the Faith-Rest Technique demands for its fuel to be the intake of doctrine on a daily basis.
Mat 21:22, “And all things you ask in prayer, believing, you will receive.”
- Prayer demands cognizance of the Will of God and therefore demands maximum doctrine in the soul, 1 John 5:14.
- Generally prayer must be offered under the filling of the Spirit, Eph 6:18. The exception is the confession of your sins, rebound prayer of 1 John 1:9.
Eph 6:18, “With all prayer and petition pray at all times in the Spirit, and with this in view, be on the alert with all perseverance and petition for all the saints.”
- Mental attitude sins resulting from both carnality, and reversionism destroys any possibility of an effective prayer life, Psa 66:18; 1 Peter 3:7.
Psa 66:18, “If I regard wickedness in my heart, the Lord will not hear.”
- Efficacious prayer exists to the extent that the believer is grace oriented. Therefore, prayer begins to be effective when the believer has constructed the first floor of the Edification Complex of the Soul (ECS), (Doctrinal Orientation), Heb 4:16.
Heb 4:16, “Therefore let us draw near with confidence to the throne of grace, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.”
- God’s eternal decrees took cognizance of all prayer in time and incorporated the answers before history began. Before there was any human history, all of the prayers that would ever be uttered in human history were known to God through His omniscience, and as a part of His Divine decrees, they were incorporated into history long before history existed, Isa 65:24; Jer 33:3; Mat 6:8.
Jer 33:3, “Call to Me and I will answer you, and I will tell you great and mighty things, which you do not know.”
Mat 6:8, “So do not be like them; for your Father knows what you need before you ask Him.”
- Prayer effectiveness reaches its zenith at the time of supergrace status, and from then on if the believer holds the high ground, he will become a great prayer warrior, Psa 116:1-2.
Psa 116:1-2, “I love the LORD, because He hears my voice and my supplications. 2Because He has inclined His ear to me, therefore I shall call upon Him as long as I live.”
And finally, James 5:16b tells us that, “The effective prayer of a righteous man can accomplish much.”
Nine Reasons for Negative-Negative response to Your Prayers.
- Carnality or reversionism or both, causes failure to be filled with the Spirit. Failure to be filled with the Spirit means failure in prayer, Eph 6:18.
- Mental attitude sins caused by either carnality or reversionism hinder prayer, Psa 66:18.
- The specific Satanic sin of pride and resultant self-righteousness. This is not just the mental attitude sin but what comes from it. Job 35:12-13 says this person is dead when it comes to prayer.
Job 35:12, “There they cry out, but He does not answer because of the pride of evil men. Surely God will not listen to an empty cry, nor will the Almighty regard it.”
- Lust type selfishness, James 4:2-4.
- The malfunction of Faith-Rest, Mark 11:24. This also means negative volition, toward God’s Word.
- A general lack of obedience or a lack of subordination to divinely constituted authority, 1 John 3:22.
- Insubordination to the known will of God, 1 John 5:14.
- Malfunction of marriage. Lack of domestic tranquility, 1 Peter 3:7.
1 Peter 3:7, “You husbands in the same way, live with your wives in an understanding way, as with someone weaker, since she is a woman; and show her honor as a fellow heir of the grace of life, so that your prayers will not be hindered.”
1.) Note that when there is a domestic problem, the husband is not commanded to love (as he is elsewhere in Scripture, where no problem exists), but he is commanded to live with His wife on the basis of knowledge, that is, knowledge of pertinent doctrine.
2.) Failure in your marital life spills over into failure in your prayer life. Failure in your prayer life simply reflects failure in your spiritual life.
3.) Believers in marriage need to pray for each other.
1 Pet 4:7 8, “The end of all things (the Rapture) has drawn near; therefore, be of sound mind and exercise self-restraint for the purpose of prayer. Above all, keep on having earnest love for each other, because love covers a multitude of sins.” The least you can do is have virtue love within your own family.
- Reversionistic lack of compassion and grace orientation, Prov 21:13.
Prov 21:13, “He who shuts his ear to the cry of the poor will also cry himself and not be answered.”
Psalm 72:12, “For he will deliver the needy when he cries for help, the afflicted also, and him who has no helper.”
1 John 5:16-17, Sin and Prayer:
1 John 5:16a, “If anyone sees his brother committing a sin not leading to death, he shall ask and God will for him give life to those who commit sin not leading to death….”
In wrapping up his statements on prayer, John brings up one more issue which is what we call “the virtue limitations of prayer”. This means that we must exercise virtue inside our prayer life, and know when to pray for something, and when not to pray for something. This is in line with what we have been noting about praying according to the will of God, Verse 14.
Therefore, John gives us a clear example of virtue prayer in Verse 16. He uses the example of witnessing a fellow believer sinning.
“If anyone sees,” begins with the third class conditional conjunction EAN for “if,” which introduces the protasis, “if (and maybe you will or maybe you will not)”. This anticipates that such a situation does not occur every day, but when it does the following is the pertinent doctrine which must be applied.
Then, we have the subject as a Pronominal Indefinite Adjective in the Nominative, Masculine, Singular of TIS which means, “a certain one, someone,” or “anyone.” Here it is used to express a category, and it is a general reference to “all believers.” It is specifically referencing believers who witness other believers entering into sin, as noted by the following word ADELPHOS.
Next, we have the verb for the witnessing, “sees,” which is HORAO in the Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, Third Person, Singular translated, “has seen.” The subjunctive mood with the conjunction EAN gives us our third class if.
The Culminative Aorist views the event in its entirety, but regards it from the viewpoint of its existing results, the modus operandi of prayer for the believer.
The Active Voice says a believer who is in the process of making intercession for another believer produces the action of witnessing a fellow believer sinning.
The Subjunctive Mood again is for potential and is qualified by the element of contingency, by the fact that you may or may not ever see someone commit a sin.
Then, we have “his brother,” which in the Greek is HO ADELPHOS AUTOS.
HO ADELPHOS are in the Direct Object Accusative case meaning, “the brother” referring to a fellow believer, while AUTOS is in the Genitive of Relationship case, Third Person, Singular meaning, “his.” Combined we say, “his brother.” As we noted previously, we are talking about believers witnessing fellow believers, as John uses the term “brother” for Christian fellowship.
This is not referring at all to unbelievers, because the only issue in the case of an unbeliever is the gospel. So, this is not dealing with an unbeliever.
Then, we have the description of what one believer witnesses his fellow believer doing, “committing sin.” Here we have a double emphasis of the Greek. We have HAMARTANO HAMARTIA.
HAMARTANO is a Verb Participle in the Present, Active, Accusative, Masculine, Singular. It is an actionable verb meaning, “to miss the mark” that comes to mean, “to do wrong or sin.” It is a reference to not being obedient to God’s Divine mandates, that is sinning.
The Perfective Present Tense is for a fact which has come to be in the past but is emphasized as a present reality.
The Active Voice says the believer who potentially will offer an intercession produces the action. He has seen someone commit a sin.
The Participle is circumstantial, but the Present Participle always has coterminous action with the main verb, “has seen” or “observed,” and that means that you saw it and might be tempted to gossip or malign or stick your nose in, to interfere.
All of those things are wrong, but you do have an option; prayer. But the option only exists under certain circumstances, provided it is not “sin leading to death” or what we call “Sin Unto Death.”
Therefore, you have to know what a believer’s Sin Unto Death is, which only comes through personal spiritual maturity, in order to have humble righteous discernment.
Once again, this is not talking about the unbeliever. The unbeliever doesn’t have a Sin Unto Death. They only have the unpardonable sin of unbelief, Mat 12:31; Acts 7:51; Heb 10:26, 29. Therefore, this is for believers only, and it has nothing to do with loss of salvation.
1 Cor 11:30 speaks to the “Sin Unto Death (SUD)” for the believer, but it is not some “unpardonable sin” that a believer unwittingly falls into. The SUD is a prolonged reversionistic life style and deliberate sinning in defiance of the Word of God, Heb 12:9, something that other believers can see and recognize as rebellion. As another example of this, Jeremiah was told not to pray for the rebellious Jews, Jer 7:16; 11:14; 14:11; and see Ezek 14:14, 20.
Then, we have HAMARTIA, the Noun in the Accusative case, Feminine, Singular that simply means “sin.” This is the actual offense committed by the believer that is observed by another believer.
Literally, we have thus far, “If anyone sees his brother sin a sin,” but we translate it as, “If anyone has seen his fellow believer missing the mark in sin”.
- If you observe a fellow believer’s sin, then you don’t gossip or malign or judge; you pray for them.
- It is one thing to see someone fail or to sin, and it is something else to do the right thing about it.
- The right thing is not to gossip, malign, judge, or take revenge; that interferes with their priesthood. The right thing is prayer, except in one case, as we will see.
- The believer who has observed someone in failure, and is therefore going to keep his mouth shut, recognizes the privacy of his priesthood, but wants to also be helpful. So, the right thing to do is pray about the issue turning it over to God.
- This is speaking to the one on one situation. It is not addressing open sinning that has a detrimental effect on a church / local assembly. There are instructions on dealing with those issues, just as there is instruction on when it is appropriate to rebuke and exhort a fellow believer.
- All of these principles are part of the Royal Family Honor Code, where we are to apply Problem Solving Device number five, Grace Orientation.
Now, back in 1 John 5:16, the upcoming qualifier tells us we are not talking about every sin, (although we have in view 99% of sins). The upcoming qualifier is “not leading to death”.
“Not leading to death,” is ME PROS THANATOS.
ME is one of two Greek negatives for “not”; the other is OUK, which we will see later in this passage in, “I do not say.”
THANATOS is the Greek word for “death.” Here it is in the Accusative Singular.
Then, we have an interesting word that has been translate “leading to,” PROS. PROS is a Preposition and here in the Accusative it means, “to, toward, for the sake or purpose of, in order to, or so that.” It also has the idea of being “face to face” with someone or something. Here it means the believer sinning in a category of sin that does not bring the believer “face to face” with death. So, we could say, “not bringing him face to face with death.”
This also tells us that there is a category of sin that does bring us face to face with death – the Sin Unto Death.
The sin “face to face” with death is not a specific sin. It is when the believer resides and functions consistently inside Satan’s Cosmic System. In that case, all his human good and sins add up to motivational evil toward self and functional evil toward others, which results in maximum punitive discipline from God.
The Sin Unto Death is typically a process leading to one’s final physical death as the third stage of Divine discipline, 1 Cor 11:30, but can also be a swift judgment by God, Acts 5:1-11. We will explain this further below.
The reason I like “face to face” is that the Sin Unto Death is a process leading to one’s final physical death as the third stage of Divine discipline. You see, you can pray for someone that is under stage one or two of Divine discipline, but you don’t pray for the discipline to be removed, you pray for your fellow believer to wake up, as a result of the discipline. But when someone is about to be taken out under the Sin Unto Death, (a dishonorable discharge), you certainly do not want to get in the way of God’s administration.
Thus far, we have, “if anyone sees his fellow believer missing the mark in sin not (bringing him) face to face with death.”
- The first issue we have is the fact of observing a fellow believer. Observation of a fellow believer is a very dangerous thing, because we have no right to intrude upon the privacy of someone else’s priesthood.
- We will find that where observation does occur, where it is possible, there is no command, no mandate, to gossip, to malign, or to judge. The best we can do for someone else, in respecting their privacy, is pray for them.
Next, we begin the apodasis or “then” statement with the Future, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of the verb AITEO that means, “to ask or to request.” Here it is “he will ask” in the Future tense.
Therefore, if you have seen someone sinning you should subsequently turn it over to God in prayer, verses taking matters into your own hands by gossiping, maligning, judging, vengeance, etc.
The Future Tense is a unique type:
- As the Aorist Tense above of “has seen” tells us of an event in past time, “seeing a fellow believer sin not terminating in death,” so the Future Tense here expresses anticipation of an event in the future, “making intercession for that believer.”
- Therefore, this has the sense of a Progressive Present which denotes the idea of future activity, that is, praying for a fellow believer who is not going through the third stage of Divine disciple, as a result of maximum divine discipline.
The Active Voice says that the believer who offers the intercession produces the action.
The Declarative Indicative Mood represents the verbal idea from the viewpoint of reality. This also acts like an Imperative Mood as a command to pray for our fellow believers who we may witness sinning.
Then we have the connective Conjunction KAI for “and,” and the Future, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of DIDOMI, which means, “to give”.
So, we say, “And He (God the Father) will give.”
Here the Grace of God is in action in response to the protocol intercessory prayers of the mature believer for a sinning fellow believer who is not under the third stage of Divine discipline.
The Predictive Future Tense anticipates an answer to prayer expected to occur future to the time of intercession, “He will give.”
The Active Voice says that God the Father produces the action of the verb in delivering the sinful believer before undergoing maximum discipline of the Sin Unto Death.
The Indicative Mood is again declarative for the reality of an answered prayer.
Then, we have the Direct Object Accusative Singular of ZOE, referring to temporal “life.” That is, temporal security.
With this is the Dative of Indirect Object of AUTOS used as the Third Person Personal Pronoun for “to him,” which indicates the one in whose interest the action occurs; the sinning believer is the beneficiary of the intercession.
So, we have, “He (God the Father) will give life to him (the sinning believer prayed for).”
Finally, we have the qualifier once again, “to those who commit sin not leading to death.”
It begins with the Article HO in the Dative, Plural. The definite article in the Dative Plural is used as a Demonstrative Pronoun emphasizing the category; sinning believers.
So, we say, “to those (sinning believers).”
Then we have the Present, Active, Plural, Participle also in the Dative case of HAMARTANO, this time by itself for “who have missed the mark or sinned.”
The Perfective Present Tense denotes the continuation of existing results. It refers to a fact which has come to be in the past, but is emphasized as a present reality of sinning, but not Sinning Unto Death.
The Active Voice tells us, the believer who has not Sinned Unto Death produces the action.
The Participle is circumstantial and used for a relative clause.
With this is the negative ME for “not.”
We complete the sentence with two Accusatives, PROS THANATOS, “face to face with death.”
So, we say, “to those (sinning believers) who have not sinned face to face with death.”
Our translation thus far is, “If anyone sees his fellow believer missing the mark in sin (that is) not (bring him) face to face with death, he will ask, and He (God the Father) will give life to him, to those (sinning believers) who have not sinned (bringing them) face to face with death.”
- Prayer is virtue dependent, but even an intercessory prayer possessing virtue has certain limitations. If you pray for something which is not in the Plan of God, or not God’s will, even if you are in fellowship and filled with virtue, it will not be answered. You cannot pray for something which is contrary to the will of God and expect it to be answered.
- The Sin Unto Death is prolonged residence inside Satan’s Cosmic System. Once a believer is under the Sin Unto Death, prayer cannot reverse the administration of the Sin Unto Death, because it involves the sovereignty of God.
- Illustration: The incest relationship of born again believers at Corinth, 1 Cor 5:1-5. Some believers in Corinth were praying for him, but their prayers could not be answered, because he was in the Cosmic System. But when Paul pronounced the Sin Unto Death on him, then this person woke up. He was frightened. God finally had to deal with him through fear. Paul had to tell the Corinthians in 2 Cor 2:1-11 to lay off of him, that this believer had rebounded and that the Sin Unto Death discipline had been removed, 2 Cor 7:8-11. So, there are certain things which even effective and virtuous prayer cannot accomplish, hence the principle of virtue limitation in prayer.
- Virtue limitation does not lie with the one offering the prayer, but with the object of intercession who resides in the Cosmic System.
- When you see a believer sin a sin, commit a sin which will not terminate in maximum discipline, there is the possibility of praying for him. But no prayer can be offered that will in any way coerce his volition or the volition of God the Father.
- Prayer, therefore must be of such a nature as to pray for his awareness of his problem. You can’t solve a problem until you know you have a problem. The problem of the believer in Corinth was not incest; that was the result of the problem. His problem was that he was in the Cosmic System.
- This implies that you understand what constitutes the Sin Unto Death.
- Please note what is not mandated. There is no mandate for gossip, maligning, spreading tales about the sinning believer, etc.
- The only option in intercessory prayer is to understand the difference between the Sin Unto Death and sin. Your option to pray can only relate to a person who has not sinned the Sin Unto Death. This, therefore calls for mature application which calls for knowledge and understanding of God’s Word.
To see a believer commit a sin face to face with death requires mature application of prayer, plus intimate contact with the subject. This is not a matter of speculation; for this verse implies that you understand the difference between sin and the sin face to face with death. This also implies no gossip, no maligning, no judging, no spreading of false information about a sinning believer. You have to be a witness to the sin or sins of another believer, and use the option of intercessory prayer, and then petition God that the sinner will recognize their own sin and rebound from their own volition. In the sin face to face with death, the decision of the sovereignty of God is of maximum importance; therefore, avoid praying against the will of God or tampering with the will of God. God has never made a judgment of anyone that excludes the love of God. Therefore, God’s judgment of this person is always fair.
We now turn to exegete the last section of Verse 16. 1 John 5:16b, “There is sin leading to death; I do not say that he should make request for this.”
The second sentence begins with the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person Singular of the verb EIMI that means, “I am, I exist, to be, is, or are.” Here it is translated, “there is.” because it is a Gnomic Present Tense.
The Gnomic Present Tense represents a situation taken for granted as a fact. It is a fact that there is a maximum punishment situation in which the believer can find himself only through his own decision. Influence of others is no excuse; influence of self-distraction is no excuse.
The Active Voice emphasizes the reality of maximum discipline from the justice of God to the believer who continues to reside and function in Satan’s Cosmic System.
The Indicative Mood is declarative for the reality of the Sin Unto Death.
Then, we have “a sin” which is HAMARTIA. As noted previously, the “a” should not be translated here or in the first half of Verse 16 or Verse 17, because this is not talking about one sin but the sinful life of the reversionistic believer.
The Predicate Nominative from HAMARTIA does not refer to a personal sin or even a category of sin, it refers to a status, rather than a specific action. It refers actually to a status which produces not only a number of different kinds of sins, but produces motivating and functional evil.
Then, we have PROS once again for “face to face,” plus the Accusative of THANATOS which means, “death,” so we have, “face to face with death,” but it is an idiom meaning, “toward death” or “terminating in death.”
The noun THANATOS is used here for a painful experience in dying, the painful experience that comes when the options have all been closed down. There is always, for the believer who lives in the Cosmic System and prolongs his stay, one final open door. That one final open door is Rebound. If he Rebounds, walks through that door, then he will have temporary relief, and maybe even permanent relief of the Sin Unto Death.
Next, is a Prepositional phrase that begins with OUK; the other Greek negative for “do not,” and the Present, Active, Indicative, First Person Singular of the verb LEGO that means, “I say.” The two combine come to mean, “I do not recommend,” because the verb is used in a specific sense, meaning, “order, command, direct, enjoin, or recommend.”
Here it means, “I do not recommend.”
The Perfective Present Tense is for a policy regarding prayer which has been made in the past but is emphasized as a present reality.
The Active Voice tells us that the Apostle John states a policy which becomes a Divine mandate regarding prayer for those believers who through pertinent and continuous cosmic involvement are under maximum discipline from the justice of God, known as the Sin Unto Death. You cannot pray for those believers who persist to live in the Cosmic System; it is out of your hands. It is strictly in the hands of the justice of God, and He is going to take them out in a horrible fashion. You do not have the facts and prayer cannot be effective without facts.
The Indicative Mood is declarative, representing the verbal idea as a mandate from God.
Then, we have another Prepositional phrase, PERI which means, “concerning or about,” plus the Genitive Singular from the remote Demonstrative EKEINOS which means, “that.” So we have “concerning that” or “about that.” It is referring here to the Sin Unto Death.
Next, we have the conjunction HINA which means, “that,” and introduces a sub-final purpose clause, denoting the direction of the action in the main verb toward a given result, which result is sought or anticipated.
Finally, we have the Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, Third Person, Singular of the verb EROTAO, meaning, “to ask, to question, to request, entreat, beg, or beseech,” translated here, “you pray.”
There is a subject here in the suffix. The Third Person, Singular suffix of the verb is ordinarily translated “he,” but here it is used as the Indefinite Pronoun. To translate the verbal suffix, it cannot be “he,” but “anyone.” In other words, it is a category rather than a specific individual.
The Constative Aorist refers to a momentary action of prayer, or a prayer request extended over a period of time. It refers to the action in summary fashion without focusing on the beginning or end. It stresses the occurrence, not its nature.
The Active Voice says the believer inside God’s Power System, who would ordinarily use prayer effectively, is to simply keep out of God’s way in this case.
The Subjunctive Mood linked with HINA as a sub final clause becomes a direct object clause, and linked with the negative OUK tells us what we should not be praying for.
So, we say “anyone should pray.”
So, the last sentence in Verse 16 is translated, “There is sin face to face with death; I do not recommend that anyone should pray concerning that.”
Our overall translation of 1 John 5:16 is, “If anyone sees his fellow believer missing the mark in sin (that is) not (bringing him) face to face with death, he will ask, and He (God the Father) will give life to him, to those who have not sinned (bringing them) face to face with death. There is sin face to face with death; I do not recommend that anyone should pray concerning that.”
The sin face to face (terminating) in death is defined as maximum Divine discipline from the justice of God, resulting in painful and sometimes instant physical death. It is the highest form of disgrace that can occur.
Divine discipline results from the believer using his own volition to create his own failures in life after salvation.
The sin face to face with death is described in Psa 7:14 16. See also 1 Kings 13:1-32.
Psa 7:14 16, “Behold, he shall have labor pains of vanity (warning discipline) because he has become pregnant with frustration. Therefore, he has given birth to a life of deceit (intensive discipline). He dug a grave (the sin face to face with death). He explored it (the experience of warning and intensive discipline). Therefore, he has fallen into the ditch which he himself has constructed. His frustration will return on his own head. And his violence will descend upon his own crown.”
The believer under the sentence of death can Rebound and live. No other believer, apart from the condemned person, can make his decision to rebound.
The Bible Knowledge Commentary states: “Verses 16-17 have been much discussed. But they should not have occasioned as much difficulty as they have. Sometimes a Christian may sin so seriously that God judges that sin with swift physical death: “a sin that leads to death.” Ananias and Sapphira are cases in point (Acts 5:1-11). But most of the sins which one sees a Christian brother commit are not of such a nature, as their common occurrence shows. For these, a believer ought to pray, knowing that any sin—if continued in long enough—is a threat to a fellow Christian’s life (cf. James 5:19-20; also cf. Prov 10:27; 11:19; 13:14; 19:16). Thus, the restoration of a brother may secure a prolonging of his physical life.”
James 5:19-20, “My brethren, if any among you strays from the truth and one turns him back, 20let him know that he who turns a sinner from the error of his way will save his soul from death and will cover a multitude of sins.”
Prov 10:27, “The fear of the LORD prolongs life, but the years of the wicked will be shortened.
Prov 11:19, “He who is steadfast in righteousness will attain to life, and he who pursues evil will bring about his own death.”
Prov 13:14, “The teaching of the wise is a fountain of life, to turn aside from the snares of death.”
Prov 19:16, “He who keeps the commandment keeps his soul, but he who is careless of conduct will die.”
Doctrine of the Sin Unto Death
- The Sin Unto (face to face with) Death is not a specific sin. It is the believer residing and functioning in the Cosmic System. All his human good and sins add up to motivational evil toward self and functional evil toward others.
- The Sin Face to Face with Death is maximum divine discipline (Stage 3, 1 Cor 11:30), the most painful experience in life with no alleviation or it can be sudden. It implies loss of reward and blessing and ashamedness at the judgment seat of Christ.
- 1 John 5:16b means that while you are in the process of dying, you can still sin. It is the sins that intensify the suffering in dying. This is a reference to sinning when you are in the death shadowed valley of Psa 23:4. When you are going through the valley of death, there are certain sins that you can commit face to face with dying that will make the journey miserable: sins like jealousy, bitterness, vindictiveness, self-pity, fear, worry, anxiety. All of these sins make dying miserable.
- There are those who sow to the wind and reap the tornado (Hosea 8:7) in the death shadowed valley. The Sin Face to Face with Death is you creating for yourself your very own dying misery in the death shadowed valley God has provided for you. This is fair, painful, and terminates in physical death. Sins committed while dying intensify the journey through the death-shadowed valley.
- The Divine initiative of Eschatological Grace challenges the believer to deploy the Problem Solving Devices on the FLOT line of the soul (i.e., picking up and putting on the Full Armor of God Eph 6:10-18), so that you can travel through your own death shadowed valley with the most fantastic blessings, Hosea 10:12; Psa 23:4; Phil 1:21.
Hosea 10:12, “Sow with a view to righteousness, reap in accordance with kindness; Break up your fallow ground, for it is time to seek the LORD until He comes to rain righteousness on you.”
Phil 1:21, “For to me, to live is Christ and to die is gain.”
Psa 23:4, “Even though I walk through the Death Shadowed Valley, I fear no evil, for You are with me; Your rod (Divine Discipline) and Your staff (Bible Doctrine), they comfort me.”
- The training for the blessing or profit in dying comes from the daily function of the spiritual skills in your life, 2 Tim 1:7.
2 Tim 1:7, “For God has not given us a spirit of timidity (lifestyle of fear), but of power and of virtue love and discipline (sound judgment).”
The Context for the Sin Face to Face with Death.
- The context is the general doctrine of Divine Discipline. Divine Discipline is the sum total of punitive measures by which God judges, corrects, and teaches the believer in time, Psa 119:75; Prov 3:12; Heb 12:5-6; Rev 3:19.
Heb 12:5-6, “And so you yourselves have forgotten the exhortation (the principles of doctrine) which addressed to you (teach you) as sons. My son do not make light of the discipline from the Lord, nor be fainting when you are reproved (punished) by Him. For you see, `those whom the Lord loves He disciplines and He scourges with a whip every son whom He receives.’”
Rev 3:19, “Those whom I love, I reprove and discipline; therefore be zealous and repent.”
- Divine discipline is confined to time, Rev 21:4, “And He will wipe away every tear from their eyes; and there will no longer be any death; there will no longer be any mourning, or crying, or pain; the first things have passed away.”
- Divine discipline results from the believer using his own volition to create his own failures, Psa 7:14-16.
Psa 7:14-16, “Behold, he travails with wickedness, and he conceives mischief and brings forth falsehood. 15He has dug a pit and hollowed it out, and has fallen into the hole which he made. 16His mischief will return upon his own head, and his violence will descend upon his own pate.”
- Certain sins are worse as far as divine discipline is concerned, i.e., sins of the tongue that bring Triple Compound Discipline (TCD), Mat 7:1-2.
1.) TCD is the worst type of self-induced punishment. This begins with the believer’s decision to become involved in mental attitude sins as motivation for sins of the tongue. These sins of the tongue are motivated by such mental attitude sins as arrogance, jealousy, bitterness, hatred, vindictiveness, implacability, self-pity, guilt syndrome, and revenge tactics.
2.) While these sins of motivating evil begin with bad decisions from human volition, they are also subject to divine discipline. Therefore, bad decisions to commit verbal sins bring about this worst category of divine discipline.
Mat 7:1-2, “Do not judge so that you will not be judged. 2For in the way you judge, you will be judged; and by your standard of measure, it will be measured back to you.”
3.) You receive triple discipline for:
a) The verbal sin: gossip, judging, maligning, slandering.
b) The mental attitude sin that motivated the verbal sin.
c) Every sin mentioned about someone else, whether true or not, is put on you.
4.) If you have Personal Love toward God, you have Impersonal Love toward man,
1 John 2:6, 10; 4:7, 21. So do not gossip, judge, or malign others, Psa 64:7-8; James 4:11, 5:9.
James 4:11, “Do not speak against one another, brethren. He who speaks against a brother or judges his brother, speaks against the law (God’s Word) and judges the law (God’s Word); but if you judge the law (God’s Word), you are not a doer of the law (God’s Word) but a judge of it.”
James 5:9, “Do not complain, brethren, against one another, so that you yourselves may not be judged; behold, the Judge is standing right at the door.”
- For the believer in the Cosmic System, there are three stages of Divine Disciple concluding with the Sin Face to Face with Death, 1 Cor 11:28-32.
1 Cor 11:28-32, “But a man must examine himself (with the result of confessing his sins, 1 John 1:9),… 29For he brings judgment to himself if he does not judge the body rightly (confess his sins). 30For this reason many among you are 1) weak, and 2) sick, and 3) a number sleep (Sin Face to Face with Death). 31But if we judged ourselves rightly, we would not be judged (disciplined). 32But when we are judged, we are disciplined by the Lord so that we will not be condemned along with the world.”
1.) The First Stage of Divine Discipline is “weakness”, i.e., warning discipline.
Rev 3:20, “Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone has heard My voice and he opens the door (Rebound, 1 John 1:9), I will enter face-to-face with him and dine with him and he with Me (restoration to fellowship with God).”
2.) The Second Stage of Divine Discipline is “sickness”, i.e., intensive discipline,
Psa 32:1-5; 118:17-18.
Psa 32:4, “For day and night Your hand was heavy upon me; my vitality was drained away as with the fever heat of summer.”
Psa 118:17, “I will not die, but live, and tell of the works of the LORD. 18The LORD has disciplined me severely, but He has not given me over to death.”
3.) The Third Stage of Divine Discipline is the sin face-to-face with death.
Rev 3:16, “So, because you are lukewarm, and neither hot (soothing ministry) nor cold (refreshing ministry, see also Mat 10:42. Both are believers executing the spiritual life), I am about to vomit you out of My mouth.”
Phil 3:18-19, “For many walk, of whom I often told you, and now tell you even weeping, that they are enemies of the cross of Christ, 19whose end is destruction, whose god is their appetite, and whose glory is in their shame, who set their minds on earthly things.”
The Sin Face to Face with Death is Related to the Stages of Reversionism.
- The stages of reversionism are:
1.) Reaction to or distraction from Bible teaching.
2.) A frantic search for happiness, (FSfH).
3.) Operation Boomerang, (FSfH intensifies frustration, misery, and unhappiness).
4.) Emotional revolt of the soul.
5.) Locked in negative volition.
6.) Blackout of the soul, (sucking in false doctrine).
7.) Scar tissue of the soul.
8.) Reverse process reversionism, (a complete reversal of all mandates, priorities, and norms and standards related to the Protocol Plan of God).
- The sin face to face means shame at the Judgment Seat of Christ with failure to receive your escrow blessings for eternity, 1 John 2:28.
- Maximum punitive action of dying the Sin Face to Face with Death does not imply that the believer will be miserable after death, because there is “no more sorrow, no more tears, no more pain” for all believers who are face to face with the Lord.
Administration of the Sin, Face to Face with Death, does not Imply Loss of Salvation, 2 Tim 2:11-13.
Case Histories of Believers Who have Faced the Sin Face to Face with Death.
- King Saul, 1 Chr 10:13-14. This is occult reversionism resulting in the Sin Face to Face with Death.
- King Hezekiah had an evil foreign policy of going to Egypt for help, Isa 30:1-3. So, God put him under the sentence of the sin which terminates with death, Isa 38. He rebounded and was given more time to live.
- The case of Ananias and Sapphira in Acts 5:1-10. Their life in perpetual carnality was manifest by lying to God.
- The case of the incestuous Corinthian, 1 Cor 5:1-10, who recovered, 2 Cor 7:8-11.
- 1 Cor 11:27-28, 30-31 describes participating in the communion service in a state of perpetual carnality resulting in the Sin Face to Face with Death. You have a choice between using the rebound technique or dying from divine discipline.
- Certain believers in Philippi, Phil 3:18-19.
- The case of Hymenaeus and Alexander, 1 Tim 1:19-20, who also lived in perpetual carnality.
- Certain believers in the church at Laodicea, Rev 3:16.
1 John 5:17, “All unrighteousness is sin, and there is a sin not leading to death.”
πᾶσα ἀδικία ἁμαρτία ἐστίν, καὶ ἔστιν ἁμαρτία οὐ πρὸς θάνατον.
Verse 17 begins with the Adjective PAS in the Nominative case which means, “all or every.”
Then we have the Subject Nominative Noun ADIKIA, which is a compound word from the negative prefix “A” and “DIKE” meaning, “right or justice”. So, combined it means, “unrighteousness, injustice, and sometimes evildoers, wrong, iniquity, etc.” In abstract, it connotes unrighteous action. It also means an unjust act or transgression. It is often a synonym of lawlessness ANOMIA. However, because of the phrase found in 1 John 1:9, “and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness,” it is concluded that the subject here includes unknown sin, known sin, and all function of human good and evil in the Cosmic System; therefore, “all wrongdoing,” of the believer in the Cosmic System is sin.
To understand what unrighteousness is we need to know what righteousness is:
- The Hebrew word TSEDAQAH and the Greek word DIKAIOSUNE mean, “righteousness.” It is an absolute term when applied to God.
- Righteousness has to do with law, morality, and justice.
- Therefore, the concept of righteousness comes directly from God. as He is perfect righteousness.
1.) In relation to Himself, God is righteous; i.e., there is no law, either within His own being or of His own making, which is violated by anything in His nature.
2.) In relation to His creatures, He is also righteous; i.e., there is no action which He takes that violates any code of morality or justice.
3.) These two aspects of righteousness are called absolute (in relation to Himself) and relative (in relation to His Creation).
- With respect to God’s character.
1.) He is transparently holy and righteous in all His acts.
2.) He is perfectly good and correct in all His thoughts, decrees, and actions.
3.) When combined with love, His righteousness results in grace.
4.) God’s righteousness is ever absolute and perfect to infinity.
- God’s absolute righteousness is declared in Psa 11:7; 19:9; Dan 9:7; Acts 17:31; 1 John 1:5.
Psa 11:7, “For the LORD is righteous, He loves righteousness; The upright will behold His face.”
1 John 1:5, “God is light and in him there is no darkness at all.”
- God’s righteousness is seen in two ways:
1.) He is a righteous Person, James 1:17; 1 John 1:5.
2.) He is righteous in all His ways, 3:25-26.
James 1:17, “Every good thing given and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shifting shadow.”
- God’s righteousness is the guardian of God’s justice. Justice guards the rest of the essence of God.
- Righteousness in relation to God means He:
1.) Possesses eternal, unchangeable, and perfect righteousness.
2.) Is perfect goodness, sinless in character and person.
3.) Is absolute good. Absolute good is perfect righteousness, Psa 25:8; 34:8; 86:5; 119:68; Luke 18:19.
4.) Is perfect, both in His person and in His character, Deut 32:4; Psa 7:9; 11:7; 97:6; 113:3; 119:137; Jer 23:6; John 17:25; Rom 1:17; 10:3; 1 John 2:29.
5.) Is totally free from sin. God has never sinned. God cannot tempt or solicit to sin. God cannot in any way be involved in sin except to judge it.
6.) Is perfect in attitudes and in actions; it’s the principle of divine integrity. (Man’s self-righteousness, sinfulness, good deeds, or morality cannot influence the integrity of God.)
7.) Rejects all relative standards of righteousness.
Duet 32:4, “The Rock! His work is perfect, for all His ways are just; a God of faithfulness and without injustice, righteous and upright is He.”
Therefore, unrighteousness is:
- The complete opposite of who and what God is.
- Anything counter to the integrity of God.
- Anything counter to the will of God.
- Any deeds violating law and justice.
- Wickedness or wrong doing.
- Man’s self-righteousness.
- Human good and evil.
Rom 1:18, “For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who suppress the truth in unrighteousness.”
2 Tim 2:19, “Nevertheless, the firm foundation of God stands, having this seal, “The Lord knows those who are His,” and, “Everyone who names the name of the Lord is to abstain from unrighteousness.””
Continuing back in 1 John 5:17:
Then, we have the verb “to be,” EIMI, in the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular.
The Gnomic Present indicates the timeless general status of all unrighteousness (human good and evil, known and unknown sins) as being classified as sin.
The Active Voice says that anything that is counter to the righteousness of God is classified as sin.
The Indicative Mood is declarative that all unrighteousness is in fact sin. There is no gray area with God. Anything counter to His righteousness is sin.
Then, we have the classification of unrighteousness, the noun for “sin,” which is HAMARTIA that is also in the Nominative, Feminine, Singular. This refers to the function of the believer in the Cosmic System.
This is a Predicate Nominative referring to the modus operandi of the believer living inside the Cosmic System. When a believer operates inside Satan’s Cosmic System, his actions are classified as sin, because Satan’s system is counter to God’s.
Next, we have conjunction KAI that means, “and, even, or also.” Here it coordinates and continues the thought in regards to all unrighteousness being sin, and the previous discussion regarding the Sin Unto Death. It is an intensive use of the conjunction and will be translated, “and yet.” This continues the thought emphasizing a fact which is surprising and noteworthy as we will see.
What is noteworthy is introduced with our verb “to be” EIMI in the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular. It introduces the status of reality when the cosmic believer confesses his sins.
The Customary Present denotes what habitually occurs or may be reasonably expected to occur when the believer rebounds and continues inside God’s Power System.
The Active Voice says the subject produces the action of the verb. Sin terminates in death when the believer rejects the rebound technique and continues to live in the cosmic system, as opposed to the believer who does confess their sins. They will not face the Sin Unto Death.
The Indicative Mood is declarative for the reality of the fact that sin does not mean physical death for the believer in itself. It is when sin goes unconfessed that it leads to death. Likewise, when the believer under Divine Discipline in stages 1, 2, or even 3 confesses his sin, God will restore him and give him an extension of physical life. Therefore, unconfessed sin does mean divine discipline, but if sin is confessed, any residual effect of God’s discipline after rebound is converted into Suffering for Blessing.
So far we have, “All unrighteousness is sin and yet there is…”
Next, we have once again the Predicate Nominative HAMARTIA for “sin.”
With this is the Objective Negative Particle OUK for “not” and the Accusative Preposition PROS meaning, “to or toward,” and as we have been translating it “face to face”.
Then finally, we have the Accusative of THANATOS for “death.”
So, combined we have “sin not face to face with death” or “sin not terminating in death.”
So, we see the exception to the sin terminating in death which is sin that is confessed.
Our translation is: “All unrighteousness (modus operandi inside the Cosmic System) is sin: and yet, there is sin not terminating in death.”
In Verses 16 & 17, John is reminding his readers of the negative consequences of all sinning. By giving us the extreme, sin unto death; he does not want to leave the impression that “minor” sinning is of no consequence. That is why he reminds us that all acts of unrighteousness, including human good and evil, is the opposite of a relationship with God who is perfect righteousness. Therefore, “all unrighteousness is sin,” and sin breaks our experiential relationship (fellowship) with God, 1 John 1:5-8. Therefore, he does not want us to think that our sins are insignificant or inconsequential.
- The reason why one believer cannot pray for another believer, who is under the Sin Unto Death, is because the entire issue of the Angelic Conflict rests with individual volition, which is encompassed by the divine provision of freedom.
- Once the believer living in the Cosmic System comes under the administration of the Sin Unto death, only that person alone can make the decision(s) which would reverse maximum punishment.
- The precedent for the doctrine of the Sin Unto Death is found in the life of David, Hezekiah, and the incestuous Corinthian.
- The principle as far as prayer is concerned is this: No prayer can be answered, which violates the locked-in volition of another believer.
- The purpose of prayer is not to coerce the volition of others, or to use prayer as an instrument for crusading (cleaning up other people’s lives).
- Prayer is not to be used to get your own way with others, or to superimpose your opinion or your lifestyle on another believer.
“Heedfulness or Hypocrisy in Ourselves?”… By Oswald Chambers
“If anyone sees his brother sinning a sin which does not lead to death, he will ask, and He will give him life for those who commit sin not leading to death” (1 John 5:16).
If we are not heedful and pay no attention to the way the Spirit of God works in us, we will become spiritual hypocrites. We see where other people are failing, and then we take our discernment and turn it into comments of ridicule and criticism, instead of turning it into intercession on their behalf. God reveals this truth about others to us, not through the sharpness of our minds, but through the direct penetration of His Spirit. If we are not attentive, we will be completely unaware of the source of the discernment God has given us, becoming critical of others and forgetting that God says, “… he will ask, and He will give him life for those who commit sin not leading to death.” Be careful that you don’t become a hypocrite by spending all your time trying to get others right with God before you worship Him yourself.
One of the most subtle and illusive burdens God ever places on us as saints is this burden of discernment concerning others. He gives us discernment so that we may accept the responsibility for those souls before Him and form the mind of Christ about them (see Philippians 2:5). We should intercede in accordance with what God says He will give us, namely, “life for those who commit sin not leading to death.” It is not that we are able to bring God into contact with our minds, but that we awaken ourselves to the point where God is able to convey His mind to us regarding the people for whom we intercede.
Can Jesus Christ see the agony of His soul in us? He can’t, unless we are so closely identified with Him that we have His view concerning the people for whom we pray. May we learn to intercede so wholeheartedly that Jesus Christ will be completely and overwhelmingly satisfied with us as intercessors.
This leads us to:
The Doctrine of Sin
Sin is anything contrary to the character and nature of God, or acting independently of God and God’s provision. Sin is coming short of God’s righteousness, Rom 3:23.
General Categories of Sin.
- Inherent Sin, Rom 5:12. When Adam sinned, he acquired an Old Sin Nature. Therefore, the Old Sin Nature was brought into existence by Adam. The human race inherits the Old Sin Nature through the chromosomes of the father, Psa 51:5. Therefore, every member of the human race is born with the Old Sin Nature and retains it after salvation.
- Imputed Sin. When Adam sinned, in essence, the entire human race sinned. The entire human race was counted guilty when Adam sinned, 1 Cor 15:22, “in Adam all die.” Because of the inherent Old Sin Nature, at the moment of man’s physical birth God, in a real imputation, imputes Adam’s original sin into its home, the inherent Sin Nature. As a result, spiritual death occurs in the new born baby. Therefore, imputed sin results in spiritual death, and man is born spiritually dead and needs the new birth.
- Personal Sin is a manifestation and result of having an Old Sin Nature, 1 John 1:8-10. There are two kinds of personal sin: known sins and unknown sins or sins we commit in ignorance. The human race sins personally, because of the presence of the Old Sin Nature both before and after salvation.
The Work on the Cross Regarding Sin.
- Inherent sin. Jesus Christ died with reference to everyone’s Old Sin Nature, Rom 6:10. As a result, we are legally divorced from our Sin Nature and joined anew to Jesus Christ, Rom 7:1-6. He made provision to handle sins from the Old Sin Nature, 1 John 1:7. He also rejected human good, which comes from the Old Sin Nature, Eph 2:8-9; Rom 4:4; 8:8; Heb 9:14; Isa 64:6.
- Imputed sin. In Adam we are counted guilty, 1 Cor 15:22; Rom 3:23, while in Christ, we are counted not guilty, 1 Cor 15:22b; 2 Cor 5:21; Eph 2:1, 5-6.
- Personal sin. Jesus Christ bore the sins of everyone so that the unbeliever could be positionally cleansed from all sins, (John 13:9-10; 15:3; Eph 5:26; Titus 2:14; Heb 10:10), and the believer could be experientially cleansed from post salvation sinning, Psa 32:5; Prov 28:13; 1 John 1:9; 2:2.
- The penalty of sin, Spiritual death (Mat 27:46), is replaced by the provision of spiritual life for anyone who believes in Christ, Rom 6:22-23.
The Issue of Sin.
- For the unbeliever, the issue of sin is rejection of Christ as Savior, John 3:18, 36. This is the basis of their condemnation at the last judgment, Rev 20:11-15. Personal sin never condemns anyone to hell, because it was paid for at the Cross.
- For the believer, the issue of sin is the utilization of the rebound technique, 1 John 1:9.
- In the New Testament, the word “sins” in the plural refers to personal sins as an action. The word “sin” in the singular typically refers to the Old Sin Nature. (Our passages 1 John 5:16-18 and Rom 5:13 are some of the exceptions, were it refers to the principle of sin.)
The Origin of Sin.
- God is not the author of sin or temptation, James 1:13-15. All sins come from the volition of the believer’s soul. The Old Sin Nature only motivates the believer to sin. He does it of his own free will.
- Sin originated with Satan through negative volition, Isa 14:12-14; Ezk 28:15-19.
- God created Adam in innocence. Adam was a free moral agent, just as Satan was. Adam could only sin by negative volition acting independently of God Gen 2:16-17.
- God did not create Adam with an Old Sin Nature. Adam acquired an Old Sin Nature through negative volition, Gen 3:6-7.
- The sovereignty of God and the free will of man are coexistent on the earth, and come together at the Cross. The ideal situation is when the free will of man meets the sovereignty of God at the Cross, Acts 16:31.
- The sovereignty of God gave man free will to resolve the angelic conflict. Free will gave man the right to choose for himself even in opposition to the will of God.
- Adam’s choice was made against God’s will, but God isn’t willing that any should perish, 2 Peter 3:9.
- If Adam had not sinned, would he have lived forever? No! Unless he continually ate from the Tree of Life in the Garden, because eternal life only comes by faith in Christ as represented by the Tree of Life in the garden which he was allowed to eat from.
- False logic: God made all things; sin is a thing; therefore, God made sin. Correct logic: Sin is not a thing. Sin is acting independently of God either mentally or overtly. So, God did not create sin, sin is a result of the negative volition of the free will of a creature. Just as cold is measured by the absence of heat, and darkness is measured by the absence of light, so sin is the absence of righteousness; it is not a thing unto itself.
We previously noted:
Two Categories of Sin that Come from Human Volition.
- Sins of Cognizance: In which a person recognizing the temptation as a sin, wants to do it, and he does it. This becomes a known sin and is a transgression involving human perception and/or cognizance. You know you are doing it.
- Sins of Ignorance: In which a person is not aware that the Old Sin Nature (OSN) is tempting him to sin, but he desires to do the sin, and he does it. An unknown sin is a violation in which the act is committed without human perception or cognizance.
1.) Just as our judicial system in the United States says, “Ignorance is no excuse for the law,” so it is with sinning against God and His laws. Just because you did not know that the act you performed was a crime, it is no excuse. You are not innocent of the crime; you are still guilty of committing that crime. So, it is the same with sinning. Whether you knew the act you chose to perform was a sin or not, you are still guilty of that sin.
Because all sin is related to the function of human volition, the believer is responsible for both categories of sin in his life. In both categories, you are equally guilty. God doesn’t excuse you, and it does not matter what you think about your sins, God isn’t impressed.
Your volition is involved in both known and unknown sins, for volition is the issue in the Angelic conflict. And for the believer, the issue is the confession of your sins, 1 John 1:9, utilizing the Rebound Technique.
As we have noted, the source of sin is your negative volition toward temptation from your Old Sin Nature. Remember that temptation is not sin. So, let’s review the essence of the Old Sin Nature.
The Essence of the Old Sin Nature. Isa 64:6, Rom 6:6, 8:8
Isa 64:6, “For all of us have become like one who is unclean, and all our righteous deeds are like a filthy garment; and all of us wither like a leaf, and our iniquities, like the wind, take us away.”
Rom 6:6, “Knowing this, that our old self was crucified with Him, in order that our body of sin might be done away with, so that we would no longer be slaves to sin.”
Notice that it does not say “we will not sin again,” but that we are “no longer slaves to sin.” We have been divorced from our OSN, but that does not mean we will not go back to it from time to time.
There are Four Categories to the Sin Nature and its Temptations.
- The area of Strength. This produces a negative type of good called human good. This is also called “dead works” and “wood, hay, and stubble.”
- The area of Weakness. This is the source of all temptation to sin. When linked with negative volition, the area of weakness results in personal sin. It is not sinful to be tempted; it is sinful to succumb to the temptation.
- The area of Asceticism. This is self-righteous arrogance, one of the two areas of trends and lust patterns of the soul. This is the “do-goodism” side of your sin nature. Therefore, legalism, moral degeneracy, and approbation lust emanate from this area of the OSN.
- The area of Lasciviousness. This is the self-willfulness side of your OSN, the other areas of trends and lust patterns also called “loose living”. This is our temptation and motivation for self-gratification. Antinomianism (lawlessness) and immoral degeneracy emanate from this area of the OSN.
Categories 3 and 4 combine to make up the trends and lust patterns of the OSN. For example:
1.) Under Asceticism, the trend of legalism, results in the lust pattern of moral degeneracy.
2.) Under Lasciviousness, the trend of antinomianism (lawlessness), results in the lust pattern of immoral degeneracy.
From the trends and lust patterns, we have temptations such as; power lust, social lust, sexual lust, chemical lust, monetary lust, crusader lust, inordinate ambition resulting in inordinate competition, lust for revenge, criminal lust, pleasure lust, etc.
Click to see –> Old Sin Nature Power Point Presentation:
Biblical Terms for the Old Sin Nature.
- Flesh – SARX, Gal 5:16; Eph 2:3.
- Carnal or of the Flesh – SARKINOS, Rom 7:14; 1 Cor 3:1-3.
- The Old Man or Old Self – PALAIOS ANTHROPOS, Eph 4:22; Col 3:9.
- Sin – HAMARTIA, Rom 5:12; 6:6-7; 7:14; 1 Cor 15:56.
- Sometimes Heart – KARDIA, Mat 12:34-35; 15:19; Mark 7:21-23; Jer 17:9
Once Tempted Sin Emanates for a Thought, a Motive, an Act of Wrongdoing, Plus a State of Alienation from God.
There are four categories of Personal Sin:
- Emotional sins. This is allowing your emotions to take control of your soul. There are four categories of emotional sins.
1.) Sins related to fear, which includes worry and anxiety.
2.) Sins related to hatred, which includes anger, violence, and murder.
3.) Sins related to self-pity.
4.) Sins related to guilt.
- Mental sins. These are your thoughts running with or messaging the temptations from your OSN. These include arrogance, pride, jealousy, implacability, bitterness, vindictiveness, inordinate ambition, and inordinate competition, all motivational sins, and sinful thoughts.
- Verbal sins: These are the sins that you speak or say out loud. They include gossip, maligning, slander, judging, lying, and verbal deception.
- Overt sins: These are sins performed or acted out with your body. They include chemical sins, sexual sins, criminal sins, etc.
God has given us a list of seven sins that He hates in Pro 6:16-19.
Prov 6:16-19, “There are six things which the LORD hates, yes, seven which are an abomination to Him: 17haughty eyes, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood, 18a heart that devises wicked plans, feet that run rapidly to evil, 19a false witness who utters lies, and one who spreads strife among brothers.”
Note that there are:
- Two Mental sins: “haughty eyes, a heart that devises wicked plans.”
- Three Verbal sins: “a lying tongue, a false witness who utters lies, one who spreads strife among brothers.”
- Two Overt sins: “hands that shed innocent blood, feet that run rapidly to evil.”
The Importance of Understanding Sin.
- In living the Christian life, it is important to know what is a sin, so that:
1.) You can avoid the temptation, recognizing it to be a sin.
2.) You can rebound if you do sin.
- The more you know about sin, the closer the accounts you can keep with God. Understanding what sin is gives you the opportunity of building up resistance against it. You can identify what is sin in the temptation stage, and that helps you to resist it. However, the identification of temptation sometimes results in succumbing to that temptation, and so you sin.
- Temptation in itself is not the sin, but the volitional act of succumbing to that temptation is sin.
- The source of sin is human volition related to two categories.
1.) Volition related to known sin is a sin of cognizance.
2.) Volition related to unknown sin is a sin of ignorance.
- When the believer commits a sin, identification of that sin makes the function of rebound possible. Remember that one of the problems in identifying sin is that many sins become accepted in a culture through many generations, so that they are no longer considered a sin by society; nevertheless, they are sins.
- If you do not know a sin is a sin, you typically cannot rebound until you commit a sin you know is a sin, unless you offer a prayer to God saying, “Father I confess any unknown sins I may have committed.” For the ignorant, it may take some time before they realize they have sinned or offer that prayer to God; and in the mean time they decline in their spiritual life, including going through the stages of reversionism and becoming involved in the cosmic system. By the time such a believer gets around to rebounding, he may be so deeply involved in reversionism that even though he confesses his sin and gets back into God’s Power System, he will get out again very quickly.
- Remember that post-salvation sinning is the issue in Rebound, i.e., the issue is not sins you committed before you were saved, but sins you commit after you are saved.
- Don’t ever get the idea that you have reached sinless perfection, or that you sin infrequently. That very thought is the sin of arrogance.
1 John 1:8, “If we say we have no sin, we are deceiving ourselves and the truth (doctrine) is not in us.”
We are not deceiving anyone else, only ourselves. One of the greatest problems in spiritual adolescence is self-deception. You think you’re good or even perfect, not realizing the many sins of self-righteousness of which you are guilty.
1 John 1:10, “If we say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar, and His word is not in us.”
So, don’t kid yourself. As long as you live, you will have the Sin Nature in the cell structure of your body, and you will sin.
- The only way to recover the Filling of the Spirit and fellowship with God is through the Rebound Technique of 1 John 1:9 w/ Eph 5:18.
- The only way to metabolize Bible Doctrine and to advance to the Life Beyond GNOSIS is through the Filling of the Spirit. The filling of the Spirit is the enabling power for the perception of Doctrine, John 14:26; 16:12-14; 1 Cor 2:9-16.
- Until the believer understands what the Bible calls sin, it is impossible for him to understand his experiential status quo. Too many people are committing sins, and they are not aware that they are sins. Therefore, although they may rebound, they get out of fellowship instantly. This is an unstable situation and not conducive to spiritual growth at all.
- So, as a Royal Priest, you must know what sin is so that you can deal with your own sins, before the Lord, in the use of the Rebound Technique and avoid Divine Discipline.
- In the Rebound Technique of 1 John 1:9, the believer takes the responsibility for his own decisions, including his own sins, and does not blame someone else for the function of his own volition. Too often, a woman blames a man who “gets to her,” as if she had no volition. Men do the same thing; they always like to blame the woman, as if they had no volition of their own. But you must always take the responsibility for your own decisions. You begin to do so when you are consistent in the use of the Rebound Technique.
New Testament Categories of Sin are Found in: Rom 1:26 – 32; Gal 5:17 – 21; Col 3:5 – 10; 1 Tim 1:8 – 11; 2 Tim 3:2 – 7.
- Col 3:5-10, “Therefore, begin to put to death the members of your earthly body: immorality, impurity, passion, evil desire, and greed, which amounts to idolatry. 6For it is on account of these things that the wrath of God will come, 7and in them you also once walked, when you were living in them. 8But now you also, put these all aside: anger, wrath, malice, slander, and abusive speech from your mouth. 9Do not lie to one another, since you laid aside the old self with its evil practices, 10and have put on the new self who is being renewed to a true knowledge according to the image of the one who created him.”
Verse 5, “…begin to put to death the members of the body…,” is a reference to rebound; “the members of the body” being a reference to the old sin nature.
- Immorality – PORNEIA means, “fornication, that is, unnatural sexual vices, or any illicit sexual intercourse.”
- Impurity – AKATHARSIA means, “impurity of mind, that is, mental adultery, or unnatural sexual lusts.”
- Passion – PATHOS means, “degenerate passions.”
- Evil Desire – KAKOS EPITHUMIA means, “evil lust or desires.”
- Greed – PLEONEXIA means, “having the will to have more, that is inordinate lust or desire.”
- Idolatry – EIDOLOLATRIA means, “falsely worshiping images.”
Verse 8, “But now you also put them all aside.”
- Anger – ORGE means, “anger, generally caused by jealousy.”
- Wrath – THUMOS means, “emotions in turbulence, tantrums.”
- Malice – KAKIA means, “depravity, evil directed toward someone.”
- Slander – BLASPHEMIA means, “to malign or slander the character of God.”
- Abusive speech – AISCHROLOGIA means deformed or ugly speech; talk that hurts others.
Verse 9, “Do not lie to one another, since you laid aside the old self with its evil practices,”
- Lie – PSEUDOMAI means, “to utter an untruth, attempt to deceive by falsehood, or to speak deliberate falsehoods.”
- 2 Tim 3:2-7 deals specifically with Christian sins. These are sins that occur in every church.
1.) Verse 2, “For mankind will be lovers of self, lovers of money, boastful, arrogant, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, ungrateful, wicked.”
a) To be a lover of money doesn’t mean to appreciate money, but to sin in relationship to money, e.g., stealing money or being dishonest for monetary gain.
b) We live in a time when people are really ungrateful.
2.) Verse 3, “Unloving, implacable, malicious gossips, without self-control, brutal, haters of good of intrinsic value…” Unloving means you have no normal, natural love.
3.) Verse 4, “Treacherous, thoughtless, conceited, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God.”
4.) Verse 5, “Holding to a form of Godliness although they have repudiated its power. Avoid such as these.”
a) Holding to a form of Godliness means they talk a good fight, full of pious, “Amens”and “Hallelujahs.”
b) The power of Godliness is in God’s power system (the filling of the Holy Spirit and the Word of God). Such people have repudiated that power by being in reversionism and the cosmic system.
5.) Verse 6, “for among them are those who creep into households and captivate silly women weighed down with sins led on by various lusts.”
6.) Verse 7, “Always learning [gnosis], but never able to come to epignosis knowledge of doctrine.” They never get into life beyond gnosis, which is epignosis.
- Sexual Sins.
1.) The bible forbids fornication which is sex committed by an unmarried person. Fornication is prohibited in 1 Cor 6:18 and 1 Thes 4:3. Corinthians has so much to say about fornication, because so many of those Christians were going into heathen temples and fornicating with the temple prostitutes. It was free and was part of the religion as the worship of the Gods.
2.) Adultery is prohibited, Ex 20:14; Deut 5:18. Adultery is sex committed by married persons. See also Prov 6:24-32.
3.) Mental adultery can be committed constantly, as opposed to physical adultery. So, in many ways, mental adultery is worse. It is prohibited in Mat 5:27-28. Mental adultery is perpetual adultery, in contrast to physical adultery which is intermittent.
4.) Incest is sex committed between family members. It is forbidden in Lev 18:6-17; 20:14; Deut 27:20. Believers commit incest!
5.) Homosexuality and lesbianism are sins committed by born-again believers. Homosexuality among men is absolutely a sin, and is forbidden in Lev 18:22, 20:13. Rom 1:26-27 forbids both homosexuality and lesbianism.
6.) Bestiality means to have sex with animals, and it is a sin, Lev 18:23; 20:15.
7.) Pimping and prostitution are sins, and not a legitimate business. They are forbidden in Lev 19:29; Deut 23:17.
8.) Rape is a sin. Rape is defined as superimposing a sexual act on someone who has rejected you. It is generally committed by a male or a group of males. It is forbidden as a sin in Deut 22:25-27.
9.) Some sexual acts that are sins are not mentioned as such in the bible.
a) Necrophilia which is sexual intercourse with a corpse.
b) Pederasty is sexual intercourse between an adult and a child.
c) Voyeurism is sexual gratification by watching others have sexual intercourse.
- Emotional sins.
1.) Fear is an emotional sin.
2.) Worry and anxiety are emotional sins.
3.) Anger is an emotional sin, and is always irrational.
4.) Hatred is an emotional and irrational sin.
5.) Violence is an emotional sin.
6.) Murder is an emotional sin. Murder is related to sins that are not emotional, such as bitterness, jealousy, frustration, etc.
- Other sin categories include sins of legalism, sins of revenge, sins of self-righteousness, sins related to rejection of authority, sins related to crime, sins of irrationality, sins of mental illness, and chemical sins (taking drugs).
1.) Mentally ill people who murder ought to be executed, for they still had the use of their volition and their emotion by which they committed that sin of murder.
2.) Chemical sins include the use of drugs such as opium, heroin, marijuana, cocaine, crack, acid, etc.
Old Testament Categories of Sin are found in Proverb 6:12-19.
- Prov 6:12-19 teaches two categories of sin.
1.) Verses 12-15 address the troublemaker. He is arrogant, jealous, implacable with revenge motivation which is evil. He is a gossip, and guilty of inordinate ambition and inordinate competition. The troublemaker is a disaster in the local church and in any organization. Troublemakers are always uptight. In their own mind, troublemakers are always better than everyone else.
2.) Verse 12, “a worthless person, an evil man is one who walks with a false mouth.” This means that troublemaking is often generated through the mouth in gossip, maligning, and judging. A false mouth emphasizes the sins of the tongue.
3.) Verse 13 teaches that a troublemaker has body language, “he winks with his eye, he signals with his feet, he points with his finger.” Winking means you wink as you run down someone. To signal with the feet means to scrape the feet, a custom we don’t have. It is rude to point the finger. All this is the body language of mockery, ridicule, and derision. A troublemaker gets his kicks by putting other people down. He himself is a slob, but he can put down other people.
4.) Verse 14, “perversity in his right lobe devises evil continually [or a better translation, “malice is in his right lobe; he devises evil at all times”]; he spreads strife.” Perversity is deviation from doctrine. The troublemaker does not go by what the bible says is right and wrong. Some believers evangelize; some believers spread strife.
5.) Verse 15, “therefore, his destruction will come suddenly [divine discipline]; he will be broken instantly and there is no remedy.” First, the troublemaker suffers from self-induced misery, under the law of volitional responsibility, but eventually he gets clobbered with divine discipline in three stages: warning discipline, intensive discipline, and eventually dying discipline. So, either remain a troublemaker and be broken, or depart from it through the rebound technique.
6.) Verses 16-19 list the seven worst sins in God’s eyes. Verse 16, “there are six things which the lord hates; in fact, seven are an abomination to his soul.” As an anthropopathism, hatred describes the policy of God in terms of human modus operandi so we can understand it.
7.) Verse 17, “a proud look, a lying tongue, hands that shed innocent blood,”
a) A proud look is arrogance, which includes everything, e.g., bitterness, jealousy, vindictiveness, implacability, hatred, self-pity, etc.
b) A lying tongue refers to malicious gossip and slander.
c) Hands that shed innocent blood refers to murder.
d) Note the pattern in Verse 17, for it lists the three categories of sin: mental attitude sins, sins of the tongue, and overt sins.
e) Murder is one of only two overt sins listed among the seven worst sins (not fornication). Murder deprives an individual of his right to live given to him by God at birth with the imputation of the spark of life to his soul.
8.) Verse 18, “a right lobe that devises evil conspiracies, feet that run rapidly to evil,”
a) There always frustrated people who become conspiratorial. When authority makes them feel uncomfortable, they do everything they can to undermine authority. This sin refers to children who undermine the authority of their parents, and of anyone else who undermines any authority over them.
b) As a result of conspiracy, there is active civil disobedience. Feet running rapidly to evil refers to the other overt sin which includes criminality, destruction of property and life in the name of some crusade.
9.) Verse 19, “a false witness who utters lies, he who sows discord [strife] between the brethren.”
a) Jews had the greatest system of jurisprudence in history. So, a false witness who lies makes it impossible to bring out the facts.
b) Sowing discord or strife between the brethren refers to playing one person against another.
1 John 5:18-19, Guarding your Soul from Sin:
Οἴδαμεν ὅτι πᾶς ὁ γεγεννημένος ἐκ τοῦ Θεοῦ οὐχ Ηἁμαρτάνει, ἀλλἀ ὁ γεννηθεὶς ἐκ τοῦ Θεοῦ τηρεῖ αὐτόν, καὶ ὁ πονηρὸς οὐχ ἅπτεται αὐτοῦ.
OIDAMEN HOTI PAS HO GEGENNEMENOS EK TOU THEOU OUX HAMARTANEI ALLA HO GENNETHEIS EK TOU THEOU TEREI AUTON KAI HO PONEROS OUX APTETAI AUTOU.
1 John 5:18, “We know that no one who is born of God sins, but He who was born of God keeps him, and the evil one does not touch him.”
Here we are given the necessity for residence inside God’s Power System (GPS); to guard your soul from sin. The outline of verse 18 falls into three parts: 1) The Principle, 2) The Precedent, and 3) The Protection. We begin with:
- The Principle: “We know that the no one who is born of God sins,”
OIDAMEN HOTI PAS HO GEGENNEMENOS EK TOU THEOU OUX HAMARTANEI
OIDAMEN which is the Perfect, Active, Indicative, First Person, Plural of OIDA means, “to know, to have seen, or perceived.”
It is a Perfect with a Present Force Tense indicating what is known at the present time. It is doctrine which has been perceived. To know something now, you had to know or learn it previously. It is Bible doctrine in the believer’s right lobe, by means of the Grace Apparatus for Perception (GAP), as a result of residence and function inside GPS. It comes to mean, “we have learned.” Here John is once again including himself along with believers who have Bible Doctrine resident within their soul. He continues to use this method going back to Verse 13, “you may know,” and the first person plurals of Verses 14 & 15, where in Verse 15 OIDAMEN is also used. Ultimately, John is not saying that they do know this principle of doctrine, but that they should know this doctrine, by using gentle and respectful language; saying that they do know it, because they have learned it in the past.
HOTI is the conjunction meaning, “that.” Usually if any content of what has been learned is going to be discussed, it is followed by HOTI to indicate what the content is that is pertinent to this passage.
PAS is an Adjective in the Subject Nominative, Singular meaning, “all, every, everyone”.
It is used as a Substantive to indicate a category; therefore, it has the force of an indefinite pronoun. It is therefore translated, “anyone”; it is speaking about a category of the human race: anyone who has believed in the Lord Jesus Christ.
HO is the Nominative Singular article for “the,” which is not directly translate in the English translation, but is used as a Relative Pronoun to convert the participle into a relative clause. So, you could say, “THE born,” but in English we don’t use it that way, since we already have the pronoun use of PAS.
GEGENNEMENOS is the Perfect, Passive, Participle in the Nominative case of the verb GENNAO. It means, “to be born.” So, we say, “anyone born” or “anyone who has been born.”
The Dramatic Perfect Tense is the tense of completed action, with emphasis on existing results, with rhetorical application of the OIDAMEN above, used to describe existing results in a very vivid and realistic way.
The Passive Voice says that the believer receives the action of the verb at the moment of salvation. This means every believer receives the action.
The Participle is circumstantial.
EK, is the Genitive Preposition meaning, “from or out from.”
TOU is the Genitive use of article HO for “the”
THEOS the Genitive, Masculine, Singular meaning, “God.” So we say, “anyone born from God.” This is similar to what John said in 1 John 4:6, “We are from God.”
OUX is the Greek negative from OU meaning, “not or does not.”
HAMARTANEI is the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of HAMARTANO that means, “to miss the mark, do wrong, or sin.” This is the main verb, and the action is simultaneous. In other words, the moment the believer believes in the Lord Jesus Christ, there is one thing he cannot do. He can’t be sinning at the same time, because his sins have all been blotted out.
The Instantaneous Present Tense “does not sin” is punctiliar action, indicating the fact that at the moment the believer believes in the Lord Jesus Christ, he cannot sin. At that point in time, he is inside GPS, and he cannot sin. To sin he has to get out of God’s Power System.
The Active Voices tells us the believer produces the action of the verb at the moment of salvation.
The Indicative Mood is declarative for the reality of the doctrine that the believer cannot sin when he is residing inside GPS. In addition, the Indicative Mood is the sign of the main verb. Ordinarily, simultaneous action with the main verb is expressed by the present participle, but because of the permanence of salvation, we have the perfect participle, GEGENNEMENOS, used for simultaneous action with the main verb, and at the moment of salvation (being born again), the believer does not and cannot sin.
Our translation so far is, “We have learned that anyone who has been born from God does not sin, (while inside GPS)”
This is speaking from the standpoint of the moment we are born again and regenerated. At that time, our sins are forgiven and we stand inside GPS. At that time, we also are given a new divine nature through regeneration, (John 3:3, 7; 2 Cor 5:17; Gal 6:15), we are a new Spiritual Species. That new nature in us cannot sin, because it is the nature of Christ, 1 John 3:9; 5:18. In addition, we receive the imputation of God’s perfect Righteousness (+R), 2 Cor 5:21. All combined it creates a sinless nature in us.
John 3:3, “Jesus answered and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.””
2 Cor 5:17, “Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.”
Even though we have regeneration and the new nature of Christ, the believer still has the Old Sin Nature, but it cannot function or control his life apart from his own consent and negative volition. As we have noted in Romans 6 & 7, the Old Sin Nature has not passed away; we have died to it. Therefore, the OSN has lost its power over us. So passed away in 2 Cor 5:17 means, “has been rendered powerless.” Nevertheless, through negative volition, we can step out from GPS and enter back into the Sin Nature, giving it power over us once again. Likewise, by the use of divine omnipotence, we can enter back into God’s Power System by utilizing 1 John 1:9, having been cleansed from our sins.
2 Cor 5:21, “He made Him who knew no sin to be sin (as a substitute) on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.”
1 John 3:9, “No one who is born of God practices sin (in the spiritual life), because His seed (Christ Divine Nature) abides in him (our new divine nature); and he cannot sin (when inside GPS), because he is born of God (spiritual birth, regeneration, Christ’s nature and +R, making us a new spiritual species).”
- At the moment of salvation through faith in Christ, the believer’s past sins are blotted out, he is regenerated and enters into God’s Power System. Isa 43:25, “I, even I, am He who blots out your sins for My own sake; and I will not remember your sins.”
- Inside GPS the believer cannot sin. The moment he believes in Christ is a moment when he cannot sin, that is the main point of this passage.
- Immediately after salvation the believer may be tempted and he may sin, but the moment after salvation, the believer enters GPS and for that moment he cannot sin.
- In order to sin after salvation, the believer must leave GPS by making a decision to pass temptation into his soul where it becomes sin. Temptation from the Old Sin Nature is not sin. It does not become sin until it becomes involved with his volition and his volition passes it through to his soul.
- When the believer sins after salvation, he immediately enters the Cosmic System where his only hope for recovery is the rebound technique, 1 John 1:9.
- The believer cannot sin inside GPS, he must step outside to make the decision. The decision to sin is the ejection from GPS, which places the believer in the Cosmic System.
Eph 2:10, “For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand so that we would walk in them.”
- The Precedent: “but He who was born of God.”
To establish this precedent, we first need to see the contrast that is made in the Greek text. It contrasts two powers that can affect the believer.
In the Greek text, we have ALLA HO GENNETHEIS EK TOU THEOU TEREI AUTON, which literally means, “But the born from the God guards him.”
Then we have the conjunction KAI, “and,” which actually is a connecting conjunction, but it also shows us a contrast between two entities. It sets up the counterpart to, “the born from God”.
The contrasting counterpart is found in the third phase, HO PONEROS OUX APTETAI AUTOU, which literally means, “The evil one does not touch him.”
So, we have “the born from the God guards him” versus “the evil one does not touch him.”
The “him” in both these verses is you and I, the believer, who too is born from God, as established in the first phrase of Verse 18. So, “the born from God” is not referring to the believer, but to someone else. To determine who this is referencing, we go back to the context of this chapter, which is all about identifying Christ in you, 1 John 5:1, 4-6, 9, 11-13. So, Jesus Christ is the subject, who protects us.
So our contrast is between two entities, “the born from God,” Jesus Christ who protects us, and “the evil one,” Satan who is trying to get his hands on us.
Ok so now, we get back to the precedence in Verse 18b: ALLA HO GENNETHEIS EK TOU THEOU
ALLA is the Adversative Conjunction used after a negative to introduce a contrast, “but.” It is used here before an independent clause to indicate the preceding is regarded as a settled matter. The principle is settled. All principles of doctrine are settled. It is the basis for divine mode of operation as far as the Royal Family of God is concerned. So the conjunction forms a transition.
HO, article for “the” used as a Personal Pronoun “he,” while also acting like a relative pronoun, converting the following linked participle into a relative clause. Ultimately, this is referring to the Lord Jesus Christ in His incarnation, as we noted above. So we say, “He”.
GENNETHEIS is the articular Aorist, Passive, Participle in the Nominative Singular of GENNAO, which again means, “to be born.”
The Culminative Aorist views the incarnation, the hypostatic union, in its entirety, but regards it from the viewpoint of existing results; the precedent of Christ living inside God’s Power System. That is the precedent for us as members of the Royal Family of God.
The Passive Voice says our Lord Jesus Christ received the action of the verb though the virgin birth, residence inside GPS, and living out His life impeccably by means of the Word and Spirit. There is the precedent. Inside GPS, it is impossible to sin. Our Lord in His impeccability did not sin there, and neither does the believer.
So we have, “but He who was born.” The action of the Aorist Participle, “He who was born,” precedes the action of the main verb, “guarding / protecting.” The main verb is the guarding of the believer in the Church Age.
EK THEOS is “from God,” a reference to our Lord Jesus Christ, at the time of His incarnation and hypostatic union.
So we have “but He (Jesus Christ) who was born from God.”
Therefore, the precedence is Jesus Christ remaining impeccable inside GPS. The Prototype Spiritual Life.
- Protection: “keeps him, and the evil one does not touch him.”
TEREI AUTON KAI HO PONEROS OUX APTETAI AUTOU
TEREI is the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of TEREO, a familiar word to those following our weeknight studies of John 14:21-23. It means, “keep, observe, to watch over, to guard or to protect.”
John 14:21, “The one (believer) that keeps on having and holding my mandates (Bible Doctrine), and guards what belongs to him is the one who loves Me (TLJC). And the one loving Me will be loved by My Father, and I will love him, and I will make Myself known to him.”
John 14:23, “Jesus answered and said to him, “If (maybe you will and maybe you won’t) anyone loves Me, he will guard (in his soul) My Word (Bible Doctrine); and My Father will love him and We, (the Father and Son), will come face to face with him and We will make our abode (Edification Complex of the Soul) with him.”
In 1 John 5:18, we again see the concept of our temporal security. We have protection or security, because TEREO can be translated “guards” or “protects.”
The Gnomic Present Tense is for what is now going on for the believer who resides inside GPS. It is a timeless general fact that God protects the believer when inside GPS.
The Active Voice tells us Jesus Christ, the God-Man produces the action of the verb in two ways: 1) Through positional truth, and 2) The provision of the operational type GPS for us.
The Declarative Indicative Mood represents the verbal idea from the viewpoint of reality; we are protected by God inside GPS (the filling of the Holy Spirit plus the Word of God resident in our soul).
The Indicative also sets up a main verb. Therefore, Jesus Christ protects us by His Word and Spirit = GPS.
AUTON is the Direct Object Accusative Singular, from the Intensive, Pronoun AUTOS, used for a Personal Pronoun in the Third Person, Masculine, Singular, “him,” that refers to all believers who are inside GPS. So, we say, “guards him.” The King James using a variant HEAUTON as a reflexive pronoun incorrectly translates this “guards himself.” But we cannot guard ourselves, only the Power of God can protect the believer.
KAI, “and” is a conjunction that continues the principle of our protection.
HO the article “the.”
PONEROS means, “toilsome or bad.” Here it is a Pronominal Adjective in the Subject Nominative (substantive) referring to Satan as “the evil one,” the ruler of this world, the inventor of the Cosmic System. Ordinarily, it is used as an adjective, but here it identifies Satan.
OUX, once again is the Greek negative, “not or does not.”
APTETAI is the Present, Middle, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of APTO that means, “fasten to, lay hold of or touch.”
The Customary Present denotes what habitually does not occur when the believer resides and functions inside GPS. Satan cannot touch you while inside GPS. That is why he tiresomely tries to get you outside of GPS.
The Dynamic Middle Voice emphasizes the part taken by the subject in the action of the verb. Satan as the agent produces the action, and he is hindered from that influence through the Cosmic System, when the believer is inside GPS. There is no protection for the believer in the Cosmic System. In the Cosmic System, the believer has become the slave and the servant of Satan. Satan is far smarter than any member of the human race. But there is protection for the believer inside GPS.
AUTOU, “him” is the Objective Genitive of Relationship from AUTOS, which means that only the believer living inside GPS is the recipient of full protection from God.
Translation: “We have learned that anyone who has been born from God does not sin (while inside GPS): but He who was born from God (Jesus Christ; incarnation, virgin birth) protects him (the believer residing in GPS), and the evil one (Satan) does not touch him.”
1 Peter 2:21-25, “For you have been called for this purpose, since Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example for you to follow in His steps, 22WHO COMMITTED NO SIN, NOR WAS ANY DECEIT FOUND IN HIS MOUTH; 23and while being reviled, He did not revile in return; while suffering, He uttered no threats, but kept entrusting Himself to Him who judges righteously; 24and He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, so that we might die to sin and live to righteousness; for by His wounds you were healed. 25For you were continually straying like sheep, but now you have returned to the Shepherd and Guardian (EPISKOPOS, superintendent, overseer, guardian) of your souls.”
Ezek 24:11-16, “For thus says the Lord GOD, “Behold, I Myself will search for My sheep and seek them out. 12“As a shepherd cares for his herd in the day when he is among his scattered sheep, so I will care for My sheep and will deliver them from all the places to which they were scattered on a cloudy and gloomy day. 13“I will bring them out from the peoples and gather them from the countries and bring them to their own land; and I will feed them on the mountains of Israel, by the streams, and in all the inhabited places of the land. 14“I will feed them in a good pasture, and their grazing ground will be on the mountain heights of Israel. There they will lie down on good grazing ground and feed in rich pasture on the mountains of Israel. 15“I will feed My flock and I will lead them to rest,” declares the Lord GOD. 16“I will seek the lost, bring back the scattered, bind up the broken and strengthen the sick; but the fat and the strong I will destroy. I will feed them with judgment.”
Then Verse 19 tells us of divine interpretation for history. This passage is the basis for the correct interpretation of history. There is one word here which is very important, OIDA.
So in Verse 19 we have, “We know that we are of God, and that the whole world lies in the power of the evil one.”
οἴδαμεν ὅτι ἐκ τοῦ Θεοῦ ἐσμεν, καὶ ὁ κόσμος ὅλος ἐν τῷ πονηρῷ κεῖται.
OIDAMEN HOTI EK TOU THEOU ESMEN KAI HO KOSMOS HOLOS EN TO PONERO KEITAI
OIDAMEN is the Prefect, Active, Indicative, First Person, Plural of OIDA that means, “to know.”
Once again, just as in Verse 18, we have the Perfect with a Present Force Tense indicating what is known at the present time. And as you know, to know something now, you had to learn it previously. So the Perfect OIDA is used as a Present tense. It is translated correctly, “We have learned.” It is used for doctrine resident in the right lobe of your soul, through the GAP, while inside GPS. The Perfective Present Tense refers to a fact which has come to be in the past, reception of pertinent doctrine, but is emphasized as a present reality.
The Active Voice: the positive believer residing inside GPS produces the action of the verb.
The Indicative Mood is declarative for the reality of understanding a point of doctrine.
HOTI is a conjunction that means, “that or which.” When used after verbs of perception, it indicates the concept of perception, “that,” or it can even be translated as “quote” to indicate the knowledge that is known.
EK is a Genitive Preposition meaning, “from, out from, or out of,” indicating where something came from; in this case how we became believers.
TOU THEOU is the Article plus the Noun THEOS in the Genitive, Masculine, Singular that means, “God.” The Genitive of Source / Origin coupled with EK says that we are from the source of God. In other words, we are classified as children of God based on our non-meritorious act of faith and the power of God to regenerate us from our spiritually dead state to being spiritually alive in Christ. We are born again believers, the body of Christ, members of the Royal Family of God, “we are from God.”
ESMEN is the Present, Active, Indicative, First Person, Plural of the verb EIMI (is or to be) that means, “we are.” Once again John uses this construction of inclusion that tells us he is addressing all believers including himself.
The Gnomic Present stands for a timeless general fact which perpetually exists. We are from God and that status does not change nor is it dependent on any actions we perform post salvation.
The Active Voice says that the believer produces the action.
The Indicative Mood is declarative for a dogmatic statement of doctrine related to the trends of history and the believer’s ability to interpret history at any time in the geographical area and periphery of his life, as well as the area of life in general.
So far we have, “We have learned that we are from the source of God (believers).”
All believers are from God; yet only those who reside and function inside GPS are aware of it. This awareness becomes the basis for true thanksgiving, true interpretation of history, correct analysis of any situation, the ability to handle one’s own life before the Lord, and inevitably the reason why we are still alive; to glorify the Lord Jesus Christ.
Believers living in the Cosmic System lose all awareness or consciousness of God. This is a part of spiritual malnutrition and reversionism.
KAI is the conjunction for “and, even, or also.”
HO KOSMOS is the Nominative Noun in the Masculine, Singular that means, “the world or world order.” It is not speaking about people or the planet specifically here, but of Satan’s sphere of influence and rule. It is speaking to his Cosmic System as the current ruler of this world.
HOLOS is the Predicate Adjective in the in the Nominative, Masculine, Singular that means, “whole or entire.”
As the Predicate Adjective, it gives great emphasis in the description of the KOSMOS, where we have to add the verb “to be or is.”
Correctly translating HO KOSMOS HOLOS would be, “The world in its entirety,” emphasizing the realm of Satan’s reach. In other words, it’s not just some people or part of the world, but the whole world, all of the people. This includes the believer and unbeliever. That is, we all live or reside in the sphere of Satan’s influence, yet that does not mean that we are all influenced by him. It means we are bombarded by his propaganda each and every day that we remain on planet earth.
EN is the Dative Preposition meaning, “in or within.” It is closely linked with TO PONERO.
TO PONERO is the Article plus the Pronominal Adjective in the Dative, Masculine, Singular of PONEROS that means, “bad or evil.” Linked with EN it is a Dative of Sphere meaning, “in the sphere of or in the realm of.” Also as a Pronominal, it is used as a substantive so we would say the “bad one” or “evil one.”
Altogether, we say, “in the realm of the evil one,” which is a reference to Satan and his Cosmic System; his current rule of this world. Remember that Satan does not own or possess the world. The kingdoms are his but not the planet.
Ownership and possession of the planet lies with its Creator, God. But the rulership of this world is in Satan’s hand. He gained it by leading Adam to sin, (who was given authority over the world by God). That is why we say, “in the realm of the evil one,” or as the NASB translates it, “in the power of the evil one.” Either way “Satan’s Cosmic System” is in view.
KEITAI is the Present, Middle Deponent, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of KEIMAI that means, “to lie, be laid down; be, exist; stand, or be standing.” In context it precedes EN and thus reads “lies in,” where it has the force of “to be under the control or authority of.”
The Gnomic Present Tense represents a condition or general fact that perpetually exists as long as Satan is the ruler of this world. This will be true for the entire Church Age, and therefore all historical trends must be interpreted in terms of the one who is the ruler of this world. Satan is the ruler of this world, and his administrative system is the Cosmic System.
The Middle Deponent Voice emphasizes the agent as producing the action, that is, we all live here on earth and thus reside in the sphere of Satan’s Cosmic System.
The Indicative Mood is declarative for the reality of the fact that the entire world, believers and unbelievers, are within the sphere of influence from Satan’s Cosmic System.
Translation: “We have learned that we (believers) are from God, and the world in its entirety lies in the sphere (under authority) of the evil one (Satan and his cosmic system).”
- Anyone who lives on planet earth until the Millennial Reign of Christ lives within the sphere of influence from Satan’s Cosmic System.
- Even though the believer lives in the sphere of Satan’s Cosmic System, he is not automatically influenced by Satan.
- The believer who operates inside GPS, (made possible through our Lord’s strategic victory on the Cross), repels the influence of Satan’s Cosmic System over his soul.
- Only the believer living under the control of his Sin Nature, in carnality, is influenced by Satan’s Cosmic System.
- Apart from operating according to Divine establishment principles, all unbelievers live and are influenced by Satan’s Cosmic System.
This leads us to understanding the:
Doctrine of Satanic Strategy
A.) The Person of Satan.
- He was the highest ranking of all angels, and is the ruler of all fallen angels Mat 8:28; 9:34; 12:26; Luke 11:18-19. He was called the Anointed Cherub, Ezek 28:14. As such, he held the highest position of all angelic creatures. He is now lower than the Seraphim, which are in command of the elect angels. He is the most perfect and beautiful creature to come from the hand of God. He has a voice like a pipe organ. He is superior in genius, beauty, personality, persuasiveness, and is invisible. As a creature Satan had a throne, Isa 14:13, “I will raise my throne above the stars (angels) of God.”
- He is a prehistoric super-creature, Isa 14:12-17; Ezek 28:11-19. He was so brilliant in his defense during God’s trial that God created man to resolve the conflict.
- He has three falls; two are in the future.
1.) His angelic sin of arrogance in which he said, “I will be like the Most High God.” He revolted against God, taking one-third of all angels with him, Isa 14:13-14; Ezek 28:12-19.
2.) He is cast out of heaven in the middle of the Tribulation, Rev 12:7, 9.
3.) He is cast into the Lake of Fire, Isa 14; Ezek 28; Rev 20:10.
- He has two advents.
1.) His first advent is in the Garden of Eden, Gen 3.
2.) His second advent is when he returns at the end of the Millennium to start a revolt against perfect environment, Rev 20:8. His advents are always related to perfect environment.
- He is the central antagonist of the angelic conflict, Heb 1-2; Gen 6; 1 Peter 3:18-22.
- He is an organizational genius with a great organization of demons, Eph 6:10-12. There are six major demon attacks on the human race.
1.) The attack of man’s soul in the Garden of Eden. Gen 3:1-7
2.) The genetic attack on the antediluvian civilization in Gen 6:1-13.
3.) The attack of demon possession.
4.) The attack of demon influence.
5.) The attack of demon armies in the Tribulation, Rev 9.
6.) The Gog and Magog war at the end of the Millennium, Rev 20:7-9.
- He is the origin of murder and violence in the human race, Gen 6:4-11; John 8:44. He doesn’t play by any rules.
- He is the enemy of Bible doctrine, Mat 13:9, 39; Rev 12:13, 15, and attacks your capacity for life.
- He is the enemy of the Church (the royal family), 1 Peter 5:8; Rev 2:9-13, 24.
- He is the enemy of Christ, Rev 12:4.
- He is the greatest deceiver of history. To be such a deceiver, the devil must be the greatest and most effective liar in history.
John 8:44, “You are of your father the devil, and you want to do the desires of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand for the truth, because there is no truth in him. Whenever he speaks a lie, from his own nature he speaks; because he is a liar, and the father of lies.”
B.) The Rulership of the Devil.
- Satan rules all fallen angels.
- Satan has greater power than any human and rules the world through his cosmic system. Since the fall of Adam, Satan has been the ruler of this world, Luke 4:5-7; John 12:31; 14:30; 16:11; 2 Cor 4:4; Eph 2:2.
1.) The Devil rules all unbelievers through demon possession and demon influence.
2.) The Devil rules certain believers though demon influence (not demon possession) and the involvement of the believer in the cosmic system. This occurs through negative volition in the soul that creates a vacuum in the soul, which sucks the doctrine of demons into the stream of consciousness in the soul.
- However, because of the great power experiment of the Hypostatic Union overflowing into the Church Age, the body of Christ ruled by the head, our Lord Jesus Christ, has received the delegated divine power to resist the devil, as per 1 John 4:4.
1 John 4:4, “Greater is He who is in you (omnipotence of God the Holy Spirit in GPS) than He who is in the world (power of Satan as ruler of the world and cosmic system).”
- As ruler of this world, Satan has two designations since his fall.
1.) Originally, Satan was called Lucifer, the Son of Light. He was the bright and shining angel in the throne room of God, the highest-ranking creature of all time, the most beautiful and attractive in appearance and personality.
2.) Once his fall occurred in prehistoric times, Satan was called SATAN in the Hebrew, which means, “enemy and adversary,” having greater power than we have. However, Satan’s power is not greater than God’s. This reminds us of God’s grace; He has made available to us His power. As humans, we are an inferior, rational creation. All angels are superior to us. Satan is the ARCHON (ruler) of all angels, whose power is therefore far greater than ours.
a) But God has made available to us Church Age believers His power, i.e., the omnipotence of the Father in our Portfolio of Invisible Assets, the omnipotence of God the Son who preserves the universe and history daily, and the omnipotence of God the Holy Spirit who provides the power to execute the Plan of God inside GPS. We have greater power than Satan.
b) Even for the unbeliever, God in His grace has provided a power to resist the power of Satan under the laws of divine establishment.
3.) Satan’s second name is the Greek word DIABOLOS, which means, “slanderer, vituperator, traducer.” One of the functions of the devil as the ruler of this world is to express his antagonism, slander, and enmity, which he does from a position of great beauty and attractiveness.
- Although Satan is far superior to us in every way, God has provided two factors for us in grace.
1.) The protection of the laws of divine establishment. These laws protect the believer’s freedom, privacy, property, and life, as well as the unbelievers. We needed this protection, because the power of Satan as the ruler of this world is far greater than any power we could ever muster. Satan is under restraint now, though this restraint is removed during the Tribulation and its results are evident in the tremendous violence and warfare.
2.) The protection of the Divine Institutions, (freedom of volition, marriage, family and nationalism). Throughout all dispensations, even the Tribulation, man continues to live on the earth, because he is protected by the laws of Divine Establishment, by Divine Institution number three, the family.
a) When there is no Spirit, Bible doctrine or establishment truth circulating in the stream of consciousness of either believers or unbelievers, they will automatically be like their father the devil, a liar and slanderer. When Satan is the mentor of anyone, they have no truth and follow in the function of their mentor. Satan never tells the truth. The power of the truth in your soul, as a believer, is one of the greatest factors in insulating you against the power of Satan.
- Satan works through human beings who are liars.
2 Thes 2:9-10, “That is, the one whose coming is in accord with the activity of Satan, with all power and signs and false wonders, 10and with every deception of unrighteousness for those who perish, because they did not receive the love for the truth with the result that they might be delivered.”
Believers can be deceived just as easily as unbelievers by the satanic strategy.
1.) Two illustrations of the Satanic lie.
Socialism. The basis for socialism in modern history goes back to Sir Thomas Moore in his book “Utopia,” where there was political and social perfection. This is the Devil’s lie. Utopia; therefore, became a synonym for any visionary system of political or social perfection or perfect environment. The theory of utopian socialism is a lie, an economic tinkering with the laws of divine establishment; whereby, a false premise is inculcated, that if capitalism voluntarily surrendered its ownership of the means of production to the State or to workers, unemployment and poverty would be abolished. This is a lie, because people do not understand that capital and investment creates jobs, not the government. The theory establishes slavery to the State rather than freedom of self-determination with the government protecting that freedom.
In an article by Ron Merryman (Merryman Ministries, Casa Grande, AZ, www.merrymanministries.com), he noted, four threats by government against the “protection of conscience”, (i.e. freedom of volition).
To begin we note scripture.
1 Tim 4:1-2, “But the Spirit explicitly says that in later times some will fall away from the faith, paying attention to deceitful spirits and doctrines of demons, 2by means of the hypocrisy of liars seared in their own conscience as with a branding iron.”
a) Hiring Protection Rights Threatened– In 1964 Title VII of the Civil Rights Act protected religious organizations to hire based on religious beliefs and affiliation. This protected them from being forced by the state to hire individuals who disagree with or are antagonistic towards their doctrines. After 1964 congress further strengthened these protections declaring “Any… religious corporation, association, educational institution, or society could consider the applicants’ religious faith during the hiring process.” The Supreme Court upheld this hiring protection in 1987. Nevertheless, despite these historical precedents, this past February 2009, the current administration announced it would no longer extend theses protection under the “Employment Non-Discrimination Act.” This would prohibit discrimination based upon sexual orientation. This mandates that religious groups no longer have the right to higher based on the faith or beliefs of the applicant and would fully repeal “faith-based hiring protections.” This is an attack on the theological autonomy of the churches, synagogues and faith-based corporations.
b) Medical workers Rights-of-Conscience Threatened. That means that medical workers who refuse to perform certain procedures that they believe are unethical or immoral, (things such as; cloning, surrogate motherhood, euthanasia, abortions, embryonic stem cell procedures, etc.), would now be forced to perform those procedures or lose their job. Previously they were protected by law to have freedom of conscience, but that is changing.
c) Tax / Stimulus Legislationspecifically denied stimulus funds to renovate higher educational facilities, 1) used for sectarian instruction or religious worship, or 2) in which a substantial portion of function of the facilities are subsumed in a religious mission.” Therefore, any college that receives moneys from this bill for renovations dare not exercise organized daily or periodical prayer in them. In addition, the 2010 proposed budget will limit tax deductions for charitable contributions from 100% to 93%.
d) Hate Law Legislation: Defining Hate Crimes. Anyone opposed to the homosexual lifestyle can expect to be labeled “hateful” or “hate monger.” And as other countries have done, this would be accompanied with fines and jail time.
The sad part to all of this is that people have fought wars and died over the centuries to gain these freedoms we enjoy today. Yet with a stroke of a pen, many, if not all of our freedoms will be erased as we head towards a socialistic state. From a humanistic viewpoint, the above seem like righteousness. Yet, from a Biblical perspective we see our God given freedom of conscience falling to the wayside as part of the devil’s lie.
2 Cor 11:3, “But I am afraid, lest as the serpent deceived Eve by his craftiness, your minds should be led astray from the purity and virtue which belongs to Christ.”
Two other recent issues noted by Koinonia (fellowship) House ministries show how the freedom of conscience is being eroded.
a) Principal’s Prayer Did Not Violate Order– September 18, 2009. Judge M. Case Rodgers ruled Sept 17th that Pace High School, Principal, Frank Lay, and Athletic Director, Robert Freeman did not violate a 2008 agreement with the American Civil Liberties Union that was approved by the court. Rodgers said the prayer at a field house dedication during the school day that was held on church property was spontaneous, and there was seemingly no intent to violate the order. The men could have faced up to six months in jail and $5,000 each in fines if the judge had ruled differently. AP
Therefore, it is now a punishable crime to pray in public assemblies.
b) FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND THE UN; After Muslims rioted in Europe over cartoons depicting Mohammed, Muslim countries pressed the United Nations to pass a resolution condemning articles or cartoons that defame Islam. In an effort to reach out to Muslim countries, the Obama Administration has recently backed a UN resolution that on one hand states that freedom of speech is essential, and yet condemns attacks on religion. The resolution is no law in itself, and is mostly a feel-good concession to Islamic nations, but it is a far cry from promoting true freedom of religion and religious expression in already oppressive Middle East countries.
Certain forms of “expression” are understandably outlawed in a healthy society. Religious viewpoints, on the other hand, are absolutely protected free speech. Americans support freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and freedom of the press, which means allowing those freedoms even when we disagree with what is said.
In fact, religion and politics are two things that should be specifically open to criticism; because they are areas in which it is vital that humans have solid understanding of what is true and good. In the spirit of hacking out the truth or the best policy, people are allowed to say what they think – no matter how offensive one person’s religious or political views are. We have to remember that the Truth is often considered offensive, and when we start censoring one group, we all are endangered.
By backing Muslim calls for limiting freedom of speech, when it comes to religion, the US has given a moral victory to those countries where human rights are regularly abused in the name of Islam.
James Heiser comments:
“The administration’s position should hardly be a shock because the Left almost always speaks of “rights” in terms of group identity — not the individual. Thus, every right must be evaluated in terms of identity politics and class struggle (white vs. black, male vs. female, rich vs. poor, bourgeoisie vs. proletariat) and described in terms of victimization and liberation. For the Left, the individual does not have identity or rights — such things are possessions of the collective to which one belongs. Therefore, the administration’s position enunciated before the UN Human Rights Council coincides with the interests of Islamists: silencing critics of Islam by making it impossible to criticize their perverse (by Western standards) and militant worldview.”
The UN Human Rights Council passed the resolution last Friday, Oct. 9, 2009. Christian groups have already launched a campaign to protect Christians in Islamic lands. The resolution is seen as a danger to religious minorities and dissenters.
- Christian Activism. The Devil sponsors Christian activism, on the one hand, to clean up his Cosmos, while arrogance skills from your Old Sin Nature sponsor Christian activism on the other hand.
Truth brings purity and virtue to the unbeliever and believer respectively. Our Lord did not become involved in activism (“deliver us from the Romans”), and we take our precedence for the Church Age from the Hypostatic union. Satan’s objective is to distract you from the spiritual skills to the political solution. Ultimately it is truth that causes Satan to flee.
James 4:7, “Submit therefore to God. Resist the devil and he will flee from you.”
Rom 12:2-3, “Stop being conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renovation of your thought, that you may prove what the will of God is, that which is good and acceptable and perfect. 3For I say through the grace which has been given to me to every one who is among you stop thinking of self in terms of arrogance beyond what you ought to think; but think in terms of sanity for the purpose of being rational without illusion, as God has assigned to each one of us a standard of thinking from doctrine.”
The basis for all satanic religions has always been human sacrifice, and the basis for human sacrifice is always a satanic lie. Activism is a way of thinking of self in terms of arrogance. Thinking in terms of sanity is thinking truth.
Unfortunately, the things I have mentioned today are occurring, because the truth is disappearing from our society, because Christians are failing in their ambassadorship. Even though we see the symptoms, let us not forget to deal with the illness. We need to get the gospel message out into the hearts of every person. That is our role as a local assembly. That is our role as individual ambassadors for the Lord Jesus Christ.
Eph 6:20, “For which I am an ambassador in chains; that in proclaiming it I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak.”
Rom 1:16-17, “For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. 17For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, “BUT THE RIGHTEOUS man SHALL LIVE BY FAITH.””
- Satan expresses his antagonism, slander, and enmity toward the following things:
1.) Satan is the enemy of Israel. All anti-Semitism is satanic. Rev 12:4, 13, 15 specifically documents this. In every generation, he uses all his power to destroy Israel, but he will never succeed. Beware of anti-Semitism, for it has destroyed so many nations, such as Spain from its Inquisition of Torquemada, and almost France from its Edict of Nantes.
2.) Satan is the enemy of all unbelievers. He is the greatest deceiver of all time. In 2 Cor 4:3-4, he blinds the minds of unbelievers, which is demon influence or the demonization of the soul. When the unbeliever rejects Christ as Savior, he opens himself to the opportunity of demon influence.
2 Cor 4:3-4, “If our Gospel be hidden, it is hidden to them that are lost, in whom the god of this world (Satan) has blinded the minds of those who do not believe, so that they might not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.” Cf. Col 2:8.
a) 2 Thes 2:7-10adds some reasons as to why people remain unbelievers. One is because they are impressed with miracles. Satan is in the miracle-performing business, with a bag full of tricks. He knows that many people are stupid and impressed with miracles. For example, demons can produce illness (Mark 5), and then be removed to imitate a miraculous healing. People are entertained by miracles.
3.) Satan is specifically the enemy of the Church, the Royal Family of God, the new spiritual species, the body of Christ, because God has done more for the individual believer in the Church Age than ever before, Rev 2:9, 13, 24.
a) The Church is unique because we are the Royal Family for our Lord’s third royal warrant, a direct result of His strategic victory in Hypostatic Union. These unique things, given to the ordinary Christian, make his life the battleground for this dispensation. Through the forty things given to us at salvation, we are designed to be a battleground to win a tactical victory to complement our Lord’s strategic victory.
4.) Satan is the enemy of the Church Age believer, 2 Cor 2:11, 11:3; Eph 6:10-12; James 4:6-10; 1 Peter 5:6-9.
2 Cor 11:3, “But I am afraid that, as the serpent deceived Eve by his craftiness, your minds will be led astray from the simplicity and purity of devotion to Christ.”
5.) Satan is opposed to Bible doctrine. He’s always trying to distort it or distract us from it, as is taught in Mat 13:9-39.
6.) Satan is the enemy of the great power experiment of the Hypostatic Union, Rev 12:4. The Hypostatic Union alone caused Satan greater frustration than almost anything that has ever happened to him.
7.) Satan is the chief antagonist in the extension of the angelic conflict into human history, Heb 1-2.
8.) Satan is the enemy of nationalism, which he often opposes with internationalism. This is because nationalism is divine institution number four. Divine institutions are designed to keep the human race, believer and unbeliever alike, from destroying themselves. The world is now divided into nations. Prior to this division, the human race almost destroyed itself. The first United Nations is found in Gen 11:1-9, and it almost destroyed mankind. That Satan is the enemy of nations in found in Rev 12:9, 20:3, 8, “And he will go out to deceive the nations in the four corners of the earth.”
9.) All world systems apart from the laws of divine establishment are a part of Satanic policy and administration, 1 John 4:19. All environmental programs, socialism, and welfare programs are of Satanic origin.
C.) Satan’s Cosmic System
Definition: The cosmic system is Satan’s strategy as the ruler of this world to control believers and unbelievers. It is his policy for the rulership of this world. It is composed of two separate agendas.
- Cosmic one is Satan’s exploitation of believers through their own arrogance. This is his means of controlling the human race. Satan invented arrogance, for arrogance was his original sin.
- Cosmic two is Satan’s propaganda and indoctrination college to educate and promote antagonism toward anything related to God, especially the grace of God, Rom 16:17-18; Eph 4:14; 1 Tim 1:3-4.
1.) Cosmic one emphasizes self in contrast to God. Cosmic two emphasizes the human viewpoint of psychological living in contrast to the divine viewpoint of spiritual living.
2.) Cosmic one is Satan’s philosophy in the prehistoric angelic conflict. Cosmic two is Satan’s philosophy in human history as the ruler of this world. Both are employed throughout human history to negatively influence individuals and cause antagonism toward God’s Word and Plan.
3.) Only through the perception, metabolization, and application of Bible doctrine do believers have any hope of becoming tactically victorious, complementing our Lord’s strategic victory in the angelic conflict.
The influence of the cosmic system on the believer in Jesus Christ.
- Because of the indwelling of all three members of the Godhead, the believer cannot be demon possessed. The believer is not vulnerable to the demonization of his body.
- However, the believer can come under demon influence. Demon influence is the invasion of the soul with satanic propaganda, the doctrine of demons, 2 Cor 11:13-15; 1 Tim 4:1-2; 2 Tim 4:3-4.
1 Tim 4:1-2, “But the Spirit explicitly says that in later times some will fall away from the faith, paying attention to deceitful spirits and doctrines of demons, 2by means of the hypocrisy of liars seared in their own conscience as with a branding iron.”
2 Cor 11:13-15, “For such men are false apostles, deceitful workers, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ. 14No wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light. 15Therefore it is not surprising if his servants also disguise themselves as servants of righteousness, whose end will be according to their deeds.”
- Demon influence is the demonization of the soul through the thought content of the cosmic system. The thinking and emotions of the soul are controlled by life in Satan’s cosmic system. Both believer and unbeliever are vulnerable to the invasion of demon doctrine into their souls through cosmic involvement.
- The Bible warns believers against the demonization of their soul, 1 Cor 10:21; 1 Peter 5:1-11; 1 John 2:15-16.
- The believer can also be influenced by psychological living, which is life without God. It is possible for the believer to become so involved in the viewpoint of psychology that he is influenced by psychological living.
1.) Christians can actually live without having a relationship with God and without being in the plan of God.
2.) One of the great issues in the Christian way of life is spiritual living versus psychological living. Spiritual living occurs inside God’s Power System; psychological living occurs inside the cosmic system.
- The issue of spiritual living versus cosmic living is given in James 4:6-8.
James 4:6-8, “But He gives a greater grace. Therefore it (Prov 3:34) says, “‘God is opposed to the proud, but gives grace to the humble.’ 7Submit therefore to God. Resist the devil and he will flee from you. 8Draw near to God and He will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners; and purify your hearts, you double-minded.”
1.) You resist the devil by:
a) Resisting temptation and remaining inside GPS.
b) Rebounding, (i.e., naming your sins to God.), getting out of the cosmic system and getting back into GPS.
c) Persisting in the cognition of Bible doctrine. In spiritual childhood, this is “renewing you mind”, Rom 12:2. In spiritual adulthood, it is cognition and application of metabolized doctrine, thus fulfilling the Plan of God.
d) Maintaining momentum in the spiritual life. This will lead to momentum in the Spiritual life and “drawing near to God.”
1 John 5:20, Jesus Christ is the True God:
The Greek reads as follows:
οἴδαμεν δὲ ὅτι ὁ Υἱὸς τοῦ Θεοῦ ἥκει, καὶ δέδωκεν ἡμῖν διάνοιαν ἵνα γινώσκωμεν* τὸν ἀληθινόν· καὶ ἐσμὲν ἐν τῷ ἀληθινῷ, ἐν τῷ Υἱῷ αὐτοῦ Ἰησοῦ Χριστῷ. οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ ἀληθινὸς Θεὸς καὶ ζωὴ αἰώνιος.
The transliteration into English is:
OIDAMEN DE HOTI HO HUIOS TOU THEOU HEKEI KAI DEDOKEN HEMIN DIANOIAN HINA GINOSKOMEN TON ALETHINON, KAI ESMEN EN TO ALETHINO EN TO HUIO AUTOU IESOU CHRISTO. HOUTOS ESTIN HO ALETHINOS THEOS KAI ZOE AIONIOS.
1 John 5:20, “And we know that the Son of God has come, and has given us understanding, in order that we might know Him who is true, and we are in Him who is true, In His Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God and eternal life.”
OIDAMEN is the Perfect, Active, Indicative, First Person, Plural of the verb OIDA that means, “to have seen or perceived, and therefore, to know.” This is the third verse in a row that John has begun with OIDAMEN, as he continues to emphasize the past learning of Bible Doctrine that results in present understanding.
As we have noted, the Perfect with a Present Force Tense brings this out. It is completed past action, (perception of pertinent Bible doctrine), with results that continue at that present time, (application to the current situation).
The Active Voice says that the positive believer residing and functioning inside of GPS produces the action of the verb.
The Indicative Mood is declarative for the reality of understanding Christology, especially the First Advent, the incarnation, the virgin birth, the hypostatic union, the impeccability of the humanity of Christ inside the prototype GPS, and all of these things in application to Christian living. Therefore, “we have learned and continue to know” is the concept but we translate this as, “We know.”
The manner in which the Bible is learned, the manner in which the believer gains momentum in the spiritual life is a Pastor-Teacher communicating Bible doctrine to him/her. Learning is achieved under the principle of strict academic discipline. Learning Bible doctrine is the only way to correctly execute the spiritual life, apply divine viewpoint, and understand what is happening inside of Satan’s Cosmic System.
DE is the conjunction that can mean, “but, to the contrary, rather, and, now, then, so, etc.” Here it is used to conclude the three points of Doctrine John has noted in Verses 18, 19, and now 20. In the English it precedes OIDAMEN, so we will say, “And, in conclusion, we know.”
HOTI is the Conjunction for “that,” which follows a verb of perception in order to give the content.
HO HUIOS is the Subject Nominative, Singular noun meaning, “the Son,” referring to Jesus Christ.
TOU THEOU is in the Genitive, Singular of the noun THEOS, so we say, “of the God.”
HO HUIOS TOU THEOU is the fourth time in this epistle that John has identified Christ in this way, 1 John 3:8; 4:15; 5:5 and here. He also used this phrase five times in his gospel, John 1:34, 49; 11:4, 27; 20:31, and once in the book of Revelation, 2:18.
John 1:34, “I myself have seen, and have testified that this is the Son of God.”
John 1:49, “Nathanael answered Him, ‘Rabbi, You are the Son of God; You are the King of Israel.’”
John 20:31, “But these have been written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing you may have life in His name.”
John is reminding them that this is the doctrine they have learned and are being reminded to refute the antagonism by the Gnostics, who denied Jesus was the Son of God. As we have noted, the denial was also later made by the Arians in the early church, and today it is the Jehovah Witnesses, Mormons, Muslims, Buddhists, etc. of organized religion, never mind those that just don’t believe period. In contrast to these “we,” Christians, believers in the Lord Jesus Christ, do know these things and need to hold on to them.
My good friend Babs Enoch who lives in northern Nigeria wrote me this week and thanked me for the doctrine of the Trinity I taught this past month. He said that the doctrine of the Deity of Jesus Christ is greatly attack by the Islamic community who teach Jesus is just a prophet which has had an effect on the “Christian” churches there, where the pastors are being sucked into that false teaching and denying the Deity of Christ. Pray for him and all the others who live in nations where great antagonism exists, as they continue to teach the truth about Christ.
HEKEI is the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person Singular of the verb HEKO that means, “to have come or be present or to arrive.” It is speaking of Christ’s First Advent so we say, “Is come” or “He has come.”
This is quite different from the usual word used for the First and Second Advents of Christ, which is ERCHOMAI. ERCHOMAI denotes a state, and therefore has the force of a perfect tense, but HEKO is simply historical arrival.
The Perfective Present emphasizes that the results of past action are still continuing.
The Active Voice, Jesus Christ produces the action, as a result of His incarnation. The
Indicative mood is for the reality of His First Advent.
This refers to the incarnation of Christ, His First Advent, a point of doctrine; a fact of doctrine on which historical objectivity, as well as current objective realities are assigned. Therefore, it becomes important to appreciate the fact that everything that is involved in the Christian way of life, God’s game plan for the Church Age, is based on the First Advent, not the Second. This then is a declaration for the reality of the incarnation. And this phrase emphasizes the importance of understanding the First Advent of Christ and its relationship to the Church Age.
Thus far we have, “And, in conclusion, we know that the Son of God has come (has arrived).”
KAI is the Conjunction for “and, even, or also.” Here it links what we were just reminded of about Jesus, that He is the Son of God, with the following information.
DEDOKEN is the Perfect, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of the verb DIDOMI that means, “to give.” In the Perfect, 3rd Person, it is “He has given.”
The Intensive Perfect Tense emphasizes the results or present state produced by a past action. The action is contemplated from the viewpoint of present time and focuses on the resultant state; that is our understanding of the Person of Christ and His work for our salvation, which is explain later in this passage.
The Active Voice tells us Jesus Christ produces the action of the verb, He is the one who came to reveal the Father’s Plan for salvation. He has revealed the Father to us. He has given us His Word which further explains them, and He has sent His Spirit that teaches us these things through the Grace Apparatus for Perception (GAP).
The Indicative Mood is declarative for the reality of perception of Bible doctrine while inside GPS and the momentum that results in objective reality in life, (Divine viewpoint in the Christian way of life).
HEMIN is the First Person Plural of the Pronoun EGO, “I,” in the Dative of Indirect Object Case which means “to us.” It indicates in whose interest Jesus Christ has given His knowledge of God’s Plan; that is the believer of the Church Age.
DIANOIAN (dee-an’-oy-an) is the Accusative, Singular Noun from DIANOIA which means, “the mind, disposition, thought, intention, or purpose.”
Thayer defines it as, “the mind as a faculty of understanding.”
BAGD defines it as, “the faculty of thinking, comprehending and reasoning, understanding, intelligence and mind.”
Specifically, here it is used as “insight.” It is a compound word from DIA that means, “through” and NOEO which is from NOUS and means, “to think or perceive.”
So, we can say that Jesus Christ has given the believer spiritual intelligence, a faculty of perception or insight as to who He is, and that He is God. This Godly insight or “divine viewpoint” is then far superior to the worldly knowledge or “human viewpoint” cultivated by the Gnostics in John’s day, and in unbelievers today. So it means, “reality as opposed to fiction or imagination.”
DIANOIAN is used to describe the worldly thinker, the unbeliever, who does not have the insight or understanding of God’s Word, and therefore of His Plan in Eph 4:18, “Being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart.”
Likewise, Rom 1:25 states, “For they exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen.”
In contrast, the believer who resides inside GPS has the mind or thinking of Christ according to 1 Cor 2:16, and therefore knows God and His Plan.
So far, we have, “And in conclusion, we know that the Son of God has come (has arrived), and He has given to us insight….”
HINA is the Conjunction of Purpose and means, “in order that.” This establishes a purpose clause. The purpose for Jesus Christ’s thinking to be resident within our soul.
GINOSKOMEN is the Present, Active, Subjunctive, First Person, Plural of GINOSKO that means, “to come to know, recognize, or perceive.”
BAGD notes that: it is related to familiarity acquired through experience or association with the person or thing. So, it means, “to arrive at a knowledge of someone or something, know, know about, make acquaintance of.”
The Customary Present Tense denotes what habitually occurs when the believer resides and functions inside GPS; you enter into a more intimate knowledge and understand of God and His Plan for your life, and therefore you enter into a more intimate relationship with Him.
The Active Voice tells us the believer produces the action of knowing God.
The Subjunctive Mood linked with HINA above, as a purpose clause, focuses on the intention as the action, to know God whether accomplished or not. So the intention is a positive one that “we might know God,” but it’s not an absolute reality because of our volition. Therefore, we also have potential, because while the opportunity is there, the issue in the Angelic Conflict is your free will, your priesthood.
Therefore, the Customary Present recognizes what habitually occurs when the believer resides and functions inside GPS.
The Subjunctive of Purpose says that the believer is intended to live in GPS, learn doctrine, advance to maturity, manufacture virtue, and as a result have peace and great happiness in life; but the intention is potential depending upon individual self-motivation and personal, private, daily decisions before the Lord.
So, we will say, “We might come to know.”
You cannot function and operate and honor the Lord on the basis of someone else’s priesthood; you are your own priest and must make your own decisions.
TON ALETHINON, is the Article plus the Adjective in the Direct Object Accusative, Singular of ALETHINOS that means, “true, real, being real, genuine, or authentic.”
BAGD states, of Christian perspective of God in contrast to other deities who are not real. This is in line with John’s closing warning of verse 21. Therefore, John is focusing our attention on identifying Jesus Christ the real, true, and genuine God. He continues to prove and emphasize the Deity of Jesus Christ.
R.B. Thieme Jr. states, “In the Attic Greek usage it means true and correct. It was used for a judicial verdict which was true and correct. Following the technical use in Hellenistic, philosophical speculation, its correct translation has been buried by centuries of stupidity. It really means “objective reality”—“so that we might understand objective reality” [the true, the correct, the genuine in life, in history].”
In the context of John’s writings, it means,” to have objective reality to see and know the real Christ, “the True One,” versus being part of the crowd that deals in subjective reality as members of, as Verse 19 states, “the world that lies in the sphere of the evil one,” Satan’s Cosmic System, those who are blinded to the truth.
We will translate this, “in order that we might come to know the True One.” Compare with John 1:1-18
The Gnostics boasted of knowing in the lofty transcendental region of abstract speculation about the divine nature, but John wants us to be knowing in the humbler yet truly higher and holier experience of real, direct, personal acquaintance and fellowship with the Divine Being of Jesus Christ.
John 1:9, “There was the true Light which, coming into the world, enlightens every man.”
John 1:14, “And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth.”
John 1:17-18, “For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth were realized through Jesus Christ. 18No one has seen God at any time; the only begotten God who is in the bosom of the Father, He has explained Him.”
John 14:6, “Jesus said to him, ‘I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me’.”
The verse continues with, καὶ ἐσμὲν ἐν τῷ ἀληθινῷ, ἐν τῷ Υἱῷ αὐτοῦ Ἰησοῦ Χριστῷ.
KAI ESMEN EN TO ALETHINO EN TO HUIO AUTOU IESOU CHRISTO.
In this section, we see John continuing to prove who Jesus Christ is by reminding the believer of His attributes and our position in Him. As a result, the believer should stand confidently in their position in Christ and not be swayed by the false teachings that are in the world.
Note that throughout this verse, it is speaking about Jesus Christ. He is the subject throughout. The only mention of God the Father is in identifying Jesus as His Son. This verse does not jump back and forth between speaking about the Son, then the Father, and then the Son. The Son of God is the subject throughout as we will see by the Greek text that follows.
KAI is the Coordinating Conjunction for “and, even, or also.” It links what was just said about Christ, (He is God, He is the Son of God, His Incarnation, He has given the believer insight to the spiritual life and our relationship with Him, and that He is the True God), with the following statements regarding Him. It begins a series of descriptive clauses, reinforcing the insight we have been given by Christ.
ESMEN is the Present, Active, Indicative, First Person, Plural of EIMI. Because of the first person, plural it means, “we are,” speaking of all believers in the Lord Jesus Christ, as John has consistently done through this chapter.
The Stative Customary Present Tense tells us of an ongoing state of being.
This could also be a Gnomic Present for a general timeless fact. In other words, the believer is always in union with Jesus Christ.
The Stative Active Voice tells us the believer exists in the state of being in the Sphere of The True One.
The Indicative Mood is declarative of the reality of the believer’s eternal position in Christ.
EN TO ALETHINO is a prepositional phrase in the Dative of Sphere case. It begins with the Preposition that means, “in” or “in the sphere of.”
Then, we have the Article for “the,” with the Pronominal Adjective of ALETHINOS that means, “true, real, or genuine,” but here as a pronoun “True One.” The pronominal use of the adjective acts like a noun or substantive.
So, the “True One,” another proof that Jesus Christ is God, because only God is Veracity – all truth.
This phrase is in contrast to the phrase in Verse 19, where it says, “EN TO PONERO”, or “in the sphere of the Evil One,” while here in Verse 20, we have, “EN TO ALETHINO,” or “in the sphere of the True One.” That is our contrast. The whole world lies in the sphere of Satan’s Cosmic System, but you and I, as do all believers, reside inside the Sphere of the True One, our Lord Jesus Christ who is God.
So we have “And we are in the sphere of The True One,” which ends with a comma.
This axiom is solidified in the next Dative Prepositional phrase EN TO HUIO AUTOU IESOU CHRISTO.
EN once again is the Preposition that means, “in” in the Dative of Sphere. So we say, “in the sphere of,” which continues the description and identification of the Lord Jesus Christ.
TO HUIO is the Dative Article for “the” and the Dative, Masculine, Singular, Noun of HUIOS that means, “Son.”
AUTOU is the Genitive of Relationship, Masculine, Singular of the Third Person, Personal Pronoun of AUTOS that means, “of Him” or “His.” It is a reference to God as the Father of Jesus Christ. Notice that this is the only Third Person Personal Pronoun in this passage. Even though the English translation has two prior Accusative Indirect Object uses of the Third Person Personal Pronoun, this is the only one from the Greek. The English translations added the Pronouns for context, but in doing so, created confusion as to who is being addressed, God the Father or God the Son. But the Greek does not make that confusion, because the only 3rd Person Personal Pronoun is here in the Genitive showing that Jesus is God’s Son. Otherwise, Jesus is identified as “The True One,” which identifies His Deity, because only God is absolute truth. Only God is Veracity, or as we say, “all truth.” We will see more of this grammatical discussion below with the word HOUTOS.
IESOU is the Dative, Masculine, Singular of IESOUS meaning, “Jesus” that comes from the Hebrew, YEHOSHUA, Jehoshua, or Joshua, and literally means, “Savior.”
CHRISTO is also the Dative, Masculine, Singular of CHRISTOS that means, “Christ,” or literally, “the Anointed One,” which is equivalent to the Hebrew, “Messiah.” Notice that the Dative Case is used to type in “EN HUIOS with IESOU CHRISTO.”
“In the sphere of the Son, Jesus Christ.” And the Greek has the Genitive AUTOU “of Him” identifying Jesus as the Son of God.
So, we have, “in the sphere of His (God the Father’s) Son Jesus Christ.”
Here the identification of the “True One” is made. The True One is Jesus Christ, who is God, and is also the Son of God. As John said in the first part of this verse, He is the One who “is come,” “has given us insight” to His thinking (the Word of God), so that “we might know” Jesus Christ personally, that Jesus Christ is God Himself and that we are in Union with Him forever.
We are given this information so that we can stand assured of our position in Christ, and therefore our position in God as members of His Royal Family. That wisdom, knowledge, understanding, or insight is our objective reality or Divine Viewpoint. It is the dogmatic fact of reality for the believer, as stated by the everlasting and absolutely truthful Word of God.
Finally, we have the second sentence in Verse 20, “οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ ἀληθινὸς Θεὸς καὶ ζωὴ αἰώνιος.”
HOUTOS ESTIN HO ALETHINOS THEOS KAI ZOE AIONIOS.
HOUTOS is the Subject Nominative, Singular of the near Demonstrative Pronoun that means, “this” or “This One.” It is a reference to the Person who both Gnostics and Christians agree is the Son of God, and that is Jesus Christ, (even though the Gnostics deny His Deity). So John is proving the case that “This One,” the Son of God, Jesus Christ is the “True One,” which means that He is God.
Some believe that HOUTOS is referencing God the Father based on the language used, but there is equal, if not greater reason, for the text to be referencing Christ.
See Wallace’s discussion of this in (Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics, pg.326-327, Zondervan 1996).
ESTIN is the Present, Active, Indicative, Third Person, Singular of EIMI which means, “He is.” This is another reference to Jesus Christ as John wraps up his proof that He is God.
The Stative Present represents a condition of perpetual existence.
The Active Voice says that our Lord Jesus Christ produces the action.
The Indicative Mood is declarative for a dogmatic statement of doctrine.
The dogmatic statement of doctrine is found in the Predicate Nominative composed of the following three words.
HO ALETHINOS which is the article for “the,” plus the Predicate Adjective translated “true.” Notice this is not a Pronominal this time, as it was earlier in the Dative Case. John has already identified the subject of the sentence with the Demonstrative Pronoun HOUTOS. Now he is telling us something about who “This One” is.
THEOS is the Predicate Nominative Noun which means, “God.” So, here we have it. “This One,” the “True One,” who is the “Son of God,” who is also the person “Jesus Christ,” is God Himself.
“This One, He is the true God.”
Finally, we have one more phrase that brings it home.
KAI is the connecting conjunction, “and, even, or also,” tying in what we just learned
ZOE is another predicate Nominative noun meaning, “life.”
AIONIOS is the Nominative Adjective that means, “eternal.” This tells us that Jesus Christ is eternal life Himself. It is an essence He possesses which is also an essence of God. Therefore, once again, we see that Jesus Christ is God. It also tells us who eternal life is through. It is through the True One, the God/Man, Jesus Christ.
So, we have, “This One, He is the true God and eternal life.”
Our complete translation is, “And in conclusion, we know that the Son of God has come (First Advent), and He has given us insight in order that we might know the True One, and we are in the sphere of the True One, in the sphere of His (God the Father’s) Son Jesus Christ. This One (Jesus Christ), He is the true God and eternal life.”
This leads us to understanding:
Our Union With / Residing in the Sphere of the Lord Jesus Christ.
Gal 2:20, “I have been crucified with Christ; and it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me (union with Jesus Christ); and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself up for me.”
- Our union with Jesus Christ is related to the Indwelling Christ which occurred at the moment of your salvation, John 14:20; Rom 8:10.
- The indwelling of Christ is made possible by the Baptism and Indwelling of the Holy Spirit, Mat 3:11; Mark 1:8; Acts 1:5; 1 Cor 12:13.
1.) At the point of salvation, the Holy Spirit places us in union with Christ, Eph 1:13 23. That is what we call “Current Positional Truth,” meaning we are currently identified with Christ, and we share everything He has: heirship, Sonship, righteousness, eternal life, election, destiny, as members of the Royal Family of God.
2.) In addition to Current Positional Truth (CPT), which is identification with Christ in His resurrection, ascension, and session (His current status), we are also identified with Christ in His death and burial. This is called “Retroactive Positional Truth” (RPT). Therefore we are identified with the Cross of Jesus Christ. The place where our sins were paid for.
a) RPT is accomplished through the same mechanics of the Baptism of the Holy Spirit.
- While RPT is identification with Christ in His physical death and burial, there is also great emphasis on identification with Christ in His spiritual death on the cross.
- While God the Father imputed all the sins in human history to Jesus Christ on the Cross and judged every one of them, two things were rejected and not judged on the Cross: human good and evil. These will be judged at the BEMA seat of Christ for the believer, 1 Cor 3:10-16, and at the Great White Throne Judgment of the unbeliever, Rev 20:11-15.
- The basis for salvation is the imputation of all sins in human history, to Christ on the Cross, followed by their judgment by God the Father, 1 Pet 2:24; 2 Cor 5:21.
- The basis for union with Jesus Christ is the individual’s non-meritorious faith, belief or trust in the work of the Son and the Father at the Cross, Eph 2:8-9, John 3:16, Acts 16:31. As a result of our faith in the work of the Cross, we are positionally placed in Union with Jesus Christ and receive His indwelling.
- The basis for the believer’s daily walk with Christ also starts at the Cross, where we need to confess our sins as we commit them. When we do, we are walking experientially in the sphere of our union with Jesus Christ. This is called Experiential Sanctification.
Click Here to See –> Sanctification Power Point Presentation.
- Experiential Sanctification also means that we are residing in the sphere of God’s Power System and not in the sphere of Satan’s Cosmic System.
- The gist of Retroactive Positional Truth is that since we were identified with Christ in His spiritual death, when He rejected human good and evil, positionally, we have also rejected human good and evil.
- As a result, human good and evil remain an issue in our lives as believers. Thus, by application of the Bible doctrine of RPT, we must also reject human good and evil in our experience, by remaining in the sphere of GPS, by saying no to sin temptations or confessing our sins if we have sinned, to regain our experience inside the sphere of GPS.
- Human good and evil are combined to form the policy of Satan as the ruler of this world and the function of the Old Sin Nature (OSN) as the sovereign ruler of human life in the body of the sinner.
- Both human good and evil have a dual function in life.
1.) As the policy of Satan, the ruler of this world.
2.) As the function of the Old Sin Nature, residing in the cell structure of the body of every person.
- Through RPT, the Church Age believer is separated from human good and evil positionally, through the Baptism of the Holy Spirit, so that positionally the rulership of Satan and the control of the OSN are broken. But positional truth is not an experience.
- Consequently, RPT combines with CPT to destroy and abrogate the sovereignty of the OSN in the body where our Lord Jesus Christ now indwells.
- Furthermore, the Baptism of the Holy Spirit at salvation and resultant RPT nullifies the power of Satan, as well as the OSN. But we must know and apply these doctrines before they become a part of our experience. That is what John was emphasizing in his first Epistle and summarizing for us in Verse 18-20. Compare with Rom 6:1-23; Col 2:12-14; 3:1-4.
Rom 6:1-11, “What shall we say then? Are we to continue in sin so that grace may increase? 2May it never be! How shall we who died to sin (RPT) still live in it? 3Or do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus (Baptism of the Spirit) have been baptized into His death? (RPT) 4Therefore we have been buried with Him through baptism into death (RPT), so that as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we too might walk in newness of life (CPT). 5For if we have become united with Him in the likeness of His death (and we have), certainly we shall also be in the likeness of His resurrection (CPT), 6knowing this, that our old self (Adamic Nature) was crucified with Him, in order that our body of sin might be done away with, so that we would no longer be slaves to sin; 7for he who has died is freed from sin. 8Now if we have died with Christ (RPT), we believe that we shall also live with Him (CPT), 9knowing that Christ, having been raised from the dead, is never to die again; death no longer is master over Him. 10For the death that He died, He died to sin once for all; but the life that He lives, He lives to God. 11Even so consider yourselves to be dead to sin (RPT), but alive to God in Christ Jesus (CPT).”
Col 2:12-14, “Having been buried with Him in baptism, in which you were also raised up with Him through faith in the working of God, who raised Him from the dead. 13When you were dead in your transgressions and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He made you alive together with Him, having forgiven us all our transgressions, 14having canceled out the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us, which was hostile to us; and He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross.”
Col 3:1 4, “Therefore if you have been raised up with Christ, keep seeking the things above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God. 2Set your mind on the things above, not on the things that are on earth. 3For you have died and your life is hidden with Christ in God. 4When Christ, who is our life, is revealed, then you also will be revealed with Him in glory.”
This is our motivation from the indwelling of Jesus Christ to apply both Retroactive Positional Truth and Current Positional Truth to the Christian life in the fulfillment of the Plan of God. Our union with the indwelling of Jesus Christ as the Shekinah glory is not only a guarantee of our fantastic blessings and our Portfolio of Invisible Assets, but is also motivation for the fulfillment of the Plan of God.
The last clause we are noting in Verse 20 is “KAI ZOE AIONIOS” which is “and eternal life.” In this verse “eternal life” is in the Nominative case, which tells us it is referring to the subject of the sentence as a description of Jesus Christ. So, it is an essence of Jesus Christ, which is an essence of God. This once again proves the Deity of Jesus Christ.
As we noted above, this life is found only by faith in the person and work of the Lord Jesus Christ. Believing that He is the true God who became man, born of the virgin Mary, suffered and died on the Cross for the forgiveness of your sins, was buried, rose on the third day, ascended into heaven, and is seated at the right hand of God brings eternal life to that person.
This is the promise given to us by our Lord Himself in John 3:16, “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.”
In this verse, eternal life is in the Accusative Case which tells us this is the object of the sentence. That is, when we believe in Jesus Christ, the result is, we have eternal life.
So this leads us to understanding what our Eternal Life will be like.
Doctrine of Eternal Life
- Even though “Eternal Life” was anticipated in the Old Testament (OT), its concept for the believer is a New Testament revelation. It is specially noted in the Gospel of John and 1 John. ZOE is found 134 times. The verb form ZAO is found 143 times and is similar in meaning. AIONIOS appears 78 times, usually translated “eternal.”
- Eternal life or age-life is that which anticipates and assures fellowship with God in eternity, as well as having promise of entering into that eternal fellowship in time.
- Scriptures describe but do not formally define eternal life. The nearest approach to a definition is given in John 17:3, where Christ stated: “This is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.”
- Eternal Life is contrasted in Scripture with ordinary physical life.
1.) Though human life is endless in its duration, it does not possess inherently the qualities which enter into eternal life.
2.) Therefore, one having physical life without eternal life is described as “dead in trespasses and sins.” Eph. 2:1, 5. The lack of eternal life is equated with the state of being unsaved, condemned, or lost.
3.) In contrast, those who have eternal life are declared to be saved and promised that they shall never perish, John 3:15-16, 18, 36; 5:24; 10:9.
- The life which is bestowed upon the believer is identified with the life which is in Christ, John 5:21; 2 Cor 5:17; 1 John 5:12.
- The imputation of eternal life is seen in three principal figures in the Scripture.
1.) Regeneration is described first as a new birth, being “born . . . of God”, John 1:13, or “born again”, John 3:3. The bestowal of eternal life therefore relates the believer to God in a father and son relationship.
2.) The new life in Christ is described as a spiritual resurrection. Not only is the believer “raised together with Christ,” Col. 3:1, but is “alive from the dead,” Rom 6:13. Christ anticipated this in his prophecy: “An hour is coming and now is, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live,” John 5:25.
3.) The bestowal of new life is compared to the act of creation. As Adam became a living soul by the breath of God, so the believer becomes a new creation, 2 Cor 5:17. The possessor of eternal life is declared to be “created in Christ Jesus unto good works,” Eph 2:10. The concept of a new creation carries with it not only the possession of eternal life, but involves a new nature which corresponds to eternal life, “the old things passed away; behold, new things have come,” 2 Cor 5:17.
- Eternal life can only be received while a person lives on earth in his temporal life. You cannot get eternal life once you die as an unbeliever. Eternal life begins in time, 2 Cor 6:2. You cannot get eternal life in eternity; you have to get it now.
Eternal Life is the Result of Faith
John 3:36, “He that believes on the Son has eternal life, but he who does not believe on the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.”
- The Greek word PISTEUO in the Present Tense means, you have eternal life the moment you believe and continue to have it.
- A person has eternal life the moment he believes in the Lord Jesus Christ as his personal Savior, John 3:16; Acts 16:31.
- Eternal life is imputed to the human spirit, which is created for you by God the Holy Spirit at regeneration.
- The believer has eternal life while living on the earth, having both earthly and eternal life. When he dies, he receives an interim body until the day of the resurrection (rapture) of the church. At which time, all Church Age believers will receive their eternal resurrection bodies, 1 Cor 15:20-21, 35-57; 2 Cor 5:1; 1 Thes 4:13-18; 5:9-10.
1.) “Sleep” is the softened term for the believer’s death used in Scriptures, compare the above scriptures with John 11:11-13.
2.) Some confuse the fact that the body sleeps with a notion that the soul sleeps. No ground is found in the Word of God for the supposed sleep of the soul. On the other hand, by terms which cannot be mistaken, it is declared that those who die go on in consciousness, and in the case of believers, into the immediate presence of the Lord.
a) The thief on the Cross to whom Christ said, “Today you shall be with me in paradise,” Luke 23:43.
b) The Apostle Paul, speaking of the believer’s death said, “To depart, and to be with Christ is far better,” Phil. 1:23.
c) Paul also noted, “6Therefore we are always confident, knowing that, while we are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord: 7(for we walk by faith, not by sight:) 8we are confident, I say, and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord”, 2 Cor.5:6-8.
- Since death is never represented as an unconscious condition, the souls and spirits of all men, because they remain cognizant, are subject to both location and conditions, for the believer – Heaven and eternal life, for the unbeliever – the Lake of Fire and everlasting life.
- Temporal life has a body of corruption with the Old Sin Nature, but eternal life for the believer has a body, which experiences no more pain, tears, sorrow, Old Sin Nature, or sickness, Rev 21:4.
- It is clearly asserted that heaven is “far better” than the earth, 1:23. It is in heaven that the child of God will be conformed to the image of Christ, Rom 8:29; Phil 3:20-21; 1 John 3:1-3; he will know then, even as God knows now, and believers will be together with the Lord, 1 Thes 4:16-17.
- As citizens of heaven, our bodies will have been transformed. Our whole being will have been conformed to Christ. We, who are now joined to Christ, will then be forever with Christ in glory.
1.) Being now in Christ, we are partaking of what He is, and being married to Christ, we will share with Him in all things as a bride enters into the position and estate of her bridegroom.
- Some Essential Features of Eternal Life. Nowhere does Scripture give details of the life in the eternal kingdom of God. Occasionally, we are given slight glimpses of that life, of which our present experience with Him is only “a foretaste of glory divine.” Yet, certain features are disclosed respecting heaven and our eternal life, and these are best stated in the words of the Bible.
- A Life of Fellowship with Him.
1.) “For now we see in a mirror dimly, but then face to face,” 1 Cor 13:12.
2.) “Beloved, now we are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we will be. We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is,” 1 John 3:2.
3.) “If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also,” John 14:3.
4.) “And they shall see his face”, Rev 22:4.
- A Life of Abundance.
1.) “For bodily discipline is only of little profit, but godliness is profitable for all things, since it holds promise for the present life and also for the life to come,” 1 Tim 4:8.
2.) “I will give to the one who thirsts from the spring of the water of life without cost,” Rev 21:6.
- A Life of Rest. “And I heard a voice from heaven, saying, “Write, ‘Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from now on!’” “Yes,” says the Spirit, “so that they may rest from their labors, for their deeds follow with them,” Rev 14:13.
- A Life Full of Knowledge. “8Love never fails; but if there are gifts of prophecy, they will be done away; if there are tongues, they will cease; if there is knowledge, it will be done away. 9For we know in part and we prophesy in part; 10but when the perfect comes, the partial will be done away. 11When I was a child, I used to speak like a child, think like a child, reason like a child; when I became a man, I did away with childish things. 12For now we see in a mirror dimly, but then face to face; now I know in part, but then I will know fully just as I also have been fully known,” 1 Cor 13:8-12.
- A Life of Joy. “and God will wipe away every tear from their eyes; and there will no longer be any death; there will no longer be any mourning, or crying, or pain; the first things have passed away,” Rev. 21:4.
- A Life of Holiness. “and nothing unclean, and no one who practices abomination and lying, shall ever come into it, but only those whose names are written in the Lamb’s book of life,” Rev 21:27.
- A Life of Service. “There will no longer be any curse; and the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and His bond-servants will serve Him,” Rev 22:3.
- A Life of Worship. “After these things I heard something like a loud voice of a great multitude in heaven, saying, ‘Hallelujah! Salvation and glory and power belong to our God,’” Rev 19:1, with Rev 7:9-12.
- A Life of Glory. “For momentary, light affliction is producing for us an eternal weight of glory far beyond all comparison,” 2 Cor 4:17; “When Christ, who is our life, is revealed, then you also will be revealed with Him in glory,” Col 3:4.
1.) The truth should ever be in mind that heaven and hell are not attained by mere accident. They are presented in Scripture, with a view to human responsibility, as depending upon the human determination.
2.) This truth is asserted in such passages as, “Come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely,” and “Ye will not come to me, that ye might have life.” That so great a variation in destiny is possible for human beings is set forth in conformity with man’s viewpoint and represents the greatest of all human responsibilities.
- No redeemed individual could ever fully understand the glory of the prospect set before him. John summarized the anticipated glory by saying, “We know that when He appears, we will be like Him,” 1 John 3:2. The glory of our expectation is that we shall be transformed into His likeness, being sinless, deathless, and experiencing the perfection of development.
- There is the danger that the redeemed one will become so occupied with the anticipation of his own experience of glory that the supreme glorification of the Godhead is lost.
- Our occupation in the eternal state will not be with our position or glory but with God Himself. John writes: “We shall see Him as he is,” 1 John 3:2. We shall be fully occupied with the One, “that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood, and hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father” Rev 1:5-6, ascribing, “Blessing, and honor, and glory, and power, unto Him that sits upon the throne, and unto the Lamb forever and ever,” Rev 5:13, saying, “Blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiving, and honor, and power, and might, be unto our God for ever and ever. Amen,” Rev 7:12, for, ‘Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honor, and glory and blessing,” Rev 5:12.
The bride eyes not her garment,
But her dear bridegroom’s face;
I will not gaze at glory,
But on my King of Grace—
Not at the crown He giveth,
But on His pierced hand:—
The Lamb is all the glory
Of Immanuel’s land.
Verse 21 – The Command to Guard Against Idolatry.
We now turn to the final verse of 1 John, Verse 21 of Chapter 5, which reads, “Little children, guard yourselves from idols.”
The Greek is Τεκνία, φυλάξατε ἑαυτὰ ἀπὸ τῶν εἰδώλων.
Transliterated into English it is: TEKNIA, PHULAXATE HEAUTA APO TON EIDOLON.
TEKNIA is a Noun in the Vocative of Address, Neuter, Plural of TEKNION (little child), that means, “little children.” It is from TEKNON that simply means, “child.” Both TEKNION and TEKNON are used in the NT as a term of kindly address by teachers to their disciples.
It is in the Vocative of Address, where John is once again addressing his readers in a loving, fatherly way, which includes the entire church, indicating his deep concern for our spiritual walk.
John has used this phrase throughout this Epistle in: 1 John 2:1, 12, 28; 3:7, 18; 4:4 and this verse.
John took this expression from our Lord, as our Lord addressed the disciples this way in the Upper Room, John 13:33, “Little children, I am with you a little while longer. You will seek Me; and as I said to the Jews, now I also say to you, ‘Where I am going, you cannot come.’”
PHULAXATE is a Verb in the Aorist, Active, Imperative, Second Person, Plural of PHULASSO that means, “to guard, watch, abstain, keep watch, etc.”
It is used in the sense of carrying out sentinel functions – to watch or guard, as in Luke 2:8, “In the same region there were some shepherds staying out in the fields and keeping watch over their flock by night.”
It also means, “to hold in reserve, to protect by taking careful measures, to be on one’s guard against something, to continue to keep a law or commandment from being broken, or to store up for oneself.”
The Culminative Aorist Tense is a Simple Past Tense that views the action (your alertness, protection and guardianship over your own soul) as an entire action. It speaks to your volitional responsibilities inside the Plan of God. It is also a function of your volition regarding momentum testing. It views the action as a whole, but regards it from the viewpoint of existing results, that is, “guard your soul today by what you have been doing in the past; learning and apply God’s Word.”
The Active Voice says the believer, with his volition, produces the action of the verb. If he makes right decisions, he opens the doors for greater decisions, great happiness, and prosperity and virtue that glorifies God in time, as well as in eternity. In time through the dynamics of the spiritual life; in eternity through the rewards and decorations which go with the resurrection body.
The Imperative Mood is a command; it is the divine command to the believer to use his own volition to take in and apply Bible Doctrine and be filling with the Spirit. Therefore, this is an order, a mandate, and the very fact that we are given such a mandate means that free will, human volition continues to be the issue in the angelic conflict.
With this is HEAUTA, which is the Second Person, Plural, Pronoun of HEAUTOU in the Nominative, Neuter, meaning, “yourselves.” This is the subject of the sentence.
As a Reflexive Pronoun, it refers the action of the verb back to self. This says that you are responsible for your own decisions in life.
APO is a Preposition that means, “from” when linked with the following Genitive. It points to what we are to guard against or protect ourselves from, which is seen in the last two words below.
TON EIDOLON. TON is the Genitive Article “the.” EIDOLON, (the Greek ending being Omega Nu), is the Genitive, Masculine, Plural of EIDOLON (the Greek ending being Omicron Nu), that means, “an image (i.e. for worship), and by implication a false god, or idol.” In the plural, it is “idols.” It comes from EIDOS that means, “that which is seen,” whose ultimate root comes from EIDON and HORAO that mean, “to see or perceive.” So, it has come to be used for “idols,” which are objects of false worship.
So, we have, “Little children guard yourselves from idols.”
Doctrine of the Command to Guard Against Idolatry
1 Cor 10:7-8, “Do not be idolaters, as some of them (some Israelites) were; as it is written, “THE PEOPLE SAT DOWN TO EAT AND DRINK, AND STOOD UP TO PLAY.” 8Nor let us act immorally.”
In the context of 1 John, the command to guard against falling prey to idolatry means being influenced by false teachings, especially those of the Gnostics that deny the Person and work of Jesus Christ, giving a false gospel. Today, we see that in Jehovah Witnesses, Mormonism, Islam, Hinduism, and many “Christian” denominations that add works to the Gospels message. Yet idolatry in itself is a much broader topic. Keep in mind John’s context as we discuss other types or forms of idolatry.
Also remember that idolatry is associated with demonism and was rampant at the time that John wrote during the Roman Empire. It was also the basis for the destruction of every client nation in history. So, you can understand the destructive nature that is idolatry.
There are Many Forms of Idolatry, and there are many ways to be destroyed by idolatry, both on an individual and national basis.
Idolatry is the Worship of Anything that is Not God. It can include other people (dead or alive), angels (fallen or elect), your job, your church or church building, false doctrines, money, houses, cars, boats, hobbies, sex, sporting events, social groups, drugs, alcohol, etc. Whatever you worship is an idol.
- Idolatry is not only the giving to any creature or human creation the honor or devotion, which belongs to God alone, but also is putting anything ahead of your relationship with God and which would prevent you from doing His will, Col 3:5; 1 Peter 4:3.
Col 3:5, “Therefore consider the members of your earthly body as dead to immorality, impurity, passion, evil desire, and greed, which amounts to idolatry.”
1 Peter 4:3, “For the time already past is sufficient for you to have carried out the desire of the Gentiles, having pursued a course of sensuality, lusts, drunkenness, carousing, drinking parties and abominable idolatries.”
- In John’s context of 1 John 5:21, it was organized false religion.
Idolatry is Always Forbidden by God in Any Form, Ex 20:3, 23; 23:24; Deut 4:28; 5:7; 6:14; 7:16; 8:19.
- The first of the 10 Commandments prohibits mental idolatry;
- The second commandment prohibits overt idolatry, Ex 20:1-6; Deut 5:6-10.
The Believer is Commanded to Have Nothing to do with Idolatry, 1 Cor 5:9-11; 6:9-11; 10:14; 2 Cor 6:16.
1 Cor 5:9-11, “I wrote you in my letter not to associate with immoral people; 10I did not at all mean with the immoral people of this world, or with the covetous and swindlers, or with idolaters, for then you would have to go out of the world. 11But actually, I wrote to you not to associate with any so-called brother if he is an immoral person, or covetous, or an idolater, or a reviler, or a drunkard, or a swindler—not even to eat with such a one.”
1 Cor 6:9-11, “Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor homosexuals, 10nor thieves, nor the covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers, will inherit the kingdom of God. 11Such were some of you; but you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God.”
1 Cor 10:14, “Therefore, my beloved brethren, flee from idolatry.”
2 Cor 6:16, “Or what agreement has the temple of God with idols? For we are the temple of the living God; Just as God said, `I will dwell in them, and walk among them, and be their God, and they shall be My people.’”
Idols are Senseless and Powerless Objects. Psa 115:5-8; Isa 46:7; Jer 10:5; Hab 2:18-19; 1 Cor 12:2
Psa 115:4, “Their idols are silver and gold, the work of man’s hands. 5They have mouths, but they cannot speak; they have eyes, but they cannot see; 6They have ears, but they cannot hear; they have noses, but they cannot smell; 7They have hands, but they cannot feel; they have feet, but they cannot walk; they cannot make a sound with their throat. 8Those who make them will become like them, everyone who trusts in them.”
Habakkuk 2:18, “What profit is the idol when its maker has carved it, or an image, a teacher of falsehood? For its maker trusts in his own handiwork when he fashions speechless idols.”
The General Characteristics of Idolatry Include:
- Idolatry is related to demonism in Lev 20:6. Idolatry combines demon possession or influence with various religious activities, and with various immoral activities. It was, and is, one of Satan’s greatest systems of religion.
- Idolatry, demonism, and immoral degeneracy are a manifestation of the unbeliever’s, or reversionistic believer’s status quo. Idolatry is a basis for every imaginable sin.
- Idolatry is related to immorality, especially sexual sins that were used in the phallic cult activities in Ezek 23:3-18, 37-49; Lev 18:3-25. This includes abnormal sexual sins, as noted in Deut 12:29-31.
Jer 9:14, “But (they) have walked after the stubbornness of their heart (followed the scar tissue of their souls) and after the Baals, as their fathers had trained them.”
- Idolatry is related to human sacrifice, Lev 20:1-5.
- Idolatry is related to rejection of authority, Lev 20:9.
- Idolatry is a part of social degeneracy, Lev 20:10-23.
The Unbeliever is Characterized as an Idolater, among other things, Eph 5:5; Gal 5:20; Rev 9:20-21; 21:8; 22:15.
Eph 5:5, “For this you know with certainty, that no immoral or impure person or covetous man, who is an idolater, has an inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God.”
Rev 9:20-21, “And the rest of mankind, who were not killed by these plagues (of the Tribulation), did not repent of the works of their hands, so as not to worship demons, and the idols of gold and of silver and of brass and of stone and of wood, which can neither see nor hear nor walk; 21and they did not repent of their murders nor of their sorceries nor of their immorality nor of their thefts.”
Rev 21:8, “But for the cowardly and unbelieving and abominable and murderers and immoral persons and sorcerers and idolaters and all liars, their part will be in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.”
Idolatry for the Believer Means He is Under Demon Influence and Learns False Doctrine, 1 Cor 12:2; 1 Tim 4:1.
1 Cor 12:2, “You know that when you were pagans, you were led astray to the mute idols, however you were led.”
1 Tim 4:1, “But the Spirit explicitly says that in later times some will fall away from the faith, paying attention to deceitful spirits and doctrines of demons.”
The Positive Believer has No Idols in His Life, and he is free to live his life in the grace of God, serving God, 1 Cor 8:4; 10:19-20; Col 3:5; 1 Thes 1:9.
1 Cor 8:4, “Therefore concerning the eating of things sacrificed to idols, we know that there is no such thing as an idol in the world, and that there is no God but one.”
1 Cor 10:19-20, “What do I mean then? That a thing sacrificed to idols is anything, or that an idol is anything? 20No, but I say that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to demons and not to God; and I do not want you to become sharers in demons.”
1 Thes 1:9, “For they themselves report about us what kind of a reception we had with you, and how you turned to God from idols to serve a living and true God, 10and to wait for His Son from heaven, whom He raised from the dead, that is Jesus, who rescues us from the wrath to come.”
How do We Guard Ourselves Against Idolatry?
- To guard one’s self as a believer, he must use his volition to reside and function inside God’s Power System, Phil 4:7; 2 Tim 3:17-18.
Phil 4:7, “And the peace of God, which surpasses all comprehension, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.”
2 Tim 3:17, “You therefore, beloved, knowing this beforehand, be on your guard so that you are not carried away by the error of unprincipled men and fall from your own steadfastness, 18but grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To Him be the glory, both now and to the day of eternity. Amen.”
- Knowing God’s truth will lead you to reject the falsehoods of idolatry, Luke 12:15; 1 Tim 6:20; 2 Tim 1:12-14; 4:14-15.
Luke 12:15, “Then He said to them, “Beware, and be on your guard against every form of greed; for not even when one has an abundance does his life consist of his possessions.””
1 Tim 6:20, “O Timothy, guard what has been entrusted to you, avoiding worldly and empty chatter and the opposing arguments of what is falsely called “knowledge.””
2 Tim 1:12-14, “For this reason I also suffer these things, but I am not ashamed; for I know whom I have believed and I am convinced that He is able to guard what I have entrusted to Him until that day. 13Retain the standard of sound words which you have heard from me, in the faith and love which are in Christ Jesus. 14Guard, through the Holy Spirit who dwells in us, the treasure which has been entrusted to you.”
2 Tim 4:14-15, “Alexander the coppersmith did me much harm; the Lord will repay him according to his deeds. 15Be on guard against him yourself, for he vigorously opposed our teaching.”
The Hebrew Equivalent of the Greek PHULASSO is the verb SHAMAR that means, “to keep, watch, or preserve.” Also, the Hebrew noun MISHMERETH means, “to be a guard or watcher.”
- The Old Testament taught the same principle of self-guardianship, which is actively taking in and applying God’s Word on a consistent basis coupled with non-meritorious faith resting in God and His Word, Psa 25:20-21; 39:1; Prov 2:10-13; 4:6-9, 13; Hab 2:1.
Habakkuk 2:1, “I will stand on my guard post and station myself on the rampart; and I will keep watch to see what He will speak to me, and how I may reply when I am reproved.”
Psa 25:20-21, “Guard my soul and deliver me; do not let me be ashamed, for I take refuge in You. 21Let integrity and uprightness preserve me, for I wait for You.”
Psa 39:1, “I said, “I will guard my ways that I may not sin with my tongue; I will guard my mouth as with a muzzle while the wicked are in my presence.”
Psa 121:8, “The LORD will guard your going out and your coming in from this time forth and forever.”
Prov 2:10-13, “For wisdom will enter your heart and knowledge will be pleasant to your soul; 11Discretion will guard you, understanding will watch over you, 12To deliver you from the way of evil, from the man who speaks perverse things; 13From those who leave the paths of uprightness to walk in the ways of darkness;”
Prov 4:6-9, “Then he taught me and said to me, “Let your heart hold fast my words; Keep my commandments and live; 5Acquire wisdom! Acquire understanding! Do not forget nor turn away from the words of my mouth. 6“Do not forsake her, and she will guard you; love her, and she will watch over you. 7“The beginning of wisdom is: Acquire wisdom; and with all your acquiring, get understanding. 8“Prize her, and she will exalt you; she will honor you if you embrace her. 9“She will place on your head a garland of grace; she will present you with a crown of beauty.””
Prov 4:13, “Take hold of instruction; do not let go. Guard her, for she is your life.”